[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently, early detection and early treatment of the colorectal cancer have been enabled by the improvement of endoscopic diagnosis and introduction of new techniques. In Japan, although Japan Polyp Study is running, there is no standard strategy concerning the post-polypectomy colonoscopic surveillance yet. Post-polypectomy colonoscopic surveillance is so far entrusted to each institute or each gastroenterologist at present.
To analyze the present states of the surveillance after polypectomy in Japan, we performed questionary survey and compared them with the results in U.S. and U.S. Multisociety Task Force on colorectal Cancer. A simple random sample of 132 doctors who engaged in a digestive organ disease in plural institutes was obtained.
Many doctors recommend surveillance every around 1 year regardless of the kind of the polyp. Doctors in Japan tend to recommend postpolypectomy colonoscopic surveillance more frequently than that recommended U.S. Multisociety Task Force on colorectal Cancer. Furthermore in all types of polyps except for 12 mm tubular adenoma with high grade dysplasia, the majority of doctors in Japan recommend post-polypectomy colonoscopic surveillance more frequently than American doctors. Significant difference was found in surveillance of hyperplastic polyp among doctors with 1 to 5 years experience and those with more than 6 years.
It has been shown that surveillance intervals varies substantially in each doctor. The agreement of the surveillance program in Japan is necessary to standardize the strategy for the post-polypectomy surveillance of the colon.
The Kobe journal of medical sciences 01/2011; 56(5):E204-13.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The discovery of novel and effective treatment methods would be of great help to patients with acute pancreatitis. The aims of this study were to determine the inhibitory effects of vitamin K3 (VK3) against cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis in mice and to examine the mechanisms behind these effects.
Acute pancreatitis in mice was induced by intraperitoneal injection of cerulein 6 times at hourly intervals. Vitamin K3 was administered once before the first injection of cerulein or twice before and after the first injection of cerulein. The degrees of inflammation and autophagy in the pancreatic tissue were estimated by histological examination, measurement of enzyme activity, confocal microscopy, and Western blotting. The inhibitory effects of VK3 against rapamycin-induced autophagy were also examined using HeLa cells stably expressing green fluorescent protein LC3.
Cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis was markedly attenuated by the administration of VK3. In addition, VK3 led to the inhibition of cerulein-evoked autophagic changes and colocalization of autophagosomes and lysosomes in the pancreatic tissue. Vitamin K3 also reduced rapamycin-induced autophagy in HeLa/green fluorescent protein LC3 cells.
Our data suggest that the administration of VK3 reduces pancreatic inflammation in acute pancreatitis through inhibition of the autophagic pathway. Vitamin K3 may be an effective therapeutic strategy against acute pancreatitis.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently, several new endoscopic instruments have been developed. However, even with the full use of current modalities, the safety of endoscopic surgery is not guaranteed. Information regarding factors such as fibrosis and the blood vessels under the mucosa is very important for avoiding procedure-related complications. The aim of this study was to define the detailed anatomy of the gastric wall structure in vivo using original endoluminal radiofrequency coils for safer endoscopic therapy.
Swine were used as the subjects and controlled with general anesthesia. Anatomical images were obtained with T1-weighted fast spin echo (T1FSE) and T2-weighted fast spin echo (T2FSE). Dynamic magnetic resonance (MR) angiography was also obtained with three-dimensional T1-weighted fast spoiled gradient recalled acquisition in the steady state (3D-DMRA) following the injection of hyaluronic acid sodium into the submucosal layer.
Porcine gastric wall structure was visualized, and four layers were discriminated in the T1FSE and T2FSE images. The vascular structure was clearly recognized in the submucosa on 3D-DMRA.
Endoluminal MR imaging was able to visualize the porcine stomach with similar quality to endoscopic ultrasonography imaging. Additionally, it was possible to visualize the vascular structures in the submucosal layer. This is the first report to show that blood vessels under the gastric mucosa can be depicted in vivo.
Journal of Gastroenterology 06/2010; 45(6):600-7. · 3.79 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Citrobacter rodentium, a murine model pathogen for enteropathogenic Escherichia coli, colonizes the colon utilizing attaching and effacing lesions to adhere specifically to the surfaces of intestinal epithelial cells and cause mucosal inflammation. CD4+ T cells, B cells, and immunoglobulin G (IgG), but not secretory IgA or IgM, play a critical role in eradicating this pathogen. Consistent with the importance of IgG in C. rodentium eradication, IgG transport by the neonatal Fc receptor for IgG within the intestinal epithelium also has a critical role in the regulation of C. rodentium infection. It remains to be determined, however, whether Fcgamma receptors (FcgammaRs), the receptors for the Fc portion of IgG, regulate this bacterial infection within mucosal tissues. Therefore, we investigated the roles of FcgammaRs during C. rodentium infection. Fc receptor common gamma chain (FcRgamma)-deficient mice were more susceptible to C. rodentium-induced colitis. This occurred through decreased efficiency of FcR-mediated endocytosis and maturation of dendritic cells and consequently T-cell activation of antigen-specific T cells. Moreover, in the absence of FcgammaRs, phagocytosis by macrophages was significantly diminished. Therefore, activating FcgammaRs play an important role in defending against C. rodentium infection, indicating that the critical role played by IgG in this infection is not mediated by IgG alone but is dependent upon this class of receptors.
Infection and immunity 05/2008; 76(4):1728-37. · 4.21 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently guidelines for the treatment and prevention of ulcers induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been established. The aim of the present study was to examine factors influencing orthopedists in Japan in the use of cytoprotective drugs to prevent NSAID-associated gastrointestinal adverse events.
We sent a questionnaire to 402 orthopedists in Hyogo Prefecture. A standardized 10-item questionnaire was used to collect information on NSAID prescriptions (drug name, pharmaceutical form, doses, and duration of use) and associated drugs, especially gastroprotective drugs.
Two hundred eight (51.7%) orthopedists returned the questionnaire. The most frequently used NSAIDs, in descending order, were loxoprofen sodium, diclofenac sodium, and etodolac. Most doctors (80%) reported patients with abdominal symptoms associated with NSAIDs. Of these doctors, 59% treated the symptoms by themselves, and prescribed gastroprotective agents (32.2%), histamine H2-receptor antagonists (H2RAs) (26.4%), prostaglandin analogues (PAs) (17.0%), or proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) (16.2%). Sixty-seven percent of doctors reported that those drugs reduced the symptoms. Most orthopedists (96%) prescribed some type of drug to prevent NSAID-associated gastrointestinal events, including gastroprotective drugs (44.6%), H2RAs (19.5%), PAs (17.4%), and PPIs (10.8%). The doctors reported that they prescribed medicines for NSAID-associated gastrointestinal events on the basis of their experience (23%), by considering medical insurance restrictions (17%), and by referring to information provided by pharmaceutical company representatives (16%).
Most orthopedists prescribe some type of drug to prevent NSAID-induced ulcers but do not refer to the guidelines. We therefore strongly recommend that the guidelines be made more widely known to gastroenterologists and to physicians in every field of clinical practice, including orthopedics.
Internal Medicine 02/2007; 46(13):927-31. · 0.97 Impact Factor