Kayoko Ohtsuka

Aichi Prefectural Institute of Public Health, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

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Publications (10)20.33 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Foodborne infections with enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) related to food in each step of the cooking of a Japanese barbecue have been reported in Japan. We examined the survival of EHEC during various types of cooking on a Japanese barbecue. The number of EHEC in barbecue sauce remained stable during short-term storage at low temperature. In a series of experiments on survival of EHEC on beef during cooking on an electric griddle or a gas cooktop, the population was reduced by at least 1/1,100. Although these results suggested that EHEC are effectively killed by adequate cooking, the degree of reduction of EHEC varied among types of meat and was affected by uneven cooking. Furthermore, when the same cooking equipment was used to handle meats before and after cooking, 1/500 to 1/300,000 of EHEC population of contaminated uncooked meat cross-contaminated the cooked meat. Adequate cooking of beef, including internal organs, and use of separate cooking equipment for uncooked and cooked beef are important to avoid EHEC infection caused by Japanese barbecues.
    Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan (Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi) 07/2014; 55(2):79-87. DOI:10.3358/shokueishi.55.79 · 0.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vibrio parahaemolyticus has been one of the most important foodborne pathogens in Japan since the 1960s, and a large epidemic was caused by the pandemic serotype O3:K6 from 1997 to 2001. V. parahaemolyticus infections, however, have sharply declined since that time. Data on serotypes isolated from 977 outbreaks were collected and analysed. Total and pathogenic, thermostable direct hemolysin (TDH) gene-positive V. parahaemolyticus were qualitatively and quantitatively detected in 842 seafood samples from wholesale markets in 2007-2009. Strains isolated from patients and seafood were analysed by serotyping, tdh-PCR, group-specific PCR for pandemic strains, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). The sharp decrease in the infections from 1999 onwards was noted not only for O3:K6 infections but also for other serotypes. The change in the seafood contamination situation from 2001 to 2007-2009 was characterised by a decrease to three-fourths in the frequency of tdh-positive samples, although that decrease was small compared to the 18-fold decrease in the cases of V. parahaemolyticus outbreaks. PFGE detected the pandemic O3:K6 serotype in the same profile in seafood and patients from 1998 to the present. Because of no large decrease in seafood contamination by V. parahaemolyticus from the production to distribution stages and the presence of pandemic O3:K6 serotype in seafood to the present, it was suggested that the change of seafood contamination was unrelated to the sharp decrease in V. parahaemolyticus infections. V. parahaemolyticus infections might be prevented at the stages after the distribution stage.
    International journal of food microbiology 05/2012; 157(1):95-101. DOI:10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2012.04.019 · 3.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To establish a detection method for enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O111 in meat, a single-laboratory evaluation and a collaborative study were conducted focusing on comparisons of the efficiencies in combination with enrichment, a direct plating method and a plating method with immunomagnetic separation (IMS-plating method) using various agar media for EHEC O111, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay targeting the Verocytotoxin (VT) gene as a molecular detection method. On a single-laboratory evaluation, enrichment in modified EC at 36 degrees C was inferior to that in modified EC supplemented with novobiocin (NmEC) and mEC at 42 degrees C to isolate EHEC O111 by plating methods. On a collaborative study, there were no significant differences between combinations of enrichment in NmEC at 42 degrees C-LAMP assay and enrichment in mEC at 42 degrees C-LAMP assay. The combinations of enrichment in NmEC at 42 degrees C-direct plating and enrichment in NmEC at 42 degrees C-IMS-plating were superior to combinations of enrichment in mEC at 42 degrees C-direct plating and enrichment in mEC at 42 degrees C-IMS-plating (p<0.05). There were no significant differences among the six different agar media by the direct plating and IMS-plating methods. As a result, it was suggested that the following methods are adequate for detection of EHEC O111 in beef: combinations of enrichment in NmEC at 42 degrees C, and direct plating and IMS-plating methods, or LAMP assay as a screening assay to detect VT gene followed by direct plating and IMS-plating methods.
    Kokuritsu Iyakuhin Shokuhin Eisei Kenkyūjo hōkoku = Bulletin of National Institute of Health Sciences 01/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: Beef organ meat, such as liver, and beef are major food sources contaminated with Escherichia coli O157. This study investigated the detection method of E. coli O157 in beef liver and carcass. In an experiment with beef liver inoculated with E. coli O157, the direct plating method, plating after the immunomagnetic separation (IMS) method, and Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing E. coli detection and E. coli O157 detection loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays were compared for the detection of Stx-producing E. coli O157. Fifty percent and 45% of samples were positive by Stx-producing E. coli detection LAMP assay and E. coli O157 detection LAMP assay, respectively. Thirty-five percent and 10% of samples were positive by the IMS method and direct plating method, respectively. In an examination of beef swab samples, contamination frequencies with E. coli O157 were analyzed by LAMP assays and the IMS method. E. coli O157 was detected in 12 of 230 samples (5.2%). There was no sample positive for E. coli O157 isolation but negative for LAMP assays for Stx gene and O157 antigen gene. Four samples (1.7%) were positive by both LAMP assays but negative by the IMS method. The result that there was no sample positive for the O157 antigen gene, but not the Stx gene, indicated that the IMS method failed to detect E. coli O157. Twenty-nine samples (12.6%) were positive for the Stx gene but not the O157 antigen gene. The results indicated that screening of Stx gene and O157 antigen gene by LAMP assays is effective in saving time and effort to isolate E. coli O157 by the IMS method because the LAMP assay is more sensitive. This suggested that samples positive for Stx gene and O157 antigen gene should be examined by the IMS method to isolate E. coli O157.
    Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 12/2010; 7(12):1563-7. DOI:10.1089/fpd.2010.0585 · 1.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A total of 353 samples of 29 types of seafood were tested for Salmonella prevalence and total microbial population. Salmonella enterica serotype Weltevreden was isolated from 2 of 47 black tiger prawn samples. The contamination levels of Salmonella were in a range of <30 to 40 most probable number per 100 g. In addition, one sample of black tiger prawns and two samples of white shrimp were positive for Salmonella invA gene on PCR assay. Although the mean aerobic bacterial count was greater than 4 log CFU/g in most of the sample types, those in the two Salmonella-isolated samples of black tiger prawn were 7.48 and 5.18 log CFU/g, respectively. These results indicate the possibility that shrimp and prawns contribute to foodborne infections. The improvement of seafood quality is an important issue, and the information on contamination by pathogens should be provided as feedback to the originating country, with the aim of increasing safety.
    Journal of food protection 08/2008; 71(7):1460-4. · 1.85 Impact Factor
  • Japanese journal of infectious diseases 07/2008; 61(4):328. · 1.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In order to establish a rapid and sensitive method for the detection of Verotoxigenic Escherichia coli O157 and O26, a collaborative study was conducted focusing on a comparison of the efficiency of loop-mediated amplification (LAMP) assay targeting the Verocytotoxin (also called Shiga toxin) gene, utilizing a direct plating method and a plating method with immunomagnetic separation (IMS-plating method) using various agar media. In combination with enrichment with the modified EC supplemented with novobiocin, E. coli O157 was detected in most samples of ground beef and alfalfa sprouts by LAMP assay, the direct plating method and the IMS-plating method. E. coli O26 was detected in approximately 100% of the food samples by LAMP assay. However, the IMS-plating and direct plating methods recovered 80 and 50% in ground beef samples, respectively. As a result, it was demonstrated the LAMP assay is superior to the IMS-plating method. Based on these results, it appears LAMP assay is effective as a screening assay to detect E. coli O157 and O26 from positive samples.
    International Journal of Food Microbiology 03/2008; 122(1-2):156-61. DOI:10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2007.11.078 · 3.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was developed to detect Vero toxin (VT)-producing Escherichia coli rapidly (within 60 min). The 24 strains of VT-producing E. coli were successfully amplified, but 6 strains of non-VT-producing E. coli and 46 bacterial species other than E. coli were not. The sensitivity of the LAMP assay was found to be >0.7 c.f.u. per test using serogroups O157, O26 and O111 of VT-producing E. coli; this sensitivity is greater than that obtained by PCR assay. Furthermore, the LAMP assay was examined for its ability to detect VT-producing E. coli in food because of the difficulty of detection in food samples. The recovery of VT-producing E. coli by LAMP assay from beef and radish sprouts inoculated with the pathogen was high, similar to that obtained using culture methods with direct plating and/or plating after immunomagnetic separation. Although PCR assay was unable to recover VT-producing E. coli from half of the radish samples, LAMP assay was successful in most samples. In addition, VT-producing E. coli was successfully detected in cultures of the beef samples by LAMP assay, but not by the culture method. The LAMP products in naturally contaminated beef samples were analysed to confirm the specific amplification of the VT-encoding gene, and were found to show a specific ladder band pattern on agarose gel after electrophoresis. Additionally the sequences of the LAMP products coincided well with the expected sequences of the VT-encoding gene. These results indicate that the proposed LAMP assay is a rapid, specific and sensitive method of detecting the VT-producing E. coli.
    Journal of Medical Microbiology 03/2007; 56(Pt 3):398-406. DOI:10.1099/jmm.0.46819-0 · 2.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was effective in detecting Salmonella enterica in naturally contaminated liquid egg samples. Salmonella was detected in 110 samples taken from four egg-breaking plants. The egg samples were pre-enriched in buffered peptone water (BPW) at 37 degrees C for 20 h. The selective enrichment was done in Rappaport-Vassiliadis or tetrathionate broth and plated onto xylose lysine deoxycholate agar and brilliant green agar, modified. In addition, the PCR assay was used to detect Salmonella after pre-enrichment in BPW at 37 degrees C for 20 h. The culture method and PCR assay were compared to the LAMP assay, which was also performed after pre-enrichment in BPW. PCR failed to detect Salmonella in 10% of 110 samples, whereas the culture method and LAMP assay successfully identified Salmonella in all samples. However, the LAMP assay was found to be much more rapid than the culture method and as sensitive in detecting Salmonella from liquid eggs. In all of the egg-breaking plants studied, Salmonella was isolated on most tested days. The positive samples showed that more than 75% of the Salmonella strains had identical genetic patterns when analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. This suggests that the same Salmonella strains having survived long periods of time in the plants were contaminating the production line. The LAMP assay is rapid, specific, and sensitive for Salmonella detection in liquid eggs and is able to monitor Salmonella contamination in egg-handling plants more reliably.
    Applied and Environmental Microbiology 12/2005; 71(11):6730-5. DOI:10.1128/AEM.71.11.6730-6735.2005 · 3.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Detection methods using various enrichment and plating media and immunoconcentration for Salmonella enteritidis in shell and liquid eggs were evaluated. For liquid egg samples naturally contaminated with S. enteritidis, pre-enrichment in 225 ml of buffered peptone water with cysteine followed by selective enrichment in 10 ml of tetrathionate broth was the superior, resulting in the detection of S. enteritidis in all samples on six of the seven types of selective agar substrate investigated. This enrichment procedure also enabled detection of S. enteritidis in most of artificially inoculated shell egg and pasteurized liquid egg samples.
    International Journal of Food Microbiology 04/2001; 64(3):395-9. DOI:10.1016/S0168-1605(00)00475-X · 3.08 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

201 Citations
20.33 Total Impact Points


  • 2014
    • Aichi Prefectural Institute of Public Health
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
  • 2007–2012
    • Saitama Institute of Technology
      Saitama, Saitama, Japan
  • 2005
    • National Institute of Health Sciences, Japan
      • Division of Microbiology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan