[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) on the recurrence of stroke and new cardiac arrhythmia using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and Holter monitoring.
Patients with PFO had >1 previous stroke or transient ischemic attack documented with MRI in the first event. PFO with right to left shunt was detected by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and transcranial Doppler ultrasound. MRI examinations were performed on patients before and one year after PFO closure was applied. A twenty-four hour Holter monitoring was performed in all patients within 1 month before and 6 months after the procedure.
Percutaneous PFO closure was performed on 47 patients (25 female, mean age: 38.7 years) who had cerebral ischemic events detected by MRI. A year after the procedure, TEE showed that there was no residual interatrial right-to-left shunting. After a 14 month follow-up, no new cerebrovascular event and no new lesion on MRI were recorded. The incidence of arrhythmia did not increase significantly after the procedure on Holter monitoring (p=0.917).
One-year clinical and MRI follow-up study of patients with cerebral ischemic events and percutaneous closure of PFO showed no recurrent event and no significant complication associated with the procedure. In addition, Holter monitorization demonstrated that the procedure did not increase the incidence of arrhythmias compared with pre-procedural monitoring.
Turk Kardiyoloji Dernegi arsivi: Turk Kardiyoloji Derneginin yayin organidir 02/2015; 43(1):38-46.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim:
Vitamin D deficiency, which is prevalent among young women in Middle Eastern populations, has been linked to cardiovascular disease. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) has also been found to be associated with coronary artery disease. However, data on the relationship between vitamin D status and epicardial adiposity is limited. This study aims to investigate the effect of vitamin D deficiency and replacement therapy on EAT thickness in healthy, young premenopausal women.
Thirty-one premenopausal women with vitamin D deficiency and 31 age-matched women with normal vitamin D levels were enrolled in this study. EAT thickness was measured echocardiographically. Measurements were performed at baseline in both groups and were repeated at the 6-month follow-up in vitamin D deficient subjects after vitamin D replacement therapy.
The baseline plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were lower in the vitamin D deficient group compared to the control group and were significantly improved following replacement therapy. EAT thickness was significantly higher in the vitamin D deficient group, and no significant change occurred following replacement therapy. In the linear regression analysis, waist circumference (β=0.031 [0.005-0.057], p=0.020) and 25(OH)D level (β=－0.020 [(－0.028)－(－0.013)], p＜0.001) independently correlated with EAT thickness.
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with a significant increase in EAT thickness in premenopausal women; however, a net beneficial response to adequate replacement therapy was not observed during the short period of therapy during our study. Longer periods of replacement therapy and follow-up may be useful to demonstrate the potential beneficial effects of vitamin D replacement on epicardial adiposity.
Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 01/2015; 22(6). DOI:10.5551/jat.28381 · 2.73 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose:
Trastuzumab induced cardiotoxicity (TIC) was defined as the most serious side effect. Long term cardiac effects of trastuzumab are still not known, thus we aimed to compare the long term cardiac effects of adjuvant trastuzumab therapies of HER2-positive breast cancer according to the treatment duration.
Patients who completed adjuvant trastuzumab treatment at least 6 months before for the adjuvant setting in HER2-positive breast cancer were included in the study. A total of 164 patients were included in this study: 108 and 56 patients were treated with 9 weeks and 52 weeks of trastuzumab, respectively. The main limitation of our study is that due to the cross-sectional evaluation of cardiac biomarkers we cannot predict the status of baseline cardiac biomarkers of this population.
The median follow-up of the study was 32 (10-95) months. The accompanying chronic diseases were similar in both groups. Baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 65.5 ± 3.4% vs 67.1 ± 4.5% in the 9 weeks and 52 weeks trastuzumab treatment groups, respectively (p = 0.13). Symptomatic heart failure was not observed during trastuzumab treatment in either group. Trastuzumab induced cardiotoxicity (TIC) was observed in 2 (1.9%) and 17 (30.3%) patients in the 9 and 52 weeks trastuzumab treatment groups, respectively (p < 0.001). After a median 24 months of follow-up from the last dose of trastuzumab, mean LVEF values were similar between the two treatment arms (p = 0.29). In the subgroup analyses, mean LVEF values were significantly lower in patients who developed TIC compared to those who did not develop TIC (61.9 ± 3.6% vs 64.4 ± 2.6%, p = 0.04). Average mean LVEF loss from baseline was significantly higher in patients who developed TIC compared to those who did not develop TIC (10.0 ± 6.0% vs 1.5 ± 6.2%, p < 0.001). Cardiac biomarkers were similar in both treatment groups. In the subgroup analyses serum High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and prohormone brain natriuretic peptide (pro-BNP) levels were significantly higher in patients who developed TIC compared to those who did not develop TIC.
TIC was observed to be significantly higher in the 52 weeks trastuzumab group. At the end of 32 months of follow-up mean LVEF values and cardiac biomarkers were similar between the two treatment groups. In the subgroup analyses, significant LVEF loss and higher cardiac biomarkers which show cardiac damage in patients who developed TIC can be permanent in some of the patients and long term cardiac damage may be underestimated.
Current Medical Research and Opinion 01/2015; 31(3):1-34. DOI:10.1185/03007995.2015.1005834 · 2.65 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose
Elevated red blood cell distribution width (RDW) has been associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) in cross-sectional and prospective studies. In this study, we aim to evaluate the relation of preablation RDW levels to late AF recurrence following cryoablation.
A total of 299 patients with symptomatic paroxysmal or persistent AF despite ≥1 antiarrhythmic drug(s) who were scheduled for cryoballoon-based AF ablation were enrolled in this prospective study.
A total of 299 patients (55.40 ± 10.60years, 49.20 % male) were involved and followed up at a median time of 24 (6–44) months. Patients with late AF recurrence had higher RDW levels (14.30 ± 0.93 vs. 13.52 ± 0.93 %, p
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine effectiveness of coronary artery calcium score (CACS) alone and combined with Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) in adult patients for significant coronary artery stenosis by using computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) as reference standard.
Two thousand twenty-one patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) underwent CACS test and CTCA. Patients were examined with dual-source CT and were grouped according to their age, gender, CACS, and estimated SCORE risk. Coronary plaque existence and degree of stenosis were assessed with CTCA. Sensitivity, specificity, and ROC curves were analyzed.
CACS was the single independent variable in estimating relative risk of critical stenosis and had superior outcome when compared with SCORE risk in logistic regression and ROC curve. Area under the ROC curve was greatest in the interval between 50-59 years. When SCORE was combined with CACS in patients with zero CACS, percentage of significant stenosis increased from 1.4% to 7.0% in patients with high or very high SCORE risk, and decreased to 0.9 % in patients with low or moderate SCORE risk.
CACS combination with SCORE risk predicts coronary artery stenosis. When CACS is zero, CTCA can be performed in patients with high or very high SCORE risk.
• CACS is the major predictor of significant stenosis in the sixth and seventh decade. • CACS has superior outcome when compared with SCORE. • Zero CACS is the most important negative predictor for significant CAS. • Zero CACS, with SCORE better predicts significant CAS.
European Radiology 12/2014; 25(3). DOI:10.1007/s00330-014-3477-2 · 4.01 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), as an endocrine organ, may serve as a source of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Also, given the strong relationship between atrial fibrillation (AF), obesity and inflammation, the purpose of this study was to investigate the association of non-valvular AF with epicardial and periatrial fat. A total of 618 (192 in sinus rhythm, 169 with paroxysmal AF, 133 with persistent AF and 124 with permanent AF) patients who underwent CT angiography for the evaluation of CAD or pulmonary vein anatomy before catheter ablation were enrolled in this study. Thickness of the EAT and periatrial fat were measured by CT angiography. Together with body mass index, these were examined in relation to the presence and severity of AF and left atrial (LA) diameter. Patients with AF had significantly more total EAT and periatrial fat thickness compared with patients in sinus rhythm (p < 0.001). EAT thickness was significantly higher in permanent, persistent and paroxysmal AF compared with sinus rhythm group (p < 0.001). Multivariable multinomial logistic regression analysis comparing patients with sinus rhythm and subtypes of AF revealed a significant association between periatrial fat and total EAT thickness with all AF subtypes. Correlation analysis demonstrated that both total EAT thickness and periatrial fat thickness were significantly correlated with LA diameter (p < 0.05). Epicardial fat thickness is associated with both the presence and severity of AF independent of all other risk factors including LA diameter. Mediators for the association of EAT with AF pathophysiology requires future large scale prospective studies.
The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging 12/2014; 31(3). DOI:10.1007/s10554-014-0579-5 · 1.81 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction: Recent evidence have suggested that autoantibodies may play an important role in the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). Predictive value of pre-procedural autoantibodies against beta-1 adrenergic receptor (anti-β1-R) and M2-muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (anti-M2-R) for AF recurrence following cryoballoon-based pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is still unclear. We aimed to determine the predictive value of pre-procedural anti-β1-R and anti-M2-R levels for AF recurrence in lone AF patients following cryoballoon-based PVI.
METHODS: 80 patients (mean age 54.25±7.7 years; 40% males) with lone AF who underwent cryoballoon-based PVI were included in the study. Pre-procedural anti-M2-R and anti-β1-R levels were measured with ELISA.
RESULTS: At one-year follow-up after ablation, late AF recurrence was observed in 17 (21.25%) patients. In the Cox regression model including number of antiarrhythmic drugs, early AF recurrence, anti-β1-R levels >159.88 ng/mL, anti-M2-R levels >277.65 ng/mL, AF duration and left atrial volume index; only anti-β1-R levels >159.88 ng/mL (HR: 4.281, p=0.039) and anti-M2-R levels >277.65 ng/mL (HR: 4.313, p=0.030) were found to be independent predictors of late AF recurrence. Anti-β1-R level >159.88 ng/mL was shown to predict late AF recurrence with a sensitivity of 70.59% and specificity of 90.48%. A cut-off value of 277.65 ng/mL for anti-M2-R level predicted AF recurrence with a sensitivity of 70.59% and specificity of 95.24%.
CONCLUSION: Pre-procedural serum anti-β1-R and anti-M2-R levels are independent predictors of late AF recurrence following cryoballoon-based PVI in lone AF patients. Detection of pre-procedural anti-β1-R and anti-M2-R levels may serve as a novel method for determination of lone AF patients who may not benefit from cryoballoon-based PVI.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
To assess exercise heart rate recovery (HRR) indices in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) for an assessment of their cardiac autonomic function.
Subjects and methods:
Thirty-five patients with diffuse or limited SSc and 35 healthy controls were enrolled. All subjects underwent exercise testing and transthoracic echocardiography. The HRR indices were calculated by subtracting the first- (HRR1), second- (HRR2) and third-minute (HRR3) heart rates from the maximal heart rate.
The SSc and control groups were similar in age (45.2 ± 11.6 vs. 43.9 ± 10.0 years), had identical gender ratios (31 female/4 male in both groups) and similar left ventricular ejection fraction (66.5 ± 5.1 vs. 67.7 ± 5.9%). The mean HRR1 (21.8 ± 4.4 vs. 27.7 ± 4.3 bpm, p = 0.001), HRR2 (43.8 ± 6.3 vs. 47.6 ± 4.4 bpm, p = 0.004) and HRR3 (58.8 ± 10.3 vs. 63.6 ± 7.3 bpm, p = 0.031) values were significantly lower in the SSc group than in the healthy controls. HRR indices were similar in the limited and diffuse SSc subgroups.
The patients with SSc had lower HRR indices than normal subjects. Cardiac autonomic functions might be involved in SSc, even in patients without cardiac symptoms.
Medical Principles and Practice 11/2014; 24(1). DOI:10.1159/000368359 · 1.34 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The second-generation cryoballoon (Arctic Front Advance™) (Arc-Adv-CB) has a redesigned injection system which distributes the refrigerant homogenously to the frontal balloon surface. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of the Arc-Adv-CB and its predecessor (Arctic Front™) (Arc-CB) in patients who underwent pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for atrial fibrillation (AF).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 mediated atrial fibrosis plays a major role in the development of vulnerable atrial substrate for atrial fibrillation (AF). Although cryoablation effectively eliminates the triggers for AF, the impact of atrial substrate on the success of cryoablation remains unclear.Objective
We aimed to investigate the association of plasma TGF-β1 level with extent of left atrium (LA) fibrosis using delayed-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI) and also effects of LA fibrosis on the success of cryoablation.MethodsA total of 41 symptomatic lone paroxysmal AF patients (58.5% male; age:49.2±7.6 years) underwent initial cryoablation. Cardiac DE-MRI at 1.5 Tesla scanner to quantify atrial fibrosis, plasma TGF-β1, clinical and echocardiographic data were collected before cryoablation. Postablation blanking period was observed for 3 months.ResultsDE-MRI revealed LA fibrosis in 27 (65.9%) patients with a median enhancement of 5% of the LA surface area. A total of 179 pulmonary veins (PV) were successfully isolated without any major complication. At median 18 months follow-up, 32 patients (78.1%) remained free of AF recurrence. Only plasma TGF-β1 level (p = 0.001) was found to be the predictor of the extent of LA fibrosis. Multivariate Cox regression analysis pointed out that the extent of LA fibrosis (HR:1.127, p = 0.007) and early AF recurrence (HR:1.442, p = 0.011) were the independent predictors of AF recurrence in late follow-up.Conclusion
Higher levels of TGF-β1 are associated with more extensive LA fibrosis and extent of LA fibrosis predict recurrences in patients undergoing cryoablation for lone AF.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying lone atrial fibrillation (AF) have not been clearly demonstrated yet. Emerging evidence has indicated that autoimmunity may play a role in the development of AF. Relationship between serum anti-M2-muscarinic receptor autoantibody (anti-M2-R) and anti-β1-adrenergic receptor autoantibody (anti-β1-R) levels and lone paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) has not been investigated. We aimed to compare anti-M2-R and anti-β1-R levels between lone PAF patients and healthy control subjects.
Methods and results
75 patients with lone PAF (age: 52.80 ± 6.80 years, 53 % male) and 75 healthy control subjects (age: 53.30 ± 6.80 years, 54 % male) were enrolled in the study. Serum anti-M2-R and anti-β1-R levels were measured by ELISA and compared between two groups. Anti-M2-R [142.30 (77.65–400.00) vs. 69.00 (39.48–299.04) ng/mL; p < 0.001) and anti-β1-R [102.56 (65.18–348.41) vs. 44.17 (30.89–158.54) ng/mL; p < 0.001] levels were significantly higher in patients with lone PAF compared to healthy controls. Multivariate regression analysis showed that left atrial diameter (OR: 1.471, p < 0.001), hs-CRP(OR: 1.940, p < 0.001), anti-M2-R (OR: 1.158, p < 0.001) and anti-β1-R (OR: 1.296, p < 0.001) levels were independent predictors for the presence of lone PAF. Using a cut-off level of 101.83 ng/mL, anti-M2-R levels predicted presence of lone PAF with a sensitivity of 94.68 % and specificity of 81.33 %. Anti-β1-R levels predicted presence of lone PAF with a sensitivity of 92.00 % and specificity of 73.30 %, using a cut-off level of 72.16 ng/mL.
Our results demonstrated that higher serum anti-M2-R and anti-β1-R levels are associated with lone PAF. Autoantibodies related to autonomic system may play an important role in the development of lone AF.
Clinical Research in Cardiology 10/2014; 104(3). DOI:10.1007/s00392-014-0776-1 · 4.56 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Catheter-based atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation has become an important therapeutic option in AF patients. Although there has been significant improvent in procedural success, post-procedural AF recurrences are continuing to be a major clinical problem. To the best of our knowledge, the impact of pre-procedural serum uric acid (SUA) level, as a pro-oxidant and pro-inflammatory marker, on AF recurrence following cryoballoon-based AF ablation has never been studied before. The objective of this study was to establish whether there is a relationship between levels of SUA and recurrence of paroxysmal AF after catheter ablation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrosis has been found to be associated with recurrent atrial fibrillation (AF) following catheter ablation. Autoantibodies against M2-muscarinic receptors (anti-M2-R) may play a role in the development of AF by inducing left atrial (LA) fibrosis. In this study, we aim to compare anti-M2-R levels between paroxysmal lone AF patients and healthy control subjects and to investigate the relationship between pre-ablation anti-M2-R level, LA fibrosis quantified by delayed enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI), and AF recurrence following cryoablation.