[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background/Aim. Serrated polyposis syndrome (SPS) is a rare condition characterized by multiple serrated polyps throughout the colon and rectum. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinicopathological characteristics of SPS in Koreans. Methods. This retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data was performed using information from the endoscopy, clinical records, and pathology database system of Uijeongbu St. Mary’s Hospital. Consecutive patients satisfying the updated 2010 World Health Organization criteria for SPS between June 2011 and May 2014 were enrolled. Results. Of the 17,552 patients who underwent colonoscopies during the study period, 11 (0.06%) met the criteria for SPS. The mean age of these patients was 55.6 years. Ten patients (91%) were males. None had a family history of CRC or a first-degree relative with SPS. Seven patients (64%) had synchronous advanced adenoma. One patient had coexistence of SPS with CRC that was diagnosed at the initial colonoscopy. Five patients (45%) had more than 30 serrated polyps. One of the patients underwent surgery and 10 underwent endoscopic resection. Conclusion. The prevalence of SPS in this study cohort was comparable to that in Western populations. Considering the high risk of CRC, correct diagnosis and careful follow-up for SPS are necessary.
Gastroenterology Research and Practice 01/2015; 2015:1-6. DOI:10.1155/2015/842876 · 1.75 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background Small rectal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) can be treated with endoscopic resection. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been accepted as a reliable technique, but it is difficult. We evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of precut and endoscopic mucosal resection (CSI-EMR) for rectal NETs compared to ESD. Methods Patients with rectal NETs were enrolled consecutively. ESD or CSI-EMR was performed at operator’s discretion. Histological and clinical outcomes were measured and compared between the two treatment modalities. Results Thirty-three patients were enrolled in the study. Seventeen NETs were treated by the ESD method and 16 were treated by CSI-EMR. Both groups had similar mean tumor diameters (ESD 7.53 ± 1.94 vs. CSI-EMR 6.63 ± 1.99 mm; p = 0.197). En bloc resection was achieved in 100 % of ESD group and 87.5 % of CSI-EMR group. Lateral margin involvement occurred in one patient in ESD group and two in CSI-EMR group. The histologically complete resection rate was 88.2 % (15 of 17) in the ESD group and 81.2 % (13 of 16) in CSI-EMR group (p = 0.592). One case of perforation occurred in both groups. Delayed bleeding did not occur. None of the measured outcomes were different between the two groups. Operating time was significant shorter in CSI-EMR group than in ESD group (9.69 vs. 20.12 min, respectively; p value = 0.004). Conclusions CSI-EMR results in reliable clinical outcomes for small rectal NETs comparable to those of ESD. CSI-EMR is technically feasible and more time saving.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background/Aim. Hepcidin, an iron regulatory hormone, is increased in response to inflammation and some infections. We investigated the relationships among serum prohepcidin, iron status, Helicobacter pylori infection status, and the presence of gastric mucosal atrophy. Methods. Seventy subjects undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy underwent multiple gastric biopsies, and the possibility of H. pylori infection and the degree of endoscopic and histologic gastritis were investigated. In all subjects, serum prohepcidin and iron parameters were evaluated. Results. No correlations were observed between serum prohepcidin levels and the other markers of anemia, such as hemoglobin, serum iron, ferritin, and total iron binding capacity. Serum prohepcidin levels were not significantly different between the H. pylori-positive group and the H. pylori-negative group. Serum prohepcidin levels in atrophic gastritis patients were significantly lower than those in subjects without atrophic gastritis irrespective of H. pylori infection. Conclusion. Serum prohepcidin levels were not altered by H. pylori infection. Serum prohepcidin levels decrease in patients with atrophic gastritis, irrespective of H. pylori infection. It suggests that hepcidin may decrease due to gastric atrophy, a condition that causes a loss of hepcidin-producing parietal cells. Further investigations with a larger number of patients are necessary to substantiate this point.
