B Kneip

Unité Inserm U1077, Caen, Lower Normandy, France

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Publications (19)84.8 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Stromal cell lines from bone marrow and other blood-forming organs including fetal liver have been found to support hematopoiesis. In this paper, we demonstrate that rat liver biliary epithelial cells (RLEC), most likely originating from primitive bile ductules, are able to support long-term hematopoietic cell growth as well as burst-forming unit-erythroid (BFU-E) and colony-forming unit-granulocyte/macrophage (CFU-GM) production. RLEC have previously been shown to express a cell surface molecule named liver-regulating protein (LRP), which is involved in the long-term maintenance of hepatocyte functions in a coculture system. In addition, LRP-like molecules have been found in spleen, thymus, lymph nodes, and peripheral blood cells. In the present study, we found that hematopoietic cells and several stromal cell types from bone marrow were LRP-positive, and immunoprecipitation revealed polypeptides similar to those found in RLEC. We then investigated the biological role of LRP on hematopoiesis using short-term RLEC and bone marrow stromal cell culture systems. Addition of specific anti-LRP antibody to both systems reduced hematopoietic cell proliferation and committed progenitor production, whereas it did not directly affect the clonal proliferation and maturation of these progenitors in methylcellulose assays. Moreover, using diffusible chamber cultures that suppress direct contacts with hematopoietic cells, we observed low cell growth and no effect of monoclonal antibody (mAb) L8 treatment. All these results strongly argue for a cell proximity signal mediated by RLEC and bone marrow stromal cells and for the involvement of LRP-like molecules in this signal in liver and bone marrow hematopoietic function.
    Experimental Hematology 06/1998; 26(5):382-94. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have identified a liver-regulating protein involved in cell contact-mediated regulation of Sertoli cell function by primary spermatocytes in rat testis. Liver-regulating protein was studied using monoclonal antibody L8 prepared from rat primitive biliary epithelial cells. This molecule was located in vivo at the interface of Sertoli cells and spermatocytes, and expressed in a stage-dependent manner (expression peaked on leptotene-zygotene spermatocytes). In vitro, the liver-regulating protein was found on Sertoli cell, spermatocyte and early spermatid membranes. Immunoaffinity procedures revealed two peptides of 85 and 73 kDa for Sertoli cells, while spermatocytes and spermatids displayed a single smaller peptide of 56 kDa. The involvement of the liver-regulating protein in cell interaction-mediated regulation of Sertoli cell was assessed in vitro by tracing Sertoli cell transferrin and inhibin secretion, as well as mRNA synthesis in spermatocyte-Sertoli cell cocultures and in rat liver biliary epithelial cell-Sertoli cell cocultures, performed in the presence or absence of monoclonal antibody L8. Inhibition of the spermatocyte- and liver biliary epithelial cell-stimulated secretion of transferrin and inhibin by Sertoli cells was observed in the presence of antibody, whereas spermatocyte adhesiveness was unchanged. Using northern blot analysis, the steady state levels of transferrin mRNA decreased when the anti-liver-regulating protein antibody was added to the Sertoli cell-spermatocyte cocultures or to the Sertoli cell-liver biliary epithelial cell cocultures. The data demonstrate the role of the liver-regulating protein in cell-cell contact-mediated regulation of Sertoli function by primary spermatocytes and the important implications of this cell contact-dependent control in testicular activity.
    Journal of Cell Science 04/1995; 108 ( Pt 3):917-25. · 5.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Liver regulating protein (LRP) is an integral plasma membrane protein that plays a critical role in maintaining the differentiated phenotype of adult rat hepatocytes by mediating cell-cell interactions with rat liver epithelial cells. Using a specific monoclonal antibody (MAb L8) capable of inhibiting the interactions between these two cell types, the cellular distribution of LRP was analyzed in the liver. Various cell types, including hepatocytes and several sinusoidal cells, were found to be positive, whereas vascular endothelial cells and bile duct cells were consistently negative. This observation led us to question whether cells of nonhepatic origin would also express LRP. We show that MAb L8 immunoreactive material was detected in only three groups of tissues and corresponded to molecules similar to LRP but with different molecular weights. LRP-like molecules were demonstrated on acinar cells of the exocrine pancreas and on all hemopoietic cells regardless of their localization in the organism. LRP-like molecules were also expressed by germ cells and surrounding feeder cells in the testis and ovary in a stage-dependent manner. These results demonstrate the existence of a family of LRP proteins and strongly suggest a critical role for these molecules in regulating cell-cell communication in specific tissues.
    American Journal Of Pathology 10/1994; 145(3):715-27. · 4.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have identified the liver-regulating protein (LRP), a cell surface protein involved in the maintenance of hepatocyte differentiation when cocultured with rat liver epithelial cells (RLEC). LRP was defined by immunoreactivity to a monoclonal antibody (mAb L8) prepared from RLEC. mAb L8 specifically detected two polypeptides of 85 and 73 kD in immunoprecipitation of both hepatocyte- and RLEC-iodinated plasma membranes. The involvement of these polypeptides, which are integral membrane proteins, in cell interaction-mediated regulation of hepatocytes was assessed by evaluating the perturbing effects of the antibody on cocultures with RLEC. Several parameters characteristic of differentiated hepatocytes were studied, such as liver-specific and house-keeping gene expression, cytoskeletal organization and deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM). An early cytoskeletal disturbance was evidenced and a marked alteration of hepatocyte functional capacity was observed in the presence of the antibody, together with a loss of ECM deposition. By contrast, cell-cell aggregation or cell adhesion to various extracellular matrix components were not affected. These findings suggest that LRP is distinct from an extracellular matrix receptor. The fact that early addition of mAb L8 during cell contact establishment was necessary to be effective may indicate that LRP is a novel plasma membrane protein that plays an early pivotal role in the coordinated metabolic changes which lead to the differentiated phenotype of mature hepatocytes.
    The Journal of Cell Biology 11/1991; 115(2):505-15. · 10.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Normal human adult hepatocytes were examined for their ability to synthesize and secrete factor V using primary culture. The culture medium contained both factor V and factor Va as determined by bioassay and activation experiments. Immunoprecipitation of newly synthesized labelled factor V showed the presence of both native factor V (m.w. 330,000) and two fragments of respective molecular weight 300,000 and 265,000. Northern blot analysis revealed the presence of a single 7 kb factor V mRNA in cultured human hepatocytes as in liver biopsies, together with fibrinogen beta and albumin transcripts. Relative levels of factor V, fibrinogen beta and albumin mRNAs differed when the cells cultured, suggesting that expression of the three corresponding genes might in part be independently regulated. Furthermore, addition of glucocorticoids enhanced factor V and fibrinogen beta mRNA levels 1.6- and 5-fold respectively, but did not significantly increase that of albumin. These results provide evidence that human hepatocytes actively participate in the synthesis of plasma factor V and constitute a valuable model to study the common and specific regulations involved in the control of the expression of this gene in human liver.
    British Journal of Haematology 07/1991; 78(2):229-35. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Primary cultures of fetal rat hepatocytes were maintained in an arginine-free medium deprived of serum but supplemented with 0.03 mM L-ornithine and 10(-8) M dexamethasone. Ferric nitrilotriacetate was added to the culture medium in order to obtain iron concentrations ranging from 10 to 100 microM. After 24 h of treatment, iron was visualized inside the hepatocytes by the staining method of Perls and electron microscope study. The present data demonstrate that iron overload decreases transferrin secretion; this effect appears not to be specific, since albumin production is affected in a similar manner. This depressed transferrin secretion is not the consequence of hepatocyte death, as the phenomenon is confirmed when expressed per cell. Since the corresponding mRNA is unaffected, it may be postulated that iron overload decreases transferrin secretion at some post-transcriptional level.
    Biology of the Cell 02/1989; 65(3):221-9. · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fetal hepatocytes were cultured alone or in association with primitive biliary cells (RLEC) in the presence or absence of dexamethasone. Cell-cell contacts were established 3 h or five days after hepatocyte seeding and their effects on hepatocyte growth and functional activities were evaluated in the presence or absence of dexamethasone. Establishment of cellular interactions with RLEC in coculture decreased hepatocyte growth, while it stimulated production of alpha-fetoprotein, albumin and transferrin. Addition of dexamethasone to coculture inhibited alpha-fetoprotein secretion and maintained the synthesis rate of albumin and transferrin together with an additional inhibition of DNA synthesis. The levels of mRNAs corresponding to the three proteins were also measured. We observed that the levels of alpha-fetoprotein, albumin and transferrin secretion in cocultures maintained in the presence or absence of dexamethasone were well correlated with the relative amounts of their corresponding mRNAs. Consequently, it may be assumed that the primitive mechanism involved in the increased functional activity of fetal hepatocytes in coculture is of pretranslational origin. Furthermore, the present data provide evidence that heterotypic interactions and dexamethasone act as distinct modulators of growth and maturation of fetal rat hepatocytes.
    European Journal of Cell Biology 09/1987; 44(1):128-34. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fetal rat as well as fetal and neonatal human hepatocytes were cultured in an arginine-free medium with or without L-ornithine. This amino acid was found greatly to improve cell survival of both rat and human parenchymal cells and to favour their proliferation. In addition, L-ornithine appeared to modulate the expression of various functions and particularly to increase albumin secretion. Since a correlated increase of the corresponding mRNA was observed, it may be postulated that L-ornithine acts at a pre-translational level.
    Cell Differentiation 07/1987; 21(1):21-9.
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    ABSTRACT: In order to characterize the genes overexpressed in an hepatoma cell line, the HTC cells, and in diethylnitrosamine induced solid hepatomas, we constructed a complementary DNA library from HTC cells and performed differential screening with probes from HTC cells, from malignant nodules obtained 70 weeks after the carcinogen treatment, and from hepatocytes from normal rat liver. Eight clones corresponding to messenger RNAs (mRNAs) much more expressed in hepatomas than in hepatocytes from normal liver were isolated. Three, clones pHT 71, pHT 13, and pHT 26, were further analyzed by the study of their corresponding transcripts in hepatocytes from regenerating liver and in the hepatocytes from the nontumorous parts of the liver. Clone pHT 71 corresponds to a single 2.3-kilobase mRNA which is present in high levels in carcinoma nodules in hepatoma cell lines, in the nontumorous parts of the liver, and in hepatocytes isolated from regenerating liver 30 h after partial hepatectomy. Clone pHT 13 hybridizes with three distinct transcripts 3.8, 2.6, and 1.6 kilobases long. High levels of the 3.8- and 1.6-kilobase mRNAs are present in carcinoma nodules, in hepatoma cell lines, and in the nontumorous parts of the liver. However, the levels of these RNAs are similar in hepatocytes from regenerating liver and in hepatocytes obtained from normal rat liver. Clone pHT 26 corresponds to a 0.6-kilobase mRNA which exists at a high level only in cancer nodules and in hepatoma cell lines. We were unable to observe any cross-hybridization between these clones and the oncogenes which have been found to be expressed in hepatomas (c-fos, c-Ha-ras, c-Ki-ras, N-ras, and c-myc). The mRNAs corresponding to the three clones have not been detected in various tissues from normal adult rats. Our study shows that a high level of these mRNAs might be associated with rat liver carcinogenesis.
    Cancer Research 11/1986; 46(10):5119-24. · 8.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocarcinoma was induced by administration of diethylnitrosamine to rats. The rats were sacrificed 70 weeks after the administration and the carcinoma nodules were separated from the perinodular parenchymental cells after perfusion of liver with collagenase. The in vitro translational pattern of mRNAs from hepatocellular carcinomas, from perinodular hepatocytes and from regenerating liver after partial hepatectomy were compared by one- and two-dimensional electrophoreses to the pattern obtained with RNA from normal hepatocytes. An increased synthesis of several peptides was observed with RNAs from carcinoma and from regenerating liver and to a lesser extent with RNA from perinodular hepatocytes, which suggests that the increase in synthesis is at least partly related to cell proliferation. A decreased synthesis of several other peptides was observed with RNA from carcinoma nodules and to a lesser extent with RNA from perinodular hepatocytes, but not with RNA from regenerating liver, which suggests that this decrease in synthesis is related to some transformation specific process. These changes are observed as soon as 22 weeks after carcinogen administration. These observations also suggest that at least part of the perinodular hepatocytes have some characteristics of the transformed cells.
    Carcinogenesis 01/1986; 6(12):1797-803. · 5.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In co-culture with non-parenchymal liver epithelial cells, rat hepatocytes show a marked increase in albumin and total protein synthesis when compared with cells maintained as pure populations in which an early decline in albumin secretion takes place. Analysis of the relative amounts of different mRNA sequences, determined by hybridization, indicated that the increase in protein synthesis resulted essentially from an increased level of the corresponding mRNAs. In addition, when cell-cell contacts were established between the two cell types several days after the seeding of hepatocytes, the stimulation of albumin secretion was similarly observed with a significant increase of the corresponding mRNA on days 10-14 of culture. Transcriptional assays, in which isolated nuclei were used for the study of RNA synthesis, showed that liver-specific gene transcription was significantly increased and maintained for at least 2 weeks. These results demonstrate for the first time long-term stabilization and reversibility of various specific mRNAs at high levels by adult hepatocytes in primary culture. They suggest that establishment of cell-cell contacts between hepatocytes and liver epithelial cells are essential for the maintenance of a high rate of transcription of the liver-specific genes.
    The EMBO Journal 11/1985; 4(10):2487-91. · 9.82 Impact Factor
  • M Raymondjean, B Kneip, J Kruh
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    ABSTRACT: Triiodothyronine (T3), isoproterenol and aminophylline injected daily into rats induce heart hypertrophy. We have compared the early effects of a single injection of each of these compounds to rats using myocardial RNA synthesis and translational efficiency. In rats injected with T3 4 h before death the synthesis of RNA was increased 2-fold, then the effect of T3 injection decreased with time. Injection of isoproterenol had no effect. Injection of T3 increased the amount of myocardial polysomes, heavy polysomes appeared approx. 15 h after the injection. Neither isoproterenol nor aminophylline modified the polysomal pattern. RNAs were translated in reticulocyte lysates in the presence of [35S]methionine. A small but significant increase in incorporation was observed with RNAs from rats injected with T3 4 and 18 h before death, whereas no modification were observed with RNAs from isoproterenol- and aminophylline-treated rats. Two-dimensional electrophoresis and radioautography showed significant qualitative and quantitative differences between the translational products of RNAs from control, T3-, isoproterenol- and aminophylline-injected rats. These observations are compatible with a mechanism of action of T3 at the transcriptional level and of cAMP on the processing and/or on the stability of various RNA species.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 11/1983; 741(1):30-7. · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: RNA was prepared from rat heart muscle by a procedure using guanidium thiocyanate and centrifugation on a CsCl cushion. Analysis of the RNA by sucrose gradient centrifugation and electrophoresis shows that major part of it was long sized. Poly (A+) RNA was isolated with a yield of 35 micrograms/g. The average size of the poly (A) tail was 120 nucleotides. RNA was translated in a reticulocyte lysate and the efficiencies were compared with total liver and skeletal muscle RNA. The translational products of poly (A+) RNA were analyzed in a two dimensional gel. They show that many muscle specific proteins have been synthesized in vitro, which indicates that at least, part of the RNAs has remained intact.
    Biochimie 02/1983; 65(1):65-70. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Injection of 3,5,3' L-triiodothyronine (15 micrograms/100 g) induces a biphasic enhancement of rat heart ornithine decarboxylase (EC. 4.1.17) activity after 4 and 21 hours. This induction is observed after each daily injection, but to a lesser extent. The properties of partially purified basal enzyme and induced enzyme, at 21h, after single injections have been compared. 1) Affinity for ornithine is the same for both enzymes, but affinity for pyridoxal-phosphate is 40-fold higher for the induced one. 2) Thermostability studies suggest that basal and induced enzymes have different conformations. 3) The two enzymes have similar immuno-reactivity. 4) The comparisons of the time-dependent activity curve after injection and of the antigen/activity ratio suggests that triiodothyronine induces the synthesis of new molecules of enzymes and that an inhibition of the enzyme activity also occurs which explains the biphasic induction.
    Biochimie 01/1982; 64(11-12):1027-34. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The amount of type I and type II cyclic AMP dependent protein kinase present in rat heart was determined at differents times during triiodothyronine (T3) induced cardiac hypertrophy. A difference between the two isozymes was observed, with two maximum kinase levels for isozyme I during the first 24 hours of hypertrophic treatment. At the same time the level of cyclic AMP was significantly increased and, to a lesser extent, that of cyclic GMP. The variation of the activity ratio (-cyclic AMP/+ cyclic AMP) during T3 treatment indicates a modification of the state of activation of the cyclic AMP dependent protein kinases. The specific activity of isozyme II protein kinase did not change significantly at the beginning of hypertrophy, it increased only between day 3 and 7 as did isozyme I. These observations may indicate a different regulatory function of the two isozymes in response to T3 induced cardiac hypertrophy.
    Life Sciences 09/1980; 27(5):387-94. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An accurate, improved cation-exchange chromatographic method using o-phthalaldehyde and ultraviolet detection at 280 nm for the determination of free polyamines (putrescine, spermidine, spermine) has been developed. Different samples, such as the 105,000 g supernatant of reticulocyte or heart muscle, and KCl ribosomal wash containing initiation factors, can be analysed. The minor modification of reagents results in a good precision and sensitivity, which is demonstrated by a relative standard deviation of 5--9% and recoveries of 98%. This technique is of particular interest because it allows polyamine determination in biological samples with high concentrations of salt.
    Journal of Chromatography A 05/1979; 162(4):547-59. · 4.61 Impact Factor
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    FEBS Letters 05/1977; 76(2):311-5. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: During development of rat heart hypertrophy induced by repeated injections of triiodothyronine (T3), cell-free protein synthesis activities of heart post-ribosomal supernatant and of heart polysomes have been measured separately. This was done by complementation respectively with polysomes and post-ribosomal supernatants of adult and newborn rat heart, and of rabbit reticulocytes. In the presence of polysomes of either rat heart or reticulocytes, protein synthesis activity of the supernatant was maximum between the 3rd and the 8th day of treatment. Protein synthesis in the presence of polysomes from triiodothyronine treated rat hearts and of supernatants of both origins was maximum between the 11th and the 15th day.
    Biochimie 02/1977; 59(11-12):863-8. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have identified theliver-regulating pro- tein(LRP), a cellsurfaceproteininvolvedinthe maintenanceofhepatocytedifferentiation when cocul- turedwithratliverepithelial cells(RLEC) .LRP was definedby immunoreactivityto a monoclonal antibody (mAb L8) preparedfrom RLEC .mAb L8 specifically detectedtwo polypeptidesof 85 and 73 kD inimmu- noprecipitation ofboth hepatocyte-and RLEC- iodinatedplasma membranes .The involvementof thesepolypeptides,which areintegralmembrane pro- teins,incellinteraction-mediated regulationofhepato- cyteswas assessedby evaluatingtheperturbingeffects oftheantibodyon cocultureswithRLEC .Several parameterscharacteristic ofdifferentiated hepatocytes were studied,such as liver-specific and house-keeping