Deqiang Lu

Zhejiang Medical University, Hang-hsien, Zhejiang Sheng, China

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Publications (22)43.7 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Purpose: The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of a temporally incoherent ('noise') magnetic field (MF) on radiofrequency radiation (RFR)-induced epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor clustering and phosporylation in cultured cells. Materials and methods: Human amniotic epithelial (FL) cells were exposed for 15 min to either a 1.8-GHz RFR (modulated at 217 Hz), a 2 μT incoherent MF, or concurrently to the RFR and incoherent MF. Epidermal growth factor treatment severed as the positive control. Epidermal growth factor receptor clustering on cellular membrane surface was analyzed using confocal microscopy after indirect immunofluorescence staining, and phosphorylation of EGF receptors was measured by western blot technology. Results: Exposure of FL cells to the 1.8-GHz RFR at SAR (specific absorption rate) of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, or 4.0 W/kg for 15 min induced EGF receptor clustering and enhanced phosphorylation on tyrosine-1173 residue, whereas exposure to RFR at SAR of 0.1 W/kg for 15 min did not significantly cause these effects. Exposure to a 2 μT incoherent MF for 15 min did not significantly affect clustering and phosphorylation of EGF receptor in FL cells. When superimposed, the incoherent MF completely inhibited EGF receptor clustering and phosphorylation induced by RFR at SAR of 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 W/kg, but did not inhibit the effects induced at SAR of 4.0 W/kg. Conclusion: Based on the data of the experiment, it is suggested that membrane receptors could be one of the main targets by which RFR interacts with cells. An incoherent MF could block the interaction to a certain extent.
    International Journal of Radiation Biology 12/2012; DOI:10.3109/09553002.2013.754559 · 1.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The potential health hazard of exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) continues to cause public concern. However, the possibility of biological and health effects of exposure to EMF remains controversial and their biophysical mechanisms are unknown. In the present study, we used Saccharomyces cerevisiae to identify genes responding to extremely low frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MF) and to radiofrequency EMF (RF-EMF) exposures. The yeast cells were exposed for 6 h to either 0.4 mT 50 Hz ELF-MF or 1800 MHz RF-EMF at a specific absorption rate of 4.7 W/kg. Gene expression was analyzed by microarray screening and confirmed using real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). We were unable to confirm microarray-detected changes in three of the ELF-MF responsive candidate genes using RT-PCR (P > 0.05). On the other hand, out of the 40 potential RF-EMF responsive genes, only the expressions of structural maintenance of chromosomes 3 (SMC3) and aquaporin 2 (AQY2 (m)) were confirmed, while three other genes, that is, halotolerance protein 9 (HAL9), yet another kinase 1 (YAK1) and one function-unknown gene (open reading frame: YJL171C), showed opposite changes in expression compared to the microarray data (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that the yeast cells did not alter gene expression in response to 50 Hz ELF-MF and that the response to RF-EMF is limited to only a very small number of genes. The possible biological consequences of the gene expression changes induced by RF-EMF await further investigation. Bioelectromagnetics 33:550-560, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Bioelectromagnetics 10/2012; 33(7):550-60. DOI:10.1002/bem.21724 · 1.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Many studies have shown that exposure to radiofrequency radiation (RFR) could activate cellular signal transduction pathways. In the present research, we investigated the effects of exposure to a 1.8-GHz RFR at different intensities on epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor clustering and phosphorylation in human amniotic (FL) cells. Receptor clustering on cellular membrane surface was analyzed using immunofluorescence assessed by confocal microscopy, and phosphorylation of EGF receptors was measured by western blot technology. EGF treatment served as a positive control. The results showed that, compared with sham exposure, exposure to RFR at specific absorption rate (SAR) of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, or 4.0 W/kg for 15 min significantly induced EGF receptor clustering and enhanced phosphorylation on the tyrosine-1173 residue in FL cells, whereas exposure to a SAR 0.1 W/kg radiation for 15 min did not cause a significant effect. Based on the results of this experiment, we conclude that membrane receptors could be one of the main targets that RFR interacts with cells, and the dose-rate threshold, in the case of EGF receptors, is between SAR of 0.1 and 0.5 W/kg. The results indicate a sigmoid dependence of RFR effects on intensity.
    International Journal of Radiation Biology 03/2012; 88(3):239-44. DOI:10.3109/09553002.2011.634882 · 1.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of exposure to a sinusoidal 50-Hz magnetic field (MF) and an incoherent (noise) MF on hormone secretion in human first trimester villous trophoblasts were investigated. Trophoblasts were isolated from more than 30 first trimester human chorionic villi of 8-10 weeks gestation. They were cultured and exposed to MFs for different durations. The concentrations of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and progesterone in culture medium were measured by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. The results showed that exposure of the villous trophoblasts to a 50-Hz MF at 0.4 mT (milli Tesla) for 72 hrs could significantly inhibit the secretion of hCG and progesterone, whereas exposure to an incoherent MF (frequency range between 30 to 90 Hz) with the same conditions did not significantly affect the secretion. However, when the incoherent MF was superimposed on the 50-Hz MF and the cells were exposed to both fields simultaneously, no significant change in hormone secretion was observed. Based on these results, we concluded that 50-Hz MF exposure for 72 hrs could inhibit the hormone secretion of trophoblasts, and an incoherent MF of equal intensity could completely eliminate the effects induced by the 50-Hz MF.
    Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 01/2010; 26(4-5):793-8. DOI:10.1159/000322347 · 3.55 Impact Factor
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    Cell Research 12/2008; 18(12):1233-5. DOI:10.1038/cr.2008.306 · 11.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the influence of the 1.8-GHz radiofrequency fields (RFs) of the Global System for Mobile Communications on DNA damage, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation, cell cycle, and apoptosis in human lens epithelial cells (hLECs) and whether the effects induced by RF could be blocked by superposing of electromagnetic noise. After 24-hour intermittent exposure at the specific absorption rate of 1 W/kg, 2 W/kg, 3 W/kg, and 4 W/kg, the DNA damage of hLECs was examined by alkaline comet assay and immunofluorescence microscope detection of the phosphorylated form of histone variant H2AX (gammaH2AX) foci, respectively. ROS production was quantified by the fluorescent probe 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA). Cell cycle and cell apoptosis were determined by flow cytometry. DNA damage examined by alkaline comet assay was significantly increased after 3 W/kg and 4 W/kg radiation (P < 0.05), whereas the double-strand breaks (DSBs) evaluated by gammaH2AX foci were significantly increased only after 4 W/kg radiation (P < 0.05). Significantly elevated intracellular ROS levels were also detected in the 3-W/kg and 4-W/kg groups (P < 0.05). After exposure to 4 W/kg for 24 hours, hLECs exhibited significant G(0)/G(1) arrest (P < 0.05). There was no detectable difference in cell apoptosis between the microwave radiation and sham exposure groups (P > 0.05). All the effects mentioned were blocked when the RF was superposed with 2 muT electromagnetic noise. Microwave radiation induced hLEC DNA damage after G(0)/G(1) arrest does not lead to cell apoptosis. The increased ROS observed may be associated with DNA damage. Superposed electromagnetic noise blocks microwave radiation-induced DNA damage, ROS formation, and cell cycle arrest.
    Investigative Ophthalmology &amp Visual Science 05/2008; 49(5):2009-15. DOI:10.1167/iovs.07-1333 · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previously, we found that exposure to a 50-Hz magnetic field (MF) at 0.4 mT could induce epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor clustering in Chinese hamster lung (CHL) fibroblast cells and superposition of an incoherent MF with the same intensity could inhibit the effect. In the present experiment, we investigated the effects of 50-Hz MF exposure at different intensities on EGF receptor clustering and phosphorylation in human amniotic cells (FL), and explored the interaction effect of an incoherent MF. Clustering and phosphorylation of EGF receptors on cellular membrane surface were analyzed using immunofluorescence assessed by confocal microscopy and western blot technology, respectively. EGF treatment served as a positive control. The results showed that, compared with sham exposure, exposure to a 50-Hz MF at 0.1, 0.2 or 0.4 mT for 15 min could significantly induce EGF receptor clustering and enhance phosphorylation on tyrosine-1173 residue in FL cells, whereas exposure to a 0.05 mT field for 15 min did not caused a significant effect. Exposure to an incoherent MF (frequency range between 30 to 90 Hz) at 0.2 mT for the same time neither induced EGF receptor clustering nor enhanced phosphorylation of EGF receptor in FL cells. When superposed, the incoherent MF at 0.2 mT completely inhibited EGF receptor clustering and phosphorylation induced by a 50-Hz MF at 0.1 and 0.2 mT. However, the incoherent MF could not completely eliminate the effects induced by a 0.4 mT 50-Hz MF. Based on the results of this experiment, we conclude that membrane receptors could be one of the main targets where extremely-low frequency (ELF) MF interacts with cells, and the intensity threshold, in the case of EGF receptors, is between 0.05 and 0.1 mT. An incoherent MF could completely inhibit the effects induced by an ELF-MF of equal or lower intensity.
    Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 02/2008; 22(5-6):507-14. DOI:10.1159/000185524 · 3.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are no reports in the literature investigating the biological effect of power-frequency (50/60 Hz) magnetic fields on embryonic lens development. We investigated whether power-frequency magnetic fields act as an environmental insult and induce changes in morphology or protein and/or transcription factor mRNA expression levels in developing mouse embryonic lenses. Three groups of pregnant mice were exposed to magnetic fields (50 Hz) of varying intensities (0.0, 1.5, and 4.5 mT) for 3 h per day from gestation day (GD) 0 to 18. The embryonic lenses were enucleated on GD 18. The lenses in the three groups were found to be transparent and the lens epithelial cells from the experimental groups exhibited normal ultrastructure comparable to the control. No significant differences were found among the three groups in quantity of water soluble protein (WSP), water insoluble protein (WIP), the ratio of WIP to total protein, and the mRNA expression levels of four well known developmentally regulated DNA-binding transcription factors: Pax6, Prox1, Sox1, and c-maf. We preserved one pregnant mouse per group, fed the neonatal mice until 2 weeks of age, and then found the lenses transparent. Our results did not detect any effects on the development of embryonic lenses in mice exposed to power-frequency magnetic fields.
    Bioelectromagnetics 12/2007; 28(8):628-35. DOI:10.1002/bem.20338 · 1.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A widespread use of mobile phone (MP) evokes a growing concern for their possible adverse effects on human, especially the brain. Gene expression is a unique way of characterizing how cells and organism adapt to changes in the external environment, so the aim of this investigation was to determine whether 1800 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF EMF) can influence the gene expression of neuron. Affymetrix Rat Neurobiology U34 array was applied to investigate the changes of gene expression in rat neuron after exposed to the pulsed RF EMF at a frequency of 1800 MHz modulated by 217 Hz which is commonly used in MP. Among 1200 candidate genes, 24 up-regulated genes and 10 down-regulated genes were identified after 24-h intermittent exposure at an average special absorption rate (SAR) of 2 W/kg, which are associated with multiple cellular functions (cytoskeleton, signal transduction pathway, metabolism, etc.) after functional classification. The results were further confirmed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT PCR). The present results indicated that the gene expression of rat neuron could be altered by exposure to RF EMF under our experimental conditions.
    Toxicology 07/2007; 235(3):167-75. DOI:10.1016/j.tox.2007.03.015 · 3.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Despite many studies over a decade, it still remains ambiguous as to the real biological effects induced by radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF EMF) utilized in mobile telephony. Here we investigated global gene and protein responses to RF EMF simulating the Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) 1800 MHz signal in human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 using genomic and proteomic approaches. GeneChip analysis identified a handful of consistent changed genes after exposure to RF EMF at specific absorption rates (SAR) of up to 3.5 W/kg for 24 h. However, these differentially transcribed genes could not be further confirmed by real-time RT-PCR assay. Meanwhile, systematic proteome analysis of the MCF-7 cells revealed that a few but different proteins were differentially expressed under continuous or intermittent RF EMF exposure at SAR of 3.5 W/kg for 24 h or less, implying that the observed effects might have occurred by chance. Overall, the present study does not provide convincing evidence that RF EMF exposure under current experimental conditions can produce distinct effects on gene and protein expression in the MCF-7 cells.
    PROTEOMICS 09/2006; 6(17):4732-8. DOI:10.1002/pmic.200600234 · 3.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previously, we have reported that exposure to 50 Hz coherent sinusoidal magnetic fields (MF) for 24 h inhibits gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) in mammalian cells at an intensity of 0.4 mT and enhances the inhibition effect of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) at 0.2 mT. In the present study, we further explored the effects of incoherent noise MF on MF-induced GJIC inhibition. GJIC was determined by fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) with a laser-scanning confocal microscope. The rate of fluorescence recovery (R) at 10 min after photobleaching was adopted as the functional index of GJIC. The R-value of NIH3T3 cells exposed to 50 Hz sinusoidal MF at 0.4 mT for 24 h was 30.85 +/- 14.70%, while the cells in sham exposure group had an R-value of 46.36 +/- 20.68%, demonstrating that the GJIC of NIH3T3 cells was significantly inhibited by MF exposure (P < .05). However, there were no significant differences in the R-values of the sham exposure, MF-plus-noise MF exposure (R: 49.58 +/- 19.38%), and noise MF exposure groups (R: 46.74 +/- 21.14%) (P > .05), indicating that the superposition of a noise MF alleviated the suppression of GJIC induced by the 50 Hz MF. In addition, although MF at an intensity of 0.2 mT synergistically enhanced TPA-induced GJIC inhibition (R: 24.90 +/- 13.50% vs. 35.82 +/- 17.18%, P < .05), further imposition of a noise MF abolished the synergistic effect of coherent MF (R: 32.51 +/- 18.37%). Overall, the present data clearly showed that although noise MF itself had no effect on GJIC of NIH3T3 cells, its superposition onto a coherent sinusoidal MF at the same intensity abolished MF-induced GJIC suppression. This is the first report showing that noise MF neutralizes 50 Hz MF-induced biological effect by using a signaling component as the test endpoint.
    Bioelectromagnetics 05/2006; 27(4):274-9. DOI:10.1002/bem.20207 · 1.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This paper presents the design and development of a set of microwave exposure system based on 1.8GHz mobile RF signal. This system can work on several modulation types to do microwave exposure experiment under different specific absorption rate (SAR) and prepare the way for researches in the effect exerted by the electromagnetic signal of mobile on human health. The hardware is made up of several RF instruments, waveguide and computer, and the software introduces the accomplishment of the control system and the algorithm of control.
    Sheng wu yi xue gong cheng xue za zhi = Journal of biomedical engineering = Shengwu yixue gongchengxue zazhi 03/2006; 23(1):11-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Extremely Low Frequency Magnetic Fields (ELF MF) has been considered as a "possible human carcinogen" by International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) while credible mechanisms of its carcinogenicity remain unknown. In this study, a proteomics approach was employed to investigate the changes of protein expression profile induced by ELF MF in human breast cancer cell line MCF7, in order to determine ELF MF-responsive proteins. MCF7 cells were exposed to 50 Hz, 0.4 mT ELF MF for 24 h and the changes of protein profile were examined using two dimensional electrophoresis. Up to 6 spots have been statistically significantly altered (their expression levels were changed at least 5 fold up or down) compared with sham-exposed group. 19 ones were only detected in exposure group while 19 ones were missing. Three proteins were identified by LC-IT Tandem MS as RNA binding protein regulatory subunit, Proteasome subunit beta type 7 precursor and Translationally Controlled Tumor Protein. Our finding showed that 50 Hz, 0.4 mT ELF MF alternates the protein profile of MCF7 cell and may affect many physiological functions of normal cell and 2-DE coupled with MS is a promising approach to elucidating cellular effects of electromagnetic fields.
    Science in China Series C Life Sciences 11/2005; 48(5):506-14. · 1.61 Impact Factor
  • Juan Ye, Ke Yao, Qunli Zeng, Deqiang Lu
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    ABSTRACT: To demonstrate the changes in gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) mediated by low power density microwave radiation in rabbits lens epithelial cells (LECs) and its mechanisms. Rabbits' eyes were exposed to 5 mW/cm(2) and 10 mW/cm(2) power densities of microwave radiation for 3 hours. The fluorescence-recovery-after-photobleaching (FRAP) method was used to determine the GJIC. The localization and function of connexin 43 in LECs was detected by laser scanning confocal microscopy. The GJIC of rabbits LECs was inhibited by microwave radiation especially in the 10 mW/cm(2) irradiated samples. A decrease in connexin 43-positive staining was seen in 5 mW/cm(2) x 3 h treated LECs. Intracellular space accumulation and cytoplasmic internalization were clearly demonstrated in 10 mW/cm(2) group. Low power densities microwave radiation (5 mW/cm(2) and 10 mW/cm(2)) induces damage to connexin 43 and inhibits the GJIC of rabbits LECs. These changes result in an osmotic imbalance within the lens and induce early cataract. 5 mW/cm(2) or 10 mW/cm(2) microwave radiation is cataractogenic.
    Chinese medical journal 01/2003; 115(12):1873-6. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effects of 50 Hz power-frequency magnetic fields on signal transduction pathway of P38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (P38 MAPK), and explore the cellular signal transduction mechanism of the biological effects induced by power-frequency magnetic fields. Chinese hamster lung (CHL) cell line was exposed to power-frequency magnetic fields with two intensities(0.1 and 0.4 mT) for different exposure durations. The cytoplasmic protein was extracted. The phosphorylated(activated) and non-phosphorylated P38 MAPK and MKK3/MKK6 were measured by Western blotting analysis with their specific corresponding antibodies. Power-frequency magnetic fields at 0.4 mT for 10 min could transitorily induce the activation of P38 MAPK and after 15 min the phosphorylation of P38 MAPK restored to control level, while 0.1 mT power-frequency magnetic fields could not induce the activation of P38 MAPK within 24 h. However, both 0.1 mT and 0.4 mT power-frequency magnetic fields could not phosphorylate(activate) the MKK3/MKK6, which is a general upstream kinase of P38 MAPK. Power-frequency magnetic fields could transitorily activate the P38 MAPK, but not MKK3/MKK6. The activation mechanism of P38 MAPK needs to be further identified.
    Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases 09/2002; 20(4):252-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effects of 50 Hz power-frequency magnetic fields on signal transduction pathway of stress-activated protein kinase(SAPK), and explore the cellular signal transduction mechanism of the biological effects induced by power-frequency magnetic fields. Chinese hamster lung(CHL) cell line was exposed to power-frequency magnetic fields with two intensities for different exposure durations. The cytoplasmic protein was extracted and the phosphorylated portion of SAPK and SEK1/MKK4 was measured with Western blotting analysis. The SAPK enzymatic activity was measured by the solid-phase kinase assay in cells exposed to power-frequency magnetic fields for 15 min. Both 0.4 mT and 0.8 mT power-frequency magnetic fields could enhance the phosphorylation of SAPK in a time-relative course manner, and reached the maximum extent at 15 min, with an increase of 20% and 17% respectively. The solid-phase kinase assay showed that the enzymatic activities of SAPK were also increased, which were 2.9 +/- 0.4 and 2.1 +/- 0.9 times of control respectively. However, the duration of SAPK phosphorylation induced by 0.8 mT was longer than that of 0.4 mT, while the duration and extent of SAPK dephosphorylation was remarkably shorter than that of 0.4 mT. The power-frequency magnetic fields under equal conditions could not phosphorylate(activate) the SEK1/MKK4. Power-frequency magnetic fields could activate the SAPK, but not SEK1/MKK4. It is suggested that power-frequency magnetic fields may activate SAPK signal transduction pathway through a kinase other than SEK1/MKK4. The activation mechanism of SAPK of power-frequency magnetic fields needs to be identified in more detail.
    Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases 09/2002; 20(4):256-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore whether the superposition of an electromagnetic noise can block gap-junctional intercellular communication(GJIC) suppression induced by 50 Hz 0.4 mT extremely low frequency magnetic field(ELF MF). Fibroblast cells of mice(NIH 3T3) were exposed to 0.4 mT ELF MF or(and) electromagnetic noise with the same intensity of MF for 24 h, and the GJIC was determined by using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching(FRAP) analysis, which was performed with a laser-scanning confocal microscope(Leica, Germany). ELF MF exposure significantly inhibited GJIC with fluorescence recovery rate of 27.67% +/- 5.12% as compared with the control group(45.57% +/- 9.72%) (P < 0.01), while that of ELF MF plus noise group was (52.61% +/- 8.30%), which was significantly different from ELF MF group(P < 0.01), but not from control(P > 0.05). Electromagnetic noise could block the GJIC suppression induced by 50 Hz 0.4 mT MF.
    Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases 08/2002; 20(4):243-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the possible interference effect of electromagnetic noise exposure on phosphorylation of stress-activated protein kinase(SAPK) induced by 50 Hz magnetic field(MF). Chinese hamster lung(CHL) cells were exposed to sham exposure(C), 0.4 mT 50 Hz sinusoidal MF, 0.4 mT electromagnetic noise and the combined noise MF with 50 Hz MF for 3 min and 15 min respectively. After exposure, the cells were lysed, and the proteins were extracted. The SAPK and phosphorylated SAPK (activated form of SAPK) were measured indirectly by Western blot with corresponding antibodies. The percentage of phosphorylated SAPK was calculated and analyzed. Exposure of cells to 50 Hz MF for 3 min and 15 min enhanced the SAPK phosphorylation. The percentage of phosphorylated SAPK were 49.3% and 57.0% respectively, and were significantly different from those of control(P < 0.05, n = 4). However, single noise MF exposure with the same intensity did not enhance the SAPK phosphorylation, the percentage of phosphorylated SAPK were 37.7% and 31.8% (P > 0.05). When cells were exposed to the combined noise MF with 50 Hz MF for 3 min, the SAPK phosphorylation was significantly inhibited (24.4%, P < 0.05); for 15 min, the SAPK phosphorylation was also decreased (39.0%), but there was no significant difference from control and 50 Hz MF exposure(P > 0.05). Noise MF with certain intensity could inhibit the biological effect induced by 50 Hz MF.
    Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases 08/2002; 20(4):246-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To clone and identify MF-1 gene which responded to extremely low frequency magnetic fields(ELF MF) in Daudi cells, and explore the response universality of MF-1 gene in several MF-sensitive cell lines, so as to provide experimental basis for revealing the mechanism of biological effects induced by magnetic field. The DNA fragment of MF-1 was cloned and sequenced; the mRNA level of MF-1 gene were analysed in MF-sensitive cell lines(HL-60, L1210 and CHL) by Northern blot after these cells being treated with 0.1 mT and 0.8 mT MF for 20 minutes and 24 hours, respectively. The MF-1 cDNA sequence had 100% homology with cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 gene(CO1) by searching Gene Bank database; the transcription of CO1 in HL-60, L1210 and CHL cell lines which exposed to 0.1 mT and 0.8 mT MF for 20 minutes were significantly lower(0.38 +/- 0.12 and 0.37 +/- 0.04) than that of control(0.58 +/- 0.12) and so did for 24 hours exposure(0.46 +/- 0.09 and 0.45 +/- 0.09 vs 0.65 +/- 0.06) (P < 0.05). CO1 is a MF-responsive gene. Cytochrome oxidase activity may be affected through low level of CO1 transcription by magnetic fields, thus induce bioeffects in organisms.
    Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases 08/2002; 20(4):249-51.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effects of extremely low frequency magnetic fields(ELF MF) on the amount and localization of connexin 43(Cx43) gap-junction protein in the Chinese hamster lung(CHL) cells, and to explore the mechanism of ELF MF suppression on gap-junctional intercellular communication(GJIC). The cells were irradiated for 24 h with 50 Hz sinusoidal magnetic field at 0.8 mT without or with 12-O-tetrade-canoylphorbol-3-acetate(TPA), 5 ng/ml for 1 h. The localization of Cx43 proteins were performed by indirect immunofluorescence histochemical analysis and detected by confocal microscopy. The second experiment was conducted to examine the quantity of Cx43 proteins level in nuclei or cytoplasm and detected by Western blotting analysis. The cells exposed to TPA for 1 h displayed less bright labelled spots in the regions of intercellular junction than the normal cells. Most of Cx43 labelled spots occurred in the cytoplasm and aggregated near the nuclei. At the same time, the amount of Cx43 protein in cytoplasm were increased[(2.03 +/- 0.89) in ELF group, (2.43 +/- 0.82) in TPA group] as compared to normal control(1.04 +/- 0.17) (P < 0.01). Inhibition on GJIC function by ELF MF alone or combined with TPA may be related with the shift of Cx43 from the regions of intercellular junction to the cytoplasm.
    Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases 08/2002; 20(4):260-2.

Publication Stats

144 Citations
43.70 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2012
    • Zhejiang Medical University
      • Bioelectromagnetics Laboratory
      Hang-hsien, Zhejiang Sheng, China
  • 2010
    • State Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics of China
      Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China
  • 2000–2007
    • Zhejiang University
      • School of Medicine
      Hang-hsien, Zhejiang Sheng, China
  • 2003
    • Medal Eye Institute
      Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China