Nina Jones

University of Guelph, XIA, Ontario, Canada

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Publications (33)285.19 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Development of the cardiovascular system is critically dependent on the ability of endothelial cells (ECs) to reorganize their intracellular actin architecture to facilitate migration, adhesion and morphogenesis. Nck family cytoskeletal adaptors function as key mediators of actin dynamics in numerous cell types, though their role in EC biology remains largely unexplored. Here, we demonstrate an essential requirement for Nck within ECs. Mouse embryos lacking endothelial Nck1/2 expression develop extensive angiogenic defects that result in lethality around embryonic day 10. Mutant embryos show immature vascular networks, with decreased vessel branching, aberrant perivascular cell recruitment and reduced cardiac trabeculation. Strikingly, embryos deficient in endothelial Nck also fail to undergo the endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EnMT) required for cardiac valve morphogenesis, with loss of Nck disrupting expression of major EnMT markers, as well as suppressing mesenchymal outgrowth. Furthermore, we show that Nck-null ECs are unable to migrate downstream of vascular endothelial growth factor and Angiopoietin-1, and they exhibit profound perturbations in cytoskeletal patterning, with disorganized cellular projections, impaired focal adhesion turnover and disrupted actin-based signaling. Our collective findings thereby reveal a crucial role for Nck as a master regulator within the endothelium to control actin cytoskeleton organization, vascular network remodeling and EnMT during cardiovascular development. Copyright © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
    Molecular and Cellular Biology 02/2015; 35(9). DOI:10.1128/MCB.00072-15 · 5.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nephrin, a critical podocyte membrane component that is reduced in diabetic nephropathy, has been shown to activate phosphotyrosine signaling pathways in human podocytes. Nephrin signaling is important to reduce cell death induced by apoptotic stimuli. We have previously shown that high glucose level exposure and diabetes increased the expression of SHP-1 causing podocyte apoptosis. SHP-1 possesses two SH2 domains that serve as docking elements to dephosphorylate tyrosine residues of target proteins. However, it remains unknown if SHP-1 interacts with nephrin and whether its elevated expression affects nephrin phosphorylation state in diabetes. Here we show that human podocytes exposed to high glucose levels exhibited elevated expression of SHP-1, which was associated with nephrin. Co-expression of nephrin-CD16 and SHP-1 reduced nephrin tyrosine phosphorylation in transfected human embryonic kidney 293 cells. Single tyrosine to phenylalanine mutation revealed that rat nephrin Tyr1127 and Tyr1152 are required to allow SHP-1 interaction with nephrin. Overexpression of dominant negative SHP-1 in human podocytes prevented high glucose-induced reduction of nephrin phosphorylation. In vivo, immunoblot analysis demonstrated that nephrin expression and phosphorylation were decreased in glomeruli of type 1 diabetic Akita mice (Ins2(+/C96Y)) compared to control littermate mice (Ins2(+/+)), and this was associated with elevated SHP-1 and cleaved caspase-3 expression. Furthermore, immunofluorescence analysis indicated increased co-localization of SHP-1 with nephrin in diabetic mice compared to control littermates. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that high glucose exposure increases SHP-1 interaction with nephrin causing decreased nephrin phosphorylation, which may in turn contribute to diabetic nephropathy. Copyright © 2014, The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 11/2014; 290(1). DOI:10.1074/jbc.M114.612721 · 4.57 Impact Factor
  • Laura A New · Claire E Martin · Nina Jones
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    ABSTRACT: The podocyte slit diaphragm is a fundamental component of the glomerular filtration barrier and its function is highly dependent on the maintenance of specialized actin-based projections known as foot processes. In this review, we update the function of key slit diaphragm-associated proteins, and introduce some new players and emerging avenues of research within podocyte biology.
    Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension 05/2014; 23(4). DOI:10.1097/01.mnh.0000447018.28852.b6 · 4.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Proto-oncogenic Shc proteins have been considered archetypal adaptors of EGFR-mediated signaling. We now report that in addition to its role as an EGFR binding partner and Grb2 platform, ShcD acts non-canonically to promote phosphorylation of select EGFR residues. Unexpectedly, Y1068, Y1148, and Y1173 are subject to ShcD-induced, cell-autonomous hyperphosphorylation in the absence of external stimuli. This response is not elicited by other Shc proteins and requires the intrinsic EGFR kinase as well as the ShcD PTB domain. Assessments of Erk, Akt, PLC1γ, and FAK pathways reveal no apparent distal signaling targets of ShcD. Nevertheless, the capacity of cultured cells to repopulate a wounded monolayer is markedly accelerated by ShcD in an EGFR-kinase dependent manner. Furthermore, detection of overexpressed ShcD coincident with EGFR phosphorylation in human gliomas suggests a clinical application for these findings. We thus demonstrate unique and relevant synergy between ShcD and EGFR that is unprecedented among signaling adaptors.
