Han-Sun Chiang

Fu Jen Catholic University, T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan

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Publications (72)161.64 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of high-power 120W Greenlight HPS laser (HPS) and compare the results to transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), and define a subgroup of patients who had better symptom score improvement after HPS. One hundred and twenty-five patients who underwent surgery for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) (61 HPS and 64 TURP) were retrospectively followed. Improvements of International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), quality of life score (QoL), maximum flow rate (Qmax) and post-void residual (PVR) were assessed at 4 weeks after the procedures. Potential covariates including age, body mass index (BMI), prostate volume (PV) and serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) were defined and further subgroup analyses were utilized. The HPS group had a significantly higher education level, annual household income and larger prostate size. Compared with TURP, HPS resulted in comparable IPSS, QoL, Qmax and PVR improvements, but shorter hospitalization duration, serum hemoglobin loss and blood transfusion rate. Subgroup analyses showed that men in the HPS group were younger (age<76 years), had higher BMI (≥24kg/m(2)) and greater adjusted IPSS and QoL improvements than men in the TURP group. HPS offered adequate effectiveness for symptomatic BPH versus TURP and was advantageous with regard to operative safety. Patients who are younger and have higher BMI may achieve better improvements with HPS than with TURP. Further long-term follow-up study is warranted. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 03/2015; 114(3). DOI:10.1016/j.jfma.2012.11.012 · 1.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Male infertility affects approximately 50% of all infertile couples. The male-related causes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection failure include the absence of sperm, immotile or immature sperm, and sperm with structural defects such as those caused by premature chromosomal condensation and DNA damage. Our previous studies based on a knockout mice model indicated that SEPT12 proteins are critical for the terminal morphological formation of sperm. SEPT12 mutations in men result in teratozospermia and oligozospermia. In addition, the spermatozoa exhibit morphological defects of the head and tail, premature chromosomal condensation, and nuclear damage. However, the molecular functions of SEPT12 during spermatogenesis remain unclear. To determine the molecular functions of SEPT12, we applied a yeast 2-hybrid system to identify SEPT12 interactors. Seven proteins that interact with SEPT12 were identified: SEPT family proteins (SEPT4 and SEPT6), nuclear or nuclear membrane proteins (protamine 2, sperm-associated antigen 4, and NDC1 transmembrane nucleoproine), and sperm-related structural proteins (pericentriolar material 1 and obscurin-like 1). Sperm-associated antigen 4 (SPAG4; also known as SUN4) belongs to the SUN family of proteins and acts as a linker protein between nucleoskeleton and cytoskeleton proteins and localizes in the nuclear membrane. We determined that SEPT12 interacts with SPAG4 in a male germ cell line through coimmunoprecipitation. During human spermiogenesis, SEPT12 is colocalized with SPAG4 near the nuclear periphery in round spermatids and in the centrosome region in elongating spermatids. Furthermore, we observed that SEPT12/SPAG4/LAMINB1 formed complexes and were coexpressed in the nuclear periphery of round spermatids. In addition, mutated SEPT12, which was screened from an infertile man, affected the integration of these nuclear envelope complexes through coimmunoprecipitation. This was the first study that suggested that SEPT proteins link to the SUN/LAMIN complexes during the formation of nuclear envelopes and are involved in the development of postmeiotic germ cells.
    PLoS ONE 03/2015; 10(3):e0120722. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0120722 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether the therapeutic effect of Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) in a rat model can improve erectile dysfunction after bilateral cavernous nerve injury. Forty-three male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent cavernous nerve crush injury and were randomized into 4 groups, including: vehicle only, high-dose GBE, medium-dose GBE, and low-dose GBE. Eight animals underwent sham operation. Four weeks later, erectile function was assessed by cavernous nerve electrostimulation, and penile tissue was collected for histologic analysis. Significant recovery of erectile function was observed in the high-dose GBE group in a dose-dependent manner as compared with the vehicle-only group (P <.001). The high-dose GBE group had a significant increase in neurofilament-1 expression (P <.001), preservation of neural nitric oxide synthase nerve fibers of the dorsal penile nerve (P <.05), and increased smooth muscle cell content (P <.001) compared with the vehicle-only group. In addition, high-dose GBE markedly augments the smooth muscle-to-collagen ratio (P <.05) and reduces the apoptotic index. Administration of GBE increases neuron survival and preserves the neural nitric oxide synthase nerve fiber and contents of the corpus cavernosum after bilateral cavernous nerve injury. These implications indicate the beneficial effects of GBE use in the repair of the cavernous nerve and recovery of erectile function after radical prostatectomy. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Urology 03/2015; 85(5). DOI:10.1016/j.urology.2015.01.026 · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a retrospective study to compare the cost and effectiveness between two different running models for extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL), including the outsourcing cooperation model (OC) and the rental cooperation model (RC). Between January 1999 and December 2005, we implemented OC for the SWL, and from January 2006 to October 2011, RC was utilized. With OC, the cooperative company provided a machine and shared a variable payment with the hospital, according to treatment sessions. With RC, the cooperative company provided a machine and received a fixed rent from the hospital. We calculated the cost of each treatment session, and evaluated the break-even point to estimate the lowest number of treatment sessions to make the balance between revenue and cost every month. Effectiveness parameters, including the stone-free rate, the retreatment rate, the rate of additional procedures and complications, were evaluated. Compared with OC there were significantly less treatment sessions for RC every month (42.6±7.8 vs. 36.8±6.5, p=0.01). The cost of each treatment session was significantly higher for OC than for RC (751.6±20.0 USD vs. 684.7±16.7 USD, p=0.01). The break-even point for the hospital was 27.5 treatment sessions/month for OC, when the hospital obtained 40% of the payment, and it could be reduced if the hospital got a greater percentage. The break-even point for the hospital was 27.3 treatment sessions/month for RC. No significant differences were noticed for the stone-free rate, the retreatment rate, the rate of additional procedures and complications. Our study revealed that RC had a lower cost for every treatment session, and fewer treatment sessions of SWL/month than OC. The study might provide a managerial implication for healthcare organization managers, when they face a situation of high price equipment investment. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 02/2015; 114(2):154-158. DOI:10.1016/j.jfma.2012.09.012 · 1.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To assess the associated risk factors and the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) among women with hypertension (H/T) aged 60 or over in Taiwan. Materials and Methods A total of 2410 women aged 60 or over were selected by a multistage random sampling method and a total of 1519 women completed the face-to-face interviews. Only women who answered “yes” to the question “Do you have H/T?” were included in the H/T sample. The factors were assessed by frequency and Pearson's χ2 test using a significance level of p < 0.05. Logistic regression was used to investigate the significance of dichotomous dependent variables. Results A total of 39.7% (602 women) interviewees had H/T, among which 39.9% (240 women) had UI symptoms. The prevalence of UI among women aged 60 or over with or without H/T was significantly different (p = 0.006). Risk factors were age [odds ratio (OR) = 1.043, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.016–1.071, per year], diabetes mellitus (DM) (OR = 1.653, 95% CI 1.105–2.474), previous urinary diseases (OR = 3.462, 95% CI 2.260–5.301), and body mass index (BMI; OR = 1.060, 95% CI 1.012–1.110, per unit). There was no significant association between UI and drug allergy, smoking, hysterectomy, hormone therapy, or gynecological surgery. Conclusion UI can be a frequent and annoying problem for aged women. In women with H/T, UI is significantly related to risk factors such as age, DM, BMI, and urinary diseases. In addition, BMI is considered a key risk factor for H/T. Therefore, effective control of BMI would help in controlling H/T and UI in aged women.
    Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 06/2014; 53(2):183–186. DOI:10.1016/j.tjog.2014.04.010 · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The septin gene belongs to a highly conserved family of polymerizing GTP-binding cytoskeletal proteins. SEPTs perform cytoskeletal remodeling, cell polarity, mitosis, and vesicle trafficking by interacting with various cytoskeletons. Our previous studies have indicated that SEPTIN12+/+/+/- chimeras with a SEPTIN12 mutant allele were infertile. Spermatozoa from the vas deferens of chimeric mice indicated an abnormal sperm morphology, decreased sperm count, and immotile sperm. Mutations and genetic variants of SEPTIN12 in infertility cases also caused oligozoospermia and teratozoospermia. We suggest that a loss of SEPT12 affects the biological function of microtublin functions and causes spermiogenesis defects. In the cell model, SEPT12 interacts with α- and β-tubulins by co-immunoprecipitation (co-IP). To determine the precise localization and interactions between SEPT12 and α- and β-tubulins in vivo, we created SEPTIN12-transgene mice. We demonstrate how SEPT12 interacts and co-localizes with α- and β-tubulins during spermiogenesis in these mice. By using shRNA, the loss of SEPT12 transcripts disrupts α- and β-tubulin organization. In addition, losing or decreasing SEPT12 disturbs the morphogenesis of sperm heads and the elongation of sperm tails, the steps of which are coordinated and constructed by α- and β-tubulins, in SEPTIN12+/+/+/- chimeras. In this study, we discovered that the SEPTIN12-microtubule complexes are critical for sperm formation during spermiogenesis.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 11/2013; 14(11):22102-22116. DOI:10.3390/ijms141122102 · 2.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) containing autologous growth factors is applied in regenerative medicine, but the lack of an optimized PRP preparation protocol causes unstable therapeutic effects. The aim of this study was to optimize the PRP preparation method and compare the effects of PRP from different preparation methods in restoration of erectile function in a rat model. The in vivo experiments used Sprague-Dawley male rats (n = 24), which were randomly divided into four groups of equal numbers: group I underwent sham operation, while the remaining three groups underwent bilateral CN crush. Crush injury groups were treated at the time of injury with an application of general PRP, optimized PRP [with the largest amount of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-AB] or normal saline-only injection in the corpus cavernosum, respectively. Four weeks later, erectile function was assessed by CN electrosimulation, and penile tissue was collected for histology. Results demonstrated that in the PRP group prepared with the ACD-A anticoagulant, chitosan and incubated at -20°C for 15 days had the largest amount of PDGF-AB and showed a synergistic effect on release (p < 0.05). Functional outcome measurement and immunofluorescence staining for the dorsal nerve revealed that improvement after bilateral CN injury occurred in the optimized PRP group (p < 0.05). It was concluded that optimized PRP with a high level of growth factors was more stable, and its injection into the corpus cavernosum facilitated recovery of erectile function. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine 08/2013; DOI:10.1002/term.1806 · 4.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To show the flexibility in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of seminal vesicle (SV) and intra-abdominal segment of vas deferens for the patients with congenital absence of the vas deferens (CAVD), including congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) and congenital unilateral absence of vas deferens (CUAVD). METHODS: Fourteen consecutive patients with CAVD had transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) and further MRI evaluations. TRUS was performed using a 7.5-MHz transducer, and images of the SVs were obtained, calculated in the transaxial plane. MRI studies were performed with a 1.5-7 superconducting system, T1- and T2-weighted axial, coronal, and sagittal imaging of the pelvis was obtained. If the SVs were present, then their size was measured for the morphologic classification and diagnosis. All of the patients also received cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene mutation testing. RESULTS: In a series of 12 men with CBAVD, only 4 were found to have bilateral SV agenesis using MRI. The remaining 8 men with unilateral hypoplasia still had SV remnants. MRI also detected the intra-abdominal segment of the vas deferens. Through our study of MRI, SV agenesis is not well associated with the presence of CFTR mutation in patients with CAVD. CONCLUSION: MRI provides a precise imaginal diagnosis of SV defect, which is superior to the TRUS examination for the patients with CAVD. Compared with the previous inaccurate examination method of TRUS, this study demonstrates that MRI can provide better images for the patients with CAVD for the clinical diagnosis of existing defects of internal seminal tract and internal organs.
    Urology 06/2013; 82(2). DOI:10.1016/j.urology.2013.03.038 · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Asthenozoospermia is a major cause of male infertility. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying sperm-motility defects remain largely unknown in the majority of cases. In our previous study, we applied a proteomic approach to identify unknown proteins that were downregulated in spermatozoa with low motility compared to spermatozoa with good motility. Several sperm motility- related proteins have been identified. In this study, 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase (HIBADH), one of the proteins identified using the proteomic tools, is further characterized. METHODS: Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reactions (RT-PCR), western blotting, and immunofluorescence assays (IFA) were preformed to investigate the expression pattern. The enzymatic activity of HIBADH was evaluated in sperm with good (>50 %), moderate (< 50 %) and lower motility (< 20 %). RESULTS: Using RT-PCR, we found that transcripts of HIBADH are enriched in the cerebellum, heart, skeletal muscle, uterus, placenta, and testes of male humans. In western blotting, it is expressed in the placenta, testes, and spermatozoa. During spermiogenesis, HIBADH is located at the mid-piece (a specialized development from the mitochondria) of elongating, elongated, and mature sperm. The enzymatic activity of HIBADH in sperm with moderate and lower motility were significantly reduced compared with good motility (P < 0.0001 and P < 0.05, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that HIBADH is involved in the mitochondrial function of spermatozoa, and maintains sperm motility. It may serve as a sperm-motility marker.
    Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics 02/2013; DOI:10.1007/s10815-013-9954-8 · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: XX male is a rare sex chromosomal disorder in infertile men. The purpose of this study was to distinguish the clinical and genetic features of the 46,XX male syndrome from other more frequent, testicular-origin azoospermic causes of male infertility. To study 46,XX male syndrome, we compared clinical and endocrinological parameters to other groups with testicular-origin azoospermia, and to an age-matched group of healthy males and females as normal control. Fluorescent in situ hybridization for detection and localization of the sex-determining region of the Y gene (SRY), array-based comparative genomic hybridization screening, and real-time qualitative polymerase chain reaction of FGF9, WT1, NR5A1, and SPRY2 genes were performed in this genetic investigation. Our three patients with 46,XX male syndrome had a much higher follicular-stimulating hormone level, lower body height, lower testosterone level, and ambiguous external genitalia. One of the three patients with 46,XX male syndrome was SRY-negative. A further genetic study, including a comparative genomic hybridization array and real-time polymerase chain reaction, showed a gain of FGF9 copy numbers only in the SRY-negative 46,XX male. The genetic copy number of the FGF9 gene was duplicated in that case compared to the normal female control and was significantly lower than that of the normal male control. No such genomic gain was observed in the case of the two SRY-positive 46,XX males. Similar to clinical manifestations of 46,XX male syndrome, genetic evidence in this study suggests that FGF9 may contribute to sex reversal, but additional confirmation with more cases is still needed.
    Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 02/2013; 112(2):72-8. DOI:10.1016/j.jfma.2012.02.009 · 1.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the efficacy of hydrodistention (HD) followed by bladder training (BT) versus HD alone in patients with interstitial cystitis (IC). A total of 70 patients with IC were included and randomly assigned to two groups: one treated with HD (HD group) and the other treated with HD plus BT (HD plus BT group). Each patient was followed up using a weekly diary for 8 weeks after HD and monthly thereafter for 6 months after HD. Evaluation parameters included age, duration of IC in years, how many doctors visited before treatment, urgency, bladder pain, daytime voided volume per void, nocturnal volume per void, daytime voids per day, and nocturia per day. Age, duration of IC in years, doctors visited before treatment, and voiding profiles of patients before treatments between the two groups did not show statistical significance. However, at 24 weeks after HD, the proportions of urgency, and bladder pain of the HD group versus the HD plus BT group were 43.48% versus 10.71% (p = 0.008), and 34.78% versus 14.29% (p = 0.086), respectively. Concurrently, the mean ± standard deviation of daytime voided volume per void, nocturnal volume per void, daytime voids per day, and nocturia per day of the HD group and HD plus BT group are 212.2 ± 114.2 mL and 300.1 ± 90.2 mL (p = 0.005), 276.8 ± 113.0 mL and 360.0 ± 129.6 mL (p = 0.018), 8.2 ± 3.2 and 6.2 ± 1.4 (p = 0.010), and 2.2 ± 1.2 and 1.5 ± 0.7 (p = 0.019), respectively. HD followed by BT produced a statistically significantly better effect than HD alone in the treatment of patients with IC.
    Taiwanese journal of obstetrics & gynecology 12/2012; 51(4):591-5. DOI:10.1016/j.tjog.2012.11.001 · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Interstitial cystitis (IC) has been described as a chronic debilitating sterile inflammatory multifactorial bladder syndrome of unknown etiology. IC is characterized by bladder pain (or suprapubic pain) associated with urgency, urinary frequency, and nocturia. Because the pathogenesis of IC remains unclear, it is still an enigma and represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. The diagnosis of IC remains unclear and is based on exclusion of other diseases. Consequently, IC has usually been underdiagnosed, and the consensus on best available treatment for the disease is lacking. The current goal for the treatment of IC is usually symptomatic relief, and treatment protocols are based on empiricism. Multiple forms of therapy are available, and most patients can be managed conservatively. Nevertheless, the efficacy of most treatments is short term. This review article gives an overview of the available treatments for IC.
    Taiwanese journal of obstetrics & gynecology 12/2012; 51(4):526-32. DOI:10.1016/j.tjog.2012.10.002 · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction.  Neurogenic erectile dysfunction resulting from cavernous nerve (CN) injury is a major complication caused by radical prostatectomy. The use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the nerve-injured site has shown promising results for the nerve regeneration. However, the effects of PRP injection in corpus cavernosum after bilateral CN injury have never been investigated. Aim.  To assess the neuroprotective effect of PRP injection in corpus cavernosum after bilateral CN injury. Methods.  Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: Group I underwent sham operation, while the remaining two groups underwent bilateral CN crush. Crush injury groups were treated at the time of injury with an application of PRP or normal saline only injection in the corpus cavernosum, respectively. Four weeks later, erectile function (EF) was assessed by CN electrosimulation, and CNs as well as penile tissue were collected for histology. Main Outcome Measures.  Intracavernous pressure (ICP) monitored during electrical stimulation of CNs; myelinated axons number of CNs and dorsal penile nerve; collagen type change, number of apoptotic cells, and mRNA expression of caspase-3 and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) in the corpus cavernosum. Results.  Four weeks after surgery, in the vehicle-only group, the functional evaluation showed a lower mean maximal ICP than that in the sham group (P < 0.05). PRP treatments resulted in significant recovery of EF, as compared with the vehicle-only group (P < 0.05). Histologically, the PRP-treated group had a significant preservation of myelinated axons of CNs compared with the vehicle-only group (P < 0.05) and reduced the apoptotic index. The mRNA expression of TGF-β1 in the corpus cavernosum tissue was significantly decreased in the PRP group compared with the vehicle-only group (P < 0.05). Conclusions.  PRP injection in the corpus cavernosum increased the number of myelinated axons and facilitated recovery of EF in the bilateral CN injury rat model. Wu C-C, Wu Y-N, Ho H-O, Chen K-C, Sheu M-T, and Chiang H-S. The neuroprotective effect of platelet-rich plasma on erectile function in bilateral cavernous nerve injury rat model. J Sex Med **;**:**-**.
    Journal of Sexual Medicine 08/2012; 9(11). DOI:10.1111/j.1743-6109.2012.02881.x · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Umbilical cord blood is rich in primitive natural killer (NK) cells, which are activated by interleukin (IL)-12. It was previously reported that a novel IL-12 family cytokine, IL-27 comprised of EBI3 and p28, was elevated in maternal serum during normal pregnancy. Thus, we compared the immune regulatory functions of IL-27 and IL-12 on mononuclear cells derived from cord blood and adult peripheral blood. After stimulation with IL-27, IL-12, and IL-27 combined with IL-12, the cytotoxicity against BJAB lymphoma cells by blood mononuclear cells was performed. Then immunofluorescence staining, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting were used to detect the effects of IL-27 and IL-12 in isolated NK cells. IL-27, IL-12, and IL-27 combined with IL-12 enhanced the cytotoxicity of adult peripheral blood cells and cord blood cells, but the proliferation of distinct subpopulations of cells was not evident. Similar results were also obtained with purified cord blood NK cells. Interestingly, distinct from IL-12, IL-27 could induce aggregation and morphological changes of umbilical cord blood cells. Finally, IL-27 combined with IL-12 could stimulate increased IL-27 receptor (gp130 and WSX-1) transcripts in purified cord blood NK cells. However, the activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in NK cells was only detected in the presence of IL-27, but not IL-12 alone. From previous results, we summarize our current understanding of the augmentation of distinct regulation of NK cells by IL-27 and IL-12.
    Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 05/2012; 111(5):275-83. DOI:10.1016/j.jfma.2010.10.002 · 1.70 Impact Factor
  • Chun-Hou Liao, Feng-Yen Lin, Yi-No Wu, Han-Sun Chiang
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    ABSTRACT: Endothelial cells contribute to the function and integrity of the vascular wall, and a functional aberration may lead to atherogenesis. There is increasing evidence on the atheroprotective role of androgens. Therefore, we studied the effect of the androgens-testosterone and dihydrotestosterone-and estradiol on human coronary artery endothelial cell (HCAEC) function. We found by MTT assay that testosterone is not cytotoxic and enhances HCAEC proliferation. The effect of testosterone (10-50 nM), dihydrotestosterone (5-50 nM), and estradiol (0.1-0.4 nM) on the adhesion of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-stimulated HCAECs was determined at different time points (12-96 h) by assessing their binding with human monocytic THP-1 cells. In addition, the expression of adhesion molecules, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), was determined by ELISA and Western blot analysis. Both testosterone and dihydrotestosterone attenuated cell adhesion and the expression of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Furthermore, androgen treatment for a longer duration inhibited cell migration, as demonstrated by wound-healing assay, and promoted tube formation on a Matrigel. Western blot analysis demonstrated that the expression of phosphorylated endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) increased, whereas that of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) decreased following the 96-h steroid treatment of TNF-α-stimulated HCAECs. Our findings suggest that androgens modulate endothelial cell functions by suppressing the inflammatory process and enhancing wound-healing and regenerative angiogenesis, possibly through an androgen receptor (AR)-dependent mechanism.
    Steroids 04/2012; 77(7):756-64. DOI:10.1016/j.steroids.2012.03.014 · 2.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Low sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS), but its relationship with inflammation is unclear. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 696 subjects (255 men, 235 pre-menopausal women, and 206 postmenopausal women). Body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure, lipid profiles, plasma glucose, insulin, FSH, LH, total testosterone (TT), estradiol, SHBG, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S), and hs-CRP concentrations were measured. MetS was defined according to the updated National Cholesterol Education Program criteria with modification of waist circumference for Asians. RESULTS: Serum hs-CRP and SHBG were negatively correlated in men (r=-0.29, p<0.001), pre-menopausal women (r=-0.38, p<0.001), and postmenopausal women (r=-0.27, p<0.001). In men, TT and hs-CRP showed a negative association (r=-0.25, p<0.001), but the association was attenuated after adjusting for SHBG (r=-0.14, p=0.039). Multivariate regression models showed that SHBG was independently associated with hs-CRP in men (r=-0.18, p=0.009), pre-menopausal women (r=-0.15, p=0.025), and postmenopausal women (r=-0.21, p=0.005), adjusted for age, MetS components, insulin resistance, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and serum sex hormone levels. CONCLUSIONS: Serum SHBG and hs-CRP concentrations were inversely correlated in men, pre-menoposal, and post-menopausal women independently.
    Clinica Chimica Acta 04/2012; 413(7-8):803-7. DOI:10.1016/j.cca.2012.01.021 · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is estimated that 10-15% of couples are infertile and male factors account for about half of these cases. With the advent of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), many infertile men have been able to father offspring. However, teratozoospermia still remains a big challenge to tackle. Septins belong to a family of cytoskeletal proteins with GTPase activity and are involved in various biological processes e.g. morphogenesis, compartmentalization, apoptosis and cytokinesis. SEPTIN12, identified by c-DNA microarray analysis of infertile men, is exclusively expressed in the post meiotic male germ cells. Septin12(+/+)/Septin12(+/-) chimeric mice have multiple reproductive defects including the presence of immature sperm in the semen, and sperm with bent neck (defect of the annulus) and nuclear DNA damage. These facts make SEPTIN12 a potential sterile gene in humans. In this study, we sequenced the entire coding region of SEPTIN12 in infertile men (n = 160) and fertile controls (n = 200) and identified ten variants. Among them is the c.474 G>A variant within exon 5 that encodes part of the GTP binding domain. The variant creates a novel splice donor site that causes skipping of a portion of exon 5, resulting in a truncated protein lacking the C-terminal half of SEPTIN12. Most individuals homozygous for the c.474 A allele had teratozoospermia (abnormal sperm <14%) and their sperm showed bent tail and de-condensed nucleus with significant DNA damage. Ex vivo experiment showed truncated SEPT12 inhibits filament formation in a dose-dependent manner. This study provides the first causal link between SEPTIN12 genetic variant and male infertility with distinctive sperm pathology. Our finding also suggests vital roles of SEPT12 in sperm nuclear integrity and tail development.
    PLoS ONE 03/2012; 7(3):e34011. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0034011 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between sex hormones and metabolic syndrome (MS) in an Asian population. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 237 men aged 20-88 years (mean age 52 years). Serum lipids, glucose, insulin, total testosterone (TT), estradiol (E2), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), and dehydroepiandosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) were measured along with body height, weight, waist circumference, and blood pressure. Free testosterone (FT) and bioavailable testosterone (BT) were calculated. Correlations were determined using univariate and multivariate regression analyses. Men with MS had lower levels of TT, BT, FT, SHBG and DHEA-S than men without MS. Multivariate analysis, after adjusting for age and smoking status, indicated that TT (OR: 0.909, 95% CI: 0.836-0.988, p = 0.003) and SHBG (OR: 0.948, 95% CI: 0.913-0.985, p = 0.006) were significantly associated with MS (R(2) = 0.314). TT was associated with waist circumference (p = 0.008) and abnormal triglycerides level (p = 0.006); SHBG was associated with blood pressure (p = 0.003), blood glucose (p = 0.043) and abnormal triglycerides (p = 0.048). A significant trend was observed between decreasing levels of TT, BT, FT, and SHBG and increasing numbers of MS components. Results show that serum testosterone and SHBG levels inversely correlate with MS in an Asian population applying the Asian MS definition.
    The Aging Male 11/2011; 15(1):1-6. DOI:10.3109/13685538.2011.597462 · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Limited donor-cell engraftment to the injured tissue restricts therapeutic efficacy of stem cell transplantation. Herein, we proposed an alternative strategy by using in utero transplantation (IUT) to create mixed-chimerism environment in recipients and to facilitate donor-cell engraftment followed by postnatal secondary boost with the same cells. Mouse bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) were used as the xenogenic donor cells and given into rat fetus as an early exposure of IUT treatment. The engraftment potential was analyzed for the presence of BMSCs by flow cytometry or PCR in recipient tissues. The function of a second boost of mouse BMSCs, in terms of cardioprotection, was tested by given 1×10⁶ cells to rat IUT hearts with ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury that was induced by a 45 min of left coronary ligation and released for 72 h. Mouse BMSCs demonstrated an immunosuppressive effect when mixed with mouse or rat lymphocytes. IUT treatment only caused few BMSCs engrafted to fetal (embryonic day 20) and adult (4 weeks after birth) rat organs including heart, but engraftment was increased in hearts of the IUT rats after second boost. This was coincided with attenuation of cardiac injury caused by IR. Interestingly, an up-regulation of CXC chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) was seen when BMSCs were exposed to hypoxia. This indicates that enhanced engraftment of mouse BMSCs to post-ischemic rat hearts possibly is dependent on CXCR4. Moreover, results of flow cytometry demonstrated that the presence of CD34⁺ cells in rat IUT hearts with IR injury was increased. These observations suggest that enhanced engraftment of donor BMSCs to rat IR hearts by CXCR4 may recruit endogenous CD34⁺ cells of recipients which in turn protects heart against IR. This also supports the notion of fetal preconditioning with BMSC enhances the efficiency of progenitor cell-mediated organ protection after a postnatal second boost in xeno-transplantation.
    The Chinese journal of physiology 08/2011; 54(4):205-18. DOI:10.4077/CJP.2011.AMM078 · 1.28 Impact Factor
  • Chun-Hou Liao, Han-Sun Chiang, Hong-Jeng Yu
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association between serum sex hormone levels and lower urinary tract symptoms in men aged 40-79 years. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 509 men (mean age 58 years). The serum total testosterone (TT), dihydrotestosterone, and estradiol levels were measured. The total prostate volume measured by transrectal ultrasonography and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) questionnaire were obtained. Correlations were determined using univariate and multivariate regression analysis. The subjects with moderate to severe lower urinary tract symptoms (total IPSS≥8) were older, with a greater incidence of hypertension and diabetes, a larger prostate, and had lower serum TT levels. On the univariate analysis, the serum TT levels were negatively associated with the total IPSS, IPSS storage subscore, weak stream, and nocturia. After adjusting for age, hypertension, diabetes, and total prostate volume, only the serum TT level was significantly associated with nocturia (>2 times/night; P=.042), and men with serum TT levels in the greatest quartile had a 44% reduced risk of nocturia than in the lowest quartile (P=.037). In our relative healthy male cohort, most IPSS items showed no significant association with serum sex hormone levels, except for nocturia, which showed a negative correlation with the serum testosterone level.
    Urology 07/2011; 78(3):631-5. DOI:10.1016/j.urology.2011.05.033 · 2.13 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

739 Citations
161.64 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003–2015
    • Fu Jen Catholic University
      • School of Medicine
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2011
    • Cardinal Tien Hospital
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2010
    • Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2002–2009
    • Taipei Medical University
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Division of Urology
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
    • Taiwan Adventist Hospital
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2008
    • Taipei City Hospital
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan