Tetsuo Noda

Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (167)1196.34 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is considered a chronic inflammatory disease; however, the molecular basis underlying the sterile inflammatory response involved in the process of AAA remains unclear. We previously showed that the inflammasome, which regulates the caspase-1-dependent interleukin-1β production, mediates the sterile cardiovascular inflammatory responses. Therefore, we hypothesized that the inflammasome is a key mediator of initial inflammation in AAA formation.
    Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 11/2014; · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Despite the increasing commercial use of nanoparticles, little is known about their effects on placental inflammation and pregnancy complications. In this study, nanosilica (NS) particles upregulated the inflammasome component nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor (NLR) family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) and induced placental inflammation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, resulting in pregnancy complications. Furthermore, NS-induced pregnancy complications were markedly improved in Nlrp3(-/-) mice but not in component apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC)-deficient (Asc(-/-)) mice, indicating the independence of NLRP3 inflammasomes. Pregnancy complications in Nlrp3(-/-) and Asc(-/-) mice phenotypes were dependent on the balance between interleukin (IL)-1α and IL-10. NS-induced pregnancy complications were completely prevented by either inhibition of ROS generation or forced expression of IL-10. Our findings provide important information about NS-induced placental inflammation and pregnancy complications and the novel pathophysiological roles of NLRP3 and ASC in pregnancy.
    Nanotoxicology 09/2014; · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a reversible and dynamic process hypothesized to be co-opted by carcinoma during invasion and metastasis. Yet, there is still no quantitative measure to assess the interplay between EMT and cancer progression. Here, we derived a method for universal EMT scoring from cancer-specific transcriptomic EMT signatures of ovarian, breast, bladder, lung, colorectal and gastric cancers. We show that EMT scoring exhibits good correlation with previously published, cancer-specific EMT signatures. This universal and quantitative EMT scoring was used to establish an EMT spectrum across various cancers, with good correlation noted between cell lines and tumours. We show correlations between EMT and poorer disease-free survival in ovarian and colorectal, but not breast, carcinomas, despite previous notions. Importantly, we found distinct responses between epithelial- and mesenchymal-like ovarian cancers to therapeutic regimes administered with or without paclitaxel in vivo and demonstrated that mesenchymal-like tumours do not always show resistance to chemotherapy. EMT scoring is thus a promising, versatile tool for the objective and systematic investigation of EMT roles and dynamics in cancer progression, treatment response and survival.
    EMBO Molecular Medicine 09/2014; · 7.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mutant mouse models are indispensable tools for clarifying gene functions and elucidating the pathogenic mechanisms of human diseases. Here, we describe novel cancer models bearing point mutations in the retinoblastoma gene (Rb1) generated by N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea mutagenesis. Two mutations in splice sites reduced Rb1 expression and led to a tumor spectrum and incidence similar to those observed in the conventional Rb1 knockout mice. The missense mutant, Rb1D326V/+, developed pituitary tumors, but thyroid tumors were completely suppressed. Immunohistochemical analyses of thyroid tissue revealed that E2F1, but not E2F2/3, was selectively inactivated, indicating that the mutant Rb protein (pRb) suppressed thyroid tumors by inactivating E2F1. Interestingly, Rb1D326V/+ mice developed pituitary tumors that originated from the intermediate lobe of the pituitary, despite selective inactivation of E2F1. Furthermore, in the anterior lobe of the pituitary, other E2Fs were also inactivated. These observations show that pRb mediates the inactivation of E2F function, and its contribution to tumorigenesis is highly dependent on the cell-type. Finally, we showed that, by using a reconstitution assay of synthesized proteins, the D326V missense pRb bound to E2F1 but failed to interact with E2F2/3. These results reveal the effect of the pRb N-terminal domain on E2F function and the impact of the protein on tumorigenesis. Thus, this mutant mouse model can be used to investigate human Rb family bearing mutations at the N-terminal region.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Cancer Science 08/2014; · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Voltage-dependent block of the NMDA receptor by Mg2+ is thought to be central to the unique involvement of this receptor in higher brain functions. However, the in vivo role of the Mg2+ block in the mammalian brain has not yet been investigated, because brain-wide loss of the Mg2+ block causes perinatal lethality. In this study, we used a brain-region specific knock-in mouse expressing an NMDA receptor that is defective for the Mg2+ block in order to test its role in neural information processing.
    Molecular brain. 06/2014; 7(1):44.
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    ABSTRACT: Hyperactivation of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) in β cells is usually found as a consequence of increased metabolic load. Although it has essential roles in β cell compensatory mechanisms, mTORC1 negatively regulates autophagy. Using a mouse model with β cell specific deletion of Tsc2 (βTsc2(-/-)) and consequently mTORC1 hyperactivation, we focused on the role that chronic mTORC1 hyperactivation might be having on β cell failure. mTORC1 hyperactivation drove an early increase in β cell mass which lately declined, triggering hyperglycemia. Apoptosis and endoplasmic reticulum stress markers were found in islets of older βTsc2(-/-), as well as accumulation of p62/SQSTM1 and impaired autophagic response. Mitochondrial mass was increased on β cells of βTsc2(-/-) mice, but mitophagy was also impaired under these circumstances. Here we provide the evidence of β cell autophagy impairment as a link between mTORC1 hyperactivation and mitochondrial dysfunction, probably contributing to β cell failure.
    Diabetes 04/2014; · 7.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While T-cell responses are directly modulated by Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands, the mechanism and physiological function of nucleic acids (NAs)-mediated T cell costimulation remains unclear. Here we show that unlike in innate cells, T-cell costimulation is induced even by non-CpG DNA and by self-DNA, which is released from dead cells and complexes with antimicrobial peptides or histones. Such NA complexes are internalized by T cells and induce costimulatory responses independently of known NA sensors, including TLRs, RIG-I-like receptors (RLRs), inflammasomes and STING-dependent cytosolic DNA sensors. Such NA-mediated costimulation crucially induces Th2 differentiation by suppressing T-bet expression, followed by the induction of GATA-3 and Th2 cytokines. These findings unveil the function of NA sensing by T cells to trigger and amplify allergic inflammation.
    Nature Communications 04/2014; 5:3566. · 10.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inflammation plays a key role in the pathophysiology of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. However, the mechanism by which hepatic I/R induces inflammatory responses remains unclear. Recent evidence indicates that a sterile inflammatory response triggered by I/R is mediated through a multiple-protein complex called the inflammasome. Therefore, we investigated the role of the inflammasome in hepatic I/R injury and found that hepatic I/R stimuli upregulated the inflammasome-component molecule, nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor (NLR) family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3), but not apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC). NLRP3(-/-) mice, but not ASC(-/-) and caspase-1(-/-) mice, had significantly less liver injury after hepatic I/R. NLRP3(-/-) mice showed reduced inflammatory responses, reactive oxygen species production, and apoptosis in I/R liver. Notably, infiltration of neutrophils, but not macrophages, was markedly inhibited in the I/R liver of NLRP3(-/-) mice. Bone marrow transplantation experiments showed that NLRP3 not only in bone marrow-derived cells, but also in non-bone marrow-derived cells contributed to liver injury after I/R. In vitro experiments revealed that keratinocyte-derived chemokine-induced activation of heterotrimeric G proteins was markedly diminished. Furthermore, NLRP3(-/-) neutrophils decreased keratinocyte-derived chemokine-induced concentrations of intracellular calcium elevation, Rac activation, and actin assembly formation, thereby resulting in impaired migration activity. Taken together, NLRP3 regulates chemokine-mediated functions and recruitment of neutrophils, and thereby contributes to hepatic I/R injury independently of inflammasomes. These findings identify a novel role of NLRP3 in the pathophysiology of hepatic I/R injury.
    The Journal of Immunology 04/2014; · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inflammation plays a crucial role in the pathophysiological characteristics of chronic kidney disease; however, the inflammatory mechanisms underlying the chronic kidney disease process remain unclear. Recent evidence indicates that sterile inflammation triggered by tissue injury is mediated through a multiprotein complex called the inflammasome. Therefore, we investigated the role of the inflammasome in the development of chronic kidney disease using a murine unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) model. Inflammasome-related molecules were up-regulated in the kidney after UUO. Apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain deficiency significantly reduced inflammatory responses, such as inflammatory cell infiltration and cytokine expression, and improved subsequent renal injury and fibrosis. Furthermore, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain was specifically up-regulated in collecting duct (CD) epithelial cells of the UUO-treated kidney. In vitro experiments showed that extracellular ATP induced inflammasome activation in CD epithelial cells through P2X7-potassium efflux and reactive oxygen species-dependent pathways. These results demonstrate the molecular basis for the inflammatory response in the process of chronic kidney disease and suggest the CD inflammasome as a potential therapeutic target for preventing chronic kidney disease progression.
    American Journal Of Pathology 03/2014; · 4.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hereditary deafness affects approximately 1 in 2,000 children. Mutations in the gene encoding the cochlear gap junction protein connexin 26 (CX26) cause prelingual, nonsyndromic deafness and are responsible for as many as 50% of hereditary deafness cases in certain populations. Connexin-associated deafness is thought to be the result of defective development of auditory sensory epithelium due to connexion dysfunction. Surprisingly, CX26 deficiency is not compensated for by the closely related connexin CX30, which is abundantly expressed in the same cochlear cells. Here, using two mouse models of CX26-associated deafness, we demonstrate that disruption of the CX26-dependent gap junction plaque (GJP) is the earliest observable change during embryonic development of mice with connexin-associated deafness. Loss of CX26 resulted in a drastic reduction in the GJP area and protein level and was associated with excessive endocytosis with increased expression of caveolin 1 and caveolin 2. Furthermore, expression of deafness-associated CX26 and CX30 in cell culture resulted in visible disruption of GJPs and loss of function. Our results demonstrate that deafness-associated mutations in CX26 induce the macromolecular degradation of large gap junction complexes accompanied by an increase in caveolar structures.
    The Journal of clinical investigation 03/2014; · 15.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fusion genes have been recognized to play key roles in oncogenesis. Though, many techniques have been developed for genome-wide analysis of fusion genes, a more efficient method is desired. We introduced a new method of detecting the novel fusion gene by using GeneChip Exon Array that enables exon expression analysis on a whole-genome scale and TAIL-PCR. To screen genes with abnormal exon expression profiles, we developed computational program, and confirmed that the program was able to search the fusion partner gene using Exon Array data of T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (T-ALL) cell lines. It was reported that the T-ALL cell lines, ALL-SIL, BE13 and LOUCY, harbored the fusion gene NUP214-ABL1, NUP214-ABL1 and SET-NUP214, respectively. The program extracted the candidate genes with abnormal exon expression profiles: 1 gene in ALL-SIL, 1 gene in BE13, and 2 genes in LOUCY. The known fusion partner gene NUP214 was included in the genes in ALL-SIL and LOUCY. Thus, we applied the proposed program to the detection of fusion partner genes in other tumors. To discover novel fusion genes, we examined 24 breast cancer cell lines and 20 pancreatic cancer cell lines by using the program. As a result, 20 and 23 candidate genes were obtained for the breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines respectively, and seven genes were selected as the final candidate gene based on information of the EST data base, comparison with normal cell samples and visual inspection of Exon expression profile. Finding of fusion partners for the final candidate genes was tried by TAIL-PCR, and three novel fusion genes were identified. The usefulness of our detection method was confirmed. Using this method for more samples, it is thought that fusion genes can be identified.
    Journal of clinical bioinformatics. 02/2014; 4(1):3.
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    ABSTRACT: MDA5 is an essential intracellular sensor for several viruses, including picornaviruses, and elicits antiviral interferon (IFN) responses by recognizing viral dsRNAs. MDA5 has been implicated in autoimmunity. However, the mechanisms of how MDA5 contributes to autoimmunity remain unclear. Here we provide direct evidence that dysregulation of MDA5 caused autoimmune disorders. We established a mutant mouse line bearing MDA5 mutation by ENU mutagenesis, which spontaneously developed lupus-like autoimmune symptoms without viral infection. Inflammation was dependent on an adaptor molecule, MAVS indicating the importance of MDA5-signaling. In addition, intercrossing the mutant mice with type I IFN receptor-deficient mice ameliorated clinical manifestations. This MDA5 mutant could activate signaling in the absence of its ligand but was paradoxically defective for ligand- and virus-induced signaling, suggesting that the mutation induces a conformational change in MDA5. These findings provide insight into the association between disorders of the innate immune system and autoimmunity.