    Molecular biology of the cell 01/2014; 25(6). DOI:10.1091/mbc.E13-08-0434 · 5.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The classic myelin basic protein (MBP) family of central nervous system (CNS) myelin arises from transcription start site 3 of the Golli (gene of oligodendrocyte lineage) complex and comprises splice isoforms ranging in nominal molecular mass from 14 kDa to (full-length) 21.5 kDa. We have determined here a number of distinct functional differences between the major 18.5-kDa and minor 21.5-kDa isoforms of classic MBP with respect to oligodendrocyte (OLG) proliferation. We have found that, in contrast to 18.5-kDa MBP, 21.5-kDa MBP increases proliferation of early developmental immortalized N19-OLGs by elevating the levels of phosphorylated ERK1/2 and Akt1 kinases and of ribosomal protein S6. Coculture of N2a neuronal cells with N19-OLGs transfected with the 21.5-kDa isoform (or conditioned medium from), but not the 18.5-kDa isoform, caused the N2a cells to have increased neurite outgrowth and process branching complexity. These roles were dependent on subcellular localization of 21.5-kDa MBP to the nucleus and on the exon II-encoded segment, suggesting that the nuclear localization of early minor isoforms of MBP may play a crucial role in regulating and/or initiating myelin and neuronal development in the mammalian CNS. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Neuroscience Research 03/2013; 91(3). DOI:10.1002/jnr.23166 · 2.73 Impact Factor
  • Laura A New · Ava Keyvani Chahi · Nina Jones
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    ABSTRACT: The transmembrane protein nephrin is a key component of the kidney slit diaphragm that contributes to the morphology of podocyte foot processes through signaling to the underlying actin cytoskeleton. We have recently reported that tyrosine phosphorylation of the cytoplasmic tail of nephrin facilitates recruitment of Nck SH2/SH3 adaptor proteins and subsequent actin remodeling, and that phosphorylation of the Nck binding sites on nephrin is decreased during podocyte injury. We now demonstrate that Nck directly modulates nephrin phosphorylation through formation of a signaling complex with the Src family kinase (SFK) Fyn. The ability of Nck to enhance nephrin phosphorylation is compromised in the presence of the SFK inhibitor PP2, and when the SH3 domains of Nck are mutated. Furthermore, induced loss of Nck expression in podocytes in vivo is associated with a rapid reduction in nephrin tyrosine phosphorylation. Our results suggest that Nck may facilitate dynamic signaling events at the slit diaphragm by promoting Fyn-dependent phosphorylation of nephrin, which may be important in the regulation of foot process morphology and response to podocyte injury.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 11/2012; 288. DOI:10.1074/jbc.M112.439463 · 4.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vascular endothelial growth factor and its receptors, FLK1/KDR and FLT1, are key regulators of angiogenesis. Unlike FLK1/KDR, the role of FLT1 has remained elusive. FLT1 is produced as soluble (sFLT1) and full-length isoforms. Here, we show that pericytes from multiple tissues produce sFLT1. To define the biologic role of sFLT1, we chose the glomerular microvasculature as a model system. Deletion of Flt1 from specialized glomerular pericytes, known as podocytes, causes reorganization of their cytoskeleton with massive proteinuria and kidney failure, characteristic features of nephrotic syndrome in humans. The kinase-deficient allele of Flt1 rescues this phenotype, demonstrating dispensability of the full-length isoform. Using cell imaging, proteomics, and lipidomics, we show that sFLT1 binds to the glycosphingolipid GM3 in lipid rafts on the surface of podocytes, promoting adhesion and rapid actin reorganization. sFLT1 also regulates pericyte function in vessels outside of the kidney. Our findings demonstrate an autocrine function for sFLT1 to control pericyte behavior.
    Cell 10/2012; 151(2):384-99. DOI:10.1016/j.cell.2012.08.037 · 33.12 Impact Factor
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    Melanie K B Wills · Nina Jones
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    ABSTRACT: Shc (Src homology and collagen homology) proteins are considered prototypical signalling adaptors in mammalian cells. Consisting of four unique members, ShcA, B, C and D, and multiple splice isoforms, the family is represented in nearly every cell type in the body, where it engages in an array of fundamental processes to transduce environmental stimuli. Two decades of investigation have begun to illuminate the mechanisms of the flagship ShcA protein, whereas much remains to be learned about the newest discovery, ShcD. It is clear, however, that the distinctive modular architecture of Shc proteins, their promiscuous phosphotyrosine-based interactions with a multitude of membrane receptors, involvement in central cascades including MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) and Akt, and unconventional contributions to oxidative stress and apoptosis all require intricate regulation, and underlie diverse physiological function. From early cardiovascular development and neuronal differentiation to lifespan determination and tumorigenesis, Shc adaptors have proven to be more ubiquitous, versatile and dynamic than their structures alone suggest.
    Biochemical Journal 10/2012; 447(1):1-16. DOI:10.1042/BJ20120769 · 4.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rho family GTPases are molecular switches best known for their pivotal role in dynamic regulation of the actin cytoskeleton. The prototypic members of this family are Cdc42, Rac1, and RhoA; these GTPases contribute to the breakdown of glomerular filtration and the resultant proteinuria, but their functions in normal podocyte physiology remain poorly understood. Here, mice lacking Cdc42 in podocytes developed congenital nephropathy and died as a result of renal failure within 2 weeks after birth. In contrast, mice lacking Rac1 or RhoA in podocytes were overtly normal and lived to adulthood. Kidneys from Cdc42-mutant mice exhibited protein-filled microcysts with hallmarks of collapsing glomerulopathy, as well as extensive effacement of podocyte foot processes with abnormal junctional complexes. Furthermore, we observed aberrant expression of several podocyte markers and cell polarity proteins in the absence of Cdc42, indicating a disruption of the slit diaphragm. Kidneys from Rac1- and RhoA-mutant mice, however, had normal glomerular morphology and intact foot processes. A nephrin clustering assay suggested that Cdc42 deficiency, but not Rac1 or RhoA deficiency, impairs the polymerization of actin at sites of nephrin aggregates. Taken together, these data highlight the physiological importance of Cdc42, but not Rac1 or RhoA, in establishing podocyte architecture and glomerular function.
    Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 04/2012; 23(7):1149-54. DOI:10.1681/ASN.2011121206 · 9.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The developmentally regulated myelin basic proteins (MBPs), which arise from the golli (gene of oligodendrocyte lineage) complex, are highly positively charged, intrinsically disordered, multifunctional proteins having several alternatively spliced isoforms and posttranslational modifications, and they play key roles in myelin compaction. The classic 18.5-kDa MBP isoform has a proline-rich region comprising amino acids 92-99 (murine sequence -T(92)PRTPPPS(99)-) that contains a minimal SH3 ligand domain. We have previously shown that 18.5-kDa MBP binds to several SH3 domains, including that of Fyn, a member of the Src family of tyrosine kinases involved in a number of signaling pathways during CNS development. To determine the physiological role of this binding as well as the role of phosphorylation of Thr92 and Thr95, in the current study we have produced several MBP variants specifically targeting phosphorylation sites and key structural regions of MBP's SH3 ligand domain. Using isothermal titration calorimetry, we have demonstrated that, compared with the wild-type protein, these variants have lower affinity for the SH3 domain of Fyn. Moreover, overexpression of N-terminal-tagged GFP versions in immortalized oligodendroglial N19 and N20.1 cell cultures results in aberrant elongation of membrane processes and increased branching complexity and inhibits the ability of MBP to decrease Ca(2+) influx. Phosphorylation of Thr92 can also cause MBP to traffic to the nucleus, where it may participate in additional protein-protein interactions. Coexpression of MBP with a constitutively active form of Fyn kinase resulted in membrane process elaboration, a phenomenon that was abolished by point amino acid substitutions in MBP's SH3 ligand domain. These results suggest that MBP's SH3 ligand domain plays a key role in intracellular protein interactions in vivo and may be required for proper membrane elaboration of developing oligodendrocytes and, further, that phosphorylation of Thr92 and Thr95 can regulate this function.
    Journal of Neuroscience Research 01/2012; 90(1):28-47. DOI:10.1002/jnr.22733 · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Notch signaling in podocytes causes proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis in humans and rodents, but the underlying mechanism remains unknown. Here, we analyzed morphologic, molecular, and cellular events before the onset of proteinuria in newborn transgenic mice that express activated Notch in podocytes. Immunohistochemistry revealed a loss of the slit diaphragm protein nephrin exclusively in podocytes expressing activated Notch. Podocyte-specific deletion of Rbpj, which is essential for canonical Notch signaling, prevented this loss of nephrin. Overexpression of activated Notch decreased cell surface nephrin and increased cytoplasmic nephrin in transfected HEK293T cells; pharmacologic inhibition of dynamin, but not depletion of cholesterol, blocked these effects on nephrin, suggesting that Notch promotes dynamin-dependent, raft-independent endocytosis of nephrin. Supporting an association between Notch signaling and nephrin trafficking, electron microscopy revealed shortened podocyte foot processes and fewer slit diaphragms among the transgenic mice compared with controls. These data suggest that Notch signaling induces endocytosis of nephrin, thereby triggering the onset of proteinuria.
    Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 11/2011; 23(1):27-35. DOI:10.1681/ASN.2011010027 · 9.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glomerular podocytes are critical for the barrier function of the glomerulus in the kidney and their dysfunction causes protein leakage into the urine (proteinuria). Nephrin is a key podocyte protein, which regulates the actin cytoskeleton via tyrosine phosphorylation of its cytoplasmic domain. Here we report that two protein tyrosine phosphatases, PTP1B and PTP-PEST negatively regulate nephrin tyrosine phosphorylation. PTP1B directly binds to and dephosphorylates nephrin, while the action of PTP-PEST is indirect. The two phosphatases are also upregulated in the glomerulus in the rat model of puromycin aminonucleoside nephrosis. Both overexpression and inhibition of PTP1B deranged the actin cytoskeleton in cultured mouse podocytes. Thus, protein tyrosine phosphatases may affect podocyte function via regulating nephrin tyrosine phosphorylation.
    10/2011; 2011(2090-1739):376543. DOI:10.1155/2011/376543
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    ABSTRACT: Proper organization of the actin cytoskeleton is essential for the normal structure and function of podocytes. RhoA modulates actin dynamics but its role in podocyte biology is controversial. Here, we generated transgenic mice that express a constitutively active form of RhoA in a podocyte-specific and doxycycline-inducible manner. Induction of activated RhoA with doxycycline resulted in significant albuminuria. Furthermore, both the degree of albuminuria and the histologic changes in the glomerulus positively correlated with the level of constitutively active RhoA expression: low levels of expression associated with segmental foot-process effacement without changes observable by light microscopy, whereas higher levels of expression associated with both extensive foot-process effacement and histologic features of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). In addition, induction of activated RhoA markedly upregulated glomerular mRNA expression of fibronectin and collagen IA1, and the degree of upregulation positively correlated with the level of albuminuria. Withdrawal of doxycycline led to a decline in albuminuria toward basal levels in most mice, but heavy albuminuria persisted in some mice. Taken together, these data suggest that activation of RhoA in podocytes leads to albuminuria accompanied by a range of histologic changes characteristic of minimal change disease and FSGS in humans. Although most changes are reversible, severe and prolonged activation of RhoA may cause irreversible glomerulosclerosis.
    Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 07/2011; 22(9):1621-30. DOI:10.1681/ASN.2010111146 · 9.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although tyrosine kinases (TKs) are important for cardiac function, their relevant downstream targets in the adult heart are unknown. The ShcA docking protein binds specific phosphotyrosine (pTyr) sites on activated TKs through its N-terminal pTyr-binding (PTB) and C-terminal SH2 domains and stimulates downstream pathways through motifs such as pTyr sites in its central CH1 region. Therefore, ShcA could be a potential hub for downstream TK signaling in the myocardium. To define the role of ShcA, a TK scaffold, in the adult heart using a myocardial-specific knockout of murine ShcA (ShcA CKO) and domain knock-in models. ShcA CKO mice developed a dilated cardiomyopathy phenotype involving impaired systolic function with enhanced cardiomyocyte contractility. This uncoupling of global heart and intrinsic myocyte functions was associated with altered collagen and extracellular matrix compliance properties, suggesting disruption of mechanical coupling. In vivo dissection of ShcA signaling properties revealed that selective inactivation of the PTB domain in the myocardium had effects resembling those seen in ShcA CKO mice, whereas disruption of the SH2 domain caused a less severe cardiac phenotype. Downstream signaling through the CH1 pTyr sites was dispensable for baseline cardiac function but necessary to prevent adverse remodeling after hemodynamic overload. These data demonstrate a requirement for TK-ShcA PTB domain signaling to maintain cardiac function. In addition, analysis of the SH2 domain and CH1 pTyr sites reveals that ShcA mediates pTyr signaling in the adult heart through multiple distinct signaling elements that control myocardial functions and response to stresses.
