Hyuck Moon Kwon

Yonsei University Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

Are you Hyuck Moon Kwon?

Claim your profile

Publications (72)158.55 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim: In addition to type 2 diabetes, an elevated Lp(a) level is known to be a surrogate biomarker of cardiovascular disease. However, recent studies have demonstrated that the Lp(a) levels are lower in type 2 diabetic patients than in non-diabetic subjects. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the prognostic value of elevated lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] in type 2 diabetic patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods: A total of 1494 diabetic patients with CAD (62.3% men, mean age: 63.5±10.3 years) were enrolled. CAD was diagnosed using invasive coronary angiography, and laboratory values for lipid parameters, including Lp(a), were obtained on the day of coronary angiography. The patients were divided into tertile groups according to the individual Lp(a) level. The baseline characteristics, coronary angiographic findings, duration of follow-up and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) were recorded.Results: Over a mean follow-up period of 4.4±2.6 years, there were 59 MACEs (35 cardiac deaths and 24 cases of non-fatal myocardial infarction), for an event rate of 3.9%. A survival probability plot according to the Lp(a) tertile revealed that an elevated Lp(a) level was associated with a worse prognosis (p=0.008), after adjusting for age, gender, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking and the extent of CAD. Furthermore, the addition of an elevated Lp(a) level to the reference model improved the integrated discrimination improvement (0.0216, p<0.001), continuous net reclassification improvement (NRI) (0.5721, p=0.012) and NRI (0.1549, p=0.004) values.Conclusions: In terms of the prognosis, elevated Lp(a) is associated with worse outcomes in type 2 diabetic patients with symptomatic CAD. Furthermore, an elevated Lp(a) level has incremental prognostic value in type 2 diabetic patients with symptomatic CAD.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis. 11/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent of neointimal response after the implantation of a second-generation drug-eluting stent, zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES-ER, Endeavor Resolute) or everolimus-eluting stent (EES, Xience V), using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in diabetic patients. In all, 154 diabetic patients with de-novo coronary lesions were randomized to be implanted with a ZES-ER or EES, and the angiographic follow-up at 9 months combined with a complete IVUS study was available for 96 patients with 101 lesions. Baseline demographic and lesion parameters were similar in both groups at index percutaneous coronary intervention. On follow-up angiography, in-stent late lumen loss and minimal lumen diameter were not different between the two groups. On IVUS study, neointimal hyperplasia volume [median (interquartile range): ZES-ER vs. EES; 2.25 mm (0.57-6.25) vs. 1.59 mm (0.45-8.37), P=0.615] and in-stent percentage of volume obstruction [median (interquartile range): ZES-ER vs. EES; 1.16% (0.33-3.61) vs. 0.77% (0.29-4.01), P=0.615] showed similar results between the two groups. In diabetic patients, the second-generation drug-eluting stents, ZES-ER and EES, were comparable in inhibiting neointimal proliferation.
    Coronary artery disease. 11/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background The three-dimensional (3D) dynamic change of mitral geometry during preload manipulation has not been fully investigated. We investigated how preload manipulation affected the mitral apparatus geometry in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients using 3D echocardiography.Methods and ResultsTwenty five HCM patients, thirteen with obstructive HCM (HOCM) and twelve with nonobstructive HCM (HNCM), and six healthy controls were studied. Subjects underwent 3D echocardiography during rest, leg raising, the Valsalva maneuver, and the Valsalva maneuver after nitroglycerin intake (NTG-Valsalva). Left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) pressure gradients, mitral annular area, annular circumference, and the tenting volume of the mitral leaflets were measured. Standardized annular area significantly decreased during the NTG-Valsalva maneuver in all 3 groups (▵2.23 mm2/m2 in control, P = 0.031; ▵0.46 mm2/m2 in HNCM, P = 0.012; ▵1.3 mm2/m2 in HOCM, P = 0.013). Standardized annular area decrease during the Valsalva maneuver alone was more prominent in HNCM patients (▵0.57 mm2/m2, P = 0.009) than HOCM patients (▵0.3 mm2/m2, P = 0.094). Standardized mitral tenting volume during the NTG-Valsalva maneuver significantly decreased only in HOCM patients (▵1.18 mm3/m2, P = 0.046).Conclusion Decreased mitral annular area and changes in leaflets tenting volume during preload reduction might affect the development of LVOT obstruction. Our data suggest the importance of preserving the saddle-shaped of the mitral annulus in management of HCM with LVOT obstruction.
    Echocardiography 11/2014; · 1.26 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Plasma lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A₂ (Lp-PLA₂) binds to low-density lipoprotein. The levels of Lp-PLA₂ reflect the plaque burden, and are upregulated in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We investigated the diagnostic value of Lp-PLA2 levels and found that it might be a potential biomarker for ACS.
    Yonsei medical journal. 11/2014; 55(6):1507-15.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Dynamic left ventricular (LV) outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction (DLVOTO) is not infrequently observed in older individuals without overt hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We sought to investigate associated geometric changes and then evaluate their clinical characteristics.
    Cardiovascular ultrasound. 07/2014; 12(1):23.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Myocardial ischemia may be present even when there is no significant stenosis of the epicardial coronary artery, or after coronary angioplasty for significant coronary artery disease. This phenomenon is related to disturbance of the coronary microcirculation or vasomotor tone. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of clinical and RBC hemorheological factors, such as RBC deformability and aggregation, on myocardial perfusion in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) when compared to patients without DM, presenting with stable angina or acute coronary syndrome. Myocardial perfusion was graded using the myocardial blush grade (MBG) which describes the relative "blush" or intensity of the radio-opacity of myocardial tissue observed after an epicardial coronary injection of contrast medium during coronary angiography. MBG was counted before any medical or mechanical intervention, and in the myocardial territory without anatomical flow limitation (<50% of luminal narrowing on coronary angiogram), in order to remove the direct influence of anatomical stenosis. Myocardial perfusion in this region was associated with diabetes, renal function, LV diastolic function, inflammatory biomarkers such as hs-CRP, fibrinogen, and ESR, but not with the clinical presentation. Among the hemorheological parameters, reduced myocardial perfusion was linked to increased RBC aggregation, but not to variation in RBC deformability. In conclusion, myocardial perfusion was affected by diabetes, left ventricular diastolic function, and inflammatory activity indicated by clinical parameters, and by the hemorheological factor RBC aggregation.
    Biorheology 06/2014; · 1.29 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Contrast enhanced multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) has been used as an alternative to coronary angiography for the assessment of coronary artery disease in the patient of the intermediate risk group. However, coronary calcium is a known limiting factor for MDCT evaluation. We investigated the diagnostic accuracy of 64-channel MDCT with each coronary artery calcium score (CACS) by compared with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging. A total of 54 symptomatic patients with intermediate-risk (10 females, mean age 59.9±6.9 years, Framingham point scores 9-20) with 162 sites who had a culprit lesion on 64-channel MDCT before performing coronary angiography with IVUS were enrolled. Patients were divided into 4 subgroups depending on CACS: 0, 1-99, 100-399, and >400. Lesion length, external elastic membrane (EEM) cross sectional area (CSA), minimal luminal area, and plaque area were measured and compared between IVUS and MDCT. The correlation coefficients for the measurements of the EEM CSA, lumen CSA, and plaque area were r=0.514, r=0.837, and r=0.578, respectively. Furthermore, there were close correlation of plaque area between four subgroups of CACS (r=0.671, r=0.623, r=0.562, r=0.571, respectively). Despite the increase in CACS, the geometric analysis of coronary arteries using with 64-channel MDCT was comparable with IVUS in symptomatic patient of the intermediate risk group.
    Yonsei medical journal 05/2014; 55(3):599-605. · 0.77 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Home blood pressure (HBP) measurements are known as an important adjunct to office blood pressure (OBP) measurements in clinical practice. But little is known about the relationship between HBP and subclinical target organ damage (TOD) other than left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). So we investigated the relationship of HBP measurements with subclinical TOD in untreated hypertensive patients.
    04/2014;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We sought to investigate the influence of the extent of myocardial injury on left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function in patients after reperfused acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Thirty-eight reperfused AMI patients underwent cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging after percutaneous coronary revascularization. The extent of myocardial edema and scarring were assessed by T2 weighted imaging and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) imaging, respectively. Within a day of CMR, echocardiography was done. Using 2D speckle tracking analysis, LV longitudinal, circumferential strain, and twist were measured. Extent of LGE were significantly correlated with LV systolic functional indices such as ejection fraction (r = -0.57, p < 0.001), regional wall motion score index (r = 0.52, p = 0.001), and global longitudinal strain (r = 0.56, p < 0.001). The diastolic functional indices significantly correlated with age (r = -0.64, p < 0.001), LV twist (r = -0.39, p = 0.02), average non-infarcted myocardial circumferential strain (r = -0.52, p = 0.001), and LV end-diastolic wall stress index (r = -0.47, p = 0.003 with e') but not or weakly with extent of LGE. In multivariate analysis, age and non-infarcted myocardial circumferential strain independently correlated with diastolic functional indices rather than extent of injury. In patients with timely reperfused AMI, not only extent of myocardial injury but also age and non-infarcted myocardial function were more significantly related to LV chamber diastolic function.
    Cardiovascular Ultrasound 02/2014; 12(1):6. · 1.32 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There are conflicting data on the use of cilostazol as triple antiplatelet therapy (TAPT) for improving clinical outcomes after drug-eluting stent implantation. We aimed to evaluate whether 3-month use of cilostazol in addition to dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) improved clinical outcomes in patients with long or multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) after biolimus-eluting stent (BES) implantation. Patients (n = 630) who had been successfully treated with BES implantation for lesions with ≥28 mm in stent length or ≥2 stents for different coronary arteries were enrolled in this prospective randomized multicenter trial. All patients were randomly assigned to receive either DAPT (aspirin and clopidogrel for 12 months, n = 314) or TAPT (DAPT plus 3-month cilostazol use, n = 316). The primary end point was a device-oriented composite consisting of cardiac death, myocardial infarction (not clearly attributable to a nontarget vessel), and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization at 1-year follow-up. A total of 314 patients in DAPT and 308 patients in TAPT were analyzed. Multivessel CAD was present in 65.7% of patients. Stents ≥28 mm in length were implanted in 58.1% of lesions. There were no significant differences in baseline and angiographic characteristics between the 2 groups. The primary end point was similar between the 2 groups (2.3% in DAPT vs 1.9% in TAPT, log-rank P = .799). In patients treated with BES implantation for long or multivessel CAD, 3 months of cilostazol use in addition to DAPT did not improve clinical outcome at 1-year follow-up.
    American heart journal 02/2014; 167(2):241-248.e1. · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We aimed to evaluate the mid-term outcomes of resolute zotarolimus-eluting stent (R-ZES) implantation for in-stent restenosis (ISR). There has been a paucity of data regarding the effects of new-generation drug-eluting stent to treat ISR. From 2009 to 2010, a total of 98 patients with 98 ISR lesions were prospectively enrolled after R-ZES implantation for the treatment of ISR. Among 98 patients, 73 patients underwent follow-up angiography at 9 months. Serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) at both postprocedure and 9 months was evaluated in 55 patients. The overlapped segment of R-ZES was defined as the portion of R-ZES superimposed on previous stent. Late loss and binary restenosis rate were 0.3 ± 0.5 mm and 5.5% at 9 months. On IVUS, the percentage of neointimal volume and maximum percentage of neointimal area were 3.9 ± 6.3% and 17.3 ± 15.5%, respectively. There was no significant change of vessel volume index between postprocedure and 9 months (16.9 ± 4.7 mm(3) /mm vs. 17.1 ± 4.6 mm(3) /mm, P = 0.251). Late-acquired incomplete stent apposition was observed in 5 (5/55, 9.1%) cases. Compared with nonoverlapped segments of R-ZES, the overlapped did not show larger neointimal volume index (0.3 ± 0.5 mm(3) /mm vs. 0.2 ± 0.3 mm(3) /mm, P = 0.187) on 9-month IVUS. During follow-up (median, 353 days), repeat target-lesion revascularization was performed in four cases, but there were no death or stent thrombosis. This study suggested that R-ZES implantation for the treatment of ISR was effective up to 9 months and showed favorable vascular responses on serial IVUS assessment.
    Journal of Interventional Cardiology 12/2013; 26(6):543-9. · 1.50 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It is a matter of debate whether metabolic syndrome (MS) improves cardiovascular risk prediction beyond the risk associated with its individual components. The present study examined the association of MS score with high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), resistin, adiponectin, and angiographic coronary artery disease (CAD) severity according to the presence of DM. In addition, the predictive value of various clinical and biochemical parameters were analyzed, including the MS score for angiographic CAD. The study enrolled 363 consecutive patients (196 men, 62 +/- 11 years of age) who underwent coronary angiography for evaluation of chest pain. Blood samples were taken prior to elective coronary angiography. MS was defined by the National Cholesterol Education Program criteria, with MS score defined as the numbers of MS components. CAD was defined as > 50% luminal diameter stenosis of at least one major epicardial coronary artery. CAD severity was assessed using the Gensini score. Of the 363 patients studied, 174 (48%) had CAD and 178 (49%) were diagnosed with MS. When the patients were divided into 4 subgroups according to MS score (0--1, 2, 3, 4--5), IL-6 levels and the CAD severity as assessed by the Gensini score increased as MS scores increased. In contrast, adiponectin levels decreased significantly as MS scores increased. When subjects were divided into two groups according to the presence of DM, the relationships between MS score and IL-6, adiponectin, and Gensini score were maintained only in patients without DM. Age, smoking, DM, MS score, and adiponectin independently predicted angiographic CAD in the whole population. However, age is the only predictor for angiographic CAD in patients with DM. In the presence of DM, neither adipokines nor MS score predicted angiographic CAD. However, in non-diabetic patients, IL-6 and adiponectin showed progressive changes according to MS score, and MS score was an independent predictor of CAD in patients without DM.
    Cardiovascular Diabetology 10/2013; 12(1):140. · 4.21 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigated the effect of the additional use of abciximab during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on the level of procoagulant microparticles (MPs) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who had undergone primary PCI. In this study, we studied 86 patients with STEMI (72 men, age 58±13) who had undergone primary PCI. The decision to administer abciximab immediately prior to PCI was left to the discretion of the operator. Blood samples for analysis of MPs were obtained from the femoral artery before and after PCI. MPs with procoagulant potential were measured using a commercial kit. The cellular origins of MPs were determined by antigenic capture with specific antibodies. Procoagulant MPs captured onto annexin V were not changed significantly after PCI {13.4±13.2 nM vs. 13.2±16.1 nM phosphatidylserine equivalent (PS eq), p=0.479}. Abciximab was used in 30 of 86 patients (35%) immediately prior to PCI. In patients who had undergone PCI without abciximab, no significant change in the level of MPs was observed after PCI. However, in the abciximab group, the level of circulating MPs was significantly decreased after PCI (12.0±10.7 nM vs. 7.8±11.7 nM PS eq, p=0.018). Levels of endothelial- and platelet-derived MPs also showed a significant reduction after PCI in the abciximab group. Primary PCI with additional abciximab significantly reduced the level of procoagulant MPs regardless of their cellular origins in patients with STEMI.
    Korean Circulation Journal 09/2013; 43(9):600-6.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study evaluates the clinical usefulness of T2 mapping for the detection of myocardial edema in the re-perfused acute myocardial infarction (MI). Cardiac MRIs were reviewed in 20 patients who had acute MI after reperfusion therapy. The regional T2 values and T2-weighted image (T2WI) signal intensities (SI) were measured in the infarcted and remote zones of the myocardium. Patients were divided into three groups according to the signal patterns of the infarcted myocardium on the T2WIs. The T2 values of the infarcted zones were compared on the T2 maps among the three groups. Validation of the T2 values was performed in the normal myocardium of seven healthy volunteers. There were no significant differences in mean T2WI-SI or T2 values in the normal myocardium of healthy volunteers compared to the remote myocardium of acute MI patients (p > 0.05). Mean SI on the T2WIs was significantly higher in the infarcted myocardium (81.3 ± 37.6) than in the remote myocardium (63.8 ± 18.1) (p < 0.05). The T2WIs showed high SI in ten patients (group 1), iso-SI in seven (group 2), and low SI in three (group 3) in the infarcted myocardium, compared to the remote myocardium. The T2 maps showed that T2 values in the infarcted myocardium had mostly increased, regardless of group, with values of 71 ± 9 ms in group 1, 64.9 ± 7.4 ms in group 2, and 61.4 ± 8.5 ms in group 3. T2 mapping is superior to T2WI for detecting areas of high SI in the infarcted myocardium. Therefore, quantitative T2 mapping sequences may be more useful and reliable in identifying myocardial edema in the infarcted myocardium than T2WI.
    The international journal of cardiovascular imaging 06/2013; · 2.15 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: It has been reported that the levels of procoagulant microparticles (MPs) are increased in patients with acute coronary syndromes and this may contribute to the formation of intracoronary thrombi. In the current study, we investigated the presence of locally elevated MPs within the culprit coronary arteries of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: The study population consisted of 45 patients with STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and 16 control patients. Before and after PCI, blood samples were collected from the femoral artery and from the culprit coronary arteries. In controls, only peripheral blood was obtained. MPs were measured by a solid-phase capture assay using a commercial kit. The cell origins of MPs were determined by antigenic capture with specific antibodies. RESULTS: Baseline levels of MPs in patients with STEMI were higher than in controls. Before PCI, the levels of MPs were significantly higher in culprit coronary arteries than in peripheral arteries in STEMI patients (20.7 ± 15.5 vs. 14.6 ± 15.4 nM phosphatidylserine (PS) equivalent, p = 0.027). MPs from the culprit coronary artery were significantly reduced after PCI (20.7 ± 15.5 vs. 14.3 ± 14.9 nM PS equivalent, p = 0.010). Similarly, the locally increased levels of endothelial- and platelet-derived MPs within the culprit coronary arteries were significantly decreased after PCI. CONCLUSION: Locally increased levels of MPs in culprit coronary arteries and their significant reduction after successful PCI suggest a potential role in coronary atherothrombosis in the early period of STEMI.
    Atherosclerosis 02/2013; · 3.71 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Post-contrast T1 mapping by modified Look-Locker inversion recovery (MOLLI) sequence has been introduced as a promising means to assess an expansion of the extra-cellular space. However, T1 value in the myocardium can be affected by scanning time after bolus contrast injection. In this study, we investigated the changes of the T1 values according to multiple slicing over scanning time at 15 minutes after contrast injection and usefulness of blood T1 correction. METHODS: Eighteen reperfused acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients, 13 cardiomyopathy patients and 8 healthy volunteers underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance with 15 minute-post contrast MOLLI to generate T1 maps. In 10 cardiomyopathy cases, pre- and post-contrast MOLLI techniques were performed to generate extracellular volume fraction (Ve). Six slices of T1 maps according to the left ventricular (LV) short axis, from apex to base, were consecutively obtained. Each T1 value was measured in the whole myocardium, infarcted myocardium, non-infarcted myocardium and LV blood cavity RESULTS: The mean T1 value of infarcted myocardium was significantly lower than that of non-infarcted myocardium (425.4+/-68.1ms vs. 540.5+/-88.0ms, respectively, p< 0.001). T1 values of non-infarcted myocardium increased significantly from apex to base (from 523.1+/-99.5ms to 561.1+/-81.1ms, p=0.001), and were accompanied by a similar increase in blood T1 value in LV cavity (from 442.1+/-120.7ms to 456.8+/-97.5ms, p<0.001) over time. This phenomenon was applied to both left anterior descending (LAD) territory (from 545.1+/-74.5ms to 575.7+/-84.0ms, p<0.001) and non-LAD territory AMI cases (from 501.2+/-124.5ms to 549.5+/-81.3ms, p<0.001). It was similarly applied to cardiomyopathy patients and healthy volunteers. After the myocardial T1 values, however, were adjusted by the blood T1 values, they were consistent throughout the slices from apex to base (from 1.17+/-0.18to 1.25+/-0.13, p>0.05). The Ve did not show significant differences from apical to basal slices. CONCLUSION: Post-contrast myocardial T1 corrected by blood T1 or Ve, provide more stable measurement of degree of fibrosis in non-infarcted myocardium in short- axis multiple slicing.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 01/2013; 15(1):11. · 4.44 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: There is paucity of data with regard to the clinical spectrum according to left ventricle (LV) morphological variation in stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SCMP) patients, and still there is controversy in terms of prognosis since some people believe that the published in-hospital mortality data of patients with SCMP are underestimated. Therefore, we sought to investigate the morphological features of LV and in-hospital outcome of patients with SCMP and explored predictors of short-term prognosis. METHODS: This was a multicenter, observational study of 208 SCMP patients. Morphological features of LV were determined by echocardiography and were divided into typical (apical) and atypical ballooning types, which were subcategorized into mid-LV ballooning and basal 'inverted' ballooning type. All-cause mortality of patients with SCMP during hospitalization was recorded. RESULTS: The apical ballooning type was most common (67.3%) in SCMP followed by the mid-LV ballooning type (28.3%), and the basal 'inverted' ballooning type (4.3%). There were no differences in stressor types and in-hospital mortality between patients with typical and atypical SCMP. Notably, all the in-hospital mortality of SCMP patients occurred in patients with physical stressors, where age, shock, and LV ejection fraction were the independent risk factors for predicting in-hospital mortality. CONCLUSIONS: SCMP patients showed diverse patterns of LV morphology, but there were no definite differences on clinical spectrum among SCMP patients presenting various LV morphological patterns. In terms of short-term prognosis, underlying physical conditions combined with old age, hemodynamic compromise, and low LV systolic function might be the most important factors in SCMP patients.
    International journal of cardiology 10/2012; · 6.18 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Although lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] has been considered a cardiovascular risk factor for many years, there is a paucity of data in regard to the potential risk of elevated Lp(a) in symptomatic patients with CAD. Therefore, we sought to evaluate whether elevated Lp(a) is associated with worse outcome in symptomatic patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), and to clarify the prognostic value of Lp(a) in the era of coronary artery revascularization. METHODS: 6252 consecutive subjects (59.2% male, mean age 61.2±11.2years) suspected of having CAD underwent coronary angiography. Laboratory values for lipid parameters including Lp(a) were obtained on the day of coronary angiography. Baseline risk factors, coronary angiographic findings, length of follow-up, and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), including cardiac death and non-fatal myocardial infarction were recorded. RESULTS: Over a mean follow-up period of 3.1±2.2years, there were 100 MACE (56 cardiac deaths and 44 non-fatal myocardial infarctions), with an event rate of 1.6%. In multivariate Cox regression analysis, elevated Lp(a) was a significant predictor of MACE [hazard ratio 1.773 (95% confidence interval 1.194-2.634, p=0.005)], and the addition of this factor to the model significantly increased the global х(2) value over traditional risk factors and CAD (from 79.1 to 88.7, p=0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Elevated Lp(a) is an independent prognostic risk factor for cardiovascular events, and moreover, has incremental prognostic value in symptomatic patients with coronary artery revascularization.
    International journal of cardiology 09/2012; · 6.18 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) dysfunction was recently proposed as an important factor in the development of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF). LA strain analysis by 2-dimensional (2D) speckle tracking imaging is emerging as a new tool to evaluate LA function. We aimed to evaluate the correlation of LA dysfunction assessed by 2D speckle tracking imaging with the occurrence of POAF after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: In this study, 53 patients (mean age 66 ± 9 years) undergoing elective isolated CABG were enroled. Conventional transthoracic echocardiography and 2D speckle tracking strain analysis were performed before surgery. POAF was detected with continuous electrocardiography monitoring throughout hospitalization (mean duration 17 ± 10 days). RESULTS: POAF occurred in 13 of 53 patients (24%). Patients with POAF were significantly older than patients with normal sinus rhythm after surgery (71 ± 5 vs 64 ± 10 years, P = 0.026). Compared with patients with normal sinus rhythm, patients with POAF had a significantly larger LA volume index (32.6 ± 5.1 vs 27.3 ± 7.2 mL/m(2), P = 0.018), lower value of LA global strain (25.4 ± 10.4 vs 36.8 ± 7.6%, P = 0.001), and strain rate (1.2 ± 0.6 vs 1.6 ± 0.8 seconds, P = 0.024). By multivariate logistic regression analysis, only LA global strain (odds ratio, 1.12; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-1.24; P = 0.040) was an independent predictor of POAF after CABG. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative LA global strain measured by 2D speckle tracking strain analysis is associated with the development of POAF after CABG.
    The Canadian journal of cardiology 08/2012; · 3.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical outcome as well as the sequential changes of cardiac function in late-stage Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients by 2-dimensional echocardiography. A total of 31 individuals (initial age: 21.6 ± 5.0 years, range: 15-35 years) with late-stage DMD (Swinyard-Deaver's stage 7 or 8) were enrolled. All of these patients had respiratory insufficiency and were on ventilator support. Sequential echocardiographic data were collected over at least 3 years. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to compare changes in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) over time. The sequential change in the mean LVEF showed no significant differences with initial, 1-, 2-, and 3-year follow-up LVEFs which were 42.2, 42.9, 43.8 and 42.6%, respectively (p = 0.320). In terms of the clinical outcome, all but 1 patient survived during the follow-up period of 46.5 ± 9.1 months. The cardiac function in late-stage DMD patients showed a stabilization of LVEF on adequate ventilatory support and optimal cardiac medication therapy until their mid-30s. In addition, considering the favorable clinical outcome in our study, the process of cardiac involvement in late-stage DMD may demonstrate that in some patients it is nonprogressive.
    Cardiology 04/2012; 121(3):186-93. · 1.52 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

637 Citations
158.55 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2014
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Inje University
      • College of Medicine
      Kimhae, South Gyeongsang, South Korea
  • 2012
    • Kangwon National University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Syunsen, Gangwon, South Korea
  • 2009
    • National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2004
    • Yonsei University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea