Seon-Won Kim

Konkuk University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (60)167.53 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Nanofibrous membrane (NFM) with uniform morphology and large surface area was prepared from 10% solution of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) in N,N-dimethylformamide by electrospinning technique. NFM was chemically modified for use as a support for the immobilization of glucose oxidase. Chemical modification of NFM was carried out by two different methods. In the first method, the cyano groups of PAN were modified to amino groups by a two-step process, while in the second method the carboxylic groups were generated first and then further reacted with hexamethylene diamine to create a reactive spacer arm for the immobilization of enzyme. Scanning electron microscopy studies showed that the surface morphology of NFM was not changed by chemical modification and its mechanical strength was improved. The immobilized glucose oxidase (GOx) retained 54 and 60% of its original activity up to 25 cycles with the PAN NFMs modified by the first and the second method, respectively. The GOx-immobilized NFM from the second method showed promising performance with higher enzyme immobilization, activity retention, and favorable kinetic parameters.
    Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology 01/2015; 11(1). · 7.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cel5 from marine Hahella chejuensis is composed of glycoside hydrolase family-5 (GH5) catalytic domain (CD) and two carbohydrate binding modules (CBM6-2). The enzyme was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. The optimum endoglucanase and xylanase activities of recombinant Cel5 were observed at 65 °C, pH 6.5 and 55 °C, pH 5.5, respectively. It exhibited K m of 1.8 and 7.1 mg/ml for carboxymethyl cellulose and birchwood xylan, respectively. The addition of Ca(2+) greatly improved thermostability and endoglucanase activity of Cel5. The Cel5 retained 90 % of its endoglucanase activity after 24 h incubation in presence of 5 M concentration of NaCl. Recombinant Cel5 showed production of cellobiose after hydrolysis of cellulosic substrates (soluble/insoluble) and methylglucuronic acid substituted xylooligosaccharides after hydrolysis of glucuronoxylans by endo-wise cleavage. These results indicated that Cel5 as bifunctional enzyme having both processive endoglucanase and xylanase activities. The multidomain structure of Cel5 is clearly distinguished from the GH5 bifunctional glycoside hydrolases characterized to date, which are single domain enzymes. Sequence analysis and homology modeling suggested presence of two conserved binding sites with different substrate specificities in CBM6-2 and a single catalytic site in CD. Residues Glu132 and Glu219 were identified as key catalytic amino acids by sequence alignment and further verified by using site directed mutagenesis. CBM6-2 plays vital role in catalytic activity and thermostability of Cel5. The bifunctional activities and multiple substrate specificities of Cel5 can be utilized for efficient hydrolysis of cellulose and hemicellulose into soluble sugars.
    Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 12/2013; · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Geraniol, a monoterpene alcohol, has versatile applications in the fragrance industry, pharmacy and agrochemistry. Moreover, geraniol could be an ideal gasoline alternative. In this study, recombinant overexpression of geranyl diphosphate synthase and the bottom portion of a foreign mevalonate pathway in Escherichia coli MG1655 produced 13.3mg/L of geraniol. Introduction of Ocimum basilicum geraniol synthase increased geraniol production to 105.2mg/L. However, geraniol production encountered a loss from its endogenous dehydrogenization and isomerization into other geranoids (nerol, neral and geranial). Three E. coli enzymes (YjgB, YahK and YddN) were identified with high sequence identity to plant geraniol dehydrogenases. YjgB was demonstrated to be the major one responsible for geraniol dehydrogenization. Deletion of yjgB increased geraniol production to 129.7mg/L. Introduction of the whole mevalonate pathway for enhanced building block synthesis from endogenously synthesized mevalonate improved geraniol production up to 182.5mg/L in the yjgB mutant after 48h of culture, which was a double of that obtained in the wild type control (96.5mg/L). Our strategy for improving geraniol production in engineered E. coli should be generalizable for addressing similar problems during metabolic engineering.