    Circulation Research 02/2011; 108(2):184-93. DOI:10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.110.233924 · 11.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Src homology and collagen (Shc) proteins function as molecular adaptors in signaling pathways mediated by a variety of cell surface receptors. Of the four mammalian Shc proteins, ShcD is the least characterized. To this end, ShcD expression was documented and compared to that of other Shc family proteins. In the developing mouse embryo, expression of ShcD overlaps with that of other Shc proteins in the central nervous system, with specific distribution in post-mitotic neurons. In addition, robust ShcD expression is seen within differentiated epithelial cells of several organs, as well as in skeletal and cardiac muscle, and various tissues of neural crest origin. Interestingly, all Shc family members are expressed in hypertrophic chondrocytes, the first report of Shc protein expression in the developing skeleton. The unique tissue distribution patterns of Shc proteins likely contribute to their complex tissue-specific signaling functions during embryogenesis.
    Developmental Dynamics 01/2011; 240(1):221-31. DOI:10.1002/dvdy.22506 · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ability to genetically remove specific components of various cell signalling cascades has been an integral tool in modern signal transduction analysis. One particular method to achieve this conditional deletion is via the use of the Cre-loxP system. This method involves flanking the gene of interest with loxP sites, which are specific recognition sequences for the Cre recombinase protein. Exposure of the so-called floxed (flanked by loxP site) DNA to this enzyme results in a Cre-mediated recombination event at the loxP sites, and subsequent excision of the intervening gene. Several different methods exist to administer Cre recombinase to the site of interest. In this video, we demonstrate the use of an adenovirus containing the Cre recombinase gene to infect primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) obtained from embryos containing a floxed Rac1 allele. Our rationale for selecting Rac1 MEFs for our experiments is that clear morphological changes can be seen upon deletion of Rac1, due to alterations in the actin cytoskeleton. 72 hours following viral transduction and Cre expression, cells were stained using the actin dye phalloidin and imaged using confocal laser scanning microscopy. It was observed that MEFs which had been exposed to the adeno-Cre virus appeared contracted and elongated in morphology compared to uninfected cells, consistent with previous reports. The adenovirus method of Cre recombinase delivery is advantageous as the adeno-Cre virus is easily available, and gene deletion via Cre in nearly 100% of the cells can be achieved with optimized adenoviral infection.
    Journal of Visualized Experiments 09/2010; DOI:10.3791/2160 · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Within the glomerulus, the scaffolding protein nephrin bridges the actin-rich foot processes that extend from adjacent podocytes to form the slit diaphragm. Mutations affecting a number of slit diaphragm proteins, including nephrin, cause glomerular disease through rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton and disruption of the filtration barrier. We recently established that the Nck family of Src homology 2 (SH2)/SH3 cytoskeletal adaptor proteins can mediate nephrin-dependent actin reorganization. Formation of foot processes requires expression of Nck in developing podocytes, but it is unknown whether Nck maintains podocyte structure and function throughout life. Here, we used an inducible transgenic strategy to delete Nck expression in adult mouse podocytes and found that loss of Nck expression rapidly led to proteinuria, glomerulosclerosis, and altered morphology of foot processes. We also found that podocyte injury reduced phosphorylation of nephrin in adult kidneys. These data suggest that Nck is required to maintain adult podocytes and that phosphotyrosine-based interactions with nephrin may occur in foot processes of resting, mature podocytes.
    Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 06/2009; 20(7):1533-43. DOI:10.1681/ASN.2009010056 · 9.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have analyzed the means by which the Nck family of adaptor proteins couples adhesion proteins to actin reorganization. The nephrin adhesion protein is essential for the formation of actin-based foot processes in glomerular podocytes. The clustering of nephrin induces its tyrosine phosphorylation, Nck recruitment, and sustained localized actin polymerization. Any one of three phosphorylated (p)YDXV motifs on nephrin is sufficient to recruit Nck through its Src homology 2 (SH2) domain and induce localized actin polymerization at these clusters. Similarly, Nck SH3 mutants in which only the second or third SH3 domain is functional can mediate nephrin-induced actin polymerization. However, combining such nephrin and Nck mutants attenuates actin polymerization at nephrin-Nck clusters. We propose that the multiple Nck SH2-binding motifs on nephrin and the multiple SH3 domains of Nck act cooperatively to recruit the high local concentration of effectors at sites of nephrin activation that is required to initiate and maintain actin polymerization in vivo. We also find that YDXV motifs in the Tir protein of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli and nephrin are functionally interchangeable, indicating that Tir reorganizes the actin cytoskeleton by molecular mimicry of nephrin-like signaling. Together, these data identify pYDXV/Nck signaling as a potent and portable mechanism for physiological and pathological actin regulation.
    Molecular and Cellular Biology 04/2008; 28(6):2035-46. DOI:10.1128/MCB.01770-07 · 5.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Shc family proteins serve as phosphotyrosine adaptor molecules in various receptor-mediated signaling pathways. In mammals, three distinct Shc genes have been described that encode proteins characterized by two phosphotyrosine-interaction modules, an amino-terminal phosphotyrosine binding (PTB) domain and a carboxy-terminal Src homology 2 domain. Here, we report the analysis of an uncharacterized fourth Shc family protein, ShcD/Shc4, that is expressed in adult brain and skeletal muscle. Consistent with this expression pattern, we find that ShcD can associate via its PTB domain with the phosphorylated muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) receptor tyrosine kinase and undergo tyrosine phosphorylation downstream of activated MuSK. Interestingly, additional sites of tyrosine phosphorylation, including a novel Grb2 binding site, are present on ShcD that are not found in other Shc family proteins. Activation of MuSK upon agrin binding at the neuromuscular junction (NMJ) induces clustering and tyrosine phosphorylation of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) required for synaptic transmission. ShcD is coexpressed with MuSK in the postsynaptic region of the NMJ, and in cultured myotubes stimulated with agrin, expression of ShcD appears to be important for early tyrosine phosphorylation of the AChR. Thus, we have characterized a new member of the Shc family of docking proteins, which may mediate a specific aspect of signaling downstream of the MuSK receptor.
    Molecular and Cellular Biology 08/2007; 27(13):4759-73. DOI:10.1128/MCB.00184-07 · 5.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Modular interaction domains that recognize peptide motifs in target proteins can impart selectivity in signaling pathways. Phosphotyrosine binding (PTB) domains are components of cytoplasmic docking proteins that bind cell surface receptors through NPXY motifs. We have employed a library of human proteome-derived NXXY sequences to explore PTB domain specificity and function. SPOTS peptide arrays were used to create a comprehensive matrix of receptor motifs that were probed with a set of 10 diverse PTB domains. This approach confirmed that individual PTB domains have selective and distinct recognition properties and provided a means to explore over 2,500 potential PTB domain-NXXY interactions. The results correlated well with previously known associations between full-length proteins and predicted novel interactions, as well as consensus binding data for specific PTB domains. Using the Ret, MuSK, and ErbB2 receptor tyrosine kinases, we show that interactions of these receptors with PTB domains predicted to bind by the NXXY arrays do occur in cells. Proteome-based peptide arrays can therefore identify networks of receptor interactions with scaffold proteins that may be physiologically relevant.
    Molecular and Cellular Biology 12/2006; 26(22):8461-74. DOI:10.1128/MCB.01491-06 · 5.04 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
285.19 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2015
    • University of Guelph
      • Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology
      XIA, Ontario, Canada
  • 2003–2011
    • Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 2008
    • McGill University
      • Department of Microbiology and Immunology
      Montréal, Quebec, Canada
  • 1998–2006
    • University of Toronto
      • • Department of Molecular Genetics
      • • Department of Medical Biophysics
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 2005
    • Molecular and Cellular Biology Program
      Seattle, Washington, United States