Noriko Namba

Okayama University, Okayama, Okayama, Japan

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Publications (5)15.43 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation is widely performed as a curative therapy for hematopoietic malignancies. Donors for PBSC harvest (PBSCH) are usually healthy subjects and undergo granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor treatment and apheresis procedures. A considerable proportion of donors experience poor mobilization, necessitating additional harvesting or marrow collection or remobilization. Although some characteristics have been reported to correlate with poor mobilization, they may not be taken into account in selecting PBSC donors. To protect healthy donors, it is preferable to predict the number of apheresis procedures needed for PBSCH before the procedure is initiated. A retrospective cohort study of 83 subjects was conducted, using statistical models to predict the probability of obtaining a sufficient number of CD34+ cells (>or=2.0 x 10(6)/kg) in the first to the third apheresis procedures and the probability of failure to obtain sufficient cells within three apheresis sessions. This study explored potential candidate factors in an ordinal probit regression analysis. Significant factors predicting successful PBSCH were donor age, donor sex, and body weight difference between donor and recipient. The predictive model showed good agreement with the observed number of apheresis sessions. Simulation tables are presented with this model. The statistical model developed to predict the number of apheresis procedures for PBSCH may be useful for planning PBSCH in clinical practice.
    Transfusion 08/2009; 49(11):2384-9. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Umbilical cord blood transplantation (CBT) has increasingly been used as a therapeutic option for adult patients for whom allogeneic stem-cell transplantation is not indicated, due to the availability of cord blood. However, myeloablative conditioning regimens are associated with significant mortality, and high relapse rates in reduced-intensity regimens may result in a poor rate of disease-free survival for those with advanced stages of hematological malignancies. Therefore, it remains unknown whether CBT is a truly effective option for such adults with high-risk disease, as well as for those with standard-risk disease. Thirty adult patients with a median age of 45 years (range: 16-67) with standard or high-risk disease underwent CBT from unrelated donors at Okayama University Hospital between October 2002 and May 2007. Twenty-one patients had diseases classified as high-risk for transplantation. The median number of nucleated cells in infused cord blood was 2.65 x 10(7)/kg (range: 1.73-4.87). Twenty-three patients achieved neutrophil engraftment at a median time of 22 days (range: 13-42) after CBT. The cumulative incidence of grade II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 53.6% . Out of the 30 patients, 11 were alive and disease-free at a median time of 446 days (range: 124-1153) after CBT. The cumulative 1-year overall survival in patients with standard-risk or high-risk disease was 63.5% and 15.4%, respectively (p=0.01). Although from a retrospective study, these results suggest that unrelated donor CBT could be safe and effective for adult patients with standard-risk disease who cannot find a suitable HLA-matched volunteer marrow or peripheral blood donor.
    Anticancer research 06/2009; 29(5):1763-70. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dock2 has been shown to be indispensable for chemotaxis of mature lymphocytes as a critical Rac activator. However, the functional expression of Dock2 in immature hematopoietic cells is unclear. In this study, we demonstrate that Dock2 is broadly expressed in bone marrow (BM) hematopoietic compartment, including hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSC/HPC) fraction. Response of Dock2-/- HPCs to CXCL12 in chemotaxis and actin polymerization in vitro was impaired, although alpha4 integrin activation by CXCL12 was not altered. Myelosuppressive stress on HSCs in vivo, such as consecutive 5-FU administration and serial bone marrow transplantation, did not show hematopoietic defect in Dock2-/- mice. Long-term engraftment of transplanted Dock2-/- BM cells was severely impaired in competitive reconstitution. However, this was not intrinsic to HSCs but originated from the defective competition of Dock2-/- lymphoid precursors. These results suggest that Dock2 plays a significant role in BM lymphopoiesis, but is dispensable for HSC engraftment and self-renewal.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 03/2008; 367(1):90-6. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pathogenesis of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is largely unknown. It is important to determine the responsible cell types and the factors that play roles to recruit these cells into sites of disease. We examined whether monocytes and chemokine fractalkine/receptor CX3CR1 axis might be involved. We found that the absolute number of CX3CR1+ monocytes in the blood was significantly decreased in patients with severe cGVHD. Immunohistochemical staining revealed the extensive infiltration of CD14+ cells as well as strong expression of fractalkine in the cGVHD skin. The number of infiltrated CD14+ cells on the margin of fractalkine+ epidermis was larger in cGVHD skin compared to that of acute graft-versus-host disease, whereas no difference was observed in CD3+ T cells. These results suggest that CX3CR1+ monocytes may be recruited from the circulation to the fractalkine+ epidermis in cGVHD, and highlight these cells and this chemokine/receptor axis as additional targets for cGVHD therapy.
    Transplantation 02/2007; 83(2):220-4. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of T-cell chronic lymphoproliferative disorder (CLPD) that shows neither features of T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia nor disease progression for more than 34 months. Flow cytometric analyses of the lymphocytes revealed high expression of CD4 and CD25. Up-regulation of Foxp3, a master regulatory gene for developmental differentiation of regulatory T cells (Treg), was confirmed at mRNA and protein levels. To our knowledge, this is the first case of extremely indolent CLPD with Treg phenotype.
    American Journal of Hematology 10/2006; 81(9):713-6. · 4.00 Impact Factor