[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Acute liver failure (ALF) is a clinical syndrome associated with significant morbidity and mortality with a highly unpredictable outcome. We retrospectively analyzed 71 ALF patients (53 males; mean age = 27.5 ± 15.6 years) that underwent transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) at our institution. The aims of this study are (i) to report our experience with TJLB in these patients, and (ii) to examine the role of liver histology in predicting their outcome. We also compared the histopathological findings between TJLB and explanted liver specimens in 31 patients who underwent liver transplantation (LT). Biopsy specimens were satisfactory for histopathological analyses in 69 (97.1%) patients, confirmed the clinical diagnosis in 56 (81.2%) patients, and altered the diagnosis in 13 (18.8%) patients. Minor complications were encountered in four (5.6%) patients. Percentage of hepatocyte necrosis was the only histological parameter that has significant discriminatory prognostic value, with no survivors having >75% necrosis without LT. In conclusions, TJLB is a safe technique for obtaining liver tissue in both adult and pediatric patients with ALF. Histological characteristics, mainly etiological diagnosis and degree of hepatocyte necrosis may assist in clinical decision-making for need of LT in these patients.
Transplant International 04/2012; 25(6):658-62. DOI:10.1111/j.1432-2277.2012.01470.x · 3.16 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the major concerns following liver transplantation (LT). With the potential antitumor properties of interferon (IFN), their role in prevention of HCC recurrence is to be defined. We retrospectively reviewed 46 patients who underwent LT for hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related HCC between January 2004 and December 2008. Twenty-four (52.2%) patients with biopsy-proven HCV recurrence received antiviral therapy (IFN group); their outcomes were compared with 22 patients (control group). There was no significant difference for tumor size, number, and type of neo-adjuvant therapy between the two groups. The 1- and 3-year overall patient survival (100% vs. 90.9% and 87.3% vs. 71.8%; P = 0.150) and tumor-free survival (100% vs. 72.7% and 83.1% vs. 67.5%; P = 0.214) between IFN and control group were comparable. HCC recurrence was the most common cause of death (n = 6 of 12, 50%), all in the control group. During follow-up, seven (15.2%) patients developed HCC recurrence: one (4.1%) in the IFN group and six (27.3%) in the control group (P < 0.05). In conclusions, HCC recurrence rate and related deaths were significantly lower in patients that received post-transplant antiviral therapy for recurrent HCV.
Transplant International 12/2011; 25(2):192-200. DOI:10.1111/j.1432-2277.2011.01396.x · 3.16 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: With increased understanding of cancer biology, a multitude of pathological, genetic, and molecular events that drive hepatocarcinogenesis, including angiogenesis, invasion, and metastasis, has been identified. Lately, they are being aggressively evaluated due to challenges involved in establishing early diagnosis, optimizing therapy for cancer inducing hepatotrophic viruses, minimizing the emergence of new tumors, and preventing recurrence after surgical resection or liver transplantation. This comprehensive review examines and critiques the evidence from published manuscripts reporting various tissue and serum biomarkers involved in hepatocellular carcinoma. These markers not only help in prediction of prognosis or recurrence, but may also assist in deciding appropriate modality of therapy and represent novel targets for potential therapeutic agents.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nontuberculous mycobacteria are a rare cause of disease in solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. The impact of mycobacterial infections in transplant recipients necessitates prompt diagnosis and early initiation of therapy. However, diagnosis remains difficult and there is a lack of specific recommendations for the choice of anti-mycobacterial drugs, duration of therapy, and monitoring of graft function as well as immunosuppression in these patients. Issues involved in the management are illustrated by an index case of hepatic allograft infection due to Mycobacterium avium complex.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic liver resection is one of the most complex procedures in hepatobiliary surgery. In the last two decades, laparoscopic liver surgery has emerged as an option at major academic institutions. The purpose of this study is to describe the initial experience of minimally invasive liver resections at a non-academic institution.
We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients undergoing laparoscopic liver resections between June 2006 and December 2009 at our center. Indications, technical aspects, and outcomes of these patients are described.
Laparoscopic liver resection was attempted in 28 patients. Of these, 27 patients underwent laparoscopic liver resection (22 total laparoscopic and 5 hand assisted) and one needed conversion to open surgery. Twenty patients had a benign lesion and 8 had malignant lesions. Three patients had multiple lesions in different segments requiring separate resections. The lesions were located in segments II-III (n=18), IV (n=3), V-VI (n=9), and VII (n=1). Tumor size ranged from 1.5 cm to 8.5 cm. The surgical procedures included left lateral sectionectomy (n=17), left hepatectomy (n=2), sectionectomy (n=8), and local resections (n=4). Median operative time was 110 minutes (range 55-210 minutes), and the median length of hospital stay was 2.5 days (range 1-7 days). There was no perioperative mortality. One patient developed hernia at the site of tumor extraction requiring repair at 3 months.
Laparoscopic liver resections can be safely performed in selected patients with benign and malignant liver tumors. With increasing experience, laparoscopic liver resections are likely to become a favorable alternative to open resection.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chronic HBV infection is a dynamic state of interaction between HBV, hepatocytes, and the immune system of the host. A series of reactivation flares and remissions may occur due to multiple causes. Among them, spontaneous reactivation and immunosuppressive drugs including steroids or cancer chemotherapy are well known. This is due to immune-mediated destruction of HBV-expressing cells following withdrawal of immunosuppressive effect. Few cases have been reported in females during postpartum period. We report a case of fulminant hepatic failure during pregnancy in a previously unrecognized hepatitis B positive female requiring emergent liver transplantation.
Annals of hepatology: official journal of the Mexican Association of Hepatology 01/2011; 10(2):233-6. · 2.19 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bile duct hamartomas (von Meyenburg complex) are the rare benign neoplasm of the liver due to dysembryogenesis; constituted historically, cystic dilatations of the bile duct encompassed by fibrous stroma. Usually, they are asymptomatic and are not detected on routine radiological examinations including ultrasound or CT scan. Magnetic resonance cholangiography has been suggested as the best investigation for their imaging diagnosis. Their presence can cause diagnostics confusion and complicate the patient's management. We report a 45-year-old female with symptomatic cholelithiasis, whose liver on laparoscopy mimicked multiple hepatic metastases.
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 10/2010; 14(10):1629-31. DOI:10.1007/s11605-010-1224-9 · 2.39 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Giant cell tumors are rare and highly malignant tumors of the pancreas. Based on two distinct cell populations, they have been divided into two subtypes corresponding to the osteoclast-like giant cell tumor and the pleomorphic giant cell carcinoma of the pancreas. Distinctive imaging features of the tumors remain uncharacterized. Surgical removal is the only appropriate treatment for them, but responses to chemotherapy or radiotherapy remain undocumented.
Clinical, radiological, histopathologic, and immunohistochemical features of two cases of giant cell tumor of the pancreas are presented along with a brief review of the literature.
En-bloc resection was done successfully in both cases. The patient with an osteoclast-like giant cell tumor remained disease-free with no clinical or radiological evidence of recurrence at 6 months after surgery. However, the patient with the pleomorphic type died 4 months later due to diffuse pulmonary metastasis.
En-bloc surgical resection is the only appropriate treatment for giant cell tumors. The overall prognosis of these tumors is poorer than that of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, especially the pleomorphic type. More studies are required to document the management and outcomes of the tumors.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Metastasizing pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is a rare condition displaying benign histological features as of PA in the metastatic lesion. The present study report a case of 46 years old male presented with space occupying lesion in the right lobe of liver. Patient underwent extended right hepatectomy for space occupying lesion in liver and the histological features were suggestive of metastatic benign pleomorphic adenoma. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice for both primary and metastatic lesion.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) is the most frequent vascular complication following orthotopic liver transplantation. Urgent retransplantation has been considered as the mainstay therapy. Surgical revascularization is an effective alternative in asymptomatic patients. Endovascular therapies including intra-arterial thrombolysis, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), and stent placement have shown encouraging results in recent years; however, their use remains controversial because of potential risk of hemorrhage. Until June 2009, 69 cases were published in 16 reports describing therapeutic potential of endovascular modalities. Interventions were performed as early as within 4 h to as late as 120 days in patients ranging from 4 months to 64 years of age. Majority of published reports suggested the use of urokinase. Thrombolysis was successful in 47 out of 69 (68%) patients. Bleeding was the most common complication including fatal intra-abdominal hemorrhage in three patients. Twenty-nine out of 47 (62%) patients underwent further intervention in the form of PTA, stenting, or both. The follow-up patency ranged from 1 month to 26 months. In conclusion, whenever possible, efforts should be made to rescue the liver grafts through urgent revascularization (surgical and/or endovascular) depending on patient's condition and interventional expertise at the transplant center; reserving the option of retransplantation for failure, complications, and cases with severe clinical symptoms or allograft dysfunction.
Transplant International 03/2010; 23(3):245-56. DOI:10.1111/j.1432-2277.2009.01037.x · 3.16 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hepatic artery thrombosis remains one of the major causes of graft failure and mortality in liver transplant recipients. Urgent re-transplantation has been considered as mainstay therapy; however, even with re-transplantation mortality of more than 50% has been reported by many series. Early detection on Doppler ultrasonography and subsequent revascularization in asymptomatic patients can avoid graft loss. Endovascular therapy including intra-arterial thrombolysis, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, and stent placement have shown encouraging results in recent years; nevertheless, their use remains controversial due to potential risk of bleeding. We present a case of early hepatic artery thrombosis following liver transplantation treated successfully with continuous transcatheter intra-arterial thrombolysis using tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA).
Vascular and Endovascular Surgery 02/2010; 44(2):134-8. DOI:10.1177/1538574409348353 · 0.77 Impact Factor