Xiaoming Su

306th Hospital Of PLA, Peping, Beijing, China

Are you Xiaoming Su?

Claim your profile

Publications (10)16.71 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We examined alterations in the expression of tumorigenesis-related genes in the pituitary gland of rats exposed to electromagnetic pulses (EMP). The global gene expression profiles of the pituitary gland in EMP-exposed and control groups were detected by cDNA microarray analysis. We then validated and further investigated the reduced expression of two tumorigenesis-related genes, Pten, and Jund, by assessing their mRNA and protein expression by quantitative real-time-PCR, western blotting, and immunohistochemistry in the pituitary gland of rats 6 months after exposure to EMP. EMP exposure induced genome-wide gene expression changes in the rat pituitary gland. There was decreased expression of the Pten and Jund mRNAs and proteins in EMP-exposed rats compared with in unexposed control animals. EMP exposure alters the expression of tumorigenesis-related genes in the pituitary gland. These tumorigenesis-related genes are potentially involved in the development of pituitary gland tumors in rats.
    Biomedical and Environmental Sciences 10/2011; 24(5):560-8. · 1.15 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine biological effects of nitric oxide (NO) on radiosensitivity and chromosome aberrations in different phases of the cell cycle in human cancer cells with a wild-type p53 (wtp53) genotype. H1299/wtp53 cells were pre-treated with isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) at different concentrations or pre-irradiated with a low dose of X-rays, and then exposed to a high dose of X-rays. Cell synchronization was achieved with serum starvation. Cellular radiosensitivity, cell cycle distributions, and chromosome aberrations were assayed with colony-forming assays, flow cytometry and chromosome banding techniques, respectively. After treatment with ISDN at a low concentration or after an exposure to 0.02 Gy of X-rays, radioresistance and a reduction in the number of chromosome aberrations were observed mainly 17.5 h after plating mitotic cells. This radioadaptation effect was observed during a clearly shortened G(2)/M phase and a slightly prolonged S phase. In contrast, in the presence of a high concentration of ISDN, radiosensitization and the enhancement of chromosome aberrations were detected principally 17.5 h after plating mitotic cells, and this radiosensitization was observed during a significantly prolonged G(2)/M phase and a slightly shortened S phase. A range of concentrations of NO induced opposing effects on radiosensitivity and chromosome aberrations in human non-small cell lung cancer cells bearing wtp53 gene status, and these different effects produced by NO depended on the cell cycle phase.
    Journal of Radiation Research 07/2011; 52(5):609-15. · 1.45 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It has been reported that priming irradiation or conditioning irradiation with a low dose of X-rays in the range of 0.02-0.1 Gy induces a p53-dependent adaptive response in mammalian cells. The aim of the present study was to clarify the effect of space radiations on the adaptive response. Two human lymphoblastoid cell lines were used; one cell line bears a wild-type p53 (wtp53) gene, and another cell line bears a mutated p53 (mp53) gene. The cells were frozen during transportation on the space shuttle and while in orbit in the International Space Station freezer for 133 days between November 15, 2008 and March 29, 2009. After the frozen samples were returned to Earth, the cells were cultured for 6 h and then exposed to a challenging X-ray-irradiation (2 Gy). Cellular sensitivity, apoptosis, and chromosome aberrations were scored using dye-exclusion assays, Hoechst33342 staining assays, and chromosomal banding techniques, respectively. In cells exposed to space radiations, adaptive responses such as the induction of radioresistance and the depression of radiation-induced apoptosis and chromosome aberrations were observed in wtp53 cells but not in mp53 cells. These results have confirmed the hypothesis that p53-dependent adaptive responses are apparently induced by space radiations within a specific range of low doses. The cells exhibited this effect owing to space radiations exposure, even though the doses in space were very low.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 11/2010; 78(4):1171-6. · 4.59 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nimustine (ACNU) is a chloroethylating agent which was the most active chemotherapy agent used for patients with high-grade gliomas until the introduction of temozolomide, which became the standard of care for patients with newly diagnosed glioblastomas in Japan. Since temozolomide was established as the standard first-line therapy for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), ACNU has been employed as a salvage chemotherapy agent for recurrent GBM in combination with other drugs. The acting molecular mechanism in ACNU has yet to be elucidated. ACNU is a cross-linking agent which induces DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). The work described here was intended to clarify details in repair pathways which are active in the repair of DNA DSBs induced by ACNU. DSBs are repaired through the homologous recombination (HR) and non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) pathways. Cultured mouse embryonic fibroblasts were used which have deficiencies in DNA DSB repair genes which are involved in HR repair (X-ray repair cross-complementing group 2 [XRCC2] and radiation sensitive mutant 54 [Rad54]), and in NHEJ repair (DNA ligase IV [Lig4]). Cellular sensitivity to ACNU treatment was evaluated with colony forming assays. The most effective molecular target which correlated with ACNU cell sensitivity was Lig4. In addition, it was found that Lig4 small-interference RNA (siRNA) efficiently enhanced cell lethality which was induced by ACNU in human glioblastoma A172 cells. These findings suggest that the down-regulation of Lig4 might provide a useful tool which can be used to increase cell sensitivity in response to ACNU chemotherapy.
    Cancer Science 08/2010; 101(8):1881-5. · 3.48 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of nitric oxide (NO) on radiation-induced cell killing and chromosome aberrations in two human lung cancer cell lines with a different p53 gene status. We used wild-type (wt) p53 and mutated (m) p53 cell lines that were derived from the human lung cancer H1299 cell line, which is p53 null. The wtp53 and mp53 cell lines were generated by transfection of the appropriate p53 constructs into the parental cells. Cells were pretreated with different concentrations of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) (an NO donor) and/or 2-(4-Carboxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide (c-PTIO) (an NO scavenger) and then exposed to X-rays. Cell survival, apoptosis, and chromosome aberrations were scored by use of a colony-forming assay, Hoechst 33342 staining assay and TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP [deoxyuridine triphosphate] nick end labeling) assay, and chromosomal banding techniques, respectively. In wtp53 cells the induction of radioresistance and the inhibition of apoptosis and chromosome aberrations were observed in the presence of ISDN at low 2- to 10-mumol/L concentrations before X-irradiation. The addition of c-PTIO and ISDN into the culture medium 6 h before irradiation almost completely suppressed these effects. However, at high concentrations of ISDN (100-500 mumol/L), clear evidence of radiosensitization, enhancement of apoptosis, and chromosome aberrations was detected. However, these phenomena were not observed in mp53 cells at either concentration range with ISDN. These results indicate that low and high concentrations of NO radicals can choreograph inverse radiosensitivity, apoptosis, and chromosome aberrations in human lung cancer cells and that NO radicals can affect the fate of wtp53 cells.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 04/2010; 77(2):559-65. · 4.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Heating induces histone H2AX phosphorylation at serine 139 (gammaH2AX). Phosphorylated H2AX subsequently forms foci in numerous mammalian cell lines. The aim of this study was to clarify details in the mechanisms involved in the phosphorylation of H2AX after heating. The cell lines used were DNA-PKcs knockout cells, ATM knockout cells, and their parental cell lines. To elucidate mechanisms of induction of phosphorylation of H2AX after heating, ATM/ATR inhibitor (CGK733) and DNA-PK inhibitor (NU7026) were used. The intensity of gammaH2AX signals was assayed with flow cytometry. The thermal dose-response curve for the fluorescence intensity of gammaH2AX appearance in DNA-PKcs-/- cells during the heating period was similar to that observed in DNA-PKcs+/+ cells. On the other hand, the slope of thermal dose-response curve for them in ATM-/- cells was lower than that in ATM+/+ cells. Phosphorylation of H2AX after heating was suppressed by a combination of CGK733 and NU7026 in the culture medium in DNA-PKcs-/- cells, ATM-/- cells and in their parental cells. Although the phosphorylation of H2AX after heating was not suppressed by NU7026 in their parental cells, such phosphorylation was suppressed by CGK733 in their parental cells. These results indicate that ATM is the predominant protein which is active in the phosphorylation of histone H2AX after heating.
    Journal of Radiation Research 04/2010; 51(4):417-22. · 1.45 Impact Factor
  • Biological Sciences in Space 01/2010; 24(1):17-41.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To identify DNA damage induced by space radiations such as the high linear energy transfer (LET) particles, phospho-H2AX (γH2AX) foci formation was analyzed in human cells frozen in an International Space Station (ISS) freezer for 133 days. After recovering the frozen sample to the earth, the cells were cultured for 30 min, and then fixed. Here, we show a track of γH2AX positive foci in them by immuno-cytochemical methods. It is suggested that space radiations, especially high LET particles, induced DSBs as a track. From the formation of the tracks in nuclei, exposure dose rate was calculated to be 0.7 mSv per day as relatively high-energy space radiations of Fe-ions (500 MeV/u, 200 keV/µm). From the physical dosimetry with CR-39 and TLD, dose rate was 0.5 mSv per day. These values were similar between biological and physical dosimetries. In addition, the aim of this study was to clarify the effect of space radiations on the radio-adaptive response. After the frozen samples were returned to earth, the cells were cultured for 6 h, and then exposed to challenging X-irradiation doses of 1.2 Gy or 2 Gy. Cellular sensitivity, apoptosis, chromosome aberrations and mutation frequencies were scored. In the cells exposed to a space environment, all of radio-adaptive responses such as the induction of radio-resistance and the depression of radiation-induced apoptosis, chromosome aberrations and mutant frequencies investigated here were found in wtp53 cells, but not in the mp53 cells. These results confirmed that the cells exposed to a space environment were likely to the exposed cells to radiation by the specific low dose range (window; 20-100 mSv) which can lead to an adaptive response on ground-base experiments, and that the cells indicated the biological effects from the space-radiation exposure with such low doses in space.
    01/2010;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 著作権者:日本ハイパーサーミア学会 日本ハイパーサーミア学会及び著作者の許諾を得て登録 A conditioning mild heat treatment can depress subsequent severe heat-induced biological damage by inducing thermal tolerance. In the work described here, the effect of a conditioning mild heat exposure at 37°C was examined on the formation of gastric mucosa damage induced by a restraint plus water-immersion stress (RWIS) treatment in mice. RWIS treatments induced stomach ulcers in about 42% of the control animals, but a mild conditioning heat treatment at 37°C was found to depress the appearance of ulcers, and only about 9% of the pre-exposed animals developed ulcers. In addition, RWIS treatment induced an apoptosis rate in the stomach of about 13%, but a conditioning mild heat treatment depressed the apoptotic rate to about 8%. Since the heat shock protein (HSP) inducer geranylgeranylacetone (GGA) also efficiently depressed stomach ulcer incidence rates, it is suggested that gastric mucosa damage may be depressed by HSPs induced by a mild conditioning heat treatment through the depression of apoptosis.
    01/2009;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of electromagnetic pulse (EMP) on bone formation of MC3T3-E1 cells. Proliferation, ALP activity and mineralized nodule formation were examined in MC3T3-E1 cells after EMP exposure (field intensities: 0 kV/m, 50 kV/m, 400 kV/m, 400 pulses once a day for 7 days). After 50 kV/m EMP exposure, all the parameters of MC3T3-E1 cells were not changed significantly. However, the proliferation, ALP activity and mineralized nodule formation of MC3T3-E1 cells in 400 kV/m EMP exposure groups were decreased. In conclusion, the EMP we used was a possibly harmful factor for bone formation. It may suppress bone formation of MC3T3-E1 cells with higher electric field intensity.
    01/2008;