Gastroenterology Research and Practice 02/2013; 2013:201810. DOI:10.1155/2013/201810 · 1.75 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Bedside Index for Severity in Acute Pancreatitis (BISAP) in the early prediction of severity and mortality in AP. METHODS: The medical records of all patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) admitted to our institution between January 2008 and July 2010 were reviewed retrospectively. Severe AP was defined as the persistence of organ failure for more than 48 hours. The capacity of the BISAP score to predict severity and death was evaluated using linear-by-linear association. The predictive accuracy of the BISAP and Ranson score was measured as the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). RESULTS: Of 299 consecutive patients, 22 (7.4%) were classified as having severe AP, and 8 (2.7%) died. There were statistically significant trends for increasing severity (P < 0.001) and mortality (P < 0.001) with increasing BISAP. The AUC for severity predicted by BISAP was 0.762 (95% confidence interval, 0.631-0.893) and by Ranson score was 0.804 (0.717-0.892). The AUC for mortality predicted by BISAP was 0.940 (0.863-1.018) and by Ranson score was 0.861 (0.734-0.988). CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed that BISAP is an accurate means of risk stratification in AP within 24 hours of presentation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose
To investigate gastric juice nitrate/nitrite concentration according to mucosal surface pH extent (area) of gastric corpus intimately contacting the gastric juice.
Materials and Methods
We included ninety-nine patients with dyspepsia. To evaluate gastric mucosal surface pH and its extent, gastric chromosocpy was performed by spraying phenol red dye on the corpus mucosa and estimating the extent of area with color changed. Nitrate/nitrite concentrations and pH of gastric juice were measured by ELISA and pH meter, respectively. Silver staining was done to histologically confirm the presence of Helicobacter pylori.
Intragastric nitrate/nitrite concentrations in patients, showing phenol red staining mucosa were higher than those of unstaining mucosa (p=0.001): the more extensive in the area of phenol red staining area of corpus, the higher gastric juice pH found (r=0.692, p<0.001). Furthermore, the intragastric nitrate/nitrite concentrations correlated positively with gastric juice pH (r=0.481, p<0.001).
The changes of mucosal surface pH and its extent in gastric corpus might affect either pH or nitrate/nitrite level of gastric juice.
Yonsei medical journal 11/2012; 53(6):1154-8. DOI:10.3349/ymj.2012.53.6.1154 · 1.26 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of high-dose oral rabeprazole versus high-dose IV PPI on rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of bleeding peptic ulcers. Methods. This was a two-center, prospective, randomized, controlled trial. Patients with a high-risk bleeding peptic ulcer had endoscopic hemostasis and were randomly assigned to the high-dose oral rabeprazole group (20 mg twice daily for 72 hours) or the high-dose IV omeprazole group (80 mg as a bolus injection followed by continuous infusion at 8 mg/h for 72 hours). Results. The study was stopped because of slow enrollment (total n = 106). The rebleeding rates within 3 days were 3.7% (2 of 54 patients) given oral rabeprazole and 1.9% (1 of 52 patients) given IV omeprazole (P = 1.000). The rebleeding rates after 3 days were 1.9% and 0% (P = 1.000), respectively. The surgical intervention rates were 3.7% and 0% (P = 0.495), and the mortality rates were 1.9% and 0% (P = 1.000), respectively. Conclusions. The effect of high-dose oral rabeprazole did not differ significantly from that of high-dose IV omeprazole on rebleeding, surgical intervention, or mortality after endoscopic treatment of bleeding peptic ulcers, but this requires further evaluation.
Gastroenterology Research and Practice 09/2012; 2012:317125. DOI:10.1155/2012/317125 · 1.75 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Alterations of the expression pattern of mucins and trefoil peptides have been described in gastric adenocarcinomas and in their precursor lesions. The aim of this study was to determine the progression patterns of intestinal metaplasia (IM) subtypes by analyzing the expression patterns of TFF1 and MUC5AC in different subtypes of IM of the stomach.
Endoscopic gastric biopsies of the antrum and body were obtained from patients with dyspepsia and endoscopic IM. Alcian blue/periodic acid-Schiff staining and the high iron diamine technique were used to classify the subtypes of IM. Immunoreactivity for MUC5AC and TFF1 was estimated in different types of IM.
IM was detected in 128 samples from 80 patients; type I was found in 48 samples, type II was found in 37 samples, and type III was found in 43 samples. There was a gradual decrease in MUC5AC and TFF1 expression during the progression of IM from type I to type III via the type II intermediate.
This downregulation of MUC5AC and TFF1 expression may challenge the sequential progression of IM from type I to type III via the type II intermediate, and it might be associated with gastric carcinogenesis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recent data from Western populations have suggested that patients with sporadic duodenal adenomas are at a higher risk for the development of colorectal neoplasia. In this study, we compared the frequency of colorectal neoplasia in patients with sporadic duodenal adenomas to healthy control subjects.
This retrospective case-control study used the databases of 3 teaching hospitals in Gyeonggi-do Province, South Korea. The colonoscopy findings of patients with sporadic duodenal adenomas were compared with those of age- and gender-matched healthy individuals who had undergone gastroduodenoscopies and colonoscopies during general screening examinations.
