F Marmont

Azienda Ospedaliera Città della Salute e della Scienza, Torino, Piedmont, Italy

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Publications (61)375.68 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated a maintenance, post-remission treatment with low-dose chemotherapy plus differentiating agents on poor-prognosis acute myeloid leukemia (AML)/myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients ineligible to allografting. Patients had either age over 60 and/or secondary AML, therapy-related AML, previous relapse, high-risk MDS. Forty-five patients received the maintenance therapy based on two alternated schedules: (a) 6-thioguanine + 13-cis retinoic acid + dihydroxylated vitamin D3 and (b) low-dose cytarabine + 6-mercaptopurine + all-trans retinoic acid + dihydroxylated vitamin D3. We compared their outcome, at a median follow-up of 52 months, to that of a matched population of 49 patients who stopped treatments after consolidation. Maintenance group had a lower relapse incidence (70.3 vs. 86.4 % at 5 years p = 0.007) and a longer disease-free survival (median 21.2 vs. 8.7 months, p = 0.017). The relapse reduction improved overall survival: median 40.4 months (35.9 % at 5 years) for maintenance group vs. 15.8 (14.2 % at 5 years) for controls (p = 0.005). At multivariate Cox analysis, both cytogenetic and maintenance therapies resulted independent outcome predictors for overall survival. Maintenance treatment also reduced minimal residual disease (detected by WT1 and CBFβ-MYH11) in five of eight evaluable patients. The present results suggest that our strategy of maintenance therapy might improve the outcome of poor-risk AML/MDS patients.
    Annals of Hematology 04/2014; · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    Dataset: falco 11
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    ABSTRACT: Infections are a common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The evidence for efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis in reducing the mortality rates and the incidence of bacterial infections was also reported by a systematic review published by Cochrane in 2012. The objective of our study was to report the incidence and the etiology of bloodstream infections in patients with AML undergoing levofloxacin prophylaxis during neutropenic episodes. This was a retrospective study of patients with diagnosis of AML during 2001--2007. A total of 81 patients were included in the study. Two hundred and ninetyone neutropenic episodes were studied, of which 181 were febrile. Bacteria isolated from blood cultures were mostly Gram-positives during the induction (80%) and Gram-negatives during the consolidation (72.4%) phases of chemotherapy. Resistance to ciprofloxacin was found in 78.9% of isolated E. coli and it was higher during consolidation and higher than the hospital rate. The production of extended spectrum betalactamases (ESBL) in E. coli strains was reported in 12.1%, below the reported hospital rate during the study period. Regular microbiology surveillance is needed to better understand the impact of levofloxacin prophylaxis in neutropenic patients. Our study shows that Gram-positive bacteria are predominant during the induction phase of chemotherapy and Gram-negatives during the consolidation. The rate of fluoroquinolone resistance in the latter setting, even higher than the hospital rate, may suggest to reconsider levofloxacin prophylaxis.
    BMC Infectious Diseases 12/2013; 13(1):563. · 3.03 Impact Factor
  • Journal of chemotherapy (Florence, Italy) 09/2013; · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Aim of present study was to investigate the outcome of 94 adult patients with myelodysplasia (MDS) who received an allogeneic stem cell transplantation between January 1995 and September 2010 in two Italian hematological centers. At the time of transplant, 53 patients (56%) had relapsed/refractory disease. The cumulative incidence of grades II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and chronic GVHD were 33% (21%-45%, 95% CI) and 78% (66%-90%, 95% CI) respectively. The cumulative incidence of transplant-related mortality (TRM) at 100 days was 13% (5%-21%, 95% CI). The 2-year progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 41% (31%-51%, 95% CI) and 49% (38%-59%, 95% CI) respectively. On multivariate analysis, advanced disease stage at transplantation was the major independent variable associated with an inferior 2-year PFS (HR 3.58, 1.93-6.64, 95% CI, p<0.001) and OS (HR 3.6, 1.90-6.83 95% CI). The use of an alternative donor was the independent variable associated with TRM (HR 3.50, 1.38-8.88, 95% CI, p 0.04). In conclusion, our data suggest that disease status at the time of transplant is the major predictor for improved PFS and OS, and treatments required to reach this goal may have value in leading to improved outcome.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 06/2013; · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Core binding factor (CBF) acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) represents 5-8% of all AMLs and has a relatively favourable prognosis. However, activating c-KIT mutations are reported to be associated with higher risk of relapse and shorter survival. To verify the incidence and prognostic value of c-KIT mutations in CBF AML, we retrospectively analysed bone marrow samples of 23 consecutive adult patients with de novo CBF AML [14 inv(16) and 9 t(8;21)] treated at a single institution from 2000 to 2011. All patients received standard induction chemotherapy with cytarabine, idarubicin and etoposide; 13 underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation. c-KIT mutations in exons 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14 and 17 were assessed by PCR amplification in combination with direct sequencing. c-KIT mutations (3 in exon 10 and 4 in exon 17) were detected in 7/23 (30.4%) patients, 3 with t(8;21) and 4 with inv(16). No difference in c-KIT mutation status was observed between cases with inv(16) or t(8;21) alone and cases with additional cytogenetic abnormalities. No association between gender, age, white blood cell and platelet count, peripheral blood and bone marrow blast cells at diagnosis, achievement of complete remission, cytogenetic risk groups and Wilms tumour gene 1 (WT1) levels was found. On the contrary, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) values were higher in mutated than in non-mutated patients (p=0.01). Overall survival (OS) rates were longer in CBF compared to the other types of AML and disease-free survival (DFS) was longer in inv(16) than in t(8;21) AML. OS and DFS were similar in mutated and non-mutated CBF AML patients. Our results confirm a better prognosis for CBF AML than all other AML categories, and for inv(16) than t(8;21) AML. However, no prognostic value for c-KIT mutational status was found in our series. The association between LDH levels and c-KIT mutation would indicate a more active proliferation for mutated CBF AML.
    Oncology Reports 03/2013; · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Morphology and cytogenetics are currently used to define prognosis in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). However, these parameters have some limits. Flow cytometry has been recently included in the diagnostic panel for MDS, and its prognostic significance is under evaluation. Marrow aspirates from 424 MDS patients were analyzed by flow cytometry to evaluate the impact of bone marrow cell immunophenotype on overall survival (OS) and leukemia-free survival (LFS). The immature compartment of myeloblasts was analyzed by the quantitative expression of CD34 (<3% vs. ≥3%), CD117, and CD11b(-) /CD66b(-) (<5% vs. ≥5%); myeloid maturation was analyzed by the expression of CD11b(+) /CD66b(++) (<15% vs. ≥15%) and CD11b(+) /CD66b(+) (<25% vs. ≥25%). In univariate analysis, the expression of immaturity markers (CD34(+) , CD117(+) , and CD11b(-) /CD66b(-) ) was associated with shorter LFS and OS (P < 0.0001); higher expression of differentiation markers (CD11b(+) /CD66b(++) and CD11b(+) /CD66b(+) ) was associated with longer LFS (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.0002, respectively) and OS (P < 0.0001). In multivariate analysis, expression of CD34(+) (P = 0.007), CD117(+) (P = 0.013), and CD11b(+) /CD66b(++) (P = 0.023) retained independent prognostic value for OS, while only the expression of CD34(+) was a prognostic factor for LFS (P = 0.0003). Two different risk groups were defined according to the presence of 0-1 or ≥2 of these factors with significant different LFS and OS (P < 0.0001). This score showed prognostic value in predicting survival even in subanalysis according to IPSS and WHO subgroups. Flow cytometric analysis in MDS may provide meaningful prognostic information. Blast percentage expressed as CD117(+) or CD34(+) cells and the quantitative assessment of myeloid maturation showed prognostic value for survival.
    European Journal Of Haematology 06/2011; 87(5):409-18. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gain-of-function (GOF) mutations of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) are frequently seen in myeloproliferative disorders (MPDs). Meanwhile, JAK3 activating substitutions have been found in a few megakaryocytic cell lines and in primary myeloid leukemia (AMKL). Here, we sought to discover novel leukemogenetic mutations in de novo acute myeloid leukemia of non-Down syndrome (N-DS) by DNA sequencing. A total of 191 normal Caucasian individuals were studied to define single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the JH2 and JH6 domains. Although known activating substitutions were observed in rare cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (V722I [2/134] or P132T [1/119]), all samples were wild-type (WT) for the oncogenic A572V (119/119). Interestingly, a novel homozygous mutation (P132A) was discovered in a patient with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia and in vivo studies demonstrated that its ectopic expression was oncogenic in a mouse xenotransplant model. This study defines a novel JAK3 mutation among patients with N-DS AML and demonstrates that normal individuals can also display germline JAK3 substitutions, previously proven to have oncogenic properties, in vitro and in vivo. The discovery of these substitutions in normal donors encourages future studies to define new risk factors among patients with MPDs.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 05/2011; 52(9):1742-50. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Blood stream infections (BSIs) remain one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality for patients receiving an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). In the present study, we evaluated the incidence and characteristics of BSI within 1 year after allogeneic HSCT in 269 consecutive adult patients who received antibacterial prophylaxis with levofloxacin. Cumulative incidence of BSI was 12% (95% confidence interval, 8-16%). Bacteria were responsible for 30 out of the 32 BSI, while fungi were responsible for 2 episodes of BSI. The median onset of BSI was day 8 (range 1-328 days) post transplant, and 66% of BSI occurred before neutrophil recovery. Gram-positive organisms accounted for 60% (n=18) of bacteremia, and gram-negative isolates for 40% (n=12) of the cases. Coagulase-negative staphylococci were the most commonly isolated gram-positive pathogens (53% of the cases), while Escherichia coli was the most commonly isolated gram-negative bacteria (58% of the cases). Candida albicans and Candida guillermondii were isolated from patients with candidemia. Resistance to fluoroquinolones (FQ) was common with 13% of gram-positive isolates being susceptible to FQ, while 50% of the gram-negative rods were susceptible to FQ. Crude mortality and mortality attributable to BSI were both 3% (1 of 32). In conclusion, our data suggest that despite the emergence of antibiotic resistance, FQ prophylaxis may be considered an appealing approach in allogeneic HSCT recipients and is also worth evaluating in randomized studies.
    Transplant Infectious Disease 05/2011; 14(1):40-8. · 1.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: All-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) has greatly modified the prognosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia; however, the role of maintenance in patients in molecular complete remission after consolidation treatment is still debated. From July 1993 to May 2000, 807 genetically proven newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia patients received ATRA plus idarubicin as induction, followed by 3 intensive consolidation courses. Thereafter, patients reverse-transcribed polymerase chain reaction-negative for the PML-RARA fusion gene were randomized into 4 arms: oral 6-mercaptopurine and intramuscular methotrexate (arm 1); ATRA alone (arm 2); 3 months of arm1 alternating to 15 days of arm 2 (arm 3); and no further therapy (arm 4). Starting from February 1997, randomization was limited to ATRA-containing arms only (arms 2 and 3). Complete remission was achieved in 761 of 807 (94.3%) patients, and 681 completed the consolidation program. Of these, 664 (97.5%) were evaluated for the PML-RARA fusion gene, and 586 of 646 (90.7%) who tested reverse-transcribed polymerase chain reaction-negative were randomized to maintenance. The event-free survival estimate at 12 years was 68.9% (95% confidence interval, 66.4%-71.4%), and no differences in disease-free survival at 12 years were observed among the maintenance arms.
    Blood 03/2011; 117(18):4716-25. · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although chemotherapy and transplantation improve outcome of patients with hematological malignancy, complications of these therapies are responsible for a 20-50% mortality rate that increases when respiratory symptoms evolve into acute lung injury (ALI). The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of early continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) delivered in the ward to prevent occurrence of ALI requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission for mechanical ventilation. Patients with hematological malignancy presenting in the hematological ward with early changes in respiratory variables were randomized to receive oxygen (N = 20) or oxygen plus CPAP (N = 20). Primary outcome variables were need of mechanical ventilation requiring ICU admission, and intubation rate among those patients who required ICU admission. At randomization, arterial-to-inspiratory O(2) ratio in control and CPAP group was 282 ± 41 and 256 ± 52, respectively. Patients who received CPAP had less need of ICU admission for mechanical ventilation (4 versus 16 patients; P = 0.0002). CPAP reduced the relative risk for developing need of ventilatory support to 0.25 (95% confidence interval: 0.10-0.62). Among patients admitted to ICU, intubation rate was lower in the CPAP than in the control group (2 versus 14 patients; P = 0.0001). CPAP reduced the relative risk for intubation to 0.46 (95% confidence interval: 0.27-0.78). This study suggests that early use of CPAP on the hematological ward in patients with early changes in respiratory variables prevents evolution to acute lung injury requiring mechanical ventilation and ICU admission.
    European Journal of Intensive Care Medicine 10/2010; 36(10):1666-74. · 5.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML) is a haematopoietic malignancy with heterogeneous clinical and morphological features. It is classified in the World Health Organization myeloproliferative-myelodysplastic overlap category. JAK2(V617F) mutation can be found in a large percentage of patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms. To investigate the association between JAK2(V617F) mutation and clinical, haematological and bone marrow histological features in CMML and to verify whether the mutation is associated with the myeloproliferative type of the disease. 78 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed CMML from 2004 to 2008 were included in the study. JAK2(V617F) mutation was assessed using direct sequencing of exon 14 or by allele-specific PCR from total peripheral blood or bone marrow samples. JAK2(V617F) mutation was identified in eight cases (10.2%). All patients with the mutation presented with splenomegaly and had a significantly higher haemoglobin level and neutrophil count than patients without the mutation. All bone marrow biopsies of JAK2(V617F)-mutated CMML showed increased erythropoiesis, a marked myeloid and megakaryocytic hyperplasia with occasionally clustered megakaryocytes, and a mild or moderate (grade 1 or 2) fibrosis; six cases showed an increased number of dilated sinusoids and reactive lymphoid nodules. The results indicate that JAK2(V617F) mutation is associated with clinical and morphological features of the myeloproliferative type of CMML. Therefore, JAK2 mutation analysis together with bone marrow morphology could help in a more appropriate classification of the disease.
    Journal of clinical pathology 10/2009; 62(9):798-801. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the antitumor efficacy of three different anthracyclines in combination with cytarabine and etoposide in adult patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We randomly assigned 2,157 patients (age range, 15 to 60 years) to receive intensive induction-consolidation chemotherapy containing either daunorubicin, idarubicin, or mitoxantrone. After achieving complete remission (CR), patients were assigned to undergo either allogeneic or autologous stem-cell transplantation (SCT), depending on the availability of a sibling donor. The overall CR rate (69%) was similar in the three groups. Autologous SCT was performed in 37% of cases in the daunorubicin arm versus only 29% and 31% in mitoxantrone and idarubicin, respectively (P < .001). However, the disease-free survival (DFS) and survival from CR were significantly shorter in the daunorubicin arm: the 5-year DFS was 29% versus 37% and 37% in mitoxantrone and idarubicin, respectively. The proportion of patients who underwent allogeneic SCT (22%) was equivalent in the three treatment groups, and the outcome was similar as well. The [corrected] 5-year overall survival rates were 31%, 34%, and 34%, [corrected] respectively. In adult patients with AML who do not receive an allogeneic SCT, the use of mitoxantrone or idarubicin instead of daunorubicin enhances the long-term efficacy of chemotherapy.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2009; 27(32):5397-403. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe the case of a 19-year-old boy with acute leukaemia who developed primary hepatic zygomycosis. The patient presented with febrile neutropenia and severe abdominal tenderness. Despite the administration of antibiotics and liposomal Amphotericin-B (L-AmB), the CT scan demonstrated an increase in the size of liver lesions. A wide surgical resection was carried out and liver specimens demonstrated a branching, filamentous fungus that was identified as Rhizomucor pusillus by both phenotypic and molecular methods. The patient was treated with L-AmB combined with posaconazole, and deferasirox was subsequently added given the potential synergistic effect of this iron chelator in combination with L-AmB. Three months after surgical intervention, an allogeneic stem-cell transplantation was successfully carried out. The present case confirms that an early surgical management combined with antifungal agents is crucial to optimise the outcome of patients with zygomycosis and the use of deferasirox is a promising alternative.
    Mycoses 04/2009; 53(3):275-8. · 1.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The correlation between the bromodeoxiuridine (BrdU)-labelling index (LI) of plasma cells and a new proliferation marker, the Argyrophilic Nucleolar Organizer Regions (AgNORs), was investigated in 44 myeloma patients at diagnosis. A preliminary analysis was made to verify the reproducibility of the assessment of plasma cell infiltration (PC%) in bone marrow aspirates, used to collect cells for LI determination, and in bone marrow biopsies, used for AgNORs evaluation. Although an overall good correlation was observed between PC% in biopsies and aspirates (r=0.58, p=0.001), the ratio between PC% in biopsies and in aspirates ranged form 0.35 to 7.5. Only 17 patients (38.6%) were within the 0.5-1.5 range. A positive correlation between LI and AgNORs was observed in these patients (r=0.68, p=0.003), whereas the correlation was lost in patients with higher ratio between PC% in biopsies and in aspirates (r=0.08, p=0.69). The prognostic significance of AgNORs was confirmed by survival analysis, showing a reduced survival for patients with high (>4.4) AgNOR counts (14 months vs 35 months, p=0.004). The AgNORs analysis therefore allows the simultaneous evaluation of myeloma cell infiltration, degree of differentiation and kinetics of growth in bone marrow biopsies. AgNOR counts deserve to be included in the procedures for diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of myeloma patients.
    European Journal Of Haematology 01/2009; 56(1-2):39-44. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myelomonocytic acute myeloid leukemia (M4-AML) is frequently associated with the cytogenetic marker inv(16) and/or the presence of eosinophilia. The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence and prognostic role of these factors in a large series of patients. Adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia consecutively enrolled in the GIMEMA trials AML10 and LAM99p were retrospectively analyzed. Among 1686 patients, 400 cases of M4-AML were identified; of these, 78% had neither eosinophilia nor inv(16), 6% had eosinophilia only, 8% had inv(16) only and 8% had both. Univariate analysis showed that both eosinophilia and inv(16) were correlated with a higher probability of complete remission, lower resistance to chemotherapy and increased overall survival. Multivariate analysis showed that the simultaneous presence of the two factors significantly increased the probabilities of both complete remission and overall survival. The presence of only one of the two factors also increased the probabilities of complete remission and overall survival, but not to a statistically significant extent. The relapse-free survival of the responding patients was not influenced by the two factors. In a large series of patients with M4-AML we confirmed the favorable role of inv(16), but the weight of this factor among the whole M4 population was of limited relevance. Eosinophilia, which affects a small proportion of cases, also emerged as a favorable prognostic factor. Based on the results of this large case population, overall and relapse-free survival rates of patients with M4-AML are not significantly better than those of patients with non-M4 AML, while the concomitant presence of both inv(16) and eosinophilia was associated with a significantly improved prognosis.
    Haematologica 08/2008; 93(7):1025-32. · 5.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The kinetics of bone marrow plasma cells were evaluated by means of in vitro 3(H) thymidine incorporation in 143 patients with monoclonal gammopathies. Fifty-three patients had symptomatic multiple myeloma (MM) at diagnosis, nine were in stable remission, six in unstable remission, and 16 in the relapse phase. Thirty-seven patients were classified has having monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and 22 as smouldering myeloma (SM). A thymidine labelling index (LI%) of > 3 at initial diagnosis predicted a very short survival. High LI% values (median 2.8 ± 1.1) were also seen at relapse. However, the major new finding was that the LI% could be used to discriminate precisely between the SM-MGUS group and the MM patients including stage I disease (P < 0-0001). Only one patient developed MM during follow up, that being 8 months after the initial diagnosis of SM. During the unmaintained stable remission (plateau) phase a low proliferative activity was also observed (LI%= 0.6 ± 0.2).Thus the LI% was extremely useful in identification of both poor risk groups with a LI% > 3 and stable patients requiring no immediate therapy with a LI% < 1. The ability to discriminate between MGUS and SM and stage I MM should prove particularly useful clinically.
    British Journal of Haematology 03/2008; 58(4):689 - 696. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Etanercept is a recombinant human soluble tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) receptor fusion protein that inhibits TNF-alpha, a major mediator in the pathogenesis of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). The purpose of our study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of etanercept therapy in 21 patients with steroid-refractory acute GVHD (aGVHD) (n = 13) and chronic GVHD (cGVHD) (n = 8). Etanercept 25 mg was given subcutaneously twice weekly for 4 weeks followed by 25 mg weekly for 4 weeks. At the time of initiation of etanercept, 14 patients had skin, 13 had gastro-intestinal, 5 had liver, 5 had pulmonary, and 4 had oral involvement. Twelve patients (57%) completed 12 doses of therapy. Overall, 11 of 21 patients (52%) responded to the treatment with etanercept, including 6 patients (46%) with aGVHD [n = 4 complete response (CR), n = 2 partial response (PR)] and 5 patients (62%) with cGVHD (n = 1 CR, n = 4 PR). Clinical responses were most commonly seen in patients with refractory gut aGVHD with 55% of the patients having a CR and 9% having a PR. CMV reactivation occurred in 48% of patients, bacterial infections in 14% of patients, and fungal infections in 19% of patients. Fourteen patients (67%) were alive after a median follow-up of 429 days (range 71-1007 days) since initiation of etanercept. Seven patients died, 3 of infections, 2 of refractory aGVHD, and 2 of disease progression. In conclusion, our preliminary data indicate that etanercept is well tolerated and can induce a high response rate in patients with steroid-refractory aGVHD and cGVHD, particularly in the setting of GI involvement.
    American Journal of Hematology 02/2007; 82(1):45-52. · 4.00 Impact Factor
  • Leukemia Research - LEUK RES. 01/2007; 31.
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    ABSTRACT: We quantified Wilm's tumor gene (WT1) using a real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction in 20 adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia at presentation. A WT1 level greater than 906 (median value for the whole series) was a significant predictor of a poor disease-free and overall survival in uni- and multivariate analyses.
    Haematologica 03/2006; 91(2):270-1. · 5.94 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
375.68 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Azienda Ospedaliera Città della Salute e della Scienza
      Torino, Piedmont, Italy
  • 2011
    • LIUCBM Libera Università Campus Bio-Medico di Roma
      Roma, Latium, Italy
    • Ospedale San Giovanni Battista, ACISMOM
      Torino, Piedmont, Italy
  • 2008
    • The University of Arizona
      Tucson, Arizona, United States
  • 2004
    • University of Naples Federico II
      Napoli, Campania, Italy
  • 2002–2004
    • Sapienza University of Rome
      • Department of Cellular Biotechnology and Hematology BCE
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 1992–1998
    • Università degli Studi di Torino
      • Dipartimento di Biotecnologie Molecolari e Scienze per la Salute
      Torino, Piedmont, Italy