Walton Nosé

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Are you Walton Nosé?

Claim your profile

Publications (91)101.62 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This case report describes the production of an ultrathin endothelial donor corneal lamella using a femtosecond laser with low energy and a high frequency. In addition, we report its use in vivo in an eye with pseudophakic bullous keratopathy. The outcomes were observed 3 months after surgery in terms of the change in endothelial donor lamella and full cornea thickness (including pachymetric mapping), visual acuity, and endothelial cell count.
    Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia 04/2014; 77(2):122-4. · 0.38 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To compare the outcomes of congenital cataract surgery using intraoperative intracameral triamcinolone versus postoperative oral prednisolone to modulate ocular inflammation. Department of Congenital Cataract, Altino Ventura Foundation, Recife, Brazil. Randomized clinical trial. Children younger than 2 years were randomly divided into 2 groups. The study group received an intraoperative intracameral injection of 1.2 mg/0.03 mL of triamcinolone acetonide. The control group (29 eyes) received 1 mg/kg per day of prednisolone syrup for 15 days postoperatively, which was then tapered over the following 2 weeks. Intraocular pressure (IOP), central corneal thickness (CCT), cell deposits on the intraocular lens (IOL), posterior synechiae, visual axis obscuration, additional surgical procedures, and IOL centration were assessed 12 months postoperatively. The mean patient age at surgery was 10.45 months ± 6.22 (SD) in the study group (31 eyes) and 10.0 ± 6.15 months in the control group (29 eyes) (P = .779). In both groups, the mean IOP and CCT did not change significantly postoperatively (study group P = .922 and P = .149, respectively; control group P = .483 and P = .416, respectively). The groups had similar incidences of cell deposits (P = .517) and posterior synechiae (P = .247). No eye developed visual axis obscuration or had additional surgical procedures. All eyes had a clinically centered IOL. One year postoperatively, the outcomes were similar with intraoperative intracameral triamcinolone injection and postoperative oral prednisolone for modulating inflammation after congenital cataract surgery. No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.
    Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 02/2014; · 2.75 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To relate the outcomes of 7 eyes of 7 patients in which a dexamethasone 0.7 mg implant (Ozurdex®) was placed inside the capsule bag after phacoemulsification and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation and compare with the fellow eyes, that were operated by the same technique and received dexamethasone eyedrops in the post-operatory. Report review of 7 eyes of 7 patients who received dexamethasone 0.7 mg implant after phacoemulsification and IOL, comparing them to the fellow eyes. All the patients underwent bilateral cataract surgery, with one month interval, by the same technique and by experienced surgeons, without complications. Post operatory medication consisted of moxifloxacin eye drops for all the 14 eyes and topic dexamethasone for the 7 eyes that did not received the implant. Nuclear cataract classification (according to LOCS III) was 3.28 ± 0.69 in the implant eye group and 3.14 ± 0.83 in the fellow eye group. Postoperative best spectacle correct visual acuity (BSCVA) was 0.85 ± 0.12 and 0.87 ± 0.13, respectively in the implant and fellow eye groups. The intraocular pressure remained stable and similar to the pre-operative measurements. Anterior chamber reaction and cornea edema were similar in both groups in the follow-up. Two of the four no sutured pellet migrated to the anterior chamber during the first post-operative week and had to be repositioned. Another no sutured pellet dislocated and remained partially inside the capsule bag. The 3 patients with IOL haptic-sutured pellet had no complications. In the present study, dexamethasone 0.7mg implant were effective in controlling the inflammation after phacoemulsification and IOL implantation, with no significant side effects.
    Arquivos brasileiros de oftalmologia 08/2013; 76(4):226-8.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To report the visual outcomes and complications of congenital cataract surgery with primary intraocular lens implantation in microphthalmic eyes of children younger than 4 years of age. This retrospective interventional case series included 14 microphthalmic eyes from 10 children who underwent congenital cataract surgery with primary intraocular lens implantation younger than 4 years of age. Seven patients had bilateral cataracts (11 eyes met the study's inclusion criteria) and 3 patients had unilateral cataract. Patients' medical charts were reviewed to obtain information regarding the preoperative and postoperative ophthalmological examination. Main outcome measures were intraocular pressure (IOP), best-corrected visual acuity, and intraoperative and postoperative complications. Mean age at the time of surgery was 21.7 ± 2.9 months. Mean ocular axial length was 19.2 ± 0.9 mm. Mean preoperative IOP was 9.7 ± 1.7 mmHg and 10.3 ± 3.1 mmHg on final follow-up (P=0.18). There were no intraoperative complications. Two (15.4%) eyes developed secondary visual axis opacification, of which only one needed to be reoperated due to significantly decreased vision (0.5 logMAR). Preoperative and postoperative best-corrected visual acuity was 2.09 ± 0.97 logMAR and 0.38 ± 0.08 logMAR in bilateral cases and 1.83 ± 1.04 logMAR and 0.42 ± 0.13 logMAR in unilateral cases, respectively. Primary intraocular lens implantation in congenital cataract surgery in microphthalmic eyes resulted in a significant best-corrected visual acuity improvement with no intraoperative complications and minimal postoperative complications.
    Arquivos brasileiros de oftalmologia 08/2013; 76(4):240-3.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To evaluate the nasolacrimal duct reconstitution with radio frequency for restoration of lacrimal flow in cases of nasolacrimal duct obstruction. METHODS: The procedure was carried out in 16 eyes of 16 patients (13 women and 3 men) by the same surgeon, with monopolar high-frequency device at 450 kHz and 150 W, with local anesthesia under sedation. Inclusion criteria were lower lacrimal system obstruction (confirmed by dacryocystogram) and age over 18 years old. Exclusion criteria were previous trauma, acute dacryocystitis, cutaneous fistula, mucocele, previous lacrimal surgery and cardiac pacemaker. RESULTS: Patients were followed for at least 120 days, patients were clinically evaluated at outpatient clinics for the presence of secretion, epiphora, reflux at compression of the lacrimal sac, placement of silicone tube and Milder test. At the 90-day postoperative visit, 13 patients had positive irrigation (81.25%) with clearance of lacrimal duct and 3 cases (18.75%) presented irrigation failure. CONCLUSION: Nasolacrimal duct reconstitution with radio frequency was effective in treating nasolacrimal duct obstruction.
    Arquivos brasileiros de oftalmologia 12/2012; 75(6):412-414.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the change in intraocular pressure (IOP) and central corneal thickness (CCT) of children who underwent congenital cataract surgery with injection of triamcinolone acetonide into the anterior chamber at the end of the procedure. Fifty-three eyes of 34 children <2 years of age who underwent congenital cataract surgery with injection of 1.2 mg/0.03 mL of preservative-free triamcinolone acetonide into the anterior chamber at the end of the procedure were included in this study. IOP and CCT were measured preoperatively and at a mean of 2 and 12 months' follow-up. The mean IOP was 8.7 ± 0.4 mm Hg preoperatively, 8.4 ± 0.6 mm Hg at the 2-month follow-up, and 8.1 ± 0.3 mm Hg at the 12-month follow-up. The mean CCT was 562 ± 11 μm preoperatively, 563 ± 10 μm at the 2-month follow-up, and 570 ± 10 μm at the 12-month follow-up. There was no significant change in either pre- or postoperative IOP (P = 0.700) or CCT (P = 0.419) over the study period. Injection of 1.2 mg triamcinolone acetonide at the end of congenital cataract surgery in children <2 years of age did not significantly affect IOP or CCT in the first year after surgery.
    Journal of AAPOS: the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus / American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus 10/2012; 16(5):441-4. · 1.07 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The phakic intraocular lenses (pIOLs) are a good option for the correction of high refractive errors. According to their anatomical position there are two types of pIOLs: anterior or posterior chamber. The anterior chamber pIOL may be iris-fixated or angle-supported. The iris-fixated pIOLs are available not only for myopia correction, but also for hyperopia and astigmatism. During the last decades many modifications on the pIOLs designs were proposed in order to reduce late complications, such as progressive endothelial cell loss. Acute endothelial cell trauma related to the surgical procedure may be minimized with proper intraoperative care. Advances in the preoperative screening methods have improved the safety of the procedure. Estimation of the pIOL power is based on the van der Heijde calculations and is dependent on the anterior chamber depth, the spherical equivalent and the mean keratometric values. Long-term results show the efficacy, predictability and safety of the procedure. According to the type of the pIOL, complications other than endothelial cell loss include iritis, pigment dispersion, iris atrophy, pupil ovalization, pIOL rotation, decentration or dislocation, intraocular pressure elevation and pupillary block glaucoma. Foldable models actually available show promising results with lower complication rate.
    Revista brasileira de oftalmologia 08/2012; 71(4):260-271. · 0.16 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess the visual quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), and to observe whether this parameter could be correlated to the findings of the ophthalmologic examination. The translated and validated 25-Item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (VFQ-25) was used to assess the visual quality of life. Clinical data on MS, visual acuity, visual fields, optic coherence tomography (OCT) and disc cupping were used for assessing correlation with VFQ-25. The mean VFQ-25 value was 78.6 ± 18.2% in 27 patients. VFQ-25 did not correlate with patients' ages, with disability (EDSS), disease duration or medication use. Visual acuity showed a relatively poor (<60%) correlation to VFQ-25, while no correlation could be established between visual fields, OCT and disc cupping with VFQ-25. MS patients present several alterations in their eyes and sight that cannot be assessed by isolated measures. Ophthalmological examination of these patients must include many parameters not usually used in standard ophthalmologic consultations.
    Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria 10/2011; 69(5):809-13. · 0.55 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To compare visual acuity, aberrometry, and contrast sensitivity in patients who had a spherical intraocular lens (IOL) (SoFlex SE, Bausch & Lomb) implanted in one eye and an aspheric IOL (SofPort AO, Bausch & Lomb) implanted in the fellow eye during uncomplicated cataract surgery. A prospective, multicenter, double-blind study was performed. Forty patients (80 eyes) underwent bilateral phacoemulsification with implantation of a spherical IOL in one eye and an aspheric IOL in the fellow eye. Postoperatively, visual acuity, aberrometry, and contrast sensitivity tests were performed. Statistical analyses were performed using Student t and Wilcoxon tests, and mixed effects were used for each contrast condition situation. Thirty-nine patients (30 women, 9 men; 78 eyes) with a mean age of 69.3±6.17 years (range: 51 to 82 years) completed the study. No statistical differences were found regarding visual acuity among eyes. Lower levels of higher order aberrations were achieved in the aspheric group. No statistical difference between groups under photopic conditions was noted. In low spatial frequencies, better performance was observed with the aspheric IOL under mesopic conditions. In high spatial frequencies, the spherical IOL produced better quality of vision. Comparing mesopic conditions with glare, visual performance was statistically better using the aspheric IOL. Cataract surgery results cannot be measured by means of visual acuity alone. Quality of vision must be considered, and implantation of IOLs with low levels of spherical aberrations and better contrast sensitivity are preferred. In this study, the aspheric IOL demonstrated better visual function, especially at night, when compared with spherical IOLs.
    Journal of refractive surgery (Thorofare, N.J.: 1995) 08/2011; 27(10):723-8. · 2.47 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To compare corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF) in eyes with keratoconus with a central corneal thickness (CCT) ≥ 520 μm with CH and CRF in matched controls, and to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of these parameters for discriminating between the two groups. This prospective, comparative case series comprised 19 eyes of 19 patients with keratoconus with CCT ≥ 520 μm and 19 eyes of 19 healthy sex-, age-, and CCT-matched patients who underwent a complete clinical eye examination, corneal topography, tomography, and biomechanical evaluation. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to identify cutoff points that maximized the sensitivity and specificity for discriminating between groups. Central corneal thickness was 543.1 ± 13.9 μm (range: 520 to 568 μm) in the keratoconus group and 545 ± 12.5 μm (range: 527 to 575 μm) in the control group (P=.6017). Corneal hysteresis was 9.22 ± 1.44 mmHg (range: 6.2 to 11.35 mmHg) in the keratoconus group and 10.58 ± 1.91 mmHg (range: 7.34 to 13.53 mmHg) in the control group (P=.0075). Corneal resistance factor was 8.62 ± 1.52 mmHg (range: 5.60 to 11.20 mmHg) in the keratoconus group and 10.30 ± 1.92 mmHg (range: 6.95 to 14.12 mmHg) in the control group (P=.0049). The ROC curve analyses showed a poor overall predictive accuracy of CH (cutoff, 9.90 mmHg; sensitivity, 78.9%; specificity, 63.2%; test accuracy, 71.05%) and CRF (cutoff, 8.90 mmHg; sensitivity, 68.4%; specificity, 78.9%; test accuracy, 73.65%) for detecting keratoconus in the eyes studied. Corneal hysteresis and CRF were statistically lower in the keratoconus group compared with the control group. Given the large overlap, both CH and CRF had low sensitivity and specificity for discriminating between groups.
    Journal of refractive surgery (Thorofare, N.J.: 1995) 03/2011; 27(3):209-15. · 2.47 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To report the unexpected induction of astigmatism after phacoemulsification and toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in an eye with previous corneal refractive surgery. Case report of a 46-year-old man with bilateral nuclear cataract and previous photorefractive keratectomy. Because corneal topography identified regular corneal astigmatism at the central optical zone, phacoemulsification and implantation of a one-piece hydrophobic acrylic toric IOL were performed. Unexpected induction of astigmatism occurred in the first operated eye despite proper alignment of the IOL according to the preoperative calculations using simulated K values to determine toric IOL power and alignment. A retrospective qualitative analysis of corneal topography showed mismatching of the steepest meridian, leading to an off-axis IOL. Secondary IOL rotation improved both uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuity. Qualitative analysis of the corneal topography is mandatory during the assessment of toric IOL alignment in eyes with previous corneal refractive surgery to identify the actual location of the steepest meridian.
    Journal of refractive surgery (Thorofare, N.J.: 1995) 02/2011; 27(9):691-3. · 2.47 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate and compare corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF) in healthy eyes with a central corneal thickness (CCT) < 505 µm with CH and CRF in gender-, age-, and CCT-matched keratoconus cases, and to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of these parameters for discriminating between the two groups. Prospective, comparative case series. In total 46 eyes from 30 healthy patients with CCT < 505 µm, and 42 eyes from 30 CCT-, gender- and age-matched keratoconus cases were enrolled. Biomechanical metrics (CH and CRF) were measured using the Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) and then compared. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to identify cut-off points to maximize the sensitivity and specificity for discriminating between the groups. The CCT was 485.96 ± 17.61 µm (range, 438 - 505) in healthy thin corneas and 483.64 ± 16.19 µm (range, 452 - 505) in keratoconus; p=0.5225. CH was 8.63 ± 1.23 mmHg (range, 5.95 - 12.2) and 8.07 ± 1.17 mmHg (range, 4.9 - 9.85), respectively; p=0.0312. CRF was 8.43 ± 1.29 mmHg (range, 5.45 - 11.10) and 7.22 ± 1.34 mmHg (range, 4.7 - 9.45), respectively; p<0.001. ROC curve analysis showed a poor overall predictive accuracy of CH (cut-off, 8.95 mmHg; sensitivity, 63%; specificity, 23.8%; test accuracy, 44.30%) and CRF (cut-off, 7.4 mmHg; sensitivity, 28.3%; specificity, 40.5%; test accuracy, 34.12%) for detecting keratoconus in the eyes studied. CH and CRF were statistically lower in keratoconus than in healthy thin corneas. However, CH and CRF offered very low sensitivity and specificity for discriminating the groups.
    Arquivos brasileiros de oftalmologia 02/2011; 74(1):13-6.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The authors describe a case of fungal keratitis that the in vivo confocal microscopy helped in the diagnosis and follow-up. Confocal microscopy was done in a patient's ulcer that did not improve with several topical medicines. Corneal scrapings were obtained and culture results were without conclusion. We observed hyphae and infectious collections on confocal microscopy. New corneal culture showed Fusarium sp ten days after confocal diagnosis.
    Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia 01/2011; 69(3):399-402. · 0.38 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess the safety and efficacy of photorefractive keratectomy with mitomycin C (PRK-MMC) to correct refractive errors after corneal transplantation. This was a prospective and noncomparative study of 36 eyes that underwent PRK-MMC after penetrating (n = 34) or lamellar (n = 2) keratoplasty. After mechanical epithelial removal and photoablation, a sponge with mitomycin C 0.02% was applied to the stromal bed for 1 minute. The uncorrected and best-corrected visual acuities, refraction, and complications were assessed. The average follow-up was 16.27 ± 8.38 months (range, 6-30.5 months). The spherical equivalent decreased from -3.95 ± 4.11 to -1.07 ± 1.45 diopters (D) postoperatively (P < 0.001). The mean preoperative astigmatism was 4.42 ± 1.69 D (range, 1.00-7.25 D); however, surgical correction was limited to 6.00 D. Vector analysis of astigmatic correction showed an index of success of 55%. At the last follow-up, 41.7% (n = 15) and 61.1% (n = 22) of the eyes were within ±0.50 and ±1.00 D of emmetropia, respectively. Nineteen eyes (52.8%) achieved an uncorrected visual acuity of 20/40 or better. The best-corrected visual acuity remained within 1 line of the preoperative values in 26 cases (72.2%), improved in 8 (22.2%), and decreased in 2 (5.6%). Endothelial cell decompensation was observed in 1 eye (2.8%) 11 months postoperatively, and haze developed in 3 cases (8.3%). PRK-MMC may be an option to correct refractive errors after keratoplasty. A low preoperative endothelial cell count and haze may affect the safety outcomes.
    Cornea 10/2010; 29(10):1103-8. · 1.75 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and test accuracy of corneal biomechanical metrics and anterior segment data in differentiating keratoconus from healthy corneas. Comparative case series. Patients with and without keratoconus (gender and age-matched) were submitted for complete eye examinations including corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF) as measured by the Ocular Response Analyzer and anterior segment data as gathered through Pentacam assessments. The anterior segment data measurement included average central keratometric readings (K-Ave), corneal astigmatism (CA), central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (AC depth) and corneal volume (CV). All parameters were assessed, compared and analyzed. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to identify the best cutoff point by which to maximize the sensitivity and specificity of discriminating keratoconus from normal corneas for each data category. Seventy seven eyes from forty three patients (24 male, 19 female) with keratoconus and eighty six eyes from forty three (24 male, 19 female) healthy controls were enrolled. ROC curve analysis showed poor overall predictive accuracy for all studied parameters in differentiating keratoconus from normal corneas. The highest sensitivity (79.2%) was obtained for both AC depth and CH (cutoff points 3.22 mm and 9.39 mmHg respectively). The best specificity (89.5%) and test accuracy (80.34%) were obtained for CA (cutoff point of 2.2 D). When considered together, studied parameters showed statistical differences between groups. However, when considered independently they presented low sensitivity, specificity and test accuracy in differentiating keratoconus from healthy corneas.
    Arquivos brasileiros de oftalmologia 08/2010; 73(4):333-7.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To compare the outcome of phacoemulsification using 2 different iris-fixation techniques for intraocular lens (IOL) replacement, a foldable posterior chamber IOL (PCIOL; AcrySof MA60AC, Alcon Laboratories Inc, Fort Worth, TX) and an iris-claw anterior chamber IOL (ACIOL; Artisan, Ophtec BV), for treatment of subluxated lenses in patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS). Randomized, controlled trial. A total of 31 eyes of 16 patients with subluxated lenses associated with MFS and a preoperative corrected visual acuity (CVA) < or =20/40 based on the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study chart. Patients were enrolled and the eye with worse visual acuity was randomly assigned to 1 of 2 study arms: phacoemulsification and iris-fixated PCIOL or phacoemulsification and iris-claw ACIOL; the second eye of the same patient received the other IOL type. Preoperative and postoperative ophthalmologic examination, optical coherence tomography, and endothelial cell counts were performed. We recorded CVA results at 3, 6, and 12 months, complications, endothelial cell loss, and central retinal thickness. In the iris-fixated PCIOL group, CVA was significantly improved at 3 (P = 0.011; n = 16), 6 (P = 0.006; n = 16), and 12 months (P = 0.002; n = 16). In the iris-claw ACIOL group, CVA was significantly improved at 3 (P = 0.001; n=15), 6 (P = 0.001; n = 15), and 12 months (P = 0.009; n = 12). The CVA results did not differ significantly between groups. Dislocation of the IOL occurred in 3 of 16 (18.75%) eyes in the PCIOL group. Retinal detachment occurred in 3 eyes (2 in the PCIOL group and 1 in the ACIOL group) and was successfully repaired. Postoperative foveal tomograms in both groups revealed a decrease in the mean foveal thickness (MFT; < or =172 microm) in 54.16% of the patients. The iris-sutured PCIOL and iris-claw ACIOL produced comparable improvements in CVA at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. Although IOL dislocation tended to occur more frequently in the iris-fixated PCIOL group, the difference was not significant. At 6 months postoperatively, all study patients tended to have a thinner MFT. None of the patients in either group developed cystoid macular edema.
    Ophthalmology 05/2010; 117(8):1479-85. · 5.56 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To compare corneal hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor (CRF), spherical equivalent (SE), average central keratometry (K-Avg), corneal astigmatism (CA), corneal volume (CV), anterior chamber (AC) depth, and central corneal thickness (CCT) between patients with mild keratoconus and healthy controls and to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of CH and CRF in discriminating mild keratoconus from healthy corneas. Comparative case series. Sixty-three eyes (40 patients) with mild keratoconus (group 1) and 80 eyes from 40 gender- and age-matched controls (group 2). Patients underwent a complete clinical eye examination, corneal topography (Humphrey ATLAS; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA), tomography (Pentacam; Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany), and biomechanical evaluations (ocular response analyzer; Reichert Ophthalmic Instruments, Depew, NY). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to identify cutoff points that maximized sensitivity and specificity in discriminating mild keratoconus from normal corneas. Corneal hysteresis, CRF, SE, K-Avg, CA, CV, AC depth, and CCT. The diagnostic performance of CH and CRF for detecting mild keratoconus was assessed using the ROC curve. In group 1 versus group 2, the SE values (mean+/-standard deviation) were -3.55+/-2.87 diopters (D) versus -1.46+/-3.09 D (P = 0); K-Avg, 45.09+/-2.24 versus 43.24+/-1.54 D (P = 0); CA, 3.15+/-1.87 versus 1.07+/-0.83 D (P = 0); CV, 57.3+/-2.12 versus 60.86+/-3.39 mm3 (P = 0); AC depth, 3.19+/-0.35 versus 3.05+/-0.43 mm (P = 0.0416); CCT, 503+/-34.15 versus 544.71+/-35.89 microm (P = 0); CH, 8.50+/-1.36 versus 10.17+/-1.79 mmHg (P = 0); CRF, 7.85+/-1.49 versus 10.13+/-2.0 mmHg (P = 0). The ROC curve analyses showed a poor overall predictive accuracy of CH (cutoff, 9.64 mmHg; sensitivity, 87%; specificity, 65%; test accuracy, 74.83%) and CRF (cutoff, 9.60 mmHg; sensitivity, 90.5%; specificity, 66%; test accuracy, 76.97%) for detecting mild keratoconus. The values for CH, CRF, CV, and CCT were statistically lower and those for SE, K-Avg, CA, and AC depth were statistically higher in patients with mild keratoconus compared with controls. Corneal hysteresis and CRF were poor parameters for discriminating between mild keratoconus and normal corneas. Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found after the references.
