Asad Bashey

Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States

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Publications (59)284.93 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) form the foundation of current GVHD prophylaxis regimens. We hypothesized that a CNI-free regimen consisting of post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) and brief-course sirolimus would reduce chronic GVHD and non-relapse mortality (NRM) following reduced intensity allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplant (PBSCT). Twenty-six patients, median age 61 years, received an unmanipulated PBSCT from an 8/8 locus matched donor; MRD=17, MUD=9. GVHD prophylaxis consisted of PTCy and brief-course sirolimus. Donor engraftment occurred in all patients. The cumulative incidence (CI) of grade II-IV acute GVHD, grade III-IV acute GVHD, and chronic GVHD was 46%, 15%, and 31% respectively. One year NRM was 4%. Median time to immunosuppression discontinuation was day +138. With a median follow-up of 20 months, the estimated 2-year overall survival, disease-free survival, and relapse incidence was 71%, 64%, and 32% respectively. In patients with lymphoid malignancies (CLL, NHL, HD), 2-yr DFS and relapse was 100% and 0%, respectively. Good immune reconstitution was evidenced by low CMV reactivation rates, occurring in only 4 of 19 at-risk patients (21%). GVHD prophylaxis with PTCy and sirolimus achieves consistent donor engraftment, low rates of chronic GVHD and NRM, and excellent outcomes in recipients of HLA-identical related and unrelated donor allogeneic PBSCT.
    Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation 11/2014; · 3.94 Impact Factor
  • A Bashey, S R Solomon
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    ABSTRACT: Availability of an HLA-identical sibling (MRD) or suitably matched unrelated donor (MUD) has historically been a limiting factor in the application of allogeneic hematopoietic transplantation. Although almost all patients have an HLA-haploidentical family donor, prior attempts at transplantation from such donors using T-cell replete grafts and conventional immunosuppression were associated with unacceptable rates of GVHD, and when stringent ex vivo T-cell depletion was used to control GVHD, rates of graft rejection and post-transplant infections were prohibitive. The recent approach to HLA-haploidentical donor transplantation developed in Baltimore that uses T-cell replete grafts and post-transplant CY (Haplo-post-HCT-CY) to control post-transplant allo-reactivity appears to have overcome many of the obstacles historically associated with haploidentical donor transplantation. In particular, TRM rates of <10% are usual and rapid reconstitution of immunity leads to a low rate of post-transplant infections and no post-tranplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD), consistent with the hypothesis that post-transplant CY selectively depletes proliferating alloreactive T cells responsible for GVHD and graft rejection while preserving resting memory T cells essential for post-transplant immunologic recovery. In parallel trials using similar non-myeloablative conditioning regimens, Haplo-post-HCT-CY produced similar overall survival to double umbilical cord blood transplantation(DUCBT) in adult patients (62% vs 54%), with low rates of TRM (7% vs 24%), severe acute GVHD (0% vs 21%) and chronic GVHD (13% vs 25%). Furthermore, recent non-randomized comparisons adjusted for risk factors show that Haplo-post-HCT-CY achieve at least equivalent outcomes to conventional MRD and MUD transplants. Although most experience has been obtained using BM, emerging data suggest that a G-CSF mobilized PBSC graft can also safely be used for Haplo-post-HCT-CY. Haplo-post-HCT-CY also avoids the graft acquisition costs of DUCBT and MUDs and the cost of cell selection associated with T-depleted grafts. Although randomized comparisons will be forthcoming, Haplo-post-HCT-CY can already be considered a valid standard-of-care in patients who lack conventional donors thus extending the availability of allogeneic transplants to almost all patients. This donor source may also challenge the routine preference for a MUD in patients lacking an MRD.Bone Marrow Transplantation advance online publication, 19 May 2014; doi:10.1038/bmt.2014.62.
    Bone Marrow Transplantation 05/2014; · 3.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although pretransplant alemtuzumab can reduce GVHD following allogeneic transplantation, it may also increase the risk of mixed donor T-cell chimerism and infections. We hypothesized that the early use of DLI without withdrawal of immunosuppressive drugs in patients with mixed T-cell chimerism would lower the risk of relapse without significantly increasing the risk of GVHD post DLI. Thirty-six patients (median age 59 years) were treated in this phase II trial using reduced-intensity conditioning including s.c. alemtuzumab (total dose 43 mg) and a PBSC graft from a matched unrelated donor (UD). DLI without withdrawal of immunosuppressive drugs was administered to all 25 patients with <50% donor T-cell chimerism on day +60. The cumulative risks of acute and chronic GVHD were 42% and 59%, respectively. Estimated probabilities of non-relapse mortality (NRM) at day 100 and 1 year were 3% and 14%, respectively. With a median follow up 2.4 years, estimated survivals at day 100, 1 and 2 years were 97%, 71% and 57%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, the occurrence of acute GVHD was associated with an increased risk of mortality, whereas the occurrence of chronic GVHD had a protective effect, associated with decreased relapse and improved disease-free survival. Low-dose alemtuzumab and preemptive DLI provides favorable transplant outcomes including low NRM in an older patient population with high-risk malignancies undergoing UD transplantation.
    Bone marrow transplantation 05/2014; 49(5):616-21. · 3.00 Impact Factor
  • Asad Bashey
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 03/2014; · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSET-cell-replete grafts from haploidentical donors using post-transplantation cyclophosphamide may represent a solution for patients who require allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) but lack a conventional donor. We compared outcomes of alloHCT using haploidentical donors with those of transplantation using conventional HLA-matched sibling donors (MRDs) and HLA-matched unrelated donors (MUDs). PATIENTS AND METHODS Outcomes of 271 consecutive patients undergoing T-cell-replete first alloHCT for hematologic malignancies performed contemporaneously at a single center (53 using haploidentical donors; 117, MRDs; 101, MUDs) were compared. Overall and disease-free survival (DFS) were adjusted for effects of significant patient-, disease-, and transplantation-related covariates using a stratified Cox model.ResultsPatient characteristics were similar between the three donor groups. For patients undergoing MRD, MUD, and haploidentical transplantation, 24-month cumulative incidences of nonrelapse mortality were 13%, 16%, and 7% and of relapse were 34%, 34%, and 33%, respectively (P not significant [NS]). Cumulative incidences of grades 3 to 4 acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) at 6 months were 8%, 11%, and 11%, respectively (P NS); extensive chronic GVHD occurred in 54%, 54%, and 38% of patients, respectively (P < .05 for those undergoing haploidentical donor v MRD or MUD transplantation). Adjusted 24-month probabilities of survival were 76%, 67%, and 64% and of DFS were 53%, 52%, and 60%, respectively; these were not significantly different among the three donor groups. CONCLUSION Haploidentical transplantation performed using T-cell-replete grafts and post-transplantation cyclophosphamide achieves outcomes equivalent to those of contemporaneous transplantation performed using MRDs and MUDs. Such transplantation represents a valid alternative for patients who lack a conventional donor.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 02/2013; · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) provides an opportunity for nearly all patients to benefit from HSCT. We conducted a trial of haploidentical T cell replete allografting using a busulfan-based myeloablative preparative regimen, peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) as the graft source, and posttransplantation cyclophosphamide (Cy). Eligibility was limited to patients at high risk of relapse after nonmyeloablative haploidentical bone marrow transplant (BMT). Twenty patients were enrolled in the study (11 with relapsed/refractory disease and 9 who underwent transplantation while in remission and considered standard risk). Donor engraftment occurred in all 20 patients with full donor T cell and myeloid chimerism by day +30. The cumulative incidence of grades II-IV and III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) was 30% and 10%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD (cGVHD) was 35%. Nonrelapse mortality (NRM) at 100 days and 1 year was 10% for all patients and 0% for standard-risk patients. With a median follow-up of 20 months, the estimated 1-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) was 69% and 50%, respectively, for all patients, and 88% and 67% for standard-risk patients. Myeloablative haploidentical HSCT is associated with excellent rates of engraftment, GVHD, NRM, and DFS, and is a valid option in patients with high-risk malignancies who lack timely access to a conventional donor.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 07/2012; · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Data are lacking on whether lenalidomide maintenance therapy prolongs the time to disease progression after autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation in patients with multiple myeloma. Between April 2005 and July 2009, we randomly assigned 460 patients who were younger than 71 years of age and had stable disease or a marginal, partial, or complete response 100 days after undergoing stem-cell transplantation to lenalidomide or placebo, which was administered until disease progression. The starting dose of lenalidomide was 10 mg per day (range, 5 to 15). The study-drug assignments were unblinded in 2009, when a planned interim analysis showed a significantly longer time to disease progression in the lenalidomide group. At unblinding, 20% of patients who received lenalidomide and 44% of patients who received placebo had progressive disease or had died (P<0.001); of the remaining 128 patients who received placebo and who did not have progressive disease, 86 crossed over to lenalidomide. At a median follow-up of 34 months, 86 of 231 patients who received lenalidomide (37%) and 132 of 229 patients who received placebo (58%) had disease progression or had died. The median time to progression was 46 months in the lenalidomide group and 27 months in the placebo group (P<0.001). A total of 35 patients who received lenalidomide (15%) and 53 patients who received placebo (23%) died (P=0.03). More grade 3 or 4 hematologic adverse events and grade 3 nonhematologic adverse events occurred in patients who received lenalidomide (P<0.001 for both comparisons). Second primary cancers occurred in 18 patients who received lenalidomide (8%) and 6 patients who received placebo (3%). Lenalidomide maintenance therapy, initiated at day 100 after hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation, was associated with more toxicity and second cancers but a significantly longer time to disease progression and significantly improved overall survival among patients with myeloma. (Funded by the National Cancer Institute; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00114101.).
    New England Journal of Medicine 05/2012; 366(19):1770-81. · 54.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity has implications for chemotherapy dosing and selection of patients for therapy. Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant (AutoHCT) improves outcomes for patients with multiple myeloma, but optimal chemotherapy dosing for obese patients is poorly defined. We analyzed the outcomes of 1087 recipients of AutoHCT for myeloma reported to the CIBMTR between 1995 and 2003 who received high-dose melphalan conditioning, with or without total body irradiation (TBI). We categorized patients by body mass index (BMI) as normal, overweight, obese, or severely obese. There was no overall effect of BMI on progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), progression, or nonrelapse mortality (NRM). In patients receiving melphalan and TBI conditioning, obese and severely obese patients had superior PFS and OS compared with normal and overweight patients, but the clinical significance of this finding is unclear. More obese patients were more likely to receive a reduced dose of melphalan, but there was no evidence that melphalan or TBI dosing variability affected PFS. Therefore, current common strategies of dosing melphalan do not impair outcomes for obese patients, and obesity should not exclude patients from consideration of autologous transplantation. Further research is necessary to optimize dosing of both chemotherapy and radiation in obese patients.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 05/2011; 17(12):1765-74. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) is a key negative regulator of T cell activation and proliferation. Ipilimumab is a human monoclonal antibody that specifically blocks the binding of CTLA-4 to its ligand. To test the hypothesis that blockade of CTLA-4 by ipilimumab could augment graft-versus-malignancy (GVM) effects without a significant impact on graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), we conducted a phase I clinical trial of ipilimumab infusion in patients with relapsed malignancy following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Here, we report the analysis of peripheral blood T lymphocyte reconstitution, T regulatory cell (Treg) expression, and T cell activation markers after a single dose of ipilimumab in 29 patients. Peripheral blood samples were collected from all patients before and after ipilimumab infusion. Lymphocyte immunophenotyes, including levels of CD4(+)CD25(high) cells and T cell activation markers, were analyzed in all cases. Levels of CD4(+)CD25(high)Foxp3(+) cells and intracellular CTLA-4 in CD4(+) T cells also were evaluated in the last 11 cases. We found lower baseline levels of CD4(+) and CD45RO(+) T cells in patients compared with normal controls. More than 50% of the patients had abnormally low lymphocyte counts (CD4 or/and CD8 T cells), and some had no circulating B lymphocytes. The percentages of both CD4(+)CD25(high) and CD4(+)CD25(high)Foxp3(+) T cells were significantly higher in patients before ipilimumab infusion than in healthy donors. Twenty of 29 patients exhibited an elevated level of CD4(+)CD25(low) activated T cells at baseline, compared with only 3 of 26 healthy donors. Both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T lymphocyte counts were significantly increased after ipilimumab infusion. There was no consistent change in absolute lymphocyte count or in the number of T cells expressing the activation marker CD69. However, increases in CD4(+)CD25(low) T cells were seen in 20 of 29 patients and increases in CD4(+)HLA-DR(+) T cells were seen in the last 10 patients in the first 60 days after ipilimumab infusion. Although the percentages of both CD4(+)CD25(high) and CD4(+)CD25(high)Foxp3(+) T cells decreased significantly during the observation period, the absolute cell counts did not change. Intracellular CTLA-4 expression in CD4(+)CD25(lo/-) T cells increased significantly after ipilimumab infusion. We conclude that CTLA-4 blockade by a single infusion of ipilimumab increased CD4(+) and CD4(+)HLA-DR(+) T lymphocyte counts and intracellular CTLA-4 expression at the highest dose level. There was no significant change in Treg cell numbers after ipilimumab infusion. These data demonstrate that significant changes in T cell populations occur on exposure to a single dose of ipilimumab. Further studies with multiple doses are needed to explore this phenomenon further and to correlate changes in lymphocyte subpopulations with clinical events.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 05/2011; 17(5):682-92. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We prospectively treated 80 patients with relapse of malignancy or secondary myelodysplasia after autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) with allogeneic HCT (allo-HCT) using a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen of fludarabine 150 mg/m(2) plus intravenous busulfan 6.4 mg/kg. Both matched sibling (MSD) and unrelated donors (MUD) were allowed. Patients transplanted from MUD donors received more intensive graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis, including rabbit antithymocyte globulin (ATG) 10 mg/kg, mycophenolate mofetil, and an extended schedule of tacrolimus. With a median follow-up of 3.1 years (0.9-5.8), treatment-related mortality (TRM) at 6 months and 2 years was 8% and 23%, respectively. Neither TRM nor the rates of acute GVHD (aGVHD) were different in those with sibling or MUD donors. Donor CD3 cell chimerism >90% at day +30 was achieved more often in patients with MUD than with matched sibling donors, 70% versus 23% (P < .0001). Median event-free suvival was higher in patients who achieved early full donor chimerism (14.2 versus 8 months, P = .0395). Allo-HCT using this reduced-intensity conditioning regimen can be performed with low TRM in patients who have received a prior AHCT. Efforts to improve early donor CD3 chimerism may improve event-free survival.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 04/2011; 17(4):558-65. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cancer and Leukemia Group B conducted a phase II study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen with allogeneic transplantation to treat patients with recurrent low-grade B cell malignancies. Patients over age 18 with a diagnosis of relapsed, chemotherapy-sensitive disease underwent transplantation with a matched sibling donor, and conditioning with cyclophosphamide (1 g/m(2)/day × 3) and fludarabine phosphate (25 mg/m(2)/day × 5). Graft-versus-host prophylaxis included cyclosporine or tacrolimus plus low-dose methotrexate. Forty-four evaluable patients with a median age of 53 and median of 2 prior regimens were accrued. Sixteen patients had follicular non-Hodgkin lymphoma and 28 had histologies including 7 indolent B cell lymphomas, 4 mantle cell, 15 chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and 2 prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL) patients. The 6-month treatment-related mortality (TRM) was 2.4% and 3-year TRM was 9%. Three-year event-free and overall survival were 0.75 and 0.81 for the follicular patients, 0.59 and 0.71 for the CLL/PLL patients, and 0.55 and 0.64 for the other histologies. The incidence of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 29%, and extensive chronic GVHD was 18%. This report demonstrates that allogeneic sibling transplantation with a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen is safe and efficacious for patients with advanced indolent B cell malignancies enrolled on a Cooperative Group study.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 02/2011; 17(9):1395-403. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cancer treatment is evolving and improving through a better understanding of molecular biology and the identification of specific cancer-associated targets. However, most cancer therapies depend on cytotoxic chemicals that are marginally more toxic to neoplastic cells than normal cells. Thus, cancer therapy is imperfect, toxic, and curative in only a small percentage of patients.
    12/2010: pages 407-435;
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    ABSTRACT: Immunoglobulin D (IgD) and IgM multiple myeloma represent uncommon immunoglobulin isotypes, accounting for 2% and 0.5% of cases, respectively. Limited information is available regarding the prognosis of these isotypes, but they have been considered to have a more aggressive course than the more common immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgA isotypes. In particular, the outcome after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HCT) has not been well defined. Using the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) database, we identified 36 patients with IgD and 11 patients with IgM myeloma among 3578 myeloma patients who received intensive therapy and auto-HCT over a 10-year period. The progression-free and overall survival probabilities at 3 years were 38% (95% CI, 21%-56%) and 69% (95% CI, 51%-84%) for IgD myeloma, and 47% (95% CI, 17%-78%) and 68% (95% CI, 36%-93%), respectively, for IgM disease. Although formal statistical analysis was limited by the small sample size, these results were comparable to those for IgG and IgA patients autografted during the same time period. Transplantation-related mortality and disease relapse/progression of myeloma were also similar for all isotypes. This analysis demonstrates comparable outcomes in all immunoglobulin isotypes. Therefore, auto-HCT should be offered to eligible patients with IgD and IgM myeloma.
    Clinical lymphoma, myeloma & leukemia 12/2010; 10(6):458-63.
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    ABSTRACT: We compared outcomes of patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) who received granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)-stimulated bone marrow (G-BM) (n = 78), unstimulated bone marrow (BM) (n = 547), or peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPC) (n = 134) from an HLA-matched sibling. Transplantations occurred in 1997 to 2003. Rates of neutrophil and platelet recovery were not different among the 3 treatment groups. Grade 2-4 acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) (relative risk [RR] = 0.82, P = .539), grade 3-4 aGVHD (RR = 0.74, P = .535), and chronic GVHD (cGVHD) (RR = 1.56, P = .229) were similar after G-BM and BM transplants. Grade 2-4 aGVHD (RR = 2.37, P = .012) but not grade 3-4 aGVHD (RR = 1.66, P = .323) and cGVHD (RR = 5.09, P < .001) were higher after PBPC transplants compared to G-BM. Grade 2-4 (RR = 2.90, P < .001), grade 3-4 (RR = 2.24, P = .009) aGVHD and cGVHD (RR = 3.26, P < .001) were higher after PBPC transplants compared to BM. Mortality risks were lower after transplantation of BM compared to G-BM (RR = 0.63, P = .05). These data suggest no advantage to using G-BM and the observed higher rates of aGVHD and cGVHD in PBPC recipients warrants cautious use of this graft source for SAA. Taken together, BM is the preferred graft for HLA-matched sibling transplants for SAA.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 10/2010; 17(7):1018-24. · 3.15 Impact Factor
  • Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation 02/2010; 16(2). · 3.94 Impact Factor
  • Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation 02/2010; 16(2). · 3.94 Impact Factor
  • Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - BIOL BLOOD MARROW TRANSPLANT. 01/2010; 16(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Blacks are twice as likely to develop and die from multiple myeloma (MM), and are less likely to receive an autologous hematopoietic-cell transplant (AHCT) for MM compared to Whites. The influence of race on outcomes of AHCT for MM is not well described. We compared the probability of overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), disease progression, and nonrelapse mortality (NRM) among Black (N=303) and White (N=1892) recipients of AHCT for MM, who were reported to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) from 1995 to 2005. The Black cohort was more likely to be female, and had better Karnofsky performance scores, but lower hemoglobin and albumin levels at diagnosis. Black recipients were younger and more likely to be transplanted later in their disease course. Disease stage and treatment characteristics prior to AHCT were similar between the 2 groups. Black and White recipients had similar probabilities of 5-year OS (52% versus 47%, P=.19) and PFS (19% versus 21%, P=.64) as well as cumulative incidences of disease progression (72% versus 72%, P=.97) and NRM (9% versus 8%, P=.52). In multivariate analyses, race was not associated with any of these endpoints. Black recipients of AHCT for MM have similar outcomes compared to Whites, suggesting that the reasons underlying lower rates of AHCT in Blacks need to be studied further to ensure equal access to effective therapy.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 11/2009; 16(3):395-402. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myelofibrosis is a myeloproliferative disorder incurable with conventional strategies. Several small series have reported long-term disease-free survival (DSF) after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). In this study, we analyze the outcomes of 289 patients receiving allogeneic transplantation for primary myelofibrosis between 1989 and 2002, from the database of the Center for International Bone Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR). The median age was 47 years (range: 18-73 years). Donors were HLA identical siblings in 162 patients, unrelated individuals in 101 patients, and HLA nonidentical family members in 26 patients. Patients were treated with a variety of conditioning regimens and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis regimens. Splenectomy was performed in 65 patients prior to transplantation. The 100-day treatment-related mortality was 18% for HLA identical sibling transplants, 35% for unrelated transplants, and 19% for transplants from alternative related donors. Corresponding 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 37%, 30%, and 40%, respectively. DFS rates were 33%, 27%, and 22%, respectively. DFS for patients receiving reduced-intensity transplants was comparable: 39% for HLA identical sibling donors and 17% for unrelated donors at 3 years. In this large retrospective series, allogeneic transplantation for myelofibrosis resulted in long-term relapse-free survival (RFS) in about one-third of patients.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 10/2009; 16(3):358-67. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Autologous peripheral blood stem/progenitor cell transplantation (APBSCT) has been investigated as a potential therapeutic option to improve outcome in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). However, its optimal role in treatment for adults in remission has not been clearly established. We performed a retrospective analysis on 45 patients aged 21 to 73 years (median 51 years) with de novo AML who underwent APBSCT stratified by age, complete remission status, and cytogenetic risk. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) for all patients was 33.9% (95% confidence interval [CI], 20.1%-53.7%) and overall survival (OS) was 43.6% (CI, 29.2%-62.8%). For patients under the age of 60 years, the 5-year DFS for intermediate and high cytogenetic risk was 53.3% (CI, 23.5%-85.6%) and 50.0% (CI, 16.1%-100.0%); the 5-year OS for patients under the age of 60 years with low, intermediate, and high cytogenetic risk was 80.0% (CI, 40.0%-100.0%), 60.0% (CI, 31.2%-90.7%), and 75.0% (CI, 39.0%-100.0%), respectively. For patients over the age of 60 years, the 5-year DFS and OS for intermediate cytogenetic risk was 21.4% (CI, 7.9%-58.4%) and 21.4% (CI, 7.9%-58.4%). The DFS and OS of these patients are comparable to the historic survival of those who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation when adjusted by age. In addition, there was no treatment-related mortality (TRM). We conclude that APBSCT is a reasonable and safe intensive consolidation for patients with AML who do not have a suitable HLA-matched donor.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 10/2009; 15(10):1306-13. · 3.15 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
284.93 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Georgia State University
      • Department of Mathematics and Statistics
      Atlanta, Georgia, United States
  • 2012
    • Roswell Park Cancer Institute
      Buffalo, New York, United States
  • 2011
    • Northside Hospital
      Atlanta, Georgia, United States
    • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
      North Carolina, United States
    • University of Pennsylvania
      • "Abramson" Cancer Center
      Philadelphia, PA, United States
  • 1998–2011
    • University of California, San Diego
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Moores Cancer Center/Oncology
      • • Department of Pathology
      San Diego, California, United States
  • 1998–2010
    • Indiana Blood and Marrow Transplantation
      Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
  • 2008
    • Mayo Clinic - Rochester
      • Department of Hematology
      Rochester, Minnesota, United States
    • University of Chicago
      • Department of Medicine
      Chicago, IL, United States
  • 2001
    • Michiana Hematology Oncology
      Indiana, Pennsylvania, United States
    • University of São Paulo
      • Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (FMRP)
      São Paulo, Estado de Sao Paulo, Brazil