P Rieckmann

Neurologische Klinik Westend, Бад Вилдунген, Hesse, Germany

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Publications (284)1343.17 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: For decades, the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) has been the principal measure of disability in clinical trials in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and in clinical practice. However, this test is dominated by effects on ambulation. Composite endpoints may provide a more sensitive measure of MS-related disability through the measurement of additional neurological functions. The MS Functional Composite (MSFC) includes a walking test (25-ft walk) plus tests of upper extremity dexterity (9-hole peg test) and cognitive function (Paced Auditory serial Addition test [PASAT]). Replacing PASAT with the Symbol Digit Modality test, a more sensitive test preferred by patients, may improve the clinical utility of the MSFC. In addition, disease-specific measures of QoL may be used alongside the MSFC (which does not include measurement of QoL). Clinical data suggest that disease-modifying therapies may delay or prevent relapse, and better composite measures will be valuable in the assessment of disease activity-free status in people with MS. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders 03/2015; 4(3). DOI:10.1016/j.msard.2015.03.004
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    ABSTRACT: While advances in medicine, technology and healthcare services offer promises of longevity and improved quality of life (QoL), there is also increasing reliance on a patient׳s skills and motivation to optimize all the benefits available. Patient engagement in their own healthcare has been described as the 'blockbuster drug of the century'. In multiple sclerosis (MS), patient engagement is vital if outcomes for the patient, society and healthcare systems are to be optimized. The MS in the 21st Century Steering Group devised a set of themes that require action with regard to patient engagement in MS, namely: 1) setting and facilitating engagement by education and confidence-building; 2) increasing the importance placed on QoL and patient concerns through patient-reported outcomes (PROs); 3) providing credible sources of accurate information; 4) encouraging treatment adherence through engagement; and 5) empowering through a sense of responsibility. Group members independently researched and contributed examples of patient engagement strategies from several countries and examined interventions that have worked well in areas of patient engagement in MS, and other chronic illnesses. The group presents their perspective on these programs, discusses the barriers to achieving patient engagement, and suggests practical strategies for overcoming these barriers. With an understanding of the issues that influence patient engagement in MS, we can start to investigate ways to enhance engagement and subsequent health outcomes. Engaging patients involves a broad, multidisciplinary approach. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders 03/2015; 4(3). DOI:10.1016/j.msard.2015.02.005
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    ABSTRACT: The 36-week ATON study compared the efficacy and safety of atacicept with matching placebo in 34 patients with unilateral optic neuritis as a clinically isolated syndrome. Atacicept (150mg) was administered twice weekly for 4weeks (loading period), then once weekly for 32weeks. The ATON study was terminated prematurely by the sponsor when an independent Data and Safety Monitoring Board review observed increased multiple sclerosis (MS)-related disease activity in the atacicept arms of the concurrent ATAcicept in MS (ATAMS) study. Analysis of the prematurely terminated ATON study showed that the mean (standard deviation) change from baseline in retinal nerve fiber layer thickness at last observed value in the affected eye was -8.6 (10.1) μm in patients treated with atacicept (n=15) compared with -17.3 (15.2) μm in patients treated with placebo (n=16). In the atacicept treatment group, a higher proportion of patients converted to clinically definite MS during the double-blind period compared with placebo (35.3% [6/17] vs 17.6% [3/17]). Treatment-emergent adverse events were similar across both treatment groups in the double-blind period. A dichotomy emerged with more atacicept-treated patients converting to relapsing-remitting MS compared with placebo-treated patients, despite the same patients experiencing less axonal loss after an optic neuritis event. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Journal of the Neurological Sciences 02/2015; 351(1-2). DOI:10.1016/j.jns.2015.02.019 · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, the impact of genetic variants affecting MMP9 on MS susceptibility is still in debate.
    Journal of Neuroimmunology 01/2015; 279. DOI:10.1016/j.jneuroim.2015.01.008 · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the adaptive dose-ranging, 6- or 3-month BOLD study in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, once-daily siponimod (BAF312) showed dose-dependent reduction of combined unique active lesion number and annualized relapse rate (ARR); near-maximal effects were observed at 2mg. Here, we report the efficacy findings of first 12 months of the extension (representing >18 or 15 months of total treatment). Patients either continued on siponimod doses assigned in the core phase or were re-randomized from placebo to siponimod 10, 2, 1.25, 0.5 and 0.25mg: 33, 29, 43, 29 and 50 patients comprised each dose group, respectively. Patients had >7 days (washout time) study drug interruption between core and extension phases to enable siponimod dose titration from 0.25mg over the first 10 days. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed at extension baseline, month 6 and month 12. 263/297 (88.6%) patients completed the core study; 184 of these (62.0%) entered the extension. The following data pertain to patients taking 10, 2, 1.25, 0.5 and 0.25mg, respectively. 27, 25, 37, 24 and 37 patients had a 12-month MRI, and mean gadolinium-enhancing lesion numbers at extension month 12 were: 0.1, 0.5, 0.1, 0.6, 0.8 (compared with 1.7, 1.4, 1.8, 3.1, 1.3 at core study baseline, and 1.7 in placebo at month 6). Mean numbers of new/enlarged T2 lesions at extension month 12 were 0.4, 0.6, 0.2, 1.7 and 1.7, and ARRs were 0.27 (95% confidence interval, 0.14-0.52), 0.18 (0.08-0.42), 0.13 (0.06-0.28), 0.34 (0.18-0.64) and 0.33 (0.20-0.54). No new safety issues were observed. Over the 12-month extension, MRI-assessed inflammatory lesion activity and ARRs remained low, particularly in the 1.25, 2 and 10mg treatment groups, with no new safety concerns. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    11/2014; 3(6):754-5. DOI:10.1016/j.msard.2014.09.190
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    ABSTRACT: Recent large-scale association studies have identified over 100 MS risk loci. One of these MS risk variants is single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs17066096, located ~14 kb downstream of IL22RA2. IL22RA2 represents a compelling MS candidate gene due to the role of IL-22 in autoimmunity; however, rs17066096 does not map into any known functional element. We assessed whether rs17066096 or a nearby proxy SNP may exert pathogenic effects by affecting microRNA-to-mRNA binding and thus IL22RA2 expression using comprehensive in silico predictions, in vitro reporter assays, and genotyping experiments in 6,722 individuals. In silico screening identified two predicted microRNA binding sites in the 3'UTR of IL22RA2 (for hsa-miR-2278 and hsa-miR-411-5p) encompassing a SNP (rs28366) in moderate linkage disequilibrium with rs17066096 (r (2) = 0.4). The binding of both microRNAs to the IL22RA2 3'UTR was confirmed in vitro, but their binding affinities were not significantly affected by rs28366. Association analyses revealed significant association of rs17066096 and MS risk in our independent German dataset (odds ratio = 1.15, P = 3.48 × 10(-4)), but did not indicate rs28366 to be the cause of this signal. While our study provides independent validation of the association between rs17066096 and MS risk, this signal does not appear to be caused by sequence variants affecting microRNA function.
    Neurogenetics 03/2014; 15(2). DOI:10.1007/s10048-014-0396-y · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) is now considered to be medium-to-high in the Middle East and is rising, particularly among women. While the characteristics of the disease and the response of patients to disease-modifying therapies are generally comparable between the Middle East and other areas, significant barriers to achieving optimal care for MS exist in these developing nations. A group of physicians involved in the management of MS in ten Middle Eastern countries met to consider the future of MS care in the region, using a structured process to reach a consensus. Six key priorities were identified: early diagnosis and management of MS, the provision of multidisciplinary MS centres, patient engagement and better communication with stakeholders, regulatory body education and reimbursement, a commitment to research, and more therapy options with better benefit-to-risk ratios. The experts distilled these priorities into a single vision statement: "Optimization of patient-centred multidisciplinary strategies to improve the quality of life of people with MS." These core principles will contribute to the development of a broader consensus on the future of care for MS in the Middle East.
    01/2014; 2013:952321. DOI:10.1155/2013/952321
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    ABSTRACT: Late-onset myasthenia gravis (LOMG) has become the largest MG subgroup, but the underlying pathogenetic mechanisms remain mysterious. Among the few etiological clues are the almost unique serologic parallels between LOMG and thymoma-associated MG (TAMG), notably autoantibodies against acetylcholine receptors, titin, ryanodine receptor, type I interferons or IL-12. This is why we checked LOMG patients for two further peculiar features of TAMG - its associations with the CTLA4(high/gain-of-function) +49A/A genotype and with increased thymic export of naïve T cells into the blood, possibly after defective negative selection in AIRE-deficient thymomas. We analyzed genomic DNA from 116 Caucasian LOMG patients for CTLA4 alleles by PCR/restriction fragment length polymorphism, and blood mononuclear cells for recent thymic emigrants by quantitative PCR for T cell receptor excision circles. In sharp contrast with TAMG, we now find that: i) CTLA4(low) +49G(+) genotypes were more frequent (p = 0.0029) among the 69 LOMG patients with age at onset ≥60 years compared with 172 healthy controls; ii) thymic export of naïve T cells from the non-neoplastic thymuses of 36 LOMG patients was lower (p = 0.0058) at diagnosis than in 77 age-matched controls. These new findings are important because they suggest distinct initiating mechanisms in TAMG and LOMG and hint at aberrant immuno-regulation in the periphery in LOMG. We therefore propose alternate defects in central thymic or peripheral tolerance induction in TAMG and LOMG converging on similar final outcomes. In addition, our data support a 60-year-threshold for onset of 'true LOMG' and an LOMG/early-onset MG overlapping group of patients between 40 and 60.
    Journal of Autoimmunity 12/2013; 52. DOI:10.1016/j.jaut.2013.12.006 · 7.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A recent genome-wide association study reported five loci for which there was strong, but sub-genome-wide significant evidence for association with multiple sclerosis risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of these potential risk loci in a large and independent data set of ∼20 000 subjects. We tested five single nucleotide polymorphisms rs228614 (MANBA), rs630923 (CXCR5), rs2744148 (SOX8), rs180515 (RPS6KB1), and rs6062314 (ZBTB46) for association with multiple sclerosis risk in a total of 8499 cases with multiple sclerosis, 8765 unrelated control subjects and 958 trios of European descent. In addition, we assessed the overall evidence for association by combining these newly generated data with the results from the original genome-wide association study by meta-analysis. All five tested single nucleotide polymorphisms showed consistent and statistically significant evidence for association with multiple sclerosis in our validation data sets (rs228614: odds ratio = 0.91, P = 2.4 × 10(-6); rs630923: odds ratio = 0.89, P = 1.2 × 10(-4); rs2744148: odds ratio = 1.14, P = 1.8 × 10(-6); rs180515: odds ratio = 1.12, P = 5.2 × 10(-7); rs6062314: odds ratio = 0.90, P = 4.3 × 10(-3)). Combining our data with results from the previous genome-wide association study by meta-analysis, the evidence for association was strengthened further, surpassing the threshold for genome-wide significance (P < 5 × 10(-8)) in each case. Our study provides compelling evidence that these five loci are genuine multiple sclerosis susceptibility loci. These results may eventually lead to a better understanding of the underlying disease pathophysiology.
    Brain 06/2013; 136(6):1778-82. DOI:10.1093/brain/awt101 · 10.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Siponimod is an oral selective modulator of sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor types 1 and type 5, with an elimination half-life leading to washout in 7 days. We aimed to determine the dose-response relation of siponimod in terms of its effects on brain MRI lesion activity and characterise safety and tolerability in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. METHODS: In this double-blind, adaptive dose-ranging phase 2 study, we enrolled adults (aged 18-55 years) with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis at 73 medical centres in Europe and North America. We tested two patient cohorts sequentially, separated by an interim analysis at 3 months. We randomly allocated patients in cohort 1 (1:1:1:1) to receive once-daily siponimod 10 mg, 2 mg, or 0·5 mg, or placebo for 6 months. We randomly allocated patients in cohort 2 (4:4:1) to siponimod 1·25 mg, siponimod 0·25 mg, or placebo once-daily for 3 months. Randomisation was done with a central, automated system and patients and investigators were masked to treatment assignment. The primary endpoint was dose-response, assessed by percentage reduction in monthly number of combined unique active lesions at 3 months for siponimod versus placebo; this endpoint was analysed by a multiple comparison procedure with modelling techniques in all patients with at least one MRI scan up to 3 months. We assessed safety in all patients who received at least one dose of study drug. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00879658. FINDINGS: Between March 30, 2009, and Oct 22, 2010, we recruited 188 patients into cohort 1 and 109 patients into cohort 2. We showed a dose-response relation (p=0·0001) across the five doses of siponimod, with reductions in combined unique active lesions at 3 months compared with placebo of 35% (95% CI 17-57) for siponimod 0·25 mg (51 patients included in the primary endpoint analysis), 50% (29-69) for siponimod 0·5 mg (43 patients), 66% (48-80) for siponimod 1·25 mg (42 patients), 72% (57-84) for siponimod 2 mg (45 patients), and 82% (70-90) for siponimod 10 mg (44 patients). In patients treated for 6 months, 37 (86%) of 43 patients who received siponimod 0·5 mg had adverse events (eight serious), as did 48 (98%) of 49 patients who received siponimod 2 mg (four serious), 48 (96%) of 50 patients who received siponimod 10 mg (three serious), and 36 (80%) of 45 controls (none serious). For individuals treated to 3 months, 38 (74%) of 51 patients who received siponimod 0·25 mg had adverse events (none serious), as did 29 (69%) of 42 patients who received siponimod 1·25 mg (two serious) and 13 (81%) of 16 controls (none serious). INTERPRETATION: Therapeutic effects of siponimod on MRI lesion activity in model-based analyses and its tolerability in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis warrant investigation in a phase 3 trial. FUNDING: Novartis Pharma AG.
    The Lancet Neurology 06/2013; 12(8). DOI:10.1016/S1474-4422(13)70102-9 · 21.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To assess the efficacy and safety of glatiramer acetate (GA) 40mg administered 3× weekly (tiw) compared with placebo in patients with relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Methods This randomized, double-blind study was conducted in 142 sites in 17 countries. Patients with RRMS with at least 1 documented relapse in the 12 months before screening, or at least 2 documented relapses in the 24 months before screening, and an Expanded Disability Status Scale score ≤ 5.5, were randomized 2:1 to receive either subcutaneous (sc) GA 40mg tiw (1ml) or placebo for 12 months. ResultsOf 1,524 patients screened, 1,404 were randomized to receive GA 40mg sc tiw (n = 943) or placebo (n = 461). Ninety-three percent and 91% of patients in the placebo and GA groups, respectively, completed the 12-month study. GA 40mg tiw was associated with a 34.0% reduction in risk of confirmed relapses compared with placebo (mean annualized relapse rate = 0.331 vs 0.505; p < 0.0001). Patients who received GA 40mg tiw experienced highly significant reduction (p < 0.0001) in the cumulative number of gadolinium-enhancing T1 (44.8%) and new or newly enlarging T2 lesions (34.7%) at months 6 and 12. GA 40mg tiw was safe and well tolerated. The most common adverse events in the GA group were injection site reactions (35.5% with GA vs 5.0% with placebo). InterpretationGA 40mg sc tiw is a safe and effective regimen for the treatment of RRMS, providing the convenience of fewer sc injections per week. ANN NEUROL 2013;73:705–713
    Annals of Neurology 06/2013; 73(6). DOI:10.1002/ana.23938 · 11.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The epidemiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) is rapidly changing in many parts of the world. Based on the Kurtzke classification, the Arabian Gulf Region is located in a low-risk zone for MS; however, recent studies suggest a moderate-to-high prevalence nearby (31-55 MS per 10,0000 individuals), with an increase in incidence in recent years. The relapsing-remitting disease course ratio is 2.5:1 versus the primary progressive type. In a geographic area that was previously associated with low prevalence; the recent high prevalence and fast rising incidence of MS in the gulf countries, encouraged the neurologists of this region to meet in a consensus panel, in order to share our latest findings in terms of MS epidemiology and consent on MS management in the Arabian Gulf. Therefore 20 key opinion leader neurologists and MS experts representing various countries of the Arabian Gulf have met in Dubai on the 2 and 3 February 2012, they shared their latest epidemiological findings, discussed recent MS aspects in the region, and consented on MS management relevantly to this geographic area.
    Journal of Neurology 03/2013; 260(12). DOI:10.1007/s00415-013-6876-4 · 3.84 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Medical Genetics 01/2013; 50(3). DOI:10.1136/jmedgenet-2012-101411 · 5.64 Impact Factor
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    N. Schuurman · O. Amram · J. Saeedi · P. Rieckmann · I. Yee · H. Tremlett
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    ABSTRACT: The cause of multiple sclerosis (MS) is unknown; multiple risk factors have been implicated, including environmental exposures, such as sunlight. Many studies have relied on latitude alone as a crude proxy for sunlight exposure. We aimed to develop a protocol allowing a more detailed estimate of cumulative ambient ultra-violet B (UVB) exposure at critical time-periods over a patient's life-course. 4010 definite MS patients with a 'movement history' from birth to the study end (2005) were selected from the University of British Columbia, Canada's MS Genetic database. Patient's place of resident from birth were tracked, each place being geocoded (latitude and longitude) and assigned a UVB value using the NASA Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) dataset. Combined, these data allowed an estimated UVB value for each patient based on year and location. Using this protocol, we provide a potentially more detailed cumulative UVB exposure for critical periods in a patients' life history based on their individual spatial migration through time. This protocol is intended to provide a framework for researchers to more accurately estimate UVB exposures for individuals over the course of their life history and may be useful for understanding etiology of MS and other chronic disease. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders 01/2013; 2(1-1):29-35. DOI:10.1016/j.msard.2012.07.003
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    ABSTRACT: We herein provide a comprehensive assessment of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) outcomes from CLARITY, a 96-week, double-blind study demonstrating significant clinical and MRI improvements in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) treated with cladribine tablets. Patients with RRMS were randomized 1:1:1 to annual short-course therapy with cladribine tablets cumulative dose 3.5 or 5.25 mg/kg or placebo. MRI endpoints included mean number of T1 gadolinium-enhancing (Gd+), active T2 and combined unique (CU) lesions/patient/scan. MRI-measured disease activity was significantly reduced in both cladribine tablets groups versus placebo. The proportion of patients with no active lesions at study end was: T1 Gd+ lesions: 86.8 and 91.0 versus 48.3 % (p < 0.001); active T2 lesions: 61.7 and 62.5 versus 28.4 % (p < 0.001); CU lesions: 59.6 and 60.7 versus 26.1 % (p < 0.001). Clinically meaningful and significant reductions in active lesion counts and increases in proportions of active lesion-free patients were achieved consistently in cladribine tablet groups when data were stratified by baseline disease characteristics. For example, the percentage of patients who remained lesion-free over the study was significantly greater in cladribine tablet groups than in the placebo group for all lesion types regardless of relapse category at baseline (p < 0.001 for all analyses of patients with ≤1 or 2 relapses; p ≤ 0.022 for analyses of patients with ≥3 relapses). MRI-measured disease activity was greatly reduced by both doses of cladribine tablets, with consistent effect across clinically relevant patient populations. These findings add to our scientific understanding of the neurological impact of this therapeutic modality in patients with RRMS.
    Journal of Neurology 12/2012; 260(4). DOI:10.1007/s00415-012-6775-0 · 3.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The placebo-controlled phase of the PreCISe study showed that glatiramer acetate delayed onset of clinically definite multiple sclerosis (CDMS) in patients with clinically isolated syndrome and brain lesions on MRI. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of early versus delayed glatiramer acetate treatment in the open-label phase of PreCISe. METHODS: Patients with a clinically isolated syndrome suggestive of MS with unifocal manifestation and ≥2 T2-weighted brain lesions were randomized to receive glatiramer acetate 20 mg/d (early-treatment, n=198) or placebo (delayed-treatment, n=211) for 36 months or until conversion to CDMS, followed by open-label glatiramer acetate treatment for two years. RESULTS: Early glatiramer acetate treatment reduced CDMS conversion risk by 41% (hazard ratio 0.59, 95% confidence interval 0.44-0.80; p=0.0005) versus delayed-treatment, and was associated with a 972-day delay (185%) in conversion to CDMS, less brain atrophy (-28%, p=0.0209), fewer new T2 lesions/year (-42%, <0.0001) and lower T2 lesion volume (-22%, p=0.0005) versus delayed treatment. Adverse events were consistent with the established safety profile of glatiramer acetate. CONCLUSIONS: Effects of early glatiramer acetate treatment on the rate of conversion to CDMS and on MRI measures of disease activity and lesion burden support initiating glatiramer acetate treatment soon after the first clinical symptoms suggestive of MS and continuing treatment to sustain benefits.
    Multiple Sclerosis 12/2012; 19(8). DOI:10.1177/1352458512469695 · 4.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Compensation of brain injury in multiple sclerosis (MS) may in part work through mechanisms involving neuronal plasticity on local and interregional scales. Mechanisms limiting excessive neuronal activity may have special significance for retention and (re-)acquisition of lost motor skills in brain injury. However, previous neurophysiological studies of plasticity in MS have investigated only excitability enhancing plasticity and results from neuroimaging are ambiguous. Thus, the aim of this study was to probe long-term depression-like central motor plasticity utilizing continuous theta-burst stimulation (cTBS), a non-invasive brain stimulation protocol. Because cTBS also may trigger behavioral effects through local interference with neuronal circuits, this approach also permitted investigating the functional role of the primary motor cortex (M1) in force control in patients with MS. Methods We used cTBS and force recordings to examine long-term depression-like central motor plasticity and behavioral consequences of a M1 lesion in 14 patients with stable mild-to-moderate MS (median EDSS 1.5, range 0 to 3.5) and 14 age-matched healthy controls. cTBS consisted of bursts (50 Hz) of three subthreshold biphasic magnetic stimuli repeated at 5 Hz for 40 s over the hand area of the left M1. Corticospinal excitability was probed via motor-evoked potentials (MEP) in the abductor pollicis brevis muscle over M1 before and after cTBS. Force production performance was assessed in an isometric right thumb abduction task by recording the number of hits into a predefined force window. Results cTBS reduced MEP amplitudes in the contralateral abductor pollicis brevis muscle to a comparable extent in control subjects (69 ± 22% of baseline amplitude, p < 0.001) and in MS patients (69 ± 18%, p < 0.001). In contrast, post-cTBS force production performance was only impaired in controls (2.2 ± 2.8, p = 0.011), but not in MS patients (2.0 ± 4.4, p = 0.108). The decline in force production performance following cTBS correlated with corticomuscular latencies (CML) in MS patients, but did not correlate with MEP amplitude reduction in patients or controls. Conclusions Long-term depression-like plasticity remains largely intact in mild-to-moderate MS. Increasing brain injury may render the neuronal networks less responsive toward lesion-induction by cTBS.
    BMC Neurology 09/2012; 12(1):92. DOI:10.1186/1471-2377-12-92 · 2.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The "MS in the 21st Century" initiative was established with the purpose of (1) defining how multiple sclerosis (MS) treatment and standards of care should look in the 21st century; (2) developing a minimum standard of care across the world; and (3) motivating the broad MS community to align standards of care and challenge the current treatment paradigm. The aim was to develop a consensus statement to reach and influence the broader MS community. An expert steering group from Europe and Canada-consisting of neurologists, patient advocates, a pharmacoepidemiologist/pharmacoeconomist, and representatives from national MS centers-participated in a series of workshop-driven meetings between February 2011 and 2012. After three phases of discussions, the steering group identified that the overall vision for future care of MS should be full access to personalized treatment, with reimbursement, to achieve freedom from disease. They constructed seven overall principles that support this vision: personalized care, patient engagement, commitment to research, regulatory body education and reimbursement issues, new endpoints in clinical trials, more therapy options, and MS centers of excellence. This consensus statement outlines the key aspects of the seven principles that need to be addressed. The "MS in the 21st Century Steering Group" hopes that this consensus statement acts as a call to action for healthcare providers and decision-makers to address simultaneously the overarching principles that will guide patient management in order to improve outcomes for people with MS.
    Journal of Neurology 08/2012; 260(2). DOI:10.1007/s00415-012-6656-6 · 3.84 Impact Factor
  • Neurology 04/2012; 78(Meeting Abstracts 1):S30.001-S30.001. DOI:10.1212/WNL.78.1_MeetingAbstracts.S30.001 · 8.30 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

8k Citations
1,343.17 Total Impact Points


  • 2014–2015
    • Neurologische Klinik Westend
      Бад Вилдунген, Hesse, Germany
  • 2011–2015
    • Sozialstiftung Bamberg/Klinikum Bamberg
      Bamberg, Bavaria, Germany
  • 1996–2014
    • University of Wuerzburg
      • Department of Neurology
      Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2011–2013
    • Universitätsklinikum Erlangen
      • Department of Neurology
      Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2010–2013
    • Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg
      Bamberg, Bavaria, Germany
    • Vancouver Coastal Health
      Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  • 2007–2012
    • University of British Columbia - Vancouver
      • • Division of Neurology
      • • Department of Medicine
      Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    • St. Josef-Hospital
      Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2006
    • Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich
      • Department of Neurosurgery
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 1990–2006
    • National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
      • Laboratory of Immunoregulation
      Maryland, United States
  • 1999
    • Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz
      Gratz, Styria, Austria
    • Cyprus Institute of Neurology and Genetics
      Lefkoşa, Lefkosia, Cyprus
  • 1994–1999
    • Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
      • Division of Agroecology
      Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • 1995
    • Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf
      • Brain Research Institute
      Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany