Noboru Hara

Niigata Cancer Center Hospital, Niahi-niigata, Niigata, Japan

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Publications (72)171.51 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the potential of the RENAL nephrometry score and the PADUA classification in the prediction of perioperative outcomes represented by intraoperative conversion to nephrectomy in patients with renal tumors for which nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) was attempted. Methods: Recent 100 open NSSs attempted for cT1 renal tumors at a single institution were studied retrospectively. Results: With the RENAL, the operation time and ischemia time were longer in the high complexity group (p = 0.01 and p = 0.03, respectively), and blood loss was seemingly greater in this group (394 vs. 220 and 167 ml, p = 0.09). Conversion to nephrectomy was more frequent in the high complexity (4 procedures, 33.3%) than in the low (0%) and moderate (1 procedures, 1.5%) groups (p < 0.01). Regarding the PADUA, the operation time, blood loss and ischemia time increased according to the complexity (p = 0.04, p = 0.02, and p = 0.02, respectively). Conversion to nephrectomy was more frequent in the high complexity (4 procedures, 22.2%) than in the low (0%) and moderate (1 procedure, 1.8%) groups (p < 0.01). In patients with achieved NSS, postoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate was more impaired in the high complexity group in the PADUA (p = 0.02), although not significant in the RENAL (p = 0.11). Conclusions: Both the RENAL and PADUA are useful in the prediction of conversion to nephrectomy in addition to NSS-associated perioperative outcomes. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2013; · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To clarify the effect of the time from the presentation of symptoms to medical consultation (time to consultation) on oncological outcomes in men with testicular cancer and to examine whether the recent improvement of delays in consultation has led to better outcomes. We reviewed 175 consecutive patients registered for testicular cancer (124 men with seminoma and 51 men with nonseminoma) at a single institution between 1991 and 2010. Men with the time to consultation of>6 months (n = 56) had a poorer overall survival than those with the time to consultation of ≤6 months (log-rank test, P = 0.028), despite similar disease stage between them (P = 0.897) and less prevalent nonseminoma in the former (P = 0.032). Although the negative effect of consultation delay on overall survival was significant only in nonseminoma histology (log-rank test, P = 0.004), the time to consultation of>6 months was an independent risk factor associated with poorer overall survival (hazard ratio [HR] = 18.0, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.78-182, P = 0.014), in addition to nonseminoma histology (HR = 17.4, 95% CI: 1.38-219, P = 0.027) and stage II or higher disease (HR = 12.9, 95% CI: 1.36-123, P = 0.026) in all the patients. The time to consultation was positively correlated with the primary tumor size (P<0.001). The time to consultation was shorter and the primary tumor size was seemingly smaller in patients registered between 2001 and 2010 (n = 104) than in those registered between 1991 and 2000 (median 74d vs. 109d, P = 0.042 and 5.8±2.6cm vs. 6.7±3.3cm, P = 0.068, respectively), although disease stage and overall survival were not different between the 2 periods (P = 0.233 and log-rank test, P = 0.719, respectively). The time to consultation and primary tumor size showed a strong positive correlation in men with testicular cancer. Delays in consultation had a negative effect on their survival, particularly in those with nonseminoma. The time to consultation significantly shortened and the primary tumor size was reduced with a borderline significance in men registered between 2001 and 2010 compared with those between 1991 and 2000, although stage migration or survival improvement in recent years was not observed.
    Urologic Oncology 08/2013; · 3.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Surveillance after orchiectomy has recently been a management option in patients with stage I seminoma, while it remains controversial in those with stage I nonseminoma, and the risk factor associated with relapse is still a matter of concern in both entities. This study was performed to explore pathological risk factors for post-orchiectomy relapse in patients with stage I seminoma and nonseminoma, and to assess oncological outcomes in those managed with surveillance. METHODS: In this single institution study, 118 and 40 consecutive patients with stage I seminoma and nonseminoma were reviewed, respectively. Of the 118 patients with stage I seminoma, 56 and one received adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy, respectively, and 61 were managed with surveillance. Of the 40 men with stage I nonseminoma, 4 underwent adjuvant chemotherapy and 36 were managed with surveillance. RESULTS: No patient had cause-specific death during the mean observation period of 104 and 99 months in men with seminoma and nonseminoma, respectively. In men with stage I seminoma, 1 (1.7%) receiving radiotherapy and 4 (6.6%) men managed with surveillance had disease relapse; the 10-year relapse-free survival (RFS) rate was 93.4% in men managed with surveillance, and their RFS was not different from that in patients receiving adjuvant radiotherapy (logrank P=0.15). Patients with tunica albuginea involvement showed a poorer RFS than those without (10-year RFS rate 80.0% vs. 94.1%), although the difference was of borderline significance (P=0.09). In men with stage I nonseminoma, 9 (22.5%) patients experienced relapse. Patients with lymphovascular invasion seemingly had a poorer RFS than those without; 40.0% and 18.7% of the patients with and without lymphovascular invasion had disease relapse, respectively, although the difference was not significant (logrank P=0.17) CONCLUSION: In both men with stage I seminoma and nonseminoma, surveillance after orchiectomy is a feasible option. However, disease extension through tunica albuginea might be a factor associated with disease relapse in patients with organ-confined seminoma, and those with stage I nonseminoma showing lymphovascular invasion may possibly be at high risk for disease relapse.
    Diagnostic Pathology 04/2013; 8(1):57. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Naftopidil, which to a certain extent shows an affinity to α1D-adrenoceptor subtype in addition to a high affinity to α1A-adrenoceptor, has been used for the treatment of benign prostatic obstruction and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) associated lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). The aim of the present review is to systematically refer to the published studies on this unique agent for BPH. Based on a randomized prazosin-controlled study and another double-blind placebo-controlled study, which verified the dose-dependent effects of naftopidil, the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare approved naftopidil for treating men with BPH in 1996. Several tamsulosin-controlled studies have suggested treatment effects of naftopidil similar to those of tamsulosin and potentially higher efficacy for alleviating storage symptoms by naftopidil. Although well-designed, randomized studies are warranted to confirm the long-term outcomes and effector/target of naftopidil, the α1A-antagonist naftopidil, which also blocks α1D-adrenoceptor, improves voiding symptoms, and may also be useful for the management of men with storage symptoms represented by nocturia, retrieving their quality of life impaired by BPH-associated LUTS.
    Therapeutic Advances in Urology 04/2013; 5(2):111-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Intratumoral synthesis of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) from precursors cannot completely explain the castration resistance of prostate cancer. We showed that DHT was intratumorally synthesized from the inactive androgen metabolites 5α-androstane-3α/β,17β-diol (3α/β-diol) in prostate cancer cells via different pathways in a concentration-dependent manner. Additionally, long-term culture in androgen-deprived media increased transcriptomic expression of 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 6 (HSD17B6), a key enzyme of oxidative 3α-HSD that catalyzes the conversion of 3α-diol to DHT in prostate cancer cells. Correspondingly, the score for HSD17B6 in tissues of 42 prostate cancer patients undergoing androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) was about 2-fold higher than that in tissues of 100 untreated individuals. In men receiving ADT, patients showing biochemical progression had a higher HSD17B6 score than those without progression. These results suggested that 3α/β-diol also represent potential precursors of DHT, and the back conversion of DHT from androgen derivatives can be a promising target for combination hormone therapy.
    Scientific Reports 03/2013; 3:1528. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The hand-assisted technique enables the rapid extraction of the graft, shortening the warm ischemia time (WIT), and the retroperitoneoscopic approach is potentially associated with a less incidence of postoperative ileus in donor nephrectomy for living kidney transplantation. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of retroperitoneoscopic donor nephrectomy with a gel-sealed hand-assist access device (GelPort), which is a wound sealing device that permits the access of the hand to the surgical field, free trocar site choice within it, and rapid conversion to open surgery if necessary, while preserving the pneumoperitoneum/pneumoretroperitoneum. METHODS: Seventy-five consecutive donors receiving this procedure were retrospectively studied. A 2-cm skin incision was made at the midpoint between the tip of the 12th rib and superior border of the iliac bone in the midaxillary line, through which retroperitoneal space was made. Preperitoneal wound with a 6 -- 7-cm pararectal incision in the upper abdominal region was connected to the retroperitoneal space. A GelPort was put inside the pararectal surgical wound. The principle was pure retroperitoneoscopic surgery; hand-assist was applied for retraction of the kidney in the renal vessel control and graft extraction. RESULTS: The mean operation time including waiting time for recipient preparation was 242.2+/-37.0 (range: 214.0--409.0) min, and the mean amount of blood loss was 164.3+/-146.6 (range: 10.0--1020.0) ml. The mean WIT was 2.8+/-1.0 (range: 1.0--6.0) min. The shortage of renal vessels or ureter was observed in none of the grafts. No donor experienced blood transfusion, open conversion, or injury of other organs. Blood loss was greater in patients with body mass index (BMI) of 25 kg/m2 or higher than in those with BMI of <25 kg/m2 (218.4+/-98.8 vs. 154.8+/-152.1 ml, P=0.031). No donor had postoperative ileus or reported wound pain leading to decreased activity of daily life or wound cosmetic problem. CONCLUSIONS: Retroperitoneoscopic hand-assisted donor nephrectomy with the mentioned approach was suggested to be a feasible option without compromising safety, although further improvement in surgical techniques is warranted.
    BMC Urology 02/2013; 13(1):7. · 1.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To elucidate the mechanism of the androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)-related decrease in lean body mass (LBM). The LBM and blood samples were studied before and after 6 months of ADT in 72 patients with localized prostate cancer. The LBM was assessed using a foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analyzer. Before ADT, the LBM correlated with none of the serum sex steroid levels; however, it correlated closely with serum 5α-androstane-3α,17β-diol glucuronide (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient = 0.409, P = .001) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-I, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient = 0.329, P = .005). After ADT, the LBM decreased by 0.9% (P = .036), and the serum testosterone and dihydrotestosterone had decreased by 96.8% and 94.3%, respectively (P <.001 for both), and the IGF-I had increased by 11.6% (from 19.9 to 22.2 nmol/L, P = .001). The serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D] levels decreased after ADT by 9.8% (from 66.2 to 59.7 pg/mL, P = .008), and the post-treatment LBM correlated inversely with 1,25(OH)2D (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient = -0.343, P = .003). The post-treatment LBM was dissociated with 5α-androstane-3α,17β-diol glucuronide and IGF-I. The pretreatment and post-treatment LBMs both correlated inversely with serum sex hormone-binding globulin (P = .024 and P = .016, respectively). The deficiency in androgen levels was suggested to be a link to the ADT-related decrease in LBM; the androgen metabolite 5α-androstane-3α,17β-diol glucuronide has a potential value for assessing the LBM in untreated men. IGF-I also promotes muscle building and is positively regulated during ADT. Sex hormone-binding globulin possibly accelerates the ADT-related decrease in LBM. Although the mechanism for the decrease in 1,25(OH)2D and its inverse correlation with LBM during ADT is unclear, 1,25(OH)2D might be a biomarker reflecting the ADT-related decrease in LBM.
    Urology 02/2013; 81(2):376-80. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To clarify the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms and overactive bladder in patients with chronic methyl mercury poisoning. METHODS: A total of 151 patients (61 men and 90 women; mean age 72.1 years) with Niigata Minamata disease were enrolled. An age- and sex-matched group of 150 participants was used as control. Patients reported their International Prostate Symptom Score and overactive bladder symptom score. RESULTS: In men, the total, storage and voiding International Prostate Symptom Score scores were higher in the Niigata Minamata disease group than in the control group (10.6 ± 7.8 vs 5.0 ± 5.0, 4.5 ± 3.3 vs 2.4 ± 2.4 and 6.1 ± 5.1 vs 2.7 ± 3.1, respectively, P < 0.001 in all). In women, these scores were also higher in the Niigata Minamata disease group than in the control group (8.9 ± 7.3 vs 4.0 ± 4.0, 4.4 ± 3.2 vs 2.8 ± 2.4 and 4.5 ± 5.0 vs 1.3 ± 2.0, respectively, P < 0.001 in all). The prevalence of overactive bladder was more frequent in the Niigata Minamata disease group compared with that in the control group (51.7% vs 26.7%, P < 0.001). In both men and women, the overactive bladder symptom score was higher in the Niigata Minamata disease group than in the control group (4.1 ± 3.0 vs 2.4 ± 2.9, P = 0.002 and 4.6 ± 3.6 vs 2.7 ± 2.9, P < 0.001, respectively). The International Prostate Symptom Score and overactive bladder symptom score in the Niigata Minamata disease group were highest in patients aged 60-69 years (P < 0.001 in both), whereas these increased in an age-dependent manner in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Lower urinary tract symptoms and overactive bladder are severe and highly prevalent conditions among patients with methyl mercury poisoning. The higher prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms among patients aged 60-69 years might be related to the fact that they were exposed to methyl mercury during their childhood/development.
    International Journal of Urology 11/2012; · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prediction of pathological outcomes prior to surgery remains a challenging problem for the appropriate surgical indication of prostate cancer. This study was performed to identify preoperative values predictive of pathological and oncological outcomes based on standardized extended prostate biopsies with core histological results diagrammed/mapped in patients receiving radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer clinically diagnosed as localized or locally advanced disease. In 124 patients with clinically localized or locally advanced prostate cancer (cT1c-cT3a) without prior treatment, pathological outcomes on the surgical specimen including seminal vesicle involvement (SVI), positive surgical margin (PSM), and perineural invasion (PNI) were studied in comparison with clinical parameters based on the results of 14-core prostate biopsies comprising sextant, laterally-directed sextant, and bilateral transition zone (TZ) sampling. Concerning the association of pathological outcomes with oncological outcomes, patients with PSM and PNI on surgical specimens had poorer biochemical-progression-free survival than those without PSM (logrank p = 0.002) and PNI (p = 0.003); it was also poorer concerning SVI, although the difference was not significant (p = 0.120). Concerning the impact of clinical parameters on these pathological outcomes, positive TZ and multiple positive biopsy cores in the prostatic middle were independent values predictive of SVI with multivariate analyses (p = 0.020 and p = 0.025, respectively); both positive TZ and multiple positive prostatic middle biopsies were associated with larger tumor volume (p < 0.001 in both). The percentage of positive biopsy cores (%positive cores) and biopsy Gleason score were independent values predictive of PSM (p = 0.001) and PNI (p = 0.001), respectively. Multiple positive cores in the prostatic base were associated with proximal/bladder-side PSM (p < 0.001), and also linked to poorer biochemical-progression-free survival (p = 0.004). Clinical T stage had no association with these pathological outcomes. %positive cores and Gleason score in extended biopsies were independent values predictive of PSM and PNI in prostate cancer clinically diagnosed as localized or locally advanced disease, respectively, which were associated with poorer oncological outcomes. When diagramming biopsy-core results, extended biopsy may provide additional information for predicting oncological and pathological outcomes including SVI in patients clinically diagnosed as having localized or locally advanced disease. VIRTUAL SLIDES: The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/8790262771042628.
    Diagnostic Pathology 06/2012; 7:68. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was performed to elucidate the mechanism of high bone turnover during androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in terms of osteogenic endocrine activity by testosterone, adrenal androgens, and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-I), and to identify markers reflecting the bone mineral density (BMD) during ADT. BMD and samples of blood and urine were studied before and after 6months of ADT in 70 patients with localized prostate cancer. Before ADT, serum free-testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S), androstenedione, and IGF-I levels were correlated with BMD (rs=0.344, p=0.004; rs=0.264, p=0.027; rs=0.329, p=0.005; rs=0.300, p=0.012, respectively). The serum IGF-I level was independently correlated with the pretreatment BMD (Multivariate p=0.001). These relationships disappeared after ADT (p=0.519, 0.316, 0.116, and 0.597, respectively). After ADT, serum levels of free-testosterone decreased (7.9 to 0.2pg/mL), and DHEA-S and androstenedione were also reduced (3.6 to 2.3μmol/L and 5.6 to 2.9nmol/L, respectively) (p<0.001 in all). In contrast, IGF-I levels were elevated after ADT by 11.6% (19.9 to 22.3nmol/L, p<0.001). Delta-values of IGF-I (post- minus pretreatment levels, mean: +2.2, ranged between -7.1 and +15.3) were inversely correlated with the pretreatment (rs=-0.333 p=0.005) and post-treatment (rs=-0.408, p=0.001) BMD. After ADT, the serum IGF-I level was closely correlated with the serum level of the bone formation marker bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) (rs=0.328, p=0.006), and delta-IGF-I and delta-BAP showed a close positive correlation (rs=0.388, p=0.001). The post-treatment BMD was correlated only with the urine deoxypyridinoline (DPD) concentration (rs=-0.302, p=0.024) among the bone formation/resorption markers including serum/urine N-telopeptide. Serum IGF-I levels increased during ADT in men with a low BMD. Coupled with reduced androgen levels, elevated IGF-I levels, which were positively correlated with BAP during ADT, possibly explain the mechanism of ADT-related high bone turnover. The increase of IGF-I is more prominent in men whose BMD is already low at the baseline, and urine DPD might be a marker that reflects BMD during ADT.
    Growth hormone & IGF research: official journal of the Growth Hormone Research Society and the International IGF Research Society 05/2012; 22(3-4):122-8. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Interleukin-6 produced in adipose tissue plays a role in lipid metabolism, and also interacts with sex steroids. This study was performed to elucidate the mechanism of lipid metabolism disorder during androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in terms of the association of interleukin-6 with sex steroids. Seventy-two patients with localized prostate cancer were prospectively studied based on their body-composition and blood samples before and after ADT for 6 months. Before ADT, serum interleukin-6 levels were inversely correlated with serum total-testosterone (rs = -0.305, P = 0.009) and dihydrotestosterone (rs = -0.380, P = 0.006) concentrations, but not correlated with adrenal androgen or estradiol levels. Pretreatment interleukin-6 levels were positively correlated with %body fat (rs = 0.349, P = 0.003) and %visceral fat (rs = 0.384, P = 0.001). After ADT, %body fat increased (P < 0.001) and lean body mass decreased (P = 0.036). After ADT, in contrast to the pretreatment relationship, interleukin-6 levels were positively correlated with total-testosterone concentrations (rs = 0.343, P = 0.003), and were positively correlated also with levels of androstenedione (rs = 0.351, P = 0.002) and estoradiol (rs = 0.335, P = 0.004). Interleukin-6 levels were equivalent between before and after ADT (2.02 vs. 2.16 pg/ml, P = 0.205), but the positive correlation between interleukin-6 levels and %body or %visceral fat noted before ADT disappeared after ADT. Posttreatment interleukin-6 levels had a strong positive correlation with total-testosterone, androstenedione, and estradiol levels, suggesting that a regulation loop may emerge between these sex steroids and interleukin-6 during ADT. The altered association between interleukin-6 and sex steroids is possibly involved in ADT-related lipid metabolism disorder with unchanged interleukin-6 levels despite increased %body fat.
    The Prostate 12/2011; 72(11):1207-13. · 3.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In 2005, the University of California, San Francisco developed the Cancer of the Prostate Risk Assessment (UCSF-CAPRA) score as a new risk stratification tool. The UCSF-CAPRA, which ranges from 0 to 10 points, consists of five clinical variables, prostate-specific antigen, Gleason score, T stage, percent of positive biopsies and age. The aim of this study was to validate the UCSF-CAPRA score for Japanese prostate cancer patients receiving radical prostatectomy using the contemporary Gleason grading. From 1999 to 2010, 211 men who underwent radical prostatectomy were used for validation. Biochemical progression-free survival was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and the UCSF-CAPRA and D'Amico risk categories were compared using the log-rank method. The concordance index (c-index) for the UCSF-CAPRA and D'Amico risk classification was calculated. Using the UCSF-CAPRA score, 85 (40.3%), 106 (50.2%) and 20 (9.5%) subjects were stratified as 0-2 points (low risk), 3-5 points (intermediate risk) and 6-10 points (high risk). Using the D'Amico risk criteria, 66 (31.3%), 89 (42.2%) and 56 (26.5%) were stratified as low-, intermediate- and high-risk groups, respectively. The Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the UCSF-CAPRA divided the patients significantly into each risk category. There was no significant difference between low and intermediate in the D'Amico risk classification. The c-index of the UCSF-CAPRA and D'Amico classification was 0.755 and 0.713, respectively. The UCSF-CAPRA is an acceptable risk category tool comparable to that of the D'Amico risk classification for Japanese prostate cancer patients receiving radical prostatectomy in the contemporary Gleason grading era.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 09/2011; 41(11):1259-64. · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the current study was to establish the predictive accuracy of the Kattan postoperative nomogram for non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in a Japanese population. A total of 211 patients with stage T1-3N0M0 clear cell RCC who underwent radical nephrectomy or nephron-sparing surgery between 1991 and 2004 were included in this analysis. Median follow up was 81 months (range: 4-208). Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed, and the influence of age, sex, clinical presentation, T stage, histological tumor size, grade, and microvascular invasion on disease recurrence-free survival (RFS) was determined. For each patient, the prognostic score for 5-year RFS was calculated using the Kattan nomogram. The discriminating ability of this model was assessed by the concordance index, and bootstrapping was used to evaluate confidence intervals. The 5-year RFS rate for all patients calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method was 80.6%. In multivariate analysis, the statistically significant prognostic factors for 5-year RFS were high-grade tumors (P=0.019) and symptomatic disease (P=0.017). The concordance index for RFS predicted by the Kattan nomogram was 0.735 (95% confidence interval: 0.734-0.736). There was a slight discrepancy between the RFS predicted by the Kattan nomogram and the likelihood of being recurrence-free at 5 years according to the Cox analysis in the current patient population. These findings suggest the necessity of constructing a more useful nomogram for predicting the prognosis of Japanese patients with non-metastatic RCC.
    International Journal of Urology 03/2011; 18(3):194-9. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess long-term oncologic outcomes in patients with renal pelvic cancer who are receiving nephrectomy plus endoscopy-assisted intussusception ureterectomy. There has been no large study reporting long-term oncologic outcomes of this approach in comparison with those of conventional nephroureterectomy plus bladder cuff removal. We reviewed 181 consecutive patients with renal pelvic cancer who underwent open nephroureterectomy with complete bladder cuff removal (cuff removal group, n = 33), nephroureterectomy with incomplete cuff removal (orifice-remaining group, n = 39), and nephrectomy with intussusception ureterectomy (intussusception group, n = 109). Patients in the intussusception group had larger tumor size, higher histologic grade, and more advanced pathologic stage (P = 0.005, 0.021, and 0.030, respectively), while the incidence of coexistent bladder/ureteral cancer was lower in this group (P < 0.001). The mean operative time was shorter in the intussusception group than in the cuff removal and orifice-remaining groups (201.2 ± 33.1 and 221.5 ± 47.2 min, respectively, P < 0.001). The 5-year extraurinary tract recurrence-free survival rate in the intussusception and cuff removal groups was 74.8% and 71.4%, respectively (log-rank P = 0.766), and it was lower in the orifice-remaining group compared with that in the intussusception group (P = 0.031). The 5-year urinary tract recurrence-free survival rate in the intussusception, cuff removal, and orifice-remaining groups was 76.6%, 65.0%, and 65.0%, respectively (intussusception vs cuff removal: P = 0.089). With both univariate and multivariate analyses, intussusception ureterectomy had no significant impact on urinary tract recurrence (multivariate P = 0.553, hazard ratio = 0.784). Nephrectomy plus endoscopy-assisted intussusception ureterectomy is an oncologically safe alternative for renal pelvic cancer patients, which is possibly associated with less patient morbidity.
    Journal of endourology / Endourological Society 03/2011; 25(4):691-7. · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Luteinizing hormone (LH) during androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues (GnRHa) has been thought to be biologically inactive, and the regulation of LH during ADT with GnRHa is thus unknown. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation, and IGF-1 production in the liver is dependent on growth hormone (GH) secretion from the anterior pituitary. Despite the presence of IGF-1 receptors in the gonadotroph, associations between the GH/IGF-1 and pituitary-gonadal axes, e.g., whether IGF-1 elicits the LH secretion, remain unclear. Seventy-one patients with localized prostate cancer, who received ADT with GnRHa, were prospectively studied based on their blood samples before treatment and after ADT for 6 months. We employed highly sensitive assays for measurement of serum testosterone (electrochemiluminescence immunoassay), GH/IGF-1 (radioimmunoassay), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH: immunoradiometric assay), LH (chemiluminescent immunoassay), and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S: chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay). No correlation was noted between the pretreatment LH and IGF-1 levels; after ADT, the serum LH level was closely correlated with the IGF-1 concentration [Spearman's correlation coefficient (rs) = 0.370, P = 0.001]. The serum levels of androgens and gonadotropins reduced following ADT (P < 0.001 in all). The serum IGF-1 level increased (22 ± 6 nmol/L) compared with that at the baseline (19 ± 5 nmol/L) (P < 0.001), but no change was observed in the serum GH concentration between before and after ADT (1.4 ± 2.3 vs. 0.9 ± 0.9 μg/L, respectively, P = 0.691). The serum testosterone level was not correlated with the LH level either before or after ADT. The testosterone and DHEA-S levels after ADT were correlated with ACTH concentration (rs = 0.367, P = 0.002 and rs = 0.354, P = 0.002, respectively). We did not identify any correlations between the serum IGF-1 concentration and Gleason score, PSA value, or androgen levels. During ADT with GnRHa, IGF-1 possibly promotes LH production, although its role is unclear. Associations among pituitary-gonadal, pituitary-adrenal, and GH/IGF-1 axes represented by IGF-1-mediated LH secretion and ACTH-mediated androgen synthesis are of interest, since both prostate epithelium proliferation and male anabolic activity are involved in these 3 axes. Assessment of oncologic outcomes is warranted for their significance in patients with prostate cancer.
    Urologic Oncology 03/2011; 30(5):596-601. · 3.65 Impact Factor
  • Urology 01/2011; 78(3). · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives. To examine the feature of men who benefit from dose escalation of naftopidil for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTSs). Methods. Based on the IPSS, men reporting LUTS were prospectively studied using 50 mg/day of naftopidil for the first 4 weeks; satisfied patients continued its 50 mg/day (n = 11), and those reporting unsatisfactory improvement received its 75 mg/day (n = 35) for the next 4 weeks. Results. The 75 mg group showed improvement in the total IPSS and QOL score in a dose-dependent manner (at 4 weeks: P < .001, at 4 weeks versus 8 weeks: P < .05). In the 50 mg group, both scores reduced at 4 weeks, thereafter unchanged. The baseline slow stream score alone was higher in the 75 mg group (P = .013). The rate of change in the QOL score during the initial 4 weeks (ΔQOL) and Δnocturia was smaller in the 75 mg group (P < .05). Conclusions. Men with high slow stream score and unsatisfactory improvement in nocturia may benefit from dose escalation of naftopidil.
    Advances in Urology 01/2011; 2011:804583.
  • Journal of Urology - J UROL. 01/2011; 185(4).
  • Journal of Urology - J UROL. 01/2011; 185(4).
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    ABSTRACT: The intracellular androgen metabolism and cell activity in prostate cancer cells with mutated (LNCaP-FGC) or wild-type (VCaP) androgen receptors in the presence of trilostane, an inhibitor of 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, were examined. Trilostane suppressed the intracellular production of androstenedione, testosterone, and dihydrotestosterone from dehydroepiandrosterone in LNCaP-FGC cells. In both LNCaP-FGC and VCaP cell types, the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels in media were increased by trilostane alone in a concentration-dependent manner. Both cells pretreated with trilostane showed a dose-dependent decrease in PSA production with bicalutamide (P<0.001). Trilostane should be used with particular concern when treating prostate cancer.
    Cancer letters 11/2010; 297(2):226-30. · 5.02 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

534 Citations
171.51 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006–2013
    • Niigata Cancer Center Hospital
      Niahi-niigata, Niigata, Japan
    • Nagaoka Red Cross Hospital
      Нагаока, Niigata, Japan
  • 2002–2013
    • Niigata University
      • • Division of Urology
      • • Division of Molecular Oncology
      • • Department of Regenerative and Transplant Medicine
      Niahi-niigata, Niigata, Japan