    Journal of Biotechnology 11/2013; · 3.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A recombinant aldo-keto reductase (AKR) from Marivirga tractuosa was purified with a specific activity of 0.32unitml(-1) for all-trans-retinal with a 72kDa dimer. The enzyme had substrate specificity for aldehydes but not for alcohols, carbonyls, or monosaccharides. The enzyme turnover was the highest for benzaldehyde (kcat=446min(-1)), whereas the affinity and catalytic efficiency were the highest for all-trans-retinal (Km=48μM, kcat/Km=427mM(-1)min(-1)) among the tested substrates. The optimal reaction conditions for the production of all-trans-retinol from all-trans-retinal by M. tractuosa AKR were pH 7.5, 30°C, % (v/v) methanol, 1% (w/v) hydroquinone, 10mM NADPH, 1710mgml(-1) all-trans-retinal, and 3unitml(-1) enzyme. Under these optimized conditions, the enzyme produced 1090mgml(-1) all-trans-retinol,with a conversion yield of 64% (w/w) and a volumetric productivity of 818mgml(-1)h(-1). AKR from M. tractuosa showed no activity for all-trans-retinol using NADP(+) as a cofactor, whereas human AKR exhibited activity. When the cofactor-binding residues (Ala158, Lys212, and Gln270) of M. tractuosa AKR were changed to the corresponding residues of human AKR (Ser160, Pro212, and Glu272), the A158S and Q270E variants exhibited activity for all-trans-retinol. Thus, amino acids at positions 158 and 270 of M. tractuosa AKR are determinant residues of the activity for all-trans-retinol.
    Journal of Biotechnology 11/2013; · 3.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To prevent degradation of intracellular retinoids through in situ extraction from the cells, a two-phase culture system was performed. Several organic solvents, including n-alkanes, mineral oils and cosmetic raw materials, were applied as the extraction phase. Of the n-alkanes, n-decane had the highest retinoid production as 134 mg/l after 72 h. For mineral oil, light and heavy mineral oil gave retinoid productions of 158 and 174 mg/l after 96 h, respectively. Of other materials, isopropyl myristate gave the highest retinoid production of 181 mg/l. These results indicate that many types of oils can be applied for retinoid production, and optimization of the in situ extraction process will lead to further improve of economical production for the industrial purpose.
    Biotechnology Letters 10/2013; · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Geraniol is an important industrial material and a potential candidate of advanced biofuels. One challenge of microbial geraniol production is the toxicity to hosts. However, the poor understanding on geraniol tolerance mechanism is an obstacle for developing geraniol tolerant host. This study genome-widely screened a shot-gun DNA library of E. coli and found that recA is able to confer geraniol tolerance in E. coli. The recA knockout mutant was found extremely sensitive to geraniol. Based on our data, it was deciphered that recA provided tolerance through SOS response network responding to DNA damage caused by geraniol. RecA-mediated SOS response activates the homologous recombinational repair by RecB and RecN for corrective DNA maintenance. This protection mechanism suggests an effective strategy to combat geraniol toxicity in E. coli.
    Journal of Biotechnology 07/2013; · 3.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A newly isolated bacterium, designated as Klebsiella oxytoca M1, produced 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BDO) or acetoin selectively as a major product depending on temperature in a defined medium. K. oxytoca M1 produced 2,3-BDO mainly (0.32~0.34 g/g glucose) at 30 °C while acetoin was a major product (0.32~0.38 g/g glucose) at 37 °C. To investigate factors affecting product profiles according to temperature, the expression level of acetoin reductase (AR) that catalyzes the conversion of acetoin to 2,3-BDO was analyzed using crude protein extracted from K. oxytoca M1 grown at 30 and 37 °C. The AR expression at 37 °C was 12.8-fold lower than that at 30 °C at the stationary phase and reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) analysis of the budC (encoding AR) was also in agreement with the AR expression results. When AR was overexpressed using K. oxytoca M1 harboring pUC18CM-budC, 2,3-BDO became a major product at 37 °C, indicating that the AR expression level was a key factor determining the major product of K. oxytoca M1 at 37 °C. The results in this study demonstrate the feasibility of using K. oxytoca M1 for the production of not only 2,3-BDO but also acetoin as a major product.
    Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 06/2013; · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: FAD-dependent glucose dehydrogenase (FAD-GDH) of Burkholderia cepacia was successfully expressed in Escherichia coli and subsequently purified in order to use it as an anode catalyst for enzyme fuel cells. The purified enzyme has a low Km value (high affinity) towards glucose, which is 463.8 μM, up to 2-fold exponential range lower compared to glucose oxidase. The heterogeneous electron transfer coefficient (Ks) of FAD-GDH-menadione on a glassy carbon electrode was 10.73 s(-1), which is 3-fold higher than that of GOX-menadione, 3.68 s(-1). FAD-GDH was able to maintain its native glucose affinity during immobilization in the carbon nanotube and operation of enzyme fuel cells. FAD-GDH-menadione showed 3-fold higher power density, 799.4 ± 51.44 μW cm(-2), than the GOX-menadione system, 308.03 ± 17.93 μW cm(-2), under low glucose concentration, 5 mM, which is the concentration in normal physiological fluid.
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 05/2013; · 3.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Production of Z-type farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) has not been reported in E. coli. Here we present the fusion enzyme (ILRv) of E. coli E,E-FPP synthase (IspA) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis Z,E-FPP synthase (Rv1086), which can produce primarily Z,E-FPP rather than E,E-FPP, the predominant stereoisomer found in most organisms. Z,E-farnesol (FOH) was produced from E. coli harboring the bottom portion of the MVA pathway and the fusion FPP synthase (ILRv) at a titer of 115.6mg/L in 2YT medium containing 1% (v/v) glycerol as a carbon source and 5mM mevalonate. The Z,E-FOH production was improved by 15-fold, compared with 7.7mg/L obtained from the co-overexpression of separate IspA and Rv1086. The Z,E-FPP was not metabolized in native metabolic pathways of E. coli. It would be of interest to produce Z,E-FPP derived sesquiterpenes from recombinant E. coli due to no loss of Z,E-FPP substrate in endogenous metabolism of the host strain.
    Metabolic Engineering 04/2013; · 6.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cel5A, an endoglucanase, was derived from the metagenomic library of vermicompost. The deduced amino acid sequence of Cel5A shows high sequence homology with family-5 glycoside hydrolases, which contain a single catalytic domain but no distinct cellulose-binding domain. Random mutagenesis and cellulose-binding module (CBM) fusion approaches were successfully applied to obtain properties required for cellulose hydrolysis. After two rounds of error-prone PCR and screening of 3,000 mutants, amino acid substitutions were identified at various positions in thermotolerant mutants. The most heat-tolerant mutant, Cel5A_2R2, showed a 7-fold increase in thermostability. To enhance the affinity and hydrolytic activity of Cel5A on cellulose substrates, the family-6 CBM from Saccharophagus degradans was fused to the C-terminus of the Cel5A_2R2 mutant using overlap PCR. The Cel5A_2R2-CBM6 fusion protein showed 7-fold higher activity than the native Cel5A on Avicel and filter paper. Cellobiose was a major product obtained from the hydrolysis of cellulosic substrates by the fusion enzyme, which was identified by using thin layer chromatography analysis.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(6):e65727. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Improvement of a microorganism's tolerance against organic solvents is required for a microbial factory producing terpenoid based biofuels. The bacterial genes, marA, imp, cls and cti have been found to increase organic solvent tolerance. Thus, the tolerance against the following terpenoids (isopentenol, geraniol, myrcene, and farnesol) was studied with overexpression of marA, imp, cls and cti genes in Escherichia coli. The marA overexpression significantly enhanced the tolerance of E. coli against geraniol, whereas there was no tolerance improvement against the terpenoids by overexpression of cls and cti genes. The imp overexpression even yielded sensitive phenotype to the tested solvents. The colony forming efficiency of the marA overexpressing E. coli was increased by 10(4)-fold in plate overlay of geraniol compared to that of wild type E. coli and a two-fold decrease of intracellular geraniol accumulation was also observed in liquid culture of geraniol. Single knock-out mutations of marA, or one of the following genes (acrA, acrB and tolC) encoding AcrAB-TolC efflux pump made E. coli hypersensitive to geraniol. The geraniol tolerance conferred by marA overexpression was attributed to the AcrAB-TolC efflux pump that is activated by MarA.
    Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering 11/2012; · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Escherichia coli DH5α strain was selected as the recombinant host, and a chemically defined medium supplemented with amino acids was used instead of a complex medium for the efficient production of β-carotene. In a fed-batch culture using glycerol with a chemically defined medium supplemented with amino acids, the concentration, specific content, and productivity of β-carotene were 2,470 mg/l, 72 mg/g cells, and 77 mg/l h after 32 h, respectively. These values were, respectively, 43, 33, and 26 % higher than those obtained using the complex medium. This is the highest β-carotene production that has been reported among the recombinant cells to date.
    Biotechnology Letters 10/2012; · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ripe fruit of Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng, known as gac, is featured by very high carotenoid content. Although this plant might be a good resource for carotenoid metabolic engineering, so far, the genes involved in the carotenoid metabolic pathways in gac were unidentified due to lack of genomic information in the public database. In order to expedite the process of gene discovery, we have undertaken Illumina deep sequencing of mRNA prepared from aril of gac fruit. From 51,446,670 high-quality reads, we obtained 81,404 assembled unigenes with average length of 388 base pairs. At the protein level, gac aril transcripts showed about 81.5% similarity with cucumber proteomes. In addition 17,104 unigenes have been assigned to specific metabolic pathways in Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes, and all of known enzymes involved in terpenoid backbones biosynthetic and carotenoid biosynthetic pathways were also identified in our library. To analyze the relationship between putative carotenoid biosynthesis genes and alteration of carotenoid content during fruit ripening, digital gene expression analysis was performed on three different ripening stages of aril. This study has revealed putative phytoene synthase, 15-cis-phytone desaturase, zeta-carotene desaturase, carotenoid isomerase and lycopene epsilon cyclase might be key factors for controlling carotenoid contents during aril ripening. Taken together, this study has also made availability of a large gene database. This unique information for gac gene discovery would be helpful to facilitate functional studies for improving carotenoid quantities.
    Plant Molecular Biology 05/2012; 79(4-5):413-27. · 3.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Escherichia coli has been engineered to produce a variety of biofuel and biorefinery products. However, it can only produce these products from simple sugars, requiring large amounts of enzymes to depolymerize cellulose into monomer sugars. Engineering E. coli to directly use cellodextrin, the partial hydrolysis product of cellulose, potentially could reduce the requirement of enzyme thereby the overall cost. Through a combination of gene deletion, introduction of a synthetic operon, and periplasmic expression of a Saccharophagus cellodextrinase, we engineered, for the first time, an E. coli biocatalyst capable of producing BDO from cellodextrin. The success of the engineering strategy is evidenced by the high BDO yield (>80%) from cellodextrin. We additionally demonstrate that the engineered biocatalyst can be advantageously used in a SSF process for BDO production from cellulose as the expression of cellodextrinase from a BDO producer augments the insufficient β-glucosidase activities in a commercial cellulase cocktail.
    Bioresource Technology 05/2012; 118:367-73. · 5.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lactic acid fermentation of Jerusalem artichoke tuber was performed with strains of Lactobacillus paracasei without acidic or enzymatic inulin hydrolysis prior to fermentation. Some strains of L. paracasei, notably KCTC13090 and KCTC13169, could ferment hot-water extract of Jerusalem artichoke tuber more efficiently compared with other Lactobacillus spp. such as L. casei type strain KCTC3109. The L. paracasei strains could utilize almost completely the fructo-oligosaccharides present in Jerusalem artichoke. Inulin-fermenting L. paracasei strains produced c.a. six times more lactic acid compared with L. casei KCTC3109. Direct lactic fermentation of Jerusalem artichoke tuber extract at 111.6g/L of sugar content with a supplement of 5 g/L of yeast extract by L. paracasei KCTC13169 in a 5L jar fermentor produced 92.5 ce:hsp sp="0.25"/>g/L of lactic acid with 16.8 g/L fructose equivalent remained unutilized in 72 h. The conversion efficiency of inulin-type sugars to lactic acid was 98% of the theoretical yield.
    Bioresource Technology 04/2012; 114:745-7. · 5.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The chimeric proteins viz. CBM3-Cel9A, CBM4-Cel9A and CBM30-Cel9A, are constructed by fusion of family 3, 4, and 30 cellulose binding modules (CBMs) to N-terminus of family 9 endoglucanase (Cel9A) from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldrious. The chimeric enzymes were successfully expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. The chimeric enzymes showed significant increase in Avicel (8-12 folds) and filter paper (7-10 folds) degradation activities compared to Cel9A endoglucanase. Computational protein modeling and simulation on the chimeric enzymes were applied to analyze the fused CBMs effect on the increased insoluble cellulosic substrates degradation activity. Thin layer chromatography analysis of the enzymatic hydrolysis products and distribution of reducing sugars between soluble and insoluble fractions indicated processive cleavage of insoluble cellulosic substrates by the chimeras. The fused CBMs played a critical accessory role for the Cel9A catalytic domain and changed its character to facilitate the processive cleavage of insoluble cellulosic substrates.
    Bioresource Technology 02/2012; 112:10-7. · 5.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The 16S rRNA sequence analysis and biochemical characteristics were confirmed that the isolated bacterium is Pseudomonas sp. LBC1. The commonly used textile dye, Direct Brown MR has been used to study the fate of biodegradation. Pseudomonas sp. LBC1 showed 90% decolorization of Direct Brown MR (100 mg/L) and textile industry effluent with significant reduction in COD and BOD. The optimum condition for decolorization was 7.0 pH and 40°C. Significant increase in a activity of extracellular laccase suggested their possible involvement in decolorization of Direct Brown MR. Biodegradation metabolites viz. 3,6-dihydroxy benzoic acid, 2-hydroxy-7-aminonaphthol-3-sulfonic acid, and p-dihydroperoxybenzene were identified on the basis of mass spectra and using the 1.10 beta Shimadzu NIST GC-MS library. The Direct Brown MR and textile industry effluent were toxic to Sorghum bicolor and Vigna radiata plants as compared to metabolites obtained after decolorization. The Pseudomonas sp. LBC1 could be useful strain for decolorization and detoxification of textile dyes as well as textile industry effluent.
    Folia Microbiologica 02/2012; 57(2):115-22. · 0.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The optimal temperature and pH for retinal production using metabolically engineered Escherichia coli in a 7-l fermentor were found to be 30°C and 7.0, respectively. The agitation speed was a critical factor for retinal production. The optimal agitation speed was 400 rpm (oxygen transfer coefficient, k(L)a, = 92 1/h) in batch culture and 600 rpm (k(L)a=148 1/h) in a fed-batch culture of glycerol. Span 80 was selected as a surfactant for retinal production in metabolically engineered E. coli because Span 80 had proven the most effective for increased retinal production among the tested surfactants. Under the optimal conditions in the fed-batch culture with 5 g/l Span 80, the cell mass and the concentration, content, and productivity of retinal were 24.7 g/l, 600 mg/l, 24.3mg/g-cells, and 18 mg l(-1)h(-1) after 33 h, respectively. They were 1.2-, 2.7-, 2.3-, and 2.7-fold higher than those in the fed-batch culture without Span 80, respectively. The concentration and productivity of retinal in this study were the highest ever reported. The hydrophilic portion of Span 80 (sorbitan) did not affect cell growth and retinal production, but the hydrophobic portion (oleic acid) stimulated cell growth. However, oleic acid plus sorbitan did not stimulate retinal production. Thus, Span 80, as a linked compound of oleic acid and sorbitan produced by esterification, proved to be an effective surfactant for the enhancement of retinal production.
    Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering 12/2011; 113(4):461-6. · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sesquiterpenes are important materials in pharmaceuticals and industry. Metabolic engineering has been successfully used to produce these valuable compounds in microbial hosts. However, the microbial potential of sesquiterpene production is limited by the poor heterologous expression of plant sesquiterpene synthases and the deficient FPP precursor supply. In this study, we engineered E. coli to produce α-farnesene using a codon-optimized α-farnesene synthase and an exogenous MVA pathway. Codon optimization of α-farnesene synthase improved both the synthase expression and α-farnesene production. Augmentation of the metabolic flux for FPP synthesis conferred a 1.6- to 48.0-fold increase in α-farnesene production. An additional increase in α-farnesene production was achieved by the protein fusion of FPP synthase and α-farnesene synthase. The engineered E. coli strain was able to produce 380.0 mg/L of α-farnesene, which is an approximately 317-fold increase over the initial production of 1.2 mg/L.
    Metabolic Engineering 09/2011; 13(6):648-55. · 6.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the fed-batch culture of glycerol using a metabolically engineered strain of Escherichia coli, supplementation with glucose as an auxiliary carbon source increased lycopene production due to a significant increase in cell mass, despite a reduction in specific lycopene content. L-Arabinose supplementation increased lycopene production due to increases in cell mass and specific lycopene content. Supplementation with both glucose and L-arabinose increased lycopene production significantly due to the synergistic effect of the two sugars. Cell growth by the consumption of carbon sources was related to endogenous metabolism in the host E. coli. Supplementation with L-arabinose stimulated only the mevalonate pathway for lycopene biosynthesis and supplementation with both glucose and L-arabinose stimulated synergistically only the mevalonate pathway. In the fed-batch culture of glycerol with 10 gl(-1) glucose and 7.5 gl(-1) L-arabinose, the cell mass, lycopene concentration, specific lycopene content, and lycopene productivity after 34 h were 42 gl(-1), 1,350 mgl(-1), 32 mg g cells(-1), and 40 mgl(-1)h(-1), respectively. These values were 3.9-, 7.1-, 1.9-, and 11.7-fold higher than those without the auxiliary carbon sources, respectively. This is the highest reported concentration and productivity of lycopene.
    Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 01/2011; 90(2):489-97. · 3.69 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

524 Citations
167.53 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2013
    • Konkuk University
      • • Department of Bioscience and Technology
      • • Department of Chemical Engineering
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2005–2013
    • Gyeongsang National University
      • Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center
      Shinshū, South Gyeongsang, South Korea
  • 2008
    • Korea Forest Research Institute
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1996–1999
    • Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology KRIBB
      • Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB)
      Ansan, Gyeonggi, South Korea