Bao-Rong Wang

Peking University Health Science Center, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (19)42.03 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this study, a systematic method was established for the global quality control of Xian-ling-gu-bao capsules (XLGB), a popular six-herb Traditional Chinese Patent Medicine (TCPM) for the treatment of osteoporosis. Both qualitative and quantitative analyses were conducted. In qualitative analysis part, a fast and sensitive method based on high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode-array detection and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-MS(n)) was established for rapid separation and sensitive identification. Samples were separated on a Waters Symmetry C(18) column (250mm×4.6mm, 5μm) by gradient elution using acetonitrile (A) and water-formic acid (B; 0.03%, v/v) as mobile phase at a flow rate of 1.0ml/min. Based on the mass spectra, UV spectra and retention time, 47 compounds were identified or tentatively characterized, including 27 flavonols (all from Epimedii Herba, the major component herb), 4 coumarins, 3 flavonones, 1 chalcone, 3 isoflavones, 1 coumestrol, 3 triterpenoid saponins, 1 iridoid, 3 steroidal saponins, and 1 phenolic acid. Among them, 18 compounds were confirmed by comparing with reference standards. In quantitative analysis part, 10 major compounds in 18 batches of XLGB were simultaneously determined by HPLC/UV detected at 270nm. The method was validated with respect to intra- and inter-day precision, repeatability and stability, with RSD less than 1.0%, 1.5%, 2.9% and 1.8%, respectively. All the 10 analytes showed good linearity in wide linear ranges (r(2)=0.9999), and their average recoveries varied between 97.8% and 104.9%.
    Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis 07/2011; 55(5):923-33. · 2.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fragmentation behavior of diterpenoids was investigated by ESI/MSn and the qualitative analysis of diterpenoids in the bark of Pseudolarix kaempferi was performed using high-performance liquid chromatography/ multi-stage mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI/MSn). The characteristic fragmentation behaviors of the diterpenoids are the cleavages of the lactone ring and C4-O bond. Furthermore, the eliminations of substituent groups at C-18, C-7 and C-8 can also be observed in the MS" (n = 3-4) spectra. For C-4 acetoxy subsititued diterpenoids, [M+Na-60]+ and [M-H-104] are the base peaks of MS2 spectra in the positive and negative ionization modes, respectively. For C-4 hydroxyl subsititued diterpenoids, [M+Na-44]+ and [M-H-62] are the base peaks of MS2 in the positive and negative ionization modes, respectively. For C-18 glucosylated or esterized diterpenoids, [M+Na-44]+ is the base peak of MS2 spectra in positive ionization mode. These fragmentation rules were successfully exploited in the identification of diterpenoids in methanol/water (6:4) extract of P. kaempferi by LC-MS in positive ionization mode. A total of 9 diterpenoids were identified or tentatively characterized, and one of them is reported here for the first time. The described method could be utilized for the sensitive and rapid qualitative analysis of P. kaempferi.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 02/2011; 46(2):213-20.
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    ABSTRACT: Two new dimeric xanthone O-glycosides, puniceasides A (1) and B (2), a new trimeric O-glycoside, puniceaside C (3), and two new trimeric C-glycosides, puniceasides D (4) and E (5), together with 12 known xanthones were isolated from the entire plant of Swertia punicea. The structures of 1-5 were determined by HRESIMS and NMR spectroscopic methods. Compounds 2, 6, and 7 exhibited potent neuroprotective activity against H(2)O(2)-induced PC12 cell damage.
    Journal of Natural Products 08/2010; 73(8):1422-6. · 3.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the chemical constituents of Drynariae Rhizoma, nine phenolic acids were isolated from a 70% ethanol extract by using a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20, and semi-preparative HPLC. By spectroscopic techniques including 1H NMR, 13C NMR, 2D NMR, and HR-ESI-MS, these compounds were identified as 4, 4'-dihydroxy-3, 3'-imino-di-benzoic acid (1), protocatechuic acid (2), gallic acid (3), p-hydroxybenzoic acid (4), (E)-caffeic acid (5), ethyl trans-3, 4-dihydroxycinnamate (6), caffeic acid 4-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (7), p-coumaric acid 4-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (8), and 23(S)-12-O-caffeoyl-12-hydroxyllauric acid glycerol ester (9), separately. Among them, 1 and 9 are new compounds, and 3, 4, and 6 were isolated from Drynaria species for the first time.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 07/2010; 45(7):874-8.
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    ABSTRACT: New TLC, HPLC and LC/MS methods were developed for the rapid separation, characterization and quantitation of thiophenes in Radix Echinopsis, a herbal medicine, which has been used in China for long history. Nineteen commercial batches of this herb were analyzed by TLC and HPLC. Only five batches were derived from correct species. The other 14 batches were identified as its adulterating species, Radix Rhapontici, as they did not contain characteristic thiophenes of Echinopsis species. By LC/MS, 16 thiophenes were identified from the methanol extracts of Radix Echinopsis and Radix Rhapontici according to their fragmentation behaviors in MS/MS. In addition, a fully validated HPLC method was established to determine the contents of alpha-terthienyl in Radix Echinopsis. The contents ranged from 2.7 to 5.2 mg/g for five tested samples. The methods in this paper were simple and reliable, and could be used for the comprehensive quality control of Radix Echinopsis.
    Journal of Separation Science 03/2010; 33(4-5):530-8. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Salvia species have an extensive distribution and a long history of medical use in China. In this study, chemical differences between different Salvia species were thoroughly investigated, and 86 constituents were characterized through a sensitive HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS (n) method. In total, 19 Salvia species were screened. Our study suggested that Ser. Brachylomae, Ser. Digitaloidites, Ser. Castaneae, and Ser. Miltiorrhizae were the sibling series (Ser. is short for series) and that Ser. Brachylomae, Ser. Maximowicziana, and Ser. Campanulatae were unique with regard to their constituents in addition to having componential affinity. This study offered a simple chemotaxonomy approach and a reasonable bioactivity interpretation of Salvia species.
    Planta Medica 08/2009; 75(15):1613-7. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Guan Xin II decoction (GX II) is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula for the treatment of coronary heart diseases. However, the comprehensive chemical analysis of the formulated GX II is not clarified yet. An HPLC-DAD-ESI-MSn method was established to analyze GX II and its five component herbs, respectively. A total of 57 compounds, including phenolic acids, glycosides, flavonoids, and alkaloids were identified or tentatively characterized on the basis of their mass spectra or by comparison with reference standards. This is the first time that the chemical composition of GX II was elucidated by LC/MS. The established method will be used for quality control and pharmacokinetic studies of GX II.
    Planta Medica 12/2008; 74(14):1720-9. · 2.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two new transformed sesquiterpenes of alantolactone by Mucor polymorphosporus were obtained. They were characterized as 3beta-hydroxy-11betaH-eudesm-5-en-8beta,12-olide (2) and 3beta,11alpha-dihydroxy-eudesm-5-en-8beta,12-olide (3), on the basis of spectral methods including 2D NMR. And product 3 was an unusual hydroxylation derivative of alantolactone at C-11.
    Journal of Asian Natural Products Research 11/2008; 10(9-10):933-7. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: From the roots of Saposhnikovia divaricata, three new compounds, divaricataesters A (1), B (2), and C (3) were isolated, along with three known compounds, cimifugin (4), (3S)-2,2-dimethyl-3,5-dihydroxy-8-hydroxymethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H,6H-benzo[1,2-b:5,4-b']dipyran-6-one (5) and 5-hydroxymethyl-furfurol (6). Their structures were established by spectral analysis and comparison with the reported data in literatures.
    Journal of Asian Natural Products Research 11/2008; 10(9-10):971-6. · 0.97 Impact Factor
  • Jian Han, Min Ye, Xue Qiao, Man Xu, Bao-Rong Wang, De-An Guo
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    ABSTRACT: A simple and rapid method has been established for the screening of the main phenolic compounds in Artemisia annua by LC-DAD-ESI-MS(n). A total of 40 phenolic compounds were identified or tentatively characterized in the methanol extract of A. annua, including 8 C-glycosyl flavonoids, 5 O-glycosyl flavonoids, 3 flavonoid aglycones, 21 quinic acid derivatives, 2 benzoicacid glucosides and 1 coumarin. The C-glycosyl flavonoids were reported from A. annua for the first time and they were found to be a new type of main constituents, and might be responsible for its antioxidant and antiviral activity. Quinic acid derivatives were also found to be the major constituents of A. annua.
    Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 08/2008; 47(3):516-25. · 2.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A liquid chromatography-diode array detection-electrospray ionization ion trap mass spectrometry (LC-DAD-ESI-MS(n)) method was established for the analysis of danshensu, caffeic acid, ferulic acid and isoferulic acid in rat plasma, bile, urine and feces after oral administration or intravenous injection. Liquid-liquid extraction was employed for the preparation of biosamples, and the chromatographic separation was carried out using an Agilent Zorbax Extend C(18) reversed phase column and acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid as the mobile phase. Totally nineteen metabolites were detected and identified as prototype, methylated, hydroxylated, sulfated and glucuronized conjugates. The metabolism of the individual phenolic acids in biosamples was investigated, and the metabolic pathway was proposed. By comparing the metabolism of different compounds which shared similar structures, we were able to find that methylation was the main pathway of danshensu metabolism, and the double bond on the side chain was critical for the drug excretion via bile and the formation of glucuronized conjugates. The results proved that the established method was simple, sensitive and reliable, which could be used to detect and identify the structures of metabolites and to better understand their in vivo metabolism.
    Journal of Chromatography B 07/2008; 871(1):7-14. · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, four types of compounds including coumarins, chromones, furoylmethyl amino acid derivative and benzofuran glycoside were isolated from the roots of Saposhnikovia divaricata. The electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectral fragmentation pathways of these compounds were proposed. In particular, the ESI-MS(n) fragmentation behavior of linear dihydrofurocoumarins, dihydrofuro- and dihydropyranochromones were deduced in detail. For the linear dihydrofurocoumarins, the fragmentation was triggered by the initial loss of the C-4' substituting group. Then, the characteristic ions were observed followed by the losses of 15, 18, 28 and 46 Da. It is noteworthy that the elimination of H(2)O (18 Da) from the cleavage of the dihydrofuran ring is reported for the first time. For the linear dihydrofurochromones, characteristic eliminations of 18, 48 and 72 Da were observed. The loss of 18 Da could arise from two different fragmentation pathways, and the observed ion was composed of a mixture of two different structural ions. For the linear dihydropyranochromones, it was found that the dihydropyran ring was converted into the pyran ring by the elimination of the C-3' substituting group. This fragmentation was followed by the diagnostic losses of 18, 28, 42 and 54 Da in tandem mass spectrometry. The above fragmentation rules were successfully applied for the analysis of the chemical constituents of the roots of Saposhnikovia divaricata. A total of 32 compounds were identified or tentatively characterized by HPLC/DAD/ESI-MS(n). Among them, eight compounds were new and seven compounds were reported from that genus for the first time.
    Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 07/2008; 22(12):1899-911. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new method based on HPLC coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) has been established for the analysis of phenolic compounds in Epimedium plants. The characteristic fragmentation pathways of 29 phenolic compounds were studied, and 126 compounds were identified or tentatively characterized based on their mass spectra from fourteen samples including the aerial samples and the underground parts of the seven species. Furthermore, the differences in phenolic compound profiles between different Epimedium plants and two parts of the seven species were reported for the first time. Due to their significant chemical differences, these Epimedium species should be used separately in clinical practice.
    Journal of Chromatography A 06/2008; 1190(1-2):157-81. · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array UV detection-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS) method was developed and validated for the simultaneous analysis of seven major constituents in Cortex Fraxini, including esculin, esculetin, fraxetin, fraxin, escuside, oleuropein and ligustroside. The contents of the seven constituents were determined by using HPLC-DAD, and the chemical structures of these constituents were identified by using HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS method. The separation was performed on an Agilent Zorbax SB-C18 column (250 mm x 4.6 mm i.d., 5 microm) with gradient elution of acetonitrile and 0.3% aqueous acetic acid within 40 min. Detection was performed at 254 nm. The calibration curves showed good linearity (r2>0.9992). The limits of detection (LOD) ranged from 1.07 to 3.19 ng/ml and limits of quantification (LOQ) ranged from 2.79 to 12.75 ng/ml, respectively. The intra- and inter-day precision was less than 5% and the accuracy was ranging from 96.49% to 103.55%. The recovery of the assay was in the range of 97.61-104.36%. The method was successfully applied to the quantification of the seven constituents in different samples of Cortex Fraxini. The results indicated that the developed method could be considered to be a simple, rapid and reliable method for the quality evaluation of Cortex Fraxini.
    Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 05/2008; 47(1):39-46. · 2.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the biotransformation of podophyllotoxin by the cell suspension culture and root culture systems of Rheum palmatum. Using plant tissue culture technology and HPLC techniques to isolate products. The structures were elucidated by spectroscopic means. Cell suspension culture of R. palmatum could convert podophyllotoxin to produce picropodophyllotoxin with the yield of 73.8%, while root culture of R. palmatum could convert podophyllotoxin to produce epipodophyllotoxin and apopodophyllotoxin. Podophyllotoxin did not affect the pH value of the media used in tissue cultures. Both cell suspension culture and root culture of R. palmatum can convert podophyllotoxin.
    Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica 05/2008; 33(9):989-91.
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    ABSTRACT: Flavonoids in the water extract of Carthamus tinctorius L. exhibit potent biological activities such as anti-coagulant, vasodilation, anti-oxidant, neuroprotection and immunosuppressant. A high-performance liquid chromatographic method was established to evaluate the quality of Carthamus tinctorius through a simultaneous quantitation of eight flavonoids, hydroxysafflor yellow A (2), 6-hydroxykaempferol 3,6-di-O-beta-glucoside-7-O-beta-glucuronide (3), 6-hydroxykaempferol 3,6,7-tri-O-beta-glucoside (4), 6-hydroxykaempferol 3-O-beta-rutinoside-6-O-beta-glucoside (6), 6-hydroxykaempferol 3,6-di-O-beta-glucoside (7), 6-hydroxyapigenin 6-O-glucoside-7-O-glucuronide (8), anhydrosafflor yellow B (9), and kaempferol 3-O-beta-rutinoside (10), together with two other compounds named guanosine (1) and syringin (5). Among them, compound 8 was identified as a new compound. The compounds were separated on an Alltech Alltima-C(18) column with gradient elution of acetonitrile and 0.01% trifluoroacetic acid. The detection wavelength was 280 nm. All the compounds showed good linearity (r(2) >or= 0.9989). The recoveries, measured at three concentration levels, varied from 94.9% to 105.2%. This method was also validated with respect to precision, repeatability and accuracy, and was successfully applied to quantify the 10 components in 46 batches of C. tinctorius samples from different areas. Significant variations were found in the contents of these compounds in these samples. Compared with the reported analytical methods of C. tinctorius, this simple and reliable method provided a new basis for overall assessment on quality of C. tinctorius and should be considered as a suitable quality control method.
    Journal of Chromatography A 03/2008; 1216(11):2063-70. · 4.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A systematic study on pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of danshensu (one of the major active components from Salvia miltiorrhizae) is conducted using a rapid and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method. Before HPLC analysis, biological samples are pretreated with a liquid-liquid extraction. Separation of danshensu and internal standard is achieved on an Agilent Zorbax C18 column with a mobile phase made up of acetonitrile and 0.05% trifluoracetic acid at a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min. The calibration curves in plasma and tissues are linear in the given concentration ranges, with r2 no less than 0.99. The intra-day and inter-day relative standard deviations in the measurement of quality control samples are less than 15%, and the accuracies are in the range of 86-115%. The recoveries of danshensu in plasma and tissues are among 80% to 118%. Meanwhile, the multi-peaks in pharmacokinetic profiles are observed. The method is successfully applied to the pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution study of danshensu after a single oral administration of 50.0 mg/kg sodium danshensu to rats.
    Journal of chromatographic science 02/2008; 46(2):184-90. · 1.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to compare the in vivo metabolites of salvianolic acid B (Sal B) between normal rats and antibiotic-treated rats and to clarify the role of intestinal bacteria on the absorption, metabolism and excretion of Sal B. A valid method using LC-MS(n) analysis was established for identification of rat biliary and fecal metabolites. And isolation of normal rat urinary metabolites by repeated column chromatography was applied in this study. Four biliary metabolites and five fecal metabolites in normal rats were identified on the basis of their MS(n) fragmentation patterns. Meanwhile, two normal rat urinary metabolites were firstly identified on the basis of their NMR and MS data. In contrast, no metabolites were detected in antibiotic-treated rat urine and bile, while the prototype of Sal B was found in antibiotic-treated rat feces. The differences of in vivo metabolites between normal rats and antibiotic-treated rats were proposed for the first time. Furthermore, it was indicated that the intestinal bacteria showed an important role on the absorption, metabolism and excretion of Sal B. This investigation provided scientific evidence to infer the active principles responsible for the pharmacological effects of Sal B.
    Journal of Chromatography B 11/2007; 858(1-2):184-98. · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) method for the quality control of Shuang-Huang-Lian oral liquid, an antimicrobial and antipyretic herbal preparation, has been developed. Pure compounds are subjected to tandem mass spectrometry (MS(n)) analysis to clarify their fragmentation rules. Then, the sample of Shuang-Huang-Lian was analyzed by on-line LC-MS(n). A total of 27 compounds, including seven phenylethanoid glycosides, three lignans, seven quinic acids, six saponins and four flavonoids, in the extract of Shuang-Huang-Lian oral liquid have been identified or tentatively characterized. It is expected to develop a comprehensive quality control method of this commonly used herbal preparation.
    Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 06/2007; 44(2):430-8. · 2.83 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

300 Citations
42.03 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2011
    • Peking University Health Science Center
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Peking University
      • School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2008
    • Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
      • Department of Chinese Materia Medica
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China