[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: The current markers of disease activity in Takayasu arteritis (TA) are insufficient for proper assessment. We investigated circulating levels of unacylated and acylated ghrelin, leptin and adiponectin and their relationships with disease activity in patients with TA. METHODS: This study included 31 patients with TA and 32 sex-, age- and body mass index-matched healthy controls. Disease activity was assessed in TA patients using various tools, including Kerr's criteria, disease extent index-Takayasu, physician's global assessment, radiological parameters, and laboratory markers. Plasma unacylated and acylated ghrelin, and serum leptin and adiponectin levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Unacylated and acylated ghrelin levels were found to be significantly lower in TA patients than that in healthy controls. Patients with active disease had lower unacylated ghrelin levels than those with inactive disease and had lower acylated ghrelin levels than healthy controls. Ghrelin levels were negatively correlated with various parameters of disease activity. The leptin/ghrelin ratio was significantly higher in TA patients than controls. It was positively correlated with disease activity. There was a positive correlation between unacylated and acylated ghrelin and a negative correlation between leptin and ghrelin. There was no statistical difference in adiponectin levels between TA patients and controls. The radiological activity markers were positively correlated with other parameters of disease activity. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that plasma unacylated and acylated ghrelin levels may be useful in monitoring disease activity and planning treatment strategies for patients with TA. The serum leptin level and leptin/ghrelin ratio may also be used to help assess the disease activity.
Arthritis research & therapy 12/2012; 14(6):R272. · 4.27 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who have inflammatory back pain (IBP) and meet the existing classification criteria for ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and spondyloarthritis (SpA). We included 167 patients fulfilling the ACR 1987 revised criteria for RA. After obtaining a medical history and performing a physical examination, standard pelvic X-rays for examination of the sacroiliac joints (SIJ) were ordered in all patients. A computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of SIJ was performed in patients with suspected radiographic sacroiliitis and MRI of SIJ in those who have IBP but no radiographic sacroiliitis. IBP was defined according to both Calin and experts' criteria. The modified New York (mNY) criteria were used to classify AS, both ESSG and Amor criteria for SpA and ASAS classification criteria for axial SpA. There were 135 female and 32 male patients with a mean age of 54.8 years. The mean disease duration was 9.8 years. RF was positive in 128 patients (79.2 %) and anti-CCP in 120 patients (81.1 %). Twenty-eight patients with RA (16.8 %) had IBP (Calin criteria), and four (2.4 %) had radiographic sacroiliitis of bilateral grade 3. Three patients (1.8 %) fulfilled the mNY criteria for AS, 31 (18.6 %) ESSG and 26 (15.6 %) Amor criteria for SpA. Nine patients (five with MRI sacroiliitis) (5.3 %) were classified as having axial SpA according to new ASAS classification criteria. This study suggests that the prevalence of SpA features in patients with RA may be much higher than expected.
Rheumatology International 11/2012; · 2.21 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess whether there is a statistically significant difference in the frequency of common MEFV allele variants in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) as compared with control patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and with healthy control subjects.
Sixty-two patients with AS, 50 healthy control subjects, and 46 patients with RA were assessed for the presence of MEFV variants. Exon 10 was analyzed by direct sequencing. E148Q was analyzed by restriction endonuclease enzyme digestion (REED) or by direct sequencing when REED analysis failed.
The allele frequency of all MEFV variants in the AS group was significantly higher than that in the pooled control group of healthy subjects plus RA patients (15.3% versus 6.8%; P = 0.021). M694V was the only variant that was significantly more common in the AS group than in the combined or individual control groups (P = 0.026 for AS patients versus healthy controls, P = 0.046 for AS patients versus RA patient controls, and P = 0.008 for AS patients versus healthy and RA patient control groups). The carriage rate of M694V was also significantly higher in the AS patient group than in the combined control group (odds ratio 7.0, P = 0.014). Neither M694V nor any other MEFV variant showed a correlation with most of the disease-related measures examined.
We found an increased frequency of MEFV variants in AS patients as compared with healthy controls and with RA patient controls. This was primarily due to the presence of M694V. The roles of other exon 10 variants, as well as the relationship between the variant status and the severity and clinical course of the disease, need to be explored in further studies that include sufficiently large sample sizes.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is an inflammatory disease that presents with a variety of clinical symptoms. Pulmonary involvement is well-known in AOSD and is seen in up to 53% of AOSD cases, with the most common pulmonary diseases being pleural effusion and transient pulmonary infiltrates. We present the first case of chronic AOSD complicated with diffuse alveolar hemorrhage during the acute flare of the disease.
Journal of Korean medical science 03/2009; 24(1):155-7. · 0.84 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of hyperuricemia and its associated factors in an urban area of Izmir, located in western Turkey. Our study group was selected by computerized sampling from the participants of a larger population-based study searching for the prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis in Balcova and Narlidere districts of Izmir. A total of 132 subjects (69 women and 63 men) were included in this study. Serum uric acid, glucose, creatinine and lipid levels were studied. Body composition along with body fat percentage was determined anthropometrically. A total of 16 subjects had hyperuricemia (4 women and 12 men). The overall prevalence of hyperuricemia was 12.1% and the mean uric acid level was 4.9 +/- 1.3 mg/dl. Males had significantly higher uric acid levels than females (P < 0.05; 5.5 +/- 1.3 vs. 4.3 +/- 1.1 mg/dl, respectively). The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome was 24.4, 5.3, 28 and 26.5%, respectively. There was no gouty subject. Sum of skinfold thickness (SFT) measurements and creatinine levels were the independent predictors of hyperuricemia (beta = 0.45, 0.47, respectively). Uric acid measurement is important not only for inflammatory rheumatic disorders but also for predicting metabolic syndrome and related coronary artery disease. There is sex difference in uric acid levels in favor of women most probably explained by gonadal hormones. Hyperuricemia is significantly predicted by anthropometric measure of SFT which is a simple clinical screening method along with creatinine levels.
Rheumatology International 01/2009; 29(8):869-74. · 2.21 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rheumatic manifestations are the most common extraintestinal findings of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), although there are wide variations among different studies. The only previous Turkish study reported a rather high prevalence of spondyloarthritis (SpA) in patients with IBD. We aimed to determine the frequency of SpA and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in patients with IBD attending a gastroenterology clinic from a referral centre. The study was conducted in 122 patients with established diagnosis of IBD [28 with Crohn's disease (CD) and 94 with ulcerative colitis (UC)]. A detailed medical history was obtained and a complete physical examination was performed in all the patients. Standard pelvic X-rays for examination of the sacroiliac joints were performed only when clinically indicated. The X-rays were read blindly by an experienced rheumatologist and reported according to the established grading system. The modified New York criteria were used to classify AS, and the European Spondyloarthropathy Study Group criteria for SpA. The prevalence of AS and SpA in patients with IBD was 8.2 and 28.7%, respectively. SpA was found to be significantly more common in the patients with CD compared to patients with UC, but the frequency of AS was not different between these two groups. There was no correlation between localisation or extent of the intestinal inflammation and presence of AS and SpA. A higher frequency of women was observed in patients diagnosed as SpA. Almost half of the patients with SpA (45.7%) had not been diagnosed before the study, although they had a history of IBP and/or peripheral arthritis. This study suggests that the prevalences of SpA and AS in Turkish patients with IBD are similar to those in many other populations. There may be a significant female predominance of SpA among patients with IBD.
Rheumatology International 01/2009; 29(8):955-7. · 2.21 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective is to report a case of atypical acute infectious mononucleosis in a juvenile ankylosing spondylitis patient who was treated with infliximab. A 20-year-old man was hospitalized for the evaluation of lymphadenopathy and systemic symptoms. His symptoms developed at the eighth week of the infliximab treatment and he required hospitalization. Lymph node biopsy was performed and he was diagnosed as atypical infectious mononucleosis (absence of fever, pharyngitis, lymphocytosis and negative atypical lymphocytosis on blood smear). Infections have become major concerns in patients treated with TNF-blocking agents. In theoretical base, it is not surprising as TNF-alpha has a crucial role in the body's defense against both bacterial and viral invasion. Blocking the action of TNF may also change the course of the disease and could lead to a delay in the diagnosis. TNF-alpha-blocking treatment may mask the typical symptoms of infectious mononucleosis and atypical cases should be included in the differential diagnosis of lymphadenopathy in patients receiving anti-TNF-alpha agents.
Rheumatology International 12/2008; 29(7):825-6. · 2.21 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha inhibitors are effective in the treatment of inflammatory rheumatic diseases. Despite their effectiveness, anti-TNF drugs have some drawbacks such as severe adverse effects including infections and possibly lymphoproliferative disorders. In this report we described a case of juvenile idiopathic arthritis patient who developed thymic enlargement (true thymic hyperplasia), mediastinal lymphadenopathy and pleurisy associated with systemic symptoms under Etanercept treatment. The clinical presentation was highly suggestive of malignancy and the patient underwent diagnostic mediastinoscopy with biopsy.
Rheumatology International 10/2008; 29(5):591-3. · 2.21 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate systolic and diastolic ventricular functions, aortic elastic properties and the presence of pericardial effusion in familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) patients.
A case-controlled, cross-sectional study was performed on 44 FMF patients and 27 controls. Subjects with hypertension, diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia were excluded. Left and right ventricular functions were measured using echocardiography including two-dimensional, M-mode, and conventional Doppler as well as pulsed wave tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). Aortic elasticity was analyzed using M-mode tracing guided by the two-dimensional echocardiography. Statistical analysis was performed using Mann Whitney U, Spearman rho correlation and Fisher's exact tests.
Age, sex, body mass index, smoking status and lipids were comparable in patients and controls (p>0.05). None of the subjects had pericarditis and/or pericardial effusion. Aortic wall properties were similar between groups (p>0.05). The TDI parameters of mitral lateral annulus revealed significantly lower Em/Am ratios in patients compared to controls [1.77 (0.6-3.4) vs. 1.79 (0.9-4.8), p=0.02]. Mitral flow propagation velocity was significantly lower in patients than healthy subjects [63 (39-100) vs. 74 (40-94) cm/s, p=0.008]. Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) was significantly reduced in FMF group than in controls [2 (1.3-2.5) vs. 2.5 (1.7-3.2) cm; p<0.001]. Eight of the patients and one control had impaired TAPSE (<2 cm; p=0.025). There was no difference regarding right ventricular diastolic dysfunction (RVDD) as assessed by using standard Doppler echocardiography (p>0.05). However, pronounced RVDD was observed in FMF patients documented by TDI (Em/Am<1; 19 patients vs. 0 controls, p<0.001).
Subclinical myocardial involvement is present in a cohort of relatively young FMF patients who were also free of classical cardiovascular risk factors. Pericardium and aorta seem to be spared during attack free periods of FMF.
Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology 08/2008; 8(4):271-8. · 0.72 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aims of the study were to assess the health-related quality of life (QOL) in patients with Takayasu's arteritis (TA) by two different generic QOL instruments and to compare the results with those patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and healthy controls (HC). A cross-sectional study was performed in 51 patients with TA (41 women; mean age 38.4 +/- 13.5), 43 RA (36 women; 55.2 +/- 9.6), 31 AS (12 women; 41.2 +/- 13.1), and 75 HC (53 women; 38.8 +/- 10.9). Quality of life was assessed by using Short-Form 36 (SF-36) and Nottingham Health Profile (NHP). Separate dimensions of SF-36 and NHP and physical and mental summary scores of SF-36 as well were compared between patients and control groups. Physical and mental health summary scores and all SF-36 subscales, except for social functioning, were significantly lower in patients with TA than healthy controls. No significant differences between TA, RA, and AS patients were found in all SF-36 subscales and summary scores. NHP scores for energy level, pain, emotional reactions, and physical mobility were significantly higher in TA patients than controls. All NHP subscales, except for pain, were comparable in patients with TA, RA, and AS. Pain score was worse in RA patients. The NHP scores for sleep and social isolation were not different between patients and controls. Many aspects of QOL in patients with TA are significantly impaired in comparison with local healthy controls and similar to those in patients with RA and AS.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) inhibitors are effective in the treatment of various inflammatory rheumatic conditions. Increased risks of serious infections are the major issues concerning the long-term safety of these agents. We present a case of a young male Behcet's patient whose disease was complicated by cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis. Colitis started 10 d after the third Infliximab dose and responded to the cessation of TNF blocking treatment and administration of ganciclovir. Tumor necrosis factor alpha and interferon gamma act at several levels in combating viral infections. CMV infections should be kept in mind and included in the differential diagnosis of severe gastrointestinal symptoms in patients receiving anti-TNF agents.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 06/2008; 14(18):2912-4. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the prevalence of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and related spondyloarthritides (SpA) in an adult urban population of Izmir, Turkey.
A survey was conducted of 2887 subjects aged 20 years or over, selected by cluster sampling. Those who responded positively to the screening questions were contacted by 2 rheumatologists and evaluated in detail to establish presence of AS (modified New York criteria) or related SpA (ESSG criteria).
In the initial screening, 2835 subjects participated; 422 were considered screening-positive and a telephone interview was done with 328 (78%). Based on their clinical history, 145 subjects were invited to the hospital and 120 (83%) agreed to do so. After detailed evaluation, 31 subjects were classified as having SpA (including 14 with AS). The age- and sex-adjusted prevalence was estimated to be 0.49% for AS (95% CI 0.26-0.85), and 1.05% for SpA (95% CI 0.70-1.50). The prevalence of AS was 0.54% in men (95% CI 0.19-1.20) and 0.44% in women (95% CI 0.19-0.88), and that of SpA was 0.88% in men (95% CI 0.42-1.59) and 1.22% in women (95% CI 0.73-1.89).
This epidemiological study suggests a high prevalence (0.49%) of AS in an adult urban population from western Turkey, which equals that of rheumatoid arthritis in the same population. The overall prevalence of SpA, including AS, was 1.05%. A minimal male predominance was noted among AS patients, which disappeared among the whole group of patients with SpA.
The Journal of Rheumatology 03/2008; 35(2):305-9. · 3.26 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Systemic inflammation plays an important role in the development of atherosclerosis (AS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of early AS in patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) that is characterized by recurrent inflammatory attacks of serositis. Sixty-one FMF patients (30 Male/31 Female; 31.5 [18-54] years) and 31 healthy controls (16 Male/15 Female; 31 [22-58] years) were studied. All FMF patients were on regular daily colchicine treatment and during attack-free periods. Both the FMF patients and controls with a history of diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension, and hyperlipidemia were excluded. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Serum lipids, C-reactive protein (CRP), and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) were assessed. Two-hour oral glucose tolerance test was performed to rule out DM and glucose intolerance. To investigate early AS "endothelium-dependent flow-mediated dilatation (FMD%)," "nitroglycerin-induced endothelium-independent peripheral vasodilatation (NTG%)," and intima-media thickness (IMT) of common carotid arteries (CCA) were measured by ultrasonograpy. The median disease duration for FMF patients was 16 (1-45) years. Age, sex, BMI, smoking status, and serum lipids were comparable in patients and controls (p > 0.05). However, ESR and standard CRP were significantly higher in the patients group (p < 0.05). There were no differences in the measurements of right, left, and averaged IMT of CCA between patients and controls ([0.49 vs 0.5], [0.51 vs 0.52] and [0.5 vs 0.51]; p > 0.05, respectively). None of the subjects had carotid artery plaques. FMD% and NTG% were also similar in patients and controls group ([18.2 vs 20.6] and [24.2 vs 22.5]; p > 0.05, respectively). This study suggests that the markers of early AS are not impaired in FMF patients on regular daily colchicine treatment.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of chronic inflammation on insulin resistance, serum leptin levels, and body composition (BC) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and healthy controls. Twenty-eight AS patients and 17 healthy controls were included in this study. Subjects with hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and obesity were excluded. Acute phase reactants and serum levels of glucose, insulin, lipids, and leptin were studied. BC was determined anthropometrically and by foot-to-foot body fat analyzer (BIA, bioelectrical impedance analysis). Quantitative insulin-sensitivity check index, homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance, and McAuley indices were calculated. Spinal mobility was assessed by the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMI). Patients were also evaluated with the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index and the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index. Age, sex distribution, smoking status, serum lipids, insulin concentrations, and insulin resistance indices were comparable between AS patients and controls (p > 0.05). However, acute phase reactants were significantly higher and leptin levels were significantly lower in the AS patients than in controls (p < 0.05). Fat percent assessed by both BIA and anthropometrical methods was lower in the male and female AS patients than in controls, and this reduced fat level reached statistical significance for men (p < 0.05). There were significant correlations between percent body fat, body mass index, leptin, age, and BASMI (p < 0.05; r = 0.6, 0.75, 0.35, -0.41, respectively). On the other hand, body fat percent, waist-to-hip ratio, C-reactive protein, and BASMI were significantly correlated with serum leptin levels (p < 0.05; r = 0.75, -0.42, -0.52, -0.47, respectively). Chronic inflammatory condition in AS may be responsible for the reduced body fat content and lower circulating leptin concentrations. Insulin levels and insulin resistance indices seem similar in patients and controls in the absence of classic vascular risk factors.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The postinfectious irritable bowel syndrome (PI-IBS) frequently follows bacterial infections. Since people suffering from PI-IBS and Trichinella spiralis-infected mice develop similar findings, this animal model has been successfully used for PI-IBS studies; however, IBS has never been studied in humans after trichinellosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the IBS symptoms in people who had acquired trichinellosis.
A large outbreak of trichinellosis caused by Trichinella britovi occurred in Izmir, Turkey, in 2003-2004. The diagnosis of trichinellosis was confirmed by serology and muscle biopsy. After clinical and laboratory evaluations, 72 patients (38 women, 34 men, mean age 33.2 +/- 10.4 yr) with trichinellosis without preexisting IBS were enrolled in the study. Noninfected people (N=27) were used as control group. A questionnaire was developed to assess symptoms of IBS and alarm symptoms. The first interview was done face-to-face. After 2, 4, and 6 months of the first interview, the questionnaire was readministered to the patients without any information on the occurrence of a previous trichinellosis syndrome, while it was applied after a year only to the patients who had suffered IBS symptoms according to at least one of the previous interviews.
According to Rome II criteria, PI-IBS developed in 10 of 72 (13.9%) people with confirmed trichinellosis, who had no preexisting IBS. The rate of PI-IBS was 13.9% and 13.9% at the 4th and 6th months, respectively. The symptoms of PI-IBS persisted in five of them up to 1 yr. People without trichinellosis did not develop any IBS symptoms.
This is the first report of the development of PI-IBS after T. britovi. Consequently, IBS can be considered as a secondary syndrome induced by trichinellosis.
The American Journal of Gastroenterology 06/2007; 102(5):1064-9. · 7.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We describe a patient with rheumatoid arthritis who developed psoriasis during treatment with etanercept; psoriatic lesions resolved completely after the drug was discontinued, but returned on rechallenge. No such adverse skin reaction occurred after switching therapy to infliximab. Through a Medline search we identified 11 reports involving 32 patients who developed psoriasis/psoriasiform eruptions during therapy with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) inhibitors. All TNF-alpha blocking agents have been reported to lead to or exacerbate psoriasis. In some cases skin changes were severe enough to discontinue the medication.
The Journal of Rheumatology 08/2006; 33(7):1411-4. · 3.26 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A patient with end-stage renal disease presented with reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome (RSDS) on her left hand 1 month after arteriovenous fistula (AVF) surgery. Magnetic resonance angiography revealed steal syndrome at the AVF level. Bone scintigraphy revealed early-stage RSDS. We considered that arterial insufficiency because of steal phenomenon following AVF surgery and underlying occlusive arterial disease triggered RSDS development.
Hemodialysis International 11/2005; 9(4):344-8. · 1.44 Impact Factor