Hiroaki Miyata

Tokyo Healthcare University, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (113)447 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare the long-term outcomes and perioperative outcomes of Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) with those of open liver resection (OLR) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) between well-matched patient groups. HCC patients underwent primary liver resection between 2000 and 2010, were collected from 31 participated institutions in Japan and divided into LLR (n=436) and OLR (n=2969) groups. A one-to-one propensity case-matched analysis was used with covariates of baseline characteristics, including tumor characteristics and surgical procedures of hepatic resections. Long-term and short-term outcomes were compared between the matched two groups. The two groups were well balanced by propensity score matching and 387 patients were matched respectively. There were no significant differences in overall survival and disease-free survival between LLR and OLR. The median blood loss (158 g vs 400 g, p<0.001) was significantly lesser with LLR, and the median postoperative hospital stay (13 days vs 16 days, p<0.001) was significantly shorter for LLR. Complication rate (6.7% vs 13.0%, p=0.003) was significantly lesser in LLR. Compared with OLR, LLR in selected patients with HCC showed similar long-term outcomes, associated with less blood loss, shorter hospital stay, and fewer postoperative complications. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences 06/2015; DOI:10.1002/jhbp.276 · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy has been shown to be associated with favorable postoperative outcomes using meta-analysis. However, there have been no randomized controlled studies yet. This study aimed to compare laparoscopic and open distal pancreatectomy using propensity score-matching. We retrospectively collected perioperative data of 2,266 patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy in 69 institutes from 2006-2013 in Japan. Among them, 2,010 patients were enrolled in this study and divided into two groups, laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy and open distal pancreatectomy. Perioperative outcomes were compared between the groups using unmatched and propensity matched analysis. After propensity score-matching, laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy was associated with favorable perioperative outcomes compared with open distal pancreatectomy, including higher rate of preservation of spleen and splenic vessels (P < 0.001); lower rates of intraoperative transfusion (P = 0.020), clinical grade of pancreatic fistula (International Study Group on Pancreatic Fistula grade B and C; P < 0.001), and morbidity (P < 0.001); and shorter hospital stay (P = 0.001), but a longer operative time (P < 0.001). Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy was associated with more favorable perioperative outcomes than open distal pancreatectomy. © 2015 Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery.
    Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences 06/2015; DOI:10.1002/jhbp.268 · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Whereas surgical outcomes of congenital heart surgery have improved during the past two decades, there are still measurable postoperative mortalities in this field. This study is aimed at evaluating the current situation of mortality following congenital heart surgery. Data on all registered 28 810 patients in The Japan Congenital Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCCVSD) between 2008 and 2012 were analysed, except for patients with degenerative cardiomyopathy including dilated, restrictive and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and pathologically or histologically malignant cardiac tumours. The number of registered cases increased every year, and reached ∼9000 cases in 2012. The median age at surgery was 0.8 years (range, 0-82). More than half of the patients (54%) who underwent surgery were <1 year old, and 6.0% of all patients were over 18 years old (adults). In this study, all mortalities within 90 days after the operation and mortality at discharge beyond 90 days of hospitalization were defined as '90-day and in-hospital mortality'. The 30-, 90-day and in-hospital mortality rates were 2.3, 3.5 and 4.5%, respectively. The mean and median durations from surgery to death were 61 ± 89 and 28 days (range, 0-717), respectively. Whereas 658 mortalities (51%) occurred within 30 days of surgery, 265 (21%) occurred later than 90 days after surgery. A total of 3630 patients (13%) were hospitalized for more than 90 days after the operation; of those, 3365 patients survived at discharge (93%). Cardiac problems were the most frequent causes of death after the surgery at any point in time, and 7.1 per 1000 patients died at over 30 days after the operation due to solely cardiac. The investigation of JCCVSD revealed that about a half of mortalities occurred later than 30 days; hence 90-day and in-hospital mortality would be a good discriminator that accurately represented the current situation of mortality after congenital heart surgery. Mortalities long after the operation due to post-cardiotomy heart failure without any other lethal complications were still not rare. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 04/2015; DOI:10.1093/icvts/ivv109 · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To clarify the surgical outcome and long-term prognosis of laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) compared with conventional open liver resection (OLR) in patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). A one-to-two propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was applied. Covariates (P < 0.2) used for PSM estimation included preoperative levels of CEA and CA19-9; primary tumor differentiation; primary pathological lymph node metastasis; number, size, location, and distribution of CRLM; existence of extrahepatic metastasis; extent of hepatic resection; total bilirubin and prothrombin activity levels; and preoperative chemotherapy. Perioperative data and long-term survival were compared. From 2005 to 2010, 1,331 patients with hepatic resection for CRLM were enrolled. By PSM, 171 LLR and 342 OLR patients showed similar preoperative clinical characteristics. Median estimated blood loss (163 g vs 415 g, P < .001) and median postoperative hospital stay (12 days vs 14 days; P < .001) were significantly reduced in the LLR group. Morbidity and mortality were similar. Five-year rates of recurrence-free, overall, and disease-specific survival did not differ significantly. The R0 resection rate was similar. In selected CRLM patients, LLR is strongly associated with lower blood loss and shorter hospital stay and has equivalent long-term survival comparable with OLR. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences 04/2015; DOI:10.1002/jhbp.261 · 2.31 Impact Factor
  • PLoS ONE 04/2015; 10(4):e0124399. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0124399 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The National Clinical Database (NCD) of Japan was established in April, 2010 with ten surgical subspecialty societies on the platform of the Japan Surgical Society. Registrations began in 2011 and over 4,000,000 cases from more than 4100 facilities were registered over a 3-year period. The gastroenterological section of the NCD collaborates with the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program, which shares a similar goal of developing a standardized surgical database for surgical quality improvement, with similar variables for risk adjustment. Risk models of mortality for eight procedures; namely, esophagectomy, partial/total gastrectomy, right hemicolectomy, low anterior resection, hepatectomy, pancreaticoduodenectomy, and surgery for acute diffuse peritonitis, have been established, and feedback reports to participants will be implemented. The outcome measures of this study were 30-day mortality and operative mortality. In this review, we examine the eight risk models, compare the procedural outcomes, outline the feedback reporting, and discuss the future evolution of the NCD.
    Surgery Today 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00595-015-1146-y · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous models for contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) include procedure-related variables in addition to pre-procedural variables. We sought to develop a risk model for CI-AKI based on pre-procedural variables and compare its predictability with a conventional risk model and also to develop an integer score system based on selected variables. A total of 5,936 consecutive PCIs registered in the Japanese Cardiovascular Database were analyzed (derivation cohort, n = 3,957; validation cohort, n = 1,979). CI-AKI was defined as an increase in serum creatinine of 50% or 0.3 mg/dl compared with baseline. From the derivation cohort, 2 different CI-AKI risk models were generated using logistic regression analyses: a pre-procedural model and a conventional model including both pre-procedural and procedure-related variables. The predictabilities of the models were compared by c-statistics. An integer score was assigned to each variable in proportion to each estimated regression coefficient for the final model. In our derivation cohort, the proportion of CI-AKI was 9.0% (n = 358). Predictors for CI-AKI included older age, heart failure, diabetes, previous PCI, hypertension, higher baseline creatinine level, and acute coronary syndrome. Presence of procedure-related complications and insertion of intra-aortic balloon pumping were included as procedure-related variables in the conventional model. Both the conventional model (c-statistics 0.789) and the pre-procedural model (c-statistics 0.799) demonstrated reasonable discrimination. The integer risk-scoring method demonstrated good agreement between the expected and observed risks of CI-AKI in the validation cohort. In conclusion, the pre-procedural risk model for CI-AKI had acceptable discrimination compared with the conventional model and may aid in risk stratification of CI-AKI before PCI. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    The American journal of cardiology 03/2015; 115(12). DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2015.03.004 · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To establish a risk model for distal gastrectomy in Japanese patients with gastric cancer. Risk stratification for distal gastrectomy in Japanese patients with gastric cancer improves surgical outcomes. The National Clinical Database was constructed for risk determination in gastric cancer-related gastrectomy among Japanese individuals. Data from 33,917 gastric cancer cases (1737 hospitals) were used. The primary outcomes were 30-day and operative mortalities. Data were randomly assigned to risk model development (27,220 cases) and test validation (6697 cases) subsets. Stepwise selection was used for constructing 30-day and operative mortality logistic models. The 30-day, in-hospital, and operative mortality rates were 0.52%, 1.16%, and 1.2%, respectively. The morbidity was 18.3%. The 30-day and operative mortality models included 17 and 21 risk factors, respectively. Thirteen variables overlapped: age, need for total assistance in activities of daily living preoperatively or within 30 days after surgery, cerebrovascular disease history, more than 10% weight loss, uncontrolled ascites, American Society of Anesthesiologists score (≥ class 3), white blood cell count more than 12,000/μL or 11,000/μL, anemia (hemoglobin: males, <13.5 g/dL; females, <12.5 g/dL; or hematocrit: males, <37%; females <32%), serum albumin less than 3.5 or 3.8 g/dL, alkaline phosphatase more than 340 IU/L, serum creatinine more than 1.2 mg/dL, serum Na less than 135 mEq/L, and prothrombin time-international normalized ratio more than 1.25 or 1.1. The C-indices for the 30-day and operative mortalities were 0.785 (95% confidence interval, 0.705-0.865; P < 0.001) and 0.798 (95% confidence interval, 0.746-0.851; P < 0.001), respectively. The risk model developed using nationwide Japanese data on distal gastrectomy in gastric cancer can predict surgical outcomes.
    Annals of Surgery 02/2015; DOI:10.1097/SLA.0000000000001127 · 7.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although stage IV colorectal cancer (CRC) encompasses a wide variety of clinical conditions with diverse prognoses, no statistical model for predicting the postoperative prognosis of stage IV CRC has been established. Thus, we here aimed to construct a predictive model for disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) after curative surgery for stage IV CRC using nomograms. The study included 1133 stage IV CRC patients who underwent curative surgical resection in 19 institutions. Patients were divided into derivation (n = 586) and validation (n = 547) groups. Nomograms to predict the 1- and 3-year DFS rates and the 3- and 5-year OS rates were constructed using the derivation set. Calibration plots were constructed, and concordance indices (c-indices) were calculated. The predictive utility of the nomogram was validated in the validation set. The postoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level, depth of tumor invasion (T factor), lymph node metastasis (N factor), and number of metastatic organs were adopted as variables for the DFS-predicting nomogram, whereas the postoperative CEA level, T factor, N factor, and peritoneal dissemination were adopted for the nomogram to predict OS. The nomograms showed moderate calibration, with c-indices of 0.629 and 0.640 in the derivation set and 0.604 and 0.637 in the validation set for DFS and OS, respectively. The nomograms developed were capable of estimating the probability of DFS and OS on the basis of only 4 variables, and may represent useful tools for postoperative surveillance of stage IV CRC patients in routine practice. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    European Journal of Surgical Oncology 02/2015; 41(4). DOI:10.1016/j.ejso.2015.01.026 · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gender differences in clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) among different age groups are controversial in the era of drug-eluting stents, especially among the Asian population who are at higher risk for bleeding complications. We analyzed data from 10,220 patients who underwent PCI procedures performed at 14 Japanese hospitals from September 2008 to April 2013. A total of 2,106 (20.6%) patients were women. Women were older (72.7±9.7 vs 66.6±10.8 years, p<0.001), and had a lower body mass index (23.4±4.0 vs 24.3±3.5, p<0.001), with a higher prevalence of hypertension (p<0.001), hyperlipidemia (p<0.001), insulin-dependent diabetes (p<0.001), renal failure (p<0.001), and heart failure (p<0.001) compared with men. Men tended to have more bifurcation lesions (p = 0.003) and chronic totally occluded lesions (p<0.001) than women. Crude overall complications (14.8% vs 9.5%, p<0.001) and the rate of bleeding complications (5.3% vs 2.8%, p<0.001) were significantly higher in women than in men. On multivariate analysis in the total cohort, female sex was an independent predictor of overall complications (OR, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.26-1.71; p<0.001) and bleeding complications (OR, 1.74; 95% CI, 1.36-2.24; p<0.001) after adjustment for confounding variables. A similar trend was observed across the middle-aged group (≥55 and <75 years) and old age group (≥75 years). Women are at higher risk than men for post-procedural complications after PCI, regardless of age.
    PLoS ONE 01/2015; 10(1):e0116496. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0116496 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • International Journal of Cardiology 01/2015; 183C:171-172. DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.01.064 · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Current guidelines recommend shorter door-to-balloon times (DBTs) (<90 minutes) for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Clinical factors, including patient or hospital characteristics, associated with prolonged DBT have been identified, but angiographic variables such as culprit lesion location have not been thoroughly investigated. We aimed to evaluate the effect of culprit artery location on DBT of patients with STEMI who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Data were analyzed from 1,725 patients with STEMI who underwent PCI from August 2008 to March 2014 at 16 Japanese hospitals. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to culprit artery location, right coronary artery (RCA), left anterior descending artery (LAD), and left circumflex artery (LC), and associations with DBT were assessed. The LC group had a trend toward a longer DBT among the 3 groups (97.1 [RCA] vs 98.1 [LAD] vs 105.1 [LC] minutes; p = 0.058). In-hospital mortality was also significantly higher in patients with a left coronary artery lesion (3.5% [RCA] vs 6.3% [LAD] vs 5.4% [LC]; p = 0.041). In-hospital mortality for patients with DBT >90 minutes was significantly higher compared with patients with DBT ≤90 minutes (6.5% vs 3.6%; p = 0.006). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the LC location was an independent predictor for DBT >90 minutes (odds ratio, 1.45; 95% confidence interval, 1.04 to 2.01; p = 0.028). In conclusion, LC location was an independent predictor of longer DBT. The difficulties in diagnosing LC-related STEMI need further evaluation. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 12/2014; 115(5). DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2014.12.004 · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Appropriateness use criteria (AUC) is widely used to assess quality of care. American professional organizations and Japanese experts have both developed original AUC for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, rating discrepancies have not been investigated. Methods Patients registered in the Japanese multicenter PCI registry were analyzed. We assessed the appropriateness of PCI on the basis of both the US and Japanese criteria, and compared the ratings. A logistic regression analysis was performed to identify clinical predictors of inappropriate ratings under both standards. Results From a total of 4950 non-acute, consecutive PCIs, 1982 and 2077 procedures could be successfully rated using the US and Japanese criteria, respectively. The major difference between the two criteria was the rating of “asymptomatic, low- or intermediate-risk patients, no lesion in the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery (PLAD)”; this scenario was deemed appropriate in the Japanese but not in the US criteria. As a consequence, the rate of inappropriate PCI using the Japanese criteria (5.2%) was substantially lower when compared to the rating using the US criteria (15%). Common clinical variables associated with “inappropriate” PCI were male, multi-vessel diseases, and lesions in the non-PLAD. Suboptimal anti-anginal medication was also a significant predictor of “inappropriate” PCI under the US, but not under the Japanese criteria. Conclusions Significant and clinically relevant rating discrepancies were observed between the US and Japanese criteria-based assessments, owing largely to the ratings of asymptomatic, non-PLAD-related, low- or intermediate-risk cases.
    American Heart Journal 12/2014; 168(6). DOI:10.1016/j.ahj.2014.08.011 · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) increases considerably the chances of morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery. The objective of this study was to identify the major risk factors responsible for POAF after thoracic aortic surgery in order to define preventive measures. We analyzed 12,260 records (between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2008) obtained from the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database. Patients with history of AF were excluded. Data were collected for 12 preoperative and 10 operative risk factors that had been proven or believed to influence POAF. The relationship between the risk factors and outcome was assessed by the Fisher exact test, Student t test, and multiple logistic regression analysis. The patients' mean age (± standard deviation) was 67.5 ± 12.7 years, and 27% of the subjects were women. The incidence of POAF was 17.1%. The following risk factors were associated with increased POAF: age (p < 0.0001), history of smoking (p < = 0.020), hypertension (p = 0.020), congestive heart failure (p < 0.0001), urgent operation (p = 0.023), and concomitant with nonelective coronary artery bypass (p = 0.022). Postoperative mortality and postoperative stroke were significantly increased in patients with POAF (p < 0.0001 in both cases). The odds ratios for the POAF risk factors were as follows: replacement of the ascending aorta, 1.67; aortic arch, 1.62; aortic root, 1.42; concomitant with valve operation, 1.35; age, 1.27; and urgent operation, 1.22. Several risk factors contribute to the incidence of POAF after thoracic aortic surgery. We found that POAF significantly increased 30-day operative mortality (p < 0.0001). Our findings can be used to develop a risk stratification system for the prediction of POAF. Copyright © 2014 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2014.08.019 · 3.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The cancer registry is an essential part of any rational program of evidence-based cancer control. The cancer control program is required to strategize in a systematic and impartial manner and efficiently utilize limited resources. In Japan, the National Clinical Database (NCD) was launched in 2010. It is a nationwide prospective registry linked to various types of board certification systems regarding surgery. The NCD is a nationally validated database using web-based data collection software; it is risk adjusted and outcome based to improve the quality of surgical care. The NCD generalizes site-specific cancer registries by taking advantage of their excellent organizing ability. Some site-specific cancer registries, including pancreatic, breast, and liver cancer registries have already been combined with the NCD. Cooperation between the NCD and site-specific cancer registries can establish a valuable platform to develop a cancer care plan in Japan. Furthermore, the prognosis information of cancer patients arranged using population-based and hospital-based cancer registries can help in efficient data accumulation on the NCD. International collaboration between Japan and the USA has recently started and is expected to provide global benchmarking and to allow a valuable comparison of cancer treatment practices between countries using nationwide cancer registries in the future. Clinical research and evidence-based policy recommendation based on accurate data from the nationwide database may positively impact the public.
    International Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/2014; 20(1). DOI:10.1007/s10147-014-0757-4 · 2.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCVSD) is a nationwide benchmarking project to improve the quality of cardiovascular surgery in Japan. This study aimed to develop new JACVD risk models not only for operative mortality but also for each postoperative complication for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) operations, valve operations, and thoracic aortic operations. We analyzed 24,704 isolated CABG operations, 26,137 valve operations, and 18,228 thoracic aortic operations. Risk models were developed for each operation for operative death, permanent stroke, renal failure, prolonged ventilation (>24 hours), deep sternal wound infection, and reoperation for bleeding. The population was divided into an 80% development sample and a 20% validation sample. The statistical model was constructed by multiple logistic regression analysis. Model discrimination was tested using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (C index). The 30-day mortality rates for isolated CABG, valve, and thoracic aortic operations were 1.5%, 2.5%, and 6.0%, respectively, and operative mortality rates were 2.4%, 3.8%, and 8.4%, respectively. The C indices for the end points of isolated CABG, valve, and aortic thoracic operations were 0.6358 for (deep sternal infection) to 0.8655 (operative mortality), 0.6114 (reoperation for bleeding) to 0.8319 (operative death), and 0.6311 (gastrointestinal complication) to 0.7591 (operative death), respectively. These risk models increased the discriminatory power of former models. Thus, our models can be said to reflect the current state of Japan. With respect to major complications, useful feedback can now be provided through the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database Web-based system. Copyright © 2014 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2014.07.038 · 3.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to develop risk models for congenital heart surgery short-term and midterm outcomes from a nationwide integrated database drawn from hospitals in Japan. The Japan Congenital Cardiovascular Surgery Database collects clinical information from institutions throughout Japan specializing in congenital heart surgery. Variables and definitions used in the Japan Congenital Cardiovascular Surgery Database are almost identical to those of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons-European Association for Cardiothoracic Surgery database for congenital heart surgery. We used logistic regression to develop risk models, which were then validated through spilt-sample validation. In addition to procedural complexity categories by Risk Adjustment in Congenital Heart Surgery (RACHS-1) score, we incorporated patient characteristics to predict surgical outcome. Among 8923 congenital heart operations performed at 69 sites with cardiac surgical programs, 30-day mortalities by RACHS-1 category were as follows: I, 0.1% (n = 1319); II, 0.5% (n = 3211); III, 2.2% (n = 3285); IV, 4.3% (n = 818); and V and VI, 8.6% (n = 290). From the test data set (n = 7223), we developed 3 risk models (30-day mortality, 90-day mortality, and 90-day and in-hospital mortality) with 11 variables, including age category, RACHS-1 category, preoperative risk factors, number of surgical procedures, unplanned reoperations, status of surgery, surgery type, asplenia, and prematurity (<35 weeks). For the performance metrics of the risk models, C statistic values of 30-day, 90-day, and 90-day and in-hospital mortalities for the test data set were 0.85, 0.85, and 0.84, respectively. When only the RACHS-1 score was used for discrimination, the C statistic values of 30-day, 90-day, and 90-day and in-hospital mortalities for the validation data set were 0.73, 0.73, and 0.77, respectively. The proposed risk scores and categories have high discrimination power for predicting mortality, demonstrating improvement relative to existing consensus-based methods. Risk models incorporating these measures may be useful for comparing mortality outcomes cross institutions or countries with mixed cases. Copyright © 2014 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 11/2014; 148(5):2201-6. DOI:10.1016/j.jtcvs.2013.01.053 · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The JCVSD (Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database) was organized in 2000 to improve the quality of cardiovascular surgery in Japan. Web-based data harvesting on adult cardiac surgery was started (Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database, JACVSD) in 2001, and on congenital heart surgery (Japan Congenital Cardiovascular Surgery Database, JCCVSD) in 2008. Both databases grew to become national databases by the end of 2013. This was influenced by the success of the Society for Thoracic Surgeons' National Database, which contains comparable input items. In 2011, the Japanese Board of Cardiovascular Surgery announced that the JACVSD and JCCVSD data are to be used for board certification, which improved the quality of the first paperless and web-based board certification review undertaken in 2013. These changes led to a further step. In 2011, the National Clinical Database (NCD) was organized to investigate the feasibility of clinical databases in other medical fields, especially surgery. In the NCD, the board certification system of the Japan Surgical Society, the basic association of surgery was set as the first level in the hierarchy of specialties, and nine associations and six board certification systems were set at the second level as subspecialties. The NCD grew rapidly, and now covers 95% of total surgical procedures. The participating associations will release or have released risk models, and studies that use 'big data' from these databases have been published. The national databases have contributed to evidence-based medicine, to the accountability of medical professionals, and to quality assessment and quality improvement of surgery in Japan.
    10/2014; 47(5):437-43. DOI:10.5090/kjtcs.2014.47.5.437

Publication Stats

510 Citations
447.00 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012–2015
    • Tokyo Healthcare University
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2004–2015
    • The University of Tokyo
      • • Faculty & Graduate School of Medicine
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Department of Health Science and Nursing
      Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2014
    • Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
      • Division of Cardiovascular Surgery
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 2011
    • Keio University
      • Department of Cardiology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan