Chang Soo Eun

Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (99)267.73 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To compare efficacy, patient compliance, acceptability, satisfaction, safety, and adenoma detection rate of sodium phosphate tablets (NaP, CLICOLON(TM)) to a standard 4 L polyethylene glycol (PEG) solution for bowel cleansing for adults undergoing colonoscopy.
    World journal of gastroenterology : WJG. 11/2014; 20(42):15845-51.
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) are frequently exposed to diagnostic radiation, mainly as a result of abdominopelvic computed tomography (APCT) examinations. However, there are limited data on the impact of APCT on clinical management in this population.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 07/2014; · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection plays an important role in the early stage of cancer development. However, various bacteria that promote the synthesis of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species may be involved in the later stages. We aimed to determine the microbial composition of gastric mucosa from the patients with chronic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia, and gastric cancer using 454 GS FLX Titanium.
    Helicobacter 07/2014; · 3.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although normal endoscopic findings are, as a rule, part of the diagnosis of microscopic colitis, several cases of macroscopic lesions (MLs) have been reported in collagenous colitis, but hardly in lymphocytic colitis (LC). The aim of this study was to investigate the endoscopic, clinical, and histopathologic features of LC with MLs.
    Gut and liver. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: The polyp detection rate (PDR) has been suggested as a surrogate for adenoma detection rate (ADR). The purpose of this study was to determine the level of agreement between PDR and ADR in the proximal and distal colon. Methods: A total of 1,937 consecutive, asymptomatic individuals aged 40 years and older who underwent colonoscopies at six academic teaching hospitals in Korea were included in this study. PDR and ADR were calculated for each colonic segment. PDR was compared with ADR in the proximal and distal colon. Results: During 1,937 colonoscopies, 1,862 polyps were removed; 1,421 (76%) were adenomas. The PDR and ADR in the proximal colon was 25.8% and 22.8%, respectively (kappa value=0.917, p=0.26), and that in the distal colon was 28.9% and 22.2%, respectively (p<0.001). There was a strong correlation between PDR and ADR in the proximal colon, but diverged in sigmoid colon and rectum. Conclusions: PDR and ADR correlate well in the proximal colon, but not in the distal colon, especially sigmoid and rectum. PDR should be measured for each colonic segment when using PDR as a surrogate for ADR. PDR is a valid proxy for ADR in the proximal colon. (Korean J Gastroenterol 2014;63:11-17).
    The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 01/2014; 63(1):11-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Background and AimPrior studies have reported 2-L PEG plus ascorbic acid (PEG + Asc) is an effective alternative to standard 4-L PEG for bowel preparation before colonoscopy, but they are limited due to some confounders. Therefore, we compared the efficacy, patient compliance, satisfaction, and safety of 2-L PEG + Asc versus 4-L PEG for bowel cleansing in optimal preparation strategies. Methods In this prospective, randomized, single-blind trial, consenting outpatients were randomly assigned to one of two arms. All colonoscopies were scheduled in the morning and cleansing solutions were administered as a split-dose regimen. Bowel cleansing efficacy in three different segments was measured on a five-point scale with four-point overall grading. Patients’ opinions of the preparation regimens were obtained by questionnaire. ResultsThere was no significant difference between the 2-L PEG + Asc (159/163; 97.5%) and 4-L PEG (162/164; 98.8%) with respect to the overall success of bowel cleansing (mean difference = – 1.3 [– 4.1 - ∞]). Patient compliance, acceptability, and satisfaction were better in the 2-L PEG + Asc arm than the 4-L PEG arm (P < 0.05). Additionally, the incidence of side-effects was lower in the 2-L PEG + Asc than the 4-L PEG (overall, 57.7% vs. 73.2%, P < 0.05). However, no significant difference was seen in patients’ rating of taste. Conclusions In an optimal preparation setting, 2-L PEG + Asc has equal efficacy as a bowel cleanser prior to colonoscopy as 4-L PEG, with the advantages of better patient compliance, satisfaction, and safety.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 01/2014; · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A dietary regimen consisting of a clear liquid diet (CLD) for at least 24 hours is recommended for colonoscopy preparation. However, this requirement results in problems in patient compliance with bowel preparation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a CLD compared with a regular diet (RD) for colonoscopy preparation using a polyethylene glycol (PEG) solution. This was a multicenter, randomized, investigator-blind prospective study. A total of 801 healthy outpatients undergoing afternoon colonoscopy were randomized to either a CLD or RD in addition to a 4 L PEG regimen. The quality of bowel cleansing was not different between the CLD and RD groups in terms of the proportion with excellent or good preparation. In addition, no significant differences were observed between the two groups for polyp and adenoma detection rates and overall adverse events. Good compliance with bowel preparation was higher in the RD group than in the CLD group. A CLD for a full day prior to colonoscopy should not be mandatory for PEG-based bowel preparation. Dietary education concerning the avoidance of high-fiber foods for 3 days before colonoscopy is sufficient, at least for healthy outpatients.
    Gut and Liver 11/2013; 7(6):681-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Seasonal variation may influence the development and exacerbation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, most epidemiologic studies on this topic have been conducted in Western countries. The purpose of this study was to determine whether birth dates and symptom flares follow a seasonal pattern in Korean patients with IBD. Patients with a diagnosis of IBD established between January 2003 and December 2010 were investigated at six university hospitals in Korea. The expected births and flares, with a uniform distribution during the year and considering differences in the number of days in the months of 1 year, were calculated. A total of 411 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 316 patients with Crohn disease (CD) were included in the study. Birth during the winter period, and especially in January and February, was associated with an increased risk of IBD, especially in UC patients. The symptom flares of CD patients occurred most frequently in the spring, with a nadir in the autumn. However, no disease flare seasonality was noted for UC patients. Our data suggest that seasonally varying environmental factors during pregnancy and the postpartum period are associated with a susceptibility to IBD later in life and that exacerbations of CD are influenced by seasonal factors.
    Gut and Liver 11/2013; 7(6):661-7.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to evaluate the relevance of the soluble form of c-Met protein, a truncated form of the c-Met membrane receptor involved in the CagA pathway, as a potential biomarker for gastric cancer. Among 290 gastric cancer case-control sets selected from the Korean Multicenter Cancer Cohort, the plasma concentrations of soluble c-Met protein were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Using analysis of variance and covariance models with age, sex, smoking, Helicobacter pylori infection, and CagA seropositivity, the mean concentrations of soluble c-Met protein between cases and controls were compared. To evaluate the association between gastric cancer and a c-Met protein level, odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were estimated using conditional logistic regression models. Interactions between CagA-related genes and the soluble c-Met protein concentration were also investigated. The overall median plasma concentration of soluble c-Met among cases was significantly lower than those of controls (1.390 vs. 1.610 ng/mL, p < 0.0001). Closer to the onset of gastric cancer, the soluble c-Met protein level decreased linearly in a time-dependent manner (p for trend = 0.0002). The combined effects between the CagA-related genes and the soluble c-Met protein concentration significantly intensified risks for gastric cancer. Restricted analyses including cases that had been diagnosed within 1 year after entering the cohort had a fair degree of ability (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.73–0.77) to discriminate gastric cancer cases from normal controls. Our findings demonstrate the potential of the soluble form of c-Met protein as a novel biomarker for gastric cancer. The beneficial effects of a high soluble c-Met concentration in human plasma are strongly supported.
    International Journal of Cancer 10/2013; · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Advancing age is a well-known risk factor for Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). However, age-specific clinical differences in CDI are uncertain. A retrospective comparative analysis was performed based on age in 1367 patients with CDI in Korea. Most clinical features were similar in the two age groups studied, however malignancy was more common in the older group (age ≥ 65 y) (p < 0.001), while chemotherapy and transplantation were more common in the younger group (age < 65 y) (p < 0.001). Endoscopic examinations were more commonly performed in the older group (p = 0.010), which had a high positive predictive value (88.3%). More patients recovered from CDI without specific antibiotic treatment in the younger group than in the older group (p < 0.001). Although advancing age is an important risk factor for CDI, the clinical features of younger patients are similar to those of the older patient population.
    Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 10/2013; · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: Because colonoscopy can be a technically challenging procedure, endoscopist fatigue, which usually increases as day progresses, may impact procedural performance. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of colonoscopy scheduling on adenoma and polyp detection rates (ADR and PDR, respectively). Methodology: This was a retrospective study of data prospectively collected on 1,293 consecutive, asymptomatic, average-risk patients. Three separate timing variables were assessed, as follows: morning vs. afternoon procedures; start times throughout the day; and four groups by matching each subsequent passing hour in the morning and afternoon sessions. Results: 420 (32%) were performed in the morning and 881 (68%) were performed in the afternoon. There was a significantly higher ADR and PDR in the morning colonoscopies compared to the afternoon colonoscopies (42.3% vs. 34.7% [po=0.008] and 52.5% vs. 46.3% [p=0.038], respectively). Based on multivariable analysis, afternoon colonoscopies and colonoscopies performed during 4th hour of session were significantly associated with a decreased ADR (OR, 0.739 [0.576-0.949], p=0.018; and OR, 0.651 [0.443-0.975], p=0.029). Conclusions: Colonoscopies scheduled in the morning have a significantly higher ADR and PDR as compared to colonoscopies scheduled in the afternoon. Also,colonoscopies performed during 4th hour of the session were associated with decreased ADR.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 10/2013; 60(127):1647-52. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Appropriate use of propofol is necessary, and objective monitoring of sedation with propofol may be helpful. Studies on the efficacy of bispectral index (BIS) monitoring in deep sedation have been conducted, but its efficacy in colonoscopy with moderate sedation is unknown. In this study, the efficacy of BIS monitoring during colonoscopy with moderate level sedation via balanced propofol sedation was investigated. To determine the cut-off value of BIS before the test, an optimal BIS value was determined. Patients who were scheduled to undergo outpatient colonoscopy were prospectively randomized to either a BIS or control group. Finally, a total of 115 patients were selected for this study. The satisfaction level, the complication, and the dosage of the administered propofol were compared. The BIS values and the modified observer's assessment of alertness/sedation scores (MOAA/S) were positively correlated (r = 0.66 and p < 0.001). The optimal cut-off value of BIS for maintaining moderate sedation was 81, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.88 (95 % CI 0.82-0.93), indicating high prediction accuracy. However, there was no difference between the BIS group and the control group in levels of satisfaction of either patients or endoscopists. In addition, there was no difference in the complication and the required dose of propofol between both groups. BIS and clinical sedation scores, MOAA/S scores, showed a high level of correlation. However, no significant efficacy was observed in the BIS group who underwent outpatient colonoscopy.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 08/2013; · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Accurate diagnosis of gastric intestinal metaplasia is important; however, conventional endoscopy is known to be an unreliable modality for diagnosing gastric intestinal metaplasia (IM). The aims of the study were to evaluate the interobserver variation in diagnosing IM by high-definition (HD) endoscopy and the diagnostic accuracy of this modality for IM among experienced and inexperienced endoscopists. Selected 50 cases, taken with HD endoscopy, were sent for a diagnostic inquiry of gastric IM through visual inspection to five experienced and five inexperienced endoscopists. The interobserver agreement between endoscopists was evaluated to verify the diagnostic reliability of HD endoscopy in diagnosing IM, and the diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were evaluated for validity of HD endoscopy in diagnosing IM. Interobserver agreement among the experienced endoscopists was "poor" (κ = 0.38) and it was also "poor" (κ = 0.33) among the inexperienced endoscopists. The diagnostic accuracy of the experienced endoscopists was superior to that of the inexperienced endoscopists (P = 0.003). Since diagnosis through visual inspection is unreliable in the diagnosis of IM, all suspicious areas for gastric IM should be considered to be biopsied. Furthermore, endoscopic experience and education are needed to raise the diagnostic accuracy of gastric IM.
    Journal of Korean medical science 05/2013; 28(5):744-9. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to evaluate the relevance of the soluble form of c‐Met protein, a truncated form of the c‐Met membrane receptor involved in the CagA pathway, as a potential biomarker for gastric cancer. Among 290 gastric cancer case‐control sets selected from the Korean Multicenter Cancer Cohort, the plasma concentrations of soluble c‐Met protein were measured with enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assays. Using analysis of variance and covariance models with age, sex, smoking, Helicobacter pylori infection, and CagA seropositivity, the mean concentrations of soluble c‐Met protein between cases and controls were compared. To evaluate the association between gastric cancer and a c‐Met protein level, odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were estimated using conditional logistic regression models. Interactions between CagA‐related genes and the soluble c‐Met protein concentration were also investigated. The overall median plasma concentration of soluble c‐Met among cases was significantly lower than those of controls (1.390 vs. 1.610 ng/mL, p p for trend = 0.0002). The combined effects between the CagA‐related genes and the soluble c‐Met protein concentration significantly intensified risks for gastric cancer. Restricted analyses including cases that had been diagnosed within 1 year after entering the cohort had a fair degree of ability (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.73–0.77) to discriminate gastric cancer cases from normal controls. Our findings demonstrate the potential of the soluble form of c‐Met protein as a novel biomarker for gastric cancer. The beneficial effects of a high soluble c‐Met concentration in human plasma are strongly supported.
    International Journal of Cancer 01/2013; 132(9). · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is thought to increase the incidence of microscopic colitis (MC), although the exact mechanisms are not fully understood. Increased infiltration of intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) is a pathologic finding of MC (including collagenous or lymphocytic colitis). We investigated whether PPI use is associated with increased IEL infiltration and inflammation in the lamina propria. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and histological reports of 78 patients receiving PPIs who had no symptoms of diarrhea, and their age- and gender- matched controls. The levels of IELs and inflammation in the lamina propria were assessed independently by two pathologists using H&E and immunohistochemical staining for CD3 and CD8. The IEL count was significantly higher in the PPI group than in controls (12.92 ± 6.27 vs. 8.10 ± 4.21 per 100 epithelial cells, p < 0.001), as was the extent of inflammation (1.74 ± 0.90 vs. 0.86 ± 0.78, p < 0.001). PPI use was associated with increased IEL infiltration in a multivariate analysis (OR, 3.232; 95 % CI, 1.631-6.404, p < 0.001). Within the PPI group, however, the IEL count was not significantly associated with gender, age, type of PPI, or duration of PPI use. The use of PPIs has a significant association with increased IEL infiltration for subjects without symptoms of diarrhea. This finding suggests that changes such histological alterations seen in the early phage seen in MC possibly represent the stage of the disease even before the onset of symptoms.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 08/2012; 57(10):2669-74. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is an effective treatment of early gastric tumors, but submucosal fibrosis can be an obstacle to successful ESD. To examine the association between endoscopic and pathologic factors and submucosal fibrosis in early gastric tumors, and to measure the association between degree of submucosal fibrosis and outcomes of ESD. A retrospective study. An academic medical center. From November 2006 to April 2011, 161 patients with 167 early gastric tumors treated by ESD. ESD. Endoscopic and pathologic factors related to submucosal fibrosis. Procedure time, en bloc resection rate, and complications according to degree of submucosal fibrosis. In univariate analysis, the presence of endoscopic submucosal fibrosis was significantly related to tumor size, location, ulceration, histologic findings, and submucosal invasion. Multivariate analysis for these factors showed that endoscopic submucosal fibrosis was independently associated with lesions in tumor size greater than 30 mm, in the proximal portion of the stomach, and more common in adenocarcinomas than in adenomas. After correction for multiple testing, only the middle of the stomach as a locational risk factor retains statistical significance. Also, the more advanced the endoscopic submucosal fibrosis, the longer the time required for ESD (P < .0001). The severity of endoscopic submucosal fibrosis was associated with a lower en bloc resection rate and with abundant immediate bleeding. Retrospective, single-center study. Submucosal fibrosis of early gastric tumors is closely related to tumor size, location, ulceration, histologic findings, and submucosal invasion. Moreover, the greater the degree of submucosal fibrosis the longer the time taken for the ESD procedure and the higher the frequency of complications such as perforation and immediate bleeding.
    Gastrointestinal endoscopy 07/2012; 76(1):59-66. · 6.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) may be reactivated after chemotherapy or immunosuppressive therapy, and therefore administration of antiviral agents before such treatment is recommended. Most reported cases of reactivation are associated with high doses of immunosuppressive agents or combination therapy. We present a case of a previously inactive HBV carrier with an acute severe flare-up during a long-term, very-low-dose (2.5 mg/day) steroid treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. We suggest that even a minimal dose of single-regimen oral steroid can cause reactivation of indolent, inactive HBV.
    Clinical and molecular hepatology. 06/2012; 18(2):225-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Newly developed uncovered stents are designed to have varied radial force and high conformability to improve clinical outcome and safety. This study aimed to determine and compare the clinical outcome and safety of the Taewoong D-type uncovered stent and the Boston Scientific Wallfex stent. Patients with acute malignant colonic obstruction were treated with a colonic stent. For the purpose of palliation, patients were randomly allocated. For the purpose of bridging, the type of stent was determined by the discretion of the individual doctors. Technical and clinical success and complication occurrence were measured as primary outcomes. From 12 university hospitals, 123 patients with malignant colonic obstruction were enrolled. Of these 123 patients, 58 were treated with colonic stents for palliative purposes. The technical and clinical success rate was 100 % for both stents in the palliative group. Perforation occurred for one patient (3.6 %) in the Wallflex stent group (n = 28) on day 5 and for no patients in the D-type stent group (n = 30). Two cases of migration occurred: one with the Wallflex stent and one with the D-type stent. Stent restenosis occurred for one patient with the Wallflex stent. Preoperative bridging stents were placed in 65 patients. The median time to surgery was 10 days. The technical success rate was 93.4 %, and clinical success was achieved for 86.2 % of the patients. Perforation occurred for five patients: four with the Wallflex stent and one with the D-type stent. The efficacy and safety of the two stents did not differ statistically. The D-type colonic uncovered stent and the Wallflex colonic uncovered stent are effective and safe for both palliative and preoperative bridging therapy used to treat acute malignant colonic obstruction.
    Surgical Endoscopy 05/2012; 26(11):3106-13. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence and severity of Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) have increased in Western countries. However, there are limited data regarding the epidemiology of CDI in Eastern countries. This nationwide study was conducted in 17 hospitals to determine temporal trends in CDI incidence (from 2004 to 2008) in South Korea. The total incidence of CDI in Korea was 1·7 cases/1000 adult admissions in 2004, and 2·7/1000 cases in 2008 (P=0·028). When analysing the clinical features of 1367 CDI patients diagnosed in 2008, oral metronidazole was effective as a first-line treatment for CDI (61·9%). Relapse rate was 8·9% and complicated CDI was only observed in 3·6%. The incidence of CDI increased significantly in Korea from 2004 to 2008. Although the clinical features were milder than in Western countries, the increasing burden of CDI needs ongoing surveillance systems.
    Epidemiology and Infection 04/2012; · 2.87 Impact Factor
  • Gastrointestinal endoscopy 03/2012; 75(3):668; discussion 669. · 6.71 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

540 Citations
267.73 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010–2014
    • Kangbuk Samsung Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Dongguk University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2008–2013
    • Hanyang University Medical Center
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007–2012
    • Hanyang University
      • Major in Internal Medicine
      Ansan, Gyeonggi, South Korea
  • 2009
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2005–2006
    • Hallym University Medical Center
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea