T Stojkovic

Hôpital La Pitié Salpêtrière (Groupe Hospitalier "La Pitié Salpêtrière - Charles Foix"), Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (210)685.72 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Collagen VI-related dystrophies and myopathies (COL6-RD) are a group of disorders that form a wide phenotypic spectrum, ranging from severe Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy (UCMD), intermediate phenotypes, to the milder Bethlem myopathy (BM). Both inter- and intra-familial variable expressivity are commonly observed. We present clinical, immunohistochemical, and genetic data on four COL6-RD families with marked inter-generational phenotypic heterogeneity. This variable expression seemingly masquerades as anticipation is due to parental mosaicism for a dominant mutation, with subsequent full inheritance and penetrance of the mutation in the heterozygous offspring. We also present an additional 5th simplex patient identified as a mosaic carrier. Parental mosaicism was confirmed in the four families through quantitative analysis of the ratio of mutant versus wild-type allele (COL6A1, COL6A2 and COL6A3) in genomic DNA (gDNA) from various tissues; including blood, saliva, and dermal fibroblasts. Consistent with somatic mosaicism, parental samples had lower ratios of mutant versus wild-type allele compared to the fully heterozygote offspring. However, there was notable variability of the mutant allele levels between tissues tested, ranging from 16% (saliva) to 43% (fibroblasts) in one mosaic father. This is the first report demonstrating mosaicism as a cause of intra-familial/inter-generational variability of COL6-RD, and suggests that sporadic and parental mosaicism may be more common than previously suspected.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
    Human Mutation 09/2014; · 5.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diseases due to mutations of POLG gene, encoding the mitochondrial DNA polymerase, are reputed to have very diverse clinical presentations and have been proposed to cause up to 25% adult mitochondrial diseases. Our objective was the evaluation of the specificity and sensitivity of the signs encountered with POLG mutations.
    Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery &amp Psychiatry 08/2014; · 4.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is genetically heterogeneous, with 11 genes identified. Axonal CMT has most frequently been associated with mutations in the MFN2 gene (CMT2A).
    JAMA Neurology 06/2014; · 7.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To clarify the phenotypic spectrum and incidence of TRPV4 mutations in patients with inherited axonal neuropathies. We screened for TRPV4 mutations in 169 French unrelated patients with inherited axonal peripheral neuropathy. Ninety-five patients had dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 2 (CMT2) disease, and 74 patients, including 39 patients with distal hereditary motor neuropathy, 14 with congenital spinal muscular atrophy and arthrogryposis, 13 with CMT2, and 8 with scapuloperoneal spinal muscular atrophy, presented with additional vocal cord paralysis and/or skeletal dysplasia. No deleterious TRPV4 mutation was identified in the 95 patients with "pure" CMT2 (0/95). In contrast, 12 of 74 patients (16%) with neuropathy and vocal cord paralysis and/or skeletal dysplasia presented pathogenic TRPV4 mutations, including 7 patients with distal hereditary motor neuropathy, 2 with scapuloperoneal spinal muscular atrophy, 2 with congenital spinal muscular atrophy and arthrogryposis, and one with CMT2. Investigation of affected relatives allowed us to study 17 patients. All patients had childhood-onset motor neuropathy and showed a variety of associated findings, including foot deformities (100% of cases), kyphoscoliosis (100%), elevated serum creatine kinase levels (100%), vocal cord paralysis (94%), scapular winging (53%), respiratory insufficiency (29%), hearing loss (24%), skeletal dysplasia (18%), and arthrogryposis (12%). Eight missense mutations were observed in these 12 families, including 2 previously unreported. Six mutations were de novo events, and 2 asymptomatic carriers were identified. With 16% of patients affected in our series, this study demonstrates that TRPV4 mutations are a major cause of inherited axonal neuropathy associated with a large spectrum of additional features.
    Neurology 04/2014; · 8.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Congenital disorders of glycosylation are genetic syndromes that result in impaired glycoprotein production. We evaluated patients who had a novel recessive disorder of glycosylation, with a range of clinical manifestations that included hepatopathy, bifid uvula, malignant hyperthermia, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, growth retardation, hypoglycemia, myopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, and cardiac arrest. Homozygosity mapping followed by whole-exome sequencing was used to identify a mutation in the gene for phosphoglucomutase 1 (PGM1) in two siblings. Sequencing identified additional mutations in 15 other families. Phosphoglucomutase 1 enzyme activity was assayed on cell extracts. Analyses of glycosylation efficiency and quantitative studies of sugar metabolites were performed. Galactose supplementation in fibroblast cultures and dietary supplementation in the patients were studied to determine the effect on glycosylation. Phosphoglucomutase 1 enzyme activity was markedly diminished in all patients. Mass spectrometry of transferrin showed a loss of complete N-glycans and the presence of truncated glycans lacking galactose. Fibroblasts supplemented with galactose showed restoration of protein glycosylation and no evidence of glycogen accumulation. Dietary supplementation with galactose in six patients resulted in changes suggestive of clinical improvement. A new screening test showed good discrimination between patients and controls. Phosphoglucomutase 1 deficiency, previously identified as a glycogenosis, is also a congenital disorder of glycosylation. Supplementation with galactose leads to biochemical improvement in indexes of glycosylation in cells and patients, and supplementation with complex carbohydrates stabilizes blood glucose. A new screening test has been developed but has not yet been validated. (Funded by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research and others.).
    New England Journal of Medicine 02/2014; 370(6):533-42. · 51.66 Impact Factor
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    Revue Neurologique 01/2014; · 0.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a prospective multinational study of muscle pathology using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2I (LGMD2I). Thirty eight adult ambulant LGMD2I patients (19 male; 19 female) with genetically identical mutations (c.826C>A) in the fukutin-related protein (FKRP) gene were recruited. In each patient, T1-weighted (T1w) imaging was assessed by qualitative grading for 15 individual lower limb muscles and quantitative Dixon imaging was analysed on 14 individual lower limb muscles by region of interest analysis. We described the pattern and appearance of muscle pathology and gender differences, not previously reported for LGMD2I. Diffuse fat infiltration of the gastrocnemii muscles was demonstrated in females, whereas in males fat infiltration was more prominent in the medial than the lateral gastrocnemius (p = 0.05). In the anterior thigh of males, in contrast to females, median fat infiltration in the vastus medialis muscle (45.7%) exceeded that in the vastus lateralis muscle (11.2%) (p<0.005). MRI is non-invasive, objective and does not rely on patient effort compared to clinical and physical measures that are currently employed. We demonstrated (i) that the quantitative Dixon technique is an objective quantitative marker of disease and (ii) new observations of gender specific patterns of muscle involvement in LGMD2I.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(2):e90377. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Double-seronegative myasthenia gravis (dSN-MG, without detectable AChR and MuSK antibodies) presents a serious gap in MG diagnosis and understanding. Recently, autoantibodies against the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 4 (LRP4) have been identified in several dSN-MG sera, but with dramatic frequency variation (∼2-50%). We have developed a cell based assay (CBA) based on human LRP4 expressing HEK293 cells, for the reliable and efficient detection of LRP4 antibodies. We have screened about 800 MG patient sera from 10 countries for LRP4 antibodies. The overall frequency of LRP4-MG in the dSN-MG group (635 patients) was 18.7% but with variations among different populations (range 7-32.7%). Interestingly, we also identified double positive sera: 8/107 anti-AChR positive and 10/67 anti-MuSK positive sera also had detectable LRP4 antibodies, predominantly originating from only two of the participating groups. No LRP4 antibodies were identified in sera from 56 healthy controls tested, while 4/110 from patients with other neuroimmune diseases were positive. The clinical data, when available, for the LRP4-MG patients were then studied. At disease onset symptoms were mild (81% had MGFA grade I or II), with some identified thymic changes (32% hyperplasia, none with thymoma). On the other hand, double positive patients (AChR/LRP4-MG and MuSK/LRP4-MG) had more severe symptoms at onset compared with any single positive MG subgroup. Contrary to MuSK-MG, 27% of ocular dSN-MG patients were LRP4 antibody positive. Similarly, contrary to MuSK antibodies, which are predominantly of the IgG4 subtype, LRP4 antibodies were predominantly of the IgG1 and IgG2 subtypes. The prevalence was higher in women than in men (female/male ratio 2.5/1), with an average disease onset at ages 33.4 for females and 41.9 for males. Overall, the response of LRP4-MG patients to treatment was similar to published responses of AChR-MG rather than to MuSK-MG patients.
    Journal of Autoimmunity 12/2013; · 8.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: About 40% of responders to treatment for chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) remain treatment dependent and have a relapse if treatment is interrupted. To look for factors associated with treatment dependence or successful withdrawal in CIDP patients. We retrospectively studied 70 responder CIDP patients comprising 34 patients who remained treatment dependent (treatment-dependent group) and 36 patients whose treatment could be discontinued (treatment withdrawal group). Clinical, biological, electrophysiological and therapeutic features were compared between these groups. A multifocal deficit was more frequent in the treatment-dependent group (35%) than in the treatment withdrawal group (8%) (p<0.01). The most frequent effective treatment was intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) for the treatment-dependent group (79%). In this group, more patients were resistant to corticosteroids in first-line therapy (93%) than in the treatment withdrawal group (40%) (p=0.002). The delay to effective treatment was significantly shorter for the treatment withdrawal group than for the treatment-dependent group (mean 11.1 vs 31.2 months; p<0.01). The rate of successful withdrawal was lower with IVIG (29%) than with corticosteroids (83%) (p<0.001). When compared with the treatment withdrawal group, the treatment-dependent group was more frequently responsive to IVIG, more frequently resistant to corticosteroids in first-line treatment, had a longer delay to effective treatment and was more likely to present a multifocal deficit. The rate of successful withdrawal seems to be higher with corticosteroids, but a prospective study with a long-term follow-up is needed to confirm these features.
    Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry 12/2013; · 4.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Heterogeneous clinical presentation and gender differences were reported in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A). This report examined demographic and clinical data collected during a randomised controlled trial, to describe the clinical spectrum of a large and well-defined cohort of CMT1A patients. Among the 189 symptomatic patients screened, three patients (1.6%) reported first symptoms in the upper limbs, which may be misleading when establishing the clinical diagnosis. The quality of life (QoL) of patients was significantly deteriorated compared to the standard population, and slightly better compared to multiple sclerosis patients. According to the literature, patients reported several disorders which may be associated with CMT1A, including auditory dysfunction (7.9%), Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) (7.9%) or sleep apnoea (4.2%). Compared to available data, we reported more patients with CTS and fewer patients with sleep apnoea. Women were more affected by CTS than men (11% and 2.8%, respectively). Women also reported an earlier onset of symptoms than men (8.6±9.5years and 13.1±14years, respectively), higher deterioration of their QoL and higher disability of their upper limb, assessed by Overall Neuropathy Limitation Scale (p=0.023). This information will be useful for better understanding of this disease and for designing future clinical studies.
    Journal of the neurological sciences 10/2013; · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), the mechanisms underlying sudden cardiac death, which occurs in up to 1/3 of patients, are unclear. To study the potential role of Brugada syndrome in ventricular tachyarrhythmias and sudden death in DM1 patients. We screened 914 adult patients included in the DM1 Heart Registry during 2000-2009 for the presence of type 1 Brugada pattern on electrocardiogram (ECG). We also performed direct sequencing of SCN5A in patients with Brugada pattern. Further, we analysed SCN5A splicing on ventricular myocardial specimens harvested during cardiac transplantation in a 45-year-old patient with DM1 and three controls with inherited dilated cardiomyopathy. A type 1 Brugada pattern was present on the ECG of seven of 914 patients (0.8%), including five with a history of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmia or sudden death, who fulfilled the criteria for Brugada syndrome. SCN5A sequencing was normal in all patients. Ventricular myocardial specimen analysis displayed abnormal splicing of SCN5A exon 6, characterized by over-expression of the 'neonatal' isoform, called exon 6A, in the patient with DM1, but not from the controls. Our findings suggest a potential implication of Brugada syndrome in sudden death in DM1, which may be related to missplicing of SCN5A. Our findings provide a new insight into the pathophysiology of heart disease in DM1. Number NCT01136330.
    Archives of cardiovascular diseases 10/2013; · 0.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To provide a detailed phenotypical description of seronegative patients with generalized myasthenia gravis and antibodies to clustered acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) and to assess their frequency amongst a French seronegative generalized myasthenia gravis (SNMG) population. A French SNMG database was created and the sera from the 37 patients included in it were analysed by immunofluorescence of cell-based assays using cotransfection of AChR subunit genes together with rapsyn to densely cluster the AChRs. Sixteen per cent (n = 6) of the SNMG patients were found to have antibodies to clustered AChR. They presented either with early onset MG and thymic hyperplasia, late onset MG and thymic involution, or thymoma associated MG. They responded well to cholinesterase inhibitors and immunosuppressants. Patients with antibodies to clustered AChR account for a significant proportion of SNMG patients and resemble patients with AChR antibodies detected by standard radio-immunoprecipitation.
    European Journal of Neurology 09/2013; · 4.16 Impact Factor
  • B Eymard, A Ferreiro, R Ben Yaou, T Stojkovic
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    ABSTRACT: Muscle diseases may have various clinical manifestations including muscle weakness, atrophy or hypertrophy and joint contractures. A spectrum of non-muscular manifestations (cardiac, respiratory, cutaneous, central and peripheral nervous system…) may be associated. Few of these features are specific. Limb joint contractures or spine rigidity, when prevailing over muscle weakness in ambulant patients, are of high diagnostic value for diagnosis orientation. Within this context, among several disorders, four groups of diseases should systematically come to mind including the collagen VI-related myopathies, the Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophies, the SEPN1 and FHL1 related myopathies. More rarely other genetic or acquired myopathies may present with marked contractures. Diagnostic work-up should include a comprehensive assessment including family history, neurological, cardiologic and respiratory evaluations. Paraclinical investigations should minimally include muscle imaging and electromyography. Muscle and skin biopsies as well as protein and molecular analyses usually help to reach a precise diagnosis. We will first describe the main muscle and neuromuscular junction diseases where contractures are typically a prominent symptom of high diagnostic value for diagnosis orientation. In the following chapters, we will present clues for the diagnostic strategy and the main measures to be taken when, at the end of the diagnostic work-up, no definite muscular disease has been identified.
    Revue Neurologique 09/2013; · 0.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Autosomal recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (AR-CMT) is often characterized by onset in early childhood and severe phenotype compared to the dominant forms. CMT disease associated with periaxin gene (PRX) is rare and characterized by demyelination limited to the major peripheral nerves. Following the discovery of a high frequency of a specific periaxin gene mutation (E1085fsX4 homozygote) in the Reunion Island, we examined all French patients known as carriers of the periaxin gene mutation. There were 24 patients. Eighteen were from the Reunion Island (6 families and 10 sporadic cases). The six remaining patients were in two families, each with two affected individuals, and two sporadic cases. The series included 17 female and seven male patients. Walking was acquired late, on average at 3.4±1.6 years. One patient never learned to walk. The Charcot Marie Tooth Neuropathy Score (CMTNS) averaged 24.5±8.1. Seven patients had been wheelchair-bound since the age of 24±22. Other symptoms were: scoliosis most often observed after the age of 12 years and sometimes complicated by a restrictive respiratory syndrome; foot deformity in 24 patients; strabismus; glaucoma; myopia. When conduction recordings are available, median nerve motor conduction was slow (<10m/s), associated with a major lengthening of distal latencies. Study of the periaxin gene should be considered in patients with severe demyelinating neuropathy associated with early infantile scoliosis. This disease leads to major disability (29% of patients in this series were wheelchair-bound) and to respiratory insufficiency. Genetic counselling is highly recommended for consanguineous families.
    Revue Neurologique 09/2013; · 0.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: FHL1 mutations have been associated with various disorders that include reducing body myopathy (RBM), Emery-Dreifuss-like muscular dystrophy, isolated hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and some overlapping conditions. We report a detailed histochemical, immunohistochemical, electron microscopic, and immunoelectron microscopic analyses of muscle biopsies from 18 patients carrying mutations in FHL1: 14 RBM patients (Group 1), 3 Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy patients (Group 2), and 1 patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and muscular hypertrophy (Group 2). Group 1 muscle biopsies consistently showed RBs associated with cytoplasmic bodies. The RBs showed prominent FHL1 immunoreactivity whereas desmin, αB-crystallin, and myotilin immunoreactivity surrounded RBs. By electron microscopy, RBs were composed of electron-dense tubulofilamentous material that seemed to spread progressively between the myofibrils and around myonuclei. By immunoelectron microscopy, FHL1 protein was found exclusively inside RBs. Group 2 biopsies showed mild dystrophic abnormalities without RBs; only minor nonspecific myofibrillar abnormalities were observed under electron microscopy. Molecular analysis revealed missense mutations in the second FHL1 LIM domain in Group 1 patients and ins/del or missense mutations within the fourth FHL1 LIM domain in Group 2 patients. Our findings expand the morphologic features of RBM, clearly demonstrate the localization of FHL1 in RBs, and further illustrate major morphologic differences among different FHL1-related myopathies.
    Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology. 08/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Context:Phosphoglucomutase type 1 (PGM1) deficiency is a rare metabolic myopathy in which symptoms are provoked by exercise.Objective:Because the metabolic block is proximal to the entry of glucose into the glycolytic pathway, we hypothesized that iv glucose could improve the exercise intolerance experienced by the patient.Design:This was an experimental intervention study.Setting:The study was conducted in an exercise laboratory.Subjects:Subjects were a 37-year-old man with genetically and biochemically verified PGM1 deficiency and 6 healthy subjects.Interventions:Cycle ergometer, peak and submaximal exercise (70% of peak oxygen consumption), and exercise with an iv glucose infusion tests were performed.Main Outcome Measures:Peak work capacity and substrate metabolism during submaximal exercise with and without an iv glucose infusion were measured.Results:Peak work capacity in the patient was normal, as were increases in plasma lactate during peak and submaximal exercise. However, the heart rate decreased 11 beats minute(-1), the peak work rate increased 12.5%, and exercise was rated as being easier with glucose infusion in the patient. These results were in contrast to those in the control group, in whom no improvements occurred. In addition, the patient tended to become hypoglycemic during submaximal exercise.Conclusions:This report characterizes PGM1 deficiency as a mild metabolic myopathy that has dynamic exercise-related symptoms in common with McArdle disease but no second wind phenomenon, thus suggesting that the condition clinically resembles other partial enzymatic defects of glycolysis. However, with glucose infusion, the heart rate decreased 11 beats min(-1), the peak work rate increased 12.5%, and exercise was considered easier by the patient.
    The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism 06/2013; · 6.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Sensory chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) can be difficult to diagnose. Method: We report 22 patients with chronic sensory polyneuropathy with ≥1 clinical sign atypical for chronic idiopathic axonal polyneuropathy (CIAP) but no electrodiagnostic criteria for CIDP. Results: Clinical signs atypical for CIAP were: sensory ataxia (59%), generalized areflexia (36%), cranial nerve involvement (32%), rapid upper limb involvement (40%), and age at onset ≤55 years (50%). Additional features were: normal sensory nerve action potentials (36%), abnormal radial/normal sural pattern (23%), abnormal somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) (100%), elevated CSF protein (73%), and demyelinating features in 5/7 nerve biopsies. Over 90% of patients responded to immunotherapy. We conclude that all patients had sensory CIDP. Discussion: Sensory CIDP patients can be misdiagnosed as having CIAP. If atypical clinical/electrophysiologic features are present, we recommend performing SSEPs and CSF examination. Nerve biopsy should be restricted to disabled patients if other examinations are inconclusive. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Muscle & Nerve 02/2013; · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) are a heterogeneous group of disorders caused by genetic defects affecting neuromuscular transmission and leading to muscle weakness accentuated by exertion. Three different aspects have been investigated by members of the national French CMS Networ: the difficulties in making a proper diagnosis; the course and long-term prognosis; and the response to therapy, especially for CMS that do not respond to cholinesterase inhibitors. CMS diagnosis is late in most cases because of confusion with other entities such as: congenital myopathies, due to the frequent presentation in patients of myopathies such as permanent muscle weakness, atrophy and scoliosis, and the abnormalities of internal structure, diameter and distribution of fibers (type I predominance, type II atrophy) seen on biopsy; seronegative autoimmune myasthenia gravis, when CMS is of late onset; and metabolic myopathy, with the presence of lipidosis in muscle. The long-term prognosis of CMS was studied in a series of 79 patients recruited with the following gene mutations: CHRNA; CHRNE; DOK7; COLQ; RAPSN; AGRN; and MUSK. Disease-course patterns (progressive worsening, exacerbation, stability, improvement) could be variable throughout life in a given patient. DOK7 patients had the most severe disease course with progressive worsening: of the eight wheelchair-bound and ventilated patients, six had mutations of this gene. Pregnancy was a frequent cause of exacerbation. Anticholinesterase agents are the first-line therapy for CMS patients, except for cases of slow-channel CMS, COLQ and DOK7. In our experience, 3,4-DAP was a useful complement for several patients harboring CMS with AChR loss or RAPSN gene mutations. Ephedrine was given to 18 patients (eight DOK7, five COLQ, four AGRN and one RAPSN). Tolerability was good. Therapeutic responses were encouraging even in the most severely affected patients, particularly with DOK7 and COLQ. Salbutamol was a good alternative in one patient who was allergic to ephedrine.
    Revue Neurologique 02/2013; 169 Suppl 1:S45-55. · 0.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Outcome measures for clinical trials in neuromuscular diseases are typically based on physical assessments which are dependent on patient effort, combine the effort of different muscle groups, and may not be sensitive to progression over short trial periods in slow-progressing diseases. We hypothesised that quantitative fat imaging by MRI (Dixon technique) could provide more discriminating quantitative, patient-independent measurements of the progress of muscle fat replacement within individual muscle groups. To determine whether quantitative fat imaging could measure disease progression in a cohort of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2I (LGMD2I) patients over a 12 month period. 32 adult patients (17 male;15 female) from 4 European tertiary referral centres with the homozygous c.826C>A mutation in the fukutin-related protein gene (FKRP) completed baseline and follow up measurements 12 months later. Quantitative fat imaging was performed and muscle fat fraction change was compared with (i) muscle strength and function assessed using standardized physical tests and (ii) standard T1-weighted MRI graded on a 6 point scale. There was a significant increase in muscle fat fraction in 9 of the 14 muscles analyzed using the quantitative MRI technique from baseline to 12 months follow up. Changes were not seen in the conventional longitudinal physical assessments or in qualitative scoring of the T1w images. Quantitative muscle MRI, using the Dixon technique, could be used as an important longitudinal outcome measure to assess muscle pathology and monitor therapeutic efficacy in patients with LGMD2I.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(8):e70993. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neutral lipid storage disease with myopathy (NLSDM) is caused by a mutation in the gene encoding adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL), and is characterized by the presence of numerous triglyceride-containing cytoplasmic droplets in type I muscle fibers. Major clinical manifestations concern the heart and skeletal muscle, and some patients also present diabetes mellitus. We report the clinical, metabolic, and whole-body nuclear magnetic resonance imaging findings of three patients with NLSDM. Muscle MRI study was consistent with previous descriptions, and allowed to show a common pattern of fatty replacement. Muscle changes predominated in the paravertebral muscles, both compartments of legs, and posterior compartment of the thighs. A more variable distribution of muscle involvement was observed on upper limbs, with marked asymmetry in one patient, and alterations predominating on supra and infra spinatus, biceps brachialis and anterior compartment of arms. Cardiac NMR studies revealed anomalies despite normal echocardiography in two patients. Endocrine studies showed low leptin and adiponectine levels, a moderate increase in insulin levels at fasting state, and even greater increase after oral glucose tolerance test in one patient. Two patients had elevated triglycerides and low cholesterol-HDL. Based on these analyses, regular control of cardiometabolic risks appear mandatory in the clinical follow-up of these subjects.
    Molecular Genetics and Metabolism 12/2012; · 2.83 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
685.72 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010–2014
    • Hôpital La Pitié Salpêtrière (Groupe Hospitalier "La Pitié Salpêtrière - Charles Foix")
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
    • Institute of Myology
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2012–2013
    • Pierre and Marie Curie University - Paris 6
      • Institut de myologie
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1999–2012
    • University of Lille Nord de France
      Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
  • 2009–2010
    • Hôpital Universitaire des Enfants Reine Fabiola
      • Department of Neurology
      Bruxelles, Brussels Capital Region, Belgium
    • University of Tunis El Manar
      Tunis-Ville, Tūnis, Tunisia
    • Hôpitaux Universitaires La Pitié salpêtrière - Charles Foix
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2000–2010
    • Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire de Lille
      • • Division of Neurology
      • • Urology Service
      Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
  • 2007
    • Centre Hospitalier de Valenciennes
      Valenciennes, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
  • 2004
    • CHRU de Strasbourg
      Strasburg, Alsace, France
  • 2001–2003
    • Lille Catholic University
      Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France