Between 2001 and 2008, 45 patients were diagnosed endoscopically with sporadic duodenal adenomas; 26 (58%) of these patients received colonoscopies. Colorectal neoplasia (42% vs 21%; odds ratio [OR], 2.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1 to 7.4) and advanced colorectal adenoma (19% vs 3%; OR, 9.0; 95% CI, 1.6 to 50.0) were significantly more common in patients with sporadic duodenal adenomas than in healthy control subjects.
Compared with healthy individuals, patients with sporadic duodenal adenomas were at a significantly higher risk for developing colorectal neoplasia. Such at-risk patients should undergo routine screening colonoscopies.
Gut and liver 12/2011; 5(4):432-6. DOI:10.5009/gnl.2011.5.4.432 · 1.49 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine whether the routine closure of mucosal defects after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) can enhance mucosal healing and reduce ESD-associated bleeding.
Patients with gastric epithelial neoplasias and no obvious submucosal invasion were prospectively enrolled. Mucosal defects were left untreated in the control group. In the study group, mucosal closure was attempted with a 2-channel endoscope, a detachable snare, and clips. All participants received a second-look endoscopy the day after ESD, and coagulation therapy was administered to patients with visible vessels and active bleeding points.
Fifty-two patients were enrolled in the study, and 26 patients were assigned to each group. Complete mucosal defect closure occurred in 16 patients (61%) in the study group; incomplete closure occurred in 8 patients (31%) in the study group, and failed closure occurred in 2 patients (8%). Coagulation therapy at the second-look endoscopy was performed more often in the control group than in the study group (31% vs 4%, p=0.024). There were no significant differences in the incidence of immediate or delayed bleeding or in the two-week decrease in hemoglobin between the groups. The prevalence of open ulcers after 8 weeks was significantly lower in the study group than in the control group (18% vs 43%, p=0.012).
Routine mucosal closure after ESD supports earlier healing of artificial ulcers. A larger-scale trial is necessary to determine whether mucosal closure can reduce ESD-associated bleeding.
Gut and liver 12/2011; 5(4):454-9. DOI:10.5009/gnl.2011.5.4.454 · 1.49 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There is an ongoing debate on the relationship between gastric fundic gland polyps and increased incidence of colorectal neoplasia in Caucasians. However, there was no report on the relationship between gastric fundic gland polyp and colorectal neoplasia in Korea. The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics of gastric fundic gland polyps and whether a relationship exists between fundic gland polyps and colorectal neoplasia in Korean population.
Persons who underwent an esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy from 1992 to 2007 at the Health Promotion Center of Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea were reviewed retrospectively. The relationship between gastric fundic gland polyps and colorectal neoplasia were analyzed.
Among 22,451 subjects, fundic gland polyps were found in 328 subjects (1.5%). Fundic gland polyps were more common in women than in men (odds ratio of 6.25; 95% CI of 4.68-8.34). The odds ratios for colorectal neoplasia in all subjects with gastric fundic gland polyps were 0.56 (95% CI of 0.33-0.95) and men who were 50 years of age or older had an odds ratio of 2.81 (95% CI of 1.03-7.66) as compared to the control group. However, age and sex-adjusted odds ratios for all gastric fundic gland polyps were 0.73 (95% CI of 0.42-1.26), for men 1.78 (95% CI of 0.80-3.98), and for women 0.37 (95% CI of 0.16-0.87).
Surveillance colonoscopy in patients with fundic gland polyps can be performed in the same manner as general population in Korea.
The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 07/2011; 58(1):20-4. DOI:10.4166/kjg.2011.58.1.20
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) are associated with a higher migration rate than uncovered SEMSs.
The antimigration property of a novel covered SEMS was investigated in a canine esophageal stricture model.
The new stent (80 mm in length, 20 or 24 mm in diameter) has multiple protuberances on its body that were designed to be separated from the inner silicone membrane so that they could be embedded into the mucosa after deployment. Twenty-two beagle dogs were subjected to circumferential EMR in the middle esophagus for stricture formation. After 2 weeks, conventional covered stents were inserted in a control group (n = 11), and the newly designed covered SEMSs were inserted in a study group (n = 11).
Circumferential EMR of the middle esophagus for stricture formation, followed by endoscopic placement of a conventional or newly designed stent.
Migration, complications, survival, and esophageal histopathology.
There was no significant difference in the diameter of the esophageal stricture between the control and study groups (10 mm vs 11 mm, P = .52). Within 3 days, all stents in the control group had migrated, whereas 6 had migrated in the study group (100% vs 55%, P = .035). There were no significant complications directly associated with stent insertion.
Complications, survival, and esophageal histopathology could not be compared because all of the conventional stents migrated in the control group within 3 days.
The newly designed covered SEMS is more resistant to migration than the conventional covered SEMS.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Revaprazan is a novel acid pump antagonist. The aim of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of revaprazan on gastric acid secretion in healthy male subjects.
In a double-blind, three-way cross-over study, 30 healthy male volunteers were randomized to 100, 150 or 200 mg of oral revaprazan daily for 7 days. Serum gastrin concentration was measured, and 24-h intragastric pH was recorded at baseline and on days 1 and 7 of each administration period. Serial blood samples were processed for pharmacokinetics.
Median intragastric pH over 24 h and mean percentage time that pH was > 4 increased in a dose-dependent manner and were significantly higher on days 1 and 7 compared with baseline in all groups (P < 0.05). The antisecretory effect of revaprazan was rapid and nearly maximal on day 1 in all groups. Serum gastrin levels were rapidly normalized by 100 and 150 mg/day of revaprazan on days 1 and 7, but were significantly higher in the 200 mg/day revaprazan group. The pharmacokinetic effect was rapidly absorbed and eliminated on days 1 and 7 in all groups.
Revaprazan rapidly and effectively inhibits gastric acid secretion in healthy male subjects. Therefore, revaprazan can be used as an effective drug for acid-related disease.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 10/2010; 25(10):1618-25. DOI:10.1111/j.1440-1746.2010.06408.x · 3.63 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: As EBV-associated gastric cancer has unique features that are different from EBV (-) gastric cancer, EBV is considered to have a key role in gastric carcinogenesis. It has been reported that viral latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A) in EBV-transformed tumor cells activates the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway, which provides a survival signal and chemo-resistance to cytotoxic anti-cancer drugs. This study was to evaluate anti-proliferative effect and cell cycle change when 5-FU and LY294002 (LY), a selective inhibitor of PI3K, were treated separately or combined with different schedules in EBV positive gastric cancer cell line, SNU-719.
After single treatment and sequential combination of 5-FU and LY, cytotoxic activity was measured by MTS assay. When 5-FU and LY were treated in single and sequential combinations, the expression of p-AKT, p-NFkB, p-p53 and bcl-2 was observed on different concentrations by Western blot analysis. We also investigated the effect on apoptosis and cell cycle distribution using flow cytometry. The LMP2A siRNA inhibition was done to confirm the reversal of decreased 5-FU activity and p-AKT.
When 5-FU was sequentially combined with LY, the combination index (CI) value indicated synergistic anti-proliferative effect. The expression of p-AKT and p-NF kappaB was upregulated by 5-FU alone but sequential treatment of 5-FU and LY decreased the expression of both p-AKT and p-NF kappaB. When 5-FU was combined with LY, G0/G1 and sub G1 cell population (%) increased. When 5-FU was added to the cells transfected with LMP2A siRNA, its anti-proliferative effect increased and the expression of p-AKT decreased. In sequential combination of 5-FU and LY, the expression of p-p53 was increased and bcl-2 expression was diminished compared to 5-FU alone.
These data suggest that sequential combination of 5-FU and LY induce synergistic cytotoxicity and overcome intrinsic and acquired resistance of 5-FU via downregulation of activated p-AKT and mitochondria-dependent apoptosis in EBV gastric cancer cell line, SNU-719.
BMC Cancer 08/2010; 10(1):425. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-10-425 · 3.32 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present study investigated characteristics of 24 parasite infection cases detected during colonoscopy in a regional hospital from January 2001 to December 2008. Sixteen patients were confirmed with Trichuris trichiura infection, 6 patients were with Ascaris lumbricoides infection, 1 patient with Enterobius vermicularis infection, and 1 patient with Anisakis infection. Among them, 7 patients (43.8%) were asymptomatic. Colonoscopy findings were normal in 18 patients (75.0%). Among the patients with T. trichiura infection, colonoscopy showed several erosions in 2 patients (8.3%) and non-specific inflammation of the affected segment of the colon in 3 patients (12.5%). In 1 patient with anisakiasis, colonoscopy revealed a markedly swollen colonic wall. Stool examinations were performed before treatment in 7 patients (29.2%) and were all negative for parasite eggs or worms. These results suggest that colonoscopy is a useful diagnostic approach for parasitic infections even for asymptomatic patients and for patients with negative stool examinations.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology 03/2010; 48(1):75-8. DOI:10.3347/kjp.2010.48.1.75 · 0.97 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although colorectal adenoma is reported to recur frequently, this may result from missing it at baseline. However, few studies of recurrence have considered the miss rate. This study evaluated the recurrence rate prospectively and clinical predictors of recurrence in colorectal adenoma after lowering the miss rate.
The study population comprised 128 patients who underwent baseline colonoscopy with resection of colorectal adenomas. Re-examination to lower the miss rate was performed within 2 months. Follow-up colonoscopy to detect recurrence was done more than 1 year after removal.
The mean follow-up period was 35.1 months (range, 12 to 84 months). Thirty patients had a recurrent adenoma, for a recurrence rate of 23.4%. Older patients (over 60 years) had a two-fold greater risk of recurrence than younger patients (hazard ratio, 2.39; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.16-4.90). Patients with three or four adenomas at baseline colonoscopy had a two-fold greater risk than those with one adenoma (hazard ratio, 2.44; 95% CI, 1.11-5.35). Patients with advanced adenoma had a two-fold greater risk than those with no advanced adenoma (hazard ratio, 2.88; 95% CI, 1.40-5.95). In multivariate analysis, only the presence of three or four adenomas independently predicted the recurrence of adenoma (hazard ratio, 3.19; 95% CI, 1.04-9.79).
The recurrence rate of colorectal adenoma corrected by lowering the miss rate was lower than reported rates. The presence of multiple adenomas on initial colonoscopy was an important predictor of recurrence.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 10/2009; 24(3):196-202. DOI:10.3904/kjim.2009.24.3.196
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate whether percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement is safe in patients with ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts.
This was a retrospective study of all patients undergoing PEG insertion at our institution between June 1999 and June 2006. Post-PEG complications were compared between two groups according to the presence or absence of VP shunts. VP shunt infection rates, the interval between PEG placement and VP shunt catheter insertion, and long-term follow-up were also investigated.
Fifty-five patients qualified for the study. Seven patients (12.7%) had pre-existing VP shunts. All patients received prophylactic antibiotics. The complication rate did not differ between VP shunt patients undergoing PEG (PEG/VP group) and non-VP shunt patients undergoing PEG (control group) [1 (14.3%) vs 6 (12.5%), P = 1.000]. All patients in the PEG/VP group had undergone VP shunt insertion prior to PEG placement. The mean interval between VP shunt insertion and PEG placement was 308.7 d (range, 65-831 d). The mean follow-up duration in the PEG/VP group was 6.4 mo (range, 1-15 mo). There were no VP shunt infections, although one patient in the PEG/VP group developed a minor peristomal infection during follow-up.
Complications following PEG placement in patients with VP shunts were infrequent in this study.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 08/2009; 15(25):3148-52. · 2.43 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Techniques for endoscopic evaluation of gastrointestinal subepithelial lesions include conventional endoscopy, jumbo biopsy, endoscopic ultrasonogrphy (EUS), EUS-guided fine needle aspiration, and endoscopic submucosal resection. However, these procedures have many limitations, such as low diagnostic yields and high complication rates. We therefore evaluated the diagnostic yield for tissue sampling of incidental subepithelial lesions using the bite-on-bite technique.
One hundred and forty subepithelial lesions were found in 129 patients during conventional diagnostic esophagogastroduodenoscopy by one examiner from October 2003 to November 2004. Bite-on-bite biopsies with conventional-sized forceps were taken from 36 patients having 37 lesions that did not appear to be hypervascular or to have a thick overlying epithelium. Two to eight bites were performed to obtain submucosal tissue for one lesion.
The bite-on-bite technique was diagnostic in 14 of the 37 lesions (38%). Blood oozing for more than 30 seconds occurred in five cases, but was easily controlled by epinephrine injection (2 cases) or hemoclip (3 cases). The diagnostic yield tended to be higher in the esophagus than in the stomach and duodenum (54% vs. 28%, p=0.109).
The bite-on-bite technique for subepithelial lesions is an effective and safe method in selected cases. This technique may be useful for incidental subepithelial lesions, especially those of the esophagus, except for ones with a high risk of bleeding or thick overlying epithelium.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 07/2009; 24(2):101-5. DOI:10.3904/kjim.2009.24.2.101