F Milone

University of Naples Federico II, Napoli, Campania, Italy

Are you F Milone?

Claim your profile

Publications (43)64.5 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although saphenous nerve (SN) injury represents a complication of great saphenous vein (GSV) stripping, little is know about the techniques to minimize the risk of nerve injury. This is still controversial if the stripping direction could be related to the incidence of nerve injury.
    International angiology: a journal of the International Union of Angiology 06/2014; · 1.01 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Today a variety of bariatric surgical procedures is available and, currently, it is difficult to identify the most effective option based on patient characteristics and comorbidities. Aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the efficacy of four different techniques; Intragastric Balloon (IB), Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB), Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) and Laparoscopic Mini Gastric Bypass (LMGB), performed in our unit along during ten years.
    International Journal of Surgery (London, England) 05/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.ijsu.2014.05.012 · 1.44 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction. Although intragastric balloons have been in use for several years to achieve weight reduction in obese patients, acute renal failure after gastric ballon positioning is reported in few studies Case report. A 32-year-old white infertile woman undergone Bioenterics Intragastric Balloon (BIB) positioning in an attempt to weight loss and improve her fertility status. After only six days of persisting vomiting acute renal failure was found. A complete recovery of renal function was obtained after 14 days. Conclusion. Acute renal failure was due to persistent vomiting leading to dehydration. Physicians involved in BIB patients management must consider the possibility of major complications in all hyperemetic subjects. BIB removal, with a concomitant intravenous fluid replacement and minerals or vitamins supplementation has to be taken into account as an emergency procedure.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Today a variety of bariatric surgical procedures is available and, currently, it is difficult to identify the most effective option based on patient characteristics and comorbidities. Aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the efficacy of four different techniques; Intragastric Balloon (IB), Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB), Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) and Laparoscopic Mini Gastric Bypass (LMGB), performed in our unit along during ten years. Patients and methods Starting from January 2005, 520 patients, 206 men (39.6%) and 314 women (60.4%) were treated at our institution. Among patients candidate to bariatric surgery 145 underwent IB, 120 underwent LAGB, 175 underwent LSG and 80 underwent LMGB. Follow up rate was 93.1% for IB at 6 months; 74.1% and 48% for LAGB at 36 and 60 months respectively; 72.8% and 58.1% for LSG at 36 and 60 months respectively; and 84.2% for LMGB at 36 months. Results The period 2005–2014 has been considered. Mortality was 1/520 patients (0.19%). The excess weight loss rate (EWL%) has been 32.8 for IB at six months, 53.7 for LAGB and 68.1 for LSG, at 60 months respectively and 79.5 for LMGB at 36 months. Early major postoperative complications requiring surgery were 0.6% for IB and 1.1% for LSG whereas late major postoperative complications were 1.2% for IB, 4.1% for LAGB and 0.5% for LSG. Diabetes resolution rate was 0 for LAGB, 76.9% for LSG and 80% for LMGB at 36 months. Conclusions If more invasive procedures as LSG or LMGB may entail higher operative and peroperative risks, conversely, in skilled hands their efficacy remains undisputed, especially in the long term, presenting a very low rate of major complications. In general, the efficacy of a bariatric surgery unit seems improved by the capability to offer both different primary procedures and re-do surgery.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We carried out a systematic review of the literature to identify the association between the use of drain and the incidence of infections and recurrences after surgery. MEDLINE, SCOPUS and ISI databases were searched up to September 2012. The two outcomes of this meta-analysis were wound infection and recurrence. Postoperative wound infection occurred in 50 of the 604 (8.28 %) patients who underwent drainage and in 68 of the 598 (11.4 %) patients who did not, with a resulting odds ratio (OR) of 0.71 (95 % CI: 0.48-1.03). Recurrence of pilonidal sinus occurred in 41 of the 604 (6.79 %) patients who underwent drainage and in 50 of the 598 (8.36 %) patients who did not, with a resulting OR of 0.80 (95 % CI: 0.52-1.23). The results suggest that, despite a trend toward a reduction in infectious complications and recurrence, drainage was not associated with a better outcome. However, because of the present literature's limitations, further studies are needed to address this issue.
    Techniques in Coloproctology 06/2013; 17(6). DOI:10.1007/s10151-013-1024-9 · 1.54 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Introduction: The impact on the survival of bone metastases (BM) in patients with neuroendocrine tumor (NET) is a matter of debate. BM have a key role in causing symptoms and in decreasing patients' quality of life. Although the mechanisms of the development of BM are not completely clear, it is now well understood that the Receptor Activator of Nuclear factor Kappa-B-/Ligand (RANK/RANKL)/osteoprotegerin (OPG) pathway plays a relevant role. Aim: To characterize the RANK/RANKL/OPG pathway in patients affected with NET. Patients and methods: Two cohorts of 15 patients each were enrolled in the study; one cohort was affected with NET without BM and the second cohort was affected with NET with BM. The serum RANK/RANKL/OPG pathway was assessed in both the groups. Results: Serum OPG levels and RANKL/OPG ratio were lower and higher, respectively, in NET patients harboring BM than in those without BM. During the ROC analysis, a cut-off value of 1071 pg/ml for OPG and 0.62 for RANKL/OPG ratio were able to significantly distinguish between the two groups. Conclusions: This study indicates that RANK/RANKL/OPG pathway is imbalanced in patients with NET harboring BM. Specific alterations of this pathway could predict an early development of BM.
    Biomarkers 01/2013; DOI:10.3109/1354750X.2012.745166 · 2.52 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective randomized study was to determine the utility of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block to improve the efficacy of conventional local anaesthesia for hernia repair in order to achieve an adequate anaesthesia and to evaluate its post-operative analgesic effectiveness. METHOD: Hundred and fifty consecutive male patients undergoing outpatient hernia repair (Lichtenstein technique) were enrolled in this study. Patients were randomly allocated to undergo a combined TAP block and local anaesthesia (case group) or single conventional local anaesthesia (control group). The study was designed to obtain a 1:2 case-control ratio. The primary outcome was the evaluation of the proportion of patients achieving an adequate anaesthesia. The secondary outcome was the evaluation of pain on movement, pain at rest, rescue analgesia need, nausea and satisfaction. RESULTS: An adequate anaesthesia was achieved in 8 % case and in 36 % control subjects (p = 0.001). At the 6 and 12 h post-operative evaluations, patients enrolled in the case group reported significantly less pain (evaluated by VAS score) both at rest and on movement (p always = 0.001). Moreover, the need of rescue analgesia resulted significantly higher in the control group (14 vs. 32 %, p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrated that, as compared with conventional local anaesthesia, the combination of TAP block with local anaesthesia showed a higher efficacy in the obtainment of an adequate anaesthesia and in the post-operative pain control for hernia repair.
    Hernia 11/2012; 17(6). DOI:10.1007/s10029-012-1022-2 · 2.09 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) predicts cardiovascular and cerebrovascular ischemic events. PAD treatment is aimed at reducing clinical symptoms, local tissue loss and at preventing complications. Aims:To evaluated the effect of peridural analgesia on peripheral perfusion and pain control.In 280 diabetic subjects with severe limb ischemia (65.7% males and 34.3% females, mean age 59.3±14.4 years) with a failure of medical treatment and contraindications to endovascular and/or surgical reperfusion, we performed a 30-day long peridural ropivacaine infusion, monitoring blood pressure, VAS and ABI periodically.During ropivacaine infusion VAS significantly decreased (from 4.06±0.343 to 1.96±0.413, p<0.001). Furthermore, in the 261 (93.2%) subjects achieving a VAS value≤2 during infusion, the effect was maintained after infusion withdrawing. ABI significantly improved both during infusion (from 0.30±0.04 at baseline to 0.65±0.05 at T30, p<0.001) and after infusion withdrawing as compared with baseline values.30-day peridural analgesia with ropivacaine is a valuable therapeutic option in severe peripheral limb ischemia subjects with contraindication to surgery and with pharmacological therapy failure.
    Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes 11/2012; 121(2). DOI:10.1055/s-0032-1327757 · 1.76 Impact Factor
  • European journal of clinical nutrition 06/2012; 66(8):971. DOI:10.1038/ejcn.2012.59 · 3.07 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although the micronutrient deficiencies and the related neurological manifestations are widely reported after malabsorbitive weight loss surgery, little is known about cerebral dysfunction secondary to micronutrient impairment in subjects undergoing restrictive interventions (that is, sleeve gastrectomy). We describe a case of a 27-year-old woman with a late development of a Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) and of severe polyneuropathy following a sleeve gastrectomy without any sleeve stenosis. The impact of WE after bariatric surgery is significantly underestimated. Such a risk should be taken into consideration also after restrictive weight loss surgery. Thus, surgeon/clinicians involved in bariatric patients management must be aware of neurological sequelae related to this intervention.
    European journal of clinical nutrition 02/2012; 66(5):645-7. DOI:10.1038/ejcn.2012.10 · 3.07 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) can be sporadic or they can arise in complex hereditary syndromes. Patients with hereditary NETs can be identified before the development of tumors by performing genetic screenings. The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical and prognostic impact of a preclinical genetic screening in subjects with hereditary NET syndromes. 46 subjects referred for hereditary NET syndrome [22 MEN1, 12 MEN2, 12 Familial Paragangliomatosis (FPGL)] were enrolled and divided in 2 groups (group A, 20 subjects with clinical appearance of NET before the genetic diagnosis; group B, 26 subjects with genetic diagnosis of hereditary NET syndromes before the clinical appearance of NETs). The main outcome measures were severity of disease, prognosis, and survival. The rate of surgery for MEN1-, MEN2-, FPGL4-related tumors was 90% in group A and 35% in group B (p<0.01). Both symptoms related to tumors and symptoms related to therapies were significantly less frequent in group B than in group A (p<0.05). Tumor stage was locally advanced or metastatic in 50% of group A and in no one of group B (p<0.01). The mortality rate was 25% in group A and 0% in group B (p<0.05). An early genetic screening for hereditary NET syndromes results in an improvement in clinical presentation and morbidity. A potential impact of the genetic screening on the mortality rate of these subjects is suggested and needs to be investigated in further and more appropriate studies.
    Hormone and Metabolic Research 10/2011; 43(11):794-800. DOI:10.1055/s-0031-1286324 · 2.15 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The authors compared multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in the identification of pancreaticoduodenal endocrine tumours (PETs) in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1). Fourteen consecutive patients (eight men and six women, aged 26-54 years) with MEN 1 underwent MDCT performed with a 4- (n=5) or 64- (n=9) detector-row system and EUS done with a radial transducer (7.5-20 MHz) within 7-28 days of each other. Prior to MDCT examination, patients were given 750 cc of water and asked to lie down in the right lateral decubitus for 15 min. Multiphase MDCT images were acquired both before and after the injection of nonionic iodinated contrast material (2 cc/kg) at an injection rate of 4 ml/s, with technical parameters and scan delay varying in relation to the system used. Images were all reconstructed at 3-mm intervals for the three phases (arterial, pancreatic and portal) and evaluated on a dedicated workstation. MDCT detected a total of 25 PETs (3-18 mm) in nine patients. Of these lesions, nine were situated within the duodenal wall and 16 in either the pancreatic head (n=3), body (n=7), or tail (n=6). Three additional lesions were detected retrospectively after EUS imaging. Most (18/22, 81%) were hypervascular nodules, and four appeared as either hypoattenuating or cystic lesions. EUS detected a total of 32 PETs (2-18 mm) in 11 patients. Most lesions (29/32, 90%) appeared hypoechoic and were situated in the duodenal wall (n=15) or in either the pancreatic head (n=10), body (n=6) or tail (n=1). Our preliminary data indicate that MDCT is complementary to EUS in the identification of PETs in MEN-1 patients.
    La radiologia medica 02/2011; 116(4):595-606. DOI:10.1007/s11547-011-0636-2 · 1.37 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Surgical treatment of varicose veins of the lower limbs resolves symptoms and improves quality of life. However, the high recurrence (20-80%) is a costly and complex issue. This is a retrospective review of 1489 patients with varicose vein of the lower limbs seen at our hospital between January 1980 and December 2005. The aim is to evaluate the effect of surgical technique (stripping vs. CHIVA) and surgeon's experience in reducing recurrences. With experienced surgeons, CHIVA appears to be more effective than stripping in reducing the recurrence rate (p <0.05). However, when performed by an inexperienced surgeon the results are far worse than those achieved with stripping. There was a clear reduction in recurrences at 5-10 years with CHIVA than with conventional stripping. However, if performed incorrectly, results are far worse with CHIVA. In fact, good results are far more difficult to achieve with CHIVA than with stripping, which is repeatable and easy to perform.
    Il Giornale di chirurgia 01/2011; 32(11-12):460-3.
  • Source
    BMC Geriatrics 01/2011; 11(1). DOI:10.1186/1471-2318-11-S1-A35 · 2.00 Impact Factor
  • Thrombosis Research 10/2010; 126(4):295-8. DOI:10.1016/j.thromres.2009.12.015 · 2.43 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The prognosis of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) depends on the completeness of the first surgical treatment. To date, it is not possible to predict whether the tumor has been completely removed after surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of an intraoperative calcitonin monitoring as a predictor of the final outcome after surgery in patients with MTC. Twenty patients underwent total thyroidectomy and central lymph node dissection on the basis of a positive pentagastrin test. In six cases a preoperative diagnosis of MTC was achieved at the cytological examination. During the surgical intervention, calcitonin was measured at the time of anesthesia, at the time of manipulation, and 10 and 30 min after surgical excision. At the histological examination, 10 patients had MTC and 10 had C cell hyperplasia. As compared with calcitonin levels before thyroidectomy, a decrease of calcitonin greater than 50% 30 min after surgery was able to significantly distinguish patients who were cured from those who experienced persistence of disease. It was not possible to find a similar result when the decrease of calcitonin 10 min after surgery was considered. A rate of calcitonin decrease less than 50% 30 min after thyroidectomy plus central neck lymph node dissection suggests the persistence of tumor tissue in patients operated for MTC. These results indicate that intraoperative calcitonin monitoring may be a useful tool to predict the completeness of surgery in patients with MTC.
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 09/2010; 95(9):E32-6. DOI:10.1210/jc.2010-0045 · 6.31 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a calcitonin (CT)-secreting neuroendocrine tumour originating from thyroid C cells. Serum CT concentrations are helpful in the early detection of MTC, while it is still unclear whether they can be used also for the differential diagnosis between MTC and C-cell hyperplasia (CCH), a precancerous condition in familial MTCs but with unclear clinical significance in sporadic MTCs. Nowadays, surgery is recommended in all patients with basal or pentagastrin (PG)-stimulated CT value of 100 pg/ml or more, without discriminating if they are affected with MTC or CCH only. The objective of this study was to investigate the utility of the PG test for CT in distinguishing CCH from MTC before surgery. Sixteen of 20 patients with thyroid nodules and basal CT levels between 15 and 100 ng/l had a positive PG test (>100 ng/l PG CT peak) and form the basis of the data analysis. A diagnosis of MTC was histologically proved on surgical samples in seven patients and of CCH in nine other patients. Four patients with neither FNAB nor PG test consistent with a diagnosis of MTC did not undergo thyroidectomy. A peak of CT of 275 ng/l after PG was able to significantly distinguish patients with MTC from patients with CCH, with 100% sensitivity and 89% specificity (P = 0.002). PG-stimulated calcitonin levels >275 ng/l had a positive predictive value (PPV) value for diagnosis of MTC of 100%, and PG-stimulated calcitonin levels <275 had a PPV for the diagnosis of CCH of 89%. A CT cut-off after PG of 275 ng/l is suggested to be highly predictive in distinguishing CCH from MTC before surgery, and this may be helpful in selecting patients for thyroid surgery.
    Clinical Endocrinology 07/2010; 73(1):85-8. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2265.2009.03759.x · 3.35 Impact Factor
  • Growth Hormone & IGF Research 09/2008; 18. DOI:10.1016/S1096-6374(08)70100-X · 1.33 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neuroendocrine differentiation of tumors is often difficult to establish. In the same manner, the evaluation of the prognostic role of neuroendocrine differentiation may constitute a relevant clinical problem. Although different classifications are used for neuroendocrine tumors (NET) of different origin, the last World Health Organization (WHO) classification of NET, originally proposed for gastroenteropancreatic tumors, has proved to be a practical tool to allow pathologists to uniform the diagnoses and re-classify these tumors into 3 main categories. The present study was carried out in order to evaluate diagnostic and prognostic implications of NET reclassification according to the last WHO classification of NET. Thirty-one tumors with an initial diagnosis referable to a NET achieved before 1999 were independently evaluated by 3 pathologists on the basis of the 2000 WHO classification of NET. Immunohistochemistry for panneuroendocrine markers and Ki-67 was also performed in all cases. Twelve, 14, and 4 tumors were respectively reclassified as well-differentiated NET, well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma and poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma; 1 tumor was reclassified as mixed endocrine-exocrine tumor. Two or more neuroendocrine markers were expressed in all NET regardless of histotype, differentiation degree, and site of primary tumor. After revision, 10 of the 31 tumors under study (32%) changed histo-prognostic category when compared to the initial diagnosis. Ki-67 score was the best predictor of survival at the multivariate analysis. The WHO classification is suitable to accurately reclassify tumors with an initial diagnosis referable to a NET and to separate these tumors in 3 well-distinct histo-prognostic categories with relevant clinical implications. Ki-67 score seems to be a better predictor of survival than the degree of differentiation.
    Journal of endocrinological investigation 04/2008; 31(3):216-23. DOI:10.1007/BF03345593 · 1.65 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neuroendocrine tumors (NET) may originate in different organs, from cells embryologically different but expressing common phenotypic characteristics, such as: the immuno-reactivity for markers of neuroendocrine differentiation (defined as "pan-neuroendocrine"), the capacity to secrete specific or aspecific peptide and hormones and the expression of some receptors, that are at the basis of the current diagnostic and therapeutical approach, peculiar to these tumors. NET have been conventionally distinguished in functioning, when associated with a recognized clinical endocrine syndrome, and non-functioning. However, this terminology may be misleading, since the great majority of NET may secrete neuroendocrine peptides, which can be employed as clinical markers for both diagnosis and follow-up. On the other hand, tissue immuno-reactivity for specific hormones does not always reflect secretory activity of the tumor cells. Finally, receptors and genetic markers are acquiring a relevant role in the characterization of NET, both improving knowledge of biology and physiopathology of NET, as well as in developing specific strategies to establish an early diagnosis and targeted therapies, to adopt prophylactic strategies in familial forms, and to identify more efficacious targets for therapy in the future.
    Journal of endocrinological investigation 04/2008; 31(3):277-86. DOI:10.1007/BF03345602 · 1.65 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

143 Citations
64.50 Total Impact Points


  • 1990–2013
    • University of Naples Federico II
      • • Department of Molecular Medicine and Medical Biotechnology
      • • Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences
      Napoli, Campania, Italy
  • 2011
    • Second University of Naples
      Caserta, Campania, Italy
  • 2008
    • Università degli Studi di Perugia
      Perugia, Umbria, Italy