    Immunity 02/2014; · 19.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brn4, which encodes a POU transcription factor, is the gene responsible for DFN3, an X chromosome-linked, non-syndromic type of hearing loss. Brn4-deficient mice have a low endocochlear potential (EP), hearing loss, and ultrastructural alterations in spiral ligament fibrocytes, however the molecular pathology through which Brn4 deficiency causes low EP is still unclear. Mutations in the Gjb2 and Gjb6 genes encoding the gap junction proteins connexin26 (Cx26) and connexin30 (Cx30) genes, respectively, which encode gap junction proteins and are expressed in cochlear fibrocytes and non-sensory epithelial cells (i.e., cochlear supporting cells) to maintain the proper EP, are responsible for hereditary sensorineural deafness. It has been hypothesized that the gap junction in the cochlea provides an intercellular passage by which K+ is transported to maintain the EP at the high level necessary for sensory hair cell excitation. Here we analyzed the formation of gap junction plaques in cochlear supporting cells of Brn4-deficient mice at different stages by confocal microscopy and three-dimensional graphic reconstructions. Gap junctions from control mice, which are composed mainly of Cx26 and Cx30, formed linear plaques along the cell-cell junction sites with adjacent cells. These plaques formed pentagonal or hexagonal outlines of the normal inner sulcus cells and border cells. Gap junction plaques in Brn4-deficient mice did not, however, show the normal linear structure but instead formed small spots around the cell-cell junction sites. Gap junction lengths were significantly shorter, and the level of Cx26 and Cx30 was significantly reduced in Brn4-deficient mice compared with littermate controls. Thus the Brn4 mutation affected the assembly and localization of gap junction proteins at the cell borders of cochlear supporting cells, suggesting that Brn4 substantially contributes to cochlear gap junction properties to maintain the proper EP in cochleae, similar to connexin-related deafness.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(9):e108216. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Wnt/β-catenin signalling regulates numerous developmental and homeostatic processes. Ctnnb1 (also known as β-catenin) is the only protein that transmits signals from various Wnt ligands to downstream genes. In this study, we report that our newly established mouse strain, which harbours a Cys429 to Ser missense mutation in the β-catenin gene, exhibited specific organ defects in contrast to mice with broadly functioning Wnt/β-catenin signalling. Both homozygous mutant males and females produced normal gametes but were infertile because of abnormal seminal vesicle and vaginal morphogenesis. An ins-TOPGAL transgenic reporter spatiotemporally sustained Wnt/β-catenin signalling during the corresponding organogenesis. Therefore, β-catenin(C429S) should provide new insights into β-catenin as a universal component of Wnt/β-catenin signal transduction.
    Scientific reports. 01/2014; 4:6959.
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    ABSTRACT: A major function of innate immune receptors is to recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns and then evoke immune responses appropriate to the nature of the invading pathogen(s). Because innate immune cells express various types of these receptors, distinct combinations of signaling pathways are activated in response to a given pathogen. Although the conventional wisdom is that these signaling pathways cooperate with one another to ensure an effective host response, a more nuanced view recognizes antagonism between the individual pathways, where the attenuation of a signaling pathway(s) by others may shape the immune response. In this study, we show that, on Listeria monocytogenes infection, Toll-like receptor-triggered MyD88 signaling pathways suppress type I IFN gene induction, which is detrimental to macrophage bactericidal activity. These pathways target and suppress the IFN regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) transcription factor that is activated by the stimulator of IFN genes-TANK-binding kinase-1 kinase pathway. We also provide evidence for the involvement of the MAPK phosphatase family members, which renders IRF3 hypophosphorylated on Toll-like receptor signaling by enhancing the formation of an MAPK phosphatase-IRF3-TANK-binding kinase-1 ternary complex. This study, therefore, reveals a hitherto unrecognized and important contribution of a beneficial innate signaling interference against bacterial infections.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 11/2013; · 9.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In order to analyze the damage of human epithelial cells, we used human quasi-normal FPCK-1-1 cells derived from a colonic polyp in a patient with familial adenomatous polyposis as a monolayer, which is co-cultured with peptidoglycan (PGN)-stimulated THP-1 cells. Co-cultured FPCK-1-1 cells showed a decreased transepithelial electrical resistance (TER) and the lower level of claudin-2. When Spirulina complex polysaccharides were added one day before the start of the co-culture, there was no decrease of TER and claudin-2 (early phase damage). In contrast, when Spirulina complex polysaccharides were added to FPCK-1-1 cells after the level of TER had decreased, there was no recovery at the level of claudin-2, though the TER level recovered (late phase damage). The mucosa reconstitution is suggested to be involved in the recovery from the damaged status. Interestingly, autonomous recovery of FPCK-1-1 cells from both the early and late phase damage requires the production of IL-22, because anti-IL-22 antibodies inhibited recovery in these cases. Antibodies against either TLR2 or TLR4 inhibited the production of IL-22 from FPCK-1-1 colon epithelial cells, suggesting that signals through TLR2 and TLR4 are necessary for autonomous recovery of FPCK-1-1 colon epithelial cells by producing IL-22. In conclusion, we have established a useful model for the study of intestinal damage and recovery using human colon epithelial cells and our data suggest that damage to human colon epithelial cells can, at least in part, be recovered by the autonomous production of IL-22 in response to Spirulina complex polysaccharides.
    International immunopharmacology 10/2013; · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The mitotic spindle is assembled by the coordinated action of centrosomes and kinetochore microtubules. An evolutionally conserved protein family, transforming acidic coiled-coil (TACC), has been shown to be involved in this process. In humans, TACC3 is aberrantly expressed in a variety of human cancers, but its biological significance remains to be elucidated. Here, using a novel compound targeting TACC3, spindlactone (SPL), we show that the perturbation of TACC3 selectively inhibited the nucleation of centrosome microtubules in ovarian cancer cells. In contrast to centrosome microtubules, the kinetochore microtubules were robustly assembled, forming ectopic spindle poles that resulted in multipolar spindles. Interestingly, the extensive inhibition of TACC3 partially suppressed the nucleation of kinetochore microtubules. These dose-dependent effects of SPL were consistent with the results observed by the depletion of TACC3 and its binding partner, colonic and hepatic tumor overexpressed gene protein (TOGp). Although these proteins both have roles in the assembly of centrosome and kinetochore microtubules, their contributions were spatiotemporally different. Notably, SPL did not affect spindle assembly in normal cells. Furthermore, the oral administration of SPL significantly suppressed tumor growth in vivo. The unique mechanism of action of SPL not only enables it to be used as a tool to dissect the molecular basis of spindle assembly but also to provide a rationale for the use of TACC3 as a molecular target for cancer treatment. This rationale offers an opportunity to develop new strategies for cancer chemotherapy that overcome the limitations of microtubule toxins and expand their scope and clinical efficacy.Oncogene advance online publication, 30 September 2013; doi:10.1038/onc.2013.382.
    Oncogene 09/2013; · 8.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mutant mouse models are indispensable tools for clarifying the functions of genes and elucidating the underlying pathogenic mechanisms of human diseases. We conducted large-scale mutagenesis employing the chemical mutagen N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU). One specific aim of our ENU mutagenesis project is to generate novel cancer models. We screened 7,012 animals for dominant traits using a necropsy test and thereby established 17 mutant lines predisposed to cancer. Here, we report on a novel cancer model line that developed osteoma, trichogenic tumor and breast cancer. Using fine mapping and genomic sequencing, we identified a point mutation in the adenomatous polyposis coli (Apc) gene. The Apc1576 mutants bear a nonsense mutation at codon 1,576 in the Apc gene. Although most Apc mutant mice established thus far have multifocal intestinal tumors, mice that are heterozygous for the Apc1576 mutation do not develop intestinal tumors; instead, they develop multifocal breast cancers and trichogenic tumors. Notably, the osteomas that develop in the Apc1576 mutant mice recapitulate the lesion observed in Gardner syndrome, a clinical variant of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). Our Apc1576 mutant mice will be valuable not only for understanding the function of the Apc gene in detail but also as models of human Gardner syndrome.
    Cancer Science 04/2013; · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) plays a suppressive role in cecal carcinogenesis by CUL4B/AhR-mediated ubiquitylation and degradation of β-catenin, which is activated by xenobiotics and natural ligands. AhR-deficient (AhR-/-) mice develop cecal tumors with severe inflammation. To elucidate whether the tumors develop autonomously in AhR-/- mice due to impaired β-catenin degradation or in association with accelerated inflammation, we performed two kinds of experiments using germ-free (GF) AhR-/- mice and compound mutant mice lacking genes for AhR and ASC which plays an essential role in caspase-1 activation in inflammasomes. Both GF AhR-/- and AhR-/-•ASC-/- mice showed considerably reduced tumor development compared with that in AhR-/- mice albeit in a "cancer-prone" state with aberrant β-catenin accumulation. Blocking of the IL-1β signaling pathway by treatment with a caspase-1 inhibitor, YVAD reduced cecal tumorigenesis in AhR-/- mice. STAT3 activation was detected in the cecal epithelium of the AhR-/- mice due to enhanced IL-6 production. An inhibitor of the STAT3 signaling pathway, AG490 suppressed the tumor formation. ASC-mediated inflammation was also found to play a critical role in tumor development in ApcMin/+ mice, a mouse model of familial adenomatous polyposis. Collectively, these results revealed an important role of the bacteria-triggered or ASC-mediated inflammation signaling pathway in the intestinal tumorigenesis of mice and suggest a possible chemical therapeutic intervention, including AhR-ligands and inhibitors of the inflammation pathway.
    Carcinogenesis 03/2013; · 5.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peroxisomes are subcellular organelles involved in lipid metabolic processes, including those of very-long-chain fatty acids and branched-chain fatty acids, among others. Peroxisome matrix proteins are synthesized in the cytoplasm. Targeting signals (PTS or peroxisomal targeting signal) at the C-terminus (PTS1) or N-terminus (PTS2) of peroxisomal matrix proteins mediate their import into the organelle. In the case of PTS2-containing proteins, the PTS2 signal is cleaved from the protein when transported into peroxisomes. The functional mechanism of PTS2 processing, however, is poorly understood. Previously we identified Tysnd1 (Trypsin domain containing 1) and biochemically characterized it as a peroxisomal cysteine endopeptidase that directly processes PTS2-containing prethiolase Acaa1 and PTS1-containing Acox1, Hsd17b4, and ScpX. The latter three enzymes are crucial components of the very-long-chain fatty acids β-oxidation pathway. To clarify the in vivo functions and physiological role of Tysnd1, we analyzed the phenotype of Tysnd1−/− mice. Male Tysnd1−/− mice are infertile, and the epididymal sperms lack the acrosomal cap. These phenotypic features are most likely the result of changes in the molecular species composition of choline and ethanolamine plasmalogens. Tysnd1−/− mice also developed liver dysfunctions when the phytanic acid precursor phytol was orally administered. Phyh and Agps are known PTS2-containing proteins, but were identified as novel Tysnd1 substrates. Loss of Tysnd1 interferes with the peroxisomal localization of Acaa1, Phyh, and Agps, which might cause the mild Zellweger syndrome spectrum-resembling phenotypes. Our data established that peroxisomal processing protease Tysnd1 is necessary to mediate the physiological functions of PTS2-containing substrates.
    PLoS Genetics 02/2013; 9(2):e1003286. · 8.52 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

7k Citations
1,196.34 Total Impact Points


  • 2002–2014
    • Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
    • National Hospital Organization Kyushu Cancer Center
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
    • Dokkyo Medical University
      • Department of Histology and Neurobiology
      Tochigi, Tochigi-ken, Japan
  • 2008–2012
    • Osaka University
      • Division of Biological Science
      Ōsaka-shi, Osaka-fu, Japan
    • St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
      Memphis, Tennessee, United States
  • 2004–2010
    • Chiba University
      • Graduate School of Medicine
      Chiba-shi, Chiba-ken, Japan
    • Yokohama City University
      • Department of Urology
      Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa-ken, Japan
    • National Institute of Genetics
      • Laboratory of Mammalian Genetics
      Mishima, Shizuoka-ken, Japan
  • 2009
    • Wakayama Medical University
      • Second Department of Surgery
      Wakayama, Wakayama, Japan
  • 2005–2008
    • Kyoto University
      • Department of Cell Biology
      Kyoto, Kyoto-fu, Japan
    • Keio University
      • Department of Physiology
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
  • 2002–2008
    • The University of Tokyo
      • Faculty & Graduate School of Medicine
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
  • 2006
    • Tsukuba Research Institute
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2002–2006
    • Tohoku University
      • • Graduate School of Medicine
      • • Department of Ophthalmology
      • • Division of Cell Biology
      Sendai-shi, Miyagi-ken, Japan
  • 2003–2004
    • Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2000
    • Kansai Medical University
      • Department of Anatomy and Cell Science
      Moriguchi, Osaka-fu, Japan
  • 1998
    • Nagoya University
      • Division of General Medicine
      Nagoya-shi, Aichi-ken, Japan