[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The norepinephrine transporter (NET) has been demonstrated to be relevant to a multitude of neurological, psychiatric and cardiovascular pathologies. Due to the wide range of possible applications for PET imaging of the NET together with the limitations of currently available radioligands, novel PET tracers for imaging of the cerebral NET with improved pharmacological and pharmacodynamic properties are needed.
The present study addresses the radiosynthesis and first preclinical evaluation of the novel NET PET tracer [(11)C]Me@HAPTHI by describing its affinity, selectivity, metabolic stability, plasma free fraction, blood-brain barrier (BBB) penetration and binding behaviour in in vitro autoradiography.
[(11)C]Me@HAPTHI was prepared and displayed outstanding affinity and selectivity as well as excellent in vitro metabolic stability, and it is likely to penetrate the BBB. Moreover, selective NET binding in in vitro autoradiography was observed in human brain and rat heart tissue samples.
All preclinical results and radiosynthetic key-parameters indicate that the novel benzothiadiazole dioxide-based PET tracer [(11)C]Me@HAPTHI is a feasible and improved NET radioligand and might prospectively facilitate clinical NET imaging.
EJNMMI Research 12/2015; 5(1):113. DOI:10.1186/s13550-015-0113-3
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose:
The adenosine A3 receptor (A3R) is involved in cardiovascular, neurological and tumour-related pathologies and serves as an exceptional pharmaceutical target in the clinical setting. A3R antagonists are considered antiinflammatory, antiallergic and anticancer agents, and to have potential for the treatment of asthma, COPD, glaucoma and stroke. Hence, an appropriate A3R PET tracer would be highly beneficial for the diagnosis and therapy monitoring of these diseases. Therefore, in this preclinical in vivo study we evaluated the potential as a PET tracer of the A3R antagonist [(18)F]FE@SUPPY.
Rats were injected with [(18)F]FE@SUPPY for baseline scans and blocking scans (A3R with MRS1523 or FE@SUPPY, P-gp with tariquidar; three animals each). Additionally, metabolism was studied in plasma and brain. In a preliminary experiment in a mouse xenograft model (mice injected with cells expressing the human A3R; three animals), the animals received [(18)F]FE@SUPPY and [(18)F]FDG. Dynamic PET imaging was performed (60 min in rats, 90 min in xenografted mice). In vitro stability of [(18)F]FE@SUPPY in human and rat plasma was also evaluated.
[(18)F]FE@SUPPY showed high uptake in fat-rich regions and low uptake in the brain. Pretreatment with MRS1523 led to a decrease in [(18)F]FE@SUPPY uptake (p = 0.03), and pretreatment with the P-gp inhibitor tariquidar led to a 1.24-fold increase in [(18)F]FE@SUPPY uptake (p = 0.09) in rat brain. There was no significant difference in metabolites in plasma and brain in the treatment groups. However, plasma concentrations of [(18)F]FE@SUPPY were reduced to levels similar to those in rat brain after blocking. In contrast to [(18)F]FDG uptake (p = 0.12), the xenograft model showed significantly increased uptake of [(18)F]FE@SUPPY in the tissue masses from CHO cells expressing the human A3R (p = 0.03). [(18)F]FE@SUPPY was stable in human plasma.
Selective and significant tracer uptake of [(18)F]FE@SUPPY was found in xenografted mice injected with cells expressing human A3R. This finding supports the strategy of evaluating [(18)F]FE@SUPPY in "humanized animal models". In conclusion, preclinical evaluation points to the suitability of [(18)F]FE@SUPPY as an A3R PET tracer in humans.
European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging 01/2015; 42(5). DOI:10.1007/s00259-014-2976-3 · 5.38 Impact Factor