Linda T Vahdat

Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York, United States

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Publications (152)1184.44 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Eribulin mesylate has efficacy in patients who have received ≥2 prior chemotherapies for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) including an anthracycline and taxane. Phase 2 trials showed clinical activity and acceptable tolerability of first-line eribulin (HER2- MBC; Study 206) and eribulin plus trastuzumab (HER2+ MBC; Study 208). Prespecified analyses evaluated efficacy by prior anthracycline and/or taxane use. Patients received eribulin mesylate (1.4 mg/m(2) IV; Days 1 and 8) and, in Study 208, trastuzumab (8 mg/kg IV/Cycle 1, then 6 mg/kg; Day 1) in 21-day cycles. Endpoints included objective response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), and tolerability. In Study 206 (N = 56), 48 % of patients had received prior anthracycline, 46 % prior taxane, 36 % prior anthracycline and taxane, and 41 % were chemotherapy-naïve. In Study 208 (N = 52), these percentages were 21, 44, 17, and 52 %, respectively. In Study 206, ORR and median PFS were similar for anthracycline-pretreated (25.9 %, 5.8 months), taxane-pretreated (26.9 %, 5.8 months), anthracycline- and taxane-pretreated (25.0 %, 6.7 months), and anthracycline/taxane-naïve patients (30.4 %, 7.6 months). In Study 208, ORR/median PFS were 63.6 %/6.7 months among anthracycline-pretreated patients, 56.5 %/6.8 months among taxane-pretreated patients, 55.6 %/5.9 months among anthracycline- and taxane-pretreated patients, and 81.5 %/13.1 months among anthracycline/taxane-naïve patients. Tolerability was generally similar among subgroups. In these studies, first-line eribulin in HER2- MBC and eribulin/trastuzumab in HER2+ MBC was effective with acceptable tolerability, regardless of prior anthracycline/taxane treatment. Prior chemotherapy was associated with lower ORR and shorter PFS with eribulin/trastuzumab in HER2+ MBC but not with eribulin in HER2- MBC.
    SpringerPlus 09/2015; 4:532. DOI:10.1186/s40064-015-1322-y
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity and extracellular matrix (ECM) density are considered independent risk and prognostic factors for breast cancer. Whether they are functionally linked is uncertain. We investigated the hypothesis that obesity enhances local myofibroblast content in mammary adipose tissue and that these stromal changes increase malignant potential by enhancing interstitial ECM stiffness. Indeed, mammary fat of both diet- and genetically induced mouse models of obesity were enriched for myofibroblasts and stiffness-promoting ECM components. These differences were related to varied adipose stromal cell (ASC) characteristics because ASCs isolated from obese mice contained more myofibroblasts and deposited denser and stiffer ECMs relative to ASCs from lean control mice. Accordingly, decellularized matrices from obese ASCs stimulated mechanosignaling and thereby the malignant potential of breast cancer cells. Finally, the clinical relevance and translational potential of our findings were supported by analysis of patient specimens and the observation that caloric restriction in a mouse model reduces myofibroblast content in mammary fat. Collectively, these findings suggest that obesity-induced interstitial fibrosis promotes breast tumorigenesis by altering mammary ECM mechanics with important potential implications for anticancer therapies. Copyright © 2015, American Association for the Advancement of Science.
    Science translational medicine 08/2015; 7(301):1-11. DOI:10.1126/scitranslmed.3010467 · 15.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sacituzumab govitecan (IMMU-132) is an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) targeting Trop-2, a surface glycoprotein expressed on many epithelial tumors, for delivery of SN-38, the active metabolite of irinotecan. This Phase I trial evaluated this ADC as a potential therapeutic for pretreated patients with a variety of metastatic solid cancers. Sacituzumab govitecan was administered on days 1 and 8 of 21-day cycles, with cycles repeated until dose-limiting toxicity or progression. Dose escalation followed a standard 3 + 3 scheme with 4 planned dose levels and dose delay or reduction allowed. Twenty-five patients (52-60 years old, 3 median prior chemotherapy regimens) were treated at dose levels of 8 (N=7), 10 (N=6), 12 (N=9), and 18 (N=3) mg/kg. Neutropenia was dose-limiting, with 12 mg/kg the maximum tolerated dose for cycle 1, but too toxic with repeated cycles. Lower doses were acceptable for extended treatment with no treatment-related grade 4 toxicities and grade 3 toxicities limited to fatigue (N=3), neutropenia (N=2), diarrhea (N=1), and leukopenia (N=1). Using CT-based RECIST 1.1, two patients achieved partial responses (triple-negative breast cancer, colon cancer) and 16 others had stable disease as best response. Twelve patients maintained disease control with continued treatment for 16-36 weeks; 6 survived 15-20+ months. No pre-selection of patients based on tumor Trop-2 expression was done. Sacituzumab govitecan had acceptable toxicity and encouraging therapeutic activity in patients with difficult-to-treat cancers. The 8 and 10 mg/kg doses were selected for Phase II studies. Copyright © 2015, American Association for Cancer Research.
    Clinical Cancer Research 05/2015; 21(17). DOI:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-14-3321 · 8.72 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Research 05/2015; 75(9 Supplement):P3-08-04-P3-08-04. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.SABCS14-P3-08-04 · 9.33 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Research 05/2015; 75(9 Supplement):P5-19-27-P5-19-27. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.SABCS14-P5-19-27 · 9.33 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Research 05/2015; 75(9 Supplement):P5-17-02-P5-17-02. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.SABCS14-P5-17-02 · 9.33 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Research 05/2015; 75(9 Supplement):P5-19-08-P5-19-08. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.SABCS14-P5-19-08 · 9.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Variations in single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been associated with enhanced drug efficacy and toxicity in cancer therapy. SNP variations in the ErbB2 gene have been identified that alter the protein sequence of the HER2-neu protein, but how these polymorphisms affect prognosis and response to HER2 targeted therapy is unknown. We examined eleven ErbB2 SNPs that alter the HER2-neu amino acid sequence to determine whether any of these particular polymorphisms were associated with increased trastuzumab cardiotoxicity in a case–control study. Methods 140 subjects were enrolled from a single institution under Weill Cornell Medical College IRB protocol #0804009734. Patients were eligible if they had histologically or cytologically proven HER2-neu positive breast cancer and more than 3 months of trastuzumab therapy. Cases had either symptomatic CHF or a decline in LVEF of 15% (or if the LVEF <55%, a decline in LVEF of 10%) that resulted in at least temporary discontinuation of trastuzumab, whereas controls had no decline in their LVEF. Eleven ErbB2 single gene SNPs that resulted in an alteration in the HER2-neu protein amino acid sequence were studied. Single gene SNP analysis was carried out using SNP genotyping assays from genomic DNA obtained from peripheral blood or buccal swab. Results Only two of the ErbB2 SNPs (Ile 655 Val and Pro 1170 Ala) were found to have variation. There was no association between codon 665 and cardiotoxicity; however the proline variant of amino acid 1170 was more likely than the alanine variant to be found in cases with trastuzumab cardiotoxicity (35% of case patients as compared to 17% of controls, p = 0.04). This association remained significant in multivariable analysis taking into account age, race, and history of hypertension (adjusted OR = 2.60, 95% CI = 1.02, 6.62, p = 0.046). Conclusions The Her2/neu Pro 1170 Ala polymorphism can be used to identify a subset of patients who are at increased risk of cardiotoxicity from trastuzumab therapy. Her2/neu single nucleotide polymorphisms may be useful in conjunction with other biomarkers to risk stratify patients in order to optimize clinical management.
    BMC Cancer 04/2015; 15(1). DOI:10.1186/s12885-015-1298-6 · 3.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glycoprotein NMB (gpNMB), a negative prognostic marker, is overexpressed in multiple tumor types. Glembatumumab vedotin is a gpNMB-specific monoclonal antibody conjugated to the potent cytotoxin monomethyl auristatin E. This phase II study investigated the activity of glembatumumab vedotin in advanced breast cancer by gpNMB expression. Patients (n = 124) with refractory breast cancer that expressed gpNMB in ≥ 5% of epithelial or stromal cells by central immunohistochemistry were stratified by gpNMB expression (tumor, low stromal intensity, high stromal intensity) and were randomly assigned 2:1 to glembatumumab vedotin (n = 83) or investigator's choice (IC) chemotherapy (n = 41). The study was powered to detect overall objective response rate (ORR) in the glembatumumab vedotin arm between 10% (null) and 22.5% (alternative hypothesis) with preplanned investigation of activity by gpNMB distribution and/or intensity (Stratum 1 to Stratum 3). Glembatumumab vedotin was well tolerated as compared with IC chemotherapy (less hematologic toxicity; more rash, pruritus, neuropathy, and alopecia). ORR was 6% (five of 83) for glembatumumab vedotin versus 7% (three of 41) for IC, without significant intertreatment differences for predefined strata. Secondary end point revealed ORR of 12% (10 of 83) versus 12% (five of 41) overall, and 30% (seven of 23) versus 9% (one of 11) for gpNMB overexpression (≥ 25% of tumor cells). Unplanned analysis showed ORR of 18% (five of 28) versus 0% (0 of 11) in patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), and 40% (four of 10) versus 0% (zero of six) in gpNMB-overexpressing TNBC. Glembatumumab vedotin is well tolerated in heavily pretreated patients with breast cancer. Although the primary end point in advanced gpNMB-expressing breast cancer was not met for all enrolled patients (median tumor gpNMB expression, 5%), activity may be enhanced in patients with gpNMB-overexpressing tumors and/or TNBC. A pivotal phase II trial (METRIC [Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer]) is underway. © 2015 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 04/2015; 33(14). DOI:10.1200/JCO.2014.56.2959 · 18.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic inflammation is recognized as a risk factor for the development of several malignancies. Local white adipose tissue (WAT) inflammation, defined by the presence of dead or dying adipocytes encircled by macrophages which form crown-like structures (CLS), occurs in the breasts (CLS-B) of most overweight and obese women. Previously, we showed that the presence of CLS-B is associated with elevated tissue levels of proinflammatory mediators and aromatase, the rate-limiting enzyme for estrogen biosynthesis. The associated increased levels of aromatase in the breast provide a plausible mechanistic link between WAT inflammation and estrogen-dependent breast cancers. Thus, breast WAT inflammation could be relevant for explaining the high incidence of estrogen-dependent tumors with aging despite diminished circulating estrogen levels after menopause. To explore this possibility, we determined whether menopause in addition to body mass index (BMI) is associated with breast WAT inflammation among 237 prospectively enrolled women. The presence of CLS-B and its severity (CLS-B/cm2) as indicators of WAT inflammation correlated with menopausal status (P=0.008 and P<0.001) and BMI (P<0.001 for both). In multivariable analyses adjusted for BMI, the postmenopausal state was independently associated with the presence (P=0.03) and severity of breast WAT inflammation (P=0.01). Mean adipocyte size increased in association with CLS-B (P<0.001). Our findings demonstrate that breast WAT inflammation, which is associated with elevated aromatase levels, is increased in association with the postmenopausal state independent of BMI. Breast WAT inflammation, a process that can potentially be targeted, may help to explain the high incidence of estrogen-dependent tumors in postmenopausal women. Copyright © 2015, American Association for Cancer Research.
    Cancer Prevention Research 02/2015; 8(5). DOI:10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-14-0243 · 4.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chemotherapy-induced alopecia (CIA) is a distressing adverse effect of many chemotherapy agents. The TC (docetaxel [Taxotere] and cyclophosphamide) chemotherapy regimen is typically associated with complete alopecia. Scalp cooling with cold caps has been reported to minimize or prevent CIA. We conducted a prospective study to assess efficacy of scalp cooling in preventing CIA among women receiving adjuvant TC chemotherapy for breast cancer. Women at the Weill Cornell Breast Center who independently elected to use scalp cooling with cold caps during adjuvant TC chemotherapy were asked to participate. Degree of hair loss was assessed by a single practitioner using Dean's alopecia scale (grade 1/excellent [< 25% hair loss], grade 2/good [25%-50% hair loss], grade 3/moderate [50%-75% hair loss], grade 4/poor [> 75% hair loss]), by digital photographs, and by patient self-report of hair thinning or the need to wear a wig/head covering, or both. Assessments were made before each chemotherapy treatment and at follow-up visits between 3 weeks and 3 months after completion of chemotherapy. Of 20 evaluable patients, 10% reported a need to wear a wig/head covering at the follow-up visit. Dean's alopecia score was excellent for 65% of patients, good for 25% of patients, and moderate or poor for 10% of patients. The majority of patients reported hair thinning after every chemotherapy cycle. No patient discontinued therapy because of an intolerance to cold caps. Scalp cooling with cold caps appears to be effective in preventing CIA among the majority of women undergoing treatment with TC chemotherapy. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Clinical Breast Cancer 01/2015; 15(5). DOI:10.1016/j.clbc.2015.01.003 · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to determine predictors of recurrence for patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and mastectomy according to the use of postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT). An analysis of 161 clinically staged T1 to T3/N0 to N3 patients treated with NAC and mastectomy with and without PMRT at our institution from 2003 to 2010 was conducted. The Kaplan-Meier product limit method was used to estimate survival and time to recurrence rates and the log-rank test was used to compare groups. A Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was carried out for time to recurrence, radiation therapy, and their interaction in the model. The median follow-up period was 48 months and 18 patients developed a recurrence. The 5-year recurrence rate and overall survival was 16.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.6%-26.3%) and 93.6% (95% CI, 88.2%-97.0%), respectively. Patients who underwent PMRT had a decreased risk of recurrence compared with patients who did not (hazard ratio [HR], 0.25; 95% CI, 0.097-0.661; P < .005). The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate for those who received PMRT was 91.3% (95% CI, 82.8%-95.7%) and 64.8% (95% CI, 37.8%-82.4%) for those who did not (P = .0126). Among all clinicopathologic factors examined, pathologic T stage (ypT) and pathological N stage (ypN) significantly correlated with the risk of recurrence (P < .05). Patients with any pathological nodal disease had an increased risk of recurrence compared with patients who were pathologically node-negative (HR, 7.196; 95% CI, 2.05-25.264; P < .002). Patients treated with NAC and mastectomy, but without PMRT had a higher risk recurrence with increasing ypT and ypN stages. PMRT might increase DFS. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Clinical Breast Cancer 11/2014; 15(2). DOI:10.1016/j.clbc.2014.09.012 · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Data from two phase 3 studies of eribulin were pooled in analyses initially requested by the European Medicines Agency to assess whether specific patient subgroups, previously treated with an anthracycline and a taxane, benefited from eribulin. Study 305/EMBRACE included women after two-to-five lines of chemotherapy for advanced breast cancer who were randomized to eribulin mesylate (1.4 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8 every 21 days) or treatment of physician’s choice. In Study 301, patients who had received up to two prior chemotherapy regimens for advanced disease were randomized to eribulin (as above) or capecitabine (1.25 g/m2 b.i.d. on days 1–14 every 21 days). In the pooled population, overall survival (OS), progression-free survival and response rates were analysed in the intent-to-treat population and selected subgroups. Overall, 1,062 patients were randomized to eribulin and 802 patients to control. Median OS was 15.2 months with eribulin versus 12.8 months with control (hazard ratio [HR] 0.85; 95 % CI 0.77, 0.95; P = 0.003). In all subgroups assessed, OS data favoured eribulin; significant improvements occurred in some subgroups, notably in women with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative disease (HR 0.82; P = 0.002), although the effect in those with HER2-negative but hormone-receptor-positive disease did not reach statistical significance; benefits were also seen, among others, in those with estrogen-receptor-negative and triple-negative disease. Eribulin improves OS in various patient subgroups with advanced/metastatic breast cancer who had previously received an anthracycline and a taxane. Women with HER2-negative disease are among those who may obtain benefit from eribulin. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10549-014-3144-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 11/2014; 149(1). DOI:10.1007/s10549-014-3144-y · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    43rd Annual Meeting of the Child-Neurology-Society; 10/2014
  • Cancer Research 10/2014; 74(19 Supplement):CT206-CT206. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2014-CT206 · 9.33 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Research 10/2014; 74(19 Supplement):CT309-CT309. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2014-CT309 · 9.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Glycoprotein NMB (gpNMB), a novel transmembrane protein overexpressed in 40% to 60% of breast cancers, promotes metastases in animal models and is a prognostic marker of a poor outcome in patients. The antibody-drug conjugate glembatumumab vedotin consists of a fully human anti-gpNMB monoclonal antibody, conjugated via a cleavable linker to monomethyl auristatin E. Glembatumumab vedotin is generally well tolerated, with observed objective responses in advanced melanoma. This is, to our knowledge, the first study of glembatumumab vedotin in breast cancer. Patients and methods: Eligible patients had advanced/metastatic breast cancer with at least two prior chemotherapy regimens, including taxane, anthracycline, and capecitabine. A standard 3+3 dose escalation was followed by a phase II expansion. Immunohistochemistry for gpNMB was performed retrospectively for patients with available tumor tissue. Results: Forty-two patients were enrolled. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) consisted of worsening neuropathy at 1.34 mg/kg. After excluding patients with baseline neuropathy more than grade 1, no DLT occurred through 1.88 mg/kg (the phase II dose). The phase II primary activity end point was met (12-week progression-free survival [PFS12] = 9 of 27 patients; 33%). Sixteen of 19 (84%) patients tested had gpNMB-positive tumors. At the phase II dose, median PFS was 9.1 weeks for all patients, 17.9 weeks for patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), and 18.0 weeks for patients with gpNMB-positive tumors. Two patients had confirmed partial responses; both had gpNMB-positive tumors and one had TNBC. Conclusion: Glembatumumab vedotin has an acceptable safety profile. Preliminary evidence of activity in treatment-resistant metastatic breast cancer requires confirmation, such as the phase II randomized trial (EMERGE) that also examines the relationship between activity and gpNMB distribution/intensity.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 09/2014; 32(32). DOI:10.1200/JCO.2013.52.5683 · 18.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The development of breast cancer metastasis is accompanied by dynamic transcriptome changes and dramatic alterations in nuclear and chromatin structure. The basis of these changes is incompletely understood. The DNA methylome of primary breast cancers contribute to transcriptomic heterogeneity and different metastatic behavior. Therefore we sought to characterize methylome remodeling during regional metastasis. We profiled the DNA methylome and transcriptome of 44 matched primary breast tumors and regional metastases. Striking subtype-specific patterns of metastasis-associated methylome remodeling were observed, which reflected the molecular heterogeneity of breast cancers. These divergent changes occurred primarily in CpG island (CGI)-poor areas. Regions of methylome reorganization shared by the subtypes were also observed, and we were able to identify a metastasis-specific methylation signature that was present across the breast cancer subclasses. These alterations also occurred outside of CGIs and promoters, including sequences flanking CGIs and intergenic sequences. Integrated analysis of methylation and gene expression identified genes whose expression correlated with metastasis-specific methylation. Together, these findings significantly enhance our understanding of the epigenetic reorganization that occurs during regional breast cancer metastasis across the major breast cancer subtypes and reveal the nature of methylome remodeling during this process.
    PLoS ONE 08/2014; 9(8):e103896. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0103896 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background We sought to define the clinical and ultrastructure effects of ixabepilone (Ix), a microtubule-stabilizing chemotherapy agent on cutaneous sensory nerves and to investigate a potential mitochondrial toxicity mechanism.Methods Ten breast cancer patients receiving Ix underwent total neuropathy score clinical (TNSc) assessment, distal leg skin biopsies at cycle (Cy) 3 (80–90 mg/m2), Cy5 (160–190 mg/m2), and Cy7 (>200 mg/m2) and were compared to 5 controls. Skin blocks were processed for EM and ultrastructural morphometry of Remak axons done.ResultsAt baseline, Ix-treated subjects had higher TNSc values (4.5 ± 0.8 vs. 0.0 ± 0.0), greater percentage of empty (denervated) Schwann cells (29% vs. 12%), altered axonal diameter (422.9 ± 17 vs. 354.9 ± 14.8 nm, P = 0.01), and axon profiles without mitochondria tended to increase compared to control subjects (71% vs. 70%). With increasing cumulative Ix exposure, an increase in TNSc values (Cy3: 5.4 ± 1.2, Cy7: 10 ± 4, P < 0.001), empty Schwann cells (39% by Cy7), and dilated axons (in nm, Cy3: 506.3 ± 22.1, Cy5: 534.8 ± 33, Cy7: 527.8 ± 24.4; P < 0.001) was observed. In addition, axon profiles without mitochondria (Cy3:74%, Cy7:78%) and mitochondria with abnormal morphology (grade 3 or 4) increased from 24% to 79%. Schwann cells with atypical mitochondria and perineuronal macrophage infiltration in dermis were noted.InterpretationThis study provides functional and structural evidence that Ix exposure induces a dose-dependent toxicity on small sensory fibers with an increase in TNSc scores and progressive axonal loss. Mitochondria appear to bear the cumulative toxic effect and chemotherapy-induced toxicity can be monitored through serial skin biopsy-based analysis.
    08/2014; 1(9). DOI:10.1002/acn3.90
  • Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 06/2014; 146(2). DOI:10.1007/s10549-014-3010-y · 3.94 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

4k Citations
1,184.44 Total Impact Points


  • 2002–2015
    • Weill Cornell Medical College
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Division of Hematology/Medical Oncology
      New York, New York, United States
  • 1995–2014
    • CUNY Graduate Center
      New York, New York, United States
    • Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
      • Breast Cancer Medicine Service
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2005–2012
    • Cornell University
      Итак, New York, United States
  • 1995–2009
    • New York Presbyterian Hospital
      • • Department of Pain Medicine
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2001–2007
    • Columbia University
      • Department of Epidemiology
      New York, New York, United States
  • 1999
    • Saint Luke's Hospital (NY, USA)
      New York City, New York, United States