Christine M Lohse

Mayo Clinic - Rochester, Рочестер, Minnesota, United States

Are you Christine M Lohse?

Claim your profile

Publications (320)1365.19 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although statins have been found to induce apoptosis and demonstrate antimetastases activity both in vitro and in vivo for renal cell carcinoma (RCC), clinical evidence of a role for these medications is limited. We evaluated the association of statin therapy with outcomes among patients with surgically treated localized RCC. We reviewed 2,357 patients who underwent nephrectomy between 1995 and 2009 for pNx/0, M0 RCC. Of these, 630 (27%) were taking statins within 3 months of surgery. Progression-free survival, cancer-specific survival, and overall survival were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The associations of statin use with clinicopathologic outcomes were evaluated with multivariable logistic and proportional hazards regression models. Statin therapy at the time of nephrectomy was not significantly associated with the risks of locally advanced (pT3-4) pathologic tumor stage (odds ratio = 0.96; P = 0.80) or high (3-4) tumor grade (odds ratio = 1.11; P = 0.30). Median postoperative follow-up was 7.8 years. Compared with patients not on statin therapy, patients taking statins at surgery had similar 10-year progression-free survival (80% vs. 79%; P = 0.56), cancer-specific survival (85% vs. 84%; P = 0.71), and overall survival (59% vs. 64%; P = 0.11). On multivariable analysis, statin use was not significantly associated with the risks of disease progression (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.22; P = 0.10), death from RCC (HR = 1.02; P = 0.90), or all-cause mortality (HR = 0.84; P = 0.05). We found no independent association between preoperative statin therapy and oncologic outcomes among patients with surgically treated localized RCC. Our data thus do not support an anticancer role for statin therapy in this setting. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Urologic Oncology 02/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.urolonc.2015.01.009 · 3.36 Impact Factor
  • Christine M. Lohse, Sounak Gupta, John C. Cheville
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Outcome assessment for renal cell carcinoma is somewhat controversial. Despite numerous studies, a very limited variety of features have been recognized as having prognostic significance in clinical practice. In this review, tumor features considered to be of importance in outcome prediction for surgically treated patients with the 3 most commonly encountered morphotypes of renal cell carcinoma (clear cell, papillary, and chromophobe renal cell carcinoma) are evaluated. In particular, we have focused upon histologic subtype, sarcomatoid and rhabdoid differentiation, TNM staging, primary tumor size, tumor grade, and the presence of histologic coagulative tumor necrosis. We have also examined the importance of these prognostic features in a variety of postoperative or outcome prediction models developed by several institutions. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology 02/2015; DOI:10.1053/j.semdp.2015.02.008 · 1.80 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with rhabdoid differentiation is thought to portend a poor prognosis, similar to RCC with sarcomatoid differentiation. Both features are currently classified as grade 4 RCC based on the most recent International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grading system. We reviewed a large series of patients with grade 4 RCC to determine the differential effects of rhabdoid and sarcomatoid differentiation on patient outcome. We identified 406 patients with ISUP grade 4 RCC including 111 (27%) with rhabdoid differentiation. In multivariable analysis of grade 4 RCC tumors, the presence of rhabdoid differentiation was not associated with death from RCC (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.95; p=0.75); in contrast, sarcomatoid differentiation was significantly associated with death from RCC (HR: 1.63; p<0.001). Patients with RCC with rhabdoid differentiation were significantly more likely to die of RCC than a comparison cohort of 1758 patients with grade 3 RCC (HR: 2.45; p<0.001). The novel findings of our study suggest that rhabdoid and sarcomatoid differentiation should not be grouped together when assessing risk in a patient with grade 4 RCC but support the notion that rhabdoid differentiation is appropriately placed in the ISUP grade 4 category. Copyright © 2015 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Wide local excision with 5-mm margins is the standard of care for lentigo maligna (LM). Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) is used increasingly to treat this tumor. To study the authors' experience with these 2 approaches. Primary LM cases treated at the authors' institution from January 1, 1995, through December 31, 2005, were studied retrospectively. Main outcome measures were recurrence and outcomes after treatment for recurrence. In total, 423 LM lesions were treated in 407 patients: 269 (64%) with wide excision and 154 (36%) with MMS. In the MMS group (primarily larger head and neck lesions with indistinct clinical margins), recurrence rates were 3 of 154 (1.9%). In the wide excision group (primarily smaller, nonhead and neck, or more distinct lesions), recurrence rates were 16 of 269 (5.9%). Each of the 16 recurrences was biopsy proven and treated surgically: 6 by standard excision and 10 by MMS. This follow-up study of LM surgical treatments shows excellent outcomes for wide excision and MMS. Because this is a nonrandomized retrospective study, no direct comparisons between the 2 treatments can be made. When recurrences occurred, repeat surgery, either standard excision or MMS, was usually sufficient to provide definitive cure.
    Dermatologic Surgery 01/2015; DOI:10.1097/DSS.0000000000000248 · 1.56 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Kaposi varicelliform eruption (KVE), or herpes simplex virus (HSV) superinfection of pre-existing skin lesions, may complicate Darier disease. We sought to compare the clinical features and outcomes of patients with Darier disease who developed KVE superinfection with those who did not. A 20-year retrospective analysis of 79 patients with Darier disease treated at our institution was performed. Eleven (14%) patients developed KVE, of whom 45% required hospitalization for their skin disease during the follow-up period. Patients with KVE had more severe Darier disease (P = .030) and were more likely to be hospitalized (P = .015). HSV was detected in erosions without concomitant vesicles or pustules in 64% of confirmed cases. In all, 23 (55%) patients with erosions had HSV testing pursued. Retrospective study design is a limitation. The majority of KVE occurs in painless or painful erosions that may also appear impetiginized without vesicle or pustule formation. As HSV superinfection is correlated with severe Darier disease and risk for hospitalization, increased recognition of this phenomenon may lead to better patient outcomes. Copyright © 2014 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 01/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jaad.2014.12.001 · 5.00 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a rare, low-grade cutaneous malignancy that sometimes transforms into a high-grade fibrosarcomatous variant (DFSP-FS). Limited data compare clinical features and biological behavior of these 2 entities. We sought to compare clinical features and biological behavior of DFSP and DFSP-FS. This was a retrospective cohort study of ambulatory patients with DFSP or DFSP-FS treated between January 1955 and March 2012 in the dermatology department of a tertiary care academic medical center. Of 188 patients, 171 (91%) had DFSP and 17 (9%) had DFSP-FS. Recurrence-free survival differed significantly between the groups over time (P = .002). The 1-year and 5-year recurrence-free survival was 94% and 86%, respectively, for DFSP, vs 86% and 42%, respectively, for DFSP-FS. Metastatic disease occurred in no patients with DFSP and in 18% (3 of 17) with DFSP-FS (P < .001). There were no statistically significant differences in age at diagnosis, sex, race, symptomatology, maximum tumor size, muscle/bone invasion, or duration of tumor before diagnosis. The retrospective nature of study was a limitation. DFSP-FS exhibits more aggressive behavior than DFSP, with lower recurrence-free survival and greater metastatic potential. Their similar clinical presentation mandates histopathological differentiation for prognosis. Copyright © 2014 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 01/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jaad.2014.11.020 · 5.00 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: : Although experts recognize that including patient functional and social variables would improve models predicting risk of using costly health services, these self-reported variables are not widely used. Explore differences in predisposing characteristics, enabling resources, patient-perceived need for care and professionally evaluated need for care variables between patients receiving primary care within a Health Care Home who did and did not use hospital, emergency department, or skilled nursing facility services in a 3-month period of time. Primary care. Guided by the Behavioral Model of Health Service Use, a secondary analysis was conducted on data from a study that included 57 community-dwelling older adults receiving primary care in a Health Care Home. Because of the exploratory nature of the study, group differences in the use of costly care services were compared at the 0.10 level of statistical significance. Seventeen patients (29.8%) experienced costly care services. The greatest number of differences in variables between groups was in the category of patient-perceived need for care (functional impairments, dependencies, difficulties). Targeting case management services using evidence-based decision support tools such as prediction models enhances the opportunity to maximize outcomes and minimize waste of resources. Patient-perceived and clinician-evaluated need for care may need to be combined to fully describe the contextual needs that drive the use of health services. Difficulty with Activities with Daily Living and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living should be considered in future studies as candidate predictor variables for need for case management services in primary care settings.
    Professional case management 01/2015; 20(1):3-11. DOI:10.1097/NCM.0000000000000060
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac dysrhythmia. Current guidelines recommend obtaining thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels in all patients presenting with AF. Our aim was to investigate the utility of TSH levels for emergency department (ED) patients with a final diagnosis of AF while externally validating and potentially refining a clinical decision rule that recommends obtaining TSH levels only in patients with previous stroke, hypertension, or thyroid disease. We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional study of consecutive patients who presented to an ED from January 2011 to March 2014 with a final ED diagnosis of AF. Charts were reviewed for historical features and TSH level. We assessed the sensitivity and specificity of the previously derived clinical decision rule. Of the 1,964 patients who were eligible, 1,458 (74%) had a TSH level available for analysis. The overall prevalence of a low TSH (<0.3μIU/mL) was 2% (n=36). Elevated TSH levels (>5μIU/mL) were identified in 11% (n=159). The clinical decision rule had a sensitivity of 88.9% (95% CI [73.0-96.4]) and a specificity of 27.5% (95% CI [25.2-29.9]) for identifying a low TSH. When analyzed for its ability to identify any abnormal TSH values (high or low TSH), the sensitivity and specificity were 74.4% (95% CI [67.5-80.2]) and 27.3% (95% CI [24.9-29.9]), respectively. Low TSH in patients presenting to the ED with a final diagnosis of AF is rare (2%). The sensitivity of a clinical decision rule including a history of thyroid disease, hypertension, or stroke for identifying low TSH levels in patients presenting to the ED with a final diagnosis of atrial fibrillation was lower than originally reported (88.9% vs. 93%). When elevated TSH levels were included as an outcome, the sensitivity was reduced to 74.4%. We recommend that emergency medicine providers not routinely order TSH levels for all patients with a primary diagnosis of AF. Instead, these investigations can be limited to patients with new onset AF or those with a history of thyroid disease with no known TSH level within three months.
    The western journal of emergency medicine 01/2015; 16(1):195-202. DOI:10.5811/westjem.2014.11.23490
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: -Prompt recognition of underlying cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) infection in patients presenting with S. aureus bacteremia (SAB) is critical for optimal management of these cases. The goal of this study was to identify clinical predictors of CIED infection in patients presenting with SAB and no signs of pocket infection. -All cases of SAB in CIED recipients at Mayo Clinic from 2001 to 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. We identified 131 patients with CIED who presented with SAB and had no clinical signs of device pocket infection. Forty-five (34%) of these patients had underlying CIED infection based on clinical and/or echocardiographic criteria. The presence of a permanent pacemaker rather than an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (OR 3.90, 95% CI 1.65-9.23), P=0.002), >1 device-related procedure (OR 3.30, 95% CI 1.23-8.86, P=0.018), and duration of SAB ≥4 days (OR 5.54, 95% CI 3.32-13.23, P<0.001) were independently associated with an increased risk of CIED infection in a multivariable model. The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC) for the multivariable model was 0.79, indicating a good discriminatory capacity to distinguish SAB patients with and without CIED infection. -Among patients presenting with SAB and no signs of pocket infection, the risk of underlying CIED infection can be calculated based on the type of device, number of device-related procedures, and duration of SAB. We propose that patients without any of these high-risk features have a very low risk of underlying CIED infection and may be monitored closely without immediate device extraction. Prospective studies are needed to validate this risk prediction model.
    Circulation Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology 12/2014; 8(1). DOI:10.1161/CIRCEP.114.002199 · 5.42 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We aim to externally validate the Ottawa subarachnoid hemorrhage (OSAH) clinical decision rule. This rule identifies patients with acute nontraumatic headache who require further investigation. We conducted a medical record review of all patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with headache from January 2011 to November 2013. Per the OSAH rule, patients with any of the following predictors require further investigation: age 40 years or older, neck pain, stiffness or limited flexion, loss of consciousness, onset during exertion, or thunderclap. The rule was applied following the OSAH rule criteria. Patients were followed up for repeat visits within 7 days of initial presentation. Data were electronically harvested from the electronic medical record and manually abstracted from individual patient charts using a standardized data abstraction form. Calibration between trained reviewers was performed periodically. A total of 5034 ED visits with acute headache were reviewed for eligibility. There were 1521 visits that met exclusion criteria, and 3059 had headache of gradual onset or time to maximal intensity greater than or equal to 1 hour. The rule was applied to 454 patients (9.0%). There were 9 cases of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), yielding an incidence of 2.0% (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0%-3.9%) in the eligible cohort. The sensitivity for SAH was 100% (95% CI, 62.9%-100%); specificity, 7.6% (95% CI, 5.4%-10.6%); positive predictive value, 2.1% (95% CI 1.0%-4.2%); and negative predictive value, 100% (95% CI, 87.4%-100%). The OSAH rule was 100% sensitive for SAH in the eligible cohort. However, its low specificity and applicability to only a minority of ED patients with headache (9%) reduce its potential impact on practice. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    American Journal of Emergency Medicine 12/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2014.11.049 · 1.15 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective● To evaluate clinical and radiographic predictors of need for partial or circumferential resection of the inferior vena cava (IVC-R) requiring complex vascular reconstruction during venous tumor thrombectomy for renal cell carcinoma (RCC).Patients and Methods● Data were collected regarding 172 patients with RCC and IVC (level I-IV) venous tumor thrombus who underwent radical nephrectomy with tumor thrombectomy at the Mayo Clinic between 2000 and 2010.● Preoperative imaging was re-reviewed by one of two radiologists blinded to details of the patient's surgical procedure.● Univariable and multivariable associations of clinical and radiographic features with IVC-R were evaluated by logistic regression.● Secondary analysis assessed the ability of the model to predict histologic invasion of the IVC by the tumor thrombus.Results● Of the 172 patients, 38 (22%) underwent IVC-R procedures during nephrectomy.● Optimal radiographic cut-points determined to predict need for IVC-R based on preoperative imaging included a renal vein (RV) diameter at the RV ostium (RVo) of 15.5 mm, maximal AP diameter of the IVC of 34.0 mm and AP and coronal diameters of the IVC at the RVo of 24 mm and 19 mm respectively.● On multivariable analysis, the presence of a right-sided tumor (OR 3.3; p=0.017), AP diameter of the IVC at the RVo ≥ 24.0 mm (OR 4.4; p=0.017), and radiographic identification of complete occlusion of the IVC at the RVo (OR 4.9; p<0.001) were associated with a significantly increased risk of IVC-R. The c-index for the model was 0.81.Conclusions● We present a multivariable model of radiographic features associated with the need for IVC-R during tumor thrombectomy● Pending external validation, this model may be used for preoperative planning, patient counseling, and planned involvement of vascular surgical colleagues in anticipation of need for complex vascular repair.
    BJU International 11/2014; DOI:10.1111/bju.13005 · 3.13 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and American Urological Association (AUA) provide guidelines for surveillance after surgery for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Herein, we assess the ability of the guidelines to capture RCC recurrences and determine the duration of surveillance required to capture 90%, 95%, and 100% of recurrences. We evaluated 3,651 patients who underwent surgery for M0 RCC between 1970 and 2008. Patients were stratified as AUA low risk (pT1Nx-0) after partial (LR-partial) or radical nephrectomy (LR-radical) or as moderate/high risk (M/HR; pT2-4Nx-0/pTanyN1). Guidelines were assessed by calculating the percentage of recurrences detected when following the 2013 and 2014 NCCN and AUA recommendations, and associated Medicare costs were compared. At a median follow-up of 9.0 years (interquartile range, 5.7 to 14.4 years), a total of 1,088 patients (29.8%) experienced a recurrence. Of these, 390 recurrences (35.9%) were detected using 2013 NCCN recommendations, 742 recurrences (68.2%) were detected using 2014 NCCN recommendations, and 728 recurrences (66.9%) were detected using AUA recommendations. All protocols missed the greatest amount of recurrences in the abdomen and among pT1Nx-0 patients. To capture 95% of recurrences, surveillance was required for 15 years for LR-partial, 21 years for LR-radical, and 14 years for M/HR patients. Medicare surveillance costs for one LR-partial patient were $1,228.79 using 2013 NCCN, $2,131.52 using 2014 NCCN, and $1,738.31 using AUA guidelines. However, if 95% of LR-partial recurrences were captured, costs would total $9,856.82. If strictly followed, the 2014 NCCN and AUA guidelines will miss approximately one third of RCC recurrences. Improved surveillance algorithms, which balance patient benefits and health care costs, are needed. © 2014 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/2014; 32(36). DOI:10.1200/JCO.2014.56.5416 · 17.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Complications from graft-vs.-host disease (GVHD), a major contributor to morbidity and mortality following hematopoietic cell transplantation, may be mitigated by early diagnosis and intervention. However, differentiation between acute cutaneous GVHD and other common skin eruptions that develop in the post-transplantation period, such as drug hypersensitivity reaction, can be challenging clinically and microscopically. Because recent evidence indicates that CD123, a marker of plasmacytoid dendritic cells, can help to distinguish gastrointestinal GVHD from the clinicopathologic mimic cytomegalovirus colitis, we aimed to determine whether CD123 could aid in the diagnosis of acute cutaneous GVHD.Methods We studied 12 skin specimens of patients with grades I-II cutaneous GVHD and 12 from patients who had drug hypersensitivity reaction with vacuolar interface changes on biopsy.ResultsNo differences were seen between the two groups with regards to density or distribution of CD123 expression. Specimens representing GVHD showed significantly less spongiosis (P < 0.001) and fewer dermal eosinophils (P = 0.03) compared to those representing drug hypersensitivity reaction.Conclusions We conclude that CD123 does not appear to be a useful ancillary test in the diagnosis of acute cutaneous GVHD. Careful correlation between clinical findings and features with microscopy remains the cornerstone of accurate diagnosis of acute cutaneous GVHD.
    Journal of Cutaneous Pathology 11/2014; 42(1). DOI:10.1111/cup.12427 · 1.56 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate outcomes of percutaneous ablation of small renal tumors in the elderly population. Patients and Methods: Utilizing our tumor ablation database, we searched for percutaneous ablation procedures for clinical T1a renal masses in octogenarians and nonagenarians between June 2001 and May 2012. Altogether 105 tumors from 99 procedures among 95 patients (mean age 84.0 ± 3.0 years, range 80-92) were identified. Oncologic outcomes and major complications were evaluated. Assessment also included patient hospital stays and renal functional outcomes. Results: Technical success was achieved in 60/61 (98.4%) tumors treated with cryoablation and 43/44 (97.7%) after radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Of 87 renal tumors with at least 3 months imaging follow up, 2 (5.4%) tumors progressed at 1.2 and 2.2 years following RFA. None recurred following cryoablation. Estimated progression-free survival rates at 1, 3, and 5 years following ablation were 99%, 97%, and 97%, respectively. Thirty-four patients died at a mean of 3.7 years following ablation (median 3.7; range 0.4-9.6). Estimated overall survival rates were 98%, 83%, and 61%, respectively. Among 33 patients with sporadic, biopsy-proven renal cell carcinoma, estimated cancer-specific survival rates were 100%, 100%, and 86%, respectively. Five (8.6%) major complications developed after renal cryoablation with no (0%) major complication after RFA. Mean decrease in serum creatinine within one week following ablation was 0.1 mg/dL. Mean hospitalization was 1.2 days. Conclusion: Percutaneous thermal ablation is safe and effective in the active management of clinical T1a renal masses in elderly patients. These results should help urologists appropriately assess expected outcomes when counseling octogenarian and nonagenarian patients.
    Journal of endourology / Endourological Society 11/2014; DOI:10.1089/end.2014.0733 · 1.75 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is an indicator of the systemic inflammatory response. An increased pretreatment NLR has been associated with adverse outcomes in other malignancies, but its role in localized (M0) clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) remains unclear. As such, we evaluated the ability of preoperative NLR to predict oncologic outcomes in patients with M0 ccRCC undergoing radical nephrectomy (RN). Methods and materials From 1995 to 2008, 952 patients underwent RN for M0 ccRCC. Of these, 827 (87%) had pretreatment NLR collected within 90 days before RN. Metastasis-free, cancer-specific, and overall survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test. Multivariate models were used to analyze the association of NLR with clinicopathologic outcomes. Results At a median follow-up of 9.3 years, 302, 233, and 436 patients had distant metastasis, death from ccRCC, and all-cause mortality, respectively. Higher NLR was associated with larger tumor size, higher nuclear grade, histologic tumor necrosis, and sarcomatoid differentiation (all, P<0.001). A NLR≥4.0 was significantly associated with worse 5-year cancer-specific (66% vs. 85%) and overall survival (66% vs. 85%). Finally, after controlling for clinicopathologic features, NLR remained independently associated with risks of death from ccRCC and all-cause mortality (hazard ratio for 1-unit increase: 1.02, P< 0.01). Conclusions Our results suggest that NLR is independently associated with increased risks of cancer-specific and all-cause mortality among patients with M0 ccRCC undergoing RN. Accordingly, NLR, an easily obtained marker of biologically aggressive ccRCC, may be useful in preoperative patient risk stratification.
    Urologic Oncology 11/2014; 32(8). DOI:10.1016/j.urolonc.2014.05.014 · 3.36 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: To assess whether the individual housing-based socioeconomic status (SES) measure termed HOUSES was associated with post-myocardial infarction (MI) mortality. Methods: The study was designed as a population-based cohort study, which compared post-MI mortality among Olmsted County, Minnesota, USA, residents with different SES as measured by HOUSES using Cox proportional hazards models. Subjects' addresses at index date of MI were geocoded to real property data to formulate HOUSES (a z-score for housing value, square footage, and numbers of bedrooms and bathrooms). Educational levels were used as a comparison for the HOUSES index. Results: 637 of the 696 eligible patients with MI (92%) were successfully geocoded to real property data. Post-MI survival rates were 60% (50-72), 78% (71-85), 72% (60-87), and 87% (81-93) at 2 years for patients in the first (the lowest SES), second, third, and fourth quartiles of HOUSES, respectively (p < 0.001). HOUSES was associated with post-MI all-cause mortality, controlling for all variables except age and comorbidity (p = 0.036) but was not significant after adjusting for age and comorbidity (p = 0.24). Conclusions: Although HOUSES is associated with post-MI mortality, the differential mortality rates by HOUSES were primarily accounted for by age and comorbid conditions. HOUSES may be useful for health disparities research concerning cardiovascular outcomes, especially in overcoming the paucity of conventional SES measures in commonly used datasets.
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11/2014; 11(11):11597-11615. DOI:10.3390/ijerph111111597 · 1.99 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP), an IgA mediated small vessel vasculitis, is the most common form of vasculitis in children. HSP is commonly associated with systemic involvement of the gastrointestinal tract, joints and kidneys. Renal involvement is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in HSP.Objective To characterize the clinical, histopathologic and direct immunofluorescence (DIF) findings and to correlate findings with systemic disease in 34 children with HSP seen at our institution.Methods Retrospective review of pediatric patients with HSP and available biopsy specimens seen at our institution between 1993-2013.ResultsOf the 34 pediatric patients identified, mean age was 10.7 years. Renal involvement was found in 17 (50%) patients, gastrointestinal tract involvement in 22 (65%) and joint involvement in 23 (68%). Renal involvement was significantly associated with papillary dermal edema on histopathology (p=0.002) and presence of perivascular C3 on DIF (p=0.014). Presence of lesions above the waist was significantly associated with gastrointestinal involvement (p=0.033), as was presence of clinically apparent edema (p=0.012).Conclusion This study suggests that in children with HSP, microscopic dermal edema and C3 on DIF may be predictive of renal involvement. Patients with clinically apparent edema and lesions above the waist are more likely to have gastrointestinal involvement.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    British Journal of Dermatology 10/2014; DOI:10.1111/bjd.13472 · 3.76 Impact Factor
  • European Urology 09/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.eururo.2014.09.014 · 12.48 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Partial nephrectomy (PN) is a preferred treatment for cT1 renal masses, whereas thermal ablation represents an alternative nephron-sparing option, albeit with higher reported rates of recurrence. Objective To review our experience with PN, percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA), and percutaneous cryoablation for cT1 renal masses. Design, setting, and participants A total of 1803 patients with primary cT1N0M0 renal masses treated between 2000 and 2011 were identified from the prospectively maintained Mayo Clinic Renal Tumor Registry. Intervention PN compared with percutaneous ablation. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis Local recurrence-free, metastases-free, and overall survival rates were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared with log-rank tests. Results and limitations Of the 1424 cT1a patients, 1057 underwent PN, 180 underwent RFA, and 187 underwent cryoablation. In this cohort, local recurrence-free survival was similar among the three treatments (p = 0.49), whereas metastases-free survival was significantly better after PN (p = 0.005) and cryoablation (p = 0.021) when compared with RFA. Of the 379 cT1b patients, 326 patients underwent PN, and 53 patients were managed with cryoablation (8 RFA patients were excluded). In this cohort, local recurrence-free survival (p = 0.81) and metastases-free survival (p = 0.45) were similar between PN and cryoablation. In both the cT1a and cT1b groups, PN patients were significantly younger, with lower Charlson scores and had superior overall survival (p < 0.001 for all). Limitations include retrospective review and selection bias. Conclusions In a large cohort of sporadic cT1 renal masses, we observed that recurrence-free survival was similar for PN and percutaneous ablation patients. Metastases-free survival was superior for PN and cryoablation patients when compared with RFA for cT1a patients. Overall survival was superior after PN, likely because of selection bias. If these results were validated, an update to clinical guidelines would be warranted. Patient summary Partial nephrectomy and percutaneous ablation for small (<7-cm) and localized renal masses are associated with similar rates of local recurrence.
    European Urology 09/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.eururo.2014.07.021 · 12.48 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Compassion fatigue (CF) is the emotional and physical burden felt by those helping others in distress, leading to a reduced capacity and interest in being empathetic towards future suffering. Emergency care providers are at an increased risk of CF secondary to their first responder roles and exposure to traumatic events. We aimed to investigate the current state of compassion fatigue among emergency medicine (EM) resident physicians, including an assessment of contributing factors.
    The western journal of emergency medicine 09/2014; 15(6):629-35. DOI:10.5811/westjem.2014.5.21624

Publication Stats

12k Citations
1,365.19 Total Impact Points


  • 1999–2015
    • Mayo Clinic - Rochester
      • • Department of Dermatology
      • • Department of Urology
      • • Department of Laboratory Medicine & Pathology
      • • Department of Health Science Research
      • • Department of Cardiovascular Diseases
      Рочестер, Minnesota, United States
  • 2000–2014
    • Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
      • • Department of Urology
      • • Department of Immunology
      • • Department of Health Sciences Research
      • • Division of Cardiovascular Diseases
      • • Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism, and Nutrition
      Rochester, Michigan, United States
  • 2013
    • University of Otago
      Taieri, Otago Region, New Zealand
  • 2012
    • University of Ottawa
      Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    • University of Iowa
      Iowa City, Iowa, United States
  • 2008
    • University of Minnesota Rochester
      Rochester, Minnesota, United States
  • 2007
    • Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
      • Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry
      Praha, Praha, Czech Republic
  • 2006
    • Oconee Medical Center
      Seneca, South Carolina, United States
    • Oregon Health and Science University
      Portland, Oregon, United States
  • 2005
    • University of Illinois Springfield
      Спрингфилд, Florida, United States
  • 2002
    • Northside Hospital
      Atlanta, Georgia, United States
  • 2001
    • Swarthmore College
      Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, United States