Chun-Hsiung Shih

Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan

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Publications (59)122.87 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Radiographic parameters for evaluating hip development are altered by Salter osteotomy, and their prognostic value require further validation. A total of 63 patients who underwent open reduction and Salter osteotomy for unilateral hip dysplasia were evaluated with Severin classification 10.8 years later. The initial first-year postoperative acetabular index, c/b ratio, head-teardrop distance, and head coverage were compared with the final outcome of Severin classification. Greater c/b ratio was significantly associated with later Severin class III hip. Using receiver operating characteristics curve, a c/b ratio greater than 0.72 at 6 months and 1 year postoperatively can predict the possibility of a class III hip in 30 and 60% of patients, respectively.
    Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B 10/2014; 24(1). DOI:10.1097/BPB.0000000000000109 · 0.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The two-incision technique and the modified Watson-Jones technique use muscular intervals and avoid muscle cutting in total hip arthroplasty (THA). However these two techniques have not been compared. A prospective randomized study of clinical outcomes and patient preferences was performed in 20 patients who had a two-incision THA in one hip and a modified Watson-Jones THA in the other between January 2004 and August 2007. The 20 patients were randomized equally to the two-incision first or the modified Watson-Jones first group. After the second surgery, patients were asked about their preferences for one of the two techniques and clinical results were analyzed. After a minimal follow-up of 2 years, there were no differences in the hospital course, clinical results, functional outcomes, and radiographic results between techniques. However more patients (70%) preferred the two-incision side to the modified Watson-Jones side in the first 6 months regardless which procedure was performed first. Given the similarity of these two techniques in cup implantation and with only a difference in femoral stem implantation, we think that the difference in patient preferences in the early postoperative period might be related to the surgical dissection and manipulation of the hip with the modified Watson-Jones technique.
    Chang Gung medical journal 01/2012; 35(1):54-61. DOI:10.4103/2319-4170.106166
  • Chia-Hsieh Chang · Wen-E Yang · Hsuan-Kai Kao · Chun-Hsiung Shih · Ken N Kuo
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    ABSTRACT: Avascular necrosis after treatment for late developmental dysplasia of the hip can result in deformity of the femoral head and long-term morbidity. This study aims to analyze the clinical and radiographic factors that are associated with femoral head deformity in the early stage of avascular necrosis. Thirty patients with unilateral developmental dysplasia of the hip treated by the same operation before 3 years of age and who developed early signs of avascular necrosis, were studied. Avascular necrosis was diagnosed by either broadening of the femoral neck, fragmentation of the capital epiphysis, or the presence of a metaphyseal growth disturbance line in the first postoperative year. After 10-year follow-up, the hips were classified into spherical head or deformed head by irregularity <2 mm or more to analyze the associated factors. Sixteen hips had spherical femoral heads and the other 14 hips had deformed femoral heads. Age, sex, side, Tonnis classification, and preoperative or postoperative acetabular index were not associated with the outcome after avascular necrosis. Among the early signs of avascular necrosis, fragmentation of the capital epiphysis was significantly associated with later head deformity. Fragmentation was a sign with high sensitivity (79%) and high specificity (88%) in predicting a deformed head. Broadening of femoral neck had a high sensitivity (93%), but a low specificity (38%) in outcome prediction. Fragmentation and flattening of the femoral epiphysis are the worst radiographic signs indicating subsequent growth disturbance and deformity of the proximal femur. Broadening of the femoral neck exhibited high sensitivity in predicting later deformity, and physicians should be alerted to subsequent epiphyseal fragmentation. A metaphyseal growth disturbance line is a sign of avascular necrosis, but the predictive value is limited. Diagnostic level 3.
    Journal of pediatric orthopedics 04/2011; 31(3):240-5. DOI:10.1097/BPO.0b013e31820fc895 · 1.47 Impact Factor
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    Chia-Hsieh Chang · Hsuan-Kai Kao · Wen-E Yang · Chun-Hsiung Shih
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    ABSTRACT: Reports of the efficacy of Salter's osteotomy have often been based on groups of patients with complex disease conditions and treatment. The purposes of this study were to document the results of patients with well-defined conditions, focusing on the onset and sequelae of osteonecrosis. The study participants consisted of 63 patients with unilateral hip dislocation who had undergone one-stage open reduction and Salter's innominate osteotomy between the ages of 1 and 3 years. The results were evaluated clinically by McKay's classification and radiologically by the modified Severin's classification. Early signs of osteonecrosis were identified by neck widening, epiphysis fragmentation, and presence of a metaphyseal growth disturbance line in the first year after the operation. After a follow-up of 10 years on average, good clinical and radiographic results were noted in 89% and 92% of the patients, respectively. Osteonecrosis occurred in 30 hips, of which 14 subsequently developed femoral head deformity. Residual dysplasia was noted in 5 hips, mostly resulting from late-onset coxa valga. Eighty-five percent of the hips without osteonecrosis and 53% of the hips with osteonecrosis (p < 0.05) were classified as Severin class 1. No pre-operative factors were found to be associated with the occurrence of osteonecrosis. One-stage open reduction and Salter's osteotomy was an effective treatment for developmental dysplasia of the hip after walking age. However, parents must be informed of the two major complications, osteonecrosis and residual dysplasia, that can lead to long-term morbidity.
    Chang Gung medical journal 01/2011; 34(1):84-92.
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    Mel S Lee · Pang-Hsin Hsieh · Chun-Hsiung Shih · Ching-Jen Wang
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    ABSTRACT: Non-traumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head commonly affects young adults between the third and fifth decade of life. It is the leading cause of hip joint replacements in many Asian countries including Taiwan. The ultimate goal is the preservation of the involved hip. However, this is often challenging since early diagnosis is difficult, the etiologies are miscellaneous, the pathogenesis is unclear, and successful treatment is undetermined. As a consequence, this disease remains well-known but not fully-understood. This review provides an update of the progress from clinical studies to basic bench work in terms of natural history, risk factors, genetic predilections, diagnosis, staging, and miscellaneous therapeutic modalities.
    Chang Gung medical journal 07/2010; 33(4):351-60.
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    ABSTRACT: Background and purpose Whether or not uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) can achieve durable fixation of implants to bone in patients on chronic hemodialysis is unknown. We analyzed the 2–13-year clinical outcomes of cementless THA in patients with end-stage renal diseases who were maintained on long-term hemodialysis. Patients and methods We reviewed the outcome of 23 consecutive uncemented THAs undertaken between 1993 and 2004, in patients with chronic renal failure who had been on long-term hemodialysis (2–18 years). 1 patient died and 2 patients were lost to follow-up within 2 years, leaving 20 hips (20 patients, median age 66 (38–81) years at the time of THA, 11 females) that were reviewed at median 7 (2–13) years postoperatively. Results Radiographic bone-ingrowth fixation of the components was found in 19 patients. 1 patient had aseptic loosening requiring revision surgery. The median d'Aubigne and Postel score was 10 (8–14) preoperatively and 15 (12–18) at final review. No prosthetic infections were found in any of the patients. Interpretation Uncemented THA shows promising medium-term results in patients receiving long-term hemodialysis.
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    ABSTRACT: Whether or not uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) can achieve durable fixation of implants to bone in patients on chronic hemodialysis is unknown. We analyzed the 2-13-year clinical outcomes of cementless THA in patients with end-stage renal diseases who were maintained on long-term hemodialysis. We reviewed the outcome of 23 consecutive uncemented THAs undertaken between 1993 and 2004, in patients with chronic renal failure who had been on long-term hemodialysis (2-18 years). 1 patient died and 2 patients were lost to follow-up within 2 years, leaving 20 hips (20 patients, median age 66 (38-81) years at the time of THA, 11 females) that were reviewed at median 7 (2-13) years postoperatively. Radiographic bone-ingrowth fixation of the components was found in 19 patients. 1 patient had aseptic loosening requiring revision surgery. The median d'Aubigne and Postel score was 10 (8-14) preoperatively and 15 (12-18) at final review. No prosthetic infections were found in any of the patients. Uncemented THA shows promising medium-term results in patients receiving long-term hemodialysis.
    Acta Orthopaedica 02/2010; 81(2):178-82. DOI:10.3109/17453671003628749 · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • Yuhan Chang · Chi-Chien Hu · Dave W Chen · Steve W N Ueng · Chun-Hsiung Shih · Mel S Lee
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    ABSTRACT: This study reports a novel local bone graft technique for the treatment of osteonecrosis of femoral head (ONFH). From 1998 to 2005, a procedure using local bone grafting was performed for the treatment of ONFH in 11 patients. The local bone grafts were obtained from the intertrochanteric region and then impacted into the necrotic lesion. A wire coil was inserted into the remaining space after the grafting. At a mean follow-up of 61 months (range, 30 to 103 months), all 5 ARCO stage IIC hips survived but 3 of the 6 ARCO stage IIIA hips failed. The overall clinical success rate was 73%. This study demonstrates that local cancellous bone grafting combined with a space-filling device implanted into the ONFH is a promising procedure and the wire coil showed no interference to the remodeling of the femoral head after grafting.
    Surgical Innovation 02/2009; 16(1):63-7. DOI:10.1177/1553350608330398 · 1.46 Impact Factor
  • Wen-E Yang · Chun-Hsiung Shih · Zhon-Liau Lee · Chia-Hsien Chang · Wen-Jer Chen
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    ABSTRACT: We questioned the principle of treatment of late lateral condylar fracture of a pediatric elbow. We report the results of treating this condition using a different approach. We treated six children with type 3 late lateral condylar fractures. The average age was 4.5 years old. The time delay from injury to surgery averaged at 3.8 months. All the displaced lateral condyles were Milch type 2 with significant rotation away from the trochlea. The articular anatomic reduction of the lateral condyles was achieved via ulnar osteotomy in all six cases. We fixed both the fracture and the osteotomy with Kirschner wires buried under the skin. No strenuous passive physical therapy was needed. All lateral condylar fractures and ulnar osteotomies were united within 3 months. Five out of six children had regained full range of motion and symmetric carrying angles at the latest follow-up 2 to 11 years later. Complications included transient physeal change and lateral bump. Based on our results, we recommend olecranon osteotomy via a posterior approach as one of the options in treating late cases of type 3 lateral condylar fracture of the elbow with significant displacement in children.
    The Journal of trauma 06/2008; 64(5):1281-9. DOI:10.1097/TA.0b013e318069117b · 2.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We radiographically measured the bipolar cup position to analyze the direction of joint force acting on the bipolar cup. The abduction angle of the bipolar cup was measured in each radiograph taken immediately and at six 12 weeks and yearly after the operation. Radiographs in patients with weight bearing were also investigated. The results indicated that the abduction angle of the bipolar cup was 24.1 degrees +/- 11.2 degrees immediate postoperatively and was 16.2 degrees +/- 5.1 degrees at 6 weeks, 16.1 degrees +/- 5.1 degrees at 3 months, and 16.2 degrees +/- 5.1 degrees at 1 year. The cup abduction angles with weight bearing were not different from those without weight bearing and were 15.9 degrees +/- 4.9 degrees , 16.2 degrees +/- 4.4 degrees , and 16.1 degrees +/- 4.7 degrees on the supine, double-legged stance, and single-legged stance radiographs, respectively. Because the position of the bipolar cup reflects the direction of loads pivoting on it, the direction of the joint force in the frontal plane acting on the bipolar prosthesis is about 16 degrees to vertical.
    The Journal of Arthroplasty 03/2007; 22(2):189-94. DOI:10.1016/j.arth.2006.02.079 · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is indicated in the ACL-deficient knee with symptomatic instability and multiple ligaments injuries. In the present study, we describe the clinical results of quadriceps tendon-patellar bone autograft for ACL reconstruction. From 1996 to 1998, the graft has been used in 38 patients. Thirty-four patients with complete final follow-up for 4-7 years were analyzed. The average follow-up time was 62 (48-84) months. Thirty-two patients (94%) achieved good or excellent results by Lysholm knee rating. Twenty-six patients (76%) could return to moderate or strenuous activity after reconstruction. Twenty-eight patients (82%) had ligament laxity of less than 2 mm. Finally; 31 patients (91%) were assessed as normal or nearly normal rating by IKDC guideline. Twenty-five patients (73%) had less than 10 mm difference in thigh girth between their reconstructed and normal limbs. Thirty-two (94%) and 31 (91%) patients could achieve recovery of the extensor and flexor muscle strength in the reconstructed knee to 80% or more of normal knee strength, respectively. A statistically significant difference exists in thigh girth difference, extensor strength ratio, and flexor strength ratio before and after reconstruction. Tunnel expansion with more than 1 mm was identified in 2 (6%) tibial tunnels. Our study revealed satisfactory clinical subjective and objective results at 4-7 years follow-up. Quadriceps tendon autograft has the advantage of being self-available, relatively easier arthroscopic technique, and having a suitable size, making it an acceptable graft choice for ACL reconstruction. There is little quadriceps muscle strength loss after quadriceps harvest. A quadriceps tendon-patellar autograft is an adequate graft choice to ACL reconstruction.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 12/2006; 14(11):1077-85. DOI:10.1007/s00167-006-0111-0 · 3.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study prospectively evaluates the outcomes at a minimum 4-year follow-up after PCL reconstruction using quadruple hamstring tendon autograft with an arthroscopic double fixation technique. During 1996-1999, hamstring tendon autograft graft has been used in 57 patients. Data from 52 patients who had been followed up completely were analyzed. All patients suffered from a grade 3 or higher grade of posterior drawer test and posterior sag sign with MRI image confirmation. Twelve knees had combined posterior and posterolateral instability, which were simultaneously reconstructed. Clinical assessments included Lysholm knee score, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores, KT-1000 instrumented test, thigh muscle assessment, and radiographic evaluation. The mean Lysholm score was 54 (40-65) and 91 (65-100) points (P<0.01) before and after surgery. Thirty (58%) patients could return to moderate or strenuous activity. The evaluation of AP translation has been performed with KT-1000. The average posterior displacement measured with KT-1000 was 11.69+/-2.01 mm preoperatively and 3.45+/-2.04 mm postoperatively. Forty-two (81%) patients demonstrated ligament laxity of less than 5 mm. Forty-two (81%) patients were rated as normal or nearly normal based on IKDC scores. Forty-six (88%) patients achieved a minimum of 80% recovery of extensor strength and 44 (85%) patients achieved a minimum of 80% recovery of flexor strength. Statistically significant differences existed in thigh girth, extensor strength, and flexor strength before and after reconstruction. Arthroscopic reconstruction for PCL with four-strand hamstring tendon graft produced satisfactory results. The semitendinosus and gracilis tendon graft is adequate in graft size, technically easier to perform and more reproducible, and had a satisfactory result.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 12/2006; 14(11):1045-54. DOI:10.1007/s00167-006-0113-y · 3.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prospect for success in the efficacy of osteotomy for precollapse stage of femoral head osteonecrosis depends on the ability to predict reliably the stress changes derived from specific osteotomies. A three-dimensional finite-element analysis was thus designed to compute necrotic femoral head stress changes with different extent of necrocrosis that accompany anterior or posterior rotational osteotomies. Computed tomography images of a standard composite femur were used to create the three-dimensional finite-element intact femur model. Based on the intact model, 27 models simulating three different levels of necrotic region together with nine different rotational osteotomies were created. The von Mises stress distributions of each model were analyzed and compared for a loading condition simulating single-legged stance. (1) The stress reduction in anterior rotational osteotomy is more effective as compared to that of the posterior rotational osteotomy for various necrotic lesion sizes. (2) Von Mises stress on the necrotic zone decreased with increasing rotational angle. The decreasing rate was higher for the femoral head with a narrow lesion. (3) Femoral head with a wider necrotic lesion had a higher risk for developing collapse due to high local stress on the surface of necrotic region; whereas the necrotic region tended to expand in size instead of collapse for femoral head with a narrow lesion due to high local stress on the interface between necrotic region and healthy bone. Transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy is a technically demanding procedure and associated with high complication risks, a more scrupulous planning including the finite-element analysis should be considered before doing surgery in clinical subjects.
    Clinical Biomechanics 12/2006; 21(9):969-76. DOI:10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2006.05.005 · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sixty-two reducible trigger thumbs in 50 children with age from 0 to 4 years (mean, 1 year 11 months) were reviewed to study the effect of splinting. Thirty-one thumbs in 24 children received splinting for a mean of 11.7 weeks. The other 31 thumbs in 26 children were only observed. The results were categorized as cured, improved, or nonimproved. Follow-up was conducted after a mean of 20 months (age, 43 months). Result in the splinted group showed cured in 12 thumbs, improved in 10 thumbs, and nonimproved in 9 thumbs, whereas in the observed group, result showed 4, 3, and 24, respectively. Splinting results in 71% trigger thumbs cured or improved that is better than observation alone. The subsequent surgical release for the nonimproved trigger thumbs after splinting still had excellent results. Because surgical release for trigger thumb is not urgent, we suggest extension splinting to be a treatment option before the elective surgery.
    Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 11/2006; 26(6):785-7. DOI:10.1097/01.bpo.0000235396.57160.f1 · 1.47 Impact Factor
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    Pang-Hsin Hsieh · Yu-Han Chang · Chun-Hsiung Shih
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    ABSTRACT: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an effective but technically demanding surgical procedure. We evaluated the efficiency of computer-assisted navigation in PAO and compared it with the traditional approach. We performed a randomized study of 36 patients undergoing PAO using either the CT-based, computer-assisted navigation technique or the conventional approach. The operative details, radiographic results, and functional outcomes were compared between groups. Patients in the conventional surgery group required an average of 4.4 (2-7) images of intraoperative radiographs, whereas only 0.6 (0-1) images were required in the navigation group. The operation time was 21 min shorter with computer-assisted navigation. No significant difference with regard to operative blood loss, transfusion requirement, correction of deformity, and functional improvement was found. Complications such as intraarticular damage, osteonecrosis, or neurovascular injury were not encountered. A computer-assisted navigation system is a feasible tool to provide real-time image guidance and facilitate PAO. However, it offers little additional benefit when the surgery is done by an experienced surgeon.
    Acta Orthopaedica 09/2006; 77(4):591-7. DOI:10.1080/17453670610012656 · 2.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Preheating of the femoral stem in total hip arthroplasty improves the cement-prosthesis bond by decreasing the interfacial porosity. The main concern, however, is the potential thermal osteonecrosis because of an increased polymerization temperature. In this study, the effects of femoral canal precooling on the characteristics of the cement-stem interface were evaluated in an experimental model for three test conditions: precooling of the femoral canal, preheating of the stem (44 degrees C), and a control in which stems were inserted at room temperature without thermal manipulation of the implant, cement, or bone. Compared to the control group, precooling of the femoral canal and preheating of the stem had similar effects on the cement-stem interface, with greater interfacial shear strength and a reduced porosity. Femoral canal precooling also produced a lower temperature at the cement-bone interface. No difference was found in the ultimate compressive strength of bone cement for the three preparation conditions. Based on this laboratory model, precooling of the femoral canal could improve shear strength and porosity at the stem-cement interface, minimize thermal injury, and maintain the mechanical strength of the cement.
    Journal of Orthopaedic Research 09/2006; 24(9):1809-14. DOI:10.1002/jor.20242 · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    Pang-Hsin Hsieh · Yu-Han Chang · Shih-Hao Chen · Chun-Hsiung Shih
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    ABSTRACT: Deep hip infection is a rare complication of intertrochanteric fractures and an optimal treatment has not yet been reported. Twenty-seven patients who contracted deep hip sepsis following the failed primary treatment of an intertrochanteric fracture were treated with two-stage hip arthroplasty. Antibiotic-impregnated cement beads were implanted following resection arthroplasty in the first 15 patients, and a temporary cement spacer prosthesis was used in the other 12 hips. There was only one recurrence of infection at an average follow-up of 4.8 years. Complications included non-union of the greater trochanter in four patients, intraoperative femoral fracture in two and fracture of the cement prosthesis in one. The use of an interim spacer was associated with better hip function in the interim period; a decreased operative time and less blood loss at the time of arthroplasty; and a higher hip score at final follow-up. Staged arthroplasty is an effective salvage procedure for deep hip infection after the failed treatment of an intertrochanteric fracture. The use of a temporary spacer maintains hip function between stages, makes arthroplasty less complicated, and improves the clinical outcome.
    International Orthopaedics 09/2006; 30(4):228-32. DOI:10.1007/s00264-005-0059-6 · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the release of antibiotics in vivo, from an articulating polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) spacer used in two-stage revision arthroplasty of infected hip implants. Forty-six patients who underwent two-stage revision hip arthroplasty for infections were managed with an interim PMMA spacer loaded with a high dose of vancomycin and aztreonam. Serum and aliquots of drainage collected after the first-stage surgery, and joint fluid obtained at the time of the second-stage surgery were analyzed for antibiotic concentrations by high performance liquid chromatography and bioactivity by tube dilution bioassay. Following implantation, the highest levels of antibiotics were measured in aliquots of drainage on the first day (vancomycin: 1538.0 +/- 243.6 microg/mL; aztreonam: 1003.5 +/- 323.5 microg/mL), decreasing to 571.9 +/- 169.4 microg/mL for vancomycin and 313.6 +/- 88.3 microg/mL for aztreonam after 7 days. Antibiotic concentrations in serum were very low (vancomycin: 0.58 +/- 0.2 microg/mL, range: 0.1-1.6 microg/mL; aztreonam: 0.46 +/- 0.3 microg/mL, range: 0.1-0.9 microg/mL at 24 h) and there was no systemic adverse effect. At a mean 107 days after the first-stage surgery, the concentrations of antibiotics in joint fluid were well above the minimal inhibitory concentration of most common microorganisms. The released antibiotics were bioactive against the test organisms. Based on the observed results, we confirmed the safety and effectiveness of in vivo drug delivery from antibiotic-impregnated PMMA hip spacers.
    Journal of Orthopaedic Research 08/2006; 24(8):1615-21. DOI:10.1002/jor.20214 · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hip arthroscopy is recognized as a highly effective means of treating joint disorders. Complications in hip arthroscopy, including neurovascular traction injury, compression injury to the perineum and scope trauma, have been reported. We report our experience with 73 hip arthroscopy procedures and complications at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. Seventy-two patients with 73 hips with severe hip pain were enrolled in this prospective study. The average age of the patients was 42 years (range, 22-61 years). The average follow-up period was 16 months (range, 12-36 months). Surgical indications for hip arthroscopy were labral tears (54 cases, 73.9%); painful dysplastic hips (7 cases, 9.5%); osteoarthritis (5 cases, 6.8%); synovitis (3 cases, 4.1%); ligament teres tears (2 cases, 2.8%); chondromatosis (1 case, 1.4%); and avascular necrosis of the femoral head (1 case, 1.4%). With the patient in the supine position with the involved leg in traction, 2 or 3 portals (anterior, anterolateral or posterolateral) were made. Intraoperative and postoperative arthroscopic complications were recorded and prospectively analyzed. The average operative time was 67 minutes (range, 30-190 minutes) and the average traction time was 58 minutes (range, 30-150 minutes). During surgery, 12 of 73 (16.4%) patients had mild scope trauma to the femoral head, which did not affect their excellent outcomes. Five (7%) patients had transient sciatic nerve neuropraxia and achieved complete recovery within 2 weeks after surgery. No major complications of hip arthroscopy were noted in this series. The most frequent complication was mild scope trauma to the femoral head. With experience in the technique and good hip arthroscopic instrumentation, hip arthroscopy complications can be minimized. We suggest that hip arthroscopy is a safe technique, providing an additional valuable tool for hip surgery.
    Chang Gung medical journal 01/2006; 29(1):86-92.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the sensitivity and accuracy of magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) with true sagittal scout image mapped radial reformation in localizing hip labral tears. Case series. Thirty patients were examined with hip MRA because of suspected labral tears. Every patient underwent normal hip arthrography and MR examinations using a 1.5-T scanner with a 3D-FLASH pulse sequence. Multiplanar reformation using double oblique technique produced radial reformatted rotation images with 10 degrees increment on the acetabular rim. Labral tears were annotated as anterior-superior (AS), anterior-inferior (AI), posterior-superior (PS), and posterior-inferior (PI) quadrant based on the cranial-caudal axis in true sagittal reformatted scout localizing image. Patients with positive MRA findings were counseled to have the arthroscopic hip procedure. Five patients showed no MRA indication of labral tear. Of 25 patients who had MRA evidence of labral tear, 17 underwent arthroscopic hip surgery. One patient had only synovial process in the hip joint near the suspected MRA area. The remaining 16 operated patients had labral tears with a total of 21 quadrant lesions on arthroscopy (distributed as AS, 14; AI, 3; PS, 2; and PI, 2). Radial reformatted images revealed accurate mapping with arthroscopic findings in 21 of the 22 quadrant lesions. The sensitivity and accuracy of MRA for the diagnosis of hip labral tear were 100% and 94%, respectively, and the sensitivity and accuracy of radial reformatted MRA for mapping the tear location were 100% and 96%, respectively. MRA using radial reformatted images with a true sagittal localizer may achieve superior success rates in diagnosing hip labral lesions and in guiding the arthroscopist in portal selection, thus rendering location of hip labral tears simpler in surgery. It supplied detailed preoperative information to the surgeon, avoiding unnecessary surgery for patients if the diagnosis was unconfirmed. Level III.
    Arthroscopy The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery 11/2005; 21(10):1250. DOI:10.1016/j.arthro.2005.07.007 · 3.21 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

875 Citations
122.87 Total Impact Points


  • 1991–2012
    • Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
      • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
      Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2002–2011
    • Chung Shan Hospital
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2004–2006
    • Chang Gung University
      • College of Medicine
      Hsin-chu-hsien, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2005
    • Chung Yuan Christian University
      • Department of Biomedical Engineering
      Taichung, Taiwan, Taiwan