Corrado Rubini

Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, The Marches, Italy

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Publications (245)512.07 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate survivin, AKT and VEGF expression in primary mucosal oral melanoma and explore their correlation with clinicopathological features and prognosis. Twenty malignant primary oral melanomas were immunostained with antibodies against survivin, AKT, VEGF, CD34. Histological parameters and disease-specific survival were related to marker expressions. Survivin localization was both nuclear and cytoplasmic with a higher expression of nuclear survivin. High melanocyte survivin expression significantly correlated with higher thickness of primary melanoma. A significant positive correlation was found between melanocyte survivin and phospho Akt and VEGF expression. Survivin was significantly associated with the presence of metastasis. High melanocyte survivin and high endothelial VEGF expression were inversely correlated to both overall and disease-specific 5-year survival. Survivin, via AKT and VEGF, seems to play an important role in oral melanoma and could represent an important prognostic marker of melanoma progression. Copyright© 2015 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.
    Anticancer research 04/2015; 35(4):2113-20. · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of cutaneous malignant melanoma is increasing worldwide, resulting in the demand for clinically useful prognostic biomarkers, especially for invasive and metastatic disease. We studied the immunohistochemical expression of interleukin-17 (IL-17), IL-23, and p73 in 35 malignant melanomas and compared them with benign melanocytic nevi and Spitz nevi, correlating them with clinical-pathological variables. A higher and statistically significant difference (P<0.05) in the intensity and percentage of stained cells of IL-17 and IL-23 was found in the melanoma group than in ordinary benign nevi that did not correlate with Breslow thickness nor Clark level. Moreover, p73 staining and percentage of stained cells was significantly higher (P<0.05) in all the melanomas studied, with a peculiar cytoplasmatic distribution. Our findings could suggest a possible IL-17, IL-23, and p73 involvement in cutaneous melanomas with a hypothetical impact on melanoma invasiveness.
    Melanoma research 03/2015; 25(3). DOI:10.1097/CMR.0000000000000151 · 2.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of our study was to critically evaluate the results obtained from a guided tissue regeneration technique after 12 months using a bocomposite poly (lactic-co-glycolic) acid/sub-micron size hydroxyapatite (PLGA/HA) with a rubber dam as a barrier in smoking and non-smoking patients. We selected 36 patients (18 current smokers and 18 non-smokers) diagnosed with chronic advanced periodontitis with a periodontal site (probing depth [PD] >5) amenable to regenerative surgery. Twelve months after surgery, the periodontal parameters were found to have statistically improved, when non-smokers were compared with smokers, in: PD reduction (6.3 ± 2.1 mm vs. 3.6 ± 1.9 mm); CAL gain (4.4 ± 1.1 vs. 2.8 ± 2.2 mm); recession (1.8 ± 1.4 mm vs. 0.8 ± 0.9 mm); and hard tissue fill (4.7 ± 0.8 mm vs. 2.8 ± 2.1 mm). Furthermore, since we found PD baseline differences between groups, smoking seemed not to influence the outcomes achieved (CAL gain and ΔREC) 12 months post surgery with respect to PD baseline. The use of PLGA/HA with a rubber dam significantly improved the periodontal parameters in both smoking and non-smoking subjects. This improvement was nevertheless lower in smokers than the non-smokers, confirming the negative impact of smoking on periodontal regeneration. © The Author(s) 2015.
    International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology 03/2015; 28(1):21-8. DOI:10.1177/0394632015573159 · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A high risk of neoplastic transformation of nasal and paranasal sinuses mucosa is related to the occupational exposure to wood dust. However, the role of occupational exposures in the aetiology of the airway cancers remains largely unknown. Here, an in vitro model was performed to investigate the carcinogenic effect of wood dusts. Human bronchial epithelial cells were incubated with hard and soft wood dusts and the DNA damage and response to DNA damage evaluated. Wood dust exposure induced accumulation of oxidised DNA bases, which was associated with a delay in DNA repair activity. By exposing cells to wood dust at a prolonged time, wood dust-initiated cells were obtained. Initiated-cells were able to form colonies in soft agar, and to induce blood vessel formation. These cells showed extensive autophagy, reduced DNA repair, which was associated with reduced OGG1 expression and oxidised DNA base accumulation. These events were found related to the activation of EGFR/AKT/mTOR pathway, through phosphorylation and subsequent inactivation of tuberin. The persistence in the tissue of wood dusts, their repetitious binding with EGFR may continually trigger the activation switch, leading to chronic down-regulation of genes involved in DNA repair, leading to cell transformation and proliferation. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the UK Environmental Mutagen Society. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:
    Mutagenesis 02/2015; DOI:10.1093/mutage/gev007 · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) ranks sixth worldwide for tumor-related mortality. A subpopulation of tumor cells, termed cancer stem cells (CSCs), has the ability to support cancer growth. Therefore, profiling CSC-enriched populations could be a reliable tool to study cancer biology. We performed phenotypic characterization of 7 HNSCC cell lines and evaluated the presence of CSCs. CSCs from Hep-2 cell line and HNSCC primary cultures were enriched through sphere formation and sphere-forming cells have been characterized both in vitro and in vivo. In addition, we investigated the expression levels of Nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT), an enzyme overexpressed in several malignancies. CSC markers were markedly expressed in Hep-2 cell line, which was found to be highly tumorigenic. CSC-enriched populations displayed increased expression of CSC markers and a strong capability to form tumors in vivo. We also found an overexpression of CSC markers in tumor formed by CSC-enriched populations. Interestingly, NNMT levels were significantly higher in CSC-enriched populations compared with parental cells. Our study provides an useful procedure for CSC identification and enrichment in HNSCC. Moreover, results obtained seem to suggest that CSCs may represent a promising target for an anticancer therapy. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 01/2015; 36(2):784-98. DOI:10.1159/000430138 · 3.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this systematic review was to determine the prognostic value of Bcl-2 immunostaining in patients affected by laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. An appropriate search was conducted on PubMed to retrieve articles dealing with this topic. A double cross-check was performed on citations and full-text articles by 2 investigators independently to review all manuscripts and perform a comprehensive quality assessment. Of 115 abstracts identified, 15 articles were included. These studies reported on 1,150 patients with histologically confirmed diagnosis of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Only a few studies showed a statistical correlation between Bcl-2 immunohistochemical expression and at least 1 of the clinical and histopathological parameters considered by the authors. Moreover, these findings were also discordant between them. Overall the studies analyzed suggested that Bcl-2 expression was statistically connected with N stage (2/14), grading (2/14), disease-free survival (3/14) and overall survival (5/14). Interestingly, all of the 3 studies investigating the relation between Bcl-2 and radioresistance showed significant results in terms of recurrence-free survival and overall survival. Our review strongly suggests that the immunohistochemical staining of Bcl-2 does not correlate with tumoral aggressiveness and prognosis of patients affected by laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma and treated with primary surgery. However, an interesting connection of this protein could be demonstrated with tumoral radioresistance. Further, high-quality prospective studies should be carried out to confirm this hypothesis.
    The International journal of biological markers 12/2014; 30(2). DOI:10.5301/jbm.5000116 · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) represents about ninety percent of all oral neoplasms with a poor clinical prognosis. In order to improve survival of OSCC patients, it is fundamental to understand the basic molecular mechanisms characterizing oral carcinogenesis. Dysregulation of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes seems to play a central role in tumorigenesis, including malignant transformation of the oral cavity.Materials And Methods We analyzed the expression levels of the pro-oncogenic transcription factor Pokemon through Real-Time PCR, western blot and immunohistochemical analyses in tumor and normal oral tissue samples obtained from 22 patients with OSCC. The relationship between tumor characteristics and the level of Pokemon intratumor expression was also analyzed.ResultsPokemon was significantly downregulated in OSCC. In particular, both mRNA and protein levels (tumor versus normal tissue) inversely correlated with histological grading, suggesting its potential role as a prognostic factor for OSCC. Moreover, a significant inverse correlation was found between Pokemon protein expression levels (OSCC versus normal oral mucosa) and tumor size, supporting the hypothesis that Pokemon could play an important role in the early phase of tumor expansion.Conclusion This work shows that reduced expression of Pokemon is a peculiar feature of OSCC. Additional studies may establish the effective role of Pokemon in oral tumorigenesis.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Oral Diseases 12/2014; 21(4). DOI:10.1111/odi.12304 · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Raw cement asbestos (RCA) undergoes a complete solid state transformation when heated at high temperatures. The secondary raw material produced, high temperatures-cement asbestos (HT-CA) is composed of newly-formed crystals in place of the asbestos fibers present in RCA. Our previous study showed that HT-CA exerts lower cytotoxic cell damage compared to RCA. Nevertheless further investigations are needed to deepen our understanding of pathogenic pathways involving oxidative and nitrative damage. Our aim is to deepen the understanding of the biological effects on A549 cells of these materials regarding DNA damage related proteins (p53, its isoform p73 and TRAIL) and nitric oxide (NO) production during inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-mediated inflammation. Increments of p53/p73 expression, iNOS positive cells and NO concentrations were found with RCA, compared to HT-CA and controls mainly at 48 h. Interestingly, ferrous iron causing reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated DNA damage was found in RCA as a contaminant.HT-CA thermal treatment induces a global recrystallization with iron in a crystal form poorly released in media. HT-CA slightly interferes with genome expression and exerts lower inflammatory potential compared to RCA on biological systems. It could represent a safe approach for storing or recycling asbestos and an environmentally friendly alternative to asbestos waste.
    Acta Histochemica 11/2014; 117(1). DOI:10.1016/j.acthis.2014.10.007 · 1.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fractal dimension (FD) in tissue specimens from patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) was evaluated. FD values in different stages of OSCC, and the correlations with clinicopathological variables and patient survival were investigated. Histological sections from OSCC and control non-neoplastic mucosa specimens were stained with hematoxylin–eosin for pathological analysis and with Feulgen for nuclear evaluation. FD in OSCC groups vs. controls revealed statistically significant differences (P < 0.001). In addition, a progressive increase of FD from stage I and II lesions and stage III and IV lesions was observed, with statistically significant differences (P = 0.003). Moreover, different degrees of tumor differentiation showed a significant difference in the average nuclear FD values (P = 0.001). A relationship between FD and patients' survival was also detected with lower FD values associated to longer survival time and higher FD values with shorter survival time (P = 0.034). These data showed that FD significantly increased during OSCC progression. Thus, FD could represent a novel prognostic tool for OSCC, as FD values significantly correlated with patient survival. Fractal geometry could give insights into tumor morphology and could become an useful tool for analyzing irregular tumor growth patterns.
    Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine 11/2014; DOI:10.1111/jop.12280 · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is a 116kDa enzyme catalysing the synthesis of ADP-ribose polymers from NAD+. PARP is activated in response to DNA strand breaks and plays a critical role in the maintenance of genomic integrity. However, considering its role also in transcription, proliferation as well as apoptosis in biological process, in the present study the role of PARP in bone regeneration was evaluated, in particular in bone cell proliferation and differentiation processes. Thus, formalin fixed paraffin embedded specimens of 10 human bone samples after sinus lift were collected and investigated by immunohistochemistry using a mouse monoclonal anti-human PARP antibody. PARP was expressed in cells with morphological features of osteoblasts in the areas of new bone formation at the junction between mineralized and unmineralized tissue, between osteoid tissue and bone. Few osteoclasts were observed and showed only focal nuclear expression of PARP, while osteocytes showed no positivity for PARP. Our data showed an overall involvement of PARP enzyme in human bone tissues, in particular during bone regeneration process.
    International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology 10/2014; 28(4):801-7. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Lung cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed neoplasm, and represents the leading cause of tumor death worldwide. Since patients are often diagnosed at a late stage, current therapeutic strategies have limited effectiveness and the prognosis remains poor. Successful treatment depends on early diagnosis and knowledge concerning molecular mechanisms underlying lung carcinogenesis. In the present study, we focused on nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT), which is overexpressed in several malignancies. First, we analysed NNMT expression in a cohort of 36 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by immunohistochemistry. Subsequently, we examined NNMT expression levels in the human lung cancer cell line A549 by Real-Time PCR, Western blot and catalytic activity assay, and evaluated the effect of NNMT knockdown on cell proliferation and anchorage independent cell growth by MTT and soft-agar colony formation assays, respectively. NSCLC displayed higher NNMT expression levels compared to both tumor-adjacent and surrounding tissue. Moreover, shRNA-mediated gene silencing of NNMT led to a significant inhibition of cell proliferation and colony formation ability on soft agar. Our results show that the downregulation of NNMT significantly reduced in vitro tumorigenicity of A549 cells and suggest that NNMT could represent an interesting molecular target for lung cancer therapy.
    Biological Chemistry 09/2014; 396(3). DOI:10.1515/hsz-2014-0231 · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Proteolytic tissue degradation is a typical phenomenon in inflammatory periodontal diseases. HtrA1 (High temperature requirement A 1) has a serine protease activity and is able to degrade fibronectin whose fragments induce the expression and secretion of several matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The aim of this study was to investigate for the first time if HtrA1 has a role in gingivitis and in generalized forms of chronic and aggressive periodontitis. Expression of HtrA1 was investigated in 16 clinically healthy gingiva, 16 gingivitis, 14 generalized chronic periodontitis and 10 generalized aggressive periodontitis by immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR. Statistical comparisons were performed by the Kruskall-Wallis test. Significantly higher levels of HtrA1 mRNA and protein expression were observed in pathological respect to healthy tissues. In particular, we detected an increase of plasma cell HtrA1 immunostaining from gingivitis to chronic and aggressive periodontitis, with the higher intensity in aggressive disease. In addition, we observed the presence of HtrA1 in normal and pathological epithelium, with an increased expression, particularly in its superficial layer, associated with increasingly severe forms of periodontal disease. We can affirm that HtrA1 expression in plasma cells could be correlated with the destruction of pathological periodontal tissue, probably due to its ability to trigger the overproduction of MMPs and to increase the inflammatory mediators TNF-α and IL-1β by inhibition of TGF-β. Moreover, epithelial HtrA1 immunostaining suggests a participation of the molecule in the host inflammatory immune responses necessary for the control of periodontal infection.
    PLoS ONE 06/2014; 9(6):e96978. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0096978 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic value of Ki-67 immunostaining in patients affected by laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. A systematic review was carried out in a tertiary university referral center. An appropriate string was run on PubMed to retrieve articles dealing with Ki-67 immunohistochemical staining and laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. A double cross-check was performed on citations and full-text articles by two investigators independently to review all manuscripts and perform a comprehensive quality assessment. Of 85 abstracts identified, 18 articles were included. These studies reported on 1,342 patients with histological confirmed diagnosis of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Most studies showed a statistical association between Ki-67 immunohistochemical expression and at least one of the clinical and histopathological parameters considered by the authors. Overall the studies analyzed suggested that the tumoral proliferative index was statistically connected respectively with T stage (2/18), N stage (4/18), grading (6/18), disease-free survival (10/18) and overall survival (4/18). Our review strongly suggests that immunohistochemical staining of Ki-67 correlates with tumoral aggressiveness and worse prognosis in patients affected by laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Further high-quality prospective studies should be carried out to confirm our finding and determine the eventual differences between cancers of specific laryngeal subsites.
    Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde 06/2014; 272(7). DOI:10.1007/s00405-014-3117-0 · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common malignancy of oral cavity. Human cancers are characterized by an imbalance of regulatory mechanisms controlling different cellular pathways, including apoptosis. Apoptosis occurs in a wide variety of physiological processes, such as embryonic development, tissue homeostasis or immune defense, and its role is to remove harmful, damaged, or unwanted cells. Defective apoptosis represents an important causative factor in the development/progression of cancer, and the ability of tumor cells to evade apoptosis can play a significant role in their resistance to conventional anticancer treatment. We investigated the expression profile of genes involved in the apoptotic mechanism in 21 paired tissue samples (OSCC and adjacent normal oral mucosa) by cDNA macroarray, in order to identify differentially expressed genes in oral cancer compared to normal tissue. To validate the results obtained by cDNA macroarray, quantitative real-time PCR, Western blot, and immunohistochemical analyses were performed. Results obtained by cDNA macroarray analysis showed different expression levels of CRADD, FADD, ATM, APAF1, and TP63 genes in OSCC compared to normal mucosa. Differential gene expression measurements (tumor vs. normal tissue) performed by real-time PCR showed an overexpression of FADD and a downregulation of ATM. Moreover, Western blot analysis confirmed that both CRADD and APAF-1 were decreased in OSCC compared to normal oral mucosa. As showed by immunohistochemistry, OSCC exhibited increased expression of p63 compared to normal tissue. Interestingly, a statistically significant positive correlation was found between p63 expression and the histological grade. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Molecular Carcinogenesis 04/2014; 53(4). DOI:10.1002/mc.21960 · 4.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gene expression and cell behavior are regulated by several factors, including small non-coding RNAs. MicroRNAs affecting cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis are thought to play an important role in tumorigenesis. The levels of miR-146 appear to be associated with cancer development and progression, including that of oral squamous cell carcinoma. The aim of this investigation was to ascertain whether the single nucleotide polymorphism, rs2910164, mapping in the MIR146A gene, has a role in oral squamous cell carcinoma progression. A genetic association study was performed with a sample set of 346 oral squamous cell carcinomas collected in Italy. Our data indicate that the rs2910164 polymorphism is not associated with tumor development. However, a slight increase in the frequency of the variant allele was observed in Stage II tumors. Further investigations are needed to verify a possible role of the variant allele or rs2910164 in oral squamous cell carcinoma progression.
    European Journal Of Oral Sciences 03/2014; 122(3). DOI:10.1111/eos.12121 · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) was a rare jawbone cyst described in 1988 as a distinct entity. This lesion can involve either jaw, and the anterior region of the mandible was the most commonly affected area. Clinical and radiographic findings were not specific, and the diagnosis of GOC can be extremely difficult due to the rarity of this lesion. The cyst presented a wall constituted by fibrous connective tissue and was lined by a non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium of variable thickness. Large areas of the lining epithelium presented cylinder cells, sometimes ciliated. A variable amount of mucina was occasionally noted. Due to the strong similarities, this cyst can be easily misdiag-nosed as a central mucoepidermoid carcinoma (CMEC). Immunohistochemistry may be an aid in diagnosis; in fact has been demonstrated that there were differences in the expression of cytokeratins (CK) in GOC and CMEC. In this study, we reported a new case of GOC in a 38 year female patient. In addition, we carried out a review of 110 previous cases reported in literature.
    The Open Dentistry Journal 02/2014; 8(1):1-12. DOI:10.2174/1874210601408010001
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the prognostic significance of the immunohistochemical expression of p63 and Ki-67 oncoproteins in patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, a retrospective evaluation was carried out on a cohort of 108 patients with primary laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) treated by primary surgery. For the immunohistochemical evaluation, tissue section obtained by formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue blocks from resection of each patient was used. Clinicopathologic data were associated with the immunostaining results. The association among the considered variables was assessed by Fisher's exact test, Mann-Whitney test, non-parametric χ (2) test, and Spearman's rho rank test was used to assess the relations among them. Differences in p63 and Ki-67 immunoreactivity among the different groups were compared via Kruskal-Wallis test and post hoc tests were performed using Mann-Whitney test with Bonferroni correction. The overall survival rate was estimated via Kaplan-Meier method, and the cumulative incidence functions for different groups were compared using log-rank statistics. Cox proportional hazard model was employed in a multivariate analysis to assess the effect of prognostic factors in the overall survival rate. Furthermore, taking into account death due to other causes, we estimated LSCC-related survival and disease-free survival rates using competing risk analysis. The results of immunohistochemical examination showed a statistically significant relationship between the up-regulation of P63 and Ki-67, an increase in histological grading, and primary tumours associated with lymph node metastases. p63 and Ki-67 up-regulation was related to a shorter disease-free survival and a significant association was found between p63 and Ki-67 percentage of positive cells and patient survival. Finally, we noticed a significant relation between p63 and Ki-67 (ρ = 0.87). On the other hand, no statistically significant associations were found between p63 and Ki-67 down-regulation and clinicopathologic data. Our findings suggest that abnormal p63 and Ki-67 immunoreactivity may be involved in the early phases of laryngeal tumorigenesis and may become a significant prognostic predictor for both overall and disease-free survivals. These biomarkers could thus help in the selection of high-risk patients with LSCC who may benefit from more aggressive therapy or chemoprevention.
    Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 01/2014; 271(6). DOI:10.1007/s00405-013-2833-1 · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. Although altered regulation of the Wnt pathway via beta-catenin is a frequent event in several human cancers, its potential implications in oral/oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC/OPSCC) are largely unexplored. Work purpose was to define association between beta-catenin expression and clinical-pathological parameters in 374 OSCCs/OP-SCCs by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Materials and Methods. Association between IHC detected patterns of protein expression and clinical-pathological parameters was assessed by statistical analysis and survival rates by Kaplan-Meier curves. Beta-catenin expression was also investigated in OSCC cell lines by Real-Time PCR. An additional analysis of the DNA content was performed on 22 representative OSCCs/OPSCCs by DNA-image-cytometric analysis. Results and Discussion. All carcinomas exhibited significant alterations of beta-catenin expression (P < 0.05). Beta-catenin protein was mainly detected in the cytoplasm of cancerous cells and only focal nuclear positivity was observed. Higher cytoplasmic expression correlated significantly with poor histological differentiation, advanced stage, and worst patient outcome (P < 0.05). By Real-Time PCR significant increase of beta-catenin mRNA was detected in OSCC cell lines and in 45% of surgical specimens. DNA ploidy study demonstrated high levels of aneuploidy in beta-catenin overexpressing carcinomas. Conclusions. This is the largest study reporting significant association between beta-catenin expression and clinical-pathological factors in patients with OSCCs/OPSCCs.
    01/2014; 2014:948264. DOI:10.1155/2014/948264
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The prognosis of the oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients remains very poor, mainly due to their high propensity to invade and metastasize. E-cadherin reduced expression occurs in the primary step of oral tumour progression and gene methylation is a mode by which the expression of this protein is regulated in cancers. In this perspective, we investigated E-cadherin gene (CDH1) promoter methylation status in OSCC and its correlation with E-cadherin protein expression, clinicopathological characteristics and patient outcome. Methods: Histologically proven OSCC and paired normal mucosa were analyzed for CDH1 promoter methylation status and E-cadherin protein expression by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry. Co-localization of E-cadherin with EGF receptor was evidenced by confocal microscopy and by immunoprecipitation analyses. Results: This study indicated E-cadherin protein down-regulation in OSCC associated with protein delocalization from membrane to cytoplasm. Low E-cadherin expression correlated to aggressive, poorly differentiated, high grade carcinomas and low patient survival. Moreover, protein down-regulation appeared to be due to E-cadherin mRNA down-regulation and CDH1 promoter hypermethylation. In a model in vitro of OSCC the treatment with epidermal growth factor (EGF) caused internalization and co-localization of E-cadherin with EGF receptor (EGFR) and the addition of demethylating agents increased E-cadherin expression. Conclusion: Low E-Cadherin expression is a negative prognostic factor of OSCC and is likely due to the hypermethylation of CDH1 promoter. The delocalization of E-cadherin from membrane to cytoplasm could be also due to the increased expression of EGFR in OSCC and the consequent increase of E-cadherin co-internalization with EGFR.
    Current cancer drug targets 11/2013; DOI:10.2174/1568009613666131126115012 · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of the place of living on periodontal status of 62 Down's syndrome (DS) subjects resident at home (DSH) or in specialized institutes (DSI) in central-eastern Italy. The demographic characteristics of the subjects and the periodontal variables were evaluated according to their living conditions. Descriptive analyses were conducted by stratifying subjects into three age groups (0-13; 14-22; >23 years), using medians and 25th-75th percentiles to summarized data. Comparisons between DSH and DSI subjects were performed using Wilcoxon rank sum test. The effect of demographic and clinical variables on periodontal status was evaluated by means of quantile regression analysis. No significant differences resulted between DSH and DSI patients, when compared for gender, age and mental retardation. No significant differences were found in the periodontal variables for the subjects with 0-13 years, while DSI subjects between 14 and 22 years of age presented higher levels of plaque index, probing depth, clinical attachment loss and a lower number of surviving teeth compared to DSH subjects. When DSI and DSH groups ≥23 years of age were compared, no differences were observed in the periodontal conditions except for PI and the number of surviving teeth. Age, body mass index and severe mental retardation were found to be significant predictors of periodontal conditions. Institutionalization has a negative effect on surviving teeth number of Down's syndrome subjects. Furthermore, the home care seems to produce benefits on the periodontal conditions of DSH 14-22 years of age.
    International Journal of Dental Hygiene 11/2013; 12(3). DOI:10.1111/idh.12062 · 0.68 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
512.07 Total Impact Points


  • 2000–2015
    • Università Politecnica delle Marche
      • • Chair of Human Anatomy
      • • Institute of Pathological Anatomy
      Ancona, The Marches, Italy
  • 2007–2013
    • Università degli studi di Foggia
      • Department of Surgical Science
      Foggia, Apulia, Italy
  • 2008
    • University of Bologna
      • Institute of Haematology
      Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
  • 1999–2007
    • Università degli Studi di Siena
      Siena, Tuscany, Italy
  • 2005–2006
    • Università degli Studi di Palermo
      Palermo, Sicily, Italy
  • 2000–2005
    • Università degli Studi G. d'Annunzio Chieti e Pescara
      • Division of Restorative Dentistry
      Chieta, Abruzzo, Italy
  • 2001–2002
    • UCL Eastman Dental Institute
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom