Tomio Abe

Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido, Japan

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Publications (101)200.13 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Performing a redo-sternotomy when a mammary artery graft is patent can be rather difficult. We previously reported a redo-sternotomy technique involving direct visualization with a retrosternal dissection (DR) method using a Kent's retractor. The DR method in detail is as follows:1)A midline skin incision is extended to the abdomen about 5 cm. 2)The bilateral costal arches are divided from the rectal muscle. 3)A pair of retractors is placed under the costal arch. 4)A stainless steel wire is applied to the previous sternal wire at the center of the sternum. 5)The retractor and sternal wire are lifted up using the Kent's retractor to widen the retrosternal space. 6)The sternum and sub-sternal tissue are carefully divided using an electronic scalpel or metal retractor with an entirely sternal length. 7) Routine sternotomy is performed using a Stryker. Herein, we report a patient who had undergone cardiac surgery, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), using a left internal mammary artery and mitral annuloplasty 2 years previously, and then developed mitral regurgitation caused by infectious endocarditis. He successfully underwent redo-sternotomy and mitral valve replacement using the DR method. In a patient with a patent internal mammary artery, the DR method greatly reduces the risk of graft injury.
    Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 08/2014; 67(9):843-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Because of high-aging Japanese society, high-risk patients with multiple co-morbidities have been increasing in regular open-heart surgery. Especially, extensive aortic atherosclerosis with severe calcification that involves the ascending aorta can complicate the choice of sites of cannulations and aortic cross-clamping for cardiopulmonary bypass. To date, the standard peripheral arterial cannulation site in such cases has been the common femoral artery;however, this approach carries the risk of atheroembolism due to retrograde aortic perfusion, or it is undesirable in case of severe iliofemoral disease. Recently, it has been reported that arterial perfusion through the axillary artery provides sufficient antegrade aortic flow associated with fewer atheroembolic complications. In this paper, we report 3 successful cases of valvular surgeries in which axillary artery cannulation was used to avoid complications of brain. In cases of extensive aortic atherosclerosis with severe calcification, arterial perfusion through the axillary artery is a safe and effective method to provide sufficient arterial inflow during cardiopulmonary bypass, and is an excellent alternative to femoral artery cannulation.
    Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 06/2013; 66(6):449-53.
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    ABSTRACT: Aortic coarctation in adults is sometimes associated with a fragile aortic wall and may be complicated by coronary artery disease and ascending aortic dilation. Successful management of aortic coarctation in a 45-year-old man with coronary artery disease is described. Tube graft replacement was carried out without cross clamping, under circulatory arrest with axillary artery and graft inflow.
    Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals 07/2007; 15(3):e41-2.
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    ABSTRACT: c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is reported to play crucial roles in T-cell activation and differentiation, and SP600125 is a small molecule that inhibits JNK. The aim of this study was to examine immunosuppressive action of this compound. Rat heterotopic heart transplantation, popliteal lymph node (PLN) hyperplasia bioassay and lymphocyte proliferation assay. SP600125 treatment reduced histological rejection, and dose-dependently extended median survival time of cardiac allografts from 7 days (vehicle) up to 20 days (40 mg/kg/day). Alloantigen-induced PLN hyperplasia was also inhibited by SP600125 in a similar fashion. SP600125 suppressed mixed lymphocyte reaction and OX52-positive lymphocyte proliferation (IC50: 1.5-5.7 microM). Thus, SP600125 inhibits both T-lymphocyte expansion in vitro and T-cell-mediated alloimmune responses in vivo. In addition, SP600125 interacted with cyclosporine additively to prolong cardiac allograft survival. Our data provide the first evidence indicating the potential for JNK as a therapeutic target to inhibit the alloimmune response.
    Transplantation 06/2007; 83(10):1358-64. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Conventional open repairs of thoracic aortic ruptures carry a high mortality and morbidity in patients over 85 years of age. Less invasive procedures may therefore be required to treat such elderly patients. An 87-year-old woman and 92-year-old man who had undergone emergency endovascular stent-grafting for thoracic aortic ruptures survived to discharge, despite critical conditions on admission.
    Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals 05/2007; 15(2):e25-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Acute distal aortic dissection rarely causes spinal cord ischemia presenting with paraplegia or paraparesis. Spinal cord involvement has poor outcomes, and there is no established effective treatment for this disorder. In this report we describe the acute conservative treatment of two cases of paraplegia/paraparesis due to acute type B aortic dissection. Early reversal of lower-limb dysmobility was achieved.
    Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals 01/2007; 14(6):e106-7.
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    ABSTRACT: The localization of small lung masses at thoracoscopic operation is very difficult. A 67-year-old female with tiny pulmonary metastases of renal cell carcinoma primary was successfully treated by pulmonary thoracoscopic resection after transbronchial localization using a dye.
    Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals 07/2006; 14(3):e48-9.
  • The Annals of thoracic surgery 03/2006; 81(2):789-90; author reply 790. · 3.45 Impact Factor
  • Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals 03/2006; 14(1):85.
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    ABSTRACT: The Adamkiewicz artery originates from the lower intercostal/lumbar artery, runs along the vertebral roots of the spinal nerve, and communicates with the anterior spinal artery. In graft replacement for an aortic aneurysm, the lower intercostal/lumbar artery should be reconstructed to maintain the arterial blood supply to the lumbar spinal cord via the Adamkiewicz artery. To date, there are few reports on the histological characteristics of the arterial pathway from the aorta to the anterior spinal artery via the Adamkiewicz artery as well as the pathway in the Adamkiewicz artery. In addition, there is a possibility that this arterial pathway was degenerated by the aortic aneurysm. In this study, we attempted to reveal the histological characteristics of the arterial pathway by using elderly cadavers with or without unruptured aortic aneurysm. Specimens were obtained from 190 elderly cadavers (fixed in 10% formalin). These cadavers included 16 cases of aortic aneurysms. We collected fragments of the intercostal/lumbar artery, its dorsal branch, the Adamkiewicz artery, and the anterior spinal artery. After routine histological procedures, several staining procedures were performed for each section. A morphometric study was conducted at the light-microscopic level. The Adamkiewicz artery is composed of a thick intima that contains multiple thick elastic fiber layers and, probably, numerous intimal smooth muscle cells. Among the cadavers, the intimal thickness varied significantly in the intercostal/lumbar artery and the Adamkiewicz artery; it tended to be constant, irrespective of luminar dilatation in the Adamkiewicz artery, in contrast to other arteries. No significant difference was observed between the specimens with or without unruptured aortic aneurysms in all the parameters that were measured. The Adamkiewicz artery appeared to be capable of adapting to acute and chronic changes in systemic status that develop with aging because of its thick intima that contained numerous smooth muscles and elastic fibers. Against various events of systemic circulatory dysfunctions such as hypertension, its unique morphology suggested that this artery may play the critical role of a modulator, or even a barrier, that is intercalated along the arterial route to the lumbar cord.
    Annals of Vascular Surgery 02/2006; 20(1):9-16. · 0.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two high-risk patients underwent an endovascular stent-grafting for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) following bypass-grafting to the visceral arteries. The first patient was a 73-year-old woman with severe ischemic heart disease (IHD) and chronic respiratory failure. The second patient was a 59-year-old woman with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) and hepatic cell carcinoma (HCC). In general, TAAA is not considered to be indicated for endovascular stent-grafting because of the need to revascularize the visceral vessels. However, in some selected cases, such as the two cases presented herein, endovascular stent-grafting combined with bypass-grafting of the visceral arteries can be a feasible and a less-invasive alternative to conventional surgery.
    Annals of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery: official journal of the Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of Asia 11/2005; 11(5):335-8. · 0.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Major pulmonary resection with systematic node dissection (SND) for early lung cancer by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is performed in many institutes, but the feasibility of SND for early lung cancer by VATS remains controversial. The aim of this study was to elucidate the feasibility and safety of SND by VATS. Three hundred fifty patients with clinical stage I lung cancer who underwent pulmonary major resection with SND between 1998 and 2003 were enrolled in this study. Of these patients, 191 (VATS group) underwent pulmonary resection with SND by VATS; 159 patients (open thoracotomy [OT] group) did so through anterolateral thoracotomy. The clinical and pathologic data, including the number of dissected nodes in each nodal station, of the 2 groups were compared to evaluate the feasibility of SND by VATS. Pathologic data showed that, in the VATS group, more patients had adenocarcinoma (P = .0078) and fewer patients had advanced factors than the OT group. The greatest tumor diameter was 24.5 mm and 29.6 mm in the VATS group and OT group, respectively (P < .0001). The total number of mediastinal nodes dissected in right upper lobectomy plus right middle lobectomy (RUL+RML), right lower lobectomy (RLL), left upper lobectomy (LUL), and lower left lobectomy (LLL) also did not differ between the 2 groups. The total number of mediastinal nodes dissected in RUL+RML, RLL, LUL, and LLL was 19.7 in the VATS group versus 22.0 in the OT group (P = .122), 23.4 versus 21.0 (P = .241), 14.8 versus 17.5 (P = .123), and 18.8 versus 15.8 (P = .202), respectively. The number of dissected nodes in each nodal station in RUL+RML, RLL, LUL, and LLL was similar between the 2 groups. Operative mortality, morbidity, or recurrence did not differ between the 2 groups. With regard to the number of dissected nodes, SND by VATS was not inferior to that of OT. SND by VATS is technically feasible and safe, and seems acceptable for clinical stage I lung cancer.
    Surgery 09/2005; 138(3):510-7. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acute distal aortic dissection sometimes causes one or more visceral vessels to be stenosed by the thrombosed false lumen. Although stenosis of the only celiac artery (CA) usually does not cause ischemic symptoms because of the extensive collateral pathways of the mesenteric circulation, we experienced a rare case of CA compression syndrome which was caused by acute type B aortic dissection. The principal symptom was severe epigastric pain that was refractory to medicinal treatment. The angiogram showed absence of the anatomically well-developed collateral pathways between the CA and the superior mesenteric artery. We treated the patient with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in the CA. This report indicates that attention should be given to the possibility of CA compression syndrome in the case of acute distal aortic dissection and that endovascular management can be successfully applied to control symptoms caused by the syndrome, which is otherwise extremely difficult to repair directly by surgery.
    Annals of Vascular Surgery 08/2005; 19(4):553-6. · 0.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the influence of dialysis on late aortic events in end-stage renal failure patients who had undergone replacement of the thoracic aorta. Between 1990 and 2003, 28 dialysis patients underwent thoracic aortic aneurysm repair. The cause was non-dissection in 17 patients and dissection in 11 patients. Six patients needed emergency operations. After the initial operation, 10 patients in the dialysis group had a patent false channel distal to the operative area, and 7 patients in the dialysis group had untreated separate aneurysms. These lesions were defined as residual aneurysms. We performed a retrospective case-control analysis of survival and late aortic events (enlargement of the remaining thoracic aorta, sudden death and reoperation) in dialysis patients versus carefully matched non-dialysis patients. Matching criteria included age, sex, cause, operative procedures, operative date, and operative status (elective or emergency). Survival rates at 1 and 5 years for dialysis patients versus non-dialysis patients were 63 +/- 9% vs. 85 +/- 7% and 41 +/- 11% versus 64 +/- 13%, respectively (p = 0.02). Four of nine late deaths in the dialysis group were due to rupture of residual aneurysm. Freedom from late aortic events for dialysis patients versus non-dialysis patients was 91+/- 6% versus 92 +/- 5% and 25 +/- 14% versus 68 +/- 12% at 1 and 5 years, respectively (p = 0.0073). There is a high incidence of late aortic events in dialysis patients undergoing thoracic aortic aneurysm repair. This finding indicates the need for close follow-up examination of dialysis patients who have undergone surgical treatment of thoracic aortic disease.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 08/2005; 80(1):96-100. · 3.45 Impact Factor
  • Tomio Abe, Nobuyuki Takagi
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    ABSTRACT: Untreated or palliated congenital heart disease has the strong impact on the outcomes of surgery for non-cardiovascular disease that accrues with age. However, excellent guidelines have not been published yet that provide ideal information and expert opinion for patients and doctors in assessing adult congenital heart disease (ACHD). In the global risk assessment for such a condition, American College of Cardiology--American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines can be helpful although developed exclusively from populations with acquired heart disease. The first necessity is to clarify the diagnosis The second is preoperative hemodynamic assessment according to the specific physiology and anatomy. The third is to evaluate the intensity of expected hemodynamic stress by proposed operation. The last is to elucidate co-morbid conditions. In addition to global risk assessment, Risk factors unique to ACHD must be carefully considered. Under complete assessment of these risk factors by the staff who have sufficient experience or training in the management of ACHD, the optimal, effective and meticurous cares can be provided to patients with ACHD encountered at noncardiac surgery.
    Nippon Geka Gakkai zasshi 06/2005; 106(5):334-7.
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    ABSTRACT: FK 506 inhalant was recently developed for localized administration. We investigated its effects on acute lung allograft rejection and compared its efficacy with that of intramuscular administration of FK 506. Rats (n = 123) with orthotopic left lung transplantation were divided into 9 groups. Six groups inhaled FK 506 (5 puffs, 10 puffs or 20 puffs per day), or were given intramuscular administration of FK 506 (0.05, 0.1 or 1.0 mg/kg/day). The other groups included rats receiving an isograft, rats with an untreated allograft, and a placebo group. All groups (n = 6 each) were monitored for 14 days post-operatively as an end-point and graft survival time was determined. The remaining animals were killed 4 days after transplantation. The histologic grade of rejection was determined for all groups (n = 6 each). With both (n = 3 each) inhalation therapy and intramuscular administration of FK 506, which showed similar degrees of effectiveness, both blood FK 506 concentration and cytokine expression in the graft and spleen were evaluated. FK 506 inhalation therapy extended allograft survival time and reduced histologic rejection on Day 4 in all groups. Graft survival time and histologic rejection scores at a dose of 10 puffs/day were comparable to those with 0.1 mg/kg/day of intramuscular FK 506. Trough concentrations of FK 506 in blood were detectable with 0.1 mg/kg/day of intramuscular FK 506, but not with 10 puffs/day. The messenger RNA expression levels of interferon-gamma in the lung allograft was suppressed significantly at a dose of 10 puffs/day. FK 506 inhalant enhances acute lung allograft survival with lower blood concentrations than when using comparable intramuscular administration.
    The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 06/2005; 24(5):538-43. · 5.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The feasibility of systematic node dissection (SND) for stage I primary lung cancer by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of SND by VATS. Four hundred and eleven patients with clinical stage I primary lung cancer were enrolled in this study. Two hundred and twenty-one patients, VATS group, underwent a major pulmonary resection with SND by VATS through a minithoracotomy (30-70mm) and two access ports; 190 patients, open thoracotomy (OT) group, did so through anterolateral thoracotomy. The two groups were compared regarding clinical data including number of dissected nodes in each nodal station for evaluating the feasibility of SND by VATS. In the right side, the total number (N) of nodes dissected (VATS 31 vs OT 31, P=0.899), N of mediastinal nodes dissected (20 vs 21, P=0.553), and N of dissected nodes in each nodal station were similar between the two groups. In the left side, total N of nodes dissected (28 vs 27, P=0.714), N of mediastinal nodes dissected (16 vs 17, P=0.333), and N of dissected nodes in each nodal station were similar between the two groups. There were three (1.4%) and five (2.6%) operation related deaths in the VATS group and OT group, respectively (P=0.48). Chest tube duration was shorter in the VATS group than the OT group (5.8 vs 7.6 days, P=0.001). The incidences of chylothorax, recurrent laryngeal nerve injury and pleural effusion requiring thoracentesis after surgery were similar between the two groups (3 vs 4, P=0.709; 5 vs 3, P=0.480, 3 vs 8, P=0.122). The 5-year actuarial recurrence-free survival rate and cumulative survival rate of pathological stage IA cases were similar between the two groups (88.6 vs 92.4%, P=0.698; 92.9 vs 86.5%, P=0.358). The SND by VATS was as technically feasible as SND through OT regarding number of dissected nodes and morbidity. It seems acceptable as an oncological treatment for clinical stage I lung cancer.
    European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 06/2005; 27(5):745-52. · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    Journal of Vascular Surgery. 06/2005; 41(6):1081–1082.
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    ABSTRACT: The risk of stroke caused by dislodgment of loose atheromatous plaque or mural emboli is increased by cross-clamping of the aorta. Some patients undergo descending thoracic aortic aneurysm repair with proximal aortic cross-clamping between the left common carotid artery and the left subclavian artery. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of proximal aortic cross-clamping in arteriosclerotic aneurysm or dissecting aneurysm repair. Between May 1984 and May 2003, 81 patients underwent elective surgery for distal arch or descending aortic aneurysm repair with proximal aortic cross-clamping between the left common carotid artery and the left subclavian artery. To evaluate the influence of the proximal aortic cross-clamping, patients were divided into two groups: patients who had undergone arteriosclerotic aneurysm repair (group I, n=25) and patients who had undergone dissecting aneurysm repair (group II, n=56). Eight (9.9%) of the 81 patients had a stroke. Six strokes occurred in operations for arteriosclerotic aneurysm repair group I and two strokes occurred in operations for dissecting aneurysm repair group II (24 vs 3.6%; p=0.009). In-hospital mortality rates were 12% in group I and 8.9% in group II (p=0.70). Major postoperative complications included renal failure requiring hemodialysis (in 4.2% of the patients in group I and in 8.3% of the patients in group II, p=0.99) and pulmonary complication (in 20% of the patients in group I and in 16% of the patients in group II, p=0.67). Cross-clamping between head vessels should be avoided if at all possible when operating on patients who have arteriosclerotic descending thoracic aneurysms.
    European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 05/2005; 27(4):622-5. · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: NKH477 was recently identified as a water-soluble forskolin derivative and was reported to prolong survival of murine cardiac allografts. However, the mechanism of the efficacy is not clear in vivo. The aim of this study was to investigate the immunosuppressive effects of NKH477 on acute lung allograft rejection in the rat model and its mechanism of action in vivo. Left lungs were transplanted orthotopically from Brown-Norway donors to Lewis recipients. Recipient rats were untreated or treated daily with different doses of NKH477. Grafts were excised on Day 3 or Day 5 to determine histopathological rejection and expressions of interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-10, and interferon (IFN)-gamma by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The cytokine expression at Day 3 or Day 5 was also evaluated in recipient spleens by immunohistochemistry. Furthermore, mesenteric lymph node cells from recipients at Day 5 were cultured alone or stimulated with donor antigens for 72 hours to determine cell proliferation by means of thymidine incorporation. NKH477 significantly extended allograft survival time in a dose-dependent manner and reduced histopathological rejection. Treatment with NKH477 inhibited IFN-gamma and IL-10 expression, whereas expression of these cytokines were markedly upregulated in the untreated allografts. Expression of IL-2 and IL-10 also increased in the spleen of untreated allorecipients. NKH477 suppressed expression of both cytokines in the spleen. In addition, lymphocyte proliferation was inhibited in NKH477-treated recipients as compared with untreated recipients. These results suggest that NKH477 exerts an antiproliferative effect on lymphocytes in vivo with an altered cytokine profile in rat recipients of lung allografts.
    The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 05/2005; 24(4):462-9. · 5.11 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

728 Citations
200.13 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1997–2007
    • Sapporo Medical University
      • Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
      Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido, Japan
  • 2002
    • Muroran City General Hospital
      Муроран, Hokkaidō, Japan