Joana Ferrer

Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcino, Catalonia, Spain

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Publications (52)98.94 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: the use of liver retransplantation (ReLT) for Hepatitis C virus (HCV) recurrence is controversial because of subsequent viral recurrence after ReLT. case-control analysis between patients undergoing ReLT for HCV reinfection between 1993 and 2012 (ReLT group: 26 patients) and patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT) for HCV infection immediately before and after each ReLT (LT group: 52 patients). ReLT group had worse hepatocellular function, higher preoperative viral load, higher transfusion requirements and increased number of postoperative complications than LT group. ReLT patients showed a trend towards worse graft survival compared to LT (5 years graft survival: 42.3% vs. 64.3%, p=0.145) but the rate of severe HCV recurrence and infection-free survival were similar. The use of donors older than 60 years led to a lower infection-free survival and graft survival in both groups. Early severe HCV infection rate was similar in both groups but it affected prognosis in ReLT more markedly than in LT (3-year graft survival: 0% vs. 66.7%, p=0.003). ReLT for HCV reinfection has acceptable results when strict selection policies of donor and recipient are applied. However, early severe recurrence more markedly impairs prognosis in ReLT patients than in LT. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Clinical Transplantation 05/2014; · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To retrospectively assess the efficacy and safety of percutaneous endovascular treatment in patients with pancreas venous graft thrombosis (PVGT). Between 2001 and 2009, 206 pancreas transplants were performed at our institution. A retrospective review of pancreas graft recipients who underwent endovascular therapy for PVGT was performed. The study group included 17 patients (10 men, 7 women; mean age 38 years) with PVGT (<60 % [9 patients]; 30-60 % [8 patients]) 6.6 ± 5.7 days after grafting. The angiographic studies, type of endovascular procedure, endovascular procedural and postprocedural effectiveness, and patient and graft outcomes were assessed. In 16 of 17 cases (94 %), significant (87.5 %) or partial (12.5 %) lysis of thrombi was achieved. One patient had external compression of the portal vein due to a hematoma, which hindered mechanical removal of the thrombi. This patient required graft pancreatectomy for extensive areas of parenchymal necrosis 2 days after the endovascular procedure. No complications related to endovascular treatment were observed. Postprocedural bleeding episodes related to anticoagulation were observed in five patients. Patient and pancreas graft survival rates at 12 months were 94 and 76 %, respectively. Catheter-directed thrombectomy is an effective treatment for patients with PVGT. Percutaneous thrombectomy, followed by anticoagulation, appears to be an effective therapy to remove the thrombus and is associated with a low complication rate.
    CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology 12/2013; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adult living-donor liver transplantation recipients undergo important hemodynamic changes during the procedure, which in turn have proven to be of the upmost importance when dealing with small grafts, to avoid the so-called "small-for-size" syndrome. Back in 2003, we started a hemodynamic monitoring protocol in adult living-donor liver transplantation recipients, which evaluated the hemodynamic status of the patient 24 hr before, during, and 3 days after transplantation. We analyzed the correlation between the same hemodynamic variables measured in the hemodynamic laboratory and those taken in the operating room. With the exception of cardiac index and indexed systemic vascular resistance, all the other hepatic and systemic hemodynamic parameters measured before and during the intervention, as well as during and after the intervention, showed a lack of correlation. The observed lack of correlation may happen due to many factors, such as the influence of vasoactive and anesthetic drugs, total muscular relaxation, or the presence of an open abdomen. As a result, a direct comparison between hemodynamic values should only be done when measured in the same conditions.
    Transplantation 10/2013; · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Octreotide is generally administered based on the surgeon's interpretation of perceived risk for pancreatic fistula at the time of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). A single-institution, prospective randomized trial was conducted between April 2009 and December 2011 involving 62 PD patients who were randomized to receive octreotide (100 μg subcutaneously every 8 h; n = 32) or placebo (n = 30). Pancreatic juice output was measured after the operation using a catheter inserted into the pancreatic duct. Postoperative complications were recorded. No significant differences in median output were found between the octreotide (82.5 ml) and placebo (77.5 ml) groups (P = 0.538). Median total output was significantly lower in patients with adenocarcinoma compared with those with periampullary tumours (P = 0.004) and in patients with a duct diameter of >5 mm compared with those with a duct diameter of <5 mm (P = 0.001). There were no significant differences in overall morbidity between the octreotide and placebo groups (P = 0.819). Grade B pancreatic fistula (International Study Group for Pancreatic Fistula) was observed in two and three patients in the octreotide and placebo groups, respectively. Morbidity did not differ significantly between the groups. This study did not demonstrate an inhibitory effect of octreotide on exocrine pancreatic secretion. Based on these results, the routine use of octreotide after PD cannot be recommended.
    HPB 05/2013; 15(5):392-9. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: IntroductionThe recipient of an adult living donor liver transplant (ALDLT) is subjected to great haemodynamic changes that could lead to the appearance of a “small-for-size” syndrome in the post-operative period due to portal hyperflow. The aim of this article is to evaluate these changes, and try to correlate them with portal vein flow during reperfusion.Material and methodsA protocol for monitoring various liver haemodynamic data of the ALDLT recipient before, during and after surgery has been used since the year 2003. The haemodynamic outcome of the recipient after the transplant, as well as the correlation between the portal vein flow during reperfusion and the collected haemodynamic data is analysed.ResultsThere was no small for size syndrome. A significant relationship was found between the portal flow during reperfusion and the portal vein pressure at the beginning of the operation (r=0.46, P<.006) and with the portocaval shunt flow during the anhepatic phase (r=0.55, P<.001). The recipients showed a normal splanchnic hemodynamic state at 3 months after the transplant.Conclusions Haemodynamic monitoring of the ALDLT recipient is essential to prevent portal hyperflow. The relationship between flow during reperfusion and flow through the portocaval shunt means that patients with a higher risk of hyperflow can be identified and can be modified before reperfusion.
    Cirugía Española 03/2013; 91(3):169–176. · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) expression is increased in epithelial cancer patients, but studies showing its relation to prognosis are scarce. We aimed to test the ability of preoperative serum NGAL levels (pNGAL) to predict recurrence in metastatic and nonmetastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. METHODS: This retrospective study determined pNGAL levels in 60 healthy individuals, 47 patients with nonmetastatic CRC, and 70 patients with metastatic CRC undergoing curative neoplastic resection. Patients were divided into low- and high-pNGAL groups using a median series-based cutoff. RESULTS: The mean ± SD pNGAL in CRC patients (nonmetastatic and metastatic) was 102.3 ± 66.6 (median 91.4). Nonmetastatic CRC and metastatic CRC patients had higher pNGAL than healthy controls (88 ± 64 and 112 ± 67 vs. 0.6 ± 0.3, respectively, both p < 0.0001). Nonmetastatic CRC patients with deeper tumor invasion and metastatic CRC patients with shorter disease-free interval after CRC resection had higher pNGAL. pNGAL levels correlated with neoplastic tissue volume. CRC patients with recurrence had higher pNGAL than those without recurrence (118 ± 64 vs. 88 ± 66, p = 0.013), and high-pNGAL patients had a higher recurrence rate (59.3 vs. 36.2 %, p = 0.016). Median pNGAL-based risk classification had a sensitivity of 62.5 % for predicting neoplastic progression in CRC patients and 74.3 % for predicting neoplastic progression during the first year after metastatic CRC resection. CONCLUSIONS: pNGAL is higher in CRC patients than in the healthy population, which indicates a potential screening role. High-pNGAL levels are associated with higher neoplastic tissue volume, characteristics of neoplastic invasion, and recurrence, showing a prognostic utility mainly in metastatic CRC patients.
    World Journal of Surgery 02/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To analyze the use of proteomic profiles to discriminate healthy from patients with colorectal liver metastases (CLM) and to predict neoplastic recurrence after CLM resection. METHODS: From April 2005 to October 2008, 70 patients operated for first curative resection of CLM and 60 healthy controls underwent determination of preoperative serum proteomic profile. We performed a preliminary training with patients and controls and obtained a classification system based on these patients' proteomic profiles training. The system was then tested about the ability to predict the colon versus rectum origin, metachronous or synchronous appearance, risk of recurrence after CLM resection and whether a sample was from a control or a CLM patient. RESULTS: Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values for detecting CLM patients were 75, 100, 100 and 54.6 %, respectively. Best CLM appearance time identification was 50 % and primary tumor origin identification was 62.5 %. Best classifications of neoplastic recurrence within the first year after CLM resection and during the follow-up period were 47.5 and 45 %, respectively. Larger training sets and prevalence-based training sets led to better classification of patients and characteristics. CONCLUSION: Proteomic profiles are a promising tool for discriminating CLM patients from healthy patients and for predicting neoplastic recurrence.
    Clinical and Translational Oncology 01/2013; · 1.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cholangiocarcinoma, the second most common liver cancer, can be classified as intrahepatic (ICC) or extrahepatic. We performed an integrative genomic analysis of ICC samples from a large series of patients. METHODS: We performed gene expression profile, high-density single nucleotide polymorphism array, and mutation analyses using formalin-fixed ICC samples from 149 patients. Associations with clinico-pathological traits and patient outcomes were examined for 119 cases. Class discovery was based on a non-negative matrix factorization algorithm and significant copy number variations (CNV) were identified by GISTIC analysis. Gene set enrichment analysis was used to identify signaling pathways activated in specific molecular classes of tumors, and to analyze their genomic overlap with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). RESULTS: We identified 2 main biological classes of ICC. The inflammation class (38% of ICCs) is characterized by activation of inflammatory signaling pathways, overexpression of cytokines, and STAT3 activation. The proliferation class (62%) is characterized by activation of oncogenic signaling pathways (including RAS, mitogen-activated protein kinase, and MET), DNA amplifications at 11q13.2, deletions at 14q22.1, mutations in KRAS and BRAF, and gene expression signatures previously associated with poor outcomes for patients with HCC. CNV-based clustering was able to further refine these molecular groups. We identified high-level amplifications in 5 regions, including 1p13 (9%) and 11q13.2 (4%), and several focal deletions, such as 9p21.3 (18%) and 14q22.1 (12% in coding regions for the SAV1 tumor suppressor). In a complementary approach, we identified a gene expression signature that was associated with reduced survival times of patients with ICC; this signature was enriched in the proliferation class (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: We used an integrative genomic analysis to identify 2 classes of ICC. The proliferation class has specific copy number alterations, many features of the poor-prognosis signatures for HCC, and is associated with worse outcome. Different classes of ICC, based on molecular features, might therefore require different treatment approaches.
    Gastroenterology 01/2013; · 12.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: IntroductionLiving donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is an effective treatment for patients with terminal chronic liver disease, despite the high incidence of biliary complications. The objective is to evaluate the results and long-term impact of biliary complications after THDV.Patients and methodsFrom 2000 to 2010, 70 right lobe LDLT were performed. Biliary complications (leakage and stenosis) of the 70 LDLT recipients were collected prospectively and analyzed retrospectively.ResultsA total of 39 patients (55.7%) had some type of biliary complication. Twenty nine presented a leak, and of these, 14 subsequently developed a stricture. In addition, 10 patients had a stenosis without prior leakage. The median time to onset of stenosis was almost a year. Patients with previous biliary leakage were more likely to develop stenosis (58% vs. 29.5% at 5 years, P=.05). With a median follow up of 80 months, 70.8% of patients were successfully treated by interventional radiology. After excluding early mortality, there were no differences in survival according to biliary complications. A decrease of biliary complications was observed in the last 35 patients compared with the first 35.ConclusionsLDLT is associated with a high incidence of biliary complications. However, long-term outcome of patients is not affected. After a median follow-up time of nearly seven years, no differences were found in survival according to the presence of biliary complications.
    Cirugía Española 01/2013; 91(1):17–24. · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: The recipient of an adult living donor liver transplant (ALDLT) is subjected to great haemodynamic changes that could lead to the appearance of a "small-for-size" syndrome in the post-operative period due to portal hyperflow. The aim of this article is to evaluate these changes, and try to correlate them with portal vein flow during reperfusion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A protocol for monitoring various liver haemodynamic data of the ALDLT recipient before, during and after surgery has been used since the year 2003. The haemodynamic outcome of the recipient after the transplant, as well as the correlation between the portal vein flow during reperfusion and the collected haemodynamic data is analysed. RESULTS: There was no small for size syndrome. A significant relationship was found between the portal flow during reperfusion and the portal vein pressure at the beginning of the operation (r=0.46, P<.006) and with the portocaval shunt flow during the anhepatic phase (r=0.55, P<.001). The recipients showed a normal splanchnic hemodynamic state at 3 months after the transplant. CONCLUSIONS: Haemodynamic monitoring of the ALDLT recipient is essential to prevent portal hyperflow. The relationship between flow during reperfusion and flow through the portocaval shunt means that patients with a higher risk of hyperflow can be identified and can be modified before reperfusion.
    Cirugía Española 12/2012; · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adult Living donor liver transplantation (aLDLT) is associated to surgical risk in the donor and the possibility of development of small-for-size syndrome (SFSS) in the recipient, both events being of great importance. An excessively small liver graft entails a relative increase in portal blood flow during reperfusion, a factor that predisposes to increased risk of SFSS in the postoperative period, although other causes, related to recipient, graft or technical factors have also been reported. Hemodynamic monitoring protocol was used in 45 consecutive aLDLT recipients. After analyzing various hemodynamic parameters before reperfusion, a significant correlation between temporary portocaval shunt flow during the anhepatic phase and portal vein flow (PVF) after reperfusion of the graft (R(2) =0.3, p <0.001) was found, as well as a correlation between the native liver portal pressure (PP) and PVF after reperfusion (R(2) =0.21, p=0.007). Identification of patients at risk for excessive portal hyperflow will allow its modulation prior to reperfusion. This could favor the use of smaller grafts and ultimately a reduction in donor complications by allowing more limited hepatectomies to be performed. © 2012 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.
    Liver Transplantation 10/2012; · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is an effective treatment for patients with terminal chronic liver disease, despite the high incidence of biliary complications. The objective is to evaluate the results and long-term impact of biliary complications after THDV. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2000 to 2010, 70 right lobe LDLT were performed. Biliary complications (leakage and stenosis) of the 70 LDLT recipients were collected prospectively and analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: A total of 39 patients (55.7%) had some type of biliary complication. Twenty nine presented a leak, and of these, 14 subsequently developed a stricture. In addition, 10 patients had a stenosis without prior leakage. The median time to onset of stenosis was almost a year. Patients with previous biliary leakage were more likely to develop stenosis (58% vs. 29.5% at 5 years, P=.05). With a median follow up of 80 months, 70.8% of patients were successfully treated by interventional radiology. After excluding early mortality, there were no differences in survival according to biliary complications. A decrease of biliary complications was observed in the last 35 patients compared with the first 35. CONCLUSIONS: LDLT is associated with a high incidence of biliary complications. However, long-term outcome of patients is not affected. After a median follow-up time of nearly seven years, no differences were found in survival according to the presence of biliary complications.
    Cirugía Española 10/2012; · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Few studies have studied the effects of graft quality on non-urgent liver retransplantation (ReLT) outcomes. We aimed to analyze graft characteristics and survival in non-urgent ReLT and the effect of using grafts with extended criteria on survival. METHODS: Eighty non-urgent ReLT were performed from June 1988 to June 2010. The whole series was divided by identical time periods to study time-related effects. We assessed graft quality with donor risk index (DRI) and Briceño scores and recipient status with the Model for End-stage Liver Diseases and Rosen scores. Low and high-risk grafts were defined by a DRI cutoff of 1.8. RESULTS: Graft survival was similar in both periods (1-, 5-, and 10-year graft survivals: 73.5, 46.9, and 40.8 versus 71, 47.7, and 47.7%, p = 0.935) although donor quality was worse in the second period (DRI: 1.35 ± 0.32 vs. 1.66 ± 0.34, p < 0.001). In the first period high-risk grafts did worse than low-risk grafts (5-year survival: 0 vs. 54.5%, p = 0.002) while in the second period outcomes were similar (5-year survival: 48.6 vs. 56.7 %, p = 0.660). Donor age was the only independent donor factor for graft survival, with lower survival when using grafts from donors over 60-years-old. CONCLUSIONS: Graft quality in ReLT has worsened with time mainly because of older donors but nowadays the use of high-risk grafts in non-urgent ReLT is not associated with worse graft survival because of better perioperative management. Moreover of being selective on recipient conditions, care should be taken when using grafts from donors over 60-years-old for non-urgent ReLT.
    World Journal of Surgery 09/2012; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Non-functional endocrine pancreatic tumours (NPT) of more than 2 cm have an increased risk of malignancy. The aim of the present study was: (i) to define the guidelines for laparoscopic enucleation (LapEn) in patients with a non-functional NPT ≤3 cm in diameter; (ii) to evaluate pancreas-related complications; and (iii) to present the long-term outcome. Between April 1998 and September 2010, 30 consecutive patients underwent laparoscopic surgery for a non-functional NPT (median age 56.5 years, range 44-83). Only 13 patients with tumours ≤3 cm in size underwent LapEn. Local lymph node dissection to exclude lymph node involvement was performed in all patients. The median tumour size, operative time and blood loss were 2.8 cm (range 2.8-3), 130 min (range 90-280) and 220 ml (range 120-300), respectively. A pancreatic fistula occurred in five patients: International Study Group of Pancreatic Fistula (ISGPF) A in two patients and ISGPF B in three patients. The median follow-up was 48 months (12-144). Three patients with well-differentiated carcinoma are free of disease 2, 3 and 4 years after LapEn and a regional lymphadenectomy. One patient, 5 years after a LapEn, presented with lymph node and liver metastases. The present study confirms the technical feasibility and acceptable morbidity associated with LapEn. Intra-operative lymph node sampling and frozen-section examination should be performed at the time of LapEn; when a malignancy is confirmed, oncologically appropriate lymph node dissection should be performed.
    HPB 03/2012; 14(3):171-6. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPNs) are rare tumours of the exocrine pancreas. Although they can develop metastasis, the prognosis is good. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of these tumours attended in our hospital. All cases of SPN in the database of the Pathology Department between 1991 and 2010 were included. Age, sex, symptoms, type of surgery, pathologic and immunohistochemical characteristics, and clinical evolution were analyzed. Six cases were identified; all of them were women with a median age of 27.5 years. One patient presented haemoperitoneum, 2 abdominal pain and 3 were diagnosed incidentally. The most frequent localization was the pancreatic tail (n=4) and the median size was 7.7 cm. Four tumours were benign and 2 carcinomas. One of them had liver and lymph node metastases. Ki-67 proliferation index was low (1-3%). After a median follow-up of 33.5 months, all patients were alive and without evidence of relapse. SPNs occur in young women. In most cases surgical resection is curative. A low mitotic index confers a good prognosis and a long survival.
    Medicina Clínica 02/2012; 138(3):114-8. · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT:   Regular follow-up and monitoring of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) is important as there is a risk of recurrence in both the non-invasive and invasive IPMN.   Three patients developed pancreatic remnant recurrence after a pancreatico-duodenectomy for IPMN. Pancreatico-gastrostomy anastomosis was performed in all patients. Long-term follow-up was performed with radiographical surveillance and by endoscopic gastroscopy.   Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) revealed in one patient, 2 years after surgery, a 3-cm mass at the site of the anastomosis and dilatation of the Wirsung duct >6 mm in two other patients (2 and 3 years after surgery, respectively). The diagnosis of recurrence was confirmed endoscopically by the presence of a large amount of mucin at the anastomotic site. Cytological examination revealed moderate dysplasia. Opacification of the Wirsung duct after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) was only possible in one patient in whom an irregular stenosis of the duct was observed.   Long-term follow-up of the pancreatic remnant after pancreato-duodenectomy for IPMN is better achieved with pancreatico-gastrostomy anastomosis.
    HPB 02/2012; 14(2):132-5. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CA 19.9 serum levels were prospectively determined in 573 patients admitted to hospital for suspicion of pancreatic cancer. The final diagnosis was 77 patients with no malignancy, 389 patients with pancreatic cancer, 37 neuroendocrine pancreatic cancer, 28 cholangiocarcinomas, 4 gallbladder cancer, 27 ampullary carcinomas, and 11 periampullary carcinomas. CA 19.9 was determined using a commercial assay from Roche Diagnostics, and 37 U/ml was considered as the upper limit of normality. Abnormal CA 19.9 serum levels were found in 27%, 81.5%, 85.7%, 59.3%, 63.6%, and 18.9% of patients with benign diseases, pancreatic cancer, cholangiocarcinomas, and ampullary, periampullary, or neuroendocrine tumors. Significantly higher concentrations of CA 19.9 were found in patients with than in those without malignancy or with neuroendocrine tumors. CA 19.9 serum levels were higher in pancreatic cancer or cholangiocarcinoma than in other malignancies (p < 0.0001). CA 19.9 serum levels were also correlated with tumor stage, treatment (significantly lower concentrations in resectable tumors), and tumor location (the highest in those located in the body, the lowest in those in the tail or uncinate) and site of metastases (highest in liver metastases). A trend to higher CA 19.9 serum concentrations was found in patients with jaundice, but only with statistical significance in the early stages. Using 50 or 100 U/ml in patients with jaundice, CA 19.9 was useful as an aid in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer (sensitivity 77.9%, specificity 95.9%) as well as tumor resectability in pancreatic cancer with different cutoffs according to tumor location and bilirubin serum levels with specificities ranging from 90% to 100%. CA 19.9 is the tumor marker of choice in pancreatic adenocarcinomas, with a clear relationship with tumor location, stage, and resectability.
    Tumor Biology 12/2011; 33(3):799-807. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The definitive surgical management of periampullary tumors is a challenging endeavor. This article reviews the available data on the efficacy of various methods of pancreaticoenteric reconstruction designed for the prevention of pancreatic fistula (PF). A literature search of the Medline database was used to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) with pancreaticogastrostomy (PG) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). A total of two metaanalyses and four prospective RCTs were identified. Individual RCTs comparing PJ and PG allow the surgeons participating in the trial to choose technical modifications of one particular technique. As a result, there is no universal agreement as to whether one particular variation is safer and less prone to PF than the others. In addition, the majority of RCTs failed to stratify patient risk of PF. Further studies are therefore necessary to define the optimal technique of pancreatic reconstruction after PD conducted in high-volume centers by high-volume surgeons.
    Surgery Today 06/2011; 41(6):761-6. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To quantify preoperative serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels in patients undergoing curative resection of colorectal liver metastases and to assess the relationship between NGAL levels and prognostic features in these patients. From April 2005 to August 2007, 32 patients operated on for first curative resection of colorectal liver metastases underwent determination of preoperative serum NGAL. Patients were divided into four homogeneous clinical groups and into two risk groups based on their clinical risk scores. NGAL levels were corrected by simultaneous creatinine levels to avoid bias due to renal failure. Higher values of corrected NGAL levels (CNL) were found in patients of the high-risk group (94.53+/-56.18 vs 57.87+/-24.49, p=0.014). Patients with more than three tumor nodules had higher values of CNL compared to patients with three or fewer nodules (101.78+/-56.35 vs 58.57+/-27.24, p=0.008). Patients with disease involving both hepatic lobes had higher CNL levels than those with involvement of a single lobe (106.5+/-59.13 vs 59.01+/-26.69, p=0.005). Patients with higher clinical risk scores had significantly higher CNL. CNL are associated with the considered prognostic clinical factors and scores, suggesting a possible role for CNL as a prognosis-related indicator and a neoplastic tissue volume marker in patients with colorectal liver metastases.
    The International journal of biological markers 03/2010; 25(1):21-6. · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The liver is one of the most frequently damaged organs when abdominal trauma occurs. Currently, a conservative management constitutes the treatment of choice in patients with he-modynamic stability. The aim of this study is to evaluate the results of an operative and conservative management of 143 patients with liver injury treated in a single institution. Methods: A retrospective study of the patients admitted with the diagnosis of liver trauma was performed from 1992-2008. The pa-tients were classified according to the intention to treatment: Group I, operative management; Group II, conservative management. Variables analyzed included demographic data, injury classifica-tion, associated lesions, surgical treatment, transfusions, morbi-mortality, and hospital stay. We established two periods (1992-1999; 2000-2008) in order to compare diagnosis and management. Results: A total of 143 patients were analyzed. Thirty-one percent correspond to severe injuries. Conservative treatment was followed in 60.8 % with surgery undertaken in 14.9 % of patients from this group due to failure of conservative treatment. Immediate surgery was carried out in 38.2 %. Total mortality was 14 %. Morbidity (35.7-38.5 %) in the group of immediate surgery and failure of conservative management is similar, but not in mortality (28.6-15.4 %). In the second group (2000-2008) there are more patients with conservative treatment, with a low percentage of failure of this treatment and morbi-mortality. Conclusions: Conservative treatment is an adequate treatment in a great number of patients. Failure of conservative treatment did not show a higher incidence of complications or mortality but it should be performed in centers with experienced surgeons.
    Gastroenterology Research @BULLET. 01/2010; 3:9-18.

Publication Stats

317 Citations
98.94 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2013
    • Hospital Clínic de Barcelona
      • Servicio de Cirugía General y Digestiva
      Barcino, Catalonia, Spain
  • 2003–2013
    • University of Barcelona
      • Department of Medicine
      Barcino, Catalonia, Spain
  • 2011
    • University of Naples Federico II
      Napoli, Campania, Italy