József Balla

University of Debrecen, Debreczyn, Hajdú-Bihar, Hungary

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Publications (107)384.07 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Iron is an essential element for all microorganisms. Bacteria and fungi produce versatile siderophores for binding and storing this essential transition metal when its availability is limited in the environment. The aim of the study was to optimize the fermentation medium of Aspergillus fumigatus for siderophore production. Triacetyl-fusarinine C and ferricrocin yields were dependent on glucose and glycine supplementations as well as the initial pH of the culture media. The optimal fermentation medium for triacetylfusarinine C production contained 8% glucose, 0.4% glycine and the initial pH was set to 5.9. Meanwhile, maximal ferricrocin yields were recorded in the presence of 10% glucose, 0.5% glycine and at an initial pH of 7.4. Under optimized fermentation conditions, the yields for triacetylfusarinine C and ferricrocin increased up to 2.9 g/l culture medium and 18.9 mg/g mycelium, respectively.
    Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica 06/2014; 61(2):107-19. · 0.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prolongation of the QT interval and dispersion could predict ventricular arrhythmias. It is not yet established whether there is a difference between the effects of hemodialysis and hemodiafiltration on QT interval duration and dispersion. Data of thirty patients was investigated while they were receiving hemodiafiltration over a period of 3 months; then the same group of patients was evaluated during treatment with conventional hemodialysis for at least another 3 months. Ionic parameters and surface electrocardiograms (ECG) were analyzed five times during each session, and 2D, M-mode echocardiography and Holter ECGs were performed to acquire additional information. QT interval duration (QTmax) and dispersion (QTd) showed a significant increase during hemodialysis, but not during hemodiafiltration. QTmax was 388.66 ± 31.81 ms at the beginning of hemodialysis and increased to 400.66 ± 39.12 ms even at the 30th minute (p < 0.05). QTd was found to be 31.33 ± 10.08 ms before the commencement of hemodialysis with the largest prolongation being seen at the 240th minute (51.33 ± 14.56 ms, p < 0.05). The occurrence of ventricular premature beats was significantly higher during hemodialysis (p = 0.018). The left atrial diameter significantly decreased at the end of hemodiafiltration (at the beginning 45.1 ± 5.25 mm, at the end 40.77 ± 5.76 mm; p < 0.05). Our results suggest a beneficial effect of hemodiafiltration on the studied electrocardiographic parameters compared to hemodialysis. The larger decrease in the left atrial diameter suggests a more efficient intracardiac volume-decreasing potential of hemodiafiltration.
    Clinical and Experimental Nephrology 03/2014; · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Iron accumulates in human atherosclerotic lesions but whether it is a cause or simply a downstream consequence of the atheroma formation has been an open question for decades. According to the so called "iron hypothesis," iron is believed to be detrimental for the cardiovascular system, thus promoting atherosclerosis development and progression. Iron, in its catalytically active form, can participate in the generation of reactive oxygen species and induce lipid-peroxidation, triggering endothelial activation, smooth muscle cell proliferation and macrophage activation; all of these processes are considered to be proatherogenic. On the other hand, the observation that hemochromatotic patients, affected by life-long iron overload, do not show any increased incidence of atherosclerosis is perceived as the most convincing evidence against the "iron hypothesis." Epidemiological studies and data from animal models provided conflicting evidences about the role of iron in atherogenesis. Therefore, more careful studies are needed in which issues like the source and the compartmentalization of iron will be addressed. This review article summarizes what we have learnt about iron and atherosclerosis from epidemiological studies, animal models and cellular systems and highlights the rather contributory than innocent role of iron in atherogenesis.
    Frontiers in Pharmacology 01/2014; 5:94.
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    Viktória Jeney, György Balla, József Balla
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    ABSTRACT: For decades plaque neovascularization was considered as an innocent feature of advanced atherosclerotic lesions, but nowadays growing evidence suggest that this process triggers plaque progression and vulnerability. Neovascularization is induced mostly by hypoxia, but the involvement of oxidative stress is also established. Because of inappropriate angiogenesis, neovessels are leaky and prone to rupture, leading to the extravasation of red blood cells (RBCs) within the plaque. RBCs, in the highly oxidative environment of the atherosclerotic lesions, tend to lyse quickly. Both RBC membrane and the released hemoglobin (Hb) possess atherogenic activities. Cholesterol content of RBC membrane contributes to lipid deposition and lipid core expansion upon intraplaque hemorrhage. Cell-free Hb is prone to oxidation, and the oxidation products possess pro-oxidant and pro-inflammatory activities. Defense and adaptation mechanisms evolved to cope with the deleterious effects of cell free Hb and heme. These rely on plasma proteins haptoglobin (Hp) and hemopexin (Hx) with the ability to scavenge and eliminate free Hb and heme form the circulation. The protective strategy is completed with the cellular heme oxygenase-1/ferritin system that becomes activated when Hp and Hx fail to control free Hb and heme-mediated stress. These protective molecules have pharmacological potential in diverse pathologies including atherosclerosis.
    Frontiers in physiology. 01/2014; 5:379.
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    ABSTRACT: Podocytes are highly specialized, arborized epithelial cells covering the outer surface of the glomerular tuft in the kidney. Terminally differentiated podocytes are unable to go through cell division and hereby they are lacking a key property for regeneration after a toxic injury. Podocytes are long-lived cells but, to date, little is known about the mechanisms that support their stress resistance. Our aim was to investigate whether the well-known morphological changes during podocyte differentiation are accompanied by changes in oxidative resistance in a manner that could support their long-term survival. We used a conditionally immortalized human podocyte cell line to study the morphological and functional changes during differentiation. We followed the differentiation process for 14 days by time-lapse microscopy. During this period nondifferentiated podocytes gradually transformed into large, nonproliferating, frequently multinucleated cells, with enlarged nuclei and opened chromatin structure. We observed that differentiated podocytes were highly resistant to oxidants such as H2O2 and heme when applied separately or in combination, whereas undifferentiated cells were prone to such challenges. Elevated oxidative resistance of differentiated podocytes was associated with increased activities of antioxidant enzymes and H-ferritin expression. Immunohistochemical analysis of normal human kidney specimens revealed that podocytes highly express H-ferritin in vivo as well.
    Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity. 01/2014; 2014:976394.
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Patients with renopulmonary syndrome who have both anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic and anti-glomerular basement membrane antibodies have been described since 1989. Aim: The aim of the authors was to analyse the data of "double positive" patients diagnosed in their department, and compare these with previous studies. Method: During the last 16 years, 87 anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody positive and 11 anti-glomerular basement membrane antobody positive patients were diagnosed. Four patients with anti-glomerular basement membrane antibodies (36%) had detectable anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies, 2 patients were positive for anti-myeloperoxidase and 2 patients for anti-proteinase 3. Results: In comparison with patients having anti-glomerular basement membrane antibodies, the double-positive patients were characterized by older age (median of 46 vs. 24 years), lack of male dominance (50% vs. 71%), more frequent presence of previous extrarenal symptoms (50% vs. 0%), and lower anti-glomerular basement membrane antibody levels (<100EU/ml: 100% vs. 29%). The double-positive patients had more favourable 1-year survival (100% vs. 71%), despite their older age and similar treatment regimen (immunosuppression 100% in both groups, plasmapheresis in 75% vs. 86%), but 1-year renal survival was not different (25% vs. 14%). Conclusions: In agreement with literature data, about one third of patients with anti-glomerular basement membrane antibodies had detectable anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies, and the coexistence of the two antibodies may have clinical consequences. Orv. Hetil., 154 (43), 1696-1701.
    Orvosi Hetilap 10/2013; 154(43):1696-701.
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    ABSTRACT: Ferritin plays a central role in iron metabolism and is made of 24 subunits of 2 types: heavy chain and light chain. The ferritin heavy chain (FtH) has ferroxidase activity that is required for iron incorporation and limiting toxicity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of FtH in acute kidney injury (AKI) and renal iron handling by using proximal tubule-specific FtH-knockout mice (FtHPT-/- mice). FtHPT-/- mice had significant mortality, worse structural and functional renal injury, and increased levels of apoptosis in rhabdomyolysis and cisplatin-induced AKI, despite significantly higher expression of heme oxygenase-1, an antioxidant and cytoprotective enzyme. While expression of divalent metal transporter-1 was unaffected, expression of ferroportin (FPN) was significantly lower under both basal and rhabdomyolysis-induced AKI in FtHPT-/- mice. Apical localization of FPN was disrupted after AKI to a diffuse cytosolic and basolateral pattern. FtH, regardless of iron content and ferroxidase activity, induced FPN. Interestingly, urinary levels of the iron acceptor proteins neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, hemopexin, and transferrin were increased in FtHPT-/- mice after AKI. These results underscore the protective role of FtH and reveal the critical role of proximal tubule FtH in iron trafficking in AKI.
    The Journal of clinical investigation 09/2013; · 15.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative modifications such as lipid peroxidation and hemoglobin (Hb) oxidation are important events in atherogenesis and can contribute to plaque progression. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), the most recently discovered endogenous gaseous mediator is a reducing agent with the ability to prevent oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL). Recently several H2S-releasing molecules have been introduced to deliver controlled and stable delivery of H2S to cells and tissues. In this work we compared the ability of different H2S releasing molecules to prevent lipid peroxidation and Hb oxidation; two key reactions contributing to atherosclerotic plaque progression.
    Nitric oxide : biology and chemistry / official journal of the Nitric Oxide Society. 09/2013; 31 Suppl 2:S61.
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    ABSTRACT: Achieving target levels of laboratory parameters of bone and mineral metabolism in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients is important but also difficult in those living with end-stage kidney disease. This study aimed to determine if there are age-related differences in chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) characteristics, including treatment practice in Hungarian dialysis patients. Data were collected retrospectively from a large cohort of dialysis patients in Hungary. Patients on hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis were also included. The enrolled patients were allocated into two groups based on their age (<65 years and >=65 years). Characteristics of the age groups and differences in disease-related (epidemiology, laboratory, and treatment practice) parameters between the groups were analyzed. A total of 5008 patients were included in the analysis and the mean age was 63.4+/-14.2 years. A total of 47.2% of patients were women, 32.8% had diabetes, and 11.4% were on peritoneal dialysis. Diabetes (37.9% vs 27.3%), bone disease (42.9% vs 34.1%), and soft tissue calcification (56.3% vs 44.7%) were more prevalent in the older group than the younger group (p<0.001 for all). We found an inverse relationship between age and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels (p<0.001). Serum PTH levels were lower in patients with diabetes compared with those without diabetes below 80 years (p<0.001). Diabetes and age were independently associated with serum PTH levels (interaction: diabetes x age groups, p=0.138). Older patients were more likely than younger patients to achieve laboratory target ranges for each parameter (Ca: 66.9% vs 62.1%, p<0.001; PO4: 52.6% vs 49.2%, p<0.05; and PTH: 50.6% vs 46.6%, p<0.01), and for combined parameters (19.8% vs 15.8%, p<0.001). Older patients were less likely to receive related medication than younger patients (66.9% vs 79.7%, p<0.001). The achievement of laboratory target ranges for bone and mineral metabolism and clinical practice in CKD depends on the age of the patients. A greater proportion of older patients met target criteria and received less medication compared with younger patients.
    BMC Nephrology 07/2013; 14(1):155. · 1.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: Patients with a failed kidney transplant represent a unique, high-risk chronic kidney disease population that is increasing in number, and may be sub-optimally managed. Our aim was to compare the survival of patients with failed allografts to patients with native kidney failure and to assess whether their survival is affected by the graft resection. Methods: Kaplan-Meier and Cox-regression survival analyses were performed on the data of 57 patients with graft failure and of 123 transplant-naive haemodialysed patients. Results: After adjustment for age and gender, there was no statistically significant difference in the mortality of patients in the two groups. The 43 patients, who had a transplanted kidney nephrectomy had a statistically not significant survival benefit over non-nephrectomised patients (age and gender adjusted hazard ratio: 0.56 95 % confidence interval: 0.24-1.58, p-value: 0.18). Conclusion: Elective graft resection is a safe, effective alternative for both the treatment and the prevention of the chronic inflammatory state associated with a failed kidney transplant.
    Kidney and Blood Pressure Research 05/2013; 37(2-3):151-157. · 1.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Autophagy is an intracellular bulk degradation process for elimination of damaged macromolecules and organelles. In the past decades, the scientific community has gained increasingly detailed understanding of the role of autophagy in myocardial homeostasis, although still many controversies remain. In the ischemic myocardium, autophagy appears to be beneficial for survival, whereas upon reperfusion the process may induce cell death. However, the overall effect of autophagy seems to depend on the duration and intensity of stress, as along with the extent of autophagy within myocardial tissue. Reperfusion of an ischemic heart maybe harmful, but it is an essential process for myocardial survival. One of the major adverse consequences of reperfusion is the occurrence of ventricular fibrillation (VF). In the present study, we investigated the possible connection between autophagy and VF. Isolated mouse hearts were subjected to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) and divided into two groups based on the development of VF at the beginning of reperfusion. Western blot analysis was conducted for autophagy-associated proteins LC3B, ATG-5, ATG-7, ATG-12, Bcl-2 and Beclin-1 proteins. Significantly higher level of Beclin-1 and LC3B-II/LC3B-I ratio (both definitive autophagy biomarkers) was observed in the fibrillated myocardium, versus tissue from the nonfibrillated hearts. Interestingly, although Bcl-2 is a major regulator of Beclin-1, level of this protein was not significantly altered in tissue from fibrillated, versus non-fibrillated hearts. Moreover, Atg7 expression showed a trend, albeit non-significant, towards elevation in fibrillated versus non-fibrillated hearts. Results of the present investigation demonstrate a possible link between VF and autophagy. Studies by authors of this report to evaluate potential etiologic relationships between the two processes are ongoing.
    Current pharmaceutical design 04/2013; · 4.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypothesis. The present study evaluates the hypothesis that sour cherry seed extract (SCSE) protects against cardiovascular disease and inflammation in hypercholesterolemic rabbits, and that this protection correlates with SCSE-induced activity of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), a cytoprotective enzyme contributing to oxidative stress responses. Methods: 18 New Zealand white rabbits were divided into three groups receiving: I. cholesterol-free rabbit chow; II. chow containing 2% cholesterol; or III. 2% cholesterol plus SCSE for 16 weeks. Heart functions were monitored by echocardiography 0, 4, and 16 weeks after the initiation of cholesterol-supplemented feeding. At the 16-week time-point, isolated hearts were subjected to ischemia-reperfusion (I/R), followed by measurement of heart rate (HR), aortic flow (AF), coronary flow (CF), aortic pressure (AoP), and left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP). Myocardial infarct size was determined using triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC). Quantification of fatty streaks was assessed using Sudan-III staining. Western blot analysis was used to determine the content of cytochrome c oxidase III (COX III), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and HO-1 in the myocardium. Results: Relative to cholesterol-treated animals not receiving SCSE, SCSE-treated animals exhibited significantly improved cardiac function and improved peak early diastolic velocity to peak atrial velocity ratio (E'/A'), along with decreased the atherosclerotic plaque formation and infarct size. Increased HO-1 and COX III protein expression and COX activity were also noted in hearts from SCSE-treated rabbits. Conclusions: This study demonstrates SCSE cardioprotective effects on hypercholesterolemic hearts. Correlation of these outcomes with HO-1 expression suggests that the effect may be mediated by activity of this enzyme. However, definitive proof of HO-1 dependence requires further investigation.
    Current pharmaceutical design 04/2013; · 4.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Renal replacement therapy may have a favorable effect on diastolic left ventricular function, but it is not clear whether hemodiafiltration is superior to hemodialysis in this field. Nitric oxide (NO) and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) may play a role in the changes of intracardiac hemodynamics, but it is not clear whether the different renal replacement methods have disparate influence on the metabolism of these materials. METHODS: Thirty patients on renal replacement therapy were investigated. First, data was analyzed while patients received hemodiafiltration over a period of three months. Then, the same patients were evaluated during treatment with hemodialysis for at least another three months. Echocardiography was performed before and after renal replacement therapy. RESULTS: No significant difference was found in the volume removals between hemodialysis and hemodiafiltration. The left atrial diameter and transmitral flow velocities (E/A) decreased significantly only during hemodiafiltration. A positive correlation was observed between the left atrial diameter and E/Ea representing the left ventricular pressure load during hemodiafiltration. Significant correlations between NO and A and E/A were observed only in the case of hemodiafiltration. CONCLUSION: Hemodiafiltration has a beneficial effect on echocardiographic markers representing left ventricular diastolic function. This could be attributed to the differences between the dynamics of volume removal and its distribution among liquid compartments.
    BMC Nephrology 04/2013; 14(1):76. · 1.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Numerous disease states are associated with hemolysis or hemorrhage. Because red cells in the extravascular space tend to lyse quickly, hemoglobin (Hb) is released and is prone to autoxidation producing MetHb. Inorganic and organic peroxides may convert Hb and MetHb to higher oxidation states such as ferrylHb. FerrylHb is not a single chemical entity but is a mixture of globin-and porphyrin-centered radicals and covalently cross-linked Hb multimers. Oxidized Hb species are potent prooxidants caused mainly by heme release from oxidized Hb. Moreover, ferrylHb is a strong proinflammatory agonist that targets vascular endothelial cells. This proinflammatory effect of ferrylHb requires actin polymerization, is characterized by the upregulation of proinflammatory adhesion molecules, and is independent of heme release. Deleterious effects of native Hb are controlled by haptoglobin (Hp) that binds cell-free Hb avidly and facilitates its removal from circulation through the CD163 macrophage scavenger receptor-mediated endocytosis. Under circumstances of Hb oxidation, Hp can prevent heme release from MetHb, but unfortunately the Hp-mediated removal of Hb is severely compromised when Hb is structurally altered such as in ferrylHb allowing deleterious downstream reactions to occur even in the presence of Hp.
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidized cell-free hemoglobin (Hb), including covalently cross-linked Hb multimers, is present in advanced atherosclerotic lesions. Oxidation of Hb produces methemoglobin (Fe 3+) and ferryl hemoglobin (Fe 4+ = O 2−). Ferryl iron is unstable and can return to the Fe 3+ state by reacting with specific amino acids of the globin chains. In these reactions globin radicals are produced followed by termination reactions yielding covalently cross-linked Hb multimers. Despite the evanescent nature of the ferryl state, herein we refer to this oxidized Hb as "ferryl Hb. " Our aim in this work was to study formation and biological effects of ferrylHb. We demonstrate that ferrylHb, like metHb, can release its heme group, leading to sensitization of endothelial cells (ECs) to oxidant-mediated killing and to oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL). Furthermore, we observed that both oxidized LDL and lipids derived from human atherosclerotic lesions trigger Hb oxidation and subsequent production of covalently cross-linked ferrylHb multimers. Previously we showed that ferrylHb disrupts EC monolayer integrity and induces expression of inflammatory cell adhesion molecules. Here we show that when exposed to ferrylHb, EC monolayers exhibit increased permeability and enhanced monocyte adhesion. Taken together, interactions between cell-free Hb and atheroma lipids engage in a vicious cycle, amplifying oxidation of plaque lipids and Hb. These processes trigger EC activation and cytotoxicity.
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidized cell-free hemoglobin (Hb), including covalently cross-linked Hb multimers, is present in advanced atherosclerotic lesions. Oxidation of Hb produces methemoglobin (Fe(3+)) and ferryl hemoglobin (Fe(4+) = O(2-)). Ferryl iron is unstable and can return to the Fe(3+) state by reacting with specific amino acids of the globin chains. In these reactions globin radicals are produced followed by termination reactions yielding covalently cross-linked Hb multimers. Despite the evanescent nature of the ferryl state, herein we refer to this oxidized Hb as "ferryl Hb." Our aim in this work was to study formation and biological effects of ferrylHb. We demonstrate that ferrylHb, like metHb, can release its heme group, leading to sensitization of endothelial cells (ECs) to oxidant-mediated killing and to oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL). Furthermore, we observed that both oxidized LDL and lipids derived from human atherosclerotic lesions trigger Hb oxidation and subsequent production of covalently cross-linked ferrylHb multimers. Previously we showed that ferrylHb disrupts EC monolayer integrity and induces expression of inflammatory cell adhesion molecules. Here we show that when exposed to ferrylHb, EC monolayers exhibit increased permeability and enhanced monocyte adhesion. Taken together, interactions between cell-free Hb and atheroma lipids engage in a vicious cycle, amplifying oxidation of plaque lipids and Hb. These processes trigger EC activation and cytotoxicity.
    Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity 01/2013; 2013:676425.
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    ABSTRACT: The present study evaluates a hypothesis that diet-related hypercholesterolemia increases oxidative stress-related burden to cardiovascular tissue, resulting in progressively increased mortality, along with deterioration of electrophysiological and enzymatic function in rabbit myocardium. New Zealand white rabbits were divided into four groups, defined as follows: GROUP I, cholesterol-free rabbit chow for 12 weeks; GROUP II, cholesterol-free chow, 40 weeks; GROUP III, chow supplemented with 2% cholesterol, 12 weeks; GROUP IV, chow supplemented with 2% cholesterol, 40 weeks. At the 12 and 40 weeks time points, animals in each of the aforementioned cohorts were subjected to echocardiographic measurements, followed by sacrifice. Significant deterioration in major outcome variables measured in the present study were observed only in animals maintained for 40 weeks on 2% cholesterol-supplemented chow, with much lesser adverse effects noted in animals fed high cholesterol diets for only 12 weeks. It was observed that rabbits receiving high cholesterol diets for 40 weeks exhibited significantly increased mortality, worsened ejection fraction and general deterioration of cardiac functions, along with increased atherosclerotic plaque formation and infarct size. Additionally, myocardium of GROUP IV animals was observed to contain lower levels of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and cytochrome c oxidase III (COX III) protein relative to the controls.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2013; 14(9):19086-108. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Numerous disease states are associated with hemolysis or hemorrhage. Because red cells in the extravascular space tend to lyse quickly, hemoglobin (Hb) is released and is prone to autoxidation producing MetHb. Inorganic and organic peroxides may convert Hb and MetHb to higher oxidation states such as ferrylHb. FerrylHb is not a single chemical entity but is a mixture of globin- and porphyrin-centered radicals and covalently cross-linked Hb multimers. Oxidized Hb species are potent prooxidants caused mainly by heme release from oxidized Hb. Moreover, ferrylHb is a strong proinflammatory agonist that targets vascular endothelial cells. This proinflammatory effect of ferrylHb requires actin polymerization, is characterized by the upregulation of proinflammatory adhesion molecules, and is independent of heme release. Deleterious effects of native Hb are controlled by haptoglobin (Hp) that binds cell-free Hb avidly and facilitates its removal from circulation through the CD163 macrophage scavenger receptor-mediated endocytosis. Under circumstances of Hb oxidation, Hp can prevent heme release from MetHb, but unfortunately the Hp-mediated removal of Hb is severely compromised when Hb is structurally altered such as in ferrylHb allowing deleterious downstream reactions to occur even in the presence of Hp.
    Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity 01/2013; 2013:703571.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Fungal siderophores are likely to possess atheroprotective effects in humans, and therefore studies are needed to develop siderophore-rich food additives or functional foods to increase the siderophore uptake in people prone to cardiovascular diseases. In this study the siderophore contents of mould-ripened cheeses and meat products were analysed and the coprogen production by Penicillium nalgiovense was characterised. RESULTS: High concentrations of hexadentate fungal siderophores were detected in penicillia-ripened Camembert- and Roquefort-type cheeses and also in some sausages. In one sausage fermented by P. nalgiovense, the siderophore content was comparable to those found in cheeses. Penicillium nalgiovense produced high concentrations of coprogen in submerged cultures, which were affected predominantly by the available carbon and nitrogen sources under iron starvation. Considerable coprogen yields were still detectable in the presence of iron when the fermentation medium was supplemented with the iron chelator Na(2) -EDTA or when P. nalgiovense was co-cultivated with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. CONCLUSION: These data may be exploitable in the future development of high-siderophore-content foods and/or food additives. Nevertheless, the use of P. nalgiovense fermentation broths for these purposes may be limited by the instability of coprogen in fermentation media and by the β-lactam production by the fungus. © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry.
    Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 12/2012; · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular diseases are frequent complications of end-stage kidney disease. The aim of the present study was to prove the arrhythmogenic effect of dialysis using signal averaged ECG. The ECG changes and laboratory parameters (sodium, potassium, urea and creatinine levels) were detected during hemodialysis treatment in 26 patients suffering from end-stage kidney disease. The tests and the ECG were performed four times, before (0. minute), during (at 15 and 90 min), and eventually after dialysis (at 240 min). The duration of the QRS complex, high-frequency low-amplitude signals (HFLA), and root-mean-square voltage of the terminal 40 ms of the filtered QRS (RMS) were determined. We considered test results to be positive when two of the three tested parameters were outside the normal range: QRS > 120 ms, RMS < 20 uV, HFLA > 39 ms. Signal averaged ECG was positive in two cases (8%) before and after the dialysis. The duration of the QRS-complex increased significantly during the dialysis (predialysis: 109 +/- 7.6 ms, postdialysis: 116 +/- 8.0 ms, p < 0.0001). Serum urea nitrogen (predialysis: 26.2 +/- 5.4, postdialysis: 11.4 +/- 3.3 mmol/l, p <0.0001) and serum creatinine levels (predialysis: 931 +/- 212, postdialysis: 434 +/- 120 micromol/I, p < 0.0001) decreased significantly during the treatment. Significant and continuous decrease in the potassium levels were detected (predialysis: 5.30 +/- 0.72, postdialysis: 3.91 +/- 0.42 mmol/I, p < 0.0001) during the dialysis. Serum sodium levels (predialysis: 139 +/- 2.7, postdialysis: 141.4 +/- 2.2 mmol/I) had not changed during the dialysis. A significant negative correlation was found between decreasing potassium levels and increasing QRS duration (r = - 0.48, p = 0.01). Our results support our primer assumption that the metabolic changes during dialysis treatment can lead to considerable risk of cardiac arrhythmias.
    Pharmazie 05/2012; 67(5):380-3. · 0.96 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

4k Citations
384.07 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2000–2014
    • University of Debrecen
      • • Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
      • • Medical and Health Science Centre
      • • Department of Microbial Biotechnology and Cell Biology
      • • Department of Neurology
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      Debreczyn, Hajdú-Bihar, Hungary
  • 2010–2013
    • Hungarian Academy of Sciences
      Budapeŝto, Budapest, Hungary
  • 2007
    • Debreceni Egyetem, Orvos- és Egészségtudományi Centrum
      Debreczyn, Hajdú-Bihar, Hungary
  • 2004
    • Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Wigner Fizikai Kutatóközpont
      Budapeŝto, Budapest, Hungary
  • 1996
    • Medical College of Wisconsin
      • Department of Medicine
      Milwaukee, WI, United States
  • 1993–1996
    • University of Minnesota Duluth
      • Medical School
      Duluth, Minnesota, United States
  • 1993–1995
    • University of Minnesota Twin Cities
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • School of Public Health
      Minneapolis, MN, United States