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Publications (22)0.85 Total impact

  • Da-Bo Liu, Jing Zhou, Zhen-Yun Huang, Jian-Wen Zhong
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    ABSTRACT: To discuss the factors associated with non-adherence to therapy with home-based remote monitoring noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) in children with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and risk factors. Twenty-one children with OSAHS and risk factors from March 2001 to December 2012 were enrolled in this study. They all received home-based remote monitoring NIPPV therapy. After admission, all children underwent NIPPV titration, then the parents were trained to operate the ventilator, after that, the children were discharged. Remote monitoring started to monitor NIPPV parameters and the adherence to NIPPV. Under remote monitoring, ten children (50.0%) were adherence to NIPPV therapy. Seven children (31.8%) gave up NIPPV therapy within one week and four children (19.0%) gave up one month after NIPPV therapy started. The reason for non-adherence was as follows: 3 cases (27.3%) had some economic problems, 3 cases (27.3%) considered NIPPV therapy as a inconvenient therapy and lost patience; 2 cases(18.2%) resisted the therapy and 3 cases (27.3%) could not tolerate the therapy. Under remote monitoring, non-adherence to home-based remote monitoring NIPPV therapy is still high in children during the early treatment, mainly due to economic problems, intolerance to the therapy and lack of the recognition of the importance of the therapy.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 08/2013; 48(8):677-9.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: We examined the safety, efficacy, and caregiver satisfaction of a remote monitoring system for home-based non-invasive positive pressure ventilation of children and infants with upper airway obstruction. METHODS: Fourteen pediatric patients (age 50 days to 12 years) treated in our ENT unit from March 2009 to July 2011 and requiring home-based non-invasive positive pressure ventilation were enrolled in this feasibility study; one patient underwent CPAP and the other 13 patients underwent Bi-PAP. User satisfaction with the monitoring system was assessed by questionnaires given at regular intervals to parents and attending physicians. Compliance was determined by the number of days that parents uploaded data to the central server. In addition, the feasibility of the system was analyzed by comparing costs and time expenditures with traditional clinic visits. RESULTS: The patients' parents (primary caregivers) uploaded data via the system on 93.3% of trial days, indicating good compliance. No system or device failures occurred. Both parents and physicians considered the system convenient and ease to use according to >80% of the returned questionnaires, indicating high user satisfaction. The mean distance between the patients' homes and the hospital was 113±71km, and parents required 371±182min to reach the hospital for a follow-up visit. In contrast, it took only 5.7±3.1min per day to transmit data (P<0.05 compared to hospital travel time). As of August 2011, average cost per patient was 632 Chinese yuan (¥), which was ¥924 (59.4%) lower than the cost of clinic visits (¥1556). CONCLUSIONS: The remote monitoring system was safe, reliable, easy to use, cost effective, and widely acceptable to both parents and physicians. This system may allow for safe and effective home-based non-invasive positive pressure ventilation for children with upper airway obstructions in developing countries with limited health care budgets or for patients from remote regions.
    International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology 08/2012; · 0.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To present the efficacy of minimally invasive technology of coblation in the treatment of infant epiglottic cyst. The clinical data of 30 infants with epiglottic cyst treated between January 2008 and January 2011 were reviewed retrospectively. All infants with epiglottic cyst were treated with the ArthroCare ENT Coblator II Surgery System after being checked completely. All 30 patients were successfully operated. The blood loss was less than 2 ml during the surgery. The infants recovered without any complications and were discharged from hospital in 10 days after surgery. The clinical symptoms improved significantly or disappeared. No patients showed recurrence during followed-up over 6 months. The advantage of the minimally invasive technology of coblation in infant epiglottic cyst was less bleeding, little injury and postoperative organization reaction.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 06/2012; 47(6):496-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore which index is more suitable to show the degree of sleep fragment in children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Between October 2009 and August 2011, Forty-five children (4 - 8 years) who were diagnosed as obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) were enrolled in OSAHS group[obstructive apnea index (OAI) > 1 times/h or apnea hypopnea index (AHI) > 5 times/h, lowest oxygen saturation (LSaO2) < 0.92] and 54 children were enrolled in SDB group (1 ≤ AHI ≤ 5 times/h and OAI ≤ 1 times/h), 18 children with chorditis nodulosa made up control group (AHI < 1 times/h and LSaO2 ≥ 0.92, without SDB-related history). The difference of respiratory arousal index (RAI), spontaneous arousal index (SAI), total arousal index (ARtotI) and sleep pressure score (SPS) were compared among three groups. The correlation between RAI, SAI, ARtotI, SPS and AHI were also analyzed. Furthermore, RAI, SAI, ARtotI and SPS were compared before and after operation in 14 OSAHS children with detailed pre- and after polysomnography data. The difference of SAI and ARtotI between SDB group and OSAHS group and ARtotI between OSAHS group and control group were not significant (P > 0.017), except this, the difference of other index between any two groups or SAI and ARtotI between otherwise two groups were significant (P < 0.017). RAI and SPS was correlated with AHI (coefficient correlation: 0.751, 0.829, P was 0.000). RAI and SPS decreased after operation and the difference was significant (Z were -3.045 and -2.982, P were 0.002 and 0.003). The difference of sleep structure was not significant. RAI and SPS were more suitable to show the degree of sleep fragment than other arousal index.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 04/2012; 47(4):274-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the reasons of multiple operations in children with airway foreign body through analyzing the clinical data of children who received two or more operations. From 2003 to 2009, all children with airway foreign body who received two or more operations in hospital were enrolled. The clinical manifestations, image before and after operation and intraoperative conditions were retrospectively analyzed, in order to find the reasons of multiple operations. All children fully recovered, no serious complications or death. The reasons of two or more operations were multiple: 21 cases (42.8%) were related to the factor of apparatus, 20 (40.8%) cases were related to the quality, surrounding conditions and location of the foreign body and experience and surgical skills of operator, 4 (8.2%) cases were due to incarceration of foreign body, another 4 (8.2%) cases were due to unstable intraoperative oxygen saturation. Both subjective and objective factors (quality, surrounding conditions or location of foreign body, et al) were related to multiple operations. To reduce the chance of multiple operations, careful preoperative assessment and preparation are necessary.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 06/2011; 46(6):513-4.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the level of serum uric acid (UA) in children with obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Between Sep. 2008 and Mar. 2010, 138 children with OSAHS were enrolled in study group. Sixty-five children with accessory auricle or ptosis of upper lid were enrolled into the control group. Furthermore, according to apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) or obstructive apnea index (OAI) the study group was further divided into three subgroups (mild, moderate and severe group). At last, the study group and control group were divided into two groups according to the body mass index (BMI), separately. The fasting serum UA level was compared among the different groups. Then the correlation between the serum UA level and AHI, BMI, oxygen desaturation index, least arterial oxygen saturation (LSaO(2)) and the percentage of total sleep time with arterial oxygen saturation < 0.92 was also analyzed in OSAHS children with or without overweight and obesity respectively. The difference of serum UA level between the study group and control group (z = -0.443), and the difference among the three groups (χ(2) = 1.241) was not significant(P > 0.05). The serum UA level in overweight and obese children [study group, 273.0 (238.3 - 357.3); control group, 298.0 (253.0 - 336.0)] was significantly higher than that in children with normal BMI [study group, 246.5(215.8 - 300.0); control group, 266.0 (224.0 - 303.3)] (z = -2.084, -2.214, P < 0.05). That serum UA level did not correlate with the above index of OSAHS was observed in children with or without overweight and obesity in study group (P > 0.05). Findings of higher serum UA level were not observed in children with OSAHS. There was no correlation between serum UA level and the above indices of OSAHS. The serum UA level in overweight and obese children was significantly higher than that in children with normal BMI.
    Zhonghua er ke za zhi. Chinese journal of pediatrics 03/2011; 49(3):218-21.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the diagnostic value of pulse transit time (PTT) in children with sleep disordered breathing(SDB). Forty eight randomly selected snorers (2 - 13 years) with SDB were examined by PSG and PTT in the same time. Data obtained were analyzed by different technicians respectively. Statistics and analysis of the data were performed. Apnea hypopnea index (AHI), obstructive apnea index (OAI), the lowest oxygen and micro-arousal index were obtained by PSG and PTT. The results was described as M [25 percentile; 75 percentile]: 4.9[1.3;10.1], 4.6[1.5;11.8]; 1.2[0.7;4.9], 1.3[0.6;5.0]; 0.93[0.85;0.95], 0.93[0.84;0.95]; 14.5[12.6;16.4], 26.0[17.4;30.6]. The difference of AHI, OAI, and the lowest oxygen were not significant (P > 0.05), while the PTT arousal index detection rate was higher than PSG (Z = -5.19, P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and determination of degree of patient's condition (P > 0.05). PTT could identify upper airway resistance syndrome in children without OASHS. Both methods can be used to diagnose SDB. However, PTT is easy to use and suitable for the diagnosis of SDB in children, especially for UARS.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 08/2010; 45(8):660-3.
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    ABSTRACT: To compare secondary postoperative haemorrhage rate of coblation with the conventional pediatric adenotonsillectomy. And to analyze possible reasons which cause the secondary bleeding after coblation adenotonsillectomy. A retrospective study was applied to compare the secondary postoperative haemorrhage rate and the bleeding moment between two groups in which 1-14 years old children from April 2005 to September 2009 in Guangzhou Children's Hospital were included. Group A was pediatric patients who had conventional adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy (dissection, without heat damage to the tissue) from April 2005 to July 2006 in Department of Otorhinolaryngology. Group B was pediatric patients who had coblation adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy from April 2008 to September 2009 in Department of Otorhinolaryngology. Two of 484 cases in group A had secondary postoperative bleeding, the rate was 0.4%. One happened 2 days after operation, another after 3 days. Eleven of 502 cases in group B had secondary postoperative bleeding, the rate was 2.2%. Secondary bleeding happened 2 to 12 days after surgery, median 6.0 days. The secondary postoperative haemorrhage rate of operating by the freshman was 2.6%(10/385), and it was 0.9%(1/117) by the senior. The rate of secondary bleeding was higher in group B than group A (chi(2) = 5.987, P < 0.05). There was no significant difference of secondary bleeding time in both groups (Mann-Whitney U score was 2.500, P > 0.05). Six of 13 cases who had secondary bleeding suffered wound or upper respiratory tract infection. Three of 13 ate inappropriately after the operation. Pediatric coblation adenotonsillectomy is a new method. The most possible reasons of secondary bleeding are poor surgery skills and ill experience. And, infection, inappropriate eating after the operation may be the other reasons of secondary bleeding.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 05/2010; 45(5):373-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the correlation between periodic limb movement index (PLMI) and the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), apnea index (AI), hypopnea index (HI) and lowest oxygen saturation (LSaO₂) in sixty-four children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Between March 2008 and May 2009, sixty-four children suspected of OSAHS underwent overnight polysomnogram monitoring in our medicine sleep center. OSAHS was diagnosed according to the general criterion. Sixty-four children were divided into two groups. Thirty children were diagnosed as OSAHS and 34 children were diagnosed as primary snoring (PS, 32 children) or upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS, 2 children). The difference of PLMI and periodic limb movement index during sleep associated with arousals (PLMI-arousal) were compared between the two groups. Besides this, the correlation between PLMI, periodic limb movement index during sleep associated with arousals and AHI, AI, HI and LSaO₂ were also analyzed in all SDB children. Furthermore, all SDB children were divided into two groups according to PLMI (< 5 events/h vs ≥ 5 events/h). AHI, AI, HI, LSaO₂ and sleep structure were compared between the two groups. (1) The difference of PLMI and PLMI-arousal between the children with OSAHS and children with other SDB types (PS and UARS) were not significant (z value, -1.279, -1.490; P value, 0.201, 0.136, respectively). (2) The increased sleep stage I was significant as being compared between the two groups (< 5 events/h vs ≥ 5 events/h, t = -2.16, P < 0.05). However, other sleep stages and sleep efficiency were not significantly different (P value, all > 0.05). (3) The difference of HI, AI, AHI, arousals index (ArI) and LSaO₂ were not significant between the two groups (< 5 events/h vs ≥ 5 events/h, P value, all > 0.05). (4) PLMI and PLMI-arousal were not correlated with AHI, HI, AI, AHI and LSaO₂ (Spearman rank correlation analysis). PLMS may be independent of SDB and PLMS had a little influence on sleep structure.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 02/2010; 45(2):111-5.
  • Da-bo Liu, Shu-yao Qiu, Jian-wen Zhong
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 06/2009; 44(5):425-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the similarities and differences of the clinical manifestations between the children with upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS) and obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), and to explore the clinical features and characteristics of sleep respiratory parameters. Using the double-blind method, all children were diagnosed as UARS or OSAHS through the polysomnography test and the results of all children were analyzed by a sleep technician and an otolaryngologist. Another ENT doctor recorded their clinical and physical examination in detail. Polysomnography showed that the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and the lowest oxygen in 253 children with OSAHS were 3.60[2.00;7.55] times/h and 0.90[0.85;0.91], and were 0.90[0.50;1.10] times/h and 0.95[0.92;0.96] in 102 children with UARS, the difference of the two groups by rank test was statistically significant. The proportion of UARS and OSAHS was more common during preschool period than during school-age period. The chief complaint in two groups was sleep snoring, and the main symptoms were sleep restless, attention deficit/hyperactivity and breath with mouth open. The incidence rate of above symptoms were as follows, 94.1%, 72.5%, 62.7% and 37.3% in children with UARS, 92.9%, 78.7%, 57.7% and 45.5% in children with OSAHS. The difference was not significant by chi-square test (P>0.05). Tonsil and adenoid hypertrophy were also observed in the two groups, the difference was not significant (chi2 = 0.27, P= 0.87). However, the children with OSAHS were more apt to have the sleep apnea than with UARS, the difference was statistically significant (chi2 = 34.07, P<0.001). The clinical manifestations of two groups are similar, the difference between UARS and OSAHS can not be determined by the patient's clinical performance. Sleep apnea can be more easily observed in children with OSAHS than that in UARS, the final diagnosis is based on polysomnography.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 06/2009; 44(6):464-8.
  • Da-bo Liu, Jian-wen Zhong, Li-feng Zhou
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 05/2009; 44(4):337-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To analyse the clinical features of children with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), accompanying with risk factors. The clinic data of 19 patients treated in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of Guangzhou Children's Hospital between January 2005 to January 2008 were investigated retrospectively. Among them, 5 were < 2 years old, 6 with craniofacial deformity: small mandible and (or) mandibular retrusion (5 cases), transverse facial cleft (1 case), Down's syndrome (2 cases), cerebral palsy (2 cases), chronic bronchitis (3 cases) and mucopolysaccharidoses (1 case). Nineteen patients with symptoms of snoring, mouth breathing, were diagnosed as OSAHS by polysomnography (PSG) and treated by tonsillectomy and (or) adenoidectomy in hospital. All patients were closely followed-up. Fourteen patients underwent PSG 6 months to 1 year after operation, 11 patients recovered, the median [percentiles 25; percentiles 75] apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) decreased from the pre-operative 22.5 [16.5; 24.3] times/h to 2.0 [1.5; 4.3] times/h, and the lowest oxygen saturation (LSaO(2)) before operation was 0.63, and was higher than 0.92 after operation, 1 case accompanying with chronic bronchitis, the pulmonary hypertension was improved after operation. One case with Down's syndrome was not significantly improved, preoperative AHI and LSaO(2) was 22.4 times/h and 0.67, and after operation was 14.2 and 0.84; 2 cases accepted adenoidectomy only, snoring, mouth breathing reappeared 3 months after operation, pre-operative PSG results showed AHI 24.6 times/h and 26.6 times/h, LSaO(2) was 0.69 and 0.73, after operation the AHI was 10.6 times/h and 8.5 times/h, LSaO(2) was 0.90 and 0.88, the symptoms disappeared after adenotonsillectomy. Five cases did not have PSG because they lived far away in the other cities, their pre-operative PSG showed AHI 16.4 to 26.2 times/h, LSaO(2) was 0.65 to 0.76. One year after operation, these patients were followed-up by telephone, 4 children were significantly improved, 1 case with mandibular symptoms showed no improvement. For OSAHS children accompanying with risk factors, if they have adenoid and tonsil hypertrophy, adenotonsillectomy is the major treatment. Because of the existence of risk factors, perioperative risk increased, even the failure of operation. so these patients must be comprehensively assessed before operation. Satisfied results can be achieved by close observation after operation and management of complications as soon as possible.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 12/2008; 43(12):924-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the difference of arousal index between the children with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and children with primary snoring. Furthermore, to explore the correlation between the above mentioned arousals and the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and lowest oxygen saturation (LSaO(2)). Between March 2007 and February 2008, 102 children suspected of OSAHS underwent overnight polysomnogram monitoring in our medicine sleep center. OSAHS was diagnosed according to the general criterion [Draft of guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (Urumqi) which was published in Chin J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg in February, 2007]. One-hundred and two children were divided into two groups according to the guidelines. Sixty six children [56 boys, 10 girls; aged 4 - 17 years, (7.01 +/- 2.24) years (x(-) +/- s)] who were diagnosed as OSAHS were enrolled in study group and 36 children [29 boys, 7 girls; aged 4 - 13 years, (7.44 +/- 2.68) years] who were diagnosed as primary snoring made up control group. The difference of spontaneous arousal index, total arousal index and arousal index related to respiratory stimuli and limb movement were compared between the two groups. Besides this, the correlation between spontaneous arousal index, total arousal index and arousal index related to respiratory stimuli and limb movement and AHI and LSaO(2) were also analyzed. Furthermore, the study group were divided into three subgroups according to AHI (< or = 10 times/h, 10 times/h < AHI < or = 20 times/h, > 20 times/h). Spontaneous arousal index, total arousal index and arousal index related to respiratory stimuli and limb movement were compared among the three groups. The increased total arousal index and arousal index related to respiratory stimuli and the decreased spontaneous arousal index of study group were significant as compared to those of control group (Mann-Whitney U, z value, -3.148, -3.866, -2.791; P value, 0.002, 0.000, 0.005, respectively). The increased arousal index related to respiratory stimuli were significant as being compared among the three groups. Arousal index related to respiratory stimuli was correlated with AHI (coefficient correlation: 0.734, P = 0.000). Other kinds of arousals and arousal index related to respiratory stimuli were not correlated with LSaO(2) (Spearman rank correlation analysis). When compared to control group, stage I increased and stage REM decreased and the difference was significant (z were -2.423, -3.519; P were 0.015, 0.000). The arousal index related to respiratory stimuli were increased and spontaneous arousal index were decreased in children with OSAHS. Arousal index related to respiratory stimuli is more suitable to show the degree of sleep fragment than other arousal index.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 12/2008; 43(12):929-34.
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    ABSTRACT: To observe the symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity among obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) children, also to investigate the effects of surgery (tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy or adenoidectomy alone) on the changes of sleep architecture and inattention-hyperactivity score (IHS). Between June 2004 and may 2007, eighty children diagnosed as OSAHS with overnight polysomnography (PSG) were included in this study, only sixteen children had complete pre-op and post-op PSG data. Thirty children with vocal cord nodules were selected as control group. DSM-IV-derived IHS was evaluated by neurologist. All OSAHS children accepted surgery (tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy or adenoidectomy alone) and IHS evaluation. The pre-op and post-op sleep architecture and IHS were compared with that of control group. (1) The median IHS 80 OSAHS children was higher than that it in control group (0.89 vs 0.17) and the difference was significant (Z = -4. 276, P < 0.05). After surgery, it showed a significant reduction in IHS (0.44 vs 0.89, t = 6.219, P < 0.05). (2) Twenty-five OSAHS children had pre-op IHS greater than 1.25 and nine had post-op IHS greater than 1.25, while only three children in control group had IHS greater than 1.25. The difference was statistically significant (chi2 = 5.192, 9.56 respectively, P < 0.05). (3) For sixteen OSAHS children who had both pre-op and post-op PSG data, a decrease in the percentage of phase 1 sleep and an increase in the percentage of phase 2 sleep, slow wave sleep (SWS) and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep were observed in six months after surgery and the difference was significant (t = 12.2, -5.4, -6.3, - 8.1 respectively, P < 0.001). After surgery, apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) decreased from 13.9 times/h to 1.5 times/h while lowest saturation of blood oxygen (LSaO2) increased from 0.855 to 0.940 (t = 5.3, - 3.7 respectively, P < 0.01). REM sleep percentage and LSaO2 was still lower than that of control group six months after surgery. Children with OSAHS showed significantly impaired attention and hyperactivity as compared with control group. Improvement of behavior and sleep architecture were observed after adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 03/2008; 43(3):169-73.
  • Da-bo Liu, Jian-wen Zhong, Zhen-yun Huang
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 09/2007; 42(8):626-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze polysomnogram characteristics of children with suspected obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and to explore the role of obstructive apnea index (OAI), apnea hypopnea index (AHI) and arousal index for pediatric OSAHS diagnosis. Sixty one suspected pediatric OSAHS cases had overnight polysomnography for at least 8 h in a quiet, dark room. Sleep studies were interpreted according to diagnostic criteria of Guangzhou Children's Hospital (Obstructive apnea was defined as cessation of nose and mouth airflow, while the respiratory effort continues for any duration. Hypopnea was defined as reduction of oronasal flow > 50% accompanied by a desaturation of 0. 04 or greater) and Urumqi diagnostic criteria (Obstructive apnea was defined as cessation of airflow at the nose and the mouth, while the respiratory effort continues for at least two breaths. Hypopnea was defined as reduction of oronasal flow > 50% accompanied by a desaturation of more than 0.03, or/and by an arousal) respectively. The OAI, AHI and arousal index were recorded and analyzed according to the two different diagnostic criteria respectively. (1) Forty - one children (67.2%) had 206 obstructive apneas. Fifty - four children (88.5%) had 2249 obstructive hypopneas. Apnea - hypopnea events mainly occurred during rapid eye movement sleep. (2) OAI and AHI were analyzed by diagnostic criteria of Guangzhou Children's Hospital and Urumqi diagnostic criteria respectively. OAI < 1 was observed in 68. 9% and 75.4% children respectively and AHI < 5 occurred in 34.4% and 24.6% children respectively. (3) Statistically significant difference found between spontaneous arousal index and respiratory - related arousal index (z = -5.787, P = 0.000). As the criteria of pediatric OSAHS, arbitrary OAI number should be determined on the basis of large sample investigation, the significance of spontaneous arousal index still needs further investigation.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 07/2007; 42(7):511-4.
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    ABSTRACT: To review the clinical features and therapeutic experience in children with plastic bronchitis. Fourteen children with plastic bronchitis were reviewed retrospectively, 12 of which were under two years old. The clinical features are characterized by sudden onset, episodes of profound hypoxia and respiratory tract obstruction. SaO2 was between 0.70 and 0.80 even with mask oxygen inhalation. Eight cases were pyretic, 4 cases expectorated jel-like bronchial casts. The chest X-ray picture showed patchy consolidation or atelectasis unilaterally (10 cases) or bilaterally (2 cases). Pulmonary marking thickening and patchy shadow were observed in 2 cases. Twelve cases underwent rigid bronchoscopy and the bronchial casts were removed. Two cases underwent endotracheal intubation. Eight cases of 12 children received therapeutic bronchoscopy were cured. Other 4 cases had second therapeutic bronchoscopy and bronchial casts were removed again in 3 cases, one died from pulmonary hemorrhage. Two cases who underwent endotracheal intubation died from the multiple organ failure (MOF). Pathologic results showed:the bronchial casts were composed mainly of mucus and fibrin, inflammatory cell infiltrate were observed in 6 cases (Type 1, inflammatory), no cellular infiltrate occurred in 8 cases (Type 2, acellular). Plastic bronchitis is a severe and dangerous disease. The branching plastic casts may obstruct part or the entire tracheobronchial, causing respiratory failure. Bronchoscopy and pathologic examination are essential for it's diagnosis and treatment.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 10/2006; 41(9):683-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To summarize the clinical manifestation, operative method and therapeutic effect of various type of laryngeal web in infants. The clinical data of 12 cases were analyzed, 5 cases of which were congenital laryngeal web (4 cases, glottic type; 1 case, subglottic type), 7 cases of which were secondary laryngeal web (1 case, tuberculous laryngeal web; 6 cases, traumatic laryngeal web). Diagnosis was mainly depended on history and clinical manifestation. Final diagnosis was depended on fibrolaryngoscope and pathological report. Microlaryngoscopic surgery was the main operative method. However, specific infection should be cured before operation. During 3-18 months follow-up, 4 glottic laryngeal webs were cured. One subglottic laryngeal web case well recovered and secondary surgery is not needed at least recently. One tuberculous laryngeal web was followed up for 6 months, no vocal adhesion was observed. During 3-6 months follow-up, 1 traumatic laryngeal web was cred, while the other 6 cases need secondary surgery. Final diagnosis of congenital laryngeal web is mainly depended on fibrolaryngoscope. And prognosis of it is well. Laryngeal web induced by specific infection should be cured specific infection before operation. The prevention is the key for traumatic laryngeal web because the surgery outcome is not satisfactory.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 03/2006; 41(2):120-2.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the clinic and audiological characteristics of auditory neuropathy in children. Between 2002 and 2004, ninety-eight cases with the severe abnormal results of ABR and the normal results of DPOAE were enrolled in the study group. The mean patient age was 9 months, with a range of 1 month to 5 years. According to the evaluation of pediatric neurologist, the high-risk factors of psychomotor development retardation were statistically analyzed whether the cases were accompanied by psychomotor development retardation or not. The cases with abnormal results of ABR and DPOAE and without abnormal conductive function were selected as the cochlea lesion group. Some same age children without hearing loss were subjected as normal control group. The psychomotor development retardation was performed in 83.67% of cases. Hypercholesterolemia of newborn was the common high-risk factor of psychomotor development retardation (43.88% ). Severe abnormal results of ABR were occurred in 66. 07% of ears. Prolonged latency of wave I - V ABR and acoustic stapedius reflex were observed in few cases. The DPOAE amplitudes at intermediate and high frequencies were normal or slightly descending. Occuring rate of DPOAE at intermediate and high frequencies was the same as in normal control group. Hypercholesterolemia of newborn is the most common cause of auditory neuropathy. The auditory test results are various in children with auditory neuropathy. This character is different from it in adults.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou ke za zhi 12/2004; 39(11):648-53.