ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of ATLS(®) on trauma mortality in a non-trauma system setting. ATLS represents a fundamental element of trauma training in every trauma curriculum. Nevertheless, there are limited studies in the literature as for the impact of ATLS training in trauma mortality, especially outside the US.
This is a prospective observational study. The primary end point was to investigate factors that affect mortality of trauma patients in our health care system. We performed a multivariate analysis for this purpose and we identified ATLS certification as a predictor of overall mortality. Following this finding we stratified patients according to the severity of injury as expressed by the ISS score and we compared outcome between those treated by an ATLS certified physician and those treated by non-certified ones.
Trauma volume and demographics of trauma patients, factors that affect mortality of traumatized patients and mortality between patients treated by ATLS(®) certified and non-certified physicians.
In total, 8862 trauma patients were included in the analysis. The majority of trauma patients (5988, 67.6%) were treated by a general surgeon, followed by those treated by an orthopedic surgeon (2194, 24.8%). There were 446 deaths in the registry but, 260 arrived dead in the Emergency Department and were excluded from the analysis. Multivariate analysis of the 186 deaths that occurred in the hospital revealed age, high ISS score, low GCS score, urban location of injury, neck injury and ATLS(®) certification as factors predisposing to mortality. Cross tabulation of ATLS(®) certification and ISS of the trauma patients shows that those treated by certified physicians died more often in all subcategories of ISS score (p<0.05).
In Greece, with no formal trauma system implementation, ATLS(®) certified physicians achieve worse outcomes than their non-certified colleagues when managing trauma patients. We believe that these findings must be interpreted in the context of the National health care system. There is considerable room for improvement in our country, and further analysis is required.
Resuscitation 02/2011; 82(2):180-4. · 3.60 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of TBI in Greece and to provide evidence on the epidemiologic characteristics of the disease.
This is a prospective observational study initiated by the Hellenic Society of Trauma and Emergency Surgery. Thirty hospitals participated in the registry. All trauma patients requiring admission transfer to a higher level centre and those who arrived dead were included in the study. This report evaluated the epidemiologic characteristics of patients with brain trauma, the cause and the severity of the injury and the final outcome.
Eight thousand eight hundred and sixty-two patients were included in the registry. Of them, 3383 had at least one brain injury. There were 2451 males and 932 females. Traffic accidents were the leading cause of TBI (54.1%), followed by falls (27.7%). The most affected age group was the 15-44 year olds (48.0%), but TBIs were more lethal in the 45-64 age group (17.8%). Interestingly, a 3.4% mortality was recorded if a TBI was present, even if ISS was relatively low (0-9 ISS group).
TBI is a major element of trauma. Knowledge of the epidemiologic characteristics of the disease is imperative for adequate planning and future quality assessment.
Brain Injury 01/2010; 24(6):871-6. · 1.36 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Trauma is a leading cause of death worldwide and a major health problem of the modern society. Trauma systems are considered the gold standard of managing patients with trauma. An integral part of any trauma system is a trauma registry. In Europe, and particularly in Greece, trauma registries and systems are in an embryonic stage. In this study, we present an attempt to record trauma in Greece.
The Hellenic Society of Trauma and Emergency Surgery invited all the official representatives of the society throughout the country to participate in the study. In succeeding meetings of the representatives, the reporting form was developed and the inclusion criteria were defined meticulously. Inclusion criteria were defined as patients with trauma requiring admission, transfer to a higher level center, or arrived dead or died in the emergency department of the reporting hospital. All reports were accumulated by the Hellenic Trauma society, imported in an electronic database, and analyzed.
Thirty-two hospitals receiving patients with trauma participated in the country, representing 40% of the country's healthcare facilities and serving 40% of the country's population. In 12 months time, (October 2005 to September 2006), 8,862 patients were included in the study. Of them, 66.9% were men and 31.3% were women. The compilation rate of the reporting forms was surprisingly high, considering that the final reporting form included 150 data points and that there were no independent personnel in charge of filling the forms.
Trauma registries are feasible even in health care systems where funding of medical research is sparse.
The Journal of trauma 12/2009; 67(6):1421-5. · 2.48 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to record and to evaluate the epidemiology of trauma in Greece and to assess the quality of management provided for trauma patients in the emergency department in Greek hospitals.
The Hellenic Society of Trauma and Emergency Surgery invited all the official representatives of the society throughout the country to participate in the study. The representatives that responded positively, met with the Board of the society in succeeding meetings to establish the reporting form and the inclusion criteria. Inclusion criteria were defined as trauma patients requiring admission, transfer to a higher level center or arrived dead or died in the emergency department of the reporting hospital. All reports were accumulated by the Hellenic Trauma society, imported in an electronic data base and analyzed. The design of the study was prospective and observational.
In total 8862 patients were included in the study in 12 months time. Of them 68.7% (n=6084) were male, aged 41.8+/-20.6 (mean+/-S.D.) and 31.3% were female (n=2778), aged 52.7+/-24.1 (mean+/-S.D.). The mean duration of treatment in the emergency room department was 1h and 28min. Of the total number of patients, 2312 (26.1%) were initially assessed and managed by a specialist and 6249 (70.5%) were initially assessed and managed by a resident.
Data from this study show that there is substantial room for improvement in the patient care in the emergency department following trauma. Further evaluation will be required to identify particular management patterns that can be readily altered.
Resuscitation 02/2009; 80(3):350-3. · 3.60 Impact Factor