Hui-Fen Zhu

Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China

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Publications (25)55.78 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The expression profile in the mouse hepatitis B virus X (HBx)-transfected model was investigated in order to lay a foundation for further study on the implication of cytokines expression in hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Hydrodynamic injection method via the tail vein was used to establish the animal HBx-transfected model. By using microassay, the differential expression of gene in each group was analyzed, which was further confirmed by using real-time PCR and semi-quantitative PCR. Most of chemokine genes such as Ccl2, Ccl5, Ccl9, MIG and IP-10 were up-regulated in the HBx-transfected mouse model versus the control mice, which was coincided with the microarray results. Western blotting and immunohistochemistry were applied to detect the expression of MIG and IP-10 in the liver tissues. Simultaneously, ELISA was adopted to measure the content of IFN-γ in the liver tissues. DNA microassay revealed that the expression of 611 genes changed in HBx-transfected mice as compared with that in pCMV-tag2B-transfected mice, and most of the screened chemokines were up-regulated (including MIG and IP-10). Additionally, IFN-γ protein levels were increased by 20.7% (P<0.05) in pCMV-tag2B-HBx-transfected mice as compared with the untreated mice. IFN-γ protein levels were reduced by 53.9% (P<0.05) in pCMV-tag2B-transfected mice as compared with the untreated mice, which was consistent with the up-regulation of MIG and IP-10. It was suggested HBx transfection could induce the expression of MIG and IP-10 in the liver tissues, which might play the roles in HBV-related liver immunity and cytokines-mediated antiviral effect.
    Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology 04/2013; 33(2):172-177. · 0.58 Impact Factor
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    International Immunopharmacology 01/2013; · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Interleukin-4 is central to allergic pulmonary inflammatory responses, but its contribution to airway neutrophilia remains controversial. The endothelium plays a critical role in regulating leukocyte recruitment and migration during inflammation. However, its response to IL-4 is reported to either increase or decrease the production of neutrophil chemotactic factors. We hypothesized that these conflicting findings may be due to the tissue and the size of the vessels from which endothelial cells have been derived. The expression of CXCL-8 by human primary culture umbilical veins endothelial cells (HUVECs), human pulmonary artery endothelial cells (HPAECs), and human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMECs) when stimulated with recombinant human IL-4 (rhIL-4) was studied. The chemoattractant property of the cells' supernatants for neutrophils was evaluated using Boyden chambers. The role of the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) in IL-4-induced HPAECs was studied using Western blotting and electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). We demonstrated that IL-4 increased the mRNA expression and the protein production of CXCL-8 in HPAECs, but not in HUVECs and HPMECs. The supernatants of HAPECs stimulated by IL-4 significantly promoted neutrophils migration in a dose-dependent manner, and was significantly attenuated by an inhibitor of CXCL-8. We also found that extracellular-regulated protein kinase1/2 (ERK1/2) is activated by IL-4 in HPAECs, but not JUN-N-terminal protein kinase (JNK) or p38 MAPK pathway. Furthermore, NF-κB-DNA binding activity, phosphorylation of IκBα and p65 levels were not affected by rhIL-4 in HAPECs. These findings indicate marked functional differences in the response of micro and macro-ECs to IL-4. ERK1/2, rather than NF-κB, JNK and p38 MAPK signaling, plays a role in IL-4 induced chemokine activation. Our results suggest that inhibition of ERK1/2 may be a possible target for airway neutrophilia in allergic lung diseases.
    Molecular Immunology 06/2011; 48(15-16):1784-92. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gr-1(+)CD11b(+)F4/80(+) cells play important roles in tumor development and have a negative effect on tumor immunotherapy. So far, the mechanisms underlying the regulation of their immunosuppressive phenotype by classical and alternative macrophage activation stimuli are not well elucidated. In this study, we found that molecules from necrotic tumor cells (NTC-Ms) stimulated Gr-1(+)CD11b(+)F4/80(+) cells to induce apoptosis of activated T cells but not nonstimulated T cells. The apoptosis-inducing capacity was determined by higher expression levels of arginase I and IL-10 relative to those of NO synthase 2 and IL-12 in Gr-1(+)CD11b(+)F4/80(+) cells, which were induced by NTC-Ms through TLR4 signaling. The apoptosis-inducing capacity of NTC-Ms-stimulated Gr-1(+)CD11b(+)F4/80(+) cells could be enhanced by IL-10. IFN-gamma may reduce the apoptosis-inducing capacity of Gr-1(+)CD11b(+)F4/80(+) cells only if their response to IFN-gamma was not attenuated. However, the potential of Gr-1(+)CD11b(+)F4/80(+) cells to express IL-12 in response to IFN-gamma could be attenuated by tumor, partially due to the existence of active STAT3 in Gr-1(+)CD11b(+)F4/80(+) cells and NTC-Ms from tumor. In this situation, IFN-gamma could not effectively reduce the apoptosis-inducing capacity of Gr-1(+)CD11b(+)F4/80(+) cells. Tumor immunotherapy with 4-1BBL/soluble programmed death-1 may significantly reduce, but not abolish the apoptosis-inducing capacity of Gr-1(+)CD11b(+)F4/80(+) cells in local microenvironment. Blockade of TLR4 signaling could further reduce the apoptosis-inducing capacity of Gr-1(+)CD11b(+)F4/80(+) cells and enhance the suppressive effect of 4-1BBL/soluble form of programmed death-1 on tumor growth. These findings indicate the relationship of distinct signaling pathways with apoptosis-inducing capacity of Gr-1(+)CD11b(+)F4/80(+) cells and emphasize the importance of blocking TLR4 signaling to prevent the induction of T cell apoptosis by Gr-1(+)CD11b(+)F4/80(+) cells.
    The Journal of Immunology 09/2010; 185(5):2773-82. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Interferon-γ inducible protein 10 (IP-10) involves inflammatory cell recruitment and cellular immune damage during virus infection. Although an increase of the peripheral IP-10 level is known in HBV-infected patients, the molecular basis of HBV infection inducing IP-10 expression has remained elusive. In the present study, we demonstrate that hepatitis B virus protein X (HBx) increases IP-10 expression in a dose-dependent manner. Transfection of the HBx-expressing vector into HepG2 cells results in nuclear translocation of NF-κB, which directly binds the promoter of IP-10 at positions from −122 to −113, thus facilitating transcription. The addition of the NF-κB inhibitor blocks the effect of HBx on IP-10 induction. In parallel, increase of NF-κB subunits p65 and p50 in HepG2 cells also augments IP-10 expression. Furthermore, we show that HBx induces activation of NF-κB through the TRAF2/TAK1 signaling pathway, leading to up-regulation of IP-10 expression. As a consequence, up-regulation of IP-10 may mediate the migration of peripheral blood leukocytes in a NF-κB-dependent manner. In conclusion, we report a novel molecular mechanism of HBV infection inducing IP-10 expression, which involves viral protein HBx affecting NF-κB pathway, leading to transactivation of the IP-10 promoter. Our study provides insight into the migration of leukocytes in response to HBV infection, thus causing immune pathological injury of liver.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 04/2010; 285(16):12159-12168. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether rhTGF-beta1 or a recombinant vector encoding a fusion protein comprising an extracellular domain of TGF-beta receptor II and an IgG Fc fragment) affects the regulation of CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) expression in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. MCF-7 breast cancer cells were treated with rhTGF-beta1 or transfected with a recombinant vector, pIRES2-EGFP-TbetaRII-Fc. Expression of CXCR4 in these cells was then analyzed at the mRNA and protein levels by quantitative RT-PCR and flow cytometry assay, respectively. A transwell assay was used to measure the chemotactic response of these cells to SDF-1alpha. CXCR4 mRNA and protein expression were upregulated in TGF-beta1-treated MCF-7 cells. These cells also demonstrated an enhanced chemotactic response to SDF-1alpha. In MCF-7 cells transiently transfected with pIRES2-EGFP-TbetaRII-Fc, a fusion protein named TbetaRII-Fc (approximately 41 kDa) was produced and secreted. In these transfected cells, there was a reduction in CXCR4 expression and in the SDF-1alpha-mediated chemotactic response. TGF-beta1 upregulated CXCR4 expression in MCF-7 cells, which subsequently enhanced the SDF-1alpha-induced chemotactic response. The results suggest a link between TGF-beta1 and CXCR4 expression in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, which may be one of the mechanisms of TGF-beta1-mediated enhancement of metastatic potential in breast cancer cells.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 02/2010; 31(3):347-54. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Interferon-gamma inducible protein 10 (IP-10) involves inflammatory cell recruitment and cellular immune damage during virus infection. Although an increase of the peripheral IP-10 level is known in HBV-infected patients, the molecular basis of HBV infection inducing IP-10 expression has remained elusive. In the present study, we demonstrate that hepatitis B virus protein X (HBx) increases IP-10 expression in a dose-dependent manner. Transfection of the HBx-expressing vector into HepG2 cells results in nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB, which directly binds the promoter of IP-10 at positions from -122 to -113, thus facilitating transcription. The addition of the NF-kappaB inhibitor blocks the effect of HBx on IP-10 induction. In parallel, increase of NF-kappaB subunits p65 and p50 in HepG2 cells also augments IP-10 expression. Furthermore, we show that HBx induces activation of NF-kappaB through the TRAF2/TAK1 signaling pathway, leading to up-regulation of IP-10 expression. As a consequence, up-regulation of IP-10 may mediate the migration of peripheral blood leukocytes in a NF-kappaB-dependent manner. In conclusion, we report a novel molecular mechanism of HBV infection inducing IP-10 expression, which involves viral protein HBx affecting NF-kappaB pathway, leading to transactivation of the IP-10 promoter. Our study provides insight into the migration of leukocytes in response to HBV infection, thus causing immune pathological injury of liver.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 02/2010; 285(16):12159-68. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transferrin receptor (TfR) has been explored as a target for antibody-based therapy of cancer. In the previous study, we reported a murine anti-TfR monoclonal antibody (mAb) 7579 had good anti-tumor activities in vitro. In an attempt to reduce its immunogenicity and enhance its ability to recruit immune effector mechanism in vivo, we herein developed its chimera in the baculovirus/insect cell expression system based on the mating-assisted genetically integrated cloning (MAGIC) strategy. The chimeric light and heavy chains, containing human IgG1 constant regions, were correctly processed and assembled in insect cells, and then secreted into the mediums as heterodimeric H(2)L(2) immunoglobulins. Furthermore, analyses of antigen-binding assay and competitive binding assay indicated that the chimeric antibody possessed specificity and affinity similar to that of its parental murine antibody. Results of the antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) assay verified that the chimeric antibody could efficiently mediate ADCC and CDC against TfR-overexpressing tumor cells. These results suggested that this baculovirus-expressed chimeric anti-TfR IgG1 might have the potential to be used for cancer immunotherapy. Meanwhile, the MAGIC strategy, facilitating the rapid generation of chimeric mAbs, could be one of the efficient strategies for antibody engineering.
    Protein Engineering Design and Selection 10/2009; 22(12):723-31. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (SSTR2) is the principal mediator of somatostatin's (SST) antiproliferative effects on normal and cancer cells. Therefore, we investigated whether the enhanced expression of SSTR2 could inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells, and, if so, the mechanisms that might be involved. SSTR2 expression levels were determined by qRT-PCR in several tumor cell lines. Then, a plasmid pIRES2-EGFP-SSTR2 (pSIG) was constructed and stably transfected into MCF-7 cells (MCF-7/pSIG). After SSTR2 overexpression was identified by qRT-PCR, immunofluorescence staining and a receptor binding assay, the MCF-7/pSIG cells were analyzed by PI staining for apoptosis and cell cycle arrest was tested by flow cytometry for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression. The EGF-stimulated proliferation of MCF-7 cells was assayed by MTT. The human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 expresses a lower level of SSTR2, thereby partly accounting for the decreased response to SST. The overexpression of SSTR2 in MCF-7 cells resulted in apoptosis, cytostasis and G(1)/S cell cycle arrest. Furthermore, the expression of EGFR, together with EGF-stimulated proliferation, was markedly decreased in the MCF-7/pSIG cells. Enhanced SSTR2 expression played an antiproliferative role in MCF-7 cells through inducing apoptosis and G(1)/S cell cycle arrest, and also by decreasing EGFR expression, thereby counteracting the growth-stimulating effect of EGF. Our data seem to indicate that developing a new therapeutic agent capable of upregulating SSTR expression could potentially be a way to block tumor progression.Acta Pharmacologica Sinica (2009) 30: 1053-1059; doi: 10.1038/aps.2009.59.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 08/2009; 30(7):1053-9. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Elevated expression of monokine induced by the interferon-gamma (MIG) has been shown in HBV carriers, and it is involved in the infiltration of inflammatory cells and liver damage after HBV infection. However, the molecular mechanisms by which HBV-induced MIG expression have not been characterized. Our results indicated that HBx protein induced MIG expression in a dose-dependent manner. Such increase was due to the direct binding of NF-kappaB to the MIG promoter. By luciferase, chromatin immunoprecipitation and electrophoretic mobility shift assays, we demonstrated that the NF-kappaB binding site at positions -147 was essential for transcriptional activation of MIG promoter by HBx protein. Chemotaxis assay showed that the up-regulation of MIG protein levels enhanced the migration of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs), and inhibition of NF-kappaB significantly decreased the chemotaxis activity. Our findings provide a new insight into how leukocytes migrate to liver, and disclose a new regulatory mechanism of MIG expression after HBV infection.
    Virology 02/2009; 385(2):335-42. · 3.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To construct the fusion gene of transmembrane programmed death ligand (PD-L1) and red fluorescent protein (DsRed2), and to study the expression and effect of the fused PD-L1/pDsRed2-N1. The cloning technology was employed to construct the PD-L1/pDsRed2-N1 fusion gene. The fusion gene was transfected into NIT cells by lipofectamine. The expression of the fusion gene was determined by flow cytometry (FCM) and inverted phase contrast microscope. The effects on allo-spleen cells proliferation were detected by single mixed lymphocyte reaction. FCM was used to detect the proliferation of spleen cells. The expression of the fusion gene was observed in transiently transfected NIT cells. The fusion protein was expressed on cell membrane. These data suggested that the red fluorescent protein tag did not interfere with the natural assembly and the biological activity of PD-L1 molecule. The PD-L1-RFP fusion gene is constructed successfully and the fusion protein has biological activity.
    Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology 12/2008; 24(11):1068-71.
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    ABSTRACT: Heat shock protein 70-2 (HSP70-2) can be expressed by cancer cells and act as an important regulator of cancer cell growth and survival. Here, we show the molecular mechanisms by which hypoxia regulate HSP70-2 expression in cancer cells. When cells were subjected to hypoxia (1% O2), the expression of HSP70-2 had a significant increase in cancer cells. Such increase was due to the direct binding of hypoxia-inducible factor to hypoxia-responsive elements (HREs) in the HSP70-2 promoter. By luciferase assays, we demonstrated that the HRE1 at position -446 was essential for transcriptional activation of HSP70-2 promoter under hypoxic conditions. We also demonstrated that HIF-1alpha binds to the HSP70-2 promoter and the binding is specific, as revealed by HIF binding/competition and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays. Consequently, the upregulation of HSP70-2 enhanced the resistance of tumor cells to hypoxia-induced apoptosis. These findings provide a new insight into how tumor cells overcome hypoxic stress and survive, and also disclose a new regulatory mechanism of HSP70-2 expression in tumor cells.
    International Journal of Cancer 11/2008; 124(2):298-305. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transferrin receptor (TfR) has been used as a target for antibody-based therapy of cancer. Combining anti-TfR antibodies with chemotherapeutic drugs shows potential as one of the strategies for cancer therapy. In this study, we investigated the effects of anti-TfR monoclonal antibody 7579 alone or in combination with chemotherapeutic drugs (5-fluorouracil or doxorubicin) on non-hematopoietic tumor cells (HepG2 and MCF-7) in vitro. We found that 7579 mAb alone could dramatically down-regulate surface TfR expression on tumor cells. Consequently, marked S phase arrest and apoptosis were observed in 7579 mAb-treated tumor cells. In combination with 5-fluorouracil or doxorubicin, 7579 mAb enhanced the growth inhibitory effects of chemotherapeutic drugs on tumor cells. Results of 7AAD/Annexin V staining demonstrated that 7579 mAb enhanced the cytotoxic effects of chemotherapeutic drugs on tumor cells by mainly promoting tumor cell necrosis. Using the median-effect/combination-index isobologram method, we further evaluated the nature of 7579 mAb/chemotherapeutic drug interactions. Synergistic interaction was observed for 7579 mAb combined with 5-fluorouracil whereas additive efficacy was observed for 7579 mAb plus doxorubicin. Our study provided the basis to further develop 7579 mAb-containing chemoimmunotherapy for non-hematopoietic malignancies.
    International Immunopharmacology 10/2008; 8(13-14):1813-20. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The induction of antigen specific tolerance is critical for prevention and treatment of allograft rejection. In this study, we transfected CTLA4-Ig gene into dendritic cells (DCs), and investigated their effect on inhibition of lymphocyte activity in vitro and induction of immune tolerance on pancreatic islet allograft in mice. An IDDM C57BL/6 murine model induced by streptozotocin is as model mouse. The model mice were transplanted of the islet cells isolated from the BALB/c mice to their kidney capsules, and injected of CTLA4-Ig modified DCs (mDCs). The results showed that mDCs could significantly inhibit T lymphocyte proliferation and induce its apoptosis; whereas, unmodified DCs (umDCs) promoted the murine lymphocyte proliferation. Compared with injection of umDCs and IgG1 modified DCs, the injection of mDCs prolonged IDDM mice's allograft survival, and normalized their plasma glucose (PG) levels within 3 days and maintained over 2 weeks. The level of IFN-gamma was lower and the level of IL-4 was higher in mDCs treated recipient mice than that in control mice, it indicated that mDCs led to Th1/Th2 deviation. After 7 days of islet transplantation, HE stain of the renal specimens showed that the islets and kidneys were intact in structure, and islet cells numbers are increased in mDCs treated mice. Our studies suggest that DCs expressing CTLA4-Ig fusion protein can induce the immune tolerance to islet graft and prolong the allograft survival through the inhibition of T cell proliferation in allogeneic mice.
    Transplant Immunology 08/2008; 19(3-4):197-201. · 1.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the anti-lymphoproliferative effect of the prepared recombinant chimeric human/murine anti-cluster of differentiation(CD) 71 monoclonal antibody (AbCD71), which is composed of mouse-derived, antigen-binding variable regions and human-derived constant regions. After plasmids construction and transfection, the expression of AbCD71 in the transfectoma supernatant was determined by the sandwich ELISA. Indirect immunofluorescence assay was used to measure the antigen-binding characteristic and the percent CD71-expressed peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). The antibodies were purified from the ascites via diethylaminoethyl(DEAE)-Sephadex A-50 chromatography and then identified by SDS-PAGE. At last, inhibitory effect of AbCD71 on PHA-induced PBMC proliferation was calculated by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT) assay. Constant domain of heavy chain (C(H)) and light chain (C(L)) of AbCD71 were in the human Cgamma family and human Ckappa family, respectively. AbCD71 could compete with its original murine mAb to bind with CD71-positive human leukemia cell line CEM cells. AbCD71 could inhibit the peripheral blood mononuclear cell proliferation induced by phytohemagglutinin(PHA) in vitro in a dose-dependent manner, especially at time-points 0 and 12 h after induction. There was no statistical difference when compared with original murine mAb. The AbCD71 is a promising immunosuppressant. Our approach to blocking CD71 with the chimeric human/murine mAb provides a novel strategy for prolonging allograft survival.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 11/2007; 28(10):1659-64. · 2.35 Impact Factor
  • Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 05/2007; 15(4):299-301.
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    ABSTRACT: To deplete cellular iron uptake, and consequently inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells, we attempt to block surface expression of transferrin receptor (TfR) by intracellular antibody technology. We constructed two expression plasmids (scFv-HAK and scFv-HA) coding for intracellular single-chain antibody against TfR with or without endoplasmic reticulum (ER) retention signal, respectively. Then they were transfected tumor cells MCF-7 by liposome. Applying RT-PCR, Western blotting, immunofluorescence microscopy and immunoelectron microscope experiments, we insure that scFv-HAK intrabody was successfully expressed and retained in ER contrasted to the secreted expression of scFv-HA. Flow cytometric analysis confirmed that the TfR surface expression was markedly decreased approximately 83.4+/-2.5% in scFv-HAK transfected cells, while there was not significantly decrease in scFv-HA transfected cells. Further cell growth and apoptosis characteristics were evaluated by cell cycle analysis, nuclei staining and MTT assay. Results indicated that expression of scFv-HAK can dramatically induce cell cycle G1 phase arrest and apoptosis of tumor cells, and consequently significantly suppress proliferation of tumor cells compared with other control groups. For the first time this study demonstrates the potential usage of anti-TfR scFv-intrabody as a growth inhibitor of TfR overexpressing tumors.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 04/2007; 354(4):864-71. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the induction of T cellular immune responses in BALB/c mice immunized with uric acid and dendritic cells (DCs) pulsed with hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg). DCs were generated from bone-marrow cells of BABL/c mice, and then pulsed or unpulsed with HBsAg protein (HBsAg-pulsed-DCs or unpulsed-DCs) in vitro. BABL/c mice were immunized with HBsAg-pulsed-DCs (1 x 10(6)) and uric acid, injected through the tail vein of each mouse. The mice in control groups were immunized with HBsAg-pulsed-DCs alone, unpulsed-DCs alone or 200 microg uric acid alone or PBS alone. The immunization was repeated 7 d later. Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) in vivo were determined by the CFSE labeled spleen lysis assay. Spleen cells or spleen T cells were isolated, and re-stimulated in vitro with HBsAg for 120 h or 72 h. Production of IFN-gamma and IL-4 secreted by spleen cells were determined by ELISA method; proliferation of spleen T cells were detected by flow cytometry. The cytotoxicities of HBsAg-specific-CTLs, generated after immunization of HBsAg-pulsed-DCs and uric acid, were 68.63% +/- 11.32% and significantly stronger than that in the control groups (P < 0.01). Compared with control groups, in mice treated with uric acid and HBsAg-pulsed-DCs, the spleen T cell proliferation to HBsAg re-stimulation was stronger (1.34 +/- 0.093 vs 1.081 +/- 0.028, P < 0.01), the level of IFN-gamma secreted by splenocytes was higher (266.575 +/- 51.323 vs 135.223 +/- 32.563, P < 0.01) , and IL-4 level was lower (22.385 +/- 2.252 vs 40.598 +/- 4.218, P < 0.01). Uric acid can strongly enhance T cell immune responses induced by HBsAg-pulsed-DCs vaccine. Uric acid may serve as an effective adjuvant of DC vaccine against HBV infection.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2007; 13(7):1060-6. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To screen the severe acute respiratory syndromes (SARS) mimotopes with random phage peptide library and to investigate their immunogenicity. Using SARS sera as selective molecule, a 12 mer phage peptide library was biopanned and positive clones containing the mimic epitopes were selected. The immuno-characteriation of the epitopes were then investigated. 2 positive clones that having specific affinity to SARS sera were obtained. The DNA sequencing data showed no homology between the sequences of the deduced amino acid of the two mimic antigen peptides and the sequence of SARS. SARS mimotopes were obtained by phage peptide library screening. This method might provide a new approach for SARS therapy and vaccine development.
    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 12/2005; 26(11):904-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To identify the scFv antibody fragments specific for hepatocellular carcinoma by biopanning from a large human naive scFv phage display library. A large human naive scFv phage library was used to search for the specific targets by biopanning with the hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 for the positive-selecting and the normal liver cell line L02 for the counter-selecting. After three rounds of biopanning, individual scFv phages binding selectively to HepG2 cells were picked out. PCR was carried out for identification of the clones containing scFv gene sequence. The specific scFv phages were selected by ELISA and flow cytometry. DNA sequences of positive clones were analyzed by using Applied Biosystem Automated DNA sequencers 3 730. The expression proteins of the specific scFv antibody fragments in E.coli HB2151 were purified by the affinity chromatography and detected by SDS-PAGE, Western blot and ELISA. The biological effect of the soluble antibody fragments on the HepG2 cells was investigated by observing the cell proliferation. Two different positive clones were obtained and the functional variable sequences were identified. Their DNA sequences of the scFv antibody fragments were submitted to GenBank (accession nos: AY686498 and AY686499). The soluble scFv antibody fragments were successfully expressed in E.coli HB2151. The relative molecular mass of the expression products was about 36 ku, according to its predicted M(r) value. The two soluble scFv antibody fragments also had specific binding activity and obvious growth inhibition properties to HepG2 cells. The phage library biopanning permits identification of specific antibody fragments for hepatocellular carcinoma and affords experiment evidence for its immunotherapy study.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 08/2005; 11(26):3985-9. · 2.55 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

139 Citations
55.78 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2013
    • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
      Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China
  • 2008
    • Tongji Hospital
      Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China
  • 2003
    • Tongji Medical University
      • Department of Immunology
      Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China