Shin-Woo Kim

Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (31)75.43 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Cefazolin is a common antibiotic for methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteremia. Type A or C β-lactamase-producing MSSA frequently shows the cefazolin inoculum effect (CIE). However, the clinical implication of the CIE for MSSA bacteremia is obscure. Methods: MSSA bacteremic patients treated with cefazolin were included in a retrospective cohort study. The blaZ gene of the isolates was sequenced to identify the type of β-lactamase. The patients whose isolates showed a ≥4-fold increase in cefazolin, the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) at the high inoculum (∼5×10(7) CFU/ml), were assigned to the CIE-positive group and the remainder to the CIE-negative group. Treatment failure was assessed at 12 weeks after cefazolin was initiated. Results: A total of 113 MSSA bacteremic patients were included. Among the 113 isolates, 57.5% showed the CIE and 77.9% carried the blaZ gene; type A β-lactamase was 15.0% and type C was 40.7%. Persistent bacteremia was more common in the CIE-positive group (9% vs. 0%, p=0.04). Treatment failure rates were higher in the CIE-positive group with high bacterial burden infection, but the difference was not significant (48% vs. 25%, p=0.13). There was no significant difference of failure between groups with high-inoculum MIC ≥16 and ≤1 μg/ml (13% vs. 5%, p=0.31). In the multivariable analysis, underlying cardiovascular diseases, pneumonia, osteoarticular infections, and endocarditis were significant risk factors for treatment failure and the CIE was not significantly associated with treatment failure. Conclusion: The CIE might be associated with persistent bacteremia if cefazolin is used for MSSA bacteremia with a high burden of infections. However, the sites of infections are more important factors for the clinical outcome than the CIE.
    Microbial drug resistance (Larchmont, N.Y.) 07/2014; · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is no known publication about assessment of quality of life (QOL) in Korean HIV patients. We aimed to assess the QOL of HIV patients. We developed Korean version of the WHOQOL-HIV BREF (short forms of WHOQOL-HIV, 31 questions with 6 domains). Survey data from 220 HIV-positive adults were obtained in 14 centers in South Korea. Male were dominant (202/220, 91.8%). Mean age was . Mean CD4+ T-cell count was . Overall of WHOQOL-HIV BREF were (perfect score=100) (Cronbach's = 0.942). It is similar score comparing to another country (Portugal: 54.75/100, measured by WHOQOL-HIV). Correlations of WHOQOL-HIV BREF score with patients' subjective QOL and with subjective satisfaction were 0.747 (p
    Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society. 01/2014; 25(2).
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    ABSTRACT: The causative pathogens of and prevalence of antibiotic resistance in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) varies across countries. We evaluated the patterns of antibiotic prescriptions for adult CAP patients, and physician satisfaction with the form and content of the 2009 Korean CAP treatment guidelines. We designed an online survey for clinical physicians who treat CAP (infectious disease specialists, pulmonologists, and other physicians). We e-mailed the online survey to physicians and gathered results from December 2011 to January 2012, and then analyzed their responses. A total of 157 physicians responded to our survey: 61 (38.9%) infectious disease specialists, 33 (21.0%) pulmonologists, and 63 (40.1%) other physicians. Two-thirds (96/157, 61.2%) had positions in tertiary and secondary hospitals; the others (61, 38.8%) worked in primary clinics (hospitals and private clinics). One hundred and eight (68.8%) were aware of the Korean CAP clinical guidelines; of these, 98 (62.4%) applied the guidelines to their practice. Among physicians using them, 86.7% (85/98) reported the guidelines to be most useful for empirical selection of antibiotics, and 75.2% (118/157) said the guidelines were useful and satisfactory. Sixty-eight (43.3%) respondents indicated that they had not used aminoglycosides as an initial empirical CAP treatment, while 51 (32.5%) had combined aminoglycosides with other antibiotics to treat patients with CAP. Seventy-three (46.5%) physicians often combined macrolides with β-lactam antibiotics for empirical treatment of CAP, and 21 (13.4%) reported using macrolide monotherapy (which is not recommended in the 2009 Korean CAP treatment guidelines) for CAP patients. The most commonly used β-lactams were third-generation cephalosporins (72, 45.9%) and ampicillin/sulbactam or amoxicillin/clavulanate (28, 17.8%). Some physicians remain unaware of the 2009 Korean treatment guidelines for CAP and do not use them in clinical practice. In addition, aminoglycoside combination therapy is frequently and inappropriately used in practice. In some cases, CAP is treated with macrolide monotherapy. Thus, the Korean CAP clinical guidelines must be more aggressively and continuously publicized.
    Infection & chemotherapy. 12/2013; 45(4):394-405.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical implications of a positive central venous catheter (CVC) tip culture with multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MRAB) in patients without concurrent bacteremia. Methods: This retrospective, multicenter study was conducted in 9 teaching hospitals in the Republic of Korea from May 2008 to April 2012. Study subjects included adult patients (aged ≥ 18 y) who yielded an MRAB-positive CVC tip culture without concurrent MRAB bacteremia. All patients were observed for the development of subsequent MRAB bacteremia for 6 months after CVC removal. Multivariable Firth logistic regression analysis was performed to determine predictors independently associated with subsequent MRAB bacteremia. Results: During the study period, subsequent MRAB bacteremia was observed in 18.8% of patients (21/112). Of the 112 patients, 23 (20.5%) did not show systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). None of the 23 patients without SIRS presented with subsequent MRAB bacteremia. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that prior administration of carbapenems (odds ratio (OR) 7.04, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.43-34.77) or corticosteroids (OR 6.67, 95% CI 1.19-37.44), and C-reactive protein ≥ 40 mg/l (OR 18.11, 95% CI 2.22-148.07) were positive predictive factors. Prior acquisition of MRAB at a site other than the catheter (OR 0.10, 95% CI 0.03-0.39) was a negative predictive factor for developing MRAB bacteremia. Conclusions: Our results suggest that patients with a CVC tip colonized with MRAB should be closely monitored for signs and symptoms of subsequent MRAB bacteremia.
    Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 09/2013; · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Tigecycline has broad spectrum antimicrobial activity and is approved for complicated intra-abdominal infections, complicated skin and soft tissue infections, and community-acquired pneumonia. There are few data on clinical experience of tigecycline in hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and Acinetobacter spp. infection. Methods: A retrospective study was performed at eight hospitals in Korea from May 2009 to January 2010. Adult patients treated with tigecycline regardless of their source of infection or pathogens were enrolled. Results: Tigecycline was administered in 108 patients. Pneumonia was the most common infection (43.5%), followed by skin and soft tissue infections (20.4%). Acinetobacter baumannii was isolated from 83 patients (76.9%) accounting for 50.3% of isolated pathogens, showing a resistance rate of 67.5% to carbapenems. Superinfection was identified in 32 patients (29.6%). Pseudomonas aeruginosa was most common microorganism causing superinfection (46.9%). Overall 30-day mortality rate was 52.9%. Thirty-day mortality rate of HAP and Acinetobacter spp. infection was 60.5% and 59.4%, respectively. Conclusion: Tigecycline can be considered as an alternative therapy in patients with HAP or infections caused by Acinetobacter spp., especially extensively drug-resistant A. baumannii.
    Microbial drug resistance (Larchmont, N.Y.) 07/2012; · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Frequent pathogens of nosocomial meningitis were investigated and the adequacy of empiric antibiotic therapy was assessed. Outcomes of nosocomial meningitis were also evaluated. Ninety-one patients, who were diagnosed and treated for nosocomial meningitis at a single tertiary hospital in Daegu, Korea for 10 years, were included. Medical record and electronic laboratory data on the causative pathogens, antibiotics used, and outcomes were retrospectively investigated. Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (40.9%) was the most common pathogen, followed by Acinetobacter (32.5%). Both were cultured as a single organism in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Seventy-eight patients (85.7%) had infections related to external ventricular drains (EVD). The most common empirical antibiotics were extended-spectrum beta-lactam antibiotics plus vancomycin (35/91, 38.6%). Of the 27 patients who had cultured Acinetobacter in CSF, 10 (37%) were given the wrong empirical antibiotic treatment. Seven of the 27 patients (26.9%) with cultured Acinetobacter died, and overall mortality of the 91 patients was 16.5%. In the multivariate analysis, the presence of combined septic shock (p < 0.001) and a persistent EVD state (p = 0.021) were associated with a poor prognosis. Acinetobacter is one of the leading pathogens of nosocomial meningitis and may lead to inadequate coverage of empiric antibiotic therapy due to increasing resistance. An EVD should be removed early in cases of suspected nosocomial meningitis, and carbapenem might be required for the poor treatment response.
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 06/2012; 27(2):171-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are predominantly known as medication-induced diseases. However, at our institution, we have experienced more cases of non-drug-related SJS and TEN than expected. Therefore, we studied the difference between non-drug-related and drug-related SJS and TEN in terms of clinical characteristics and prognoses. The etiologies, clinical characteristics, and treatment outcomes for 82 adult patients with SJS and TEN were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 71 patients (86.6%) were classified as having SJS, and the other 11 patients (13.4%) were classified as having TEN. Drug-related cases were more common (43, 52.4%) than non-drug-related cases (39, 47.6%). Anticonvulsants (12/82, 14.6%) and antibiotics (9/82, 11%) were the most common causative medications. Anemia (p = 0.017) and C-reactive protein of ≥ 5 mg/dL (p = 0.026) were more common in the drug-related cases than in the non-drug-related cases. Intravenous steroid therapy was used as the main treatment regimen (70/82, 85.4%). Of the 82 patients, 8 (9.8%) died during the clinical course. A univariate analysis for mortality showed statistical significance for the following: kidney function abnormality, pneumonia, hemoglobin of < 10 g/dL, and combined underlying diseases. In a multivariate analysis, only pneumonia was statistically significant (odds ratio, 25.79; p = 0.009). Drugs were the most frequent cause of these diseases. However, non-drug-related causes also contributed to a significant proportion of cases. Physicians should keep this in mind when documenting patient history. In addition, early recognition and treatment may be important for better outcomes.
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 06/2012; 27(2):203-10.
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    ABSTRACT: The role of adjunctive corticosteroids remains controversial in meningitis by penicillin-resistant pneumococci. We determined the effect of adjunctive corticosteroids in adults with pneumococcal meningitis in a region with a high rate of penicillin resistance. A multicenter, retrospective cohort study was conducted between 1998 and 2008 in Korea. The mortality and neurological sequelae were evaluated. Among 93 patients with pneumococcal meningitis, adequate adjunctive corticosteroids were given in 45.2%. The penicillin resistance rate was 60.0%, and 42.1% were nonsusceptible to ceftriaxone. The 30-day mortality rates in the group receiving adequate corticosteroid therapy, the group in which corticosteroid was not given, and that inadequately given were 24.3, 31.6, and 27.3%, respectively, and there was no difference between the groups. The rates of development of neurological sequelae were 34.3, 33.3, and 43.5%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that adequate corticosteroids did not reduce mortality (HR 0.773, 95% CI 0.293-2.040) and neurologic sequelae (HR 0.604, CI 0.262-1.393). Propensity-adjusted analysis showed that adjunctive corticosteroid was not associated with time to death (HR 0.949, CI 0.374-2.408), however, a decreasing tendency was shown in neurologic sequelae in the adequate corticosteroid group (HR 0.479, CI 0.207-1.110). In conclusion, adjunctive corticosteroids did not affect mortality in adults with pneumococcal meningitis in a region with high rates of resistance to penicillin and ceftriaxone; however, the patients receiving adequate corticosteroid therapy tended to develop neurologic sequelae less frequently.
    Journal of Neurology 01/2012; 259(7):1453-60. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical features and outcomes of bacteremia in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) and determine whether underlying LC is an independent risk factor for mortality in a population of patients with different underlying diseases. From the database of nationwide surveillance studies for bacteremia, data regarding bacteremia in patients with LC were analyzed and compared with those in patients with other diseases. A total of 195 patients with LC were compared with 1659 patients with other underlying diseases. As for the site of infection, intraabdominal infection was more frequent in the LC group (P < 0.001), while pneumonia, urinary tract bacteremia, and primary bacteremia were more prevalent in the other diseases group (all P < 0.05). Patients with LC were more likely to have Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteremia (20.1% vs. 14.3%, P = 0.018), but less likely to have coagulase-negative staphylococcal bacteremia (5.1% vs. 10.4%, P = 0.028). The 30-day mortality rate was significantly higher in the LC group compared to the other disease group (27.2% [53/195] vs. 20.3% [336/1659], P = 0.025). Multivariate analysis revealed underlying LC as a significant predictor for mortality (OR, 2.11; 95% CI, 1.43-3.13; P < 0.001), along with old age, nosocomial acquisition, pneumonia, severe sepsis, and a higher Pitt bacteremia score. The mortality rate of patients with LC was significantly higher than that of patients with other diseases when they developed bacteremia. Underlying LC was found to be one of the independent risk factors for mortality in patients with bacteremia.
    The Journal of infection 08/2011; 63(5):336-43. · 4.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is highly prevalent in hospitals in many Asian countries. Recent emergence of community-associated (CA) MRSA worldwide has added another serious concern to the epidemiology of S. aureus infections. To understand the changing epidemiology of S. aureus infections in Asian countries, we performed a prospective, multinational surveillance study with molecular typing analysis. We evaluated the prevalence of methicillin resistance in S. aureus isolates in CA and healthcare-associated (HA) infections, and performed molecular characterization and antimicrobial susceptibility tests of MRSA isolates. MRSA accounted for 25.5% of CA S. aureus infections and 67.4% of HA infections. Predominant clones of CA-MRSA isolates were ST59-MRSA-SCCmec type IV-spa type t437, ST30-MRSA-SCCmec type IV-spa type t019 and ST72-MRSA-SCCmec type IV-spa type t324. Previously established nosocomial MRSA strains including sequence type (ST) 239 and ST5 clones were found among CA-MRSA isolates from patients without any risk factors for HA-MRSA infection. CA-MRSA clones such as ST59, ST30 and ST72 were also isolated from patients with HA infections. Our findings confirmed that MRSA infections in the community have been increasing in Asian countries. Data also suggest that various MRSA clones have spread between the community and hospitals as well as between countries.
    Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 02/2011; 66(5):1061-9. · 5.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for development of severe sepsis or septic shock and to evaluate the clinical impact of severe sepsis on outcome in patients with gram-negative bacteremia (GNB). From the database of a nationwide surveillance for bacteremia, patients with GNB were analyzed. Data of patients with severe sepsis or septic shock were compared with those of patient with sepsis. Of 2286 patients with GNB, 506 (22.1%) fulfilled the criteria of severe sepsis or septic shock. Factors associated with severe sepsis or septic shock in the multivariate analysis included renal disease, indwelling urinary catheter, hematologic malignancy, and neutropenia. The 30-day mortality of patients with severe sepsis or septic shock was significantly higher than that of patients with sepsis (39.5% [172/435] vs. 7.4% [86/1170]; P < 0.001). Multivariable analysis revealed that solid tumor, liver disease, pulmonary disease, pneumonia, and pathogens other than Escherichia coli, which were risk factors of development of severe sepsis or septic shock, were also found to be strong predictors of mortality. Severe sepsis or septic shock was a significant factor associated with mortality (OR, 3.34; 95% CI, 2.35-4.74), after adjustment for other variables predicting poor prognosis. Severe sepsis or septic shock was a common finding in patients with GNB, predicting a higher mortality rate. Renal disease and indwelling urinary catheter were the most important risk factors significantly associated with severe sepsis or septic shock among patients with GNB.
    The Journal of infection 11/2010; 62(1):26-33. · 4.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to identify the predictors of mortality and to evaluate the impact of methicillin resistance on outcome in patients with Staphylococcus aureus infection according to underlying conditions and type of infection. An observational cohort study including 4949 patients with S. aureus infection was conducted. We compared data from patients with MRSA infection with those with MSSA infection. The 30-day mortality rate of MRSA group was significantly higher than that of MSSA group (15.6% vs. 6.2%, P < 0.001). However, MRSA infection was not found to be independent risk factor for mortality after adjusting for other variables (OR = 1.03, 95% CI = 0.80-1.32). When we analyzed patients with S. aureus bacteremia (n = 709), MRSA infection was found to be significantly associated with mortality in multivariate analysis (Adjusted OR = 1.69, 95% CI = 1.15-2.49). When the 30-day mortality rates were compared according to underlying diseases, the 30-day mortality rate of MRSA group was significantly higher than that of MSSA group in patients with malignancy or renal diseases. MRSA infection was also found to be one of the independent risk factors for mortality in patients with malignancy (adjusted OR = 1.69, 95% CI = 1.06-2.70) and in those with renal disease (adjusted OR = 1.70, 95% CI = 1.0-2.89), after adjustment for host variables. Methicillin resistance adversely affected the outcome of patients with S. aureus infection, in patients with cancer or renal disease and in those with S. aureus bacteremia, although MRSA infection was not found to be significantly associated with higher mortality in overall patient population.
    The Journal of infection 10/2010; 61(4):299-306. · 4.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli amongst community-onset bacteraemia and to evaluate treatment outcomes. From the database of a nationwide surveillance programme for bacteraemia, data from patients with community-onset E. coli bacteraemia were analysed. Patients with ESBL-producing E. coli bacteraemia were compared with those with non-ESBL-producing bacteraemia. The overall proportion of ESBL-producers was 9.5% (82/865) amongst community-onset E. coli bacteraemia cases. Healthcare-associated infection, underlying liver disease and primary bacteraemia were significant independent factors associated with ESBL-producing E. coli bacteraemia (P<0.05). There was a trend toward mortality being higher in the ESBL group compared with the non-ESBL group (15.0% vs. 7.6%; P=0.096). ESBL production was found to be an independent factor associated with mortality after adjusting for confounding variables (odds ratio=2.99, 95% confidence interval 1.01-8.84; P=0.048), along with severe sepsis, higher Pitt bacteraemia score, primary bacteraemia, pneumonia and underlying liver disease (P<0.05). ESBL-producing E. coli is a significant cause of bacteraemia, even in patients with community-onset infections, predicting higher mortality, particularly in patients with primary bacteraemia, underlying liver disease or healthcare-associated infection.
    International journal of antimicrobial agents 09/2010; 36(3):284-7. · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent changes in healthcare systems have changed the epidemiologic paradigms in many infectious fields including bloodstream infection (BSI). We compared clinical characteristics of community-acquired (CA), hospital-acquired (HA), and healthcare-associated (HCA) BSI. We performed a prospective nationwide multicenter surveillance study from 9 university hospitals in Korea. Total 1,605 blood isolates were collected from 2006 to 2007, and 1,144 isolates were considered true pathogens. HA-BSI accounted for 48.8%, CA-BSI for 33.2%, and HCA-BSI for 18.0%. HA-BSI and HCA-BSI were more likely to have severe comorbidities. Escherichia coli was the most common isolate in CA-BSI (47.1%) and HCA-BSI (27.2%). In contrast, Staphylococcus aureus (15.2%), coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (15.1%) were the common isolates in HA-BSI. The rate of appropriate empiric antimicrobial therapy was the highest in CA-BSI (89.0%) followed by HCA-BSI (76.4%), and HA-BSI (75.0%). The 30-day mortality rate was the highest in HA-BSI (23.0%) followed by HCA-BSI (18.4%), and CA-BSI (10.2%). High Pitt score and inappropriate empirical antibiotic therapy were the independent risk factors for mortality by multivariate analysis. In conclusion, the present data suggest that clinical features, outcome, and microbiologic features of causative pathogens vary by origin of BSI. Especially, HCA-BSI shows unique clinical characteristics, which should be considered a distinct category for more appropriate antibiotic treatment.
    Journal of Korean medical science 07/2010; 25(7):992-8. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the antimicrobial resistance, extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) and clones of Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates causing bacteraemia or urinary tract infection (UTI) in Korea, a total of 406 K. pneumoniae isolates from patients with bacteraemia (221 isolates) and UTI (185 isolates) were collected from 10 tertiary-care Korean hospitals from July 2006 to October 2007. In vitro antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed for all isolates and ESBL production was tested. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) analyses were performed to characterize genotypes of ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae isolates. PFGE was performed for sequence type 11 (ST11) isolates. Forty-seven UTI isolates (25.4 %) produced ESBLs, while 30 bacteraemia isolates (13.6 %) produced ESBLs (P=0.002). Among 77 ESBL-producing isolates, thirty-two (41.6 %) produced SHV-type ESBLs. bla(CTX-M) genes such as bla(CTX-M-14) and bla(CTX-M-15) were detected in 36.4 %. MLST and PFGE analyses showed that ST11 was dominant in ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae isolates causing UTI (57.4 %) and in those causing bacteraemia (70.0 %) and has been prevalent in Korean hospitals. ST11 isolates harbour a combination of different ESBL genes. The ST11 clone of ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae isolates prevails in Korea, but most isolates might acquire ESBL genes independently or several different clones might be distributed in Korea.
    Journal of Medical Microbiology 04/2010; 59(Pt 7):822-8. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents has grown due to the increasing use of antimicrobial agents, we sought to evaluate the suitability of ceftriaxone usage (representative of third generation cephalosporins) at 10 university hospitals in Korea. We prospectively evaluated the appropriateness of antibiotic usage in 400 adult patients who received ceftriaxone between February 1, 2006 and June 30, 2006. Drug utilization evaluation (DUE) methods were based on standards set forth by the American Society of Hospital Pharmacists. The DUE criteria used in this study were modified to be more suitable in our hospital setting: justification of drug use, critical and process indications, complications, and outcome measures. The average patient age was 64.4 years. The utilization of ceftriaxone was appropriate in 262 cases (65.5%) for the justification of use, while inappropriate use was observed in 138 cases (34.5%). Common reasons for inappropriate use of ceftriaxone included continued empiric use for presumed infections, prophylactic perioperative injection, and empiric therapy for fever. Most of the critical indications showed a high rate of suitability (66.5-98.5%). Complications occurred in 37 cases (9.3%). With respect to outcome measures, clinical responses were observed in 60.7% of cases, while only 15.7% of cases showed evidence of infection eradication via negative cultures. Appropriate use (65.5%) of ceftriaxone was higher than inappropriate use (34.5%) at university hospitals in Korea. Inappropriate utilization, however, including continued empiric use for presumed infections and prophylactic perioperative injection remained high. Intensification of educational programs and antibiotic control systems for ceftriaxone is needed to improve the suitability of antimicrobial use.
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 12/2009; 24(4):374-80.
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    ABSTRACT: Ciprofloxacin-resistant Escherichia coli is growing concern in clinical settings. In this study, we investigated the distribution of virulence determinants and phylogenetic groups among community-onset, ciprofloxacin-resistant E. coli isolates causing urinary tract infections (UTIs) in Korea. In addition, the evidence of clonal spread in the community was also examined. From November 2006 to August 2007, 543 community-onset E. coli isolates causing UTIs were collected as part of a multicenter surveillance study. In vitro susceptibility testing was performed using broth microdilution method. Distribution of virulence determinants and phylogenetic groupings were examined. In addition, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) analysis was performed. In vitro antimicrobial susceptibility testing revealed that 154 isolates (28.4%) were ciprofloxacin-resistant. Of these, 129 ciprofloxacin-resistant E. coli isolates were further characterized. As a result of phylogenetic subgrouping, we found that phylogenetic subgroup D was the most predominant (46 isolates, 35.7%), followed by B2 (44 isolates, 34.1%), A (21 isolates, 16.3%), and B1 (18 isolates, 14.0%). MLST analysis showed 48 sequence types (STs). The most prevalent ST was ST131 (32 isolates, 24.8%), followed by ST393 (23 isolates, 17.8%). While all ST131 isolates belonged to phylogenetic subgroup B2, which is known to be a highly virulent, all ST393 isolates belonged to subgroup D. ST131 and ST393 showed different profiles of virulence factors; papA, papG allele III, and traT genes were significantly more prevalent in ST131 than in ST393 (p values, <0.001). Based on genotyping, it is suggested that epidemic and virulent ciprofloxacin-resistant E. coli clones such as ST131 and ST393 have disseminated in Korea. However, the diversity of CTX-M genes in ST131 isolates may indicate that ESBL genes have been acquired independently or several ESBL-producing, ciprofloxacin-resistant E. coli clones may have disseminated in the Korean community.
    The Journal of infection 11/2009; 60(2):146-53. · 4.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the characteristics of 48 carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates collected from 5 tertiary care hospitals in Korea by multilocus sequencing typing, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, and polymerase chain reaction amplification of the antimicrobial resistance determinants. We identified 2 distinct main clones of carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii isolates, which showed different antimicrobial resistance profiles and are also differentiated by the kinds of oxacillinase (OXA) carbapenemases and Acinetobacter-derived cephalosporinase (ADC) beta-lactamases. One main clone, ST22:A, had 27 carbapenem-resistant isolates (56.3%), showed high polymyxin B and colistin resistances (33.3% and 37.0%, respectively), and contained both bla(OXA-51-like) and bla(OXA-23-like) genes and the bla(ADC-29) or bla(ADC-30) gene. In contrast, the other main clone, ST28:B, included 15 isolates (31.3%), showed complete susceptibilities to polymyxin B and colistin, and contained only the bla(OXA-51-like) gene and bla(ADC-31) or bla(ADC-32) genes. The distribution of these main carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii clones did not relate to locality, indicating that they are widespread in Korean hospitals. In addition, we found new types of PER beta-lactamases, PER-6.
    Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease 09/2009; 64(4):389-95. · 2.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This multinational study from Asia revealed that reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin (MIC, 0.125 to 1 microg/ml) in nontyphoid Salmonella isolates was common in Taiwan (48.1%) and Thailand (46.2%) and in S. enterica serotype Choleraesuis (68.8%) and S. Virchow (75.0%) from all countries. Reduced susceptibility to ceftriaxone (MIC, 2 to 8 microg/ml) remained uncommon in Asia, except in Taiwan (38.0%) or in S. Typhimurium (25.0%) from all countries.
    Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 04/2009; 53(6):2696-9. · 4.57 Impact Factor
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    Chonnam Medical Journal 01/2009; 45(3).

Publication Stats

453 Citations
75.43 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004–2012
    • Sungkyunkwan University
      • • Samsung Medical Center
      • • Department of Molecular and Cell Biology
      • • School of Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2004–2011
    • Kyungpook National University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003
    • Chungnam National University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2002–2003
    • Kyungpook National University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Daikyū, Daegu, South Korea