Hiroyuki Sonegawa

Okayama University, Okayama, Okayama, Japan

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Publications (10)60.53 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Dickkopf (Dkk) family members are known as Wnt modulators involved in the development, cell growth/differentiation and cancer. REIC/Dkk-3, which does not interfere with Wnt signalling, has been proposed to be a tumor suppressor gene, but its physiological function has remained unclear. In this study, we analysed the expression of REIC/Dkk-3 in normal interfollicular epidermis (IFE) and hyperproliferative epidermis. REIC/Dkk-3 was expressed in human and mouse IFE, being localized at the interface of upper spinous layer and granular layer. Skin cancer cell lines lost REIC/Dkk-3 expression as reported previously. When we analysed patient samples, REIC/Dkk-3 expression was down-regulated in the hyperproliferative epidermis including skin cancers and non-cancerous proliferative diseases. REIC/Dkk-3 expression was also suppressed in the regenerative and inflammative epidermis of model mice. These findings will certainly contribute to the extension of studies on REIC/Dkk-3.
    Experimental Dermatology 03/2011; 20(3):273-7. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: S100A8 and S100A9 are known to be up-regulated in hyperproliferative and psoriatic epidermis, but their function in epidermal keratinocytes remains largely unknown. Here we show that (1) S100A8 and S100A9 are secreted by cultured normal human keratinocytes (NHK) in a cytokine-dependent manner, (2) when applied to NHK, recombinant S100A8/A9 (a 1:1 mixture of S100A8 and S100A9) induced expression of a number of cytokine genes such as IL-8/CXCL8, CXCL1, CXCL2, CXCL3, CCL20, IL-6, and TNFalpha that are known to be up-regulated in psoriatic epidermis, (3) the S100A8/A9-induced cytokines in turn enhanced production and secretion of S100A8 and S100A9 by NHK, and (4) S100A8 and S100A8/A9 stimulated the growth of NHK at a concentration as low as 1 ng/ml. These results indicate the presence of a positive feedback loop for growth stimulation involving S100A8/A9 and cytokines in human epidermal keratinocytes, implicating the relevance of the positive feedback loop to the etiology of hyperproliferative skin diseases, including psoriasis.
    Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 06/2008; 104(2):453-64. · 3.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We previously revealed a novel signal pathway involving S100A11 for inhibition of the growth of normal human keratinocytes (NHK) caused by high Ca(++) or transforming growth factor beta. Exposure to either agent resulted in transfer of S100A11 to nuclei, where it induced p21(WAF1). In contrast, S100A11 has been shown to be overexpressed in many human cancers. To address this apparent discrepancy, we analyzed possible new functions of S100A11, and we provide herein evidence that 1) S100A11 is actively secreted by NHK; 2) extracellular S100A11 acts on NHK to enhance the production of epidermal growth factor family proteins, resulting in growth stimulation; 3) receptor for advanced glycation end products, nuclear factor-kappaB, Akt, and cAMP response element-binding protein are involved in the S100A11-triggered signal transduction; and 4) production and secretion of S100A11 are markedly enhanced in human squamous cancer cells. These findings indicate that S100A11 plays a dual role in growth regulation of epithelial cells.
    Molecular biology of the cell 02/2008; 19(1):78-85. · 5.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Regulation of cell growth and apoptosis is one of the pleiotropic functions of annexin A1 (ANXA1). Although previous reports on the overexpression of ANXA1 in many human cancers and on growth suppression and/or induction of apoptosis by ANXA1 may indicate the tumor-suppressive nature of ANXA1, molecular mechanisms of the function of ANXA1 remain largely unknown. Here we provide evidence that ANXA1 mechanistically links the epidermal growth factor-triggered growth signal pathway with cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)), an initiator enzyme of the arachidonic acid cascade, through interaction with S100A11 in normal human keratinocytes (NHK). Ca(2+)-dependent binding of S100A11 to ANXA1 facilitated the binding of the latter to cPLA(2), resulting in inhibition of cPLA(2) activity, which is essential for the growth of NHK. On exposure of NHK to epidermal growth factor, ANXA1 was cleaved solely at Trp(12), and this cleavage was executed by cathepsin D. In squamous cancer cells, this pathway was shown to be constitutively activated. The newly found mechanistic intersection may be a promising target for establishing new measures against human cancer and other cell growth disorders.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 01/2008; 282(49):35679-86. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transplantation of hepatocytes or hepatocyte-like cells of extrahepatic origin is a promising strategy for treatment of acute and chronic liver failure. We examined possible utility of hepatocyte-like cells induced from bone marrow cells for such a purpose. Clonal cell lines were established from the bone marrow of two different rat strains. One of these cell lines, rBM25/S3 cells, grew rapidly (doubling time, approximately 24 hours) without any appreciable changes in cell properties for at least 300 population doubling levels over a period of 300 days, keeping normal diploid karyotype. The cells expressed CD29, CD44, CD49b, CD90, vimentin, and fibronectin but not CD45, indicating that they are of mesenchymal cell origin. When plated on Matrigel with hepatocyte growth factor and fibroblast growth factor-4, the cells efficiently differentiated into hepatocyte-like cells that expressed albumin, cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1, CYP1A2, glucose 6-phosphatase, tryptophane-2,3-dioxygenase, tyrosine aminotransferase, hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)1 alpha, and HNF4alpha. Intrasplenic transplantation of the differentiated cells prevented fatal liver failure in 90%-hepatectomized rats. In conclusion, a clonal stem cell line derived from adult rat bone marrow could differentiate into hepatocyte-like cells, and transplantation of the differentiated cells could prevent fatal liver failure in 90%-hepatectomized rats. The present results indicate a promising strategy for treating human fatal liver diseases.
    Stem Cells 12/2007; 25(11):2855-63. · 7.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We recently showed that overexpression of REIC/Dickkopf-3 (Dkk-3), a tumor suppressor gene, induced apoptosis in a tumor cell-specific manner. The aim of the present study was to determine the mechanisms underlying the selective induction of apoptosis. At first, we found a mouse renal carcinoma cell line, RENCA, to be extremely sensitive to an adenovirus carrying REIC/Dkk-3 (Ad-REIC), and we showed that activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) was a critical step in cell death, i.e. a process similar to that in human prostate and testicular cancer observed in our previous studies. Among the proteins interfering with the activation of JNK, heat shock protein (Hsp)70/72 was reduced in expression in RENCA cells compared with that in NIH3T3 cells. An Hsp70/72 inducer protected RENCA cells from Ad-REIC-induced apoptosis, while an Hsp70/72 inhibitor sensitized NIH3T3 cells for apoptosis induction. These results indicate that functionally active Hsp70/72 is a key factor in tumor cell-specific induction of apoptotic cell death and that analyses of the expression levels of Hsp70/72 may be essential in determining the significance of Ad-REIC-based gene therapy against human cancer.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 08/2007; 20(1):37-43. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, we demonstrated that S100C/A11 comprises an essential pathway for growth suppression by TGFbeta in normal human keratinocytes. Nuclear transfer of S100C/A11 was a hallmark of the activation of the process. In the present study, we examined the possible deterioration in the pathway in human squamous cancer cell lines, focusing on intracellular localization of S100C/A11 and its functional partners Smad3 and Smad4. All four human squamous cancer cell lines examined (A431, BSCC-93, DJM-1, and HSC-5) were resistant to growth suppression by TGFbeta. In BSCC-93, DJM-1, and HSC-5 cells exposed to TGFbeta, S100C/A11 was not transferred to the nuclei, and p21(WAF1) was not induced. Overexpression of nucleus-targeted S100C/A11 partially recovered induction of p21(WAF1) and p15(INK4B) and growth suppression by TGFbeta1 in these cells. These results indicate that the deterioration in the S100C/A11-mediated pathway conferred upon the cancer cell lines resistance to TGFbeta. In A431 cells, S100C/A11, Smad3, and Smad4 were simultaneously transferred to the nuclei, and p21(WAF1) was induced upon exposure to TGFbeta. We provide evidence to indicate that refractoriness of A431 cells to TGFbeta was probably because the amount of p21(WAF1) induced by TGFbeta was insufficient to counteract cyclin A, which is highly overexpressed in A431 cells. Thus, the newly found S100C/A11-mediated pathway is at least partly involved in conferring upon human squamous cell cancers resistant to TGFbeta-induced growth suppression, which is considered to play a critical role for the initiation and progression of many human cancers.
    Journal of Molecular Medicine 08/2007; 85(7):753-62. · 4.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Growth suppression of normal human keratinocytes by high Ca2+ or TGFbeta was shown to be mediated by p21WAF1/CIP1 and Sp1 [Pardali, K., et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 29244-29256; Santini, M. P., Talora, C., Seki, T., Bolgan, L. & Dotto, G. P. (2001) Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 98, 9575-9580; Al-Daraji, W. I., Grant, K. R., Ryan, K., Saxton, A., & Reynolds, N. J. (2002) J. Invest. Dermatol. 118, 779-788]. We previously demonstrated that S100C/A11 is a key mediator for growth inhibition of normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHK) triggered by high Ca2+ or TGFbeta [Sakaguchi, M., et al. (2003) J. Cell Biol. 163, 825-835; Sakaguchi, M., et al. (2004) 164, 979-984]. On exposure of NHK cells to either agent, S100C/A11 is transferred to nuclei, where it induces p21WAF1/CIP1 through activation of Sp1/Sp3. In the present study, we found that high Ca2+ activated NFAT1 through calcineurin-dependent dephosphorylation. In growing NHK cells, Krueppel-like factor (KLF)16, a member of the Sp/KLF family, bound to the p21WAF1/CIP1 promoter and, thereby, inhibited the transcription of p21(WAF1/CIP1). Sp1 complexed with NFAT1 in high Ca2+-treated cells or with Smad3 in TGFbeta1-treated cells, but not Sp1 alone, replaced KLF16 from the p21WAF1/CIP1 promoter and transcriptionally activated the p21WAF1/CIP1 gene. Thus, high Ca2+ and TGFbeta1 have a common S100C/A11-mediated pathway in addition to a unique pathway (NFAT1-mediated pathway for high Ca2+ and Smad-mediated pathway for TGFbeta1) for exhibiting a growth inhibitory effect on NHK cells, and both pathways were shown to be indispensable for growth inhibition.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 09/2005; 102(39):13921-6. · 9.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Decoy oligonucleotides have been used for functional sequestering of transcription factors. Efficient introduction into cells is a prerequisite for the oligonucleotides to exert their blocking function. Lipofection is the most widely used technique for that purpose because of its convenience and relatively high efficiency. However, the transduction efficiency of lipofection largely depends on cell types and experimental conditions and the introduced nucleotides are not specifically directed to nuclei where they exert their major function. In the present study, we designed a new system for transporting oligonucleotides into cell nuclei. The vehicle is composed of glutathione-S-transferase, 7 arginine residues, the DNA-binding domain of GAL4 and a nuclear localization signal, which are linked with flexible glycine stretches. The p53-responsive element linked to the GAL4 upstream activating sequence was efficiently transferred by the vehicle protein into nuclei of primary cultures of neuronal cells, embryonic stem cells and various human normal cells. Transcriptional activation of p21(WAF1/CIP1) and Bax by p53 on exposure to cisplatin was completely blocked by introducing the p53 decoy oligonucleotide. Thus, the system developed in the present study can be a convenient and powerful tool for specifically disrupting the function of DNA-binding proteins in culture.
    Nucleic Acids Research 02/2005; 33(9):e88. · 8.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Growth regulation of epithelial cells is of major concern because most human cancers arise from them. We demonstrated previously a novel signal pathway involving S100C/A11 for high Ca2+-induced growth inhibition of normal human keratinocytes (Sakaguchi, M., M. Miyazaki, M. Takaishi, Y. Sakaguchi, E. Makino, N. Kataoka, H. Yamada, M. Namba, and N.H. Huh. 2003. J. Cell Biol. 163:825-835). This paper addresses a question whether transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) shares the pathway with high Ca2+. On exposure of the cells to TGFbeta1, S100C/A11 was phosphorylated, bound to nucleolin, and transferred to the nucleus, resulting in induction of p21WAF1/CIP1 and p15INK4B through activation of Sp1. Protein kinase C alpha (PKCalpha) was shown to phosphorylate 10Thr of S100C/A11, which is a critical event for the signal transduction. The TGFbeta1-induced growth inhibition was almost completely mitigated when PKCalpha activity was blocked or when S100C/A11 was functionally sequestered. These results indicate that, in addition to the well-characterized Smad-mediated pathway, the PKCalpha-S100C/A11-mediated pathway is involved in and essential for the growth inhibition of normal human keratinocytes cells by TGFbeta1.
    The Journal of Cell Biology 04/2004; 164(7):979-84. · 10.82 Impact Factor