Jeong Ho Seok

Chungnam National University, Daiden, Daejeon, South Korea

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Publications (43)129.38 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated whether natural products including coixol derived from Coix Lachryma-Jobi var. ma-yuen affect MUC5AC mucin gene expression, production and secretion from airway epithelial cells. Confluent NCI-H292 cells were pretreated with oleic acid, linoleic acid, glyceryl trilinoleate, beta-stigmasterol or coixol for 30 min and then stimulated with PMA (phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate), EGF (epidermal growth factor) or TNF-α (tumor necrosis factor-α) for 24 h. The MUC5AC mucin gene expression, mucin protein production and secretion were measured by RT-PCR and ELISA. The results were as follows: (1) Oleic acid, linoleic acid, glyceryl trilinoleate, beta-stigmasterol and coixol inhibited the expression of MUC5AC mucin gene induced by PMA from NCI-H292 cells; (2) Oleic acid, linoleic acid, glyceryl trilinoleate, beta-stigmasterol and coixol also inhibited the production of MUC5AC mucin protein induced by the same inducers from NCI-H292 cells; (3) Coixol inhibited the expression of MUC5AC mucin gene and production of MUC5AC mucin protein, induced by EGF or TNF-α from NCI-H292 cells; (4) Coixol decreased PMA-induced MUC5AC mucin secretion from NCI-H292 cells. This result suggests that coixol, the characteristic component among the examined five natural products derived from C. Lachryma-Jobi var. ma-yuen, can regulate gene expression, production and secretion of mucin, by directly acting on airway epithelial cells.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 04/2014; · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ligation of interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) or tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) induces the recruitment of adaptor proteins and their concomitant ubiquitination to the proximal receptor signaling complex, respectively. Such are upstream signaling events of IKK that play essential roles in NF-κB activation. Thus, the discovery of a substance that would modulate the recruitment of key proximal signaling elements at the upstream level of IKK has been impending in this field of study. Here, we propose that brazilin, an active compound of Caesalpinia sappan L. (Leguminosae), is a potent NF-κB inhibitor that selectively disrupts the formation of the upstream IL-1R signaling complex. Analysis of upstream signaling events revealed that brazilin markedly abolished the IL-1β-induced polyubiquitination of IRAK1 and its interaction with IKK-γ counterpart. Notably, pretreatment of brazilin drastically interfered the recruitment of the receptor-proximal signaling components including IRAK1/4 and TRAF6 onto MyD88 in IL-1R-triggerd NF-κB activation. Interestingly, brazilin did not affect the TNF-induced RIP1 ubiquitination and the recruitment of RIP1 and TRAF2 to TNFR1, suggesting that brazilin is effective in selectively suppressing the proximal signaling complex formation of IL-1R, but not that of TNFR1. Moreover, our findings suggest that such a disruption of IL-1R-proximal complex formation by brazilin is not mediated by affecting the heterodimerization of IL-1R and IL-1RAcP. Taken together, the results suggest that the anti-IKK activity of brazilin is induced by targeting IKK upstream signaling components and subsequently disrupting proximal IL-1 receptor signaling complex formation.
    Biochemical Pharmacology 04/2014; · 4.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ligation of interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) or tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) induces the recruitment of adaptor proteins and their concomitant ubiquitination to the proximal receptor signaling complex, respectively. Such are upstream signaling events of IKK that play essential roles in NF-κB activation. Thus, the discovery of a substance that would modulate the recruitment of key proximal signaling elements at the upstream level of IKK has been impending in this field of study. Here, we propose that brazilin, an active compound of Caesalpinia sappan L. (Leguminosae), is a potent NF-κB inhibitor that selectively disrupts the formation of the upstream IL-1R signaling complex. Analysis of upstream signaling events revealed that brazilin markedly abolished the IL-1β-induced polyubiquitination of IRAK1 and its interaction with IKK-γ counterpart. Notably, pretreatment of brazilin drastically interfered the recruitment of the receptor-proximal signaling components including IRAK1/4 and TRAF6 onto MyD88 in IL-1R-triggerd NF-κB activation. Interestingly, brazilin did not affect the TNF-induced RIP1 ubiquitination and the recruitment of RIP1 and TRAF2 to TNFR1, suggesting that brazilin is effective in selectively suppressing the proximal signaling complex formation of IL-1R, but not that of TNFR1. Moreover, our findings suggest that such a disruption of IL-1R-proximal complex formation by brazilin is not mediated by affecting the heterodimerization of IL-1R and IL-1RAcP. Taken together, the results suggest that the anti-IKK activity of brazilin is induced by targeting IKK upstream signaling components and subsequently disrupting proximal IL-1 receptor signaling complex formation.
    Biochemical pharmacology 04/2014; · 4.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated whether wogonin and apigenin significantly affect the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling pathway involved in MUC5AC mucin gene expression, and production from cultured airway epithelial cells; this was based on our previous report that apigenin and wogonin suppressed MUC5AC mucin gene expression and production from human airway epithelial cells. Confluent NCI-H292 cells were pretreated with wogonin or apigenin for 15 minutes or 24 hours and then stimulated with epidermal growth factor (EGF) for 24 hours or the indicated periods. We found that incubation of NCI-H292 cells with wogonin or apigenin inhibited the phosphorylation of EGFR. The downstream signals of EGFR such as phosphorylation of MEK1/2 and ERK1/2 were also inhibited by wogonin or apigenin. The results suggest that wogonin and apigenin inhibits EGFR signaling pathway, which may explain how they inhibit MUC5AC mucin gene expression and production induced by EGF.
    Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 03/2014; 76(3):120-6.
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated whether aqueous extract of the root of Platycodon grandiflorum A. de Candolle (APG), platycodinD3 and deapi-platycodin significantly affect the production and secretion of airway mucin using in vivo and in vitro experimental models. Effect of APG was checked on hypersecretion of pulmonary mucin in sulfur dioxide-induced bronchitis in rats. Confluent NCI-H292 cells were pretreated with platycodinD3 or deapi-platycodin for 30min and then stimulated with PMA (phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate) for 24h. The MUC5AC mucin production and secretion were measured by ELISA. The results were as follows: (1) APG stimulated the secretion of airway mucin in sulfur dioxide-induced bronchitis rat model; (2) platycodinD3 and deapi-platycodin inhibited the production of MUC5AC mucin induced by PMA from NCI-H292 cells, respectively; (3) however, platycodinD3 and deapi-platycodin did not inhibit but stimulated the secretion of MUC5AC mucin induced by PMA from NCI-H292 cells, respectively. This result suggests that aqueous extract of P. grandiflorum A. de Candolle and the two natural products derived from it, platycodinD3 and deapi-platycodin, can regulate the production and secretion of airway mucin and, at least in part, explains the traditional use of aqueous extract of P. grandiflorum A. de Candolle as expectorants in diverse inflammatory pulmonary diseases.
    Phytomedicine: international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology 11/2013; · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated whether prunetin significantly affects tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-induced MUC5AC mucin gene expression, production, inhibitory kappa B (IκB) degradation and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65 translocation in human airway epithelial cells. Confluent NCI-H292 cells were pretreated with prunetin for 30 minutes and then stimulated with TNF-α for 24 hours or the indicated periods. MUC5AC mucin gene expression and mucin protein production were measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. The effect of prunetin on TNF-α-induced degradation of IκB and translocation of NF-κB p65 was investigated by western blot analysis. We found that incubation of NCI-H292 cells with prunetin significantly inhibited mucin production and down-regulated the MUC5AC gene expression induced by TNF-α. Prunetin inhibited TNF-α-induced degradation of IκB and translocation of NF-κB p65. This result suggests that prunetin inhibits the NF-κB signaling pathway, which may explain its role in the inhibition of MUC5AC mucin gene expression and production regulated by the NF-κB signaling pathway.
    Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 11/2013; 75(5):205-209.
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we investigated whether aqueous extract of Liriope Tuber, ophiopogonin D and spicatoside A derived from Liriope Tuber affect basal or phorbol ester (phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, PMA)-induced airway mucin production and secretion from airway epithelial cells. Confluent NCI-H292 cells were treated with each agent for 24h (basal production) or pretreated with each agent for 30min and then stimulated with PMA for 24h (PMA-induced production and secretion), respectively. MUC5AC airway mucin production and secretion were measured by ELISA. The results were as follows: (1) aqueous extract of Liriope Tuber stimulated basal mucin production and did not inhibit but increased PMA-induced mucin production; (2) ophiopogonin D and spicatoside A stimulated basal mucin production and did not inhibit but increased PMA-induced mucin production; (3) two compounds increased PMA-induced mucin secretion. These results suggest that ophiopogonin D and spicatoside A can increase mucin production and secretion, by directly acting on airway epithelial cells and, at least in part, explain the traditional use of aqueous extract of Liriope Tuber as expectorants in diverse inflammatory pulmonary diseases.
    Phytomedicine: international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology 09/2013; · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated whether wogonin significantly affects MUC5AC mucin gene expression and production in human airway epithelial cells. Confluent NCI-H292 cells were pretreated with wogonin for 30 min and then stimulated with tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) for 24 h or the indicated periods. The MUC5AC mucin gene expression and mucin protein production were measured by RT-PCR and ELISA, respectively. We found that incubation of NCI-H292 cells with wogonin significantly inhibited mucin production and down-regulated MUC5AC gene expression induced by TNF-α in a dose-dependent fashion. To elucidate the action mechanism of wogonin, effect of wogonin on TNF-α-induced NF-κB signaling pathway was investigated by western blot analysis. Wogonin inhibited NF-κB activation induced by TNF-α. Inhibition of IKK by wogonin led to the suppression of IκB phosphorylation and degradation, p65 nuclear translocation and NF-κB-regulated gene expression. This, in turn, led to the down-regulation of MUC5AC protein production in NCI-H292 cells. Wogonin also inhibited the gene products involved in cell survival (Bcl-2) and proliferation (cyclooxygenase-2). These results suggest that wogonin inhibits the NF-κB signaling pathway, which may explain its role in the inhibition of MUC5AC mucin gene expression and production. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Phytotherapy Research 03/2013; · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. Aberrant splicing is one of the most significant components generating functional diversity in many pathological conditions. The objective of this study was to analyse the mutations or aberrant splicing of A20 transcript, the region encompassing the ovarian tumour (OTU) domain [which is functionally important as an inhibitor of nuclear factor (NF)-κB activation] in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) from RA patients.Methods. Alterations in A20 transcripts were determined through sequence analysis of 10 clones of A20 cDNA in FLSs from each of the five RA patients. The levels of aberrant A20 transcript were measured by quantitative real-time RT-PCR with primers to specifically recognize the inserted introns. The functional role of A20 and its aberrant variants were examined by analysing NF-κB luciferase reporter activity and NF-κB-dependent target gene expression.Results. In RA FLSs, we discovered four novel aberrant A20 transcripts, most of which resulted from insertion of partial intron 2, intron 4 and/or deletion of exon 4. In each of these FLSs, sequence analysis revealed that these aberrant insertional sequences were flanked by consensus splice donor and acceptor sequences without nucleotide substitution, suggesting alternative splicing as the likely mutational mechanism. These variants elicited a codon frame shift by creating a premature translational stop codon, and eventually, disruption of the OTU domain (which is functionally important as an inhibitor of NF-κB activation) of A20. The expression level of aberrant A20 transcript was correlated well with persisitently enhanced status of NF-κB signalling, as evident by the phosphorylation of inhibitor of NF-κB (IκB)-α and transcription of NF-κB target genes.Conclusion. The results suggest that A20 inactivation by the novel aberrant splicing may contribute to RA progression by inducing persistent NF-κB activation.
