Jian-Hui Qiao

Academy of Military Medical Sciences, T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China

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Publications (23)30.25 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This study was purposed to establish and identify a H-2 completely mismatched microtransplantation model of leukemia mouse. The recipients were female BALB/c mice, while donors were male C57BL/6J mice. Recipients were inoculated intravenously with 1×10(6) of WEHI-3 cells, a cell line of myelomonocytic leukemia. Donors received 100 µg/kg G-CSF mobilization through hypodermic injection, every 12 hours, and it last 5 days. Chemotherapy regimens was MA (mitoxantrone+cytarabine), and it last 4 days. Recipients were given chemotherapy conditioning without GVHD prophylaxis after inoculation of leukemic cells for 2 days, and within 8 hours after last chemotherapy received donor mobilized spleen mononuclear cells (sMNC). The number of sMNC was (3, 6, 12) ×10(7), respectively. The early death rate, recovery level of WBC in peripheral blood and leukemia load were compared between chemotherapy and microtransplantation groups. The donor chimerism was detected by RT-PCR. From the clinical manifestation and pathological features, the GVHD in recipients was evaluated. The results showed that the early mortality in chemothearpy group was 25%, meanwhile those in the (3, 6, 12)×10(7) groups were 16.67%, 8.33%, 8.33%, respectively. The(3, 6)×10(7) groups has a stronger hematopoietic recovery capability than that in chemotherapy and 12×10(7) groups (P < 0.05) . There were more leukemic cells in chemothearpy mice than that in microtransplantation mice (P < 0.01) , and (12, 6)×10(7) groups had lower leukemia load than that in 3×10(7) group (P < 0.05) . No signs of GVHD were observed in microtransplantation mice. The donor microchimerism could be discovered at eraly 2 weeks after donor cell transfusion. It is concluded that a H-2 completely mismatched microtransplantation model of leukemia mouse has been successfully established, and it will provide a experimental base for studing microtransplantation in clinic.
    05/2014; 22(3):779-84.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyze the risk factors of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and CMV disease after nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(NST) and develop a rational strategy for the diagnosis, monitoring and preemptive treatment of CMV infection. The Clinical data of 80 patients undergoing NST from November 2009 to November 2012 in the hospital 307 were retrospectively analyzed. The cytomegalovins load in peripheral blood of patients was detected by using RT-PCR. The results indicated that the incidence of CMV infection was 77.5% (62/80), and the median time for the positive CMV-DNA firstly detected by RT-PCR was day 35 (17-133) after NST. The total of 100-day cumulative incidence of CMV disease was 11.3%(9/80) after early preemptive therapy. Both univariate and multivariate analysis showed thymoglobulin (ATG) used in preconditioning regimen, other herpesvirus infection and fungal infection in medical history before NST were the risk factors of CMV infection after NST.Univariate analysis revealed that CMV viremia and ATG used in preconditioning regimen were the risk factors for CMV disease, while the same result was not found in the multivariate analysis.The incidence of CMV infection in patients with II-IV grade of aGVHD was 91.3%,while the incidence of CMV infectin in patients with 0-1 grade of aGVHD was 71.9% (P = 0.06), it seems that II-IV grade of aGVHD was not the risk factor of CMV infection for NST. It is concluded that the ATG used in preconditioning regimen may increase the incidence of both CMV infection and CMV disease after NST. CMV infection easily accompanies by other herpesvirus infection and fungal infection.Therefore other herpesvirus infectien and fungal infection should be attentively monitored and prevented after trans-plantation.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 03/2014; 22(2):458-63.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect and major complications of haploidentical nonmyeloablative allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (NST) for refractory or relapsed leukemia. METHODS: The results of 30 patients, including 14 cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), 11 cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), 5 case of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) (accelerated and blastic phase) with refractory or relapsed leukemia (RF/RL) who underwent haploidentical NST from August 2000 to April 2009 were analyzed. The conditioning regimen consisted of fludarabine (flu), antithymocyte globulin (ATG), cyclophosphamide (CTX), total body irradiation (TBI) and cytarabine (Ara-C) or myleran (Bu). Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prevention programmes consisted of Cyclosporine (CsA), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), CD25 monoclonal antibody combined with mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). RESULTS: Twenty six cases of patients were full donor engraftment and 4 cases mixed chimerism into full donor chimerism. The average duration of neutrophil >0.5×10⁸/L after NST was 11 (9-16) days, and platelet >20×10⁸/L 17 (12-60) days. Upon follow-up of 16 to 120 months, 12-month transplant-related mortality (TRM) was 46.7%, acute Ⅱ-Ⅳgraft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) incidence was 40.0%. The probability of 3-year disease relapse, EFS and overall survival (OS) rates were 16.7%, 46.2% and 50.0% respectively. CONCLUSION: Haploidentical NST could improve OS and EFS of refractory or relapsed leukemia and reducce TRM to some extent.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 03/2013; 34(3):217-220.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore hemorrhage risk and the clinical significance of abnormal change of prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), plasma fibrinogen (FIB), plasma thrombin time (TT) and d-dimer (D-D) in de novo acute leukemia (except for APL), the different bleeding manifestations of 114 cases of de novo acute leukemia with different coagulation indexes were analyzed retrospectively. The correlation between these blood coagulation indexes and the possible correlative clinical characteristics were analysed, including age, sex, type of acute leukemia, initial white blood cell(WBC) and platelet(Plt) count, the proportion of blast cells in bone marrow and cytogenetic abnormality of patients at diagnosis. The results indicated that the incidence of abnormal blood coagulation was as high as 78.1% for de novo AL patients. These patients with 5 normal blood coagulation indexes may have mild bleeding manifestation, but the more abnormal indexes, the more severe bleeding. Both PT and D-D were sensitive indexes for diagnosis of level II bleeding. Incidence of abnormal blood coagulation significantly correlates with the proportion of blast cells in bone marrow (χ(2) = 4.184, OR = 1.021, P < 0.05) and more with D-D (P < 0.01), while age, sex, type of AL, WBC count, Plt count and abnormality of cytogenetics did not correlate with abnormal blood coagulation. It is concluded that the coagulation and fibrinolysis are abnormal in most patients with de novo acute leukemia. More abnormal indexes indicate more severe bleeding, and both PT and D-D are sensitive indexes for diagnosis of level II bleeding. Higher proportion of blast cells in bone marrow predicts higher incidence of abnormal blood clotting. Acute leukemia with elderly age, high white blood cell count and adverse cytogenetics do not predict severer abnormal blood clotting. Detection of PT, APTT, TT, FIB, and D-D may help to judge whether the patients are in a state of hypercoagulability or disseminated intravenous coagulation, which will provide experiment evidences for early intervention and medication.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 03/2013; 21(2):300-4.
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSEDespite best current therapies, approximately half of patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first complete remission (AML-CR1) with no HLA-identical donors experience relapse. Whether HLA-mismatched stem-cell microtransplantation as a novel postremission therapy in these patients will improve survival and avoid graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is still unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred one patients with AML-CR1 (9 to 65 years old) from four treatment centers received programmed infusions of G-CSF-mobilized HLA-mismatched donor peripheral-blood stem cells after each of three cycles of high-dose cytarabine conditioning without GVHD prophylaxis. Donor chimerism and microchimerism and WT1(+)CD8(+) T cells were analyzed. RESULTS: 01 antigen by a pentamer analysis. CONCLUSION Microtransplantation as a postremission therapy may improve outcomes and avoid GVHD in patients with AML-CR1.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2012; · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate effects of IAT and MAT chemotherapeutic regimens treating patients with refractory and relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML). 99 patients with refractory and relapsed AML received IAT regimen or MAT regimen as study objects were retrospectively analyzed (56 patients with refractory AML and 43 patients with relapsed AML). Among of them, 28 patients were treated with IAT regimen, and 71patients received with MAT regimen. The results showed that in 2 groups mentioned above the OR was 65.7%, CR was 49.5%, PR was 16.2%; in IAT group the OR was 64.3%, CR was 46.4%; in MAT group the OR was 66.2%, CR was 50.7%, no statistical difference was found between these 2 groups; The 2 years overall survival was 25% in IAT group and 15.5% in MAT group. Serious infection in IAT and MAT regime groups was 25% and 9.9%, respectively. It is concluded that both IAT and MAT regimens are effective methods for inducing CR in patients with refractory of relapsed AML. IAT and MAT regimens can be used in treatment of the refractory or relapsed MAL patients who were not respond to other regimen.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 07/2012; 20(4):884-8.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was purposed to analyze the clinical characteristics of multiple myeloma (MM) patients with and without renal impairment (RI) and to investigate the effect of bortezomib (Bor) on MM with RI. Clinical data of 39 MM patients (15 cases with RI, 24 cases without RI) received treatment of Bor in department of hematology in our hospital from Jan 2007 to Aug 2011 were collect and analyzed in term of clinical characteristics, curative efficacy, outcome of renal impairment and toxic reaction associated to chemotherapy. The results showed that (1) the obvious difference of the disease type, the creatinine, uric acid, serum calcium and β2-microglobulin levels existed in patients with and without RI, while there were no significant difference in hemoglobin and globin levels; (2) there were no significant difference in overall reaction rate and overall survival rate between MM patients with and without RI, however the median survival time of patients without RI was longer than that of patients with RI; (3) the RI could be reversed after the treatment with Bor, and the effect was most obvious after the first cycle. 20% MM patients with RI had recovered from RI after the first cycle; and the recovery rate from RI got up to 38.4% after the second cycle. The decline of creatinine levels had no difference between MM patients with or without RI after the second cycle. (4) The adverse events included gastrointestinal symptoms, peripheral neuropathy, thrombocytopenia and infection. There was also no difference between the 2 groups. It is concluded that Bor-based regimens for the MM patients with RI are effective and safe, and the renal function would be reversed after 2 cycle of Bor-based regimen.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 06/2012; 20(3):628-31.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical situation of invasive fungal infections in patients with hematological malignancies, and discuss the susceptible factors and precautions. 541 patients with hematological malignancies from 2008 Jan to 2011 Dec in hospital 307 of Chinese PLA were statistically retrospectively analyzed in term of clinical manifestation, image examination, culture results of secretions, therapy and so on. The results showed that 63 out of 541 patients got invasive fungal infections. The respiratory tract and intestinal tract were the most common infection sites (62.34 and 19.48, respectively); Candida albicans (66.67) and Candida glabrata (12.82) were the most common pathogenes. It is concluded that the main risk factors are as follows: primary diseases, chemotherapy, glucocorticoid, leukopenia after chemotherapy, applications of broad-spectrum antibiotics and aging. It is suggested that a stratification of risk factors is helpful in preventing and treating invasive fungal infections.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 03/2012; 20(2):492-5.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to investigate the expression level of NOV and BNIP3 mRNA in mice myelomonocytic leukemia (AML-M(4)) and its significance. The mice were inoculated intravenously with myelomonocytic leukemia cells of WEHI-3, and divided randomly into chemotherapy group and control (untreated) group. Bone marrow samples were then collected from both groups at different times. The NOV and BNIP3 mRNA expression were detected by TaqMan quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and the relationship between these expression levels and clinical significance in leukemia incidence and progression were analyzed with β-actin as the housekeeping gene. The results showed that the mean values of NOV and BNIP3 increased gradually from 2 weeks after inoculation and achieved highest level at death in control group. Expression level of NOV increased from 1.85E-05 before inoculation to 3.57E-02 at death (p < 0.05), and BNIP3 from 3.44E-03 to 3.48E-02. While 2 gene expression in the chemotherapy group decreased quickly to 2.51E-05 and 1.58E-03 (p < 0.05) respectively after chemotherapy, which were close to the level before inoculation (p > 0.05). The 2 gene expressions again rose at relapse, and difference of expression level between 2 group at death were no statistically significant (p > 0.05). It is concluded that the expression of NOV and BNIP3 in leukemia AML-M(4) is significantly higher than that in normal controls, of which high level expression is an important factor in the development of leukemia. Close relation between the therapeutic effect and expression level of these two genes suggests the great value in prognostic evaluation and MRD detection.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 03/2011; 19(2):293-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the relationship between WT1-induced T-cell subsets and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (NST). Peripheral blood mononucleated cells (PBMCs) from 19 patients who expressed WT1 and developed GVHD after NST were simulated by WT1126-134 peptide in vitro, and proportions of WT1-induced-T-cell subsets (Tc1, Tc2, Th1, Th2 cells) before and after transplant were detected by intracellular cytokine staining (ICCS) assay. WT1-specific CD8(+) CTLs of 14 patients with HLA-A*0201 were detected by HLA-A*0201/WT1 pentamer. (1) 17 of 19 patients developed GVHD, among whom proportions of Tc1 and Th1 cells, achieved peak value in 16 patients at occurrence of GVHD (P = 0.039); (2) The peak proportions of Tc1 and Th1 cells in patients with aGVHD above grade II were higher than those with grade I, but being no statistical difference (P = 0.900 and P = 0.140, respectively); (3) The peak proportion of Th1 cells (P = 0.004), but not Tc1 cells (P = 0.060) in patients with extensive cGVHD was significantly higher than that in patients with limited one; (4) Proportions of Tc1, Th1 and WT1(+)CD8(+)CTL in patients without GVHD were similar to those in patients with Grade I aGVHD, but lower than those in aGVHD above grade II. GVHD promotes the generation of WT1-induced GVL effect, and the intensity of the latter maybe correlated with the intensity of GVHD, especially cGVHD. Th1 cells play a more important role in the enhancement of WT1-induced GVL effect in extensive cGVHD patient than in limited cGVHD patients.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 02/2011; 32(2):89-93.
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment outcome of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in elderly patients remains unsatisfactory. It has been shown that the infusion of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-mobilized donor peripheral blood stem cells (G-PBSCs) can enhance graft-versus-leukemia effects and speed hematopoietic recovery. Fifty-eight AML patients aged 60-88 years were randomly assigned to receive induction chemotherapy with cytarabine and mitoxantrone (control group; n = 28) or it plus human leukocyte antigen-mismatched G-PBSCs (G-PBSC group; n = 30). Patients who achieved complete remission received another 2 cycles of postremission therapy with intermediate-dose cytarabine or it plus G-PBSCs. The complete remission rate was significantly higher in the G-PBSC group than in the control group (80.0% vs 42.8%; P = .006). The median recovery times of neutrophils and platelets were 11 days and 14.5 days, respectively, in the G-PBSC group and 16 days and 20 days, respectively, in the control group after chemotherapy. The 2-year probability of disease-free survival was significantly higher in the G-PBSC group than in the control group (38.9% vs 10.0%; P = .01). No graft-versus-host disease was observed in any patient. Persistent donor microchimerism was successfully detected in all of the 4 female patients. These results indicate that G-PBSCs in combination with conventional chemotherapy may provide a promising treatment method for AML in elderly patients.
    Blood 10/2010; 117(3):936-41. · 9.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was purposed to investigate the value of combination of pentamer and intracellular IFNgamma staining in the qualitative and quantitative detection of circulating antigen-specific T cells. WT1 expressions in 14 HLA-A*0201+ patients and their matched donors were detected by RT-PCR, and circulating WT1 specific T cells were assayed by HLA-A*0201/WT1 pentamer combined with intracellular IFNgamma+ staining. The results showed that the low level of WT1 expression was found only in 2 cases out of 14 donors, but different levels of WT1 expression could be observed in all leukemic patients. The WT1+CD8+ CTL and WT1+IFNgamma+ cells did not detected in all 14 donors, but WT1+CD8+ CTL cells in 2 patients and WT1+IFNgamma+ cells in 3 patients could be detected before transplantation respectively, there was no significant difference between them, while the WT1+CD8+ CTL cells and WT1+IFNgamma+ cells both could be detected in all 14 patients after transplantation, the positive detection rate after transplantation was obviously higher than that before transplantation. The WT1+CD8+ and WT1+ IFNgamma+ cells could be detected within 30 days after transplantation, but the positive detection rate of WT1+IFNgamma+ cells was higher than that of WT1+CD8+ CTL cells (p=0.014). The median peak value of WT1+CD8+ CTL cells was 0.18% in 14 patients, and the median peak value of WT1+IFNgamma+ cells was 0.83% in 14 patients, the later was significantly higher than former. The median peak time of WT1+CD8+ CTL cells was 75 days after transplantation, while the WT1+IFNgamma+ cells was 105 days after transplantation, there was no significant difference between them. It is concluded that pentamer and intracellular IFNgamma staining may effectively detect circulating WT1 specific T cells in leukemic patients, and the combination of these two methods profit to the exact qualitation and quantitation of circulating antigen-specific T cells.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 04/2010; 18(2):505-9.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was purposed to investigate the reconstitution of immune system in patients with acute lymphocyte leukemia (ALL) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) after HLA-mismatched nonmyeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (NHSCT) and its relation with infection and GVHD. 6 ALL and 4 AML patients having HLA-mismatched related donors received the nonmyeloablative precondition regimen composed of fludarabine (Fln), ATG, Ara-C, CTX and total body irradiation (TBI) in dose 2 Gy. The GVHD was prevented and treated by CsA, anti-CD25 antibody and mycophenolic mofetil (MMF) before and after transplantation. The flow cytometry was used to detect the changes of total T cells, help/inducer T cells, suppressor/killer T cells, gamma/delta T cells, B cells, NK cells, NKT cells, regulatory T cells, activated T cells, naive T cells, memory T cells and ratio of CD4/CD8 in patients with remission resulting from chemotherapy before transplantation, and analyse the relation of immunofunctional cells to infection and GVHD after transplantation, compare the difference in recovery of immune system of ALL and AML patients. The results showed that the recovery of total lymphocytes and lymphocyte subsets displayed one's own regular pattern. As compared with patients without GVHD, the counts of lymphocyte subsets in patients with GVHD was higher, while the counts of gamma/delta T cells, regulatory T cells, NK cells, the counts of B cells, NK cells, naive cells and CD4/CD8 ratio as well as the counts of B cells, naive T cells and NK cells were lower at 1 month, 2 - 3 months and 6 - 8 months after transplantation respectively. The total T cells and subsets recovered slowly, but NK cells and NKT cells recovered rapidly in patients with infection at early period after transplantation, the B cells and naive B cells recovered rapidly at 3 months after transplantation. There was no difference in lymphocyte recovery between ALL and AML patients. It is concluded that the analysis of each lymphocyte subsets may indirectly show the recovery of thymus function in patients, the changes of NK cells, B cells and naive T cells have an important significance for identifying and forecasting the GVHD and infection.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 12/2009; 17(6):1527-31.
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    ABSTRACT: Severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and graft rejection still remain major complications of haploidentical nonmyeloablative (NMA) stem cell transplantation. Recent studies have shown that bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess immunomodulatory capacity and may promote hematopoietic engraftment. The purpose of this study was to observe if the new strategy, which included a haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) combined with MSCs, modified NMA conditioning, and GVHD prophylaxis would improve donor engraftment and prevent severe GVHD. The modified conditioning approach consisted of fludarabine (Flu), low-dose total body irradiation (TBI), cyclophosphamide (Cy), cytarabine, and anti-Tcell-lymphocyte globulin, whereas the GVHD prophylaxis consisted of cyclosporin A (CsA), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), anti-CD25 antibody and intrabone marrow injection of MSCs. Thirty-three patients with high-risk acute leukemia underwent transplantation with PBSC from HLA-haploidentical donors without T cell depletion. All of the patients achieved full donor chimerisms, including 6 who switched to full donor chimerisms from mixed chimerisms in 1 to 2 months after the transplantations. Rapid hematological engraftment was observed with neutrophils >0.5 x 10(9)/L at day 11 and platelets >20 x 10(9)/L at day 14. Fifteen patients (45.5%) developed grade I-IV acute GVHD (aGVHD) and only 2 (6.1%) developed grade III to IV aGVHD. Nine (31%) of 29 evaluable patients experienced chronic GVHD (cGVHD). Upon follow-up for 1.5 to 60 months, 20 (60.6%) patients were alive and well and 6 (18.2%) had relapsed leukemia in the 33 patients. The probability of 3-year survival was 57.2%. The results indicate that this new strategy is effective in improving donor engraftment and preventing severe GVHD, which will provide a feasible option for the therapy of high-risk acute leukemia.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 08/2009; 15(8):930-7. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to explore the occurrence and clinical features of acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) in non-myeloablative stem cell transplantation (NAST). 19 cases developed aGVHD out of 71 cases with NAST in recent years were analyzed retrospectively. Out of 19 cases, 9 males and 10 females at the median age of 38 (18-59), 16 cases with grade I-II aGVHD, 3 cases with grade III-IV aGVHD. The results indicated that the incidence of aGVHD in NAST was 26.7% (19/71), and severe aGVHD was 4.2%, the median onset time was 58 days (17-240 days) after transplantation. Skin and especially the intestine were the main target organs of aGVHD, while diarrhea occurred as the first symptom in 7 cases, 3 cases showed mixed acute and chronic GVHD involving more locations at the same time. aGVHD occurrence was 38.2% in those patients with full donor chimerism (FDC) and 16% in patients with the mixed chimerism (MC). It is concluded that aGVHD in NAST is less in occurrence, lighter in severity and later in time, but higher occurrence in those with early FDC, which intestine and skin are the main target organs. The clinical course is prolonged and easily complicated with severe infection in the later phase. Early combined therapy with powerful supportive treatment is necessary.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 03/2008; 16(1):116-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of study was to select the best scheme of G-CSF to mobilize peripheral stem/progenitor cells in healthy donors. The clinical data of 60 cases received nonmyeloablative allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was analyzed retrospectively. The results indicated that the counts of MNC and CD34(+) cells were significantly higher in the 10 microg/(kg.d) group than that in the 5 microg/(kg.d) group (P < 0.05). The counts of MNC and CD34(+) cells which were collected after day 4 or 5 in the 10 microg/(kg.d) groups were not significantly different. The percentage of CD3(+) cells, CD4(+) cells and CD8(+) cells were not different in different groups. It is concluded that the scheme using 10 microg/(kg.d) G-CSF is more efficient than that in the 5 microg/(kg.d) group in mobilizing stem cells. It may reduce days for mobilization and decrease expense for collection of cells after 4 days of mobilization. Scheme using 10 microg/(kg.d) G-CSF for cells collecting after 4 days is more efficient.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 02/2007; 15(1):165-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the effects of ABO incompatibility between recipient and donor on HLA-matched nonmyeloablative allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (NAST), a retrospective, cohort study was performed. Among 24 HLA-matched NAST, 15 were major ABO-incompatible and 9 minor. Control group included 24 HLA-matched NAST with ABO-compatible grafts. Nonmyeloablative conditioning regimens consisted of CTX, Ara-C and ATG. The patients were given cyclosporine A and mycophenolate mofetile for prophylaxis of acute GVHD. The ABO-incompatible patients received grafts depleted erythrocytes by hydroxyethyl starch (HES) sedimentation. The results showed that successful and stable engraftment was established in 23 patients. No recipient developed clinically immediate hemolysis during graft infusion, but 2 recipients experienced delayed hemolysis attributable to the ABO incompatibility. The median time of granulocyte counts >0.5 x 10(9)/L and platelet >30 x 10(9)/L was 11 and 14.9 days, respectively. In ABO major incompatible group, the onset of erythropoiesis after NAST was delayed. One out of 10 recipients with blood group "O" in this group developed pure red cell aplasia (PRCA), lasting 5 months. The acute GVHD occurred in 7 out of the 24 patients. The chronic GVHD occurred in 5 of 21 cases. Relapse was observed in 2 patients with acute leukemia. The actuarial probability of disease-free survival at 2 years was 63.3%. In conclusion, ABO-incompatible grafts for NAST have no adverse effect on engraftment, recovery of platelets, incidence of GVHD, relapse rate or survival. ABO-incompatible NAST is fairly safe if there is indication, however, the onset of erythropoiesis is delayed when major ABO mismatched.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 03/2005; 13(1):39-42.
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the kinetics of hematopoietic cell chimerism in the early period after non-myeloablative stem cell transplantation (NAST) and to investigate the correlation between molecular and hematologic assessment of engraftment or rejection. Short tandem repeat-polymerase chain reaction (STR-PCR) analysis of chimerism status was carried out in 6 patients who received NAST from HLA-matched sibling donors. In 5/6 patients, the peripheral blood samples collected on the first day after allograft infusion displayed the presence of mixed chimerism. STR-PCR analysis revealed a gradual increase of the donor-specific allelic signal which became dominant over the recipient-specific allele by day +7. On day +14, hematologic chimerisms were completely donor origin. Their molecular engraftments (ME) were detected at a median time of 6 days, preceding hematologic engraftment by a median of 5 days (P > 0.05). But the sixth patient showed more than 50% host residual cells on day +7 and had no signs of ME on day +14. It suggested that molecular monitoring of the early dynamics of chimerism after NAST could be useful in predicting engraftment, or rejection. If the engraftment was less than 50% on day +7 and failed to get ME on day +14, the graft rejection would occur.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 08/2004; 25(8):466-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the therapeutic effect of conditioning regimen containing fludarabine in nonmyeloablative allogeneic peripheral blood stem cells transplantation (NAST) in the treatment of hematological diseases. Thirty-six patients with acute leukaemia, severe aplastic anaemia, MDS and myelofibrosis received NAST from HLA matched donors' G-CSF mobilized peripheral blood stem cells after nonmyeloabalative conditioning. The conditioning regimen consisted of CTX, Ara-C, CsA, anti-CD(3) antibody or anti-thymocyte globulin and with or without fludarabine. GVHD prophylaxis was performed with cyclosporine combined methotrexate (no MMF group, n = 5) or mycophenolate mofetil (MMF group, n = 31). All of the treatment was generally well tolerated and all cases achieved engrafted of the donor cells. In fludarabine group, engraftment was observed in 87.5% (14/16) patients with complete donor chimerism, graft failure was 12.5% (2/16) and in no fludarabine group, 80% (16/20) and 20% (4/20), respectively. The incidence of acute GVHD (grade I - IV) was 27.8% (10/36) and chronic GVHD 22.2% (8/36). In fludarabine group, grade I - II aGVHD was 37.5%, in no fludarabine group, 20%. cGVHD was 12.5% in fludarabine group and in no fludarabine group 30%, respectively. Interstitial pneumonia (IP) was observed in 16.7% (6/36) of the patients, being 18.7% (3/16) and 15% (3/20) in fludarabine and no fludarabine group, respectively. Overall survival rate was 80.5% (29/36) with a median follow-up of 13 months. There was no significant difference between fludarabine based (n = 16) and non-fludarabine based conditioning regimen (n = 20) in NAST for the treatment of hematological diseases, regarding for incidence of GVHD, IP, engraftment and survival.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 09/2003; 24(8):413-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis is difficult to diagnose and a critical ill with high mortality. In this paper, the diagnosis and treatment of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis complicated in 3 cases of hematological malignancy (2 acute leukemias and 1 MDS-RA) were retrospectively analysed. All patients had histories of hypoimmunity and were received prophylactic antifungal treatment. Pulmonary aspergillosis infection still occurred and confirmedly diagnosed by sputum examination. After 7 to 14 days of combination treatment of liposomal amphotericin B, itraconazole and flucytosine, 2 cases were cured and another showed effective. In conclusion, early diagnosis and treatment of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis are very critical and the therapeutic effectiveness of combined scheme with liposomal amphotericin B, itraconazole and flucytosine is very effective for pulmonary aspergillosis.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 05/2003; 11(2):202-4.