Vladimir B Arion

University of Vienna, Wien, Vienna, Austria

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Publications (186)638.71 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: 3-Aminomethylation of salicylalkylamides afforded hybrids with a Mannich base. In addition, it triggered the rotation of the amide bond. The observed conformational switch is driven by strong intramolecular hydrogen bonding between the Mannich base and phenolic group. Crystal structure analysis reveals the stabilization of the hybrid molecules by double hydrogen bonding of the phenolic OH, which acts as an acceptor and donor simultaneously. The molecules contain an amide site and a Mannich base site in an orthogonal spatial arrangement. The intramolecular hydrogen bonds are persistent in a nonpolar solvent (e.g., chloroform). The conformational change can be reversed upon protection or protonation of the Mannich base nitrogen.
    01/2015; 20:1686-1711.
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    ABSTRACT: The nickel(II), copper(II), and zinc(II) complexes of the proline-thiosemicarbazone hybrids 3-methyl-(S)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylate-2-formylpyridine thiosemicarbazone (l-Pro-FTSC or (S)-H2L(1)) and 3-methyl-(R)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylate-2-formylpyridine thiosemicarbazone (d-Pro-FTSC or (R)-H2L(1)), as well as 3-methyl-(S)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylate-2-formylpyridine 4,4-dimethyl-thiosemicarbazone (dm-l-Pro-FTSC or (S)-H2L(2)), namely, [Ni(l-Pro-FTSC-2H)]2 (1), [Ni(d-Pro-FTSC-2H)]2 (2), [Ni(dm-l-Pro-FTSC-2H)]2 (3), [Cu(dm-l-Pro-FTSC-2H)] (6), [Zn(l-Pro-FTSC-2H)] (7), and [Zn(d-Pro-FTSC-2H)] (8), in addition to two previously reported, [Cu(l-Pro-FTSC-2H)] (4), [Cu(d-Pro-FTSC-2H)] (5), were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, one- and two-dimensional (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, circular dichroism, UV-vis, and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Compounds 1-3, 6, and 7 were also studied by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Magnetic properties and solid-state high-field electron paramagnetic resonance spectra of 2 over the range of 50-420 GHz were investigated. The complex formation processes of l-Pro-FTSC with nickel(II) and zinc(II) were studied in aqueous solution due to the excellent water solubility of the complexes via pH potentiometry, UV-vis, and (1)H NMR spectroscopy. The results of the antiproliferative activity in vitro showed that dimethylation improves the cytotoxicity and hR2 RNR inhibition. Therefore, introduction of more lipophilic groups into thiosemicarbazone-proline backbone becomes an option for the synthesis of more efficient cytotoxic agents of this family of compounds.
    Inorganic Chemistry 11/2014; · 4.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A one-electron reduction of osmium(IV) complexes trans-[Os(IV)Cl4(Hazole)2], where Hazole = 1H-pyrazole ([1](0)), 2H-indazole ([2](0)), 1H-imidazole ([3](0)), and 1H-benzimidazole ([4](0)), afforded a series of eight new complexes as osmium analogues of KP1019, a lead anticancer drug in clinical trials, with the general formula (cation)[trans-Os(III)Cl4(Hazole)2], where cation = H2pz(+) (H2pz[1]), H2ind(+) (H2ind[2]), H2im(+) (H2im[3]), Ph4P(+) (Ph4P[3]), nBu4N(+) (nBu4N[3]), H2bzim(+) (H2bzim[4]), Ph4P(+) (Ph4P[4]), and nBu4N(+) (nBu4N[4]). All complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, (1)H NMR spectroscopy, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, UV-vis spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, while H2pz[1], H2ind[2], and nBu4[3], in addition, by X-ray diffraction. The reduced species [1](-) and [4](-) are stable in aqueous media in the absence of air oxygen and do not react with small biomolecules such as amino acids and the nucleotide 5'-dGMP. Cell culture experiments in five different human cancer cell lines (HeLa, A549, FemX, MDA-MB-453, and LS-174) and one noncancerous cell line (MRC-5) were performed, and the results were discussed and compared to those for KP1019 and cisplatin. Benzannulation in complexes with similar structure enhances antitumor activity by several orders of magnitude, implicating different mechanisms of action of the tested compounds. In particular, complexes H2ind[2] and H2bzim[4] exhibited significant antiproliferative activity in vitro when compared to H2pz[1] and H2im[3].
    Inorganic Chemistry 10/2014; · 4.79 Impact Factor
  • Polyhedron 09/2014; 80:180-192. · 2.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two new tetranuclear copper(II) complexes [Cu4(μ4-O)(L1)Cl4] (1) and [Cu4(μ4-O)(L2)2Cl4] (2), where H2L1 is a macrocyclic ligand resulting from [2+2] condensation of 2,6-diformyl-4-methylphenol (DFF) and 1,3-bis(aminopropyl)tetramethyldisiloxane, and HL2 is a 1:2 condensation product of DFF with trimethylsilyl p-aminobenzoate, have been prepared. The structures of the products were established by X-ray diffraction. The complexes have been characterised by FTIR, UV/Vis spectroscopy, ESI mass-spectrometry and magnetic susceptibility measurements. The latter revealed that the tetranuclear complexes can be described as two ferromagnetically coupled dinuclear units, in which the two copper(II) ions interact antiferromagnetically. The compounds act as homogeneous catalyst precursors for a number of single-pot reactions, including (i) hydrocarboxylation, with CO, H2O and K2S2O8, of a variety of linear and cyclic(n = 5–8) alkanes into the corresponding Cn+1 carboxylic acids, (ii) peroxidative oxidation of cyclohexane, and (iii) solvent-free microwave-assisted oxidation of 1-phenylethanol.
    Berichte der deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft 08/2014; · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, the indoloquinoline backbone and piperazine were combined to prepare indoloquinoline-piperazine hybrids and their ruthenium- and osmium-arene complexes in an effort to generate novel antitumor agents with improved aqueous solubility. In addition, the position of the metal-binding unit was varied, and the effect of these structural alterations on the aqueous solubility and antiproliferative activity of their ruthenium- and osmium-arene complexes was studied. The indoloquinoline-piperazine hybrids L(1-3) were prepared in situ and isolated as six ruthenium and osmium complexes [(η(6)-p-cymene)M(L(1-3))Cl]Cl, where L(1) = 6-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-N-(pyridin-2-yl-methylene)-11H-indolo[3,2-c]quinolin-2-N-amine, M = Ru ([1a]Cl), Os ([1b]Cl), L(2) = 6-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-N-(pyridin-2-yl-methylene)-11H-indolo[3,2-c]quinolin-4-N-amine, M = Ru ([2a]Cl), Os ([2b]Cl), L(3) = 6-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-N-(pyridin-2-yl-methylene)-11H-indolo[3,2-c]quinolin-8-N-amine, M = Ru ([3a]Cl), Os ([3b]Cl). The compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, one- and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy, ESI mass spectrometry, IR and UV-vis spectroscopy, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The antiproliferative activity of the isomeric ruthenium and osmium complexes [1a,b]Cl-[3a,b]Cl was examined in vitro and showed the importance of the position of the metal-binding site for their cytotoxicity. Those complexes containing the metal-binding site located at the position 4 of the indoloquinoline scaffold ([2a]Cl and [2b]Cl) demonstrated the most potent antiproliferative activity. The results provide important insight into the structure-activity relationships of ruthenium- and osmium-arene complexes with indoloquinoline-piperazine hybrid ligands. These studies can be further utilized for the design and development of more potent chemotherapeutic agents.
    Inorganic Chemistry 06/2014; · 4.79 Impact Factor
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    Chemical Physics 06/2014; · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bismuth-Gallium co-doped silica glass fiber preform was prepared from nano-porous silica xerogels using a conventional solution doping technique with a heterotrinuclear complex and subsequent sintering. Ga-connected optical Bismuth active center (BAC) was identified as the analogue of Al-connected BAC. Visible and infrared photoluminescence (PL) were investigated in a wide temperature range of 1.46 - 300 K. Based on the results of the continuous wave (CW) and time resolved (TR) spectroscopy we identify the centers emitting in the spectral region of 480 - 820 nm as Bi<sup>+</sup> ions. The near infrared (NIR) PL around 1100 nm consists of two bands. While the first one can be ascribed to the transition in Bi<sup>+</sup> ion, the second band is presumably associated to defects. We put in evidence the energy transfer (ET) between Bi<sup>+</sup> ions and the second NIR emitting center via quadrupole-quadrupole and dipole-quadrupole mechanisms of interactions. Finally, we propose the energy level diagram of Bi<sup>+</sup> ion interacting with this defect.
    Optics Express 03/2014; 22(5):5659-74. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The reactions of [Ru(NO)Cl5](2-) with glycine (Gly), l-alanine (l-Ala), l-valine (l-Val), l-proline (l-Pro), d-proline (d-Pro), l-serine (l-Ser), l-threonine (l-Thr), and l-tyrosine (l-Tyr) in n-butanol or n-propanol afforded eight new complexes (1-8) of the general formula [RuCl3(AA-H)(NO)](-), where AA = Gly, l-Ala, l-Val, l-Pro, d-Pro, l-Ser, l-Thr, and l-Tyr, respectively. The compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), (1)H NMR, UV-visible and ATR IR spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and X-ray crystallography. X-ray crystallography studies have revealed that in all cases the same isomer type (from three theoretically possible) was isolated, namely mer(Cl),trans(NO,O)-[RuCl3(AA-H)(NO)], as was also recently reported for osmium analogues with Gly, l-Pro, and d-Pro (see Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 2013, 639, 1590-1597). Compounds 1, 4, 5, and 8 were investigated by ESI-MS with regard to their stability in aqueous solution and reactivity toward sodium ascorbate. In addition, cell culture experiments in three human cancer cell lines, namely, A549 (nonsmall cell lung carcinoma), CH1 (ovarian carcinoma), and SW480 (colon carcinoma), were performed, and the results are discussed in conjunction with the lipophilicity of compounds.
    Inorganic Chemistry 02/2014; · 4.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A series of seven new ruthenium(II)–arene complexes of general formula [Ru(η6-p-cymene)(L1−7)Cl], where L1−7 are fluoro, chloro, bromo or methyl derivatives of picolinic acid or isoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy and ESI mass spectrometry. X-ray diffraction studies of two compounds showed the usual piano-stool geometry, with coordination of picolinato ligands through the pyridine nitrogen and the carboxylic group oxygen atom (N/COO− donor set). Cytotoxicity of complexes in vitro has been evaluated in three human tumor cell lines: cervix carcinoma (HeLa), melanoma (FemX), lung adenocarcinoma (A549) and one normal cell line (MRC-5). Complex with isoqinoline-3-carboxylic acid as ligand, exhibited significantly lower cytotoxic activity in normal cells (MRC-5) against high activity observed in panel of tumor cells and prominent cell type selectivity among tumor cells.
    Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 01/2014; 749:343-349. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two p-cymene ruthenium chlorido complexes containing isobutyl (C1) and isoamyl (C2) esters of (S,S)-ethylenediamine-N,N′-di-2-(3-cyclohexyl)propanoic acid as ligands were prepared from p-cymene ruthenium dichloride dimer and corresponding ester. All compounds have been characterized by elemental analysis, IR, ESI-MS, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. Single crystal X-ray structure diffraction analysis of C1 shows the usual piano-stool geometry of complexes, with coordination of ester ligand via nitrogen donor atoms. Ligands exhibit moderate anticancer activity (IC50 > 50 μM), while the complexes were significantly more cytotoxic towards various cancer cell lines, including B16, A375, HCT116, A549 and MCF7 cells (IC50 min.–max. 2.9–8.0 μM). We stress that cisplatin resistant HCT116 cell line was highly sensitive to the treatment with C1 and C2 (IC50 values: 4.4 and 5.5 μM versus IC50 > 120 μM for cisplatin). In parallel, primary fibroblasts-MRC-5 were remarkably less affected by these compounds.
    Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 01/2014; 749:142–149. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new paullone-TEMPO conjugate and its copper(ii) complex inhibit RNR activity and show high antiproliferative activity in human cancer cell lines.
    Chemical Communications 09/2013; · 6.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dicopper(II) and dizinc(II) complexes [Cu2((MeOOC)L(COO))(CH3COO)2] (1) and [Zn2((MeOOC)L(COO))(CH3COO)2] (2) were synthesized by reaction of Cu(CH3COO)2·H2O and Zn(CH3COO)2·2H2O with a new nonsymmetric dinucleating ligand (EtOOC)HL(COOEt) prepared by condensation of 6-hydrazinyl-11H-indolo[3,2-c]quinoline with diethyl-2,2'-((3-formyl-2-hydroxy-5-methylbenzyl)azanediyl)diacetate. The design and synthesis of this elaborate ligand was performed with the aim of increasing the aqueous solubility of indolo[3,2-c]quinolines, known as biologically active compounds, and investigating the antiproliferative activity in human cancer cell lines and the cellular distribution by exploring the intrinsic fluorescence of the indoloquinoline scaffold. The compounds have been comprehensively characterized by elemental analysis, spectroscopic methods (IR, UV-vis, (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy), ESI mass spectrometry, magnetic susceptibility measurements, and UV-vis complex formation studies (for 1) as well as by X-ray crystallography (1 and 2). The antiproliferative activity of (EtOOC)HL(COOEt), 1, and 2 was determined by the MTT assay in three human cancer cell lines, namely, A549 (nonsmall cell lung carcinoma), CH1 (ovarian carcinoma), and SW480 (colon adenocarcinoma), yielding IC50 values in the micromolar concentration range and showing dependence on the cell line. The effect of metal coordination on cytotoxicity of (EtOOC)HL(COOEt) is also discussed. The subcellular distribution of (EtOOC)HL(COOEt) and 2 was investigated by fluorescence microscopy, revealing similar localization for both compounds in cytoplasmic structures.
    Inorganic Chemistry 08/2013; · 4.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two multinuclear complexes [Fe6(μ3-O)2(μ4-O2)L10(OAc)2(H2O)2]·2.625Et2O·2.375H2O () and [Fe(III)11Cl(μ4-O)3(μ3-O)5L16(dmf)2.5(H2O)0.5]·Et2O·1.25dmf·3.8H2O (), where HL = 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoic acid and dmf = dimethylformamide, have been prepared from trinuclear iron(iii) carboxylates via their structural rearrangement in dimethylformamide or diethyl ether-dimethylformamide 9 : 1, respectively, and slow vapor diffusion of diethyl ether into the reaction mixture. Both compounds have been characterized by X-ray diffraction, optical, Mössbauer spectroscopy, and magnetic measurements. Complex possesses a hexanuclear ferric peroxido-dioxido {Fe6(O2)(O)2}(12+) core unit, which adopts a recliner conformation, while complex contains an unprecedented {Fe11O8Cl}(16+) core, in which 9 ferric ions are six-coordinate and the remaining two are five-coordinate. Another structural feature of note of the undecanuclear core is the presence of a deformed cubane entity {Fe4(μ3-O)(μ4-O)3}(4+). Both complexes act as catalyst precursors for the oxidation of cyclohexane to cyclohexanol and cyclohexanone with aqueous H2O2, in the presence of pyrazinecarboxylic acid. Remarkable TONs and TOFs (the latter mainly for ) with concomitant quite good yields have been achieved under mild conditions. Moreover, exhibits remarkably high activity in an exceptionally short reaction time (45 min), being unprecedented for any metal catalyzed alkane oxidation by H2O2. The catalytic reactions proceed via Fenton type chemistry.
    Dalton Transactions 07/2013; 42:14388-14401. · 4.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two proline-thiosemicarbazone bioconjugates with excellent aqueous solubility, namely, 3-methyl-(S)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylate-2-formylpyridine thiosemicarbazone [l-Pro-FTSC or (S)-H2L] and 3-methyl-(R)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylate-2-formylpyridine thiosemicarbazone [d-Pro-FTSC or (R)-H2L], have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, one- and two-dimensional (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The complexation behavior of l-Pro-FTSC with copper(II) in an aqueous solution and in a 30% (w/w) dimethyl sulfoxide/water mixture has been studied via pH potentiometry, UV-vis spectrophotometry, electron paramagnetic resonance, (1)H NMR spectroscopy, and spectrofluorimetry. By the reaction of copper(II) acetate with (S)-H2L and (R)-H2L in water, the complexes [Cu(S,R)-L] and [Cu(R,S)-L] have been synthesized and comprehensively characterized. An X-ray diffraction study of [Cu(S,R)-L] showed the formation of a square-pyramidal complex, with the bioconjugate acting as a pentadentate ligand. Both copper(II) complexes displayed antiproliferative activity in CH1 ovarian carcinoma cells and inhibited Topoisomerase IIα activity in a DNA plasmid relaxation assay.
    Inorganic Chemistry 07/2013; · 4.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The reactions of [Os(NO)Cl5]2– with glycine (GlyH), picolinic acid (PicoH), L-proline (L-ProH) and D-proline (D-ProH) afforded four novel complexes of the general formula [Os(NO)Cl3(AA)]–, where AA = Gly, Pico, L-Pro and D-Pro, respectively. X-ray diffraction studies have revealed that in all cases the same isomer type from three theoretically possible, has been isolated, namely mer(Cl), trans(NO, O)-[Os(NO)Cl3(AA)]–. Spectroscopic and electrochemical properties, behavior in aqueous solution and antiproliferative activity in three human cancer cell lines are also reported.
    Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie 07/2013; 639(8-9):1590-1597. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Reactions of 5-tert-butyl-2-hydroxy-3-methylsulfanylbenzaldehyde S-methylisothiosemicarbazone and 5-tert-butyl-2-hydroxy-3-phenylsulfanylbenzaldehyde S-methylisothiosemicarbazone with pentane-2,4-dione (Hacac) and triethyl orthoformate in the presence of M(acac)2 as template source at 107 °C afforded metal complexes of the type M(II)L(1) and M(II)L(2), where M = Ni and Cu, with a new Schiff base ligand with thiomethyl (H2L(1)) and/or thiophenyl (H2L(2)) group in the ortho position of the phenolic moiety. Demetalation of NiL(1) in CHCl3 with HCl(g) afforded H2L(1). The latter reacts with Zn(OAc)2·2H2O with formation of ZnL(1). The effect of -SR groups and metal ion identity on stabilization of phenoxyl radicals generated electrochemically was studied in detail. A marked stabilization of phenoxyl radical was observed in one-electron-oxidized complexes [ML(2)](+) (M = Ni, Cu) at room temperature, as demonstrated by cyclic voltammetry, EPR spectroscopy, and UV-vis-NIR measurements. In solution, the oxidized CuL(2) and NiL(2) display intense low-energy NIR transitions consistent with their classification as metal-delocalized phenoxyl radical species. While the CuL(2) complex shows reversible reduction, reduction of NiL(2), CuL(1), and NiL(1) is irreversible. EPR measurements in conjunction with density functional theory calculations provided insights into the extent of electron delocalization as well as spin density in different redox states. The experimental room temperature spectroelectrochemical data can be reliably interpreted with the (3)[CuL(2)](+) and (2)[NiL(2)](+) oxidation ground states. The catalytic activity of synthesized complexes in the selective oxidations of alcohols has been studied as well. The remarkable efficiency is evident from the high yields of carbonyl products when employing both the CuL(2)/air/TEMPO and the CuL(2)/TBHP/MW(microwave-assisted) oxidation systems.
    Inorganic Chemistry 06/2013; · 4.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Organometallic Ru(arene)-peptide bioconjugates with potent in vitro anticancer activity are rare. We have prepared a conjugate of a Ru(arene) complex with the neuropeptide [Leu(5) ]-enkephalin. [Chlorido(η(6) -p-cymene)(5-oxo-κO-2-{(4-[(N-tyrosinyl-glycinyl-glycinyl-phenylalanyl-leucinyl-NH2 )propanamido]-1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)methyl}-4H-pyronato-κO)ruthenium(II)] (8) shows antiproliferative activity in human ovarian carcinoma cells with an IC50 value as low as 13 μM, whereas the peptide or the Ru moiety alone are hardly cytotoxic. The conjugation strategy for linking the Ru(cym) (cym=η(6) -p-cymene) moiety to the peptide involved N-terminal modification of an alkyne-[Leu(5) ]-enkephalin with a 2-(azidomethyl)-5-hydroxy-4H-pyran-4-one linker, using Cu(I) -catalyzed alkyne-azide cycloaddition (CuAAC), and subsequent metallation with the Ru(cym) moiety. The ruthenium-bioconjugate was characterized by high resolution top-down electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) with regard to peptide sequence, linker modification and metallation site. Notably, complete sequence coverage was obtained and the Ru(cym) moiety was confirmed to be coordinated to the pyronato linker. The ruthenium-bioconjugate was analyzed with respect to cytotoxicity-determining constituents, and through the bioconjugate models [{2-(azidomethyl)-5-oxo-κO-4H-pyronato-κO}chloride (η(6) -p-cymene)ruthenium(II)] (5) and [chlorido(η(6) -p-cymene){5-oxo-κO-2-([(4-(phenoxymethyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl]methyl)-4H-pyronato-κO}ruthenium(II)] (6) the Ru(cym) fragment with a triazole-carrying pyronato ligand was identified as the minimal unit required to achieve in vitro anticancer activity.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 05/2013; · 5.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Synthesis and X-ray diffraction structures of cis and trans isomers of ruthenium and osmium metal complexes of general formulas (nBu4N)[cis-MCl4(NO)(Hind)], where M = Ru (1) and Os (3), and (nBu4N)[trans-MCl4(NO)(Hind)], where M = Ru (2) and Os (4) and Hind = 1H-indazole are reported. Interconversion between cis and trans isomers at high temperatures (80–130 °C) has been observed and studied by NMR spectroscopy. Kinetic data indicate that isomerizations correspond to reversible first order reactions. The rates of isomerization reactions even at 110 °C are very low with rate constants of 10–5 s–1 and 10–6 s–1 for ruthenium and osmium complexes, respectively, and the estimated rate constants of isomerization at room temperature are of ca. 10–10 s–1. The activation parameters, which have been obtained from fitting the reaction rates at different temperatures to the Eyring equation for ruthenium [ΔHcis-trans‡= 122.8 ± 1.3; ΔHtrans-cis‡= 138.8 ± 1.0 kJ/mol; ΔScis-trans‡= −18.7 ± 3.6; ΔStrans-cis‡= 31.8 ± 2.7 J/(mol·K)] and osmium [ΔHcis-trans‡= 200.7 ± 0.7; ΔHtrans-cis‡= 168.2 ± 0.6 kJ/mol; ΔScis-trans‡= 142.7 ± 8.9; ΔStrans-cis‡= 85.9 ± 3.9 J/(mol·K)] reflect the inertness of these systems. The entropy of activation for the osmium complexes is highly positive and suggests the dissociative mechanism of isomerization. In the case of ruthenium, the activation entropy for the cis to trans isomerization is negative [−18.6 J/(mol·K)], while being positive [31.0 J/(mol·K)] for the trans to cis conversion. The thermodynamic parameters for cis to trans isomerization of [RuCl4(NO)(Hind)]−, viz. ΔH° = 13.5 ± 1.5 kJ/mol and ΔS° = −5.2 ± 3.4 J/(mol·K) indicate the low difference between the energies of cis and trans isomers. The theoretical calculation has been carried out on isomerization of ruthenium complexes with DFT methods. The dissociative, associative, and intramolecular twist isomerization mechanisms have been considered. The value for the activation energy found for the dissociative mechanism is in good agreement with experimental activation enthalpy. Electrochemical investigation provides further evidence for higher reactivity of ruthenium complexes compared to that of osmium counterparts and shows that intramolecular electron transfer reactions do not affect the isomerization process. A dissociative mechanism of cis↔trans isomerization has been proposed for both ruthenium and osmium complexes.
    Inorganic Chemistry 05/2013; · 4.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ruthenium nitrosyl complexes of the general formulas (cation)(+)[cis-RuCl4(NO)(Hazole)](-), where (cation)(+) = (H2ind)(+), Hazole = 1H-indazole (Hind) (1c), (cation)(+) = (H2pz)(+), Hazole = 1H-pyrazole (Hpz) (2c), (cation)(+) = (H2bzim)(+), Hazole = 1H-benzimidazole (Hbzim) (3c), (cation)(+) = (H2im)(+), Hazole = 1H-imidazole (Him) (4c) and (cation)(+)[trans-RuCl4(NO)(Hazole)](-), where (cation)(+) = (H2ind)(+), Hazole = 1H-indazole (1t), (cation)(+) = (H2pz)(+), Hazole = 1H-pyrazole (2t), as well as osmium analogues of the general formulas (cation)(+)[cis-OsCl4(NO)(Hazole)](-), where (cation)(+) = (n-Bu4N)(+), Hazole =1H-indazole (5c), 1H-pyrazole (6c), 1H-benzimidazole (7c), 1H-imidazole (8c), (cation)(+) = Na(+); Hazole =1H-indazole (9c), 1H-benzimidazole (10c), (cation)(+) = (H2ind)(+), Hazole = 1H-indazole (11c), (cation)(+) = H2pz(+), Hazole = 1H-pyrazole (12c), (cation)(+) = (H2im)(+), Hazole = 1H-imidazole (13c), and (cation)(+)[trans-OsCl4(NO)(Hazole)](-), where (cation)(+) = n-Bu4N(+), Hazole = 1H-indazole (5t), 1H-pyrazole (6t), (cation)(+) = Na(+), Hazole = 1H-indazole (9t), (cation)(+) = (H2ind)(+), Hazole = 1H-indazole (11t), (cation)(+) = (H2pz)(+), Hazole = 1H-pyrazole (12t), have been synthesized. The compounds have been comprehensively characterized by elemental analysis, ESI mass spectrometry, spectroscopic techniques (IR, UV-vis, 1D and 2D NMR) and X-ray crystallography (1c·CHCl3, 1t·CHCl3, 2t, 3c, 6c, 6t, 8c). The antiproliferative activity of water-soluble compounds (1c, 1t, 3c, 4c and 9c, 9t, 10c, 11c, 11t, 12c, 12t, 13c) in the human cancer cell lines A549 (nonsmall cell lung carcinoma), CH1 (ovarian carcinoma), and SW480 (colon adenocarcinoma) has been assayed. The effects of metal (Ru vs Os), cis/trans isomerism, and azole heterocycle identity on cytotoxic potency and cell line selectivity have been elucidated. Ruthenium complexes (1c, 1t, 3c, and 4c) yielded IC50 values in the low micromolar concentration range. In contrast to most pairs of analogous ruthenium and osmium complexes known, they turned out to be considerably more cytotoxic than chemically related osmium complexes (9c, 9t, 10c, 11c, 11t, 12c, 12t, 13c). The IC50 values of Os/Ru homologs differ by factors (Os/Ru) of up to ∼110 and ∼410 in CH1 and SW480 cells, respectively. ESI-MS studies revealed that ascorbic acid may activate the ruthenium complexes leading to hydrolysis of one M-Cl bond, whereas the osmium analogues tend to be inert. The interaction with myoglobin suggests nonselective adduct formation; i.e., proteins may act as carriers for these compounds.
    Inorganic Chemistry 05/2013; · 4.79 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
638.71 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2014
    • University of Vienna
      • • Institut für Anorganische Chemie
      • • Faculty of Chemistry
      Wien, Vienna, Austria
    • Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination.
      Tolosa de Llenguadoc, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • 2011
    • University of Szeged
      • Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry
      Szeged, Csongrad megye, Hungary
    • Kasetsart University
      • Faculty of Science
      Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 2010
    • Academy of Sciences of Moldova
      • Institute of Chemistry
      Kischinew, Chişinău, Moldova
  • 2009
    • University of Belgrade
      • Faculty of Chemistry
      Belgrade, SE, Serbia
  • 2007
    • National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
      • A. V. Bogatsky Physico-Chemical Institute
      Kiev, Misto Kyyiv, Ukraine
  • 2004
    • Instituto Técnico y Cultural
      Santa Clara de Portugal, Michoacán, Mexico
  • 1995
    • Max Planck Institute for Coal Research
      Mülheim-on-Ruhr, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany