Tatiana V Slepova

Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Moscow, Russia

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Publications (5)6.99 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A novel anaerobic, thermophilic, Fe(III)-reducing, CO-utilizing bacterium, strain 1315(T), was isolated from a hot spring of Geyser Valley on the Kamchatka Peninsula. Cells of the new isolate were Gram-positive, short rods. Growth was observed at 52-70 degrees C, with an optimum at 65 degrees C, and at pH 5.5-8.5, with an optimum at pH 6.5-7.2. In the presence of Fe(III) or 9,10-anthraquinone 2,6-disulfonate (AQDS), the bacterium was capable of growth with CO and yeast extract (0.2 g l(-1)); during growth under these conditions, strain 1315(T) produced H(2) and CO(2) and Fe(II) or AQDSH(2), respectively. Strain 1315(T) also grew by oxidation of yeast extract, glucose, xylose or lactate under a N(2) atmosphere, reducing Fe(III) or AQDS. Yeast extract (0.2 g l(-1)) was required for growth. Isolate 1315(T) grew exclusively with Fe(III) or AQDS as an electron acceptor. The generation time under optimal conditions with CO as growth substrate was 9.3 h. The G+C content of the DNA was 41.5+/-0.5 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis placed the organism in the genus Carboxydothermus (97.8 % similarity with the closest relative). On the basis of physiological features and phylogenetic analysis, it is proposed that strain 1315(T) should be assigned to a novel species, Carboxydothermus siderophilus sp. nov., with the type strain 1315(T) (=VKPM 9905B(T) =VKM B-2474(T) =DSM 21278(T)).
    International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 03/2009; 59(Pt 2):213-7. · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The rate of CO conversion by a pure culture of a thermophilic CO-oxidizing, H2-producing bacterium Carboxydocella sp. strain 1503 was determined by the radioisotopic method. The overall daily uptake of 14CO by the bacterium was estimated at 38-56 micromol CO per 1 ml of the culture. A radioisotopic method was developed to separate and quantitatively determine the products of anaerobic CO conversion by microbial communities in hot springs. The new method was first tested on the microbial community from a sample obtained from a hot spring in Kamchatka. The potential rate of CO conversion by the anaerobic microbial community was found to be 40.75 nmol CO/cm3 sediment per day. 85% of the utilized 14CO was oxidized to carbon dioxide; 14.5% was incorporated into dissolved organic matter, including 0.2% that went into volatile fatty acids; 0.5% was used for cell bio mass production; and only just over 0.001% was converted to methane.
    Mikrobiologiia 01/2007; 76(5):594-601.
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    ABSTRACT: A novel anaerobic, thermophilic, CO-utilizing bacterium, strain KarT, was isolated from a hot spring of Karymskoe Lake, Kamchatka Peninsula. The cells of the novel isolate were Gram-positive, spore-forming, short rods. The bacterium grew chemolithoautotrophically on CO, producing equimolar quantities of H2 and CO2 (according to the equation CO + H2O --> CO2 + H2), and in the absence of CO, under N2 in the gas phase, chemoorganoheterotrophically with yeast extract, sucrose or pyruvate. Growth was observed in the temperature range 50-70 degrees C, with an optimum at 60 degrees C, and in the pH range 6.2-8.0, with an optimum at pH 6.8. The micro-organism did not grow on solid media; it was able to grow only in semi-solid medium containing 0.5 % agar. The generation time under optimal conditions for chemolithoautotrophic growth was 1 h. The G+C content of the DNA was 46.5+/-1 mol%. Growth was completely inhibited by penicillin, novobiocin, streptomycin, kanamycin and neomycin. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that the isolate should be assigned to the genus Carboxydocella. On the basis of the results of DNA-DNA hybridization and morphological and physiological analyses, strain KarT represents a novel species of the genus Carboxydocella, for which the name Carboxydocella sporoproducens sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KarT (=DSM 16521T = VKM B-2358T).
    International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 04/2006; 56(Pt 4):797-800. · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new anaerobic, thermophilic, facultatively carboxydotrophic bacterium, strain Nor1(T), was isolated from a hot spring at Norris Basin, Yellowstone National Park. Cells of strain Nor1(T) were curved motile rods with a length of 2.6-3 microm, a width of about 0.5 microm and lateral flagellation. The cell wall structure was of the Gram-negative type. Strain Nor1(T) was thermophilic (temperature range for growth was 40-68 degrees C, with an optimum at 60 degrees C) and neutrophilic (pH range for growth was 6.5-7.6, with an optimum at 6.8-7.0). It grew chemolithotrophically on CO (generation time, 1.15 h), producing equimolar quantities of H(2) and CO(2) according to the equation CO+H(2)O-->CO(2)+H(2). During growth on CO in the presence of ferric citrate or amorphous ferric iron oxide, strain Nor1(T) reduced ferric iron but produced H(2) and CO(2) at a ratio close to 1 : 1, and growth stimulation was slight. Growth on CO in the presence of sodium selenite was accompanied by precipitation of elemental selenium. Elemental sulfur, thiosulfate, sulfate and nitrate did not stimulate growth of strain Nor1(T) on CO and none of these chemicals was reduced. Strain Nor1(T) was able to grow on glucose, sucrose, lactose, arabinose, maltose, fructose, xylose and pyruvate, but not on cellobiose, galactose, peptone, yeast extract, lactate, acetate, formate, ethanol, methanol or sodium citrate. During glucose fermentation, acetate, H(2) and CO(2) were produced. Thiosulfate was found to enhance the growth rate and cell yield of strain Nor1(T) when it was grown on glucose, sucrose or lactose; in this case, acetate, H(2)S and CO(2) were produced. In the presence of thiosulfate or ferric iron, strain Nor1(T) was also able to grow on yeast extract. Lactate, acetate, formate and H(2) were not utilized either in the absence or in the presence of ferric iron, thiosulfate, sulfate, sulfite, elemental sulfur or nitrate. Growth was completely inhibited by penicillin, ampicillin, streptomycin, kanamycin and neomycin. The DNA G+C content of the strain was 51.7+/-1 mol%. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain Nor1(T) belongs to the Bacillus-Clostridium phylum of the Gram-positive bacteria. On the basis of the studied phenotypic and phylogenetic features, we propose that strain Nor1(T) be assigned to a new genus, Thermosinus gen. nov. The type species is Thermosinus carboxydivorans sp. nov. (type strain, Nor1(T)=DSM 14886(T)=VKM B-2281(T)).
    International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 12/2004; 54(Pt 6):2353-9. · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The rate of CO conversion by a pure culture of a thermophilic CO-oxidizing, H2-producing bacterium Carboxydocella sp. strain 1503 was determined by the radioisotopic method. The overall daily uptake of 14CO by the bacterium was estimated at 38–56 μmol CO per 1 ml of the culture. A radioisotopic method was developed to separate and quantitatively determine the products of anaerobic CO conversion by microbial communities in hot springs. The new method was first tested on the microbial community from a sample obtained from a hot spring in Kamchatka. The potential rate of CO conversion by the anaerobic microbial community was found to be 40.75 nmol CO/cm3 sediment per day. 85% of the utilized 14CO was oxidized to carbon dioxide; 14.5% was incorporated into dissolved organic matter, including 0.2% that went into volatile fatty acids; 0.5% was used for cell biomass production; and only just over 0.001% was converted to methane.
    Microbiology 76(5):523-529. · 0.65 Impact Factor