Horace J Spencer

University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Little Rock, Arkansas, United States

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Publications (52)190.68 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The Lyme disease spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi, occupies both a tick vector and mammalian host in nature. Considering the unique enzootic lifecycle of B. burgdorferi, it is not surprising that a large proportion of its genome is composed of hypothetical proteins not found in other bacterial pathogens. bb0238 encodes a conserved hypothetical protein of unknown function that is predicted to contain a tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) domain, a structural motif responsible for mediating protein-protein interactions. To evaluate the role of bb0238 during mammalian infection, a bb0238-deficient mutant was constructed. The bb0238 mutant was attenuated in mice infected via needle inoculation, and complementation of bb0238 expression restored infectivity to wild-type levels. bb0238 expression does not change in response to varying culture conditions, thus it appears to be constitutively expressed under in vitro conditions. bb0238 is expressed in murine tissues during infection, though there was no significant change in expression levels among different tissue types. Localization studies indicate that BB0238 is associated with the inner membrane of the spirochete, and is therefore unlikely to promote interaction with host ligands during infection. B. burgdorferi clones containing point mutations in conserved residues of the putative TPR motif of BB0238 demonstrated attenuation in mice that was comparable to the bb0238 deletion mutant, suggesting that BB0238 may contain a functional TPR domain.
    Infection and immunity. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We demonstrate that coating calcium sulfate with deacetylated chitosan enhances the elution profile of daptomycin by prolonging the period during which high concentrations of antibiotic are released. Coatings reduced initial bolus release of daptomycin by a factor of 10 to approximately 1000 µg/ml, and levels remained above 100 µg/ml for up to 10 days. Chitosan-coated and uncoated calcium sulfate implants with and without 15% daptomycin were evaluated in an experimental model of staphylococcal osteomyelitis through bacteriology scores, radiology, histopathology, and Gram staining. Significant reduction in bacteriology scores was observed for implants containing daptomycin and coated with chitosan compared with all the other groups. We confirm that the use of chitosan-coated calcium sulfate beads for local antibiotic delivery can be correlated with an improved therapeutic outcome following surgical debridement in the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis.
    Journal of Biomaterials Applications 05/2014; · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the in vivo relevance of the impact of sarA and saeRS on protease production using derivatives of the USA300 strain LAC. The results confirmed that mutation of saeRS or sarA reduces virulence in a bacteremia model to a comparable degree. However, while eliminating protease production restored virulence in the sarA mutant, it had little impact in the saeRS mutant. Additionally, constitutive activation of saeRS (saeRSC) enhanced the virulence of LAC and largely restored virulence in the isogenic sarA mutant. Based on these results, together with our analysis of the representative virulence factors alpha toxin, protein A (Spa), and extracellular nucleases, we propose a model in which the attenuation of saeRS mutants is defined primarily by decreased production of such factors, while constitutive activation of saeRS increases virulence, and reverses the attenuation of sarA mutants, because it results in both increased production and decreased protease-mediated degradation of these same factors. This regulatory balance was also apparent in a murine model of catheter-associated infection, with the results suggesting that the impact of saeRS on nuclease production plays an important role during the early stages of these infections that is partially offset by increased protease production in sarA mutants.
    Molecular Microbiology 04/2014; · 4.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the cost of same-day vs 23-hour observation outpatient thyroidectomy at US academic medical centers. Cross-sectional analysis of a national database. The University HealthSystem Consortium (UHC) data collected from discharge summaries. Discharge data were collected from the first quarter of 2009 through the second quarter of 2013. The UHC database, compiled from more than 200 affiliated hospitals, was searched based on diagnosis codes for outpatient thyroid procedures. Cost data, calculated based on reported charges, were collected in addition to demographics. Comparisons were made between same-day vs 23-hour observation based on cost. Additional stratification was performed based on the extent of thyroidectomy. During the study period, 49,936 outpatient thyroidectomies were performed. Overnight observation (63%) was more common than same-day discharge (37%). The overall mean cost of outpatient thyroidectomy was $5617, with a mean cost of same-day surgery of $4642 compared with $6101 for overnight observation (P < .0001). When stratifying by extent of thyroidectomy, the cost of same-day surgery was consistently lower than that for overnight observation. Outpatient thyroidectomy is commonly performed in the United States. It is most commonly performed on a 23-hour overnight observation basis. Overnight stay and complications were chief among other factors associated with higher cost, independent of the type of thyroid procedure performed. In appropriately selected patients, same-day thyroidectomy is a safe and cost-effective alternative to overnight observation or inpatient thyroid procedures.
    Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 02/2014; · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To develop uniform and reliable reference ranges for amniotic fluid volume (AFV) across gestation in normal singleton pregnancies using quantile regression (QR). An analysis of true AFVs determined by dye-dilution techniques or by direct measurement at cesarean delivery in normal singleton pregnancies. AFV centiles were established by QR, a flexible semi-parametric approach of estimating rates of change across the entire distribution of AFV rather than just in the mean as is observed with standard linear regression. The study evaluated 379 women with normal singleton pregnancies between 16 and 41 weeks gestation. QR was used to determine the association between AFV and gestational age (GA). A second-order quantile regression model indicated a nonlinear relationship between AFV and gestational age at the upper centile range (≥80th percentile). This study defines normative centile charts for true AFVs between 16 and 41 weeks gestation in normal singleton pregnancies using QR. This statistical approach more appropriately reflects true AFV across gestation at each centile of interest (e.g. 5th, 50th, 95th, etc.) as compared to standard linear regression.
    Archives of Gynecology 11/2013; · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A vaccine adjuvant that can effectively promote cell-mediated immunity is currently not available. Because of the ability of a Candida skin test reagent injection to induce common wart regression, our group is using it as a novel adjuvant in a clinical trial of a peptide-based human papillomavirus therapeutic vaccine. The goal of this current study was to investigate the mechanisms of how Candida enhances the vaccine immune responses. Maturation effects on Langerhans cells, capacity to proliferate T-cells, expression of cytokines and pattern recognition receptors by Langerhans cells, and ability to induce Th1, Th2, and Th17 responses were investigated in healthy subjects. The vaccine, human papillomavirus peptides with Candida, demonstrated partial maturation effects on Langerhans cells indicated by significantly up-regulated CD40 (p=0.00007) and CD80 (p<0.00001) levels, and showed T-cell proliferative capacity (p<0.00001) when presented by Langerhans cells in vitro. Interestingly, the maturation effects were due to the peptides while Candida was responsible for the T-cell proliferation. The cytokine profile (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p40, IL-23Ap19, IFN-γ and TNF-α) of Langerhans cells treated with the vaccine or Candida alone showed that IL-12p40 mRNA was most frequently induced, and IL-12p70 protein was detected in the supernatants. The presence of pattern recognition receptors known to associate with Candida albicans (DC-SIGN, dectin-1, dectin-2, galectin-3, mincle, mannose receptor, Toll-like receptors-1, 2, 4, 6 and 9) were demonstrated in all subjects. On the other hand, the induction of Th1 response demonstrated by IFN-γ secretion by CD4 cells stimulated with the vaccine or Candida pulsed Langerhans cells was demonstrated only in one subject. In summary, the Langerhans cell maturation effects of the vaccine were due to the peptides while the T-cell proliferative capacity was derived from Candida, and the most frequently induced cytokine was IL-12.
    Vaccine 10/2013; · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate a role for observation of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) with persistent, nonlocalizable disease. METHODS: Our study was conducted on outpatients seen at our institution from 1999 to 2009 having total thyroidectomy, radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation, measurable serum thyroglobulin (Tg), and no evidence of disease on whole body or positron emission tomography (PET) scans. RESULTS: Nineteen patients in our study group aged 20 to 73 with an average follow-up of 5.5 years (range, 2-12 years); all were treated with postoperative RAI (99-210 mCi, average 119). Mean Tg ranged from 0.41 to 4.34. Tg levels remained stable or gradually decreased in all patients. CONCLUSION: After total thyroidectomy and RAI therapy, patients may present with mildly elevated Tg values without localizable disease. These patients may have additional RAI treatments based on the Tg elevation. However, our clinical experience has shown that many of these patients will have Tg levels that either achieve stability or decrease over time without further treatment. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2013.
    Head & Neck 06/2013; · 2.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Describe data from patients undergoing outpatient thyroid surgeries for benign and malignant disease at academic medical centers in the United States.Study DesignRetrospective database search.SettingThe University Health System Consortium (UHC), Oak Brook, Illinois, data compiled from discharge summaries.Subjects and Methods Discharge data were collected from the first quarter of 2005 through the fourth quarter of 2010. Searching strategy was based on diagnosis of thyroid disease and patients undergoing thyroid surgery across all UHC facilities. Demographic information was collected as well as charges. Complications were also evaluated in this analysis.ResultsDuring the study period, 38,362 outpatient thyroidectomies were performed from our sample, 32% for thyroid cancer. More total thyroidectomies (43%) and fewer hemithyroidectomies (36%) were being performed overall; 64.1% of patients stayed 23 hours.Conclusion This is one of the largest series reporting outcomes for outpatient thyroid surgery. Since these surgeries appear to be shifting to an outpatient setting, this report reflects the experience with the majority of endocrine surgeries from the UHC database being performed presently. These results are derived from teaching hospitals and their affiliates and may not reflect the entirety of thyroid surgery in the United States.
    Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 02/2013; · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) types and T-cell immune responses were compared among European American, African American, and Hispanic American populations being followed for abnormal Papanicolaou smear results who were attending the same university medical center clinic in Central Arkansas. Statistically significant differences were found for HPV types 55, 58, and 83 among the 37 HPV types tested. However, there were no differences in T-cell immune responses among these racial/ethnic groups. These results are unlikely to have an impact on therapeutic HPV vaccine development since the most prevalent HPV type among all racial/ethnic groups was HPV type 16.
    The Journal of the Arkansas Medical Society 01/2013; 109(8):160-3.
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    ABSTRACT: Mutation of staphylococcal accessory regulator (sarA) results in increased production of extracellular proteases in Staphylococcus aureus, which has been correlated with decreased biofilm formation and decreased accumulation of extracellular toxins. We used murine models of implant-associated biofilm infection and S. aureus bacteraemia (SAB) to compare virulence of USA300 strain LAC, its isogenic sarA mutant, and derivatives of each of these strains with mutations in all 10 of the genes encoding recognized extracellular proteases. The sarA mutant was attenuated in both models, and this was reversed by eliminating production of extracellular proteases. To examine the mechanistic basis, we identified proteins impacted by sarA in a protease-dependent manner. We identified 253 proteins where accumulation was reduced in the sarA mutant compared with the parent strain, and was restored in the sarA/protease mutant. Additionally, in SAB, the LAC protease mutant exhibited a hypervirulent phenotype by comparison with the isogenic parent strain, demonstrating that sarA also positively regulates production of virulence factors, some of which are subject to protease-mediated degradation. We propose a model in which attenuation of sarA mutants is defined by their inability to produce critical factors and simultaneously repress production of extracellular proteases that would otherwise limit accumulation of virulence factors.
    Molecular Microbiology 10/2012; · 4.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Using a rabbit model of postsurgical osteomyelitis, we demonstrate that incorporation of xylitol into polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) bone cement enhances the elution of daptomycin under in vivo conditions. We also demonstrate that this can be correlated with an improved therapeutic outcome in the treatment of a chronic bone infection following surgical debridement.
    Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 09/2012; 56(11):5839-44. · 4.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To better understand relationships of parathyroid hormone (PTH) production, adenoma gamma counts, and adenoma mass in patients undergoing minimally radioguided invasive parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism from single-gland disease.Study DesignA prospective review of 104 patients operated on by a single surgeon.SettingUniversity tertiary hospital.SubjectsAdults who have primary hyperparathyroidism due to a single gland.ResultsThere were 23 men and 81 women with an average age of 63 years. The mean (SD) adenoma mass was 0.78 (0.69) g (median, 0.57 g). The mean (SD) percent of background for the adenoma was 120.2 (90.5). Preoperative PTH and percent of background gamma count of the adenoma showed a likely correlation with a Spearman ρ value of 0.2039 and a P value of .037. There were significant correlations between both percent of background of the adenoma and adenoma mass (Spearman ρ = 0.4991 and P < .0001). Preoperative PTH and adenoma mass also showed a significant positive correlation (Spearman ρ = 0.308 and P = .002).Conclusion There exist correlations between gland mass, radioactivity, and PTH level. Adenoma radiation counts do not appear to be a proxy for changes in PTH levels measured during surgery as has been reported. Intraoperative PTH has been shown by others not to be necessary when doing radioguided parathyroid surgery if the Norman rule is observed. However, a radioguided technique and intraoperative PTH can provide complementary information in making an assessment of completion of parathyroid procedures.
    Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 08/2012; · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the patient reasoning behind treatment choice after palliative surgical consultation. METHODS: Patients undergoing palliative surgical consultation were prospectively enrolled in this observational cohort study (11/2009-5/2011) and administered an open-ended questionnaire asking for their reasoning in choosing their treatment strategy. RESULTS: Of 98 patients enrolled, 54 were treated non-operatively and 44 with surgery. Patient responses indicating their reason for treatment selection were categorized into (1) quality of life or symptom relief, (2) unclear or response not related to treatment strategy, (3) increase length of life, (4) treat the cancer, (5) concerns over surgical complications, (6) doctor's recommendation, (7) religious reasons for treatment choice, and (8) for family. The most frequently cited reason for treatment selection was symptom relief or quality of life improvement in 46 patients. Thirty-eight patients cited their doctor's recommendation while 20 patients selected their treatment to increase length of life or treat their cancer. Only 2 patients cited concerns over surgical complications as their reason for choosing their treatment strategy. CONCLUSIONS: The most common reasons for treatment selection in palliative surgical consultation include symptom relief or improvement in quality of life and the doctor's recommendation with few patients listing concerns over surgical morbidity. J. Surg. Oncol © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 07/2012; · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine demographics and cost for outpatients undergoing parathyroid surgery at hospitals belonging to the University Health System Consortium (UHC). UHC data were accessed in 2011 and reflected data collected from 2005 through 2010 (24 quarters). Searching strategy was based on diagnoses of parathyroid disease and patients undergoing parathyroidectomy across all UHC member facilities. Complications evaluated in this analysis included: hypocalcemia, hypoparathyroidism, aspiration pneumonia, hematoma, wound infection, stroke, myocardial infarction, deep venous thrombosis/pulmonary embolism (PE), and death. The University Health System Consortium, Oak Brook, Illinois, was formed in 1984 and consists of 112 academic medical centers and 250 of their affiliated hospitals. This represents 90% of the nonprofit academic medical centers in the United States (www.uhc.edu). Patients enrolled in the UHC database were studied retrospectively. Data were compiled from discharge summaries into a secure, interactive, Web-based database. The outpatient data collection set has been a recent addition to the originally established UHC inpatient discharge database. There were 21,057 patients who had outpatient parathyroid surgery. The average age was 59.0 (0.8-96.2) yrs. Seventy-six percent of patients were female. Outpatient parathyroidectomy had lower charges than inpatient surgery ($12,738 and $14,657, respectively; P = 0.004, Wilcoxon signed-rank test). Complications were low but were likely underreported. Parathyroid surgery is increasingly being done in the outpatient setting in the United States. By virtue of omitting inpatient hospitalization, the outpatient approach becomes a more economical way to manage parathyroid disease. This is the largest known series reporting experience with outpatient parathyroid surgery.
    Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 04/2012; 147(3):438-43. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To assess (A) determinants of patient's global assessment of disease activity (PTGL) and patient's assessment of general health (GH) scores of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients; (B) whether they are equivalent as individual variables; and (C) whether they may be used interchangeably in calculating common RA activity assessment composite indices.METHODS: Data of 7023 patients from 30 countries in the Quantitative Standard Monitoring of Patients with RA (QUEST-RA) was analysed. PTGL and GH determinants were assessed by mixed-effects analyses of covariance models. PTGL and GH equivalence was determined by Bland-Altman 95% limits of agreement (BALOA) and Lin's coefficient of concordance (LCC). Concordance between PTGL and GH based Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS28), Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) and Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3 (RAPID3) indices were calculated using LCC, and the level of agreement in classifying RA activity in four states (remission, low, moderate, high) using κ statistics.RESULTS: Significant differences in relative and absolute contribution of RA and non-RA related variables in PTGL and GH ratings were noted. LCC of 0.64 and BALOA of -4.41 to 4.54 showed that PTGL and GH are not equivalent. There was excellent concordance (LCC 0.95-0.99) for PTGL and GH based DAS28, CDAI and RAPID3 indices, and >80% absolute agreement (κ statistics 0.75-0.84) in RA activity state classification for all three indices.CONCLUSIONS: PTGL and GH ratings differ in their determinants. Although they are individually not equivalent, they may be used interchangeably for calculating composite indices for RA activity assessment.
    Annals of the rheumatic diseases 04/2012; · 8.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the factors contributing to failure of interpolation flaps in nasal reconstruction. Retrospective medical chart review. Tertiary care academic center. A total of 107 patients with nasal defects needing reconstruction, performed at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock. Patients underwent nasal reconstruction with 2-stage paramedian forehead or nasolabial flaps (PMFF and NLF, respectively) from 2002 to 2011. Defect thickness, location, flap type, use of cartilage grafts, and comorbidities, including diabetes mellitus, peripheral vascular or coronary artery disease, and smoking habits, were recorded. Full success, partial failure, or full failure of the respective flap. Eighty-two of the patients (77%) underwent 2-stage PMFF repair and 25 (23%) underwent 2-stage NLF repair. Fifty-eight defects (54%) were full thickness, in which 46 repairs used PMFF and 12 used NLF for reconstruction. The overall failure rate was 6%. Five PMFF failed (6%); 3 of these were used for full-thickness repairs. There was only 1 NLF failure (4%), which was also performed for the repair of a full-thickness defect. Use of cartilage in the reconstruction did not affect failure rates of the different soft tissue flaps. No single comorbidity was noted to have a statistically significant effect on failure rates, although 83% of failures were observed in smokers. The overall success rate of interpolation flaps in nasal reconstruction was 94.4%. Defect thickness, use of a cartilage graft, type of flap used, and presence of comorbidities did not affect outcome. Although the comparison was not statistically significant (P = .21), flap failures were more commonly observed in smokers.
    Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery 03/2012; 138(4):367-71. · 1.92 Impact Factor
  • Brad Wilson, Horace Spencer, Patrick Kortebein
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate exercise recommendations in patients newly diagnosed with fibromyalgia. A retrospective chart review. A public university rheumatology clinic. Patients newly diagnosed with fibromyalgia (N = 122). Frequency and type of exercise recommendations. The mean (standard deviation) age of these patients with fibromyalgia was 45 ± 12 years; 91% were women. Exercise was recommended as part of the documented treatment plan in 47% of these patients (57/122); only 3 patients had a documented contraindication for exercise. Aquatic exercise was most frequently recommended (56% [32/57]), followed by combined aquatic-aerobic exercise (26% [15/57]), and, infrequently, aerobic exercise only (5% [3/57]); only 7% of these patients (4/57) were referred for physical therapy. The primary method of communication was verbal discussion (94% [54/57]). Although there is well-documented evidence that exercise is beneficial for patients with fibromyalgia, we found that less than half of patients with newly diagnosed fibromyalgia in our study were provided recommendations to initiate an exercise program as part of their treatment plan. Further investigation of these findings are warranted, including evaluation of other university and community rheumatology practices as well as that of other physicians caring for patients with fibromyalgia. However, our findings indicate that there appears to be an opportunity to provide more specific and practical education regarding the implementation of an exercise regimen for patients with newly diagnosed fibromyalgia. Physiatrists may be particularly well suited to manage the exercise component of patients with fibromyalgia because of their specialized training in exercise prescription.
    PM&R 03/2012; 4(4):252-5. · 1.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies suggest that extracellular DNA promotes biofilm formation in Staphylococcus aureus and, conversely, that extracellular nucleases limit the ability to form a biofilm. S. aureus produces at least two extracellular nucleases, and in the study described in this report, we examined the impact of each of these nucleases on biofilm formation under both in vitro and in vivo conditions. Our results demonstrate that both nucleases impact biofilm formation in the clinical isolate UAMS-1. Under certain in vitro conditions, this impact is negative, with mutation of either or both of the nuclease genes (nuc1 and nuc2) resulting in an enhanced capacity to form a biofilm. However, this effect was not apparent in vivo in a murine model of catheter-associated biofilm formation. Rather, mutation of either or both nuclease genes appeared to limit biofilm formation to a degree that could be correlated with increased susceptibility to daptomycin.
    Infection and immunity 02/2012; 80(5):1634-8. · 4.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the association of industry funding with the characteristics, outcome, and reported quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of drug therapy for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The Medline and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched to identify original RA drug therapy RCTs published in 2002-2003 and 2006-2007. Two reviewers independently assessed each RCT for the funding source, characteristics, outcome (positive [statistically significant result favoring experimental drug for the primary outcome] or not positive), and reporting of methodologic measures whose inadequate performance may have biased the assessment of treatment effect. RCTs that were registered at ClinicalTrials.gov and completed during the study years were assessed for publication bias. Of the 103 eligible RCTs identified, 58 (56.3%) were funded by industry, 19 (18.4%) were funded by nonprofit sources, 6 (5.8%) had mixed funding, and funding for 20 (19.4%) was not specified. Industry-funded RCTs had significantly more study centers and subjects, while nonprofit agency-funded RCTs had longer duration and were more likely to study different treatment strategies. Outcome could be assessed for 86 (83.5%) of the 103 RCTs studied. The funding source was not associated with a higher likelihood of positive outcomes favoring the sponsored experimental drug (75.5% of industry-funded RCTs had a positive outcome, compared with 68.8% of non-industry-funded RCTs, 40% of RCTs with mixed funding, and 81.2% of RCTs for which funding was not specified). Industry-funded RCTs showed a trend toward a higher likelihood of nonpublication (P=0.093). Industry-funded RCTs were more frequently associated with double-blinding, an adequate description of participant flow, and performance of an intent-to-treat analysis. Industry funding was not associated with a higher likelihood of positive outcomes of published RCTs of drug therapy for RA, and industry-funded RCTs performed significantly better than non-industry-funded RCTs in terms of reporting the use of some key methodologic quality measures.
    Arthritis & Rheumatology 01/2012; 64(7):2059-67. · 7.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diagnosing bone infection in its acute early stage is of utmost clinical importance as the failure to do so results in a therapeutically recalcitrant chronic infection that can only be resolved with extensive surgical intervention, the end result often being a structurally unstable defect requiring reconstructive procedures. [(18)F]-FDG-PET has been extensively investigated for this purpose, but the results have been mixed in that, while highly sensitive, its specificity with respect to distinguishing between acute infection and sterile inflammatory processes, including normal recuperative post-surgical healing, is limited. This study investigated the possibility that alternative means of acquiring and analyzing FDG-PET data could be used to overcome this lack of specificity without an unacceptable loss of sensitivity. This was done in the context of an experimental rabbit model of post-surgical osteomyelitis with the objective of distinguishing between acute infection and sterile post-surgical inflammation. Imaging was done 7 and 14 days after surgery with continuous data acquisition for a 90-minute period after administration of tracer. Results were evaluated based on both single and dual time point data analysis. The results suggest that the diagnostic utility of FDG-PET is likely limited to well-defined clinical circumstances. We conclude that, in the complicated clinical context of acute post-surgical or post-traumatic infection, the diagnostic utility accuracy of FDG-PET is severely limited based on its focus on the increased glucose utilization that is generally characteristic of inflammatory processes.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(7):e41863. · 3.73 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

739 Citations
190.68 Total Impact Points


  • 2007–2014
    • University of Arkansas at Little Rock
      Little Rock, Arkansas, United States
  • 2007–2011
    • University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
      • Department of Biostatistics
      Little Rock, Arkansas, United States
  • 2009
    • University of Kentucky
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Lexington, KY, United States
  • 2005–2008
    • Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States