Noboru Hara

Niigata University, Niahi-niigata, Niigata, Japan

Are you Noboru Hara?

Claim your profile

Publications (80)241.72 Total impact

  • International Journal of Urology 10/2015; DOI:10.1111/iju.12996 · 2.41 Impact Factor

  • The Journal of Urology 04/2015; 193(4):e678-e679. DOI:10.1016/j.juro.2015.02.2059 · 4.47 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Noboru Hara · Makoto Kawaguchi · Keisuke Takeda · Yoh Zen ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: IgG4-related autoimmune pancreatitis is frequently accompanied by relevant lesions in the genitourinary tract and retroperitoneal organs, which cause various clinical problems, ranging from non-specific back pain or bladder outlet obstruction to renal failure. The diagnosis of IgG4-related retroperitoneal fibrosis requires a multidisciplinary approach, including serological tests, histological examination, imaging analysis, and susceptibility to steroid therapy. Radiological examinations are helpful to diagnose this condition, but surgical resection is occasionally unavoidable to exclude malignancy, particularly for patients with isolated retroperitoneal involvement. Steroid therapy is the treatment of choice for this condition, the same as for other manifestations of IgG4-related disease. For patients with severe ureteral obstruction, additional ureteral stenting needs to be considered prior to steroid therapy to preserve the renal function. Some papers have suggested that IgG4-related disease can affect male reproductive organs including the prostate and testis. IgG4-related prostatitis usually causes lower urinary tract symptoms, such as dysuria and pollakisuria. Patients sometimes state that corticosteroids given for IgG4-related disease at other sites relieve their lower urinary tract symptoms, which leads us to suspect prostatic involvement in this condition. Because of the limited number of publications available, further studies are warranted to better characterize IgG4-related disease in male reproductive organs.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2014; 20(44):16550-16558. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v20.i44.16550 · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • Noboru Hara · Tsutomu Nishiyama ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Androgen and androgen receptor (AR) play a critical role in the development of prostate cancer. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) has become the therapeutic mainstay for patients with metastatic prostate cancer. ADT can reduce the serum testosterone level from the normal range between 500 and 600 ng/dl to the castrate level. Following surgical castration, the serum testosterone level decreases to less than 20 ng/dL (0.69 nmol/L) in about three quarters of the patients. Although insufficient suppressions of the serum testosterone level following ADT have not been well recognized to date, the failure in achieving the castrate level of testosterone may have an adverse impact on survival in men with prostate cancer. Although circulating testosterone levels following castration do not necessarily reflect the amount of intraprostatic testosterone or dihydrotestosterone, testosterone during ADT mainly derives from intratumorally synthesized precursors and adrenal androgens. The advent of new agents represented by abiraterone acetate and enzalutamide, which target adrenal or intraprostatic androgen biosynthesis and AR signaling, respectively, has retrieved interest in testosterone levels during ADT. We critically reviewed androgen metabolism and its significance in prostate cancer biology and treatment to promote their better understanding and management of men with prostate cancer.
    Current Drug Targets 10/2014; 15(13). DOI:10.2174/1389450115666141024114736 · 3.02 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the potential of the RENAL nephrometry score and the PADUA classification in the prediction of perioperative outcomes represented by intraoperative conversion to nephrectomy in patients with renal tumors for which nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) was attempted. Methods: Recent 100 open NSSs attempted for cT1 renal tumors at a single institution were studied retrospectively. Results: With the RENAL, the operation time and ischemia time were longer in the high complexity group (p = 0.01 and p = 0.03, respectively), and blood loss was seemingly greater in this group (394 vs. 220 and 167 ml, p = 0.09). Conversion to nephrectomy was more frequent in the high complexity (4 procedures, 33.3%) than in the low (0%) and moderate (1 procedures, 1.5%) groups (p < 0.01). Regarding the PADUA, the operation time, blood loss and ischemia time increased according to the complexity (p = 0.04, p = 0.02, and p = 0.02, respectively). Conversion to nephrectomy was more frequent in the high complexity (4 procedures, 22.2%) than in the low (0%) and moderate (1 procedure, 1.8%) groups (p < 0.01). In patients with achieved NSS, postoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate was more impaired in the high complexity group in the PADUA (p = 0.02), although not significant in the RENAL (p = 0.11). Conclusions: Both the RENAL and PADUA are useful in the prediction of conversion to nephrectomy in addition to NSS-associated perioperative outcomes.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2013; 91(3). DOI:10.1159/000353086 · 1.43 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To clarify the effect of the time from the presentation of symptoms to medical consultation (time to consultation) on oncological outcomes in men with testicular cancer and to examine whether the recent improvement of delays in consultation has led to better outcomes. We reviewed 175 consecutive patients registered for testicular cancer (124 men with seminoma and 51 men with nonseminoma) at a single institution between 1991 and 2010. Men with the time to consultation of>6 months (n = 56) had a poorer overall survival than those with the time to consultation of ≤6 months (log-rank test, P = 0.028), despite similar disease stage between them (P = 0.897) and less prevalent nonseminoma in the former (P = 0.032). Although the negative effect of consultation delay on overall survival was significant only in nonseminoma histology (log-rank test, P = 0.004), the time to consultation of>6 months was an independent risk factor associated with poorer overall survival (hazard ratio [HR] = 18.0, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.78-182, P = 0.014), in addition to nonseminoma histology (HR = 17.4, 95% CI: 1.38-219, P = 0.027) and stage II or higher disease (HR = 12.9, 95% CI: 1.36-123, P = 0.026) in all the patients. The time to consultation was positively correlated with the primary tumor size (P<0.001). The time to consultation was shorter and the primary tumor size was seemingly smaller in patients registered between 2001 and 2010 (n = 104) than in those registered between 1991 and 2000 (median 74d vs. 109d, P = 0.042 and 5.8±2.6cm vs. 6.7±3.3cm, P = 0.068, respectively), although disease stage and overall survival were not different between the 2 periods (P = 0.233 and log-rank test, P = 0.719, respectively). The time to consultation and primary tumor size showed a strong positive correlation in men with testicular cancer. Delays in consultation had a negative effect on their survival, particularly in those with nonseminoma. The time to consultation significantly shortened and the primary tumor size was reduced with a borderline significance in men registered between 2001 and 2010 compared with those between 1991 and 2000, although stage migration or survival improvement in recent years was not observed.
    Urologic Oncology 08/2013; 32(1). DOI:10.1016/j.urolonc.2013.05.007 · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Surveillance after orchiectomy has recently been a management option in patients with stage I seminoma, while it remains controversial in those with stage I nonseminoma, and the risk factor associated with relapse is still a matter of concern in both entities. This study was performed to explore pathological risk factors for post-orchiectomy relapse in patients with stage I seminoma and nonseminoma, and to assess oncological outcomes in those managed with surveillance. Methods In this single institution study, 118 and 40 consecutive patients with stage I seminoma and nonseminoma were reviewed, respectively. Of the 118 patients with stage I seminoma, 56 and one received adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy, respectively, and 61 were managed with surveillance. Of the 40 men with stage I nonseminoma, 4 underwent adjuvant chemotherapy and 36 were managed with surveillance. Results No patient had cause-specific death during the mean observation period of 104 and 99 months in men with seminoma and nonseminoma, respectively. In men with stage I seminoma, 1 (1.7%) receiving radiotherapy and 4 (6.6%) men managed with surveillance had disease relapse; the 10-year relapse-free survival (RFS) rate was 93.4% in men managed with surveillance, and their RFS was not different from that in patients receiving adjuvant radiotherapy (logrank P=0.15). Patients with tunica albuginea involvement showed a poorer RFS than those without (10-year RFS rate 80.0% vs. 94.1%), although the difference was of borderline significance (P=0.09). In men with stage I nonseminoma, 9 (22.5%) patients experienced relapse. Patients with lymphovascular invasion seemingly had a poorer RFS than those without; 40.0% and 18.7% of the patients with and without lymphovascular invasion had disease relapse, respectively, although the difference was not significant (logrank P=0.17). Conclusion In both men with stage I seminoma and nonseminoma, surveillance after orchiectomy is a feasible option. However, disease extension through tunica albuginea might be a factor associated with disease relapse in patients with organ-confined seminoma, and those with stage I nonseminoma showing lymphovascular invasion may possibly be at high risk for disease relapse.
    Diagnostic Pathology 04/2013; 8(1):57. DOI:10.1186/1746-1596-8-57 · 2.60 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Noboru Hara · Takaki Mizusawa · Kenji Obara · Kota Takahashi ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Naftopidil, which to a certain extent shows an affinity to α1D-adrenoceptor subtype in addition to a high affinity to α1A-adrenoceptor, has been used for the treatment of benign prostatic obstruction and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) associated lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). The aim of the present review is to systematically refer to the published studies on this unique agent for BPH. Based on a randomized prazosin-controlled study and another double-blind placebo-controlled study, which verified the dose-dependent effects of naftopidil, the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare approved naftopidil for treating men with BPH in 1996. Several tamsulosin-controlled studies have suggested treatment effects of naftopidil similar to those of tamsulosin and potentially higher efficacy for alleviating storage symptoms by naftopidil. Although well-designed, randomized studies are warranted to confirm the long-term outcomes and effector/target of naftopidil, the α1A-antagonist naftopidil, which also blocks α1D-adrenoceptor, improves voiding symptoms, and may also be useful for the management of men with storage symptoms represented by nocturia, retrieving their quality of life impaired by BPH-associated LUTS.
    Therapeutic Advances in Urology 04/2013; 5(2):111-9. DOI:10.1177/1756287212461681
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Intratumoral synthesis of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) from precursors cannot completely explain the castration resistance of prostate cancer. We showed that DHT was intratumorally synthesized from the inactive androgen metabolites 5α-androstane-3α/β,17β-diol (3α/β-diol) in prostate cancer cells via different pathways in a concentration-dependent manner. Additionally, long-term culture in androgen-deprived media increased transcriptomic expression of 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 6 (HSD17B6), a key enzyme of oxidative 3α-HSD that catalyzes the conversion of 3α-diol to DHT in prostate cancer cells. Correspondingly, the score for HSD17B6 in tissues of 42 prostate cancer patients undergoing androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) was about 2-fold higher than that in tissues of 100 untreated individuals. In men receiving ADT, patients showing biochemical progression had a higher HSD17B6 score than those without progression. These results suggested that 3α/β-diol also represent potential precursors of DHT, and the back conversion of DHT from androgen derivatives can be a promising target for combination hormone therapy.
    Scientific Reports 03/2013; 3(4):1528. DOI:10.1038/srep01528 · 5.58 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background The hand-assisted technique enables the rapid extraction of the graft, shortening the warm ischemia time (WIT), and the retroperitoneoscopic approach is potentially associated with a less incidence of postoperative ileus in donor nephrectomy for living kidney transplantation. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of retroperitoneoscopic donor nephrectomy with a gel-sealed hand-assist access device (GelPort), which is a wound sealing device that permits the access of the hand to the surgical field, free trocar site choice within it, and rapid conversion to open surgery if necessary, while preserving the pneumoperitoneum/pneumoretroperitoneum. Methods Seventy-five consecutive donors receiving this procedure were retrospectively studied. A 2-cm skin incision was made at the midpoint between the tip of the 12th rib and superior border of the iliac bone in the midaxillary line, through which retroperitoneal space was made. Preperitoneal wound with a 6 – 7-cm pararectal incision in the upper abdominal region was connected to the retroperitoneal space. A GelPort was put inside the pararectal surgical wound. The principle was pure retroperitoneoscopic surgery; hand-assist was applied for retraction of the kidney in the renal vessel control and graft extraction. Results The mean operation time including waiting time for recipient preparation was 242.2±37.0 (range: 214.0–409.0) min, and the mean amount of blood loss was 164.3±146.6 (range: 10.0–1020.0) ml. The mean WIT was 2.8±1.0 (range: 1.0–6.0) min. The shortage of renal vessels or ureter was observed in none of the grafts. No donor experienced blood transfusion, open conversion, or injury of other organs. Blood loss was greater in patients with body mass index (BMI) of 25 kg/m2 or higher than in those with BMI of <25 kg/m2 (218.4±98.8 vs. 154.8±152.1 ml, P=0.031). No donor had postoperative ileus or reported wound pain leading to decreased activity of daily life or wound cosmetic problem. Conclusions Retroperitoneoscopic hand-assisted donor nephrectomy with the mentioned approach was suggested to be a feasible option without compromising safety, although further improvement in surgical techniques is warranted.
    BMC Urology 02/2013; 13(1):7. DOI:10.1186/1471-2490-13-7 · 1.41 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To elucidate the mechanism of the androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)-related decrease in lean body mass (LBM). The LBM and blood samples were studied before and after 6 months of ADT in 72 patients with localized prostate cancer. The LBM was assessed using a foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analyzer. Before ADT, the LBM correlated with none of the serum sex steroid levels; however, it correlated closely with serum 5α-androstane-3α,17β-diol glucuronide (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient = 0.409, P = .001) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-I, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient = 0.329, P = .005). After ADT, the LBM decreased by 0.9% (P = .036), and the serum testosterone and dihydrotestosterone had decreased by 96.8% and 94.3%, respectively (P <.001 for both), and the IGF-I had increased by 11.6% (from 19.9 to 22.2 nmol/L, P = .001). The serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D] levels decreased after ADT by 9.8% (from 66.2 to 59.7 pg/mL, P = .008), and the post-treatment LBM correlated inversely with 1,25(OH)2D (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient = -0.343, P = .003). The post-treatment LBM was dissociated with 5α-androstane-3α,17β-diol glucuronide and IGF-I. The pretreatment and post-treatment LBMs both correlated inversely with serum sex hormone-binding globulin (P = .024 and P = .016, respectively). The deficiency in androgen levels was suggested to be a link to the ADT-related decrease in LBM; the androgen metabolite 5α-androstane-3α,17β-diol glucuronide has a potential value for assessing the LBM in untreated men. IGF-I also promotes muscle building and is positively regulated during ADT. Sex hormone-binding globulin possibly accelerates the ADT-related decrease in LBM. Although the mechanism for the decrease in 1,25(OH)2D and its inverse correlation with LBM during ADT is unclear, 1,25(OH)2D might be a biomarker reflecting the ADT-related decrease in LBM.
    Urology 02/2013; 81(2):376-80. DOI:10.1016/j.urology.2012.10.050 · 2.19 Impact Factor
  • Noboru Hara · Hisashi Saito · Kota Takahashi · Masayuki Takeda ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To clarify the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms and overactive bladder in patients with chronic methyl mercury poisoning. Methods: A total of 151 patients (61 men and 90 women; mean age 72.1 years) with Niigata Minamata disease were enrolled. An age- and sex-matched group of 150 participants was used as control. Patients reported their International Prostate Symptom Score and overactive bladder symptom score. Results: In men, the total, storage and voiding International Prostate Symptom Score scores were higher in the Niigata Minamata disease group than in the control group (10.6 ± 7.8 vs 5.0 ± 5.0, 4.5 ± 3.3 vs 2.4 ± 2.4 and 6.1 ± 5.1 vs 2.7 ± 3.1, respectively, P < 0.001 in all). In women, these scores were also higher in the Niigata Minamata disease group than in the control group (8.9 ± 7.3 vs 4.0 ± 4.0, 4.4 ± 3.2 vs 2.8 ± 2.4 and 4.5 ± 5.0 vs 1.3 ± 2.0, respectively, P < 0.001 in all). The prevalence of overactive bladder was more frequent in the Niigata Minamata disease group compared with that in the control group (51.7% vs 26.7%, P < 0.001). In both men and women, the overactive bladder symptom score was higher in the Niigata Minamata disease group than in the control group (4.1 ± 3.0 vs 2.4 ± 2.9, P = 0.002 and 4.6 ± 3.6 vs 2.7 ± 2.9, P < 0.001, respectively). The International Prostate Symptom Score and overactive bladder symptom score in the Niigata Minamata disease group were highest in patients aged 60-69 years (P < 0.001 in both), whereas these increased in an age-dependent manner in the control group. Conclusions: Lower urinary tract symptoms and overactive bladder are severe and highly prevalent conditions among patients with methyl mercury poisoning. The higher prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms among patients aged 60-69 years might be related to the fact that they were exposed to methyl mercury during their childhood/development.
    International Journal of Urology 11/2012; 20(6). DOI:10.1111/iju.12001 · 2.41 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Interleukin-6 produced in adipose tissue plays a role in lipid metabolism, and also interacts with sex steroids. This study was performed to elucidate the mechanism of lipid metabolism disorder during androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in terms of the association of interleukin-6 with sex steroids. Seventy-two patients with localized prostate cancer were prospectively studied based on their body-composition and blood samples before and after ADT for 6 months. Before ADT, serum interleukin-6 levels were inversely correlated with serum total-testosterone (rs = -0.305, P = 0.009) and dihydrotestosterone (rs = -0.380, P = 0.006) concentrations, but not correlated with adrenal androgen or estradiol levels. Pretreatment interleukin-6 levels were positively correlated with %body fat (rs = 0.349, P = 0.003) and %visceral fat (rs = 0.384, P = 0.001). After ADT, %body fat increased (P < 0.001) and lean body mass decreased (P = 0.036). After ADT, in contrast to the pretreatment relationship, interleukin-6 levels were positively correlated with total-testosterone concentrations (rs = 0.343, P = 0.003), and were positively correlated also with levels of androstenedione (rs = 0.351, P = 0.002) and estoradiol (rs = 0.335, P = 0.004). Interleukin-6 levels were equivalent between before and after ADT (2.02 vs. 2.16 pg/ml, P = 0.205), but the positive correlation between interleukin-6 levels and %body or %visceral fat noted before ADT disappeared after ADT. Posttreatment interleukin-6 levels had a strong positive correlation with total-testosterone, androstenedione, and estradiol levels, suggesting that a regulation loop may emerge between these sex steroids and interleukin-6 during ADT. The altered association between interleukin-6 and sex steroids is possibly involved in ADT-related lipid metabolism disorder with unchanged interleukin-6 levels despite increased %body fat.
    The Prostate 08/2012; 72(11):1207-13. DOI:10.1002/pros.22471 · 3.57 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The prediction of pathological outcomes prior to surgery remains a challenging problem for the appropriate surgical indication of prostate cancer. This study was performed to identify preoperative values predictive of pathological and oncological outcomes based on standardized extended prostate biopsies with core histological results diagrammed/mapped in patients receiving radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer clinically diagnosed as localized or locally advanced disease. In 124 patients with clinically localized or locally advanced prostate cancer (cT1c-cT3a) without prior treatment, pathological outcomes on the surgical specimen including seminal vesicle involvement (SVI), positive surgical margin (PSM), and perineural invasion (PNI) were studied in comparison with clinical parameters based on the results of 14-core prostate biopsies comprising sextant, laterally-directed sextant, and bilateral transition zone (TZ) sampling. Concerning the association of pathological outcomes with oncological outcomes, patients with PSM and PNI on surgical specimens had poorer biochemical-progression-free survival than those without PSM (logrank p = 0.002) and PNI (p = 0.003); it was also poorer concerning SVI, although the difference was not significant (p = 0.120). Concerning the impact of clinical parameters on these pathological outcomes, positive TZ and multiple positive biopsy cores in the prostatic middle were independent values predictive of SVI with multivariate analyses (p = 0.020 and p = 0.025, respectively); both positive TZ and multiple positive prostatic middle biopsies were associated with larger tumor volume (p < 0.001 in both). The percentage of positive biopsy cores (%positive cores) and biopsy Gleason score were independent values predictive of PSM (p = 0.001) and PNI (p = 0.001), respectively. Multiple positive cores in the prostatic base were associated with proximal/bladder-side PSM (p < 0.001), and also linked to poorer biochemical-progression-free survival (p = 0.004). Clinical T stage had no association with these pathological outcomes. %positive cores and Gleason score in extended biopsies were independent values predictive of PSM and PNI in prostate cancer clinically diagnosed as localized or locally advanced disease, respectively, which were associated with poorer oncological outcomes. When diagramming biopsy-core results, extended biopsy may provide additional information for predicting oncological and pathological outcomes including SVI in patients clinically diagnosed as having localized or locally advanced disease. VIRTUAL SLIDES: The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here:
    Diagnostic Pathology 06/2012; 7(1):68. DOI:10.1186/1746-1596-7-68 · 2.60 Impact Factor

  • Cancer Research 06/2012; 72(8 Supplement):960-960. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2012-960 · 9.33 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study was performed to elucidate the mechanism of high bone turnover during androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in terms of osteogenic endocrine activity by testosterone, adrenal androgens, and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-I), and to identify markers reflecting the bone mineral density (BMD) during ADT. BMD and samples of blood and urine were studied before and after 6months of ADT in 70 patients with localized prostate cancer. Before ADT, serum free-testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S), androstenedione, and IGF-I levels were correlated with BMD (rs=0.344, p=0.004; rs=0.264, p=0.027; rs=0.329, p=0.005; rs=0.300, p=0.012, respectively). The serum IGF-I level was independently correlated with the pretreatment BMD (Multivariate p=0.001). These relationships disappeared after ADT (p=0.519, 0.316, 0.116, and 0.597, respectively). After ADT, serum levels of free-testosterone decreased (7.9 to 0.2pg/mL), and DHEA-S and androstenedione were also reduced (3.6 to 2.3μmol/L and 5.6 to 2.9nmol/L, respectively) (p<0.001 in all). In contrast, IGF-I levels were elevated after ADT by 11.6% (19.9 to 22.3nmol/L, p<0.001). Delta-values of IGF-I (post- minus pretreatment levels, mean: +2.2, ranged between -7.1 and +15.3) were inversely correlated with the pretreatment (rs=-0.333 p=0.005) and post-treatment (rs=-0.408, p=0.001) BMD. After ADT, the serum IGF-I level was closely correlated with the serum level of the bone formation marker bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) (rs=0.328, p=0.006), and delta-IGF-I and delta-BAP showed a close positive correlation (rs=0.388, p=0.001). The post-treatment BMD was correlated only with the urine deoxypyridinoline (DPD) concentration (rs=-0.302, p=0.024) among the bone formation/resorption markers including serum/urine N-telopeptide. Serum IGF-I levels increased during ADT in men with a low BMD. Coupled with reduced androgen levels, elevated IGF-I levels, which were positively correlated with BAP during ADT, possibly explain the mechanism of ADT-related high bone turnover. The increase of IGF-I is more prominent in men whose BMD is already low at the baseline, and urine DPD might be a marker that reflects BMD during ADT.
    Growth hormone & IGF research: official journal of the Growth Hormone Research Society and the International IGF Research Society 05/2012; 22(3-4):122-8. DOI:10.1016/j.ghir.2012.04.003 · 1.41 Impact Factor

  • The Journal of Urology 04/2012; 187(4):e321. DOI:10.1016/j.juro.2012.02.873 · 4.47 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In 2005, the University of California, San Francisco developed the Cancer of the Prostate Risk Assessment (UCSF-CAPRA) score as a new risk stratification tool. The UCSF-CAPRA, which ranges from 0 to 10 points, consists of five clinical variables, prostate-specific antigen, Gleason score, T stage, percent of positive biopsies and age. The aim of this study was to validate the UCSF-CAPRA score for Japanese prostate cancer patients receiving radical prostatectomy using the contemporary Gleason grading. From 1999 to 2010, 211 men who underwent radical prostatectomy were used for validation. Biochemical progression-free survival was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and the UCSF-CAPRA and D'Amico risk categories were compared using the log-rank method. The concordance index (c-index) for the UCSF-CAPRA and D'Amico risk classification was calculated. Using the UCSF-CAPRA score, 85 (40.3%), 106 (50.2%) and 20 (9.5%) subjects were stratified as 0-2 points (low risk), 3-5 points (intermediate risk) and 6-10 points (high risk). Using the D'Amico risk criteria, 66 (31.3%), 89 (42.2%) and 56 (26.5%) were stratified as low-, intermediate- and high-risk groups, respectively. The Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the UCSF-CAPRA divided the patients significantly into each risk category. There was no significant difference between low and intermediate in the D'Amico risk classification. The c-index of the UCSF-CAPRA and D'Amico classification was 0.755 and 0.713, respectively. The UCSF-CAPRA is an acceptable risk category tool comparable to that of the D'Amico risk classification for Japanese prostate cancer patients receiving radical prostatectomy in the contemporary Gleason grading era.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 09/2011; 41(11):1259-64. DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyr136 · 2.02 Impact Factor

  • Urology 09/2011; 78(3). DOI:10.1016/j.urology.2011.07.1003 · 2.19 Impact Factor

  • Urology 09/2011; 78(3). DOI:10.1016/j.urology.2011.07.262 · 2.19 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

829 Citations
241.72 Total Impact Points


  • 2002-2014
    • Niigata University
      • • Division of Urology
      • • Department of Regenerative and Transplant Medicine
      • • Department of Signal Transduction Research
      Niahi-niigata, Niigata, Japan
  • 2006-2013
    • Niigata Cancer Center Hospital
      Niahi-niigata, Niigata, Japan