Beihua Kong

Shandong University, Chi-nan-shih, Shandong Sheng, China

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Publications (111)321.18 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Conventional optical cytometric techniques usually measure fluorescence or scattering signals at fixed angles from flowing cells in a liquid stream. Here we develop a novel cytometer that employs a scanning optical fiber to illuminate single static cells on a glass slide, which requires neither microfluidic fabrication nor flow control. This static cytometric technique measures two dimensional (2D) light scattering patterns via a small numerical aperture (0.25) microscope objective for label-free single cell analysis. Good agreement is obtained between the yeast cell experimental and Mie theory simulated patterns. It is demonstrated that the static cytometer with a microscope objective of a low resolution around 1.30 μm has the potential to perform high resolution analysis on yeast cells with distributed sizes. The capability of the static cytometer for size determination with submicron resolution is validated via measurements on standard microspheres with mean diameters of 3.87 and 4.19 μm. Our 2D light scattering static cytometric technique may provide an easy-to-use, label-free, and flow-free method for single cell diagnostics. © 2015 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry. © 2015 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry.
    Cytometry Part A 06/2015; DOI:10.1002/cyto.a.22713 · 3.07 Impact Factor
  • Cellular & molecular immunology 06/2015; DOI:10.1038/cmi.2015.41 · 4.19 Impact Factor
  • Lijie Wang, Beihua Kong
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    ABSTRACT: Studies investigating the association between matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP1) gene promoter 1607-base pair (bp) polymorphism and ovarian cancer risk have yielded conflicting results. We therefore carried out a meta-analysis of 754 ovarian cancer cases and 1184 controls from 5 published case-control studies. The strength of the association between MMP1 1607-bp polymorphism and ovarian cancer susceptibility was calculated using pooled odds ratios (ORs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The results suggest that no statistically significant associations exist between MMP1 1607-bp polymorphisms and ovarian cancer risk in all 4 genetic models (2G2G vs 1G1G: OR, 1.08; 95% CI, 0.81-1.43; P = 0.23; 1G2G vs 1G1G: OR, 1.06; 95% CI, 0.82-1.36; P = 0.15; 1G2G + 2G2G vs 1G1G: OR, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.83-1.34; P = 0.16; 2G2G vs 1G1G + 1G2G: OR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.80-1.20; P = 0.84). In summary, this meta-analysis showed that the MMP1 1607-bp polymorphism is not associated with ovarian cancer risk.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 05/2015; DOI:10.1097/IGC.0000000000000463 · 1.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome is a syndrome rarely caused by leiomyomas. Elevated CA125 usually suggests malignancy of the ovary. No reported case of pseudo-Meigs' syndrome presenting with necrosis and mucinous degeneration of uterine cellular leiomyomas (CLs) and an elevated CA125 level was found upon a PubMed search. A 37-year-old woman presenting with massive ascites, bilateral pleural effusions and a pelvic mass measuring 20x18x10 cm is described. The pre-operative serum CA125 was 920.4 U/ml. After total abdominal hysterectomy and partial omentumectomy, the final pathologic diagnosis was CL with focal hemorrhage, necrosis and mucinous degeneration. The ascites and pleural effusion disappeared, and the CA125 level returned to normal in one month. Benign leiomyoma accompanied by pseudo-Meigs' syndrome and elevated serum CA125 can mimic a pelvic malignancy.
    Oncology Reports 04/2015; DOI:10.3892/or.2015.3912 · 2.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Struma ovarii is an uncommon ovarian teratoma comprised predominantly of mature thyroid tissue. The combination of pseudo-Meigs' syndrome, and elevation of CA 125 to the struma ovarii is a rare condition that can mimic ovarian malignancy. We reported a case of benign struma ovarii, presenting with the clinical features of advanced ovarian carcinoma: complex pelvic mass, gross ascites, bilateral pleural effusion and markedly elevated serum CA 125 levels. The patient underwent total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Ascites and pleural effusion were not evident and the CA 125 levels returned to normal following surgical excision. A systematic review of reported cases of coexistent benign struma ovarii, pseudo-Meigs' syndrome and elevated serum CA 125 was performed. Struma ovarii accompanied by pseudo-Meigs' syndrome and elevated serum CA 125 should be considered in the differential diagnosis of ovarian epithelial cancer.
    Oncology letters 02/2015; 9(4). DOI:10.3892/ol.2015.2927 · 0.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ovarian cancer is a highly invasive cancer with poor prognosis. Previous studies have revealed lots of connections between the invasiveness and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is common during the progression of ovarian cancer. MDC1, a mediator of DNA damage checkpoint, has recently been implicated as a potential oncogene. Here, in this article, we studied the role of MDC1 in ovarian cancer metastasis. First, in tissue samples, we found that high expression level of MDC1 was correlated with poor prognosis. Furthermore, MDC1 overexpression in ovarian cancer cells significantly increased migration and invasion. In contrast, silencing MDC1 reversed these processes. Consistently, nude mice xenograft confirmed that silencing MDC1 suppressed tumor metastasis in vivo. We further demonstrated that MDC1 induced EMT through modulation EMT markers such as E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and vimentin. Taken together, our findings suggest that MDC1 promotes ovarian cancer metastasis through the induction of EMT.
    Tumor Biology 01/2015; DOI:10.1007/s13277-015-3063-5 · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Current research has strongly proposed that contrary to prior beliefs, many ovarian epithelial cancers (OECs) do not, as their name suggests, originate in the ovaries. Recent findings regarding both high-grade and low-grade serous carcinomas has implicated the fallopian tube as a cell source for these OECs, but until now, there has been little insight into the cellular source for clear cell and endometrioid carcinomas. In this commentary review article, we aimed to discuss the new findings that support the possible contribution from the fallopian tube in clear cell and endometrioid carcinomas. Specifically, we have provided results that showcased ovarian surface epithelia (OSE) and ovarian epithelial inclusions (OEIs) as having mesothelial and tubal origins and have strongly recognized the secondary müllerian system and the ability for tubal epithelia to implant upon the ovarian surface as contributing to fallopian tube-derived OEIs (F-OEIs). We have provided initial indications of these F-OEIs and their relationship to endometriosis and then clear cell and endometrioid carcinomas and subsequently offer our new proposal of a probable tubal origin. This new proposal is a paradigm that drastically changes the understanding behind the origin of these OECs and has significant clinical implications in the near future.
    American Journal of Cancer Research 01/2015; 5(3):869-79. · 3.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ovarian cancer causes more deaths than any other malignant tumor of the female reproductive system. This is because the condition usually goes undetected until the late stages. The purpose of the present study is to identify alterations in the serum proteome profile during the development of ovarian cancer and to provide an experimental basis for discovering new and valuable serum biomarkers for the early detection of ovarian carcinoma. Surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (SELDI-TOF-MS) was used to profile changes in the serum proteome of Fischer 344 rats with ovarian cancer during the progress of tumor development. Sera were collected from the rats on day A (1 week before injection of tumor cells), day B (4 weeks after injection), and day C (6 weeks after injection). Each sample was subjected to SELDI-TOF-MS testing. Peak detection and alignment and selection of peaks with the highest discriminatory power were performed using proteinchip biomarker software. Decision tree analyses were performed using biomarker pattern software. Finally, 3 peaks were found to be the most valuable ones (3759, 4659 and 9318 Da). The expression frequency of m/z 3759-Da peaks was downregulated and another two frequencies (4659 and 9318 Da) were upregulated, and the levels of expression of these three proteins showed the same tendency as the expression frequency during the development of ovarian cancer. The total accuracy rate of diagnosis at 4 and 6 weeks post-injection was 94.7 and 97.3%, respectively. Profiling the serum proteome changes during the process of the cancer development using SELDI-TOF-MS may provide useful information regarding carcinogenesis and facilitate discovery of novel serum biomarkers for early detection.
    International Journal of Oncology 12/2014; 45(6):2495-501. DOI:10.3892/ijo.2014.2675 · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Uterine smooth muscle tumors (USMTs) constitute a group of histologic, genetic, and clinical heterogeneous tumors that include at least 6 major histologically defined tumor types: leiomyoma (ULM), mitotically active leiomyoma (MALM), cellular leiomyoma (CLM), atypical leiomyoma (ALM), uncertain malignant potential (STUMP), and leiomyosarcoma (LMS). Apart from ULM and LMS, the nature of these variants is not well defined. METHODS: A total of 167 cases of different USMT variants were collected, reviewed, and diagnostically confirmed based on the World Health Organization and Stanford schemes. These included 38 cases of LMS, 18 cases of STUMP, 42 cases of ALM, 22 cases of CLM, 7 cases of MALM, and 40 cases of ULM. Molecular analysis included selected microRNAs (miRNAs), oncogenes, and tumor suppressors that are highly relevant to USMT. RESULTS: Overall, 49% (17/35) of LMS cases and 7% (1/14) of STUMP cases died due to their USMT, but no deaths were attributed to ALM. miRNA profiling revealed that ALM and LMS shared similar miRNA signatures. P53 mutations and PTEN deletions were significantly higher in LMS, ALM, and STUMP compared with other USMT variants (P<.01). In contrast, MED12 mutations were extremely common in ULM and MALM (>74%) but were significantly less common (<15%) in CLM, ALM, STUMP, and LMS (P<.01). CONCLUSION: Six types of USMT have different gene mutation fingerprints. ALM shares many molecular alterations with LMS. Our findings suggest that ALM may be a precursor lesion of LMS or have similar genetic changes during its early stage. (C) 2014 American Cancer Society.
    Cancer 10/2014; 120(20). DOI:10.1002/cncr.28900 · 4.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: High-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC), the most common and aggressive subtype of epithelial ovarian cancer, is characterized by TP53 mutations and genetic instability. Using miRNA profiling analysis, we found that miR-145, a p53 regulated miRNA, was frequently down-regulated in HGSOC. miR-145 down-regulation was further validated in a large cohort of HGSOCs by qPCR. Overexpression of miR-145 in ovarian cancer cells significantly suppressed proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro and inhibited tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. Metadherin (MTDH) was subsequently identified as a direct target of miR-145, and was found to be significantly up-regulated in HGSOC. Furthermore, overexpression of MTDH rescued the inhibitory effects of miR-145 in ovarian cancer cells. Finally, we found that high level of MTDH expression correlated with poor prognosis of HGSOC. Therefore, lack of suppression of MTDH by miR-145 when p53 is dysfunctional leads to increased tumor growth and metastasis of HGSOC. Our study established a new link between p53, miR-145 and MTDH in the regulation of tumor growth and metastasis in HGSOC.
    Oncotarget 10/2014; · 6.63 Impact Factor
  • G. Feng, B. Kong, J. Xing, J. Chen
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    ABSTRACT: Aim To describe how pegylated glucose-coated gold nanoparticles (PEG-Glu-GNPs) can help improve computed tomography (CT) imaging. Materials and methods PEG-Glu-GNPs were designed for use as an imaging nanoprobe to act an effective contrast agent for both CT and PET scans. Twelve BALB/c mice were divided into two groups: mice with injected with PEG-Glu-GNPs and control mice. The mice were examined using high-resolution micro-CT at different time intervals (24 h, 7 days, and 15 days) after the injection of the particles. Greyscale density and CT attenuation values were determined to trace the excretion of the particles over time. Results Tumour contours were easily distinguished from surrounding tissue in mice injected with PEG-Glu-GNPs but not controls. This distinction was still visible at 7 days, but not at 15 days post-injection. Conclusion Molecular imaging technology has enabled the development of a new generation of imaging probes. These sophisticated probes can visualize biological processes or enable early diagnosis of diseases in vivo. Compared to conventional CT images and PET scans, PEG-Glu-GNPs significantly improved image quality at the cellular and molecular level, which can significantly aid the early detection of cancer or cancer metastases.
    Clinical Radiology 07/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.crad.2014.05.112 · 1.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pharmacokinetics and bio-distribution are crucial factors affecting the performance of an intravenous drug. In this study, we explore the combined use of glucose and polyethylene glycol (PEG) ligands to further improve gold nanoparticle (GNP) pharmacokinetics and bio-distribution, with the aim of using the drug for in-vivo radiotherapy. The inclusion of PEG was found to significantly prolong the half-life period, where PEG-Glu-GNPs achieved 6.17 +/- 3.71 h, compared to 1.23 +/- 0.14 h for Glu-GNPs and 1.07 +/- 0.22 h for uncoated GNPs. Our data indicates that nanoparticle size impacts cell uptake performance, with 20 nm being the optimal diameter for cancer treatment applications. Although PEG-Glu-GNPs mainly distributed in the spleen, liver, lung, and kidneys, the concentration of PEG-Glu-GNPs in tumour tissue was 20 times higher than healthy cells in the uterus and ovaries, reaching 9.22 +/- 2.41 microg/g cancer tissue at 48 h after injection. This difference in uptake holds promise for selective tumor targeting which can in turn lead to more effective radiotherapy through the interaction of X-rays and GNPs. Specifically tumor size after 47 days of treatment had reduced to (769 +/- 92) mm3 compared to (1432 +/- 269) mm3 using X-rays alone and (3514 +/- 1818) mm3 without any treatment. Moreover, the mice remained healthy without statistically significant weight loss. Results of our pharmacokinetic and bio-distribution study as well as therapeutic data for PEG-Glu-GNPs in our tumor bearing animal model demonstrate that PEG-Glu-GNPs provide excellent in-vivo stability, tumor targeting function, and radiotherapeutic enhancement effects, providing useful insights for further clinical studies.
    Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology 07/2014; 10(7):1205-16. DOI:10.1166/jbn.2014.1855 · 7.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Serous endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma is often associated with extrauterine disease. It is currently unclear where does the extrauterine disease come from. This study addressed this issue. A total of 135 samples from 21 serous endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma patients were studied. Cellular lineage relationships between intrauterine and extrauterine serous carcinomas were determined by TP53-mutation analysis and correlated to the clinicopathologic features. There were three conditions contributing the extrauterine disease: metastasis from serous endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma (n=10) showed identical TP53 mutation between intrauterine lesions and extrauterine disease, cases of adnexal origin (n=5) had discordant TP53 mutations, and the mixed cellular origin cases (n=6) with both identical and discordant mutation status. Patients with extrauterine disease from serous endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma metastasis typically had small tumor masses (<2 cm) in extrauterine sites and without finding of serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma, while extrauterine disease with adnexal or tubal origin commonly had larger tumor masses in extrauterine sites including ovary and omentum and serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma. The majority of extrauterine diseases associated with serous endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma are metastasized from the endometrium. Serous endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma is frequently associated with serous cancers of adnexal or tubal origin, indicating that endometrial and adnexal or tubal serous cancers may share similar etiologies. TP53-mutation analysis provides a strong linkage for cellular lineage analysis. Tumor size in extrauterine disease and presence of serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma or not are useful clinicopathologic features to determine primary cancer site, which helps in clinical management.Modern Pathology advance online publication, 13 June 2014; doi:10.1038/modpathol.2014.76.
    Modern Pathology 06/2014; 28(1). DOI:10.1038/modpathol.2014.76 · 6.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: High-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC) is a fatal disease, and its grave outcome is largely due to widespread metastasis at the time of diagnosis. Current chemotherapies reduce tumor burden, but they do not provide long term benefits for cancer patients. The aggressive tumor growth and metastatic behavior characteristic of these tumors demand novel treatment options such as anti-microRNA treatment which is emerging as a potential modality for cancer therapy. MicroRNA-182 (miR-182) overexpression contributes to aggressive ovarian cancer, largely by its negative regulation of multiple tumor suppressor genes involved in tumor growth, invasion, metastasis, and DNA instability. In this study, we examined the therapeutic potential of anti-miR-182 utilizing the animal orthotopic model to mimic human ovarian cancer using ovarian cancer cells SKOV3 (intrabursal xenografts) and OVCAR3 (IP injection). These models provide a valuable model system for the investigation of ovarian cancer therapy in vivo. Through a combination of imaging, histological, and molecular analyses, we found that anti-miR-182 treatment can significantly reduce tumor burden (size), local invasion, and distant metastasis compared to its control in both models. The bases of anti-miR-182 treatment are mainly through the restoration of miR-182 target expression, including but not limited to BRCA1, FOXO3a, HMGA2 and MTSS1. Overall, our results strongly suggest that anti-miR-182 can potentially be used as a therapeutic modality in treating HGSOC.
    Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 05/2014; 13(7). DOI:10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-13-0982 · 6.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The over-expression of leptin is a crucial feature for the maintenance of pregnancy. The effects of leptin on trophoblasts invasion are important to its reproductive function, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. MMP14 is a member of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family that is closely involved in the invasion process. Here, we characterized the importance of MMP14 in the pro-invasion effect of leptin on EVT cells and elucidated its molecular mechanisms. Transwell assay revealed that leptin promoted invasion of the immortalized EVT cell line HTR-8/SVneo in a dose- and time-related fashion. Further studies suggested that leptin enhanced HTR-8/SVneo cells invasion by up-regulating MMP14 expression, and knockdown of MMP14 by small interference RNA (siRNA) blocked the pro-invasion effect of leptin. Notably, leptin promoted the expression of Notch1 receptor and activated its signaling in HTR-8/SVneo cells, and blocking this pathway by siRNA inhibited both leptin-enhanced MMP14 expression and invasiveness of HTR-8/SVneo cells. Such effects of Notch1 signaling were related with the activation of PI3K/Akt pathway, which was significantly activated after leptin stimulation and was interfered by Notch1 signaling perturbation. Taken together, our observations suggest that leptin is an effective regulator of MMP14 expression, which consequently plays critical roles in invasion of EVT cells. The promoting effects of leptin on MMP14 require the crosstalk between Notch1 and PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.
    Biology of Reproduction 02/2014; 90(4). DOI:10.1095/biolreprod.113.114876 · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ovarian cancer, particularly high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HG-SOC), is still the main cause of death among gynecological malignancies. However, the molecular mechanisms related to its malignant biological behavior are still unclear. Recent studies indicate that microRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in tumor metastasis. Here, we report that miR-1236-3p expression was downregulated in HG-SOC when compared to that in normal fallopian tube tissue. Manipulation of miR-1236-3p significantly influenced the morphology, migration and invasion of ovarian cancer cell lines (A2780 and SKOV3). With dual-luciferase reporter assay, we demonstrated that miR‑1236-3p binds to the 3'UTR of zinc-finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) mRNA, and functions as a negative regulator of ZEB1. Furthermore, we revealed that manipulation of miR-1236-3p modulates ZEB1 expression and influences expression of its downstream genes E-cadherin and N-cadherin at both the mRNA and protein levels. We also found an inverse relationship between miR‑1236-3p and ZEB1 expression in the HG-SOC tissue samples. Taken together, our results indicate that miR-1236-3p regulates ovarian cancer metastasis by directly targeting ZEB1, and it may play an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cancer.
    Oncology Reports 02/2014; 31(4). DOI:10.3892/or.2014.3046 · 2.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The existence of Tc17 cells was recently shown in several types of infectious and autoimmune diseases, but their distribution and functions in uterine cervical cancer (UCC) have not been fully elucidated. The frequency of Tc17 cells in peripheral blood samples obtained from UCC patients, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) patients and healthy controls was determined by flow cytometry. Besides, the prevalence of Tc17 cells and their relationships to Th17 cells and Foxp3-expressing T cells as well as microvessels in tissue samples of the patients were assessed by immunohistochemistry staining. Compared to controls, patients with UCC or CIN had a higher proportion of Tc17 cells in both peripheral blood and cervical tissues, but the level of Tc17 cells in UCC tissues was significantly higher than that in CIN tissues. Besides, the increased level of Tc17 in UCC patients was associated with the status of pelvic lymph node metastases and increased microvessel density. Finally, significant correlations of infiltration between Tc17 cells and Th17 cells or Foxp3-expressing T cells were observed in UCC and CIN tissues. This study indicates that Tc17 cell infiltration in cervical cancers is associated with cancer progression accompanied by increased infiltrations of Th17 cells and regulatory T cells as well as promoted tumor vasculogenesis.
    PLoS ONE 02/2014; 9(2):e86812. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0086812 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This meta-analysis was designed to assess the overall performance of GnRHa in preserving the ovarian function in young women undergoing chemotherapy. Electronic literature databases including Pubmed, MEDLINE, Cochrane library, Embase, CNKI and Wanfang were searched for articles published till November, 2013. The articles written in both Chinese and English were considered. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were selected. Main Outcome Measure was evaluated by assessing the post‑chemotherapy ovarian function. A random-effects model was used to calculate the risk ratio (RR) and associated 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Out of the eight RCTs including 621 patients, 321 women were treated with GnRHa during chemotherapy, 9.66% of whom suffered premature ovarian failure (POF). On the other hand, 26.67% of the remaining 300 women suffered POF. More women treated without GnRHa experienced post-chemotherapy POF, yielding an RR of 0.45 [chemotherapy plus GnRHa vs. chemotherapy alone, 95% confidence interval (CI) (0.22, 0.92)]. Based on the available studies, GnRHa plays an important role in the prevention of post-chemotherapy POF, but does not exhibit its protective effects in fertility.
    International Journal of Oncology 02/2014; DOI:10.3892/ijo.2014.2296 · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Most patients diagnosed with endometrial carcinoma are postmenopausal. About 20% of newly diagnosed cases occur in premenopausal women; 5% of cases are diagnosed before the age of 40 years. The prognosis for early-stage endometrial carcinoma is much better for women younger than 40 years compared with postmenopausal women. In a large population-based study, the 5-year disease-specific survival rate was 93% in women younger than 40 years. Increased survival for younger patients appears to be due to the high percentage of early-stage, low-grade tumors in this population. The standard treatment for both localized and advanced disease in patients with early-stage, well-differentiated endometrial cancer is total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, often accompanied by lymphadenectomy. This regimen is recommended routinely for patients with endometrial cancer irrespective of the patient’s age and the stage of the tumor. The use of bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy in patients of reproductive age is highly controversial because of the high survival rate in young patients with early-stage low-grade disease and the desire of these patients to avoid surgical menopause. Studies are needed to examine the safety of ovarian conservation for young women with early-stage endometrial cancer. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the effect of ovarian preservation on overall survival among young women with early-stage endometrial cancer and to assess the feasibility of ovarian preservation in this population. Data were obtained by retrospective chart review of medical records from 203 women who were 45 years or younger at the time of diagnosis. All patients were treated at 2 medical centers. Most uterine tumors in these patients were early-stage (82.3%), low-grade (66.5%), and endometrioid carcinomas (97.5%). All patients with ovarian preservation had early-stage tumors. Comparison groups were patients who underwent oophorectomy and those whose ovaries were retained. Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess survival, and Kaplan-Meier curves were generated to examine overall survival based on whether oophorectomy was performed. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify independent risk factors for a coexistent ovarian malignancy. A meta-analysis was performed to further investigate the effect of organ preservation on survival and possible independent risk factors that affect survival. Of the 203 patients, 169 (83.3%) underwent bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy; among the 34 (16.3%) remaining patients, 20 had both ovaries preserved, and 14 had a single ovary preserved. Analysis of the Kaplan-Meier curve and the Cox proportional hazards models showed that ovarian preservation had no effect on overall patient survival. With multivariate analysis, the most significant risk factor for ovarian involvement was intraoperative extrauterine disease. Meta-analysis validated these findings. These findings show that organ preservation in young patients who have early-stage endometrial cancer has no significant impact on their overall survival. The authors recommend that the ovaries of these young women should be preserved after an extensive preoperative evaluation and intraoperative exploration.
    Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey 02/2014; 69(2):87-88. DOI:10.1097/01.ogx.0000444680.74010.4c · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to characterize the clinical significance of GMFG, a novel ADF/cofilin superfamily protein, and investigate its role in cell migration and invasion in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). The expression of GMFG in EOC tissues and ovarian cancer cell lines was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting respectively. The data were statistically analyzed for the associations of GMFG expression with clinicopathologic parameters and survival. In vitro cell migration and invasion assays were performed to determine the role of GMFG in cell migratory behaviors. The effect of GMFG on reorganization of actin cytoskeleton was investigated by immunostaining. GMFG was overexpressed in EOC. Up-regulated GMFG expression was closely correlated with advanced FIGO stage and chemoresistance of the disease. EOC patients with higher GMFG expression showed poorer progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). In vitro cellular assays revealed that GMFG promoted cell migration and invasion. GMFG expression altered actin cytoskeleton organization probably by interacting with Arp2/3 complex. GMFG expression independently predicts poorer prognosis in patients with EOC. Ectopic overexpression of GMFG contributes to the malignant biological behavior of ovarian cancer cells.
    Gynecologic Oncology 01/2014; 132(3). DOI:10.1016/j.ygyno.2014.01.044 · 3.69 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

868 Citations
321.18 Total Impact Points


  • 2002–2015
    • Shandong University
      • School of Medicine
      Chi-nan-shih, Shandong Sheng, China
  • 2014
    • Northwestern University
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Evanston, Illinois, United States
  • 2009–2014
    • University of Jinan (Jinan, China)
      Chi-nan-shih, Shandong Sheng, China
    • University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
      San Antonio, Texas, United States
  • 2013
    • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
      Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China
  • 2011–2013
    • The University of Arizona
      • • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      • • Department of Pathology
      Tucson, Arizona, United States
  • 2011–2012
    • University of Alberta
      • Department of Biomedical Engineering
      Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  • 2007
    • The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
      • Department of Physics
      Chiu-lung, Kowloon City, Hong Kong