Masaaki Yano

Okayama University, Okayama, Okayama, Japan

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Publications (20)71.54 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The repair enzyme RAD18 plays a key role in the post-replication repair process in various organisms from yeast to human, and the molecular function of the RAD18 protein has been elucidated. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of arginine (Arg, CGA) or glutamine (Gln, CAA) at codon 302 is known on RAD18; however, the association between the SNP and the risk of any human cancers including non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been reported. We therefore investigated the relationship between the polymorphism and the development and progression of human NSCLC. The study population included 159 patients with NSCLC and 200 healthy controls. The SNP was genotyped by polymerase chain reaction with the confronting two-pair primer (PCR-CTPP) assay. Genotype frequencies were compared between patients and controls, and the association of genotypes with clinicopathological parameters was also studied. The Gln/Gln genotype was significantly more frequent in NSCLC patients (20.7%) than in healthy controls (11.5%)(P = 0.003). The increased risk was detected in NSCLC patients with the Gln/Gln genotype [Odds ratio (OR) = 2.63, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.38-4.98]. As to the relationship of the SNP with clinicopathological parameters of NSCLC, significantly higher risks were detected in lung squamous cell carcinoma (LSC) (OR = 4.40, 95% CI = 1.60-12.1). Our results suggested that Gln/Gln genotype of the RAD18 SNP has the increased risk of NSCLC, especially of LSC. This is the first report to provide evidence for an association between the RAD18 Arg302Gln polymorphism and human NSCLC risk.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 03/2008; 134(2):211-7. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To identify the tumor suppressor genes (TSG) associated with non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC), we performed the loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis in NSCLC samples from 66 patients. We focused on the novel hot spot region on 15q14-24 with eight polymorphic microsatellite markers. Frequent allelic loss was detected in 33 of 48 informative cases (69%) at D15S984 on 15q23. We defined the fine map on the region and identified the SIN3A gene as a candidate TSG. The SIN3A gene product is a component of the histone deacetylase (HDAC) complex and plays essential roles in early embryonic development and the proliferation and survival of a variety of cells through the repression of diverse signaling pathways. Our expression analysis revealed more frequent down-regulation of the SIN3A mRNA in 19 of 31 cases (61%) of NSCLCs in comparison to those of other flanking genes (16-42%), albeit the correlation of the decreased expression with the LOH did not attain statistic significance. These results suggest that the attenuated function of SIN3A due to a decreased level of expression may result in epigenetic de-regulation of growth-related genes through histone acetylation, which leads to the tumorigenesis of lung cancer cells. To our knowledge, this is the first evidence of the down-regulation of the SIN3A gene in human cancer.
    Lung Cancer 02/2008; 59(1):24-31. · 3.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The RAD18 gene, located on the human chromosome 3p24-p25, plays a crucial role in post-replication repair (PRR) in various organisms from yeast to humans. In the human RAD18 gene, one coding single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at codon 302, encoding either arginine (Arg, CGA) or glutamine (Gln, CAA), was reported. Although the molecular function of the RAD18 protein came to be elucidated, the association between the RAD18 Arg302Gln polymorphism and the risk of human cancer development was not examined. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between the polymorphism and the development of human primary colorectal cancer (CRC). The Arg302Gln polymorphism in 100 patients with CRC and 200 healthy controls were genotyped by the polymerase chain reaction with confronting two-pair primer (PCR-CTPP) assay. The Gln/Gln genotype was significantly more frequent in CRC (18.0%) than in the healthy controls (11.5%) (p=0.046). The increased risk was detected in CRC patients with the Gln/Gln genotype (Odds ratio [OR], 2.10; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.00 to 4.40). When the relationship of the SNP with clinicopathological parameters of CRC was investigated, particularly in the well-differentiated grade and in the lymph node metastasis (N1) CRC patients, significantly higher risks were detected (OR, 7.00; 95% CI, 1.19-41.1 and OR, 3.71; 95% CI, 1.30-10.6, respectively). These results suggested that the RAD18 Arg302Gln polymorphism is associated with the risk of CRC. This report provides evidence for an association between the RAD18 Arg302Gln polymorphism and human CRC risk.
    Oncology Reports 12/2007; 18(5):1171-5. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The AXIN2 gene, a negative regulator gene of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling, is a putative tumor suppressor gene on human chromosome 17q24. In the genomic locus on which the AXIN2 gene is located, allelic loss and rearrangement were frequently detected in many cancers. An association between human cancer risk and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at codon 50 of the AXIN2 gene, encoding either proline (CCT) or serine (TCT), remains undefined. We, therefore, investigated the distribution of the SNP at codon 50 in 110 healthy controls and 160 patients with non-small-cell lung cancer, 113 patients with colorectal cancer, and 63 patients with head and neck cancer. We found that the frequency of the homozygous T/T (Ser/Ser) genotype was significantly less in lung cancer patients (5.0%) than in healthy controls (13.6%) (p=0.005). As compared with the C/C (Pro/Pro) genotype of the controls, lung cancer patients with the T/T genotype showed reduced risk of cancer; the adjusted odds ratio (OR) for patients with the homozygous T/T (Ser/Ser) genotype was 0.31 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.12-0.79). The association was particularly strong in lung cancer patients with lung adenocarcinoma (LAD) (adjusted OR, 0.24; 95% CI, 0.07-0.81), with well-differentiated grade cancer (adjusted OR, 0.12; 95% CI, 0.01-0.99) and with moderately-differentiated grade cancer (adjusted OR, 0.18; 95% CI, 0.04-0.85). These results suggest that the AXIN2 Pro50Ser SNP is associated with development of lung cancer as a protective SNP, while an association between the AXIN2 SNP and risk of colorectal cancer and of head and neck cancer was not observed. This is the first report to show an association between the AXIN2 SNP and lung cancer risk.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 09/2006; 18(2):279-84. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The RASSF1 gene, a putative tumor suppressor gene located on human chromosome 3p21, garners much attention for the frequent allelic loss and gene silencing via promoter hypermethylation in a variety of human malignancies. An association between a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at codon 133 of the RASSF1 gene, encoding either alanine (GCT) or serine (TCT), and human cancer risk remains undefined. We therefore, investigated the distribution of the Ala133Ser SNP in 101 patients with lung cancer, 63 with head and neck cancer, 72 with colorectal cancer, 56 with esophageal cancer and 110 healthy controls by polymerase chain reaction and restriction enzyme-digestion assay. The heterozygous Ala/Ser genotype was significantly more frequent in lung cancer patients than in healthy controls (P=0.028). The adjusted odds ratio (OR) for the patients with heterozygous Ala/Ser genotype as compared with the controls with the Ala/Ala genotype was 2.59 (95% confidence interval (CI); 1.11-6.04). The increased risk of the Ala/Ser genotype was found in lung cancer patients but not in other cancer patients we examined. The association was particularly strong in those lung cancer patients of male (adjusted OR; 3.33, 95% CI; 1.37-8.12), with adenocarcinoma (adjusted OR; 3.33, 95% CI; 1.36-8.15), early stages (adjusted OR; 3.42, 95% CI; 1.33-8.75) and with smoking habit (adjusted OR; 2.70, 95% CI; 1.06-6.83). These results suggest that the RASSF1 Ala133Ser SNP is associated with development of lung cancer, especially of lung adenocarcinoma. The increased risk of the heterozygous genotype is intriguing, implying a close relation with the dimerization feature of RASSF1 proteins.
    Cancer Letters 08/2006; 238(1):128-34. · 5.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The human DOC-2/DAB2 interactive protein (hDAB2IP) gene is a novel member of the Ras GTPase-activating family and has been demonstrated to be a tumour-suppressor gene inactivated by methylation in several cancers. In this study, we analysed the methylation and expression status of hDAB2IP in gastrointestinal tumours. The promoter region of hDAB2IP was divided into two regions (m2a and m2b) based on our previous report, and the methylation status was determined by bisulphite DNA sequencing in gastric cancer cell lines. The gene expression was semiquantified by real-time RT-PCR, and the results indicated that the m2b promoter region might be an authentic methylation-mediated key regulator of the gene expression. Based on the sequence data, we developed a methylation-specific PCR (MSP) for the m2a and m2b regions and applied it to the samples. Methylation-specific PCR revealed aberrant methylation in the m2a region in eight of 12 gastric cancer cell lines (67%), 16 of 35 gastric cancer tissues (46%) and 29 of 60 colorectal cancer tissues (48%), and in the m2b region in eight of 12 cell lines (67%), 15 of 35 gastric cancer tissues (43%) and 28 of 60 colorectal cancer tissues (47%). On the other hand, seven (12%) and 11 (19%) of 59 gastrointestinal nonmalignant mucosal specimens showed methylation in the m2a and m2b regions, respectively, suggesting that hDAB2IP methylation might play a causative role in carcinogenesis. The 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine treatment restored the gene expression in the m2b-methylated cell lines, confirming that the methylation caused gene downregulation. We also examined the relationship between hDAB2IP methylation and the clinicopathological features in patients with primary tumours, and determined that methylation in the m2b region was associated with location of the tumour in the stomach. In summary, our results demonstrated that hDAB2IP methylation is frequently present in gastrointestinal tumours and that the resulting gene silencing plays an important role in gastrointestinal carcinogenesis.
    British Journal of Cancer 04/2005; 92(6):1117-25. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CDX2 (caudal type homeobox transcription factor 2) is a homeobox protein, which is expressed in intestinal epithelium. CDX2 has been considered to play a role as a tumor suppressor gene in colorectal cancer because its expression is lacking in colorectal carcinomas, but preserved in adenomas. The point mutations have been found to account for loss of CDX2 expression, but the main mechanism responsible for CDX2 gene inactivation is less understood. We analyzed methylation and expression status of CDX2 in colorectal cancer cell lines and primary tumors. There are two CpG-rich sites in promoter region of CDX2 gene, -1570 to -1200 and -220 to +880. By COBRA (combined bisulfite restriction analysis) assay, the upper CpG-rich site was heavily methylated in all cell lines, but the lower CpG-rich site was methylated in limited cell lines. Bisulfite sequencing analysis and RT-PCR revealed that methylation of the lower CpG site was associated with down-regulation of CDX2. In addition, gene expression was restored in COLO201, a methylated cell line with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine, confirming that methylation caused gene down-regulation. We also examined CDX2 promoter methylation of primary tumors by MSP (methylated-allele specific PCR) assay and found that nearly 40% of cases have a methylated CDX2 gene. Our results demonstrate that CDX2 methylation is frequently present in colorectal cancers and may play a key role in inactivating CDX2 expression.
    Oncology Reports 04/2005; 13(3):547-51. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: EXO1 is a member of the RAD2 nuclease family and functions in DNA replication, repair and recombination. We investigated the relationship of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at exon 10 (T439M) and exon 13 (P757L) of the EXO1 gene with development, progression and metastasis of colorectal cancer. For T439M, the Thr/Met genotype [odds ratio (OR) = 2.03, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04-3.98] and Thr/Met and Met/Met genotypes combined (OR = 2.37, 95% CI 1.23-4.56) demonstrated significant association with the development of colorectal cancer after adjusting for age, gender and smoking status. For P757L, patients with the Leu/Leu genotype showed a reduced risk of colorectal cancer (adjusted OR = 0.398, 95% CI 0.183-0.866) when the Pro/Leu and Pro/Pro genotypes were combined and used as the reference. The Leu/Leu genotype also had a reduced risk (adjusted OR = 0.373, 95% CI 0.164-0.850) when the Pro/Leu genotype was used as the reference. Individuals who carried both putative risk genotypes (Thr/Met and Met/Met for T439M and Pro/Leu for P757L) showed an adjusted OR of 4.95 (95% CI 1.56-15.7) compared with those who carried both low risk genotypes. Analysis of microsatellite instability (MSI) revealed that tumors from individuals who carried both putative risk genotypes tended to have a higher frequency of MSI positives than those from patients who carried both low risk genotypes, although a significant correlation was not found between EXO1 genotype and MSI status. This is the first report to provide evidence for an association of EXO1 gene polymorphisms with colorectal cancer risk. The EXO1 genotypes were not associated with any clinicopathological characteristics in colorectal cancer patients.
    Carcinogenesis 03/2005; 26(2):411-6. · 5.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies reported that clinical responsiveness to gefitinib was associated with somatic mutation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene in non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). Here, we investigated the relationship between EGFR mutation and clinicopathologic features. EGFR mutational status of 120 NSCLCs was determined mainly in EGFR exons 18 to 21 by direct sequence and correlated with clinicopathologic parameters. EGFR mutations were present in 38 cases (32%) and the majority of mutations were in-frame deletions of exon 19 (19 cases) and a missense mutation in exon 21 (18 cases). EGFR mutations were frequently associated with adenocarcinoma (P < 0.0001), never smoker (P < 0.0001), and female gender (P = 0.0001). Of interest, increasing smoke exposure was inversely related to the rate of EGFR mutation (P < 0.0001). Multivariate analysis showed that smoking and histology were independent variables. Furthermore, gender difference was observed for the mutational location (P = 0.01) dominance of exon 19 for males and exon 21 for females. Twenty-one cases were treated with gefitinib and found that EGFR mutation was significantly related to gefitinib responsiveness (P = 0.002). In addition, median survival times of patients with and without EGFR mutations treated with gefitinib were 25.1 and 14.0 months, respectively. Patients with EGFR mutations had approximately 2-fold survival advantage; however, the difference was not significant. We show that EGFR mutations were significantly related to histology and smoke exposure and were a strong predictive factor for gefitinib responsiveness in NSCLC.
    Clinical Cancer Research 03/2005; 11(3):1167-73. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The human DOC-2/DAB2 interactive protein gene (hDAB2IP) is a novel member of the Ras GTPase-activating gene family that is known to act as a tumor suppressor gene and is inactivated by methylation in prostate and breast cancers. We established previously a methylation-specific PCR (MSP) for the promoter region (m2a and m2b regions) of hDAB2IP and examined hDAB2IP methylation status in breast cancers. We analyzed the methylation and expression status of hDAB2IP in lung cancers. The methylation status of hDAB2IP was examined in lung cancer cell lines using bisulfite sequencing and MSP. Expression was examined using conventional and real-time RT-PCR, and methylation was found to be inversely correlated with expression, confirming that the MSP can also be used to examine hDAB2IP methylation status in lung cancers. Aberrant methylation was detected at the m2a region in 19 of 47 lung cancer cell lines (40%) and 26 of 70 primary tumors (37%) and at the m2b in 16 lines (34%) and 25 of 70 tumors (36%). Gene expression was restored in methylated cell lines supplemented with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine, confirming that methylation was responsible for downregulation. We also examined the relationship between hDAB2IP methylation and clinico-pathological features of the lung cancers and found that hDAB2IP methylation was associated with advanced disease stage. Our results demonstrate that hDAB2IP methylation is frequently present in lung cancers and plays a key role in hDAB2IP silencing. hDAB2IP methylation could be used as a biomarker for disease stage, reflecting the degree of clinico-pathological malignancy of lung cancer.
    International Journal of Cancer 02/2005; 113(1):59-66. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The p57KIP2 gene belongs to the Cip/Kip family of CDK inhibitors and has been demonstrated to be a tumor suppressor gene, being inactivated in various types of human cancers. We analyzed the methylation and expression status of p57KIP2 in lung and breast cancers, and in malignant mesotheliomas (MMs). The promoter region of p57KIP2 was determined by methylation-specific PCR (MSP) in samples of lung and breast cancer, and of MM. The expression of the gene in the cell lines was determined by RT-PCR and correlated with the methylation status. Aberrant methylation was detected by MSP in 9 of 27 (33%) and 25 of 78 (32%) lung cancer cell lines and tumors, respectively, 11 of 18 (61%) and 17 of 38 (45%) breast cancer cell lines and tumors, respectively, and 1 of 25 (4%) MM tumors. DNA methylation was detected but rarely in the corresponding non-malignant tissues. In addition, the gene expression was restored in the methylated cell lines following 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine treatment, confirming that the methylation was indeed responsible for the gene down-regulation. We also examined the relationship between the p57KIP2 methylation status and the clinicopathological features of the primary tumors, and found that there was no relationship between the p57KIP2 methylation status and any of the examined clinicopathological features. In summary, our results demonstrate that p57KIP2 methylation associated with the gene down-regulation is frequently present in lung and breast cancers and plays an important role at the molecular level in the pathogenesis of these cancers.
    Oncology Reports 12/2004; 12(5):1087-92. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To identify tumor-suppressor genes on chromosome 10 in non-small cell lung cancers, we isolated 10 types of splicing variant of the HELLS/SMARCA6 gene transcripts. HELLS/SMARCA6 is a novel member of SNF2 family, which is implicated in cellular functions like chromatin remodeling. Variant 1 was an alternatively spliced isoform containing an insertion of a 44 ntd intronic sequence between exons 3 and 4, giving rise to a premature termination of translation. Expression of variant 1 was detected exclusively in lung cancer specimens (11 of 43 cases, 26%) but was not detected in corresponding normal tissues. The D10S520 marker in the proximity of the HELLS/SMARCA6 gene showed prevalent allelic loss (41%) compared to flanking markers (25-31%). These results suggest that loss of function of HELLS/SMARCA6 by allelic loss and aberrant proteins by tumor-specific exon creation may result in epigenetic deregulation, leading lung cells to malignancy or its progression.
    International Journal of Cancer 11/2004; 112(1):8-13. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Absence or low expression of DLC-1, a tumor suppressor gene, in breast cancers has been shown recently. LOH of 8p12-p22, on which DLC-1 is located, is frequent in breast cancers, but the correlation between low expression of DLC-1 and LOH has not been confirmed. To determine the implication of aberrant methylation, one of the most frequent mechanisms of silencing the tumor suppressor or cancer-related genes, we examined the methylation status of DLC-1 promoter region in breast cancer cell lines and primary breast tumors. The hypermethylation status was examined by MSP and 25% of cell lines harbored a methylated allele. The gene silencing by methylation was also confirmed by the re-expression of DLC-1 by the 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine treatment in DLC-1 hypermethylated cell line. But the methylation of DLC-1 gene was less frequently shown in primary breast cancers (10%). These data suggest that hypermethylation is responsible for silencing of DLC-1 gene in a limited portion of breast cancers.
    Oncology Reports 08/2004; 12(1):141-4. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aberrant methylation of 5' CpG islands is thought to play an important role in the inactivation of tumor suppressor genes in several types of cancers. In non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), several genes are known to be frequently methylated and the correlation of their methylation with clinical features has been studied. We determined the methylation of p16, CDH13 and RAR-beta which were reported to be methylated frequently in NSCLCs and HPP-1 which was known to be methylated in other types of cancers. The correlation between methylation and clinicopathological features were examined. The frequencies of methylation in NSCLCs were 20% for p16, 37% for CDH13, 34% for RAR-beta, and 13% for HPP1. The methylation of p16 is correlated with smoking history and methylation of HPP1 was significantly more frequent in adenocarcinomas than in squamous cell carcinomas. This is the first description of aberrant methylation of the HPP1 gene in lung cancers and our data support the previous reports on methylation in NSCLCs and association with smoking.
    Oncology Reports 08/2004; 12(1):177-80. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Synovial sarcoma (SS) is characterized by a chromosomal translocation resulting in the expression of an SYT-SSX chimeric transcript, usually SYT-SSX1 or SYT-SSX2. Synovial sarcoma typically originates in the limbs, and its location in the thorax is rare. Synovial sarcomas are usually classified into three histologic subtypes: biphasic, monophasic and poorly differentiated tumors. The detection of the characteristic chimeric transcript often contributes to a histopathological diagnosis, especially when the tumor arises in an unusual location. Previous studies have shown that SYT-SSX1 is the most common SYT-SSX fusion transcript in biphasic synovial sarcomas of the limbs. Here, we report two cases of synovial sarcoma originating in the thorax. The presence of SYT-SSX2 chimeric transcripts was confirmed by reverse transcript polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and a direct sequencing analysis in both cases. The tumor in case 1 originated from the pericardium, which is an exceedingly rare site for primary synovial sarcoma; only three other cases of synovial sarcoma originating in the pericardium have been previously reported. Case 2 exhibited a biphasic synovial sarcoma of the mediastinum containing an SYT-SSX2 fusion transcript, which is a rare fusion type in biphasic synovial sarcomas of the limbs. We reviewed previous reports of thoracic synovial sarcomas containing an analysis of the SYT-SSX fusion transcript and found that case 2 in the present study was the first description of a biphasic synovial sarcoma of the thorax with an SYT-SSX2 fusion transcript. However, the number of reported cases was not sufficient to conclude that SYT-SSX2 fusion in biphasic synovial sarcoma of the thorax is, indeed, rare. Further genetic analysis is needed to fully understand the biological and clinical features of synovial sarcoma originating in the thorax.
    Lung Cancer 07/2004; 44(3):391-7. · 3.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human DOC-2/DAB2 interactive protein (hDAB2IP) gene is a novel member of the Ras GTPase-activating family and has been demonstrated to be a tumor suppressor gene inactivated by methylation in prostate cancer. We analyzed methylation and expression status of hDAB2IP in breast cancer. The promoter region of hDAB2IP was divided into two regions (m2a and m2b) following our previous report on prostate cancer, and methylation status was determined in breast cancer cell lines with bisulfited DNA sequencing. Expression was semiquantified with real-time reverse transcription-PCR to find that aberrant methylation showed the inverse relationship with expression. On the basis of sequence data, we developed methylation-specific PCR for m2a and m2b regions and applied to samples. Aberrant methylation was detected in 11 of 25 breast cancer cell lines (44%) and 15 of 39 primary tumors (38%) at the m2a region and in 12 of 25 cell lines (48%) and 13 of 39 tumors (33%) at the m2b region. In addition, gene expression was restored in methylated cell lines with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine, confirming that methylation caused gene down-regulation. We also examined the relationship between hDAB2IP methylation and clinicopathologic features in primary tumors and found that methylation in the m2b region was associated with progressive nodal status of tumors. We developed methylation-specific PCR for hDAB2IP and examined its methylation status in breast cancer. Our results demonstrate that hDAB2IP methylation frequently is present in breast cancer and plays a key role in hDAB2IP inactivation, suggesting the relationship between hDAB2IP methylation and lymph node metastasis of breast cancer.
    Clinical Cancer Research 04/2004; 10(6):2082-9. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BRAF encodes a RAS-regulated serine/threonine kinase that mediates the pathway for cell growth and malignant transformation. Point mutations of BRAF were reported recently in 66% of melanomas, over 30% of thyroid papillary and low-grade ovarian cancers, and a smaller percentage of other human cancers. Mutations in malignant cells were reported to occur only in exons 11 and 15. Among these mutations, BRAF V599E is most frequent and proved to invert its transcript to the dominant active form. To exclude the interference of co-existing normal cells in clinical samples, we developed a new enriched PCR-RFLP assay for detecting mutations of BRAF codon 599 mutation. The sensitivity of this assay was examined to find that one mutant allele among 10(2) wild-type alleles could be detected. We applied this method for 53 cases of primary malignant pleural mesotheliomas (MPMs) and 6 cell lines and found no mutations in these samples. Our results demonstrate that the developed enriched PCR-RFLP is a sensitive assay to detect BRAF codon 599 mutation. However, it may be a rare type of mutation in MPMs. Our new assay is useful and can be applied for screening of BRAF codon 599 mutation in various kinds of clinical samples.
    Oncology Reports 03/2004; 11(2):361-3. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mutation of the Kirsten ras (K-ras) gene is one of most common alterations in solid tumors including lung and colorectal cancers. We developed new enriched PCR-RFLP assay to detect mutations of K-ras codon 61 at the 1st and 2nd letters and non-enriched PCR-RFLP assay to detect the 3rd letter mutation. One mutant allele among 10(3) wild-type alleles was detected by enriched PCR-RFLP assay, while one mutant in 10 wild-type alleles was detected by non-enriched PCR-RFLP assay for codon 61 3rd letter. We then examined K-ras codon 12, 13 and 61 mutations in lung and colorectal cancers using these assays. K-ras codon 12 mutation was detected in 10 of 109 (9%) lung cancer and 19 of 83 (23%) colorectal cancer cases. K-ras codon 13 mutation was detected in 2 of 83 (2%) colorectal and 0 of 109 NSCLC cases, respectively. There was no K-ras codon 61 mutation in either type of cancer. Our results demonstrate that enriched PCR-RFLP is a sensitive assay to detect K-ras codon 61 mutation, however, it was extremely rare in lung and colorectal cancers, suggesting organ-specific pathways in mutagenesis of the ras gene family.
    Oncology Reports 09/2003; 10(5):1455-9. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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  • Lung Cancer. 01/2003; 41.