    Rheumatology (Oxford, England) 11/2012; · 4.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated whether chrysin affected MUC5AC mucin production and gene expression induced by phorbol ester (phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, PMA) or epidermal growth factor (EGF) from human airway epithelial cells. Confluent NCI-H292 cells were pretreated with varying concentrations of chrysin for 30 minutes, and were then stimulated with PMA and EGF for 24 hours, respectively. MUC5AC mucin gene expression and mucin protein production were measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Concentrations of 10µM and 100µM chrysin were found to inhibit the production of MUC5AC mucin protein induced by PMA; A concentration of 100µM chrysin also inhibited the production of MUC5AC mucin protein induced by EGF; 100µM chrysin inhibited the expression of MUC5AC mucin gene induced by PMA or EGF. The cytotoxicity of chrysin was checked by lactate dehydrogenase assay, and there was no cytotoxic effect observed for chrysin. These results suggest that chrysin can inhibit mucin gene expression and the production of mucin protein by directly acting on airway epithelial cells.
    Tuberculosis and respiratory diseases. 10/2012; 73(4):204-9.
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    ABSTRACT: PHD finger protein 20 (PHF20) is a transcription factor, which was originally identified in glioma patients. PHF20 appears to be a novel antigen in glioma, and has also termed glioma-expressed antigen 2. PHF20 is thought to contribute to the development of cancers, including glioblastoma, lung cancer, colon cancer and ovarian cancer. However, little is known about the function of PHF20 in various cancers. Here we report that PHF20 contains two consensus sites for protein kinase B (PKB) phosphorylation (RxRxxS/T). PKB can directly phosphorylate PHF20 on Ser291 in vitro and in vivo. It has been shown that PKB participates in the tumor suppressor p53 regulated gene expression program and has a direct effect on p21 regulation after DNA damage. UV-induced DNA damage results in accumulation of p53 and PKB activation. Interestingly, PKB-mediated PHF20 phosphorylation led to an inhibition of p53 induction following UV treatment, leading to the reduction of p21 transcriptional activity. Using anti PHF20 and anti pPKB (S473) antibodies, these events were mapped in various human cancer tissues. Taken together, these data suggest that PHF20 is a novel substrate for PKB and its phosphorylation by PKB plays an important role in tumorigenesis via regulating of p53 mediated signaling.
    Cellular signalling 09/2012; 25(1):74-84. · 4.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Targeted disruption of STAT3 function has proven to be a useful cancer therapeutic approach by inducing apoptotic cell death. Cucurbitacin is currently under development as a small molecule of STAT3 inhibitor to trigger cell death in many cancers. Here, we systematically studied the molecular mechanisms underlying cucurbitacin-induced cell death, in particular the involvement of autophagy. Treatment with cucurbitacin resulted in non-apoptotic cell death in a caspase-independent manner. Notably, cucurbitacin enhanced excessive conversion of lipidated LC3 (LC3-II) and accumulation of autophagosomes in many cell types. Such autophagy and cell death induced by cucurbitacin were independent of its ability to inhibit STAT3 function, but mainly mediated by enhanced production of mitochondrial-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS), and subsequently activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK). Interestingly, both the autophagy inhibitor wortmannin and knockdown of Atg5 or Beclin 1 failed to rescue the cells from cucurbitacin-induced cell death, as suppression of autophagy induced the mode of cell death to shift from autophagic cell death to caspase-dependent apoptosis. Thus the present study provides new insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying cucurbitacin-mediated cell death and supports cucurbitacin as a potential anti-cancer drug through modulating the balance between autophagic and apoptotic modes of cell death.
    Autophagy 04/2012; 8(4):559-76. · 12.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The study investigated whether resveratrol significantly affects mucin gene expression, production and secretion from airway epithelial cells. Confluent NCI-H292 cells were pretreated with resveratrol for 30 min and then stimulated with EGF (epidermal growth factor), PMA (phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate) and TNF-α (tumor necrosis factor-α) for 24 h, respectively. The MUC5AC gene expression and mucin protein production were measured by RT-PCR and ELISA. The effect of resveratrol on TNF-α- or PMA-induced activation of NF-κB p65 was also examined. Confluent primary rat tracheal surface epithelial (RTSE) cells were pretreated with adenosine triphosphate (ATP) for 5 min and then treated for 30 min in the presence of resveratrol to assess the effect on mucin secretion using ELISA. The results were as follows: (1) resveratrol inhibited the expression of MUC5AC gene induced by EGF or PMA or TNF-α from NCI-H292 cells; (2) resveratrol also inhibited the production of MUC5AC mucin protein induced by the same inducers from NCI-H292 cells; (3) resveratrol inhibited the activation of NF-κB p65 by TNF-α or PMA in NCI-H292 cells; (4) resveratrol significantly decreased ATP-induced mucin secretion from cultured RTSE cells. This result suggests that resveratrol can regulate mucin gene expression, production and secretion, by directly acting on airway epithelial cells.
    Phytotherapy Research 12/2011; 26(7):1082-7. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, the effects of oleanolic acid and ursolic acid on MUC5AC mucin production and gene expression induced by epidermal growth factor (EGF) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) from human airway epithelial cells were investigated. Confluent NCI-H292 cells were pretreated with each agent for 30 min and then stimulated with EGF and PMA for 24 h, respectively. MUC5AC mucin gene expression and mucin protein production were measured by RT-PCR and ELISA. Oleanolic acid and ursolic acid were found to inhibit the production of MUC5AC mucin protein induced by EGF and PMA, and both compounds also inhibited the expression of MUC5AC mucin gene induced by EGF and PMA. These results suggest that oleanolic acid and ursolic acid can regulate mucin gene expression, and production of mucin protein, by directly acting on airway epithelial cells.
    Phytotherapy Research 03/2011; 25(5):760-4. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated whether daidzein significantly affects secretion, production and gene expression of mucin from cultured airway epithelial cells. Confluent primary rat tracheal surface epithelial (RTSE) cells were pretreated with adenosine triphosphate (ATP) for 5 min and then chased for 30 min in the presence of daidzein to assess the effect on mucin secretion using ELISA. At the same time, confluent NCI-H292 cells were pretreated with daidzein for 30 min and then stimulated with EGF and PMA for 24 h, respectively. The MUC5AC mucin gene expression and mucin protein production were measured by RT-PCR and ELISA. The results were as follows: (1) daidzein significantly decreased ATP-induced mucin secretion from cultured RTSE cells; (2) daidzein inhibited the production of MUC5AC mucin protein induced by EGF or PMA from NCI-H292 cells; (3) daidzein also inhibited the expression of MUC5AC mucin gene induced by EGF or PMA from NCI-H292 cells. This result suggests that daidzein can regulate secretion, production and gene expression of mucin, by directly acting on airway epithelial cells.
    Pulmonary Pharmacology &amp Therapeutics 02/2011; 24(1):128-32. · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated whether prunetin significantly affects the secretion, production and gene expression of mucin from cultured airway epithelial cells. Confluent primary rat tracheal surface epithelial (RTSE) cells were pretreated with adenosine triphosphate (ATP) for 5 min and then chased for 30 min in the presence of prunetin to assess the effect on mucin secretion using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). At the same time, confluent NCI-H292 cells were pretreated with prunetin for 30 min and then stimulated with epidermal growth factor (EGF) or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) for 24 h, respectively. The MUC5AC mucin gene expression and mucin protein production were measured by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and ELISA. The results were as follows: (1) prunetin significantly suppressed ATP-induced mucin secretion from cultured RTSE cells; (2) prunetin inhibited the production of MUC5AC mucin protein induced by EGF or PMA from NCI-H292 cells; (3) prunetin also inhibited the expression of MUC5AC mucin gene induced by EGF or PMA from NCI-H292 cells. This result suggests that prunetin can regulate the secretion, production and gene expression of mucin, by directly acting on airway epithelial cells.
    Phytotherapy Research 02/2011; 25(8):1196-200. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated whether glycyrrhizin and carbenoxolone affect MUC5AC mucin production and gene expression induced by epidermal growth factor (EGF) or phorbol ester (PMA) from human airway epithelial cells. Confluent NCI-H292 cells were pretreated with each agent for 30 min and then stimulated with EGF and PMA for 24h, respectively. MUC5AC mucin gene expression and mucin protein production were measured by RT-PCR and ELISA. Glycyrrhizin and carbenoxolone were found to inhibit the production of MUC5AC mucin protein induced by EGF or PMA, and both compounds also inhibited the expression of MUC5AC mucin gene induced by EGF or PMA. These results suggest that glycyrrhizin and carbenoxolone can inhibit mucin gene expression and production of mucin protein, by directly acting on airway epithelial cells.
    Phytomedicine: international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology 12/2010; 18(8-9):743-7. · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The zinc-finger protein A20 has crucial physiological functions as a dual inhibitor of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation and apoptosis in tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor 1 signaling pathway. Although the molecular basis for the anti-NF-κB function of A20 has been well elucidated, the anti-apoptotic function of A20 is largely unknown. Here, we report a novel mechanism underlying the anti-apoptotic function of A20: A20 blocks TNF-induced apoptosis through suppression of c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) by targeting apoptosis signal-regulating kinase1 (ASK1). First, the ectopic expression of A20 drastically inhibits TNF-induced JNK activation and apoptosis in multiple cell types including those deficient of NF-κB activation. Unexpectedly, the blunting effect of A20 on TNF-induced JNK activation is not mediated by affecting the TNFR1 signaling complex formation. Instead, A20 interacts with ASK1, an important MAPKK kinase in the JNK signaling cascade. More importantly, overexpression of wild-type A20, but not of mutant A20 (ZnF4; C624A, C627A), promotes degradation of the ASK1 through the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Taken together, the results from this study reveal a novel anti-apoptotic mechanism of A20 in TNF signaling pathway: A20 binds to ASK1 and mediates ASK1 degradation, leading to suppression of JNK activation and eventually blockage of apoptosis.
    Cell death and differentiation 05/2010; 17(12):1830-41. · 8.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The serine/threonine protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) is involved in insulin signaling, cellular survival, and transformation. Carboxyl-terminal modulator protein (CTMP) has been identified as a novel PKB binding partner in a yeast two-hybrid screen, and appears to be a negative PKB regulator with tumor suppressor-like properties. In the present study we investigate novel mechanisms by which CTMP plays a role in apoptosis process. CTMP is localized to mitochondria. Furthermore, CTMP becomes phosphorylated following the treatment of cells with pervanadate, an insulin-mimetic. Two serine residues (Ser37 and Ser38) were identified as novel in vivo phosphorylation sites of CTMP. Association of CTMP and heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) inhibits the formation of complexes containing apoptotic protease activating factor 1 and Hsp70. Overexpression of CTMP increased the sensitivity of cells to apoptosis, most likely due to the inhibition of Hsp70 function. Our data suggest that phosphorylation on Ser37/Ser38 of CTMP is important for the prevention of mitochondrial localization of CTMP, eventually leading to cell death by binding to Hsp70. In addition to its role in PKB inhibition, CTMP may therefore play a key role in mitochondria-mediated apoptosis by localizing to mitochondria.
    BMC Cell Biology 08/2009; 10:53. · 2.81 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

375 Citations
129.38 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1998–2014
    • Chungnam National University
      • • Department of Pharmacology
      • • College of Medicine
      Daiden, Daejeon, South Korea
  • 1998–2012
    • Chungnam National University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011
    • Inje University
      • College of Medicine
      Kimhae, South Gyeongsang, South Korea
  • 2008–2009
    • Atlantic Cancer Research Institute
      Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada