[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Protein expression profiles in the fat bodies of larval, pupal, and moth stages of silkworm were determined using shotgun proteomics and MS sequencing. We identified 138, 217, and 86 proteins from the larval, pupal and moth stages, respectively, of which 12 were shared by the 3 stages. There were 92, 150, and 45 specific proteins identified in the larval, pupal and moth stages, respectively, of which 17, 68, and 9 had functional annotations. Among the specific proteins identified in moth fat body, sex-specific storage-protein 1 precursor and chorion protein B8 were unique to the moth stage, indicating that the moth stage fat body is more important for adult sexual characteristics. Many ribosomal proteins (L23, L4, L5, P2, S10, S11, S15A and S3) were found in pupal fat bodies, whereas only three (L14, S20, and S7) and none were identified in larval and moth fat bodies, respectively. Twenty-three metabolic enzymes were identified in the pupal stage, while only four and two were identified in the larval and moth stages, respectively. In addition, an important protein, gloverin2, was only identified in larval fat bodies. Gene ontology (GO) analysis of the proteins specific to the three stages linked them to the cellular component, molecular function, and biological process categories. The most diverse GO functional classes were involved by the relatively less specific proteins identified in larva. GO analysis of the proteins shared among the three stages showed that the pupa and moth stages shared the most similar protein functions in the fat body.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Silkworm strains resistant to Bombyx mori L. nuclear polyhedrosis virus were obtained through transgenic experiments. piggyBac transposon with an A3 promoter were randomly inserted into the silkworm, driving the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) reporter gene into the silkworm genome. Polymerase chain reaction results verified the insertion of the extraneous EGFP gene, and fluorescence microscopy showed that the EGFP was expressed in the midgut tissue. The morbidity ratio of the nuclear polyhedrosis decreased from 90% in the original silkworm strain to 66.7% in the transgenic silkworm strain. Compared with the resistance to the Bombyx mori L. nuclear polyhedrosis virus in the Qiufeng strain, which is commonly used in the production, there was an increase of 33 centesimal points in the transgenic silkworms. The antivirotic character in the Chunhua x Qiuyue strain, which was bred from a different transgenic family, was about 10 centesimal points higher than that in the Qiufeng x Baiyu, another crossbreed used in production. Our results indicated a good application value of the transposon-inserted mutation in the breeding of anti-BmNPV silkworm strain.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: As the only truly domesticated insect, the silkworm not only has great economic value, but it also has value as a model for genetics and molecular biology research. Genomics and proteomics have recently shown vast potential to be essential tools in domesticated silkworm research, especially after the completion of the Bombyx mori genome sequence. This paper reviews the progress of the domesticated silkworm genome, particularly focusing on its genetic map, physical map and functional genome. This review also presents proteomics, the proteomic technique and its application in silkworm research.