ABSTRACT: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of tumors by means of internally cooled (ICE) or multitined expandable electrodes combined with infusion of saline into the tissue may improve results. Our aim was to determine the efficacy of a previously optimized hybrid ICE system (ICE combined with infusion of saline into the tissue at a distance of 2mm) in comparison with a conventional ICE cluster electrode in porcine liver in vivo.
A total of 32 RFA were performed on a total of 10 farm pigs using two RFA systems: Group A (n=16): Cluster electrode. Group B (n=16): Hybrid system (with continuous infusion of 100ml/h of 20% NaCl at 2mm distance from the electrode shaft by an independent isolated needle). Livers were removed for macroscopic and histological assessment after the procedure. Coagulation volume, coagulation diameters, coefficient of variability (CV) of coagulation volume, sphericity ratio (SR), deposited power (DP), deposited energy (DE), deposited energy per coagulation volume (DEV) and rise of animal temperature during the procedure were compared and correlated among groups. Additionally, linear regression analysis was modeled to study the relationship between deposited energy and either coagulation volume and rise of animal temperature during the procedure in both groups.
Both coagulation volume and short diameter of coagulation were significantly greater (p<0.05) in group B compared to group A (22.7+/-11.0 cm(3) and 3.1+/-0.7 cm vs. 13.5+/-7.7 cm(3) and 2.5+/-0.5 cm, respectively). A similar CV and SR was observed among groups (57.1% and 1.4+/-0.3 vs. 48.6% and 1.3+/-0.2 for groups B and A, respectively). In group B, DE and DP were more than double group A, but DEV was nearly twice as high (9782 J/cm(3) vs. 5342 J/cm(3), for groups B and A, respectively). No significant relationship between DE and coagulation volume was encountered.
Efficacy of a single ICE may be improved with continuous infusion of saline at around 2 mm from the electrode shaft. Coagulation volume obtained with this improved system may be even greater than that obtained with a cluster electrode.
European journal of surgical oncology: the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology 07/2008; 34(7):822-30. · 2.56 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Efficient and safe liver parenchymal transection is dependent on the ability to address both parenchymal division and hemostasis simultaneously. In this article we describe and compare with a saline-linked instrument a new radiofrequency (RF)-assisted device specifically designed for tissue thermocoagulation and division of the liver used on an in vivo pig liver model.
In total, 20 partial hepatectomies were performed on pigs through laparotomy. Two groups were studied: group A (n=8) with hepatectomy performed using only the proposed RF-assisted device and group B (n=8) with hepatectomy performed using only a saline-linked device. Main outcome measures were: transection time, blood loss during transection, transection area, transection speed and blood loss per transection area. Secondary measures were: risk of biliary leakage, tissue coagulation depth and the need for hemostatic stitches. Tissue viability was evaluated in selected samples by staining of tissue NADH.
In group A both blood loss and blood loss per transection area were lower (p=0.001) than in group B (70+/-74 ml and 2+/-2 ml/cm(2) vs. 527+/-273 ml and 13+/-6 ml/cm(2), for groups A and B, respectively). An increase in mean transection speed when using the proposed device over the saline-linked device group was also demonstrated (3+/-0 and 2+/-1cm(2)/min for group A and B, respectively) (p=0.002). Tissue coagulation depth was greater (p=0.005) in group A than in group B (6+/-2 mm and 3+/-1 mm, for groups A and B, respectively). Neither macroscopic nor microscopic differences were encountered in transection surfaces between both groups.
The proposed RF-assisted device was shown to address parenchymal division and hemostasis simultaneously, with less blood loss and faster transection time than saline-linked technology in this experimental model.
European journal of surgical oncology: the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology 06/2008; 34(5):599-605. · 2.56 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The authors' purpose was to create larger and more regular liver lesions in vitro by testing a new hyperthermia approach that uses a bipolar saline-enhanced electrode for radiofrequency (RF) in the audible spectrum and a greater power supply.
The authors' hyperthermia approach (group A, n = 23) was used in excised porcine livers, and the results were compared with those of a previously described monopolar saline-enhanced electrode procedure (group B, n = 23). In each set of experiments, RF in the audible spectrum current (50 Hz) was provided for 15 minutes with a similar ablation protocol. Electrical variables (impedance, current, voltage, power, and energy), temperatures in the lesions, volume size, regularity ratio of the lesion, and microscopic findings were measured.
In group A, the mean volume size and the mean regularity ratio values were 144.8 cm3 +/- 59.8 and 0.78 +/- 0.1, respectively. In group B, the mean volume size and regularity ratio values were 62.1 cm3 +/- 36.4 and 0.62 +/- 0.1, respectively. The values in group B were thus significantly lower than those in group A (P < .01). The lesions in group A were also more homogeneous. No significant differences were found in electrical variables.
The new bipolar saline-enhanced electrode produced larger, more regular, and more homogeneous lesions ex vivo than the previously used monopolar saline-enhanced electrode method. Using a greater power supply increased the amount of coagulative necrosis.
Academic Radiology 12/1999; 6(11):680-6. · 1.69 Impact Factor
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 04/1994; 107(3):960-2. · 3.41 Impact Factor