    Ophthalmology 02/2010; 117(4):673-9. · 5.56 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate and compare tomographic, clinical, and biomechanical data of patients with unilateral keratoconus and healthy controls. Observational, case-control study. Complete clinical eye examination was followed by topographic (ATLAS), tomographic (Pentacam), and biomechanical (Ocular Response Analyzer) evaluation. Cases were sex- and age-matched with healthy individuals for controls. Four patients had unilateral keratoconus, and eight healthy patients served as controls. Central corneal thickness was 508±16 μm in the keratoconus group, 531±12.7 μm in the fellow eye group, and 528.6±40.7 μm in the control group (P>.125, all comparisons). Central keratometry was 43.70±2.70 diopters (D) in the keratoconus group, 42.84±1.43 D in the fellow eye group, and 43.81±1.94 D in the control group (P>.45, all comparisons). Corneal astigmatism was 3.30±2.24 D in the keratoconus group, 1.38±1.49 D in the fellow eye group, and 1.34±1.13 D in the control group (P=.037 between the keratoconus and control groups; P=.25 between the keratoconus and fellow eye groups). Corneal hysteresis was 8.13±2 mmHg in the keratoconus group, 8.96±0.86 mmHg in the fellow eye group, and 9.89±1.33 mmHg in the control group (P>.064, all comparisons). Corneal resistance factor was 7.96±2.43 mmHg in the keratoconus group, 8.92±1.39 mmHg in the fellow eye group, and 9.90±2.24 mmHg in the control group (P>.33, all comparisons). Corneal hysteresis and corneal resistance factor values were not statistically different among the groups; however, a trend for lower values was found for keratoconus and fellow eyes compared to controls. Data should be interpreted with caution because of the small sample.
    Journal of refractive surgery (Thorofare, N.J.: 1995) 11/2009; 26(9):677-81. · 2.47 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Andréia Peltier Urbano, Walton Nosé
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To compare the correction of ocular aberrations between custom and standard LASIK retreatment. Prospective, randomized trial with paired eye control of 74 eyes from 37 patients who underwent LASIK retreatment. Each patient underwent retreatment using Zyoptix LASIK (Bausch & Lomb) in 1 eye and Planoscan LASIK (Bausch & Lomb) in the fellow eye. Correction of ocular aberrations was compared between custom and standard LASIK retreatments. At 6 months, there was a statistically significant reduction in defocus, astigmatism, coma, spherical aberration, second, third, higher-order and total aberration in Zyoptix eyes. There was a statistically significant reduction in defocus, second-order and total aberration in Planoscan eyes. Custom retreatment was statistically superior than standard retreatment for correction of lower and higher ocular aberrations.
    Arquivos brasileiros de oftalmologia 10/2009; 72(5):687-93.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An abstract is unavailable. This article is available as HTML full text and PDF.
    Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.) 05/2009; 30(3):521-3. · 2.93 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

515 Citations
101.62 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2001–2014
    • Universidade Federal de São Paulo
      • Departamento de Oftalmologia
      San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 2012
    • Hospital de Câncer de Pernambuco (HCP)
      Santo Amaro, Estado de Bahía, Brazil
  • 2008
    • Universidade Metropolitana de Santos
      Santos, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 2007
    • Universidade Gama Filho
      Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 2006–2007
    • University of São Paulo
      • Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (FMRP)
      São Paulo, Estado de Sao Paulo, Brazil
    • Mayo Clinic - Scottsdale
      Scottsdale, Arizona, United States
  • 2005
    • Senac São Paulo
      San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 2001–2004
    • Wolfe Eye Clinic
      Spencer, Iowa, United States