Guoan Luo

Macau University of Science and Technology, Macao, Macau, Macao

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Publications (142)367.29 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Diabetic nephropathy is one of the most significant microvascular complications associated with diabetes. Until now, there is no effective treatment and the gene mechanism of diabetic nephropathy is still unclear. Tangshen formula is a traditional Chinese medicine, and has been shown to have good clinical efficacy in diabetic nephropathy treatment. The objective of this study was to investigate the changes of gene expression profiling and explore the molecular mechanism using a db/db mice model treated by Tangshen formula. After administration for 12 weeks, a microarray was applied to detect the gene expression of db/db mice kidney tissues. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to confirm the differential gene expression and carry out a JAK/STAT/SOCS signaling pathway study. Treatment with Tangshen formula reduced the levels of serum glucose and urinary albumin in db/db mice, and the effects of Tangshen formula on db/db mice were significantly different from the positive control (Losartan potassium tablets) on microarray data. It also showed that the JAK/STAT/SOCS signaling pathway played an important role in the treatment process. The expressions of JAK1, JAK2, and STAT3 were upregulated, and STAT4 was downregulated in Tangshen formula-treated db/db mice. SOCS1, 3, and 7 were all activated, while negative feedback regulated other related genes in the JAK/STAT/SOCS pathway. Our study suggested that Tangshen formula has beneficial effects on diabetic nephropathy treatment via regulating the JAK/STAT/SOCS signaling pathway. This study will help to provide evidence-based recommendations for Tangshen formula clinical treatment.
    Planta Medica 05/2014; · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fluidic patterning is a convenient and versatile tool for the patterning of materials, cells and microstructures on surface and in microchannels. However, its performance is usually limited by transverse diffusion between fluid streams. It would blur the boundary and deteriorate the precision of patterns. In this paper, we adopted geometric confinement to generate biphasic parallel flow that is constituted of oil and water. Since there is minimum transverse diffusion in biphasic parallel flow, the performance of fluid patterning is expected to be improved. The results show that the metal (Silver and Chromium) patterns have distinct boundary and well-controlled geometry in comparison with that by conventional laminar flow patterning. Furthermore, the high biocompatibility of oil phase (perfluorodecalin, PFD) enables the precise patterning of viable bacteria inside microchannels. Our work demonstrated a new route of using biphasic parallel flow to patterning, which would serve wide applications in prototyping and research settings.
    Biomedical Microdevices 12/2013; · 2.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A method of high performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (HPLC-QqQ MS) in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode for simultaneous determination of five Amadori compounds in tobacco has been developed. The separation was performed on an XBridge Amide column (250 mm x 4.6 mm, 3.5 microm) by gradient elution using methanol and water as mobile phases. The linearity of this method was good with the correlation coefficients (r) of 0.9895-0.9989. The limits of detection (S/N = 3) were from 3.51 microg/L to 14.86 microg/L, and the limits of quantitation (S/N = 10) were from 10.18 microg/L to 44.58 microg/L. The recoveries varied from 92.6% to 123.6% with the relative standard deviations (RSDs) less than 9.4%. The established method is rapid, accurate, robust and convenient, and it could be applied to the measurement of the five Amadori compounds in tobacco and cigarettes.
    Se pu = Chinese journal of chromatography / Zhongguo hua xue hui 12/2013; 31(12):1189-93.
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    ABSTRACT: Fuzilizhong Pills (FZLZ), a modified form of a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) Lizhong Wan in Treatise on Febrile Diseases and consisting of Panax ginseng C.A.Mey. (Ren Shen), Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. (Fu Zi, Zhi), Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch., Glycyrrhiza inflata Bat. or Glycyrrhiza glabra L. (Gan Cao), Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz. (Bai Zhu) and Zingiber offcinale Rosc. (Gan Jiang), show strong clinical therapeutic effects for dyspnea and pulmonary oedema. However, the bioactive compounds are still unclear. In this study, FZLZ was analysed using a rapid detection method to identify its anti-inflammatory and spasmolytic constituents. To develop a simple screening method to detect the anti-inflammatory and spasmolytic constituents of FZLZ. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry combined with dual-bioactive (NF-κB and β2 -adrenergic receptor) luciferase reporter assay systems was employed. Two β2 -adrenergic receptor agonists (salsolinol and higeramine) and three terpenoidal analogues of NF-κB inhibitors such as ginsenosides derivatives, triperpenoids derivatives and diester-diterpenoid aconitum alkaloid derivatives were characterised. Mesaconitine, flaconitine, ginsenosides Rb2, Rf, Rg2, F1 and Ro were considered to be new NF-κB inhibitors. Furthermore, IL-8 detection by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay confirmed the anti-inflammatory effects of the potential NF-κB inhibitors. Compared with conventional fingerprints, activity-integrated fingerprints that contain both chemical and bioactive details offer a more comprehensive understanding of the chemical composition of plant materials. This strategy clearly demonstrated that dual bioactivity-integrated fingerprinting is a powerful tool for the improved screening and identification of potential dual-target lead compounds in complex herbal medicines. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Phytochemical Analysis 09/2013; · 2.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 'Ershiwuwei Shanhu' pill (ESP), a classical and famous prescription of traditional Tibetan medicine, has a long history of empirical clinical use for the treatment of cerebrovascular and neurological diseases, but the absence of scientific evidence for its effect restricted its clinical application and further development. The methodology of plasma pharmacochemistry was adopted to analyze the potentially bioactive components in ESP extracts. A method based on UPLC-DAD/Q-TOF-MS was established to identify herb components in ESP extracts and analyze the absorbed components of ESP and their metabolites in rat plasma, brain, heart, liver and kidney samples after oral administration of ESP extracts. A total of 61 herb components were detected and identified in ESP extracts, while 35 absorbed components -including 19 prototype compounds and 16 metabolites- were discovered as potentially bioactive components in rat plasma and tissues by comparative analysis of the UV and MS chromatograms of ESP extracts, blank biosamples and dosed biosamples. The potentially bioactive components of ESP extracts identified from rat plasma and tissues provide useful information for further study of the pharmacology and mechanism of action of ESP.
    Journal of ethnopharmacology 09/2013; · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The main constituents in an aqueous extract of Tricholoma matsutake (Tm) were identified by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detection and electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD/TOF-MS) and ion trap mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD/Trap-MSn). The main factors in the extraction process which affect the yields of nutrients were optimized by single-factor experiments and orthogonal experiment design. In total, 12 constituents were identified from the aqueous extract of Tm, including tyrosine, cytidine, uridine, eritadenine, phenylalanine, nicotinamide, inosine, guanosine, tryptophan, adenosine, 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine and riboflavin. The optimized extraction conditions were: the ratio of water to sample was 10 : 1 (v/w), Tm was extracted by ultrasonic-assisted extraction for 10 min, followed by water bath heating at 60 °C for 1 h. Among these extraction factors, the heating temperature is significant based on analysis of variance (ANOVA). The yields of nutrients were affected dramatically at high temperature leading to the loss of nutrients, especially for nucleosides and some amino acids.
    Journal of Food Science 08/2013; 78(8):C1173-82. · 1.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the most abundant catechin found in green tea, effectively reduces body weight and tissue and blood lipid accumulation. To explore the mechanism by which EGCG inhibits cellular lipid accumulation in free fatty acid (FFA) induced HepG2 cell culture, we investigated the proteome change of FFA-induced HepG2 cells exposed to EGCG using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. In this study, 36 protein spots showed a significant change in intensity by more than 1.5-fold from the control group to the FFA group and from the FFA group to the FFA + EGCG group. Among them, 24 spots were excised from gels and identified by LC-MS/MS. In total, 18 proteins were successfully identified. All identified proteins were involved in lipid metabolism, glycometabolism, antioxidant defense, respiration, cytoskeleton organization, signal transduction, DNA repair, mRNA processing, iron storage, or were chaperone proteins. This indicated that these physiological processes may play roles in the mechanism of inhibition of lipid accumulation by EGCG in FFA-induced HepG2 cells. Western blotting analysis was used to verify the expression levels of differentially expressed proteins, which agree with the proteomic results. From the proteomic analysis, we hypothesized that EGCG reduced cellular lipid accumulation in FFA-induced HepG2 cells through the activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) resulting from the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The induction of ROS may be a result of EGCG regulation of the antioxidant defense system. Activation of AMPK shifted some FFA toward oxidation, away from lipid and triglyceride storage, and suppressed hepatic gluconeogenesis. The findings of this study improve our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of inhibition of lipid accumulation by EGCG in HepG2 cells.
    Proteome Science 07/2013; 11(1):32. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetic nephropathy is a devastating disease that affects a growing number of diabetic patients. A complete cure is very hard to achieve once the disease has been diagnosed, therefore the diagnosis of early stages in diabetic nephropathy has become a hot area. Numbers of molecules have been proposed to be potential biomarkers for this purpose. However, some problems still remain, such as discovering effective biomarkers to diagnose the disease before obvious clinical evidence appears. Thus, the main purpose of this study was to find plasma biomarkers for early diagnosis of type 2 diabetic nephropathy stage 1 and stage 2, as well as separating them from diabetes. 182 subjects (Chinese) were recruited for this study, including 50 healthy controls, 33 type 2 diabetic patients and 99 type 2 diabetic nephropathy patients (33 of these were stage 3). Important clinical indicators including proteinuria, serum creatinine, and urea nitrogen were measured and the glomerular filtration rate was estimated to assess kidney function; fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin were measured to assess the blood glucose control. Key metabolites and genes in plasma samples were identified and determined using -omic and quantitative techniques. The potential biomarkers were then combined and carefully screened to determine the most informative ones for early diagnosis of type 2 diabetic nephropathy. An integrated biomarker system (IBS) incorporating 6 clinical indicators, 40 metabolites and 5 genes was established. Correlation analysis results revealed that most of the potential biomarkers significantly correlated with the 6 clinical indicators. Discriminant analysis results showed that the developed IBS gave the highest total predictive accuracy (98.9%). Significant test and receiver operating characteristic analysis results indicated that inosine had the highest sensitivity (0.889), specificity (1.000), positive predictive rate (1.000) and negative predictive rate (0.900) amongst the 48 potential biomarkers when separating patients with diabetes from patients with diabetic nephropathy stage 3. Finally, inosine with a cutoff of 0.086 mg L(-1) was combined with estimated GFR to differentiate between diabetic nephropathy stages 1 and 2 from diabetes. The results demonstrate that IBS combined with a proper statistical analysis technique is a powerful tool for biomarker screening.
    Molecular BioSystems 05/2013; · 3.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The YiQiFuMai injection (YQFM) is a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of chronic heart failure (CHF). AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study not only evaluated the cardioprotective effect and anti-inflammatory mechanism of the YQFM injection in an experimental model of CHF but also investigated its bioactive constituents in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) in rats was ligated to make an animal model of CHF. From this, electrocardiographic parameters and exterior signs of rat hearts were recorded. Additionally, the histopathology of heart tissues was examined, and parameters of inflammatory stress were measured. Experiments were performed over two months in LAD-ligation rats treated with YQFM or vehicle. Treatment with Captopril was used as a positive control, which has previously been shown to prevent CHF, and rats without LAD-ligation were used as a negative control. Furthermore, we screened and identified potential anti-inflammatory constituents by ultra-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/Q-TOF-MS) combined with NF-κB activity luciferase reporter assay systems. Further cytokine detection confirmed the anti-inflammatory effects of the potential NF-κB inhibitors from YQFM. RESULTS: The administration of YQFM significantly improved cardiac function and ameliorated the activity level of inflammatory mediators (such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-6, and interleukin-1β) in CHF rats. Eight potential anti-inflammatory ingredients, ginsenosides Rb1, Rg1, Rf, Rh1, Rc, Rb2, Ro, and Rg3, were characterized and confirmed. Among these compounds, ginsenoside Ro was revealed as a new NF-κB inhibitor. CONCLUSION: The results suggested that NF-κB inactivation and cytokine suppression might be one of the main mechanisms of YQFM that caused ameliorative effects in CHF rats, and the major constituents of ginsenosides were identified playing a key role in the treatment of CHF.
    Journal of ethnopharmacology 04/2013; · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Object: Salvia miltiorrhiza is a Chinese medicinal herb, which is widely used for the treatment of cardiovascular disorders. In this article, we investigated the effects of Salvia miltiorrhiza and its hydrophilic and lipophilic components (HCS and LCS) on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and the molecular mechanism was explored by microarray gene expression profiling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell proliferation and migration were used to evaluate the angiogenic effects of HCS, LCS and total extract of Salvia miltiorrhiza (TES). Microarray technology was applied to detect the gene expression of HUVECs treated with TES, HCS and LCS. Besides, quantitative real-time PCR was used to verify the microarray results. RESULTS: Our results showed that LCS inhibited the proliferation and migration of HUVECs, HCS promoted the proliferation and migration of HUVECs, and TES did not affect the viability of HUVECs at the concentration of 5µg/mL. From the result of principle component analysis (PCA) of microarray data, the effect of LCS on HUVECs was significantly different from the other components. Moreover, there were more differentially expression genes in LCS group than in the other groups, which meant LCS had a strong influence on HUVECs. Compared with untreated cells, 511 significantly changed genes had been detected in LCS treated cells and 236 (approximately 46%) of them were up-regulated. The mRNA expression of IL-6 was found to be increased significantly in LCS group. CONCLUSIONS: In Salvia miltiorrhiza, HCS and LCS had opposite effects on HUVECs. LCS showed significantly inhibitory action on HUVECs proliferation and migration. It was proposed that LCS could apply in the diseases caused by vascular anomaly hyperplasia. In the mechanism of action of LCS on HUVECs, the pathways of ErbB, MAPK, p53, oxidative phosphorylation and inflammatory response were involved.
    Journal of ethnopharmacology 04/2013; · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Corn steep liquor (CSL), an important raw material with high nutritional value, serves as a nitrogen source in the fermentation industry. The CSL quality directly affects the yield and quality of fermentation products. In this work, a fingerprinting technique was used to identify the potential markers of CSL. Forty-two CSL samples from different manufacturers were profiled by ultra-performance liquid chromatography with tandem quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Sixteen compounds, almost all of which were amino acids and their derivatives, were considered as the potential markers. Then, o-phthalaldehyde-9-fluorenylmethyl chloroformate precolumn derivatization by high-performance liquid chromatography was performed to identify the free amino acids in CSL. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to distinguish among the samples from different manufacturers. The results demonstrated that the fingerprinting technique combined with PCA analysis was a powerful tool for determining the CSL quality.
    Talanta 03/2013; 107C:344-348. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL EVIDENCE: Inflammation plays an important role in sepsis, and NF-κB is a key mediator of inflammation. Xuebijing (XBJ) injection is a traditional Chinese medicine injection that was widely used in the treatment of sepsis in China. However, the active constituents and mechanism responsible for its actions have not been investigated experimentally. AIM OF THE STUDY: To screen the anti-inflammatory components in XBJ injection and investigate the modulation of NF-κB in the treatment of sepsis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, the effect of XBJ was assessed in the cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) -induced sepsis model. Subsequently, a bioactivity-integrated ultra-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q/TOF) assay system was established for screening potential anti-inflammatory ingredients in XBJ. Ultimately, six active ingredients were confirmed through an in vitro test. RESULTS: XBJ significantly reduced the mortality rate, anal temperature and expression of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 induced by CLP. Nine potential anti-inflammatory ingredients, including gallic acid, danshensu, protocatechualdehyde, hydroxysafflor yellow A, oxypaeoniflorin, paeoniflorin, safflor yellow A, senkyunolide I and benzoylpaeoniflorin, were found based on the bioactivity-integrated UPLC-Q/TOF assay system. Among these compounds, the NF-κB inhibitor activity of senkyunolide I, safflor yellow A, oxypaeoniflorin, and benzoylpaeoniflorin are first reported here. CONCLUSIONS: XBJ showed significant efficacy in the treatment of sepsis induced by CLP. Multiple targets of the different components were related to these anti-inflammatory effects, which contributed to the treatment of sepsis by XBJ in a clinical setting.
    Journal of ethnopharmacology 03/2013; · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A simple and dual-target method based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry combined with dual-bioactive [nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and β2 -adrenergic receptor] luciferase reporter assay systems was developed to rapidly characterize the chemical structure of various bioactive compounds of TCM preparations. Chuanbeipipa dropping pills, a traditional Chinese medicine preparation used for the clinical therapy of chronic obstructive lung disease and cough caused by bronchial catarrh, was analyzed with this method. Potential anti-inflammatory and spasmolytic constituents were screened using NF-κB and β2 -adrenergic receptor activity luciferase reporter assay systems and simultaneously identified according to the time-of-flight mass spectrometry data. One β2 -adrenergic receptor agonist (ephedrine) and two structural types of NF-κB inhibitors (platycosides derivatives and ursolic acid derivatives) were characterized. Platycodin D3 and E were considered new NF-κB inhibitors. Further cytokine and chemokine detection confirmed the anti-inflammatory effects of the potential NF-κB inhibitors. Compared with conventional fingerprints, activity-integrated fingerprints that contain both chemical and bioactive details offer a more comprehensive understanding of the chemical makeup of plant materials. This strategy clearly demonstrated that multiple bioactivity-integrated fingerprinting is a powerful tool for the improved screening and identification of potential multi-target lead compounds in complex herbal medicines. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Biomedical Chromatography 03/2013; · 1.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Renal accumulation of reactive carbonyl compounds (RCCs) has been linked to the progression of diabetic nephropathy. We previously demonstrated that carbonyl stress induces the formation of amino-carbonyl cross-links and sharply increases the content of β-sheet-rich structures, which is the seed of insoluble aggregates formation, and tea catechin (-)-epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG) can reverse this process in vitro and in vivo. In this study, methylated derivative (-)-epigallocatechin-3-O-(3-O-methyl)-gallate (EGCG3"Me) was hypothesized to neutralize carbonyl stress mediating the formation of insoluble ubiquitinated protein (IUP) aggregates, and reduce the early development of diabetic nephropathy. Diabetes was induced in mice by intraperitoneally injecting alloxan monohydrate (200 mg/kg/d) twice and administering EGCG3"Me by gavage for 15 d. Reagent case and western blot results showed that, in diabetic kidneys, the carbonyl proteins in the serum increased; and in insoluble protein fraction, 4-hydroxynonenal-modified proteins, IUP aggregates and p62 accumulated; FT-IR study demonstrated that the lipid content, anti-parallel β-sheet structure and aggregates increased. EGCG3"Me treatment could effectively reverse this process, even better than the negative control treatment. EGCG3"Me exhibiting anti-β-sheet-rich IUP aggregate properties, maybe represents a new strategy to impede the progression of diabetic nephropathy and other diabetic complications.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(9):e75687. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multi-component fingerprinting and quantitation of the glucosinolates and nucleosides in samples of Radix Isatidis have been carried out using high-performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC–DAD–ESI/MS). Five nucleosides together with one glucosinolate were identified by comparing retention times, ultraviolet spectra, mass spectra and/or empirical molecular formulae of reference compounds. Quantitation of these six compounds was carried out simultaneously by HPLC on a Phenomenex Luna C18 column using gradient elution with methanol and water and detection at 254 nm. All calibration curves were linear (r>0.9994) within test ranges. Limits of detection and quantitation were 0.33 ng and 2.50 ng on column, respectively. Intra- and inter-day precision (as relative standard deviation) for all analytes was <2.19% with recoveries in the range 99.6%–101.8% at three concentration levels. The validated method was successfully applied to fingerprinting and assay of 25 batches of Radix Isatidis sourced from different geographical regions of China. The method is simple and reliable and has potential value in the quality control of Radix Isatidis.
    Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B. 01/2013; 3(5):337–344.
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    ABSTRACT: Lotus nelumbo (LN) (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.) is an aquatic crop that is widely distributed throughout Asia and India, and various parts of this plant are edible and medicinal. It is noteworthy that different organs of this plant are used in traditional herbal medicine or folk recipes to cure different diseases and to relieve their corresponding symptoms. The compounds that are contained in each organ, which are named based on their chemical compositions, have led to their respective usages. In this work, a strategy was used to identify the difference ingredients and screen for Nuclear-factor-kappaB (NF-κB) inhibitors with anti-inflammatory ability in LN. Seventeen main difference ingredients were compared and identified from 64 samples of 4 different organs by ultra-performance liquid chromatography that was coupled with quadrupole/time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/Q-TOF-MS) with principal component analysis (PCA). A luciferase reporter assay system combined with the UPLC/Q-TOF-MS information was applied to screen biologically active substances. Ten NF-κB inhibitors from Lotus plumule (LP) extracts, most of which were isoquinoline alkaloids or flavone C-glycosides, were screened. Heat map results showed that eight of these compounds were abundant in the LP. In conclusion, the LP extracts were considered to have the best anti-inflammatory ability of the four LN organs, and the chemical material basis (CMB) of this biological activity was successfully validated by multivariate statistical analysis and biological research methods.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(11):e81971. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Functionalized alkynyl polyvinyl alcohol magnetic microspheres (PVA MMs) were developed for the specific enrichment of sialic acid-rich glycoproteins by click chemistry. The capture capability for proteins was evaluated through a novel dual-labeled bovine serum albumin (BSA) that utilizes fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). The PVA MM parameters, including the size and coverage of functionalized groups, were optimized by response surface methodology. The optimal parameters obtained were 1.25 µm to 6.31 µm in size and 48.53% to 73.05% in coverage. Then, the optimal PVA MMs were synthesized, and the morphology and surface chemical properties were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). To capture glycoproteins from the cell surface, a bioorthogonal chemical method was applied to metabolically label them with an azide group. The functionalized alkynyl PVA MMs showed a high specificity and strong binding capability for glycoproteins through a [3+2] cycloaddition reaction. The results indicated that the functionalized alkynyl PVA MMs could be applied to the enrichment of cell glycoproteins, and the merits of the MMs suggested an attractive and potential way to facilitate glycoprotein research.
    Biomacromolecules 12/2012; · 5.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The pandemic influenza A virus (H1N1) was transmitted to the human population since 2009, resulting in some consequences of viral pneumonia, respiratory failure, multiple organ failure and, most severely, death. In clinical practice, Chinese medicine possessed extensive experience for prevention and treatment of influenza, but its mechanism still remain unclear. In addition, the efficacy of combination therapy of Chinese and Western medicine was attractive, but not yet clear. In the present study, 131 patients from Guangzhou China referred for H1N1 virus mRNA testing for the evaluation of possible influenza A-infected were eligible for participation. A metabonomics study was carried out to explore the difference between before and after treatment in patients with H1N1 through Chinese and/or Western medicine. Results from metabolic profiling and biochemical detection indicated significant metabolic change in the arachidonic acid metabolic pathway. In the group of combination therapy of Chinese and western medicine, its efficacy was best and the potential biomarkers were significantly changed compared with untreated state. Those results indicated that the potential metabolic biomarker could be supplemented with biochemical detection to obtain more precise diagnosis for H1N1 infection. Clinical trials registration: Clinical Trials. Gov No. 2008GL-50.
    Talanta 10/2012; 100C:51-56. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is widely used for studying cilia/flagella, organelles important for human health and disease. In situ monitoring of flagellar assembly/disassembly kinetics in single living cells has been difficult with conventional methods because of time-consuming media exchange and the requirement of whole cell fixation. Here, we develop a PDMS/glass hybrid microfluidic device for real-time tracking of flagellar length in single living cells of Chlamydomonas. Media exchange is precisely controlled by sequential gas-liquid plugs and complete medium replacement occurs within seconds. Rapid medium exchange allows the capture of transient flagellar dynamics. We show that Chlamydomonas cells respond to acidic medium exchange and deflagellate. However, the two flagella may shed asynchronously. After subsequent medium exchange, cells regenerate full-length flagella. Cells are also induced to shorten their flagella after being exposed to extracellular stimuli. The long-term kinetics of flagellar regeneration and disassembly for the whole cell population on the chip are comparable to those from conventional methods; however, individual cells display non-uniform response kinetics. We also find that flagellar growth rate is dependent on flagellar length. This device provides a potential platform to continuously monitor molecular activities associated with changes in flagellar length and to capture transient molecular changes upon flagellar loss, and initiation of flagellar assembly/disassembly.
    Lab on a Chip 09/2012; 12(21):4516-22. · 5.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Fuzhuan brick tea is a kind of microbial fermented tea, which has received increasing attention in recent years owing to its benefits for human health. In this study, the anti-obesity and hypolipidemic effects of Fuzhuan brick tea water extracts (FTEs) were investigated. RESULTS: FTEs consisted of 204.07 ± 3.38 mg g(-1) polyphenol, 109.20 ± 1.36 mg g(-1) flavonoids, and others. The FTEs significantly suppressed the increase of body weight and accumulation of adipose tissue, and reduced the level of serum triacylglycerol, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in obese rats fed a high-fat diet. Moreover, FTEs attenuated the gene expression of sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c, fatty acid synthase and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein α, which is related to lipogenic metabolism. In contrast, the gene expressions of enzymes involved in energy expenditure and lipodieresis including hepatic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α, carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1a and LDL receptor gene expression were increased by FTE treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that FTEs have anti-obesity and hypolipidemic functions, suggesting that it might be effective for treatment of obesity and hyperlipemia.
    Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 08/2012; · 1.76 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

978 Citations
367.29 Total Impact Points


  • 2014
    • Macau University of Science and Technology
      Macao, Macau, Macao
  • 2013
    • Tianjin University
      T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China
  • 2008–2013
    • Nankai University
      • • College of Pharmacy
      • • Department of Microbiology
      Tianjin, Tianjin Shi, China
    • Hubei University of Technology
      Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China
  • 2007–2013
    • East China University of Science and Technology
      • School of Pharmacy
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 1998–2013
    • Tsinghua University
      • Department of Chemistry
      Beijing, Beijing Shi, China
  • 2012
    • Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
    • Sun Yat-Sen University
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2011
    • Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
      Nan-ch’ang-shih, Jiangxi Sheng, China
  • 2009–2011
    • University of Science and Technology of China
      Luchow, Anhui Sheng, China
    • Tianjin Medical University
      T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China
  • 2007–2009
    • Shenyang Pharmaceutical University
      • School of Pharmaceutics
      Feng-t’ien, Liaoning, China
  • 2006
    • Zhejiang University
      • College of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Hangzhou, Zhejiang Sheng, China
  • 2003
    • Qingdao University
      • Department of Chemistry
      Qingdao, Shandong Sheng, China