[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of iloprost (IL) on ischemia-reperfusion injury in a rodent model.
Twenty-four Wistar Albino rats were randomized into four groups (n = 6). Laparotomy was performed in all groups under general anesthesia. Only laparotomy was applied in group S (Sham). Ischemia-reperfusion group (group I/R) underwent ischemia and reperfusion performed by clamping and declamping of the infrarenal abdominal aorta for 120 min. The iloprost group (group IL) received intravenous infusion of IL 0.5 ng/kg/min, without I/R. Group I/R + IL received intravenous infusion of IL 0.5 ng/kg/min immediately after 2 h period of ischemia. At the end of the reperfusion period, all rats were killed under anesthesia and skeletal muscle samples of lower extremity were harvested for biochemical and histopathologic analyses.
Tissue levels of endothelial nitric oxide were significantly higher in I/R groups than those in groups S and IL. The heat shock protein 60 levels were higher in group I/R than the other groups. But the heat shock protein 60 levels in group I/R + IL were found to be similar with the groups S and IL. Malondialdehyde levels were significantly higher in group I/R. On the other hand, in group I/R + IL, malondialdehyde levels were higher than those in groups S and IL but lower than those in group I/R. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme activities were found to be significantly lower in group I/R than the other groups. Also in group I/R/I, the SOD enzyme activities were higher than those in group I/R. But, in group I/R + IL, SOD levels were found to be higher than those in group I/R but lower than those in groups S and IL.
These results indicate that IL has protective effects on I/R injury in skeletal muscle in a rodent model.
Journal of Surgical Research 09/2013; · 2.02 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We studied the existence of agents in aorta biopsies, such as Chlamydia pneumoniae, cytomegalovirus, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae, that are thought to have a role in atherosclerosis etiopathogenesis role, and their association with peripheral artery disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined aorta wall and internal mammarian artery (IMA) biopsies taken from two different places in 63 patients in whom coronary artery bypass was performed. In these biopsies, we evaluated the deoxyribonuclease (DNA) of these microorganisms using polymerase chain reaction. From the same patients, we recorded the ankle brachial index, road walking distance information, lipid profile, C-reactive proteins, blood parameters such as fibrinogen, and the patient's operation data. RESULTS: In the nine aorta biopsies taken from 63 patients, we isolated C pneumoniae DNA. In IMA biopsies taken from the same patients, we detected no microorganism DNA (P < 0.001). In the same aorta biopsies, we found no cytomegalovirus or M pneumoniae DNA. We examined 12 patients using an index value of 0.9 in the ankle brachial index evaluation; eight had C pneumoniae in the aorta biopsies (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: We found a significant relationship between C pneumoniae DNA and the existence of peripheral artery disease. In the development of atherosclerosis with C pneumoniae, there may be a determinant pathogen in both the aorta and the peripheral arteries. The nonexistence of C pneumoniae DNA in the IMA biopsies may indicate infectious agents because of the predominant endothelial functions in this artery, and thus its resistance to atherosclerosis.
Journal of Surgical Research 02/2013; · 2.02 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of adrenomedullin (AM) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on lung injury as a remote organ following skeletal muscle ischemia-reperfusion injury in a rat model. Materials and methods: Thirty-six Wistar rats were randomized into six groups (n=6). Laparotomy was performed in all groups under general anesthesia. Nothing else was done in Group S (Sham). Ischemia reperfusion group (Group I/R) underwent ischemia and reperfusion performed by clamping and declamping of the infrarenal abdominal aorta for 120 minutes, respectively. Group VEGF and Group AM received intravenous infusion of VEGF (0.8 μg/kg) or AM (12 μg /kg) respectively, without ischemia and reperfusion. Group IR+VEGF and Group IR+AM received intravenous infusion of VEGF (0.8 μg/kg) or AM (12 μg /kg) respectively immediately after 2 hours period of ischemia. At the end of reperfusion period. Lung tissue samples were taken for biochemical examination. Total oxidant status (TOS) and total antioxidant status (TAS) levels in lung tissue were determined by using a novel automated method. p<0.05 was considered as statistically significant.Results: TOS levels were significantly higher in Group I/R, when compared with groups S, AM and VEGF (p=0.004, p=0.011, p=0.017, respectively) and significantly lower in groups I/R+AM and I/R+VEGF, when compared with Group I/R (p=0.018, p=0.006, respectively). TAS levels were significantly higher in Group I/R, when compared with groups S, AM and VEGF (p=0.006 p=0.016, p=0.016, respectively) and significantly lower in Group I/R+AM, when compared with Group I/R (p=0.016). Keywords: ischemia-reperfusion, total oxidant status, total antioxidant status, adrenomedullin, vascular endothelial growth factor, rat.
Bratislavske lekarske listy 01/2013; 114(11):625-8. · 0.47 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting and on-pump cardiopulmonary bypass on the serum S-100 beta (S-100B) protein levels and neurocognitive functions of the patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-four patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were enrolled in the study and were divided into two groups: off-pump (group I, n = 24) and on-pump CABG (group II, n = 40) group. Serum S-100B levels were measured before and 0, 6, and 24 h after the operation. Neurocognitive function tests were done preoperatively and were repeated in the postoperative period as well. RESULTS: Serum S-100B levels were similar between the two groups preoperatively. However, median S-100B levels at 0, 6, and 24 h after the surgery were found to be significantly lower in the off-pump CABG group than in the on-pump group. The preoperative neurocognitive functions of the patients were similar between the two groups, whereas neurocognitive function was found to be significantly impaired postoperatively in the on-pump group in comparison with the off-pump CABG group. CONCLUSION: We concluded that off-pump CABG is associated with decreased serum S100 protein levels and less impairment on neurocognitive functions compared with the on-pump group.
Journal of Surgical Research 11/2012; · 2.02 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed to investigate the effects of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), and non-pulsatile CPB techniques on oxidative stress and the respiratory system in the current study.
The patients were allocated into three different groups according to perfusion techniques, as follows: off-pump CABG group (n=10); pulsatile CPB (n=11); and non-pulsatile CPB group (n=11). Serum carbonyl level was measured and a pulmonary function test was performed preoperatively and postoperatively.
The postoperative increase in the carbonyl level was significantly lower in the off-pump CABG group compared to the other two groups, while there was no significant difference between the pulsatile and non-pulsatile CPB groups with respect to carbonyl levels. Arterial partial pressure of oxygen, forced expiratory volume in one second, and forced vital capacity were significantly higher in the off-pump CABG group compared to other two groups in the postoperative period.
We found that off-pump CABG had less negative effects on oxidative stress and the respiratory system compared to pulsatile CPB and non-pulsatile CPB techniques. Additionally, there was no significant difference between pulsatile and non-pulsatile CPB.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: We aimed to investigate the effects of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting, pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass, and non-pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass techniques on the inflammatory response and the central nervous system in the current study. Methods: A total of 32 patients who were scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery were included in the study. The patients were allocated into three different groups according to the perfusion techniques used during the cardiopulmonary bypass procedure as follows: off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting group (n=10); pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass group (n=11); and non-pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass group (n=11). Serum interleukin-6, interleukin-8, tumor necrosis factor-alpha and S-100beta levels were measured preoperatively, and at 0, 6, and 24 hours postoperatively. Results: The postoperative increase in the levels of interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 was significantly lower in the off-pump group compared to the other two groups (p<0.05), while there was no significant difference in tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels between the groups. Postoperative S-100β levels, an indicator of cerebral injury, was significantly lower in the off-pump CABG group compared to the other two groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: We found that off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting had less negative effects on inflammatory response and central nervous system compared to pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass and non-pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass techniques.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of lidocaine on the morphology of saphenous veins (SVs) harvested during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.
This experimental study was conducted at the Cardiovascular Surgery Department, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey, between May and September 2007. The SVs from 11 patients who underwent CABG surgery were divided into 3 segments. Each segment from the same location of the grafts was allocated into 3 groups as control group (group C), physiologic saline group (group PS), and lidocaine group (group L). Nitric oxide synthase (NOS), nitric oxide (NO) pool, super oxide dismutase (SOD), and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) levels were measured in the samples from the groups. Histologic specimens were evaluated according to previously defined criteria, and scored accordingly.
Histological examination of the grafts in groups L and C were similar, but histological scoring of grafts in group PS were statistically higher than group C (p=0.008). Nitric oxide synthase activity and NO pool were higher in groups L and PS than in group C (p=0.010). Super oxide dismutase activity was higher in group L than in group PS (p=0.008). Super oxide dismutase activity was lower in group PS than in group C (p=0.047). There was no significant difference between TBARS level in all groups.
Our results indicate that primary damage might occur during surgery due to traumatic handling of the graft, and succeeding injuries could occur due to ischemia-reperfusion injury during the waiting period. Adding lidocaine to the preservation solution will protect later injury.
Saudi medical journal 03/2009; 30(2):203-8. · 0.62 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the results of coronary artery surgery in the elderly patients and
to compare the outcome with a younger group. Two hundred thirteen patients aged 70 years and older who underwent on-pump coronary
artery surgery were retrospectively studied and data were compared with those of 524 patients aged 50–69. The groups were
similar with respect to preoperative characteristics except for sex distribution and the incidences of peripheral vascular
disease and prior cerebrovascular accident. The use of internal mammarian artery grafts was significantly lower in the elderly
patients (80.3% versus 91.6%, p<0.001). The 30-day mortality for the elderly group was 4.7% while that of younger group was
2.3%. The elderly patients had a significantly higher incidence of postoperative low cardiac output, pulmonary complications
and acute renal failure. The elderly group also had also significantly longer intensive care unit length of stay (1.9 versus
1.7 days, p=0.006) and postoperative length of stay (10.1 versus 7.4 days, p<0.001). Although mortality and complication rates
are higher, coronary artery surgery can be performed with acceptable risk in the elderly patients. Old age alone should not
be a deterrent factor for surgical revascularization in coronary artery disease.
Central European Journal of Medicine 01/2009; 4(2):218-221. · 0.26 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Evaluation of the therapeutic effects of calcium dobesilate and diosmin-hesperidin through regulation of apoptosis.
56 Patients were divided into four groups; Group 1 consisted of patients (n = 18) with the recent diagnosis of primary varicose disorder who have never used medications, Group 2 consisted of patients (n = 14) who have used diosmin-hesperidin for at least six weeks prior to the operation, Group 3 consisted of patients (n = 14) who have used calcium dobesilate for at least six weeks prior to the operation and finally Group 4 (Control group) consisted of normal saphenous vein biopsies (n = 10). All biopsies were stained with Hematoxylin and Eosin. Tissue samples from 56 patients were immunohistochemically stained with antibodies of anti-bcl-2, anti-bax and anti-p53. Apoptosis was evaluated by TUNEL method.
There were no statistically significant differences among the groups in respect to gender distribution and smoking status. Immunohistochemical evaluation of apoptosis related proteins revealed a statistically significant difference between Group 4 and the other groups with respect to the apoptag staining on venous wall (p = 0.026). There were significant differences in the presence of bcl-2 protein expression between groups 4 and Group 1 (p = 0.0002) and between Group 1 and Group 3 (p = 0.023).
Our study highlights the significance of apoptosis in varicose disorders and suggests that calcium dobesilate, which is used in the treatment of varicose veins, could be of benefit by regulating apoptosis.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A variety of operative techniques has been used to repair complete atrioventricular (AV) canal defects and satisfactory outcomes after single patch repairs have been reported. We report our comparative results of repairing complete AV canal defects between 1998 and 2006 using the traditional single patch and the "Australian" techniques.
Fourteen patients underwent traditional AV canal repair with the single patch technique (Group 1) and 11 patients underwent repair with the "Australian" technique (Group 2). All patients were examined with preoperative echocardiography and cardiac catheterization, and were followed up with echocardiography to evaluate AV valve and ventricular function.
There were two early postoperative deaths in Group 1 and one in Group 2. One patient from each group had moderate left AV valve regurgitation postoperatively, but none from either group had left ventricular outflow obstruction.
The "Australian" technique is a simpler method requiring shorter aortic cross-clamping and total bypass times with good clinical and functional results. The early postoperative results are as encouraging as those achieved by the traditional single patch technique; however, long-term follow-up results are required to establish the efficacy of this simplified technique.
Surgery Today 02/2008; 38(11):999-1003. · 0.96 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Severe pulmonary hypertension is a risk factor for mortality in heart transplantation due to elevated post-operative right heart failure. Various treatment modalities have been used in the management of pulmonary hypertension in the peri-operative period. We report a case of successful management of acute right heart failure after orthotopic heart transplantation by decompression of the right ventricle through the patent foramen ovale of the donor heart and inhalation of iloprost.
The Journal of heart and lung transplantation: the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation 02/2008; 27(1):135-7. · 3.54 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated the relationship between acute coronary ischemia and the presence of Helicobacter pylori DNA in aortic regions that were absent macroscopic atheromatous plaques. The study group (Group 1) consisted of 42 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. Biopsy samples were obtained from 2 different locations: from regions of the aorta that were free (macroscopically) of atheromatous plaque (Group 1A), and from the internal mammary artery (Group 1B). The control group (Group 2) of 10 patients who had no atherosclerotic vascular disease provided aortic tissue samples for comparison. The real-time polymerase chain reaction method was used to detect H. pylori DNA in all biopsy samples. Eleven of 42 aortic tissue samples (26%) in Group 1A were positive for H. pylori DNA. Neither biopsies from the left internal mammary arteries of those patients nor biopsies from the aortas of the control group (Group 2) were positive for H. pylori DNA. There was a statistically significant difference between 1A and 1B in terms of H. pylori positivity (P=0.001). In Group 1 as a whole, acute coronary ischemia was more prevalent in the H. pylori-positive patients than in the H. pylori-negative patients (P=0.001). To our knowledge, this is the 1st study to investigate the detection of H. pylori DNA in aortic biopsy samples that are macroscopically free of atheromatous plaque. Such detection in patients who have atherosclerotic coronary artery disease could be an important indication of the role of microorganisms in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis.
Texas Heart Institute journal / from the Texas Heart Institute of St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Texas Children's Hospital 02/2008; 35(2):130-5. · 0.67 Impact Factor