Denise M Arrick

Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center Shreveport, Shreveport, Louisiana, United States

Are you Denise M Arrick?

Claim your profile

Publications (21)64.37 Total impact

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The role of nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) in early blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption was determined using a new mouse model of transient focal cerebral ischemia. Ischemia was induced by ligating the middle cerebral artery (MCA) at its M2 segment and reperfusion was induced by releasing the ligation. The diameter alteration of the MCA, arterial anastomoses and collateral arteries were imaged and measured in real time. BBB disruption was assessed by Evans Blue (EB) and sodium fluorescein (Na-F) extravasation at 3 hours of reperfusion. The reperfusion produced an extensive vasodilation and a sustained hyperemia. Although expression of NOSs was not altered at 3 hours of reperfusion, L-NAME (a non-specific NOS inhibitor) abolished reperfusion-induced vasodilation/hyperemia and significantly reduced EB and Na-F extravasation. L-NIO (an endothelial NOS (eNOS) inhibitor) significantly attenuated cerebral vasodilation but not BBB disruption, whereas L-NPA and 7-NI (neuronal NOS (nNOS) inhibitors) significantly reduced BBB disruption but not cerebral vasodilation. In contrast, aminoguanidine (AG) (an inducible NOS (iNOS) inhibitor) had less effect on either cerebral vasodilation or BBB disruption. On the other hand, papaverine (PV) not only increased the vasodilation/hyperemia but also significantly reduced BBB disruption. Combined treatment with L-NAME and PV preserved the vasodilation/hyperemia and significantly reduced BBB disruption. Our findings suggest that nNOS may play a major role in early BBB disruption following transient focal cerebral ischemia via a hyperemia-independent mechanism.
    PLoS ONE 03/2014; 9(3):e93134. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We examined whether vigorous exercise training (VExT) could influence nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent vasodilation and transient focal ischemia-induced brain injury. Rats were divided into sedentary (SED) or VExT groups. Exercise was carried out 5 days/week for a period of 8-10 weeks. First, we measured responses of pial arterioles to an eNOS-dependent (ADP), an nNOS-dependent (NMDA) and a NOS-independent (nitroglycerin) agonist in SED and VExT rats. Second, we measured infarct volume in SED and VExT rats following middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Third, we measured superoxide levels in brain tissue of SED and VExT rats under basal and stimulated conditions. We found that eNOS- and nNOS-dependent, but not NOS-independent vasodilation, was increased in VExT compared to SED rats, and this could be inhibited with L-NMMA in both groups. In addition, we found that VExT reduced infarct volume following MCAO when compared to SED rats. Further, superoxide levels were similar in brain tissue from SED and VExT rats under basal and stimulated conditions. We suggest that VExT potentiates NOS-dependent vascular reactivity and reduces infarct volume following MCAO via a mechanism that appears to be independent of oxidative stress, but presumably related to an increase in the contribution of nitric oxide. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Microcirculation (New York, N.Y.: 1994) 03/2014; · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • Denise M Arrick, Hong Sun, William G Mayhan
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: While exercise training (ExT) appears to influence cerebrovascular function during type 1 diabetes (T1D), it is not clear whether this beneficial effect extends to protecting the brain from ischemia-induced brain injury. Thus our goal was to examine whether modest ExT could influence transient focal ischemia-induced brain injury along with nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent dilation of cerebral (pial) arterioles during T1D. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: nondiabetic sedentary, nondiabetic ExT, diabetic (streptozotocin; 50 mg/kg ip) sedentary, and diabetic ExT. In the first series of studies, we measured infarct volume in all groups of rats following right MCA occlusion for 2 h, followed by 24 h of reperfusion. In a second series of studies, a craniotomy was performed over the parietal cortex, and we measured responses of pial arterioles to an endothelial NOS (eNOS)-dependent, a neuronal NOS (nNOS)-dependent, and a NOS-independent agonist in all groups of rats. We found that sedentary diabetic rats had significantly larger total, cortical, and subcortical infarct volumes following ischemia-reperfusion than sedentary nondiabetic, nondiabetic ExT, and diabetic ExT rats. Infarct volumes were similar in sedentary nondiabetic, ExT nondiabetic, and ExT diabetic rats. In contrast, ExT did not alter infarct size in nondiabetic compared with sedentary nondiabetic rats. In addition, ExT diabetic rats had impaired eNOS- and nNOS-dependent, but not NOS-independent, vasodilation that was restored by ExT. Thus ExT of T1D rats lessened ischemic brain injury following middle cerebral artery occlusion and restored impaired eNOS- and nNOS-dependent vascular function. Since the incidence of ischemic stroke is increased during T1D, we suggest that our finding are significant in that modest ExT may be a viable preventative therapeutic approach to lessen ischemia-induced brain injury that may occur in T1D subjects.
    Journal of Applied Physiology 08/2012; 113(7):1121-7. · 3.43 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We examined the influence of low-dose alcohol consumption on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice and a potential mechanism underlying the neuroprotective effect of low-dose alcohol consumption. C57BL/6 J mice were fed a liquid diet without or with 1% alcohol for 8 weeks, orally treated with rosiglitazone (20 mg/kg/day), a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ)-selective agonist, or GW9662 (3 mg/kg/day), a selective PPARγ antagonist, for 2 weeks. The mice were subjected to unilateral middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 90 minutes. Brain injury, DNA fragmentation and nuclear PPARγ protein/activity were evaluated at 24 hours of reperfusion. We found that the brain injury and DNA fragmentation were reduced in 1% alcohol-fed mice compared to nonalcohol-fed mice. Rosiglitazone suppressed the brain injury in nonalcohol-fed mice, but didn't alter the brain injury in alcohol-fed mice. In contrast, GW9662 worsened the brain injury in alcohol-fed mice, but didn't alter the brain injury in nonalcohol-fed mice. Nuclear PPARγ protein/activity at peri-infarct and the contralateral corresponding areas of the parietal cortex was greater in alcohol-fed mice compared to nonalcohol-fed mice. Using differentiated catecholaminergic (CATH.a) neurons, we measured dose-related influences of chronic alcohol exposure on nuclear PPARγ protein/activity and the influence of low-dose alcohol exposure on 2-hour oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)/24-hour reoxygenation-induced apoptosis. We found that low-dose alcohol exposure increased nuclear PPARγ protein/activity and protected against the OGD/reoxygenation-induced apoptosis. The beneficial effect of low-dose alcohol exposure on OGD/reoxygenation-induced apoptosis was abolished by GW9662. Our findings suggest that chronic consumption of low-dose alcohol protects the brain against I/R injury. The neuroprotective effect of low-dose alcohol consumption may be related to an upregulated PPARγ.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(7):e41716. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Decreased dilation of cerebral arterioles via an increase in oxidative stress may be a contributing factor in the pathogenesis of diabetes-induced complications leading to cognitive dysfunction and/or stroke. Our goal was to determine whether resveratrol, a polyphenolic compound present in red wine, has a protective effect on cerebral arterioles during type 1 diabetes (T1D). We measured the responses of cerebral arterioles in untreated and resveratrol-treated (10 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1)) nondiabetic and diabetic rats to endothelial (eNOS) and neuronal (nNOS) nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent agonists and to a NOS-independent agonist. In addition, we harvested brain tissue from nondiabetic and diabetic rats to measure levels of superoxide under basal conditions. Furthermore, we used Western blot analysis to determine the protein expression of eNOS, nNOS, SOD-1, and SOD-2 in cerebral arterioles and/or brain tissue from untreated and resveratrol-treated nondiabetic and diabetic rats. We found that T1D impaired eNOS- and nNOS-dependent reactivity of cerebral arterioles but did not alter NOS-independent vasodilation. While resveratrol did not alter responses in nondiabetic rats, resveratrol prevented T1D-induced impairment in eNOS- and nNOS-dependent vasodilation. In addition, superoxide levels were higher in brain tissue from diabetic rats and resveratrol reversed this increase. Furthermore, eNOS and nNOS protein were increased in diabetic rats and resveratrol produced a further increased eNOS and nNOS proteins. SOD-1 and SOD-2 proteins were not altered by T1D, but resveratrol treatment produced a decrease in SOD-2 protein. Our findings suggest that resveratrol restores vascular function and oxidative stress in T1D. We suggest that our findings may implicate an important therapeutic potential for resveratrol in treating T1D-induced cerebrovascular dysfunction.
    AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology 06/2011; 301(3):H696-703. · 4.01 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We examined the dose-related influence of alcohol consumption on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and the potential mechanism that accounts for the disparate effects of high-dose and low-dose alcohol consumption on cerebral I/R injury. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a liquid diet with or without 1, 3, 5, or 6.4% (v/v) alcohol for 8 weeks and subjected to a 2-hour middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). We evaluated the brain injury at 24 hours of reperfusion. In addition, we measured protein expression of NMDA receptor and excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs) in parietal cortex and the effect of NMDA receptor antagonist, memantine, on 2-hour MCAO/24 h reperfusion-induced brain injury. Compared with non-alcohol-fed rats, the total infarct volume was not altered in 3 and 5% alcohol-fed rats but significantly reduced in 1% alcohol-fed rats and exacerbated in 6.4% alcohol-fed rats. Expression of the NMDA receptor subunit, NR1, was upregulated in 6.4% alcohol-fed rats, whereas expression of EAAT2 was downregulated in 6.4% alcohol-fed rats and upregulated in 1% alcohol-fed rats. Memantine reduced 2-hour MCAO/24 h reperfusion-induced brain injury in non-alcohol-fed and 6.4% alcohol-fed rats, but not in 1% alcohol-fed rats. The magnitude of reduction in the brain injury was greater in 6.4% alcohol-fed rats compared to non-alcohol-fed rats. Our findings suggest that chronic consumption of low-dose alcohol protects the brain against I/R injury, whereas chronic consumption of high-dose alcohol has detrimental effect on cerebral I/R injury. The disparate effects of low-dose and high-dose alcohol consumption on cerebral I/R may be related to an alteration in NMDA excitotoxicity.
    Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 02/2011; 35(7):1265-9. · 3.31 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Our goal was to examine whether exercise training (ExT) could normalize impaired nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent dilation of cerebral (pial) arterioles during type 1 diabetes (T1D). We measured the in vivo diameter of pial arterioles in sedentary and exercised nondiabetic and diabetic rats in response to an endothelial NOS (eNOS)-dependent (ADP), an neuronal NOS (nNOS)-dependent [N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)], and a NOS-independent (nitroglycerin) agonist. In addition, we measured superoxide anion levels in brain tissue under basal conditions in sedentary and exercised nondiabetic and diabetic rats. Furthermore, we used Western blot analysis to determine eNOS and nNOS protein levels in cerebral vessels/brain tissue in sedentary and exercised nondiabetic and diabetic rats. We found that ADP and NMDA produced a dilation of pial arterioles that was similar in sedentary and exercised nondiabetic rats. In contrast, ADP and NMDA produced only minimal vasodilation in sedentary diabetic rats. ExT restored impaired ADP- and NMDA-induced vasodilation observed in diabetic rats to that observed in nondiabetics. Nitroglycerin produced a dilation of pial arterioles that was similar in sedentary and exercised nondiabetic and diabetic rats. Superoxide levels in cortex tissue were similar in sedentary and exercised nondiabetic rats, were increased in sedentary diabetic rats, and were normalized by ExT in diabetic rats. Finally, we found that eNOS protein was increased in diabetic rats and further increased by ExT and that nNOS protein was not influenced by T1D but was increased by ExT. We conclude that ExT can alleviate impaired eNOS- and nNOS-dependent responses of pial arterioles during T1D.
    AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology 12/2010; 300(3):H1013-20. · 4.01 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT:  Chronic alcohol consumption increases ischemic stroke and exacerbates ischemic brain injury. We determined the role of NAD(P)H oxidase in exacerbated ischemic brain injury during chronic alcohol consumption.  Sprague Dawley rats were fed a liquid diet with or without alcohol (6.4% v/v) for 8 weeks. We measured the effect of apocynin on 2-hour middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)/24-hour reperfusion-induced brain injury. In addition, superoxide production and expression of NAD(P)H oxidase subunit, gp91phox, in the peri-infarct area were assessed. Chronic alcohol consumption produced a larger infarct volume, worse neurological score, and higher superoxide production. Acute (5 mg/kg, ip, 30 minutes before MCAO) and chronic treatment with apocynin (7.5 mg/kg/d in the diet, 4 weeks prior to MCAO) reduced infarct volume, improved neurological outcome, and attenuated superoxide production in alcohol-fed rats. Expression of gp91phox at basal conditions and following ischemia/reperfusion was greater in alcohol-fed rats compared to non-alcohol-fed rats. In addition, neurons are partially responsible for upregulated gp91phox during alcohol consumption. Our findings suggest that NAD(P)H oxidase may play an important role in exacerbated ischemic brain injury during chronic alcohol consumption.
    Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 11/2010; 34(11):1948-55. · 3.31 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Our goal was to determine whether exercise training (ExT) alleviates impaired nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent dilation of pial arterioles during chronic exposure to nicotine. We measured dilation of cerebral (pial) arterioles in sedentary and exercised control and nicotine-treated (2 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1) for 4 wk via an osmotic minipump) rats to an endothelial NOS (eNOS)-dependent (ADP), a neuronal NOS (nNOS)-dependent [N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA)], and a NOS-independent (nitroglycerin) agonist. In addition, we harvested brain tissue from sedentary and exercised control and nicotine-treated rats to measure the production of superoxide anion and measured superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD-1) protein in cerebral microvessels using Western blot. We found that eNOS-and nNOS-dependent, but not NOS-independent, vasodilation was impaired in nicotine-treated compared with control rats. In addition, the production of superoxide anion (lucigenin chemiluminescence) was increased, and SOD-1 protein decreased, in rats treated with nicotine compared with control rats. Further, although ExT did not significantly affect eNOS- or nNOS-dependent vasodilation in control rats, ExT restored impaired eNOS- and nNOS-dependent responses in nicotine-treated rats. In addition, the increase in superoxide anion production observed in nicotine-treated rats was reduced by ExT, and SOD-1 protein was increased in nicotine-treated rats by ExT. We suggest that ExT restores impaired NOS-dependent dilation of pial arterioles during chronic exposure to nicotine by a mechanism related to the formation of superoxide anion.
    Journal of Applied Physiology 10/2010; 109(4):1109-14. · 3.43 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Denise M Arrick, William G Mayhan
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Endothelin-1 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many cardiovascular-related diseases, including diabetes. The goal of this study was to examine the influence of endothelin-1 receptors (ET(A)) in impaired responses of cerebral (pial) arterioles in type-1 diabetic rats. We measured responses of cerebral arterioles in non-diabetic rats to endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-dependent (ADP), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)-dependent (N-methyl-d-aspartic acid [NMDA]) and NOS-independent (nitroglycerin) agonists before and during application of BQ-123, an ET(A) receptor antagonist. In addition, we harvested brain tissue from non-diabetic and diabetic rats to measure the production of superoxide anion under basal conditions and during inhibition of ET(A) receptors. We found that diabetes specifically impaired eNOS- and nNOS-dependent reactivity of cerebral arterioles, but did not alter NOS-independent vasodilation. In addition, while BQ-123 did not alter responses in non-diabetic rats, BQ-123 restored impaired eNOS- and nNOS-dependent vasodilation in diabetic rats. Further, superoxide production was higher in brain tissue from diabetic rats compared with non-diabetic rats under basal conditions and BQ-123 decreased basal production of superoxide in diabetic rats. We suggest that activation of ET(A) receptors during type-1 diabetes mellitus plays an important role in impaired eNOS- and nNOS-dependent dilation of cerebral arterioles.
    Microcirculation (New York, N.Y.: 1994) 08/2010; 17(6):439-46. · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The goal was to identify the role of NAD(P)H oxidase in cerebrovascular dysfunction in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). In a first series of studies, rats were assigned to nondiabetic, diabetic (streptozotocin; 50 mg/kg IP), nondiabetic-apocynin (40 mg/kg/day in drinking water)-treated and diabetic-apocynin-treated groups. Two to three months later, the authors examined in vivo responses of pial arterioles to nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent (acetylcholine and adenosine diphosphate (ADP)) and -independent (nitroglycerin) agonists. Next, they used Western blot analysis to examine protein levels for subunits of NAD(P)H oxidase in cerebral microvessels and parietal cortex tissue of nondiabetic and diabetic rats. Finally, they measured superoxide production by parietal cortex tissue in nondiabetic and diabetic rats. Acetylcholine- and ADP-induced dilatation of pial arterioles was impaired in diabetic compared to nondiabetic rats. In addition, while apocynin did not alter responses in nondiabetic rats, apocynin alleviated T1D-induced impairment of NOS-dependent vasodilatation. In addition, p47phox and gp91phox proteins were elevated in cerebral microvessels and parietal cortex tissue, respectively, of diabetic compared to nondiabetic rats. Further, basal production of superoxide was increased in diabetic compared to nondiabetic rats and apocynin decreased this basal production. The findings suggest that T1D impairs NOS-dependent reactivity of cerebral arterioles by a mechanism related to the formation of superoxide via activation of NAD(P)H oxidase.
    Microcirculation 01/2010; 13(7):567-75. · 2.26 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Our goals were to determine whether acute exposure to nicotine alters nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent responses of the basilar artery and to identify a potential role for activation of NAD(P)H oxidase in nicotine-induced impairment in NOS-dependent responses of the basilar artery. We measured in vivo diameter of the basilar artery in response to NOS-dependent (acetylcholine) and NOS-independent (nitroglycerin) agonists before and during an acute infusion of nicotine (2 microg/kg/min intravenously for 30 min followed by a maintenance dose of 0.35 microg/kg/min). In addition, we measured superoxide anion production (lucigenin chemiluminescence) by the basilar artery in response to nicotine in the absence or presence of apocynin. We found that NOS-dependent, but not NOS-independent, vasodilation was impaired during infusion of nicotine. In addition, treatment of the basilar artery with apocynin (100 microM, 30 min prior to infusion of nicotine) prevented nicotine-induced impairment in NOS-dependent vasodilation. Further, the production of superoxide anion was increased in the basilar artery by nicotine, and this increase could be inhibited by apocynin. Our findings suggest that acute exposure to nicotine impairs NOS-dependent dilation of the basilar artery by a mechanism that appears to be related to the release of superoxide anion. A possible source of superoxide may be via the activation of NAD(P)H oxidase.
    Nicotine & Tobacco Research 03/2009; 11(3):270-7. · 2.48 Impact Factor
  • Biophysical Journal 02/2009; 96(3). · 3.83 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We examined whether activation of angiotensin-1 receptors (AT1R) could account for impaired responses of cerebral arterioles during type 1 diabetes (T1D). First, we measured responses of cerebral arterioles in nondiabetic rats to eNOS-dependent (acetylcholine and adenosine diphosphate (ADP)) and -independent (nitroglycerin) agonists before and during application of angiotensin II. Next, we examined whether losartan could improve impaired responses of cerebral arterioles during T1D. In addition, we harvested cerebral microvessels for Western blot analysis of AT1R protein and measured production of superoxide anion by brain tissue under basal conditions and in response to angiotensin II in the absence or presence of losartan. We found that angiotensin II specifically impaired eNOS-dependent reactivity of cerebral arterioles. In addition, while losartan did not alter responses in nondiabetics, losartan restored impaired eNOS-dependent vasodilatation in diabetics. Further, AT1R protein was higher in diabetics compared to nondiabetics. Finally, superoxide production was higher in brain tissue from diabetics compared to nondiabetics under basal conditions, angiotensin II increased superoxide production in nondiabetics and diabetics, and losartan decreased basal (diabetics) and angiotensin II-induced production of superoxide (nondiabetics and diabetics). We suggest that activation of AT1R during T1D plays a critical role in impaired eNOS-dependent dilatation of cerebral arterioles.
    Brain Research 06/2008; 1209:128-35. · 2.83 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Our goal was to identify the role of oxidative stress via activation of NAD(P)H oxidase in cerebrovascular dysfunction in aged rats. We examined the reactivity of cerebral arterioles in adult and aged Fisher-344 rats to endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-dependent (acetylcholine and adenosine diphosphate [ADP]) and-independent (nitroglycerin) agonists before and during application of tempol, apocynin, and diphenyleneiodonium chloride (DPI). We used Western blot to examine subunits of NAD(P)H oxidase, eNOS, and superoxide dismutase (SOD-1) in cerebral microvessels and parietal cortex. Finally, we measured superoxide production by cortex tissue in adult and aged rats. Acetylcholine-and ADP-induced, but not nitroglycerin-induced, dilatation of cerebral arterioles was impaired in aged compared to adult rats. While tempol, apocynin, and DPI did not alter responses in adults, they alleviated impaired eNOS-dependent vasodilatation in aged rats, without influencing responses to nitroglycerin. eNOS and p67phox proteins were increased in cerebral microvessels from aged compared to adult rats. Further, p67phox and gp91phox proteins were increased, but SOD-1 protein was decreased, in cortex tissue of aged rats. Basal and agonist-induced production of superoxide was elevated in aged rats. Aging impairs eNOS-dependent reactivity of cerebral arterioles via an increase in superoxide produced by activation of NAD(P)H oxidase.
    Microcirculation 05/2008; 15(3):225-36. · 2.26 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Inward rectifier potassium (K(IR)) channels appear to play an important role in the regulation of cerebral blood flow. Our goal was to examine the influence of chronic alcohol exposure on K(IR) channels in cerebral arterioles. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed liquid diets with or without alcohol for 8-12 weeks. Using intravital microscope, we measured diameter of pial arterioles in response to an inhibitor, BaCl(2), and an activator, KCl, of K(IR) channels in the absence and presence of a scavenger of reactive oxygen species, tempol, or an inhibitor of NAD(P)H oxidase, apocynin. Application of BaCl(2) (30 and 100 microM) produced dose-related vasoconstriction in non-alcohol-fed, but not in alcohol-fed rats. In addition, application of KCl (3, 10, and 30 mM) produced dose-related dilation in non-alcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats, but the magnitude of vasodilatation was less in alcohol-fed rats. In contrast, nitroglycerin-induced vasodilation was similar in non-alcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats. Superfusion of cranial window with tempol (0.1 mM) or apocynin (1 mM) did not alter baseline diameter and nitroglycerin-induced dilation of pial arterioles in non-alcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats but significantly improved impaired KCl-induced dilation in alcohol-fed rats. Our findings suggest that chronic alcohol consumption impairs the role of K(IR) channels in basal tone and KCl-induced dilation of cerebral arterioles. In addition, impaired KCl-induced dilation of cerebral arterioles during alcohol consumption may be related to enhanced release of oxygen-derived free radicals via NAD(P)H oxidase.
    Microvascular Research 05/2008; 75(3):367-72. · 2.43 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chronic alcohol consumption impairs cerebral vasoreactivity, and thus, may result in an increase in ischemic brain damage. The goal of this study is to examine the influence of chronic alcohol consumption on transient focal ischemia-induced brain damage. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two groups, a control group and an alcohol group. Eight weeks after being fed a liquid diet with or without alcohol, responses of parietal pial arterioles to systemic hypoxia and hypercapnia were measured using a cranial window technique. In separate experiments, rats were subjected to right middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 2 h under ketamine/xylazine or isoflurane anesthesia. Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was monitored through a Laser-Doppler flow probe attached to the lateral aspect of the skull. Neurological evaluation and ischemic lesion were assessed 24 h after reperfusion. Dilation of pial arterioles in response to hypoxia and hypercapnia was significantly reduced in alcohol-fed rats. Alcohol-fed rats had significantly larger infarct volumes and worse neurological outcomes than non-alcohol-fed rats under ketamine/xylazine or isoflurane anesthesia. In addition, rCBF measurement indicated that alcohol-fed rats had less regulatory rebound increase in rCBF after the initial drop in rCBF at the onset of MCAO. Our findings suggest that chronic alcohol consumption exacerbates transient focal ischemia-induced brain damage. Increased ischemic brain damage during alcohol consumption may be related to an impaired cerebral vasoreactivity.
    Brain Research 03/2008; 1194:73-80. · 2.83 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Denise M Arrick, William G Mayhan
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Our goals were to determine whether acute exposure to nicotine alters neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)-dependent reactivity of cerebral arterioles and to identify a potential role for oxidative stress in nicotine-induced impairment in nNOS-dependent responses of cerebral arterioles. We measured in vivo diameter of cerebral arterioles to nNOS-dependent (N-methyl-d-aspartate and kainate) and -independent (nitroglycerin) agonists before and during acute treatment with nicotine. We found that nNOS-dependent, but not -independent, vasodilatation was impaired during treatment with nicotine. In addition, treatment of the cerebral microcirculation with tempol (1 h before infusion of nicotine) prevented nicotine-induced impairment in nNOS-dependent vasodilatation. Furthermore, the production of superoxide anion (lucigenin chemiluminescence) was increased in parietal cortex tissue of rats by treatment with nicotine, and this increase in superoxide anion production could be inhibited by tempol. Our findings suggest that acute exposure to nicotine impairs nNOS-dependent dilatation of cerebral arterioles by a mechanism that appears to be related to the formation of superoxide anion.
    Journal of Applied Physiology 01/2008; 103(6):2062-7. · 3.43 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Our goals were to determine whether Type 1 diabetes (T1D) alters neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)-dependent reactivity of cerebral arterioles and to identify a potential role for oxidative stress in T1D-induced impairment in nNOS-dependent responses of cerebral arterioles. Rats were injected with vehicle (sodium citrate buffer) or streptozotocin (50 mg/kg IP) to induce T1D. Two to three months later, we measured functional responses of cerebral arterioles to nNOS-dependent (NMDA and kainate) and -independent (nitroglycerin) agonists in nondiabetic and diabetic rats before and during inhibition of oxidative stress using tempol (100 microM). In addition, we measured superoxide anion production under basal conditions, during stimulation with NMDA and kainate, and during treatment with tempol. We found that nNOS-dependent, but -independent, vasodilatation was impaired in diabetic compared to nondiabetic rats. In addition, treatment of the cerebral microcirculation with tempol restored impaired nNOS-dependent vasodilatation in diabetic rats toward that observed in nondiabetic rats. Furthermore, the production of superoxide anion (lucigenin chemiluminescence) was increased in parietal cortical tissue of diabetic rats under basal conditions. Application of NMDA and kainate did not increase superoxide anion production in nondiabetic or diabetic rats. However, tempol decreased basal production of superoxide anion in diabetic rats. Our findings suggest that T1D impairs nNOS-dependent dilatation of cerebral arterioles by a mechanism that appears to be related to the formation of superoxide anion.
    Brain Research 01/2008; 1184:365-71. · 2.83 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Our goal was to identify the role of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in cerebrovascular dysfunction in Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). In a first series of studies, rats were assigned to nondiabetic and diabetic (streptozotocin; 50 mg/kg IP) groups. Two to three months after injection of streptozotocin, we examine in vivo responses of pial arterioles to nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent (adenosine diphosphate (ADP), acetylcholine and histamine) and -independent (nitroglycerin) agonists. After the initial examination of reactivity to the agonists, we treated pial arterioles acutely with an inhibitor of PARP (PJ-34; 1 microM), and then we again examined responses to the agonists. In a second series of studies, we examine superoxide production (lucigenin chemiluminescence) by parietal cortex tissue in nondiabetic and diabetic rats. We found that dilation of pial arterioles in response to ADP, acetylcholine and histamine, but not to nitroglycerin, was impaired in diabetic compared to nondiabetic rats. In addition, although PJ-34 did not alter responses in nondiabetic rats, PJ-34 alleviated T1D-induced impairment of NOS-dependent vasodilation. We also found that basal production of superoxide was increased in diabetic compared to nondiabetic rats and that PJ-34 decreased this basal production of superoxide. Our findings suggest that T1D impairs NOS-dependent reactivity of cerebral arterioles by a mechanism that appears to be related to the formation of superoxide via activation of PARP.
    Microvascular Research 02/2007; 73(1):1-6. · 2.43 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

183 Citations
64.37 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center Shreveport
      • Department of Cellular Biology and Anatomy
      Shreveport, Louisiana, United States
  • 2011
    • Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center New Orleans
      • Department of Medicine
      Baton Rouge, LA, United States
  • 2008–2011
    • University of Nebraska Medical Center
      • Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology
      Omaha, Nebraska, United States
  • 2006–2011
    • University of Nebraska at Omaha
      • Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology
      Omaha